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often placed at the opposite end of the sewer, and answered for his mother when she was too ill to undertake that task herself. A person of my acquaintance heard him say, “ Maman a moins pleuré cette nuit-un peu repos, et te souhaite le bon jour ; c'est Lolo, qui t'aime bien, qui te dit cela*." At length this unfortunate mother, when going to execution, transmitted to her son, by the sewer, her long and graceful tresses, as the only inheritance she had to give." She then bade her infant à last farewell, and was led to the scaffold where her husband had perished some months before.

One of the persons most distinguished by their noble contempt of death was Girey Dupré, with whom I was well acquainted. He was the writer of a paper called the Patriote François, in conjunction with Brissot : he had acquired a high degree of literary reputation, and maintained his mother, a widow, by the labours of his pen. He was twenty-four years of age, and his countenance was one of the most agreeable I ever saw. To these personal advantages he united the most frank and pleasing manners, and distinguished powers of conversation. He had defended the deputies of the Gironde with too much energy not to be involved in their fate, and he was also connected by the ties of friendship with Brissot. Dupré was forced to fly from his persecutors, and seek refuge at Bourdeaux, where he was seized, and brought back in irons to Paris. Far from being depressed by his approaching fate, the natural gaiety of his disposition never forsook him a single moment. When interrogated at the tribunal with respect to his conpection with Brissot, he answered only in these

* “ Mamma has not cried so much to night. --She has slept a little, and wishes you a good morning ; it is Lolo who speaks to you, who loves you very much.” M 2


words, “ J'ai connu Brissot ; j'attesté qu'il a vecu .comine Aristide, et qu'il est mort, comine Sydney, martyr de la liberté*.”. He presented'himself at the tribunal with his hair cut off, the collar of his shirt thrown open, and all ready prepared for the stroke of the executioner. On his way to the oscaffold, he saw Robespierre's mistress at the win

dow of his lodging, with her sister, and some of their įferocious accomplices, 165 A bas les tyrans et

les dietateyrst !” cried Dupré, repeating this peosphetic exclamation till he lost sight of the house. While going to execution, he sung in a triumphant tone, a very popular patriotic song, which he had himself composed, and of which the chorus was,

& Plutôt la mort que l'esclayages.”? . That cherished sentimeni he fondly repeated even to his last

moment, and death left the half finished sentence aon his lips PM o Claviere, who had been contemporary minister with Roland, and who yas imprisoned in the Conciergerie, upon receiving his act of accusation, saw that the list of witnesses against him was composed of his most implacable enemies.

66. These are assassins," said he to a fellow prisoner 3? I will snatch myself from their rage.” He then repeated tliese lines of Voltaire, 1. ani Linottu!! G 0* Les criminels trem blans sont trainés ay supplice ; modej Les mortels généreux disposent de leur sort:!! and after deliberating with his companion upon the mnost effectual means of striking himself so that the dagger might reach his heart, he retired to liis cell, where he was found, a few minutes after, breathing Oh I knew Brissot; Tattest that he lived liké Aristides, and died like Sydney, the martyr of liberty."

t' Down with tyrants and dictators:!" I "Rather death than flavery."

his last 'sigh. Madame Claviere, upon receiving the tidings of his death, swallowed poison, after having embraced her children, and regulated her affairs. Notwithstanding his suicide, the property of Claviere was confiscated, as if he had been reguJarly condemned. A law, had lately been passed to construe an act of suicide into a counter-revolutionary project, when the father of a family who knew that his life was devoted, had voluntarily put an end to his existence in the hope of preserving his children from want, Robespierre and his financial agents, found nothing mone pressing than to baffle those conspiracies against the revenues of their government, for contiscation was so evidently the beading motive for the great mass of their judicial assassinations, that the guillotine, amongst other -numerous titles, was most generally called " the minister of finance." The tribunal now began, to use the language of the orator*,“ to look into the cash accounts for delinquency, and found the offenders guilty of 90; many hundred thousand pounds worth of treason. They now accused by the multiplication able, tried by the rule of three, and condemned, not by the subline institutes of Justinian, but by the unerring rules of Cocker's arithmetic."

On some occasions the genuine feelings of nature bursti forth amidst the stupified terror that had frozen every heart. A kaw had lately passed, obliging every merchant to inscribe on his door the stock of merchandize in his warehouse, under the penalty of death. A wine-merchant, whose affairs had called him hastily into the country, entrusted the business of the inscription to his son, who from ignorance or negligence, for it was clearly proved

See Mr. Sheridan's eloquent speech on Mr. Hastings's

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that there existed no intention of fraud, had omitted to affix the declaration in the precise words of the law. The conscientious jury of the revolutionary tribunal condemned him to deatly, presuming on the counter revolutionary intention in this case from the act, though they were in general accustomed, for want of other evidence, to find the act by ‘guessing at the intention. The innocent prisoner had prepared himself for death, when the minister of justice, informed of the case, wrote to the convențion, demanding a respite. His letter had not been half read before the hall resounded with the cry of de reprleve, reprieve!" sandarinigs that the act of pardon would arrive too late, the contention, dispensing with the usual formalities, not tonly sent its Cofficers and part of the military force, but great numbers of the deputies rushed out to stop the execution. The officer who received the order first, with which he flew towards the places of the revolus Fion, told ine that on his cointig out of the corren nipple sat the staffald orealed, vandle the croire assembled: "Pe tind scarcely reached the tree of the first vista' when he sitw the fatal kvifo descenda He redoubled his speed, but before he got to the end of the walk another head had fallen , a third person had mounted the scaffold, but the voice of the messenger was too weak, from the efforts he had made to gain the spot to beinoticed by the water rade." The fourth had ascended to her he gained the place,' rushed frough the crowd, called to the executioner, and leaped on the scaffold. The prisoner had been stripped, his shoulders were bave, and he was already tied to the plank, when the cry of " reprieve” burst forth : the officer enquired his name, which the young man told him. “Alas! you are not the person,” he replied. The prisoner submitted calmly to his fate 3,519..12 TM 9? *


• The bearer of the reprieve, who is a person of a very benevolent disposition, declared that he never felt so acute a pang as when he was compelled to turn away from this unfortunate victim. He hastened, however, to the prison, where he found the person who was reprieved awaiting the return of the cart and the executioner, his hair cut and his hands tied, to be led to death at another part of the city where his house stood. A wife and nine children were deploring the miserable loss of a husband and a father, when the officer who had brought the tidings of life to the prisoner, went at his request to carry them to his distracted family: I need not describe what he related to me of the scenes-vour heart will readily fill up the picture. ' 5. That class of men which were peculiarly the obz jects of the tyrant's rage were men of letters, with respect to whom the jealousy. of the rival was min gled with the fury of the oppressor, and against whom »his hatred was !less, implacable for bavivg opposed his tyratıy. I thian for having eclipsed his eloquences. It is a curious consideration, that the anexampled crimes of this sanguinary usurper, and the consequent miseries which have desolated the finest country of Europe, may, perhaps, if traced to their source, be found to arise from the resentment of al disappointed witr," Robespierres i for the misfortune of humaniru i was persecuted by the most restless desire of flistinguishing himself astan Qrator brid nature haddenied him the power. He and his brother were born ativiras, and left orphans at an early age. The bishop of Arras had bestowed on them a liberal edacation: Robespierre distinguistied himself by his application to his first studies, and obtained many literary prizes. At the age of sixe teen elated by the applause he had receives, die flacied himself endowed with súoh rare powers of genius as would enables him to act asplendid, part


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