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the judgment; exposes the imperfections responds with its title; while it of what is apparently most pure and in shows that the respectable author · viting; and thus leaches us to make our is capable of writing something

religion more and more spiritual, holy, better than hints. The work imsolid, practical, humble, sincere.”

plies much more information than The 6 Introductory Essay," is it communicates. It affords decijust what might have been ex sive evidence, that Mr. Douglass pected from the sound and judi- has thought very profoundly on cious divine whose name is at the subject of Missions, and that tached to it. It turns chiefly on he is, on the best and most enthe high value and importance of lightened principles, a warm and “ deep religious knowledge,” illus- devoted friend to the evangelizatrated by an admirable scriptural tion of the world. It is gratifying exposition of the doctrine of the to find the representative of one of fall and corruption of human na- the oldest and most respectable ture, in connexion with the entire families in Scotland, whose ancessystem of revealed truth, and the tors made a distinguished figure progress of spiritual life. We can in the annals of feudal and border only make room for a brief extract. contest, employed in advocating a Having pointed out the relation cause which few of the rich or which this doctrine holds to scrip- noble of that country have yet ture truth in general, and touched espoused. We trust that this is only on its difficulties, and on the feelings the first fruits of Mr. Douglass's which it should excite, he goes on pen, and that we shall again meet to state, in reference to the inquirer; him in a more finished work, on that

some of the topics which are merely " The field of observation which will hinted at in this volume. stretch the widest before him, is the ap Into the Christian principles on plication of this general doctrine to his which Missions ought to be con. own heart and character. He will less

ducted, and the direct Christian concern himself, in the first instance,

mcans which should be employed with the effect of it in others; he will have enough to do to trace it in himself;

by Missionaries, Mr. Douglass does to discover its windings. its hidden not properly enter. His attention course, its tendencies, its operations.

is chiefly confined to the indirect And he will be most anxious to follow

or subsidiary means which may out this investigation in all its branches, be employed, and which, though and especially in its effects on his reli- they operate slowly, must ultigious sentiments and habits, where it is mately produce an extensive, inmost latent, and, therefore, most dan- deed an universal impression. gerous. A life is too short for such a study. All the integrity, all the self. “ There are three agents," he reexamination, all the repeated study of marks, “ almost untried as yet, of the Scriptures, united with fervent prayer still more penetrative operation, which to the Supreme Teacher and Author of will soon be interwoven with the issues all illumination, will only suffice to de- of all human affairs, and are the very tect the sophistry of this subtle evil, hinges upon which the moral world will and correct and diminish the fatal con- speedily turn. The three things in which sequences which it produces. It is in the present age excels, the ancients, the light of the Holy Spirit, and in the are, the inductive philosophy, printing, school of personal piety, where all is and universal education. By means of applied as it is discovered, and is traced these, Christianity may and will dein ourselves before it is observed in serve the epithet of Catholic.”-p. 29. others, that this humiliating truth is best learned.”

The education of native preachThe volume is altogether well ers, colleges for general education got up, the paper and ink are good, established abroad, the employthe type clear, and the price exem

ment of medical men in places plarily moderate.

where no other persons can be introduced, the author recommends

as particularly deserving attention Hints on Missions. By James Dou

from the conductors of Missions. gluss, Esq. 12mo.-- Loudon: Ca The author has evinced his sindell, 1822.

cerity in contending for the im., This small volume completely cor portance of some of these meå- '

CONG, MAG. No. 71.

41

sures, by presenting five hundred house or the shop, obliterates more pounds to the Missionary College than half the ideas previously acat Serampore. He also recom- quired in the school.” The writer mends Missionaries to insert in of these letters, which were actually their journals, observations on the addressed to a son who had left the natural history of the countries paternal home for the bustle of comwhere they labour; by which their merce, and the hazards of general cause would be brought before intercourse with society, looked men of science, and the import with anxiety to the “ spare hours" ance of Missions more generally which so many have perverted to acknowledged. We think the Mis- their destruction, and, with a view sionary Societies will do well to to suggest plans for their pleasurable attend to some of these hints; improvement, has gone through and all Christians ought to consi- various topics, illustrating the prinder the bearings of the following 'ciple that true gratification is alone observations.

