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INDEX.

Acharadria larynx, 378.

Beaver, American, 21.
Æquoria vitrina, reproduction of, 316. Beetles, eyeless, from Carniola and
Agelaius phæniceus, Vieill., 47.

Hungary, 88.
xanthocephalus, Bonap., 47. Bell (Rev. T. B.) Notes from the
Alauda alpestris, Linn., 1il.

neighbourhood of Stranraer, 143.
Alcedo ispida, 245.

Bernicla canadensis, Linn., 50.
Alcyonida, petrifaction of, 203.

leucolama, Murray, 51.
Alder (Joshua), on British Zoophytes. Hutchinsic? 53.

Ilydractinia areolata, n. sp. ; Atrac Bimeria vestita, 61.
tylis arenosa, n. sp., 314.

Birds, British, 44, 58, 69, 139, 244,
Anahyster calabaricus, Murray, 157.

259, 292, 317, 363, 420.
Anchovy on coast of Caithness, 257. of Caithness, 334.
Anderson (Dr John), on Phryzus of Heligoland, 82.
paguri, 374.

of Hudson's Bay Territories, 45,57.
- on Sacculina, 306.

Bison priscus, 77.
- on New Holothuria, 331. Bloch's Top-knot, taken near North
* Angwántibo," Perodicticus Calabar Berwick, 139.

ensis, J. A. Smith, of Old Calabar, Bos primigenius, 72, 77, 111.
Notice of, 172.

longifrons, 208.
Anas boschas, Linn., 54, 343, 420.

Bolaurus lentiginosus, Montag., 50.
clypeata, Linn., 110, 139.

stellaris, Selby, 364.
strepera, Linn., 110, 150.

Bovina, fossil, 71.
Anser canadensis, 52, 131.

Brown (Robert), on Astrophyton scu-
hyperboreus, Gmel., 50.

talum, 368.
Anthus Ludovicianus, Gmel., 47.

- on a foetal narwhal, 447.
Apternus tridactylus, Sw., 48.

- on Phocidæ of Greenland Seas,
Archibuteo sancti Johannis, Gmel., 45.1 communicated by, 391.
Arctomys empetra, Schreb., 21.

Bryson (Alex.), on danger of hasty
Argentine, 256.

generalization in geology, 85.
Astrophyton scutatum, 368.

— with reference to the so-called
Atractylis arenosa, T. S. Wright, 315, raised sea-beach at Leith, 430.
349.

- on tenacity of lifo in Buccinum
coccinea, T. S. Wright, 251.

coronatum, 89.
miniata, T. S. Wright, 351.

- on structure of pearl, 142.
palliata, T. S. Wright, 250.

- on silicification of organic
ramosa, T. S. Wright, 35.

bodies, 202.
repens, 250.

Buccinum coronatum, tenacity of life in,
Asio brachyotus, 46.

89.

Buteo lagopus, 44.
Balfour (Prof.), Opening Address (His- Buzzard, rough-legged, 44.
tory of Wernerian Society, &c.), 1.

- on the Birds of Heligoland, Calabaria fusca, 201.
communicated by, 82.

Carruthers (Wm.), geology of Moffat,
Banks (James), on Lantern-fly of 383.
Honduras, 102.

- on geology of Swellendam,
Beaver, habits of, 329.

| South Africa, 108.

35.

Custor Americanus, Brandt, 21. | Dendrophyra radiata, 276.
Cervus alces, Linn., 18.

Dubuc (Dr E. W., R.N.), on marine
Ceryle alcyon, Linn., 46.

animals from Ceylon, 249.
Chatospira maritima, T. S. Wright, 380. — on deep-sea soundings, 286.
Chalk-flints in Caithness, 159.
Chameleon tricornis, 149.

Edwards (A. M*K.), on inflammation
Charadrius semipalmatus. Kaup., 49. in fishes, 228.
Charlesworth (Edward), exhibited Electris from Old Calabar, 359.
specimens, 318.

