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"In May, when sea-winds pierced our solitudes,
I found the fresh rhodora in the woods,
Made the black waters with their beauty gay;
And court the flower that cheapene his array.
Why thou wert there, oh rival of the rose'!
But in my simple ignorance suppose
The self-rame Power that brought me there', brought you'." 11. In Scotland the poorer people cover their cabins with heath, and the hardy Highlanders often make their beds of it; hence frequent allusions to these facts occur in Scottish poetry. In Scott's Lady of the Lake, Ellen, the maid of the Highlands, thus addresses the errant3 Fitz James :
“ Nor think you unexpected come
To yon lone isle, our desert home;
This morn a couch was pull'd for you ;" and when the stranger was hospitably introduced to her father's hall, it was through the porch to which
"Wither'd heath and rushes dry
Supplied a russet canopy;" and further, the poet, still drawing a faithful picture of Highland life, tells us that, after every courteous rite had been paid,
“The stranger's bed Was there of mountain hĒather spread,
Where oft á hundred guests had lain,
. And dream'd their forest sports again." i Written both Jās'-MỈNE and JĚs'-8A-MĪNE; 2 WHÖR'-TLE-BĚR-RY (huuri-tl-běr-e). chiefly the former in poetry.
3 ÉR'-RANT, wandering ; roving.
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF FLOWERS. The psychology of flowers has found many students, than whom not one read them more deeply than that mild spirit (Shelley) who sang of the sensitive plant, and in wondrous music foreshadowed his own misdirected genius and his melancholy fate. That martyr to sensibility, Keats, who longed to feel the flowers growing above him, drew the strong inspiration of his volant? muse from those delicate creations which exhibit the passage of inorganic matter into life; and other poets will have their sensibilities awakened by the æsthetics of flowers, and find a mirror of truth in the crystal dew-drop which clings so lovingly to the purple violet.-Hunt's Poetry of Science.
1 Psy-CHÕL'-0-GY, the doctrine of the mind 3 Æg-THET'-ICS, the science which treats of or soul, as distinct from the body.
the beautiful; the philosophy of the fine 2 Võ'-LANT, “flying ;" active; airy.
LES. XII.-LABIATE AND TRUMPET-FLOWER FAMILIES.
[EXOGENOUS or DICOTYLEDONOUS; Angiosperms; Monopetalous.]'
Labiate Family. 1. Eccremocar' pus longifio'rus, Long-flowered eccremocarpus, xiii. 2, or., 6 f., Jl.-Au., Peru. 2. Chelo'ne centranthifo'lia, California trumpet-flower, xiii. 2, .Sc., 7 f., Jl.-Au, Cal. 3. Bigno'nia grandiflo'ra, Large bignonia, xiii. 2, or., 30-100 f. (cultivated), Jl.-Au., - 4. Binno'nia echina'ta, xiii. 2, pk., 30 f., Guiana. 5. Catalpa cordifo'lia, Common catalpa, ii. 1, w. and y., 20 f., Jn.-Au., N. Am. 6. Sal'via fullgens, Scarlet salvia, ii. 1, FC , 5 f., Au.-0., Mexico. 7. Lavan'dula stoechas, French lavender, xiii. 1, li., 18 in. My.Jl., S. Europe. 8. Maru'bium vulga're, Common horehound, xiii. 1, w., 2 f., Jn.-S., N. Am. 9. Thy'mus serpyllum, Wild thyme,'xiii. 1, pu., 3 in., Jn.-Au., Europe. 10. ('hy'mus vulga'ris, Garden thyme, xiii. 1, pu., 12 in., My.-Au., cultivate
1. The plants of the Labiate family, which number nearly twenty-four hundred species, are easily distinguished by the
labiate or lip-like form of their monopetalousl corollas. Natives, chiefly, of temperate regions, they are found in abundance in hot, dry, exposed situations, in meadows, groves, and by the wayside, and but seldom in marshes. They are, for the most part, fragrant and aromatic ;? some, as the sage, hyssop, thyme, 3 and savory, are
valuable as kitchen herbs, for sauces, 1, a trumpet-flower, Biano'nia riges'cens. 2, a labiat: flower,Gar- and flavoring cooked dishes; some, den sage.
like the mints, lavenders, and rosemary, are employed by perfumers; others, like the exotic salvias, are admired and extensively cultivated for their beauty.
2. Many of the plants of this family were formerly deemed valuable as medicines, and frequent allusions to their medicinal virtues are made by the poets. Thus rosemary was formerly recommended for diseases of the nervous system, for the removal of headaches, and also for strengthening the memory. Hence the allusion of Shakspeare, “ There's rosemary : that's for remembrance." With the Greeks, the plant thyme was the emblem of activity, doubtless because its honeyed fragrance made it a favorite with all the cheerful, busy little tenants of the air, who are continually on the wing around it, making the most of the brief time allotted to their ephemeral existence.