to be found in the due cultivation of

the mind and heart, in the pursuits 66I believed, and therefore have I of profitable literature, the contemspoken'--There is a measure derived

plation of the works of God, the from heaven to judge of the sincerity of belief. The laws of the human mind

enjoyment of the domestic circle, or are not circumscribed within degrees

orees of well chosen society, the works of

01 and parallels. He who has no desire mercy, and the exercises of devoto proclaim the Gospel abroad, has tion. These important subjects are none to proclaim it at home, and has discussed in an attractive manner; no belief in it hiinself; whatever pro- serious admonition is mingled with fessions he may make, are hollow amusing anecdote, and the author and hypocritical. Bodies of Christians has succeeded in putting together, who make no efforts to Christianize with much skill, a volume wbich we others, are Christians but in name ; can safely recommend as a valnable and the ages in which no attempts are

addition to the library of youth. made to send the glad tidings to heathen

The following is a sample ad upercountries are the dark ages of Chris..

turam. tianity, however they may suppose themselves enlightened and guided by philo " A bitter word, or a sour look, takes sophy and moderation.

from the domestic board its wonted reir The ages of Christian purity have lish; and a sullen humour, cherished ever been the ages of Christian exer- when it ought to be repressed, destroys the tion. At the commencement of Chris- lively joys of the social evening. “Those,' tianity, he who believed in the Gospel, says an ingenious writer, who have became also a preacher of the Gospel. not traced the causes of family quarrels, • We believe, and therefore we speak.' would not easily guess from what slight The effort was correspondent to the circumstances they originate; they arise belief, and the success to the effort. more frequently from small defects in Christians grew and multiplied, and temper, than from material faults in their very multiplication insured a fresh character. Selfish gratifications may renewal of their increase. The primitive render us incapable of other bappiness, prolific blessing was upon them, and one but can never of themselves make us became a thousand."--pp. 105, 106. happy, The truth and force of this ob

servation may be seen in almost every mumma

spoiled child, who has been suffered to Choice Pleasures for Youth, recom

have his own way, and has grown up into mended in a series of Letters from a

mo his permanent habits amidst unbounded

indulgence. Conceited, arrogant, and Father to his Son. 12mo. pp. 162. overbearing, he is impatient of contra

Price 48.- London: Baynes, 1823. diction, though always ready to conIt is, unhappily, too frequently the tradict. When he is absent, it may be, case that youth are often called

the family is placid and cheerful; but as to enter on the engagements of ac

soon as he returns, every sunny smile is tive life without an efficient pre

clouded, and the darkness of suspicion is

universally diffused. His eye is the torch paration for its arduous duties.

which kindles the fire of resentment, and Common education fails egregiously

his tongue is the trumpet which sounds in this point, and, as it is well

the signal of strife. ,observed in the preface to tbis ". In some cases, parents and heads of sensible and agreeable little volume, families have alienated both their chil“ the first year in the counting. dren and dependants, by austerity and

violence. History abounds with such has given rise to much invidious characters. Charles Duke of Somerset remark. For ourselves, we see was noted for his pride, insolence, and nothing either injurious or dis. irritability. He once took offence, be

honourable in this custom; we wish cause his Duchess gently and familiarly

that the funds of the church, or of tapped him on the shoulder with her fan. He exacted from his children a most

public societies, were never worse profound deference, and a rigid obe

bestowed, and we think it but nadience to all his mandates. The two

tural that they who feel their need youngest daughters had used to stand

of illumination should supply their and watch alternately, while he slept in

lamp with oil. It is true, indeed, the afternoon. Lady Charlotte, being that neither prizes nor academical tired, sat down; the Duke waked, and honours can create talent; yet they displeased, said, he would make her re may sometimes elicit it, whilst the member her want of decorum ; and, in competition may awaken a generous his will, left ber twenty thousand pounds

emulation, tending to excite powers less than her sister. Was it possible for

that might else have remained doreither pleasure or peace to dwell where

mant. such a tyrant reigned ? No one likes to be under the authority either of those

The subject of the essay now who are habitually insolent, or those

before us secms well adapted to the who are subject to frequent fits of anger

metaphysical habits of the author's and rage. When the well-known Fletcher, mind, and though these may di. of Salton, found his footman resolved to minish the popular effect of bis quit bis service, he asked, " Why do you compositions, they give to his realeave me?'-'Because,' replied the man, soning greater acuteness and dis

I cannot bear your temper. It is crimination, the qualities more true,' said he, I am passionate, but especially requisite in the present then you know my passion is no sooner instance. He has. we think. conon than it is off:'-Yes,' answered the

ducted the inquiry with considerfootman, but then it is no sooner off than on again.'”-pp. 14–16.

able judgment, and in a manner suited to the more intellectual order of readers He endeavours to show,

first, how far the reasoning faculties An Inquiry into the just Limits of Reason in the Investigation of Di.