Elliot (Walter, of Wolfelee), on drav.
Cheimatobia borearia, 260.

ings of Indian animals by Dative
Chimpanzee, 41, 156.

artists, 348.
Chimpanzee, skull of, from “ Devil- Engraulus encrasicolus, Flem., 257.
house,” Old Calabar, 41.

Eolidæ, thread-cells of, 38.
Chlamydosaurus Kingii, 318.
Chordeiles Virginiana, Briss, 46. Falco candicans, Gmel., 46.
Chough, The, 143, 145.

islandicus, Lath., 226.
Chromis Niloticus, Cuv., 359.

peregrinus, Gmel., 47.
Chrysaora, reproductive system of, 218. Felis catus ferus, 368.
development of Hydra tuba from, Fiber zibethicus, Cuv., 21.

Filaria in pearl-oyster, 101.
Circus cyaneus, Linn., 46.

Fishes, inflammation in, 228.
Clarias jugar, 361.

from Old Calabar, 259.
Nieuhoff, 361.

development of spawn of, 373.
Clangula albeola, Linn., 55.

Fleming (the late Professor), proposed
Claparède (Professor), on reproduction memorial to, 150.
of a medusa, 133.'

Fossils, Old Red Sandstone, from south
Clava nodosa, T. S. Wright, 378.

of Scotland, 36.
Clavula Gossii, 35.

Reptilian of Morayshire, 155.
Cleland (Dr John), on fishes from Old Old Red Sandstone of Forfar-
Calabar, 359.

shire, 195.
- on vomer in man and mam Ornithic, from New Zealand,
malia, 91.

164.
- on the serial homologies of the Fregilus graculus, 143, 145.
axis, atlas, and occipital bone, 221. Freya obstetrica, T. S. Wright, 379.
Clupea alba, in Firth of Forth, 130, stylifer, T. S. Wright, 379.
243.

producta, T. S. Wright, 380.
pilchardus, 289.

Fringilla montifringilla, 150.
Coelogenys paca, skeleton of, 138. Fulica atra, 343.
Colaptes auratus, Linn., 48,

Fuligula affinis, Yarr., 55.
Colymbus arcticus, 56.

cristata, 343.
glacialis, 56.

rufina, 420.
Comatula Woodwardii, Barret, 86.
Corethria sertulariæ, 30.

| Galago murinus, Murray, 157.
Corvus Americanus, Audub., 46. Garveia nutans, T. S. Wright, 62.
Coryne implexa, Alder, 59.

Gätke (W. H.), on birds of Heligoland,
margarica, Wright, 61.

82.
Corythus enucleator, Linn., 48.

Goldie (Rev. Hugh), on silk bags
Crex porzana, 292.

formed by insects at Old Calabar,
Curruca atracapilla, 342.

87.
Cycloid fish, capture of, in Bay of Goodsirea mirabilis, T. S. Wright, 80.
San Francisco, 138.

Goose, Canadian or Cravat, 50, 131.
Cygnus Bewickiä, Yarr., 259.

Gorilla, skull of, 348.
Cypselus opus, Flem., migration of, 144. remarks on, 42,

Griffithides mucronatus, M.Coy, 253.
Dafila acuta, Linn., 54.

Gromia oviformis, 82.
caudacuta, 44.

Grouse, hybrid, 44, 245, 364.
Dassauville (P. A.), exhibits speci-| Grus Canadensis, Temm., 50.

mens of rarer British birds, 110, 259.
Dendronessa sponsa, Linn., 55.

Halcampa Fultoni, T. S. Wright, 193.
Dendrophrya erecta, 276.

| Halichondria ventilabrum, 227.

Haliætus albicilla, 345.

| Lincta borealis, 48.
Hare, Alpine, 20.

Livingston (John S.), on metamor-
Hargitt (Edward), exhibited wild cat, phism in mineral kingdom, 267.
368.

