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and yet the fountain within is not in their hearts: and it was in the exhausted or weakened. This has thought of his heart, that the sin been the source of all the cala- of Simon Magus consisted. “ Remities which have fallen upon our pent, if perhaps the thought of nature-the spring of the ever- thine heart may be forgiven thee growing pollutions which have —for thou hast thought, that the been spreading over all the gene- gift of God may be purchased with rations of men. The Lord has money-thine heart is not right in beheld the whole compass and the sight of God." Thoughts are potency of the evil-and no mind the words of the mind-the acbut his own could comprehend it, tions of the soul. The strength in its vigorous causes and awful of the body of sin is in evil issues. « The Lord looketh upon thoughts. There is evil enough the heart.” That is to say, he in one thought of sin to turn looks at the beginning of sin. He angels of light into devils—a paracannot stop short in effects, but dise into a hell and men, made ever apprehends the effect in the in the likeness of God, into the cause—and that is its true mea- image of devils. sure,- its intentional issue, which Christ was set up “ for the fall is its real one. Let every rea- and rising again of many in Israel — der look into his own thoughts. and that the thoughts of many hearts There is formed the repugnancy might be revealed.”_" God will of human nature to the Divine judge the secrets of men by Jesus law and government; there the Christ,” and “He will bring every weapons are first taken up against work, and every secret thing into him that made the heavens; there judgment:" and he will condemn we say—who is Lord over us? the wicked for THINKING, that he there, in his heart, at last, the fool was altogether such an one as theme says, there is no God there is no selves. eye to see.
From these brief observations, It is through the medium of the inference is obvious" as a evil thoughts, that the empire of man thinketh in his heart, so is darkness is maintained. Satan he.” Let us learn to entertain no retains his vassals by evil thoughts. other standard of our own characHe has a power of suggesting them ters—for by this God judges. How -whether immediately, by direct momentous then is the exclusion access to the thinking faculty, or of evil thoughts, and the produce mediately, through sensible ob- tion of good ones! I have but jects, is of little moment the fact opened the subject, which should is clear, by them he leads captive you, Mr. Editor, and your readers the imagination, and thus holds approve, I may resume in some the heart and all the active powers, future pages of your work. his willing slaves. Thus Saul's
Moses Priscus. heart was filled with evil thoughts against David-thus the dark
nomon minded Judas entertained with THE INFLUENCE OF IMAGINApleasure the first thought of be- TION ON HUMAN CHARACTER traying the Son of God to his AND HAPPINESS. foes. The Psalmist lays it down WHOśver has attended in any as one of the features of the degree to the operations of his wicked — he conceiveth mischief own mind, must be aware that he upon his bed; when he goeth has a power, not only of forming abroad, he telleth it.” Ananias ideas of sensible objects while and Sapphira “ conceived” the present in his view, or of recalling wicked lie against the Holy Ghost to his recollection ideas of past objects; but that he also possesses An investigation of the subject, a faculty which enables him to far from laborious, will be suffiselect ideas of those sensible ob- cient to convince us that the jects, and so to arrange and mo- imagination, when brought under dify them, as to form ideal scenery, correct discipline, has a most valuwhich the eye of the mind surveys able influence on the character and with pleasure or pain, according happiness of man., to the nature of the representa- None can doubt that, by the aid tion. This faculty of the mind, of imagination, in a most important philosopliers have designated by degree, is created that stimulus the term imagination
which gives at once ardour and In determining the province of perseverance to the efforts of the imagination, philosophical writers early adventurer in the path of do not appear to agree. Mr. Ad-, science ;-a path too rugged and dison and Dr. Reid, for instance, too steep to invite the feet of the have limited it to objects of sight; inexperienced and volatile genius, while Professor Stewart, on the were it not that that genius posother hand, has extended its ope- sessed the power, first of all, to rations to all the objects of human throw on the bleak and boundless knowledge. Both these definie prospect, a scene as fascinating as tions have been considered defec- it is unreal, and to adorn the very tive. The former is too limited; path of ruggedness, by which its for, although imagination most advances are to be secured, with readily and most frequently selects softness, and verdure, and flowers. its materials from objects of vision, But, if this important faculty yet it often (as the productions of has so surprising an influence on the poet abundantly prove) makes the intellectual character, by giving its selections from ideas obtained to the mind a powerful stimulus through the medium of the other in the pursuit of enterprize, much senses. The latter definition must more extensive is its influence on be considered too extensive; since moral character. All the natural it obviously destroys that meaning virtues of the heart are, in a most of the term which its etymology important degree, modified by the has fixed, and entirely confounds imagination. If this faculty is it with conception.
properly cultivated, and its operaThe design of this paper, how. tions wisely directed, it will much, ever, does not embrace a minutely contribute to give that tone and philosophical analysis of this men- finish to the affections which contal phenomenon. We shall, there- stitute the perfection of virtuous. fore, immediately proceed to the character, and the consummation proposed discussion, namely, the of earthly happiness.