should be exercised in judging of vine

the subjects of Revelation; and, Truth: being the Essay to

secondly, to point out the boundaries which the Sociсty for promoting Christian Knowledge and Church

within which their range must be

confined - leaving whatever other Union in the Diocese of St. David's

regions that Revelation may have adjudged a Premium of Fifty

brought to view, to the exercise of Pounds for the year 1822. By the Rev. J. Davies, of Queen's College,

an implicit and adoring faith. Alter

having defined the nature of reason, . Cambridge.- Pp. 70.

as to the meaning of the term, he It required much courage in a states, that it lies witbin the province young author to try his strength on of reason to judge of the character a subject of so much difficulty as and evidences of a professed revethat of this essay; especially on an lation-that it should receive no paroccasion in which he was sure to ticular tenet represented as conbave many competitors. The topic tained in a revelation already emof discussion, involving in itself the braced as a whole, without suffimost abstruse questions in thcology; cient evidence that it really constihas exercised the talents of the tutes a part of that revelation, most profound thinkers and most Under this subdivision of his subacute reasoners, and even these ject, it might be expected that the bave not found it easy to define the author, as a minister of a church boundaries of faith and reason. which has already authoritatively There was but little in such a subi determined what all her members ject to attract; it demanded the shall believe or reject, would have vigorous exercise of intellect, and been considerably embarrassed by imposed a severe restraint on the the ecclesiastical trammels in wbich imagination. The practice of en- be is obliged to move. Here, howcouraging writers in moral and ever, notwithstanding the difficultheological science, by awarding ties in which the proposition inprizes to the successful candidate, volves him, he virtually and man

fully maintains the right of pri- but a very imperfect idea of the vate judgment. We , of course body and substance of the essay, agree with the sentiment, and which, on the whole, we dcem one leave the worthy author to recon- of no ordinary merit. The author cile it with his established predilec- meets the question fully and fairly ; tions and principles. A third office grapples with its difficulties with so of reason, he states, is to guard much energy as to silence, if not to against the mistaken reception of convince, objectors; he combines any doctrines which are contrary to the devout spirit of faith with a wellthe clear evidence of intuitive be- disciplined reason, which, while it lief, or, to use the language of the admits the paramount claims of renorthern metaphyscians — to the velation, appears to be unbiassed by principles of common sense.

received systems, and assuming Under the second general head, nothing gratuitously, gives the cold to mark out the boundaries beyond logical clench to his conclusions. which this faculty must not be per- It is not a piece for light, rapid, and mitted to pass, he observes, that excursive readers, but for those who reason ought not to proceed so far think and who love the exercise of as to reject a doctrine conveyed in thought. The discussion is close a professed communication from and argumentative, yet, in many heaven, on the mere ground of its instances, enlivened with mucb being undiscoverable without su. felicity of illustration, and the pernatural and divine assistance style, though somewhat too sententhat neither ought a doctrine clearly tious, is nervous and masculine, asserted in it to be refused our and occasionally rises into elofirm and decided assent, because quence. If the essay should reach we may be unable to comprehend a second edition, we advise the the exact mode in which the facts it author to strike out the allusion to affirms or involves may subsist, and the triplicity of the British constituthat the jurisdiction of reason in tion. It can never exemplify the matters of faith and of divine reve- principle he wishes to illustrate, lation does not extend so far as and on such a use of it we must that a doctrine should be rejected, be allowed to fix the mark of our merely because it may be attended critical reprobation. With the few with difficulties which reason can exceptions we have made, wbich not solve.

are but small deductions from the · This naked outline, in which it substantial excellence of this prize must be owned there is nothing production, we give it our cordial cither novel or striking, conveys recommendation.

VARIETIES, LITERARY, SCIENTIFIC, 8c.

· On the Ripening of Fruils.-M. Berard, A fruit which happens naturally to of Montpelier, has produced a paper on be enclosed in a shell, may nevertheless this subject, which has gained the prize ripen; because the membrane, which for this year, proposed by the Academy forms the husk, is permeable to the air. of Sciences in Paris. The following is The communication between the external the result of his observations :-Fruit and internal air is so frce, that the two does not act like leaves on the air. The portions are always of uniform comporesult of its action, as well in light as in șition ; so that when the air thus condarkness, is at every instant of its for- tained is analyzed, it is always found to mation, a loss of carbon by the fruit, be of the same composition as atmoswhich combines with the oxygen of the pheric air. air, and forms carbonic acid. This loss When fruits, separated from the tree, of carbon is essential to the ripening of but capable of completing their own the fruit; for when the fruit is placed in ripening, are placed in media, free from an atmosphere deprived of oxygen, this oxygen, they do not ripen : the power, function becomes suspended, the ripening however, is only suspended, and may be is stopped, and if the fruit remains at re established by placing the fruit in an tached to the tree, it dries up and dies. atmosphere capable of taking carbob from it. But if the fruit remain too which he usually wore, with a napkin long in the first situation, although it tied about his head ; his countenance preserves the same external appearance was very pale, ghastly, deadly, and he nearly, it has entirely lost the power of bad a bloody wound on one side of his ripening.