Livingstone (Dr), extracts of a letter
Harelda glacialis, Linn., 55.

from, 131.
Heterobranchus from Old Calabar, 361. - expedition, memorial on be-
Heligoland, birds of, 82.

half of, 133.
Helix virgata, tenacity of life in, 90. | Lizzia, reproduction of, 133.
Hemitrygon Ukpam, J. A. Smith, 69. Logan (George), reports of Dredging
Hippocrene Britannica, development of, Committee, and on Gadus minutus,
35.

443.
Hippopotamus amphibius, Linn., 158. - on white bait in Firth of Forth,
Holothuria edulis, 249.

130.
new form of, 331.

- on herring and sprat fishery of
Homologies of articular surfaces of Firth of Forth, 130, 240, 288, 442.
axis, atlas, and occipital bone, 221.

notice of snakes and lizards
Hudson's Bay Territories, natural his from Old Calabar, 199.
tory of, 15, 45.

Logan (Robert F.), on Canada goose
Hunter (Rev. Robert), on markings on shot at Duddingston, 131.
Old Red Sandstone slabs, 163.

- on Vanessa polychloros and
Hydra tuba, development of, from | Cheimatobia borearia, 260.
Chrysaora, 35.

- on Indian insects, 372.
Hydractinia, 283, 314.

Loxia curvirostra, Penn., 363.
Hypocala, larva of, 372.

leucoptera, Gmel., 48.

pityopsittacus, 342.
Insects, Indian, 372.

Lutra Canadensis, 26.

Jardine (Sir William, Bart.), on Ame- Manatus Senegalensis, Desmar., 168, 261.
rican Ptarmigan, 48, 57.

Mareca Americana, Steph., 54.
- on birds from Hudson's Bay, 57. Marine Zoology Committee, reports

of, 130, 240, 442.
Kelaart (Dr E. F.), on pearl banks of Markings on Old Red Sandstone slabs,
Arippo, Ceylon, 101.

163.
Kionistes retiformis, 91, 277.

Marmot, Quebec, 21.

Mackenzie (J.), on American reindeer,
Labrus bergylta, 149.

16.
Lagopus albus, and synonyms, 48.

- on the habits of the beaver, 329.
Lagotia obstetrica, T. S. Wright, 379. M.Bain (Dr James, R.N.), on tenacity
producta, 26.

of life in Helix virgata, 90.
reproduction in, 28.

--on fossil Nautilus from Sheppy,
Lamna cornubica, Cuv., 258.

103.
Lanius excubitor, 44, 110, 227, 245.

- on so-called raised sea-beach
septentrionalis, Gmel., 48.

at Leith, 105, 422.
Lantern-fly from British Honduras, on osteological remains from a
36, 102.

Pict's house in Harris, 141, 207.
Laomedea decipiens, T. S. Wright, 352. - on bones of a Moa (Palapteryx)
Larus argentatus, Gmel., 56.

from New Zealand, 164.
eburneus, 57.

- remarks on British sponges,
glaucus, Temm., 259, 347.

233.
ridibundus, 343.

- on skulls of Manatees from Old
zonorhynchus, Richard, and Sw., 56. Calabar and Bay of Honduras, 261,
Leaf insect, A new, 146.

- on development of fish-spawn,
Lecythia elegans, T. S. Wright, 277. 373.
Lepus timidus, albino of, 363.

Medusa, reproduction of a, 133.
glacialis, Leach, 20.

Mergulus alle, 347.
Lepidodendron, with Lepidostrobus at. Mergus albellus, 247.
tached, 38.

cucullatus, Linn., 56.
Lestris cephus, Brunnich, 56.

serrator, Linn., 56.
Limosa fedoa, Linn., 50.

Meteoric Iron found in Roxburghshire,
Hudsonica, Lath., 50.

396.

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Merkel's muscle, 135.

Onuphis tubicola, 162.
Merlangus virens, 241.

Ophiocoma granulata, 382.
Metamorphism in mineral kingdom, neglecta, 63.
267.

rosula, 63.
Miller (the late Hugh), on Ctenodus bellis, hooked spines on, 382.

and Dipterus of Old Red Sandstone, Ophideres, larva of, 372.
37.