. influence of imagination on human A well regulated imagination character and happiness.
heightens benevolent feeling. That That the character of man, both there is, in the exercise of bene. intellectual and moral, and conse- volence, an indescribable and ex. quently his personal happiness, is, quisite pleasure, none but the in an important degree, influenced heart that is destitute of this by the imagination, even the most virtue will be disposed to deny. superficial observer of mental phe- In proportion as this pleasure is nomena must have frequently re- heightened, will a desire for its marked, and with equal propriety cultivation be increased. Imagi. we may add, that a more important nation does much, if we mistake influence than such an observer not, towards heightening the pleahas ever remarked will be found sure which benevolent feeling af. to exist...
fords. This truth is strikingly, illustrated in the productions of to make us acquainted with our the novelist. The picture of dis- situation; so that we feel of netress is here finished in all its cessity the corresponding emotions. parts, and we are made acquainted But without the exercise of a lively not only with every circumstance imagination, it is impossible for a on which the distress turns, but man to comprehend completely
with the sentiments and feelings the situation of his neighbour, or i of every character with respect to to have an idea of a great part of
his situation. In ordinary life, we the distress which exists in the see only the naked outline of the world. If we feel, therefore, more exhibition, and, consequently, the for ourselves than for others, the impression is slight. But by the difference is to be ascribed, at aid of imagination we finish the least partly, to this, that, in the scene, and supply the incidents former case, the facts, which are that are wanting. Let us con- the foundations of our feeling, are ceive, for a moment, of two indivi- more fully before us than they duals; the one possessing an active possibly can be in the latter." imagination, the other, to a consi- In the same manner, the imagiderable degree, destitute of the nation subserves the interests of faculty. An object of distress friendship. It is this faculty which presents itself to their notice. gives to the mind a susceptibility They are both benevolent, and of attachment, and a glow of af. they both contribute to the wants fection which' otherwise could of the suppliant. The one, who is never exist. There are two pasdestitute of imagination, feels sa- sions, which in every case are tisfaction in having it in his power necessary to permanent friendto gratify the benevolent instinct ship; admiration and gratitudeof his nature, and here his plea- admiration of intrinsic excellence, surable feeling ends. The other, and gratitude for reciprocal regard. by an effort of his imagination, The mere contemplation of exwhich is as easy as it is delightful, cellence, it is true, inay for a time pictures to himself the scene which produce strong attachment; but he may suppose will present itself, we cannot lastingly love, unless when the object of his charity shall there is a consciousness of correhave reached his home of wretch- sponding emotions existing on the edness, (if a home he has,) and part of the object of our regards. shall present to the raptured view Now, both these passions are of the sharers, both of his affec- heightened by the imagination, tions and his miseries, the boon of This faculty, when active and rehumanity. He will fancy he sees fined, will often be employed in the smile of joy and the tear of inventing circumstances and incigratitude mingled on every face, dents such as would serve to elicit and, while he gazes, he will feel, the best virtues of the object beto an extent to which his phleg- loved, and to develop, under every matic companion is totally a stran, varied and fascinating form, the ger, the “ luxury of doing good.” most admired traits of its character. as I have been often inclined to Actions of strong disinterested think,” says Professor Stewart, friendship will be imagined as " that the apparent coldness and already performed; and thus, amid selfishness of mankind may be the monotonous events of everytraced in a great measure to the day life, where the same qualities want of imagination. In the case of excellence, modified by no of misfortunes, which happen to changing scenes or altered cirourselves or to our near connex- cumstances, would almost-cease ions, this power is not necessary to appear excellencies from their
uniformity, all that attachment pation of supposable felicity : · which renewed admiration and who, while gazing on the compla
rekindled gratitude can elicit, is cent and lovely form of imaginary preserved and increased.
happiness, can smile away the tear While imagination bears this which real calamity has bid to important relation to intellectual flow; and when real existence and moral character, its influence presents no object on which hope on personal happiness must be can fix its gaze, but all around is proportionably powerful. One or dreary and forlorn, “ can rise on two facts, not necessarily arising imagination's wings above the out of the foregoing observations, dark and troubled horizon, which must be stated, in order to exhibit terminates earthly prospects,” to this truth in its full extent. wander undisturbed and happy
The boundless desires of the hu- amid harmony and repose. * man mind after novelty, render The individual, indeed, who is imagination eminently subservient placed in the mediocrity, both of to personal happiness. The con- external circumstance and of mentemplation of present objects, and tal state,--whose whole life has the reflections on those already been spent in sensible pursuits, passed, cannot be long satisfac- who has scarcely known a want, torily indulged. The field of visi. because he has scarcely a mind ble realities, however extensive, to want,-such an one can tell us varied, and rich, is too limited for but little of the pleasures of imathe soul's unwearied flight, and gination. But ask the unhappy for its boundless curiosity. The exile, who has been separated from aid of imagination, therefore, is all that he has held dear,-who solicited, which, with a hand as has suffered a rupture of every tie potent as it is ingenious, forms a of social tenderness, and is desnew creation, on whose enchanting tined to a long, and, to him, an scenery the mind can gaze with almost eternal solitude, - ask delight;-a scenery which soon such an one what are the blessings loses its beauty indeed, but loses of imagination? He can tell you it only in the rival charms of a how often, like some heavenly newer landscape.
