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the army is out of the limits of the pro- | tally mistaken as to the price on the spot, vince; but through the whole conduct of the current average price being ls. 9 d., the last campaign that commander was not 2s. 8.d.; that the fullest value, taking unhandsomely used--and it is to continue. freight, insurance, brokerage, agency, and Nor, Sir, will the operations there be in leakage, of rums delivered in America, of future so smooth : consider what was the growth of Jamaica, would fall somedone; general Carleton destroyed twelve thing short of 4s. instead of 6s. or 5s. 3d. of fifteen of the enemy's vessels on the He thought the whole transaction, relative lake the 19th of June, but he was then to the rum contracts, wore a very slovenly unable to proceed. Does he know that and suspicious appearance ; that it was the 19th of June is a very early opening of too late in the session for the House to a campaign there, and if he then could not take up the subject ; but, he trusted, it proceed, why is he now, after the Ameri- would resume its ancient right of checkcans have had so much time to repair their ing the public accounts, already given in, losses? It will be no such easy matter. early in the next; that they would call for Yet the feet which he built there cost evidence at the bar, in order to substitute millions to this country--so much, that facts for the assertions indiscriminately we shall never have the particulars. To bandied about from the opposite side of me it appears clear, that the Americans the House ; that if some such measure had the advantage in all the great leading should not be adopted, this country must features of the campaign-the evacuation be undone by the contracting tribe. The of Boston, general Carleton's retiring at noble lord had said, he had no gain by the close of it, too weak to attack Ticon-contracts : he believed him; but the misa derago, and general Howe not being able chief might be completely effected, withto bring Washington to an action, but ex- out his lordship's sharing in the spoil. His tending his lines till they were all driven lordship was surrounded by a troop of back about his ears. Through the whole runners, dependants, &c. which was the of these circumstances, we have had no- most expensive of all troops that could thing to boast.
possibly be kept in pay, The Resolutions were then agreed to. Lord Mulgrave said, from what he could
learn from the mode of contracting adoptMay 22. Lord North took occasion to ed by the navy, the contracts now so seobserve, that several reports had been pro- verely condemned were made upon very pagated, as if the Treasury board had proper and advantageous terms, all cirmade disadvantageous contracts, particu- cumstances considered. larly in the article of rums, contracted for Mr. T. Townshend said, it was one of the use of the troops serving in America; the prime privileges of that House, and and that a partiality had been practised, in became an essential part of its duty, as giving a preference to some persons, on connected with the power of granting mo
account of their connections and public ney, to watch the minister in the disposal · situations. He totally disclaimed the most of it, and check its expenditure. It
distant intention of the latter; and assured was a part of their business in that House, the House, if he had entered into any con- and the leading object of their assembling, tracts, at an improper rate, it was not done to call the minister to an account for the with design. He had, however, enquired treasure committed to his charge. Matmore minutely into the matter, and found ters of a very doubtful nature appeared, the contrary to be the fact. He said, the which, if not cleared up in due time, he contract for rum might be made for about hoped that House would discharge its 28. 8.d. on the spot; that this was lower duty, by properly exercising, and, if nethan what was paid