Photogravure-From photograph. Specially engraved for the Ridpath Library.


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tal he needed. There is always plenty of capital looking for just such an opening. But the fact of Stuart's failure is the essential thing, after all, and it is only another tribute to the coherency and actuality of Judge Grant's story that the seeming contradictions of this passage should force themselves upon the reader's mind.”

As an essayist, Judge Grant is a forceful, comprehensive writer, who carries conviction with his every word.


The sober sense of our public long ago reached the conclusion that divorce is a necessary and often beneficial remedy against tyranny and suffering and that a bar to marriage after divorce in most cases would be inconsistent with justice, and prejudicial to the best interests of civilization. The fiat of the churches that to remarry after divorce for any cause, or save for that of infidelity, is necessarily inconsistent with the highest ideals of humanity is regarded more and more the world over as monkish and untenable. If a vote were to be taken by the nation as to whether divorced persons should be allowed to marry during the lifetime of the former husband or wife, the result, in the opinion of the writer, would show a pitiful minority in favor of the clerical view. — The Anarchy of Our Divorce Laws.

RANT, ULYSSES SIMPSON, an American soldier ;

eighteenth President of the United States;

born at Point Pleasant, O., April 27, 1822; died at Mount McGregor, near Saratoga, N. Y., July 23, 1885. He was graduated from West Point in


1843, was appointed a second lieutenant, and served during the Mexican War under Generals Taylor and Scott. In 1852 he was ordered to Oregon, and was made captain the next year. In 1854 he resigned his commission in the army, and was engaged in farming and other pursuits until the breaking out of the Civil War. His subsequent brilliant military career closed with the surrender of the Confederate army under General Lee, April 9, 1865, which virtually put an end to the war. In 1868 he was elected President of the United States, and was re-elected in 1872. In March, 1877, soon after the expiration of his second Presidential term, he set out upon an extensive tour around the world which lasted until the spring of 1880. He subsequently entered business in New York, which resulted disastrously. The property of General Grant was entirely swept away by this failure, which was the immediate occasion of the writing of his only book, the Personal Memoirs. While engaged in writing this work an affection of the throat developed into a malignant cancer, which caused his death, after long and terrible suffering. The Personal Memoirs proved a valuable legacy to his heirs, who within two years after its publication received not less than $500,000 by way of copyright.


Although frequently urged by friends to write my memoirs, I had determined never to do so, nor to write anything for publication. At the age of nearly sixty-two I received an injury from a fall, which confined me closely to the house, while it did not apparently affect my general health. This made study a pleasant pastime. Shortly after, the rascality of a business partner developed itself by the announcement of a failure. This was followed soon after by universal depression of all securities, which seemed to threaten the extinction of a good part of the income still retained, and for which I am indebted to the kindly act of friends. At this juncture the editor of the Century Magazine asked me to write a few articles for him. I consented for the money it gave me; for at that moment I was living upon borrowed money. The work I found congenial, and I determined to continue it.

The firsť volume, as well as a portion of the second, was written before I had reason to suppose I was in a critical condition of health. Later I was reduced almost to the point of death, and it became impossible for me to attend to anything for weeks. I have, however, somewhať regained my strength, and am able to devote as many hours a day as a person should devote to such work. I would have more hope of satisfying the expectation of the public if I could have allowed myself more time. I have used my best efforts, with the aid of my eldest son, F. D. Grant, assisted by his brothers, to verify from the records every

statement of fact given. The comments are my own, and show how I saw the matters treated of, whether others saw them in the same light or not. – Personal Memoirs, Introduction, July, 1885.


My family, all this while, was at the East. It consisted now [1854) of a wife and two children. I saw no chance of supporting them on the Pacific coast out of my pay as an army officer. I concluded, therefore, to resign, and in March applied for a leave of absence until the end of July following, tendering my resignation to take effect at the end of that time. I left the Pacific coast very much attached to it, and with the full expectation of making it my future home.

In the late summer of 1854 I joined my family to find in it a son whom I had never seen, born while I was on the Isthmus of Panama. I was now to commence, at the age of thirty-two, a new struggle for our support. My wife had a farm near St. Louis, to which we went, but I had no means to stock it. A house had to be built also.

Vol. XI.-22

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