Ophiura, new to Britain, 86.
– museum of, 151.

Ophryodendron abietinum, 216.
Mitchell (J. M.), remarks on Cuvier's Reproduction of, 274.

statements regarding the herring, Orthagoriscus mola, 258.
269.

Osborne (Henry), on ornithology of
- on difference between the Caithness, 341.
young herring and the sprat, 374. Otocorys cornutus, Sw., 47.
Moffat, geology of, 383.

Otter, American, 26.
Monochirus linguatulus, Cuv., 241, 257. ) British, 244.
Monodon monoceros, 447.

new genus from Old Calabar,
Moose deer, 18.

157.
Morrhua minuta, in Firth of Forth, 443. Oxytricha longicaudata, 381.
Murray (And.) Opening Address, 117. Pagan monuments in Outer Hebrides,

on Nat. Hist. of Hudson's Bay, 352.
15, 45.

Page (David), on new fossil forms
- on eyeless beetles, 88.

from Old Red Sandstone of Forfar-
- on progress of entomology, 120. shire, 195.

- on large cycloïd fish of San Pagophila brachytarsus, 58.
Francisco Bay, 138.

Palapteryx, bones of, 165.
- on supposed meteoric stone Pancreas, human, on examination of,
from Hudson's Bay, 138.

151.
— notice of a new leaf-insect, 146. Parus ater, 342.

description of new Sertula- | Parasites on Crustacea, 306, 374.
riadæ, 146.

Parietal bones, abnormality in, 421.
- notice of Chameleon tricornis, 149. Passer montanus, 69.
- on fauna of Old Calabar, 156. Peach (C. W.), on cbalk flints of the
Mus leucopus, Rafin, 24.

Island of Stroma, 159,
Muscicapa parva, 82.

- note on Onuphis tubicola, 162.
Musk rat, 21.

- on nidus of Pontobdella and

other annelides, 195.
Nautilus, on a fossil from Island of - - on argentine, anchovy, and
Sheppy, 103.

other fishes, 256.
Nemertes, ova of, 198.

- on spines on Ophiocoma, 63, 382.
Nucula decussata, 105.

--- on nullipores and sponges in
Nullipores in boulder clay, 98.

boulder-clay of Caithness, 98.
Numenius Hudsonicus, Lath., 50. Pearl banks of Arippo, Ceylon, 101.
phæopus, 346.

structure of, 142.
Nyctea niven, Daud., 46.

Pelecanus erythrorhynchus, Gmel., 56.

Perdir cinereus, 227.
Office-bearers for Session 1858-59, 38. Periosoreus Canadensis, Linn., 46.
1859–60, 132.

Perodicticus Calabarensis (the “Ang-
- 1860-61, 228.

| wántibo"), J. A. Smith, 172.
- 1861-62, 318.

Petrel, The Stormy, 144.
Oidemia Americana, Linn., 56.

Petromyzon marinus, 248.
nigra, 139.

Phalaropus lobatus, Ord., 50.
perspicillata, Flem., 55.

Phasianus colchicus, 59.
velvetina, Cassin., 55.

torquatus, 59.
Old Calabar, mammals of, 157. Pheasant, hen, with plumage of male
- “Angwántibo" of, 172.

58.
- Chimpanzee, skull from, 41. Phoca Greenlandica, Mull., 392.

- snakes and lizards from, 199. hispida, Mull., 393.
fishes from, 359.

leonina, 0. Fabr., 393.
“ Ukpam,Hemitrygon ukpam, leporina, 394.
J. A. Smith, from, 64.

| Phænicura suecica, 82.

107.

Phryzus paguri, 374

| Sacculina Triangularis, Dr Anderson,312.
Pict's house, osteological remains from, Salpistes castaneus, 33.
141, 207.

Mülleri, 32.
Picus major, Penn., 227, 363.

Sciurus Noveboracensis, Bonap., 47.
Pike, voracity of, 44.

