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The imperative commands, or forbids ; as, go thou, sing thou.
The potential does not strictly assert, as of something certain, but represents it as possible ; as, I may, or can go; I may, or can sing.
The subjunctive is used to express a thing conditionally, or by way of supposition, and is generally preceded by the words although, if, unless, ercept, as, unless he come.
The infinitive denotes the action, being, or suffering of any thing, without any regard to number or person, and has commonly the sign to before it; as, to love, to write, to be.
Verbs have six tenses, or times, the present preterimperfect, preterperfect, preterpluperfect, future imperfect, and future perfect.
The present denotes the time that now is; as, I love, or am loving now.
The preterimperfect represents the action as almost finished, but not quite; as, I loved, or did love, or was loving.
The preterperfect represents the action as quite finished; as, I have loved.
The preterpluperfect represents the action not only as quite finished, but as finished before some point of time to which there is an allusion in the sentence; as, I had loved; that is, before the time you mention, or before such an hour, or day, &c.
The future imperfect represents the action as yet to come, indefinitely and at large; as, I shall, or will love : that is, sometime hereafter.
The future perfect represents the action as yet to come, and as intended to be finished by some other future period to which we allude; as, I shall, or will have loved; that is, before such an hour, or day, &c.
Verbs have two numbers, the singular and the plural; and three persons in each number.
The person speaking is called the first person; as, I or we love.—The person spoken to, is called the second person : as, thou lovest ; ye love.—The person spoken of, is called the third person ; as, he loves, they love.
There are two moods formed from the verb itself; the indicative, as, I love ; and the imperative, as, love thou.
The verb varies its ending in forming the tenses; as, I love, I loved.
The verb is likewise varied in the different numbers and persons; as, I love, thou lovest, he loves ; we love, ye love, they love,
In forming, or conjugating a regular verb through its several moods and tenses, we make use of other verbs; which are, therefore, called auxiliary, or helping verbs.
The auxiliary verbs are, shall, will, may, can, have, be, do, let, and must.
Shall, will, may, and can, are not regularly conjugated, like the other helping verbs ; but have two forms; the absolute and the condi tional.
We shall, Thou shalt,
Ye should, He should.
ABSOLUTE FORM. I will,
We wilt, Thou wilt,
Ye will, He will.
CONDITIONAL FORM. I would,
We would, Thou wouldest,
Ye would, He would.
Ye may, Thou mayest,
They may. He may.
CONDITIONAL FORM. I might,
We might, Thou mightest,
Ye might, He might.
We have, Thou hast,
Ye have, He hath, or has.
PRETERIMPERFECT Tense. I had,
We bad, Thou hadst,
Ye bad, He had.
PRETERPERFECT TENSE. I have had,
We have had, Thou hast had,
Ye have had, He hath, or has had.
They have had.
They had had.
Future Imperfect Tense.
I shall, or will have, We shall, or will have,
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE.
I shall, or will have had, / Weshall,or will havehad, Thou shalt, or wilt have | Ye shall, or will have had,
had, He shall, or will have They shall, or will have had.
Plural. Let me bave,
Let us have, Have thou, or do thou Have ye, or do ye have,
have, Let him have.
Let them have.
Plural. I may, or can have,
We may, or can have, Thou mayest, or canst have, | Ye may, or can have, He may, or can bave.
They may, or can have.