3. The Trumpet-flower family, which consists of trees, shrubs, or occasionally herbs, often twining or climbing, most abounds in tropical regions; but native species are found in our country as far northward as Pennsylvania; and others, like the catalpa-tree, and the bignonias, are cultivated still farther north. The various species are most celebrated for the great beauty of their trumpet-shaped flowers, which, from their large size, gay colors, and great abundance, are often among the most striking objects in a tropical forest. 1 MON-O-PĚT'-AL-OUS, having a corolla of a|2 AR-O-MĂT'-1€, spicy; strong-scented. single pětal.
13 THYME (pronounced time).
LESSON XIII.-FOREST TREES. 1. I Am fond of listening to the conversation of English gentlemen on rural concerns, and of noticing with what taste and discrimination, and with what strong, unaffected interest, they will discuss topics which, in other countries, are abandoned to mere woodmen or rustic cultivators. I have heard a noble earl descanti on park and forest scenery with the science and feeling of a painter. He dwelt on the shape and beauty of particular trees on his estate with as much pride and technical precision as though he had been discussing the merits of statues in his collection. I found that he had gone considerable distances to examine trees which were celebrated among rural amateurs ;? for it seems that trees, like horses, have their established points of excellence, and that there are some in England which enjoy very extensive celebrity from being perfect in their kind.
2. There is something nobly simple and pure in such a taste. It argues, I think, a sweet and generous nature to have this strong relish for the beauties of vegetation, and this friendship for the hardy and glorious sons of the forest. There is a grandeur of thought connected with this part of rural economy. It is, if I may be allowed the figure, the heroic line of husbandry. It is worthy of liberal, and free-born, and aspiring men. He who plants an oak looks forward to future ages, and plants for posterity. Nothing can be less selfish than this. He can not expect to sit in its shade nor enjoy its shelter : but he exults in the idea that the acorn which he has buried in the earth shall grow up into a lofty pile, and shall keep on flourishing, and increasing, and benefiting mankind long after he shall have ceased to tread his paternal fields.-W. IRVING. 1 DES-EXNT', discourse upon; make a varie-12 AM-A-TETR', an unprofessional cultivator ty of remarks.
I of a study or art.
LESSON XIV.—THE OAK FAMILY.
1. Quercus phel'los, Willow oak, xix. 12, (ap.), 60 f., My.-Jn., N. Am. 2. Q. vi'rens, Live oak, xix. 12, (ap.), 40 f., My., - 3. Q. imbrica'ta, Shingle oak, xix. 17, (ap.), 40 f., My.-Jn., N. Am. 4. Q. bi'color, White swamp oak, xix. 12, (ap.), 60 f., My., N. Am. 5. Q. alba, White oak, xix. 12, ap.), 80 f., My., N. Am. 6. Q. ru'bra, Red oak, xix. 12, (ap.), 70 f., My., N. Am. 7. Casta'nea ves'ca, Common chestnut, xix. 12, g., 60 f., My.Jn., N. Am. 8.' 08'trya vulga'ris, Hop hornbeam, xix. 12., (ap.), 30 f., My.-Jn., Italy. (The American hornbeam has an acute bud, and more pointed leaves.) 9. Fa'gus ferrugin'ea, Red beech, xix. 12, (ap.), 50 f., My.-Jn., N. Am. 10. Pla'tanus occidenta'lix, butt n-wood, sycamore, or plane-tree, xix. 12, (ap.), 70 f., A.--My., N. Am.
The monarch oak, the patriarch of the trees,
Three centuries he growe, and three he stays
Excels all trees that in the forest grow:
To which such signal benefits we owe.
From noontide sun, or from the drenching rain;
To sweep rich cargoes o'er the watery main." 3. The illustrious Oak family includes not only the trees usually called oak, but also the chestnut, beech, hornbeam or iron-wood, and hazel or filbert. It embraces two hundred and sixty-five species, mostly forest trees of great size. According to ancient legends, the fruit of the oak served as pourishment for the early race of mankind. This tree was said to have shaded the cradle of Jupiter after his birth on Mount Lycæus, in Arcadia, and, after that, to have been consecrated to him.
4. Among the Romans, the highest reward was the civic crown, made of oak leaves, given to him who had saved the life of a citizen in battle.
Most worthy of the oaken wreath
The ancients him esteemed
Some man of worth redeemed.-DRAYTON. The person who received it was entitled to wear it at all public spectacles, and to sit next to the senators; and when he entered crowned with oak leaves, the audience rose up as a mark of respect.
5. By the early inhabitants of Britain, also, the oak was held in great veneration, and it was within its consecrated groves that
“The Druid, erst his solemn rites performed,
And taught to distant realms his sacred lore."
" It seems idolatry with some excuse!,
Of fruit proscribed', as to a refuge fled!." 6. The white oak, red oak, and live oak are the most im portant species, the timber of the latter being the best for ship-building. The live oak grows in the Southern States, within twenty miles of the sea-coast, and may be seen as far