Scolecophagus ferrugineus, Gmel., 48.
Pilchard, in Firth of Forth, 445. Scopelus Humboldtii, Cuv., 256.
Pinnotheres, 249.

Scalops canadensis, Cuv.? 25.
Pintail duck exhibited, 44.

Scymnus borealis, 443.
Plectrophanes Lapponica, Linn., 47. Sertularia corniculata, Murray, 148.
nivalis, Linn., 47.

labrata, Murray, 147.
pictus, Sw., 47.

tricuspidata, Murray, 147.
Plinian Society, early members of, 3. Sertulariado, new, from coast of Cali-
Plumularia gracilis, Murray, 148.

fornia, 146.
strathionides, Murray, 148.

Serpula filograna, near the Bass, 443.
Pluvialis Virginiacus, Borkh., 49. Shark, Greenland, 443.
Podiceps auritus, 367.

Shearer (R. I.), on ornithology of
cristatus, Penn., 365.

Caithness, 334.
cornutus, 56, 367.

Shrew-Mole? 25.
Podiceps rubricollis, 366.

Shrike, great grey, 44, 110, 227, 245.
Polarizing prisms of nitrate of potash, Silicification of organic bodies, 202.

Smith (Dr John Alex.), notes on Old
Pontobdella muricata, nidus of, 196. | Red Sandstone fossils, 36.
Portuguese man-of-war, 249.

- specimen of lantern-fly, 36.
Porzana Carolina, Linn., 49.

- on skull of chimpanzee, 41.
Presidents' Addresses :-

- notices of the rarer British
Professor Balfour, 1.

birds, 44, 58, 69, 110, 139, 244, 259,
A. Murray, 117.

292, 347, 363, 420..
W. Rhind, 211.

con “Ukpam" from Old Calabar,
Dr T. S. Wright, 295.

64.
Prince-Consort, address of condolence - on Bos primogenius in Museum
on the death of, 328.

of Antiquaries of Scotland, 111.
Procellaria pelagica, 144.

- notice of British fishes, 139.
Protozoa, new, Dr Wright on, 26.

on “Angwántibo," 172.
Pseudo-steatite, 445.

- notice of sea lamprey, 248.
Pycnogon larvæ, 440.

on æquoreal pipe-fish, 291.

- on meteoric iron from Rox-
Querguedula Americana, Linn., 55. burglishire, 396.
caudacuta, 247.

- on albino of common hare, 363.
strepera, 150.

- description of aquoreal pipe-

fish, 139, 291, 438.
Raia M Coyii, W. S. Young, 417. Somateria V. nigrum, Gray, 54.
Rangifer caribou, 15.

Sorex parvus, Say, 25.
Reindeer, 15.

Forsteri, Rich., 26.
Rhind (Wm.) Opening address, 211. Spizella monticola, Gmel., 47.
- exhibits coal fossils, 38. Sponges, remarks on British, 233.

- on reptilian fossils of Moray- Squatarola helvetica, Linn., 50.
shire, 155.

Squirrel, Note on the, 361.
Rhinomus soricoides, Murray, 169. Stenops (Perodicticus) Potto, 157.
Rhizopodal structure, 251.

Stentor castaneus, 33.
Rhizopoda, reproductive elements of, Mülleri, 32.
270.

Sterna arctica, Temm., 56, 343.
Rhombus hirtus, Yarr., 258.

Hirundo, Linn., 56.
punctatus, Bloch, 139.

nigra, Linn., 56.
Rhynchaspis clypeata, Linn., 54. Stewart (John A.), on natural history
Robb (Rev. Alex.), on Angwántibo, 172. of west coast of Ross-shire, 86.
Ross-shire, natural history of west Stirling (A.), notice of pike, 44.
coast, 86.

Strepsilas interpres, Linn., 50.

Strix Tengmalmi, Temm , 244.
Sacculina carcino, Thomps., 311. Surnia funerea, Gmel., 46.
inflata, 306, 313.

Sylvia cærulicula, 82.

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