messenger of mercy, it has visited The mind, too, not only seeks his lonely retreat, chased away novelty, but it loves perfection, the gloom of his dreariness, lighted In real life there is the perpetual up the beam of joy in the listless intervention of circumstances, and sunken eye, conducted him which interrupt a succession of back, as it were, to the scene of agreeable and felicitous incidents; his domestic enjoyment, there to and the benevolent Author of our experience, for a moment, all the existence seems to have provided raptures of real return, and all the this source of relief, among many extacies of recovered possession! others, a power to call off the Or ask the mariner the question, mind from a state of real imper- he who, while an almost measurefection to the ideal perfections less ocean has rolled between him which itself has erected. The ills and bis native shore, has still of life are often complicated and found himself at home in thought, severe, and it is as much the path at home, too, when that home has of wisdom lawfully to avoid them, been most dear and most happy, as, when unavoidable, with forti. -who, while winds and waves tude to support them. That indi. have beat around his fragile bark, vidual is at once to be envied and has felt ten thousand lively and imitated, who has learnt to forget tender thoughts entwine about his his present sufferings in the antici- heart, the more lively and the more tender from that very dis- . “ Your Majesty," said one of tance that separates, and that her statesmen, to Elizabeth of danger which threatens. , England, when she rallied him on
Such is the solace which ima. the smallness of his habitation gination is wont to afford to soli “ Your Majesty has made me too tude and to suffering; and next, big for my house.” There were perhaps, to the supreme consola- giants in those days! and men tions which religion affords, there like Burleigh and Walsingham is no more efficient antidote for might talk of their gigantic stathe ills of life than that which an ture, but when I am disposed to active and well-governed imagi- grumble at the narrow dimensions nation supplies. Next to religion of my domain, I can only venture have we said ? But may we not to intimate that my garden is not except the qualification, for .as- big enough for me. I should like suredly the most animating plea- to have a larger tract, and to exsures of religion itself are deduced periment on an extensive scale ; . from this very source. Some of the to have my various soils and my most exquisite joys of piety are de- sheltered aspects, stoves and rived from this very power which green-houses, with all the endless the mind has of picturing its pros- contrivances that horticultural inpects, and of imagining its eternal genuity has devised for transferring realities. True it is that the plea- to northern latitudes, the growth sures which fancy gives are un- and atmosphere of African and substantial and fleeting, but they Asiatic climes. In more senses are pleasures still, and they are than one,“ whatever is, is best ;” innocent pleasures, like the soft man was framed for nobler aims and chastened lightning which we than those of the mere botanist, have sometimes seen sporting in and, perhaps, if I were surrounded the horizon of an autumnal sky, by all that I sometimes covet in this which is as beautiful as it is mo- way, I should be neither a wiser, mentary, and as harmless as it is better, nor happier man. Here, both.'
I can at least say, I have enjoyed Birmingham.
A. P. T. many a peaceful hour, many a
season of “homcfelt delight;"
I have witnessed the innocent MY GARDEN
gaieties of my children, and even Is but a small one, and yet I the gambols of my dog have given have enjoyed in it more of gratifi- a charm to this endeared and cation than their hot-beds and tranquil spot. The scientific florist conservatories have given to the far would sneer at my humble and larger portion of the sons of wealth unpretending parterre. My vaand magnificence. The mountain- rieties would make a sorry figure ash, the laburnum, the thorn-aca, at a carnation-show or a tulipcia, the stag-horn, and the larch, feast, but, to my taste, or rather overshadow, with their blending to my feelings, they have a most foliage, an irregular grass-plat and attractive appearance where they a verdant slope; the pyracanthus are. The “ roses of the spring," and the ivy mantle my walls and the violet, and the jasmine, have windows; a winding walk and to me an hundred times the charm three or four flower beds occupy of those flaunting hybrids, the the remainder of my little terri- spoilt children of the horticulturist, tory, while a few plants of less tricked oụt in all the tawdry dies hardy temperament, find a tem- of an Indian loom. There are few porary, habitat in a sunny expo- things more offensive ,to my eye sure on a graduated stand. than the glowing display of flowers