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Agelaius phæniceus, (Vieillot.)

Hudson's Bay.
This showy bird winters in vast numbers in the southern parts

of the United States and Mexico. Its range to the north

does not pass the 57th parallel. Agelaius canthocephalus, (Bonap.),

From Hudson's Bay.
Turdus migratorius, (Linn.), (American Robin).

Severn House, Trout Lake Station.

The colour is unusually bright in the specimens received.
Seiurus Noveboracensis (Bonap.), (aquaticus, Sw.)

Severn House.
Anthus Ludovicianus, (Gmel.)

Hudson's Bay.
Sylvicola estiva, (Gmel.)

Hudson's Bay, Trout Lake Station, Severn House.

Known throughout the whole of the fur countries. Sylvicola striata (Gmel.), (Blackpoll Warbler).

Hudson's Bay, Trout Lake.
Sylvicola parus.

Severn House, Trout Lake.
Otocorys cornutus (Sw.), (Shore Lark).

York Factory, Severn House, &c.

Appears common.
Plectrophanes nivalis (Linn.), (Snow-Bunting).

Severn House, Trout Lake Station, Hudson's Bay.

Only goes to the south when the snow becomes deep.
Plectrophanes Lapponica, (Linn.)

Trout Lake Station and Severn House.
Like the last, is common to the northern regions of both Europe

and America, Plectrophanes pictus, (Sw.)

Severn House.
Seems scarcer than the others. Sir J. Richardson mentions

that he had only obtained one specimen. Three have been

sent to me. Zonotrichia leucophrys, (Gmel.)

Severn House, Hudson's Bay.
Zonotrichia albicollis, (Gmel.)

Hudson's Bay.
This species winters in the southern parts of the United States.

Among the Cree Indians it bears the euphonious appella

tion of Oochaechimmenaw-kaw-mawkaw-seesh. Spizella monticola (Gmel.), (Emberiza canadensis, Faun. B. Am.)

Severn House.
This bird winters in the United States.

Linota borealis = canescens (Gould).

Severn House.

The same bird known in this country as the Mealy Redpoll. Loxia leucoptera, (Gmel.)

Hudson's Bay, Severn House, and Trout Lake Station. Corythus enucleator (Linn.), (Pine Grosbeak).

Severn House. Scolecophagus ferrugineus, (Gmel.) Severn House, Trout Lake. The most northern species,-called Rusty Grakle by Americans. The male is not rusty, but the female has a ferruginous

tinge. Lanius septentrionalis, Gmel. = borealis of Vieillot, “ Orn. Amer.

Sept. ;" but he unfortunately gave the same name to a European bird in his “Faun. Franc. ;" Gmelin's name, therefore, should stand. It is very difficult to make out the birds of this genus; and there almost seems reason to look upon the American species as varieties of the European, but ornitholo

gists have accepted them as different. Trout Lake Station and Severn House. Tyrannus borealis (Sw.), (T. Cooperi, Bonap.)

Hudson's Bay. (One specimen.) A rare bird, and to be seen in very few col

lections.
Colaptes auratus, (Linn.)

Trout Lake and Hudson's Bay.
One of the woodpeckers; but as it feeds on ants, and therefore

does not require so much labour to get its food as the other
woodpeckers, its bill is less suited for such work. It is only

a summer visitant to the Fur countries. Apternus tridactylus, (Sw.)

Severn House.

(One specimen.) The common three-toed woodpecker. Lagopus albus (Gmel.) = L.subalpinus (Nils.), and L.saliceti(Less.),

of Europe ; and also =L. Scoticus of Britain. (Vide Jardine.)

In consequence of Sir William Jardine's desire to procure specimens of this species in the various states of plumage, to assist in elucidating the question which he has started, whether it is not the same as the common grouse of this country, I begged my correspondents to furnish me with a good series of specimens in their plumage at different seasons of the year, and a fine series of lovely skins, beautifully preserved, has accordingly been sent, which have proved of much use to Sir William in his inquiry. The above synonymy shows the result to which he has come.

I also particularly drew the attention of my friends to the white-tailed grouse in relation to its affinity to this species, but no specimens of it have as yet been received. Mr A. M'Donald, stationed at Little Whale River, however, writes me as follows on the subject :-“I am not aware that the white-tailed grouse is to be found in this locality. We have two sorts of the ptarmigan—the large one, which is generally found among the willows, is, I believe, the willow grouse. The other is much smaller, and confines itself almost entirely to the rocks.* This latter may be the white-tailed grouse to which you refer. I have never seen it in summer, and indeed they do not, I believe, make their appearance till after a considerable quantity of snow has fallen. They are of about the size of the common pigeon.” He adds, “ I will be able to procure good specimens of both these, and, if possible, in the various stages.” As specimens of this whitetailed grouse are exceedingly scarce in museums in Britain such a supply will be acceptable. Tetrao Canadensis, (Linn.)