forehead. Brother! says the affrighted Hence it results, that most fruits, and Joseph. Brother ! answered the appaespecially those that do not require to rition. Said Joseph, what's the matter remain on the tree, may be preserved brother? How came you here? The for some time, and the pleasure they apparition replied, Brother, I have been afford us thus prolonged. The most most barbarously and injuriously butsimple process consists in placing at the chered, by a debauched, drunken fellow, bottom of a bottle, a paste formed of to whom I never did any wrong in my lime, sulphate of iron, and water, and life. - Whereupon he gave a particular afterwards to introduce the said fruit, it description of the murderer; adding, having been pulled a few days before it brother, this fellow, changing his name, would have been ripe. These fruits are is attempting to come over unto New to be kept from the bottom of the bottle, England, in Foy, or Wild; I would pray and, as much as possible, from each you on the first arrival of either of these other, and the bottle to be closed by to get an order from the Governor, to a cork and cement. The fruits are thus seize the person, whom I have now deplaced in an atmosphere free from oxygen, scribed; and then do you indict bim for and may be preserved a longer or a the niurder of me, your brother. I'll shorter time, according to their nature; stand by you and prove the indictment. peaches, prunes, and apricots from And so he vanished. Mr. Beacon was twenty days to a month; pears and extremely astonished at what he had seen apples for three months. If they are and heard ; and the people of the family withdrawn after this time, and exposed not only observed an extraordinary alteto the air, they ripen extremely well; ration upon him, for the week following, but if the times mentioned are much ex- but have also given me under their ceeded, they undergo a particular altera. hands a full testimony, that he then gave tion, and will not ripen at all.

them an account of this apparition. All Ripe fruit exposed to the air rots and this while, Mr. Beacon bad no advice of decays. In this case, it first changes the any thing amiss attending his brother oxygen of the surrounding air into car- then in England; but about the latter bonic acid, and then liberates from itself end of June following, he understood by a large quantity of the same acid gas. the common ways of communication, It appears that the presence of oxy- that the April before, his brother going gen gas is necessary to the rotting in haste by night, to call a coach for a or decay of fruits ; when it is absent a lady, met a fellow then in drink, with his different change takes place.

doxy in his hand. Some way or other, - When the fruit cannot ripen, except on the fellow thought himself affronted with the tree, its ripening is not produced by the hasty passage of this Beacon, and a chemical change of the substances it immediately ran into the fire side of a contained whilst still green, but the neighbouring tavern, from whence he change of new substances furnished to fetched out a fire-fork, wlierewith he it by the tree, and when it appears to grievously wounded Beacon in the scull, lose the acid taste it had in its unripe even in that very part where the apparistate, it is because that taste is hidden by tion showed his wound; of this wound the large quantity of sugar it receives in he languished, until he died on the 2d ripening.

of May, about five of the clock in the

morning at London. The murderer, it A Narrative of an Apparition which a seems, was endeavouring to escape as Gentleman, in Boston, had of his Brother, the apparition affirmed, but the friends just then Murthered in London.--It was on of the decased Beacon, seized him; and the 2d of May in the year 1687, that a prosecuting him at law, he found the most ingenious, accomplished, and well help of such friends as brought him off disposed gentleman, Mr. Joseph Beacon without the loss of his life : since which by name, about five a clock in the there has no more been heard of the , morning, as he lay, whether sleeping or business. waking he could not say, (but he This history I received of Mr. Joseph judged the latter of them had a view of Beacon himself; who, a little before his his brother then at London, although own pious and hopeful death, which folhe was now himself at our Boston, dis- lowed not long after, gave me the story tanced from him a thousand leagues. written and signed with his own hand, This his brother appeared unto him in and attested with the circumstances Í the morning about five a clock at Bos- have already mentioned. - Dr. Cotton ton, having on him a Bengal gown Mather's Wonders of the Invisible World.

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