Trout Lake and Hudson's Bay.
Tetrao phasianellus, (Linn.)

Trout Lake Station.
The Tetrao obscurus (Rich. and Sw.), or Dusky Grouse of the

Northern Zoology, has not yet been received.t
Porzana Carolina (Linn.), (Carolina Rail).

Severn House.
Pluvialis Virginiacus, (Borkh.)

Trout Lake Station and Severn House.
The American representative of our golden plover, specifically

distinguished from it by its lesser size, and the axillary
feathers being dusky, instead of white. Like our own golden

plover, this bird is highly prized as food. Charadrius semipalmatus, (Kaup.)

Trout Lake Station and Severn House. Plentiful in Arctic America. * This smaller bird, if not the white-tailed species, will be L, mutus (Leach). or common ptarmigan of Great Britain. The white-tailed bird cannot be mistaken, none of the tail feathers being black, as in the other two species.

| Tetrao obscurus (Say), and the Tetrao obscurus (Richard and Swain), Fauns B. Am., are quite distinct, and specimens of the latter from northern latitudes Are much wanted.

VOL. II.

Squatarola helvetica, (Linn.)

Severn House.
This may be looked upon as only a northern state of our grey

plover. My specimens are in full breeding plumage, and the
ground colour of all the upper parts nearly white; certainly

appears to be influenced by climate. Strepsilas interpres, (Linn.)

Hudson's Bay and Severn House.

A citizen of the world.
Grus Canadensis, (Temm.)

Trout Lake Station.
Botaurus lentiginosus (Montag.), (American Bittern).

Severn House.
Numenius Hudsonicus, (Lath.)

Severn House.
Tringa alpina, (Linn.)

Severn House. Totanus melanoleucus (Gmel.), (vociferus, Sab.) Severn House. The specimens received agree with Gmelin's description of the

breeding plumage, but differ somewhat from those usually

seen, which generally come farther from the south. Totanus flavipes, (Vieill.)

Severn House.
Limosa fedoa, (Linn.)

Hudson's Bay.
Limosa Hudsonica, (Lath.)

Severn House.
Phalaropus lobatus, (Ord.)

Severn House.
Anser hyperboreus (Gmel.), (Wavey ; Snowy Goose).

Moose Factory and Severn House.
Bernicla Canadensis (Linn.), (Cravat Goose; Canada Goose).

There are most probably more than one species confounded under the old name of Anas Canadensis of Linnæus, founded on the figures of Brisson, Catesby and Edwards, which all evidently refer to one species. Sir John Richardson mentions two Indian synonymes for it-viz., Neescah and Mistehay-neescah, besides that of Apisteeskeesh for Hutchin's goose, from whence we may, I think, legitimately infer that the Indians recognise two species at least, this being peculiarly a case where dependence may be placed on the observations of natives, the animals being one of the objects of their chase, and a knowledge of the habits and distinctions of different species being essential to their success in hunting them. Three skins have been received, which appear to belong to three different species ; the one of middle size being without doubt the true Canada goose. The smallest one differs in the form of the bill, which is more Bernicle-like ; it resembles B. Hutchinsii ; and Sir William Jardine informs me it agrees very exactly in size, &c., with a bird from Mexico, described by Cassin, from the Philadelphia Museum, under the name of parvipes. And he adds,— " Its being from Mexico is no drawback, the Philadelphia Museum possesses only one specimen, and that would be migratory." The largest specimen seems also distinct, and does not appear to have been described ; and as it is obvious that, whether it be really a new species or merely in a different state of plumage, it must, when it becomes known, be sooner or later described and made identifiable as a variety, if not as a species, I think I can do no harm in describing it, and giving it a provisional cognomen.

Bernicla leucoloma, (Murray). (Plate I.)
Beak black; head and greatest part of the neck black; chin

and throat white, the white extending upwards and backwards
beyond the ear coverts, and also extending downwards along
the under side of the neck almost to the end of the black por-
tion, but tapering away and becoming narrower and somewhat
interspersed with black feathers as it extends downwards; the
under eyelid broadly white; the white on the cheeks, &c.,
without black flecks; the black on the fore part of the head
and behind the white space flecked with white; the back and
the wing coverts, the secondaries and tertials light brown,
with lighter coloured edges to the feathers ; primaries dark
brown; tail feathers black; the rump black; upper tail
coverts white; lower part of the neck pale dirty lavender ;
upper part of breast still paler; lower part and belly almost
white, except a broad pale lavender-coloured band across the
middle, just before the tops of the thighs, or, perhaps, I
should rather express it as breast and belly pale lavender-
coloured, with a broad white band across the breast; vent
and under tail coverts white; legs and first phalanges pale
brown, probably paler when in life; remainder of the phalanges
and interdigital membranes bright yellow, sparingly spotted
here and there with black or brown. Length, 40 inches.

Its general appearance is very much the same as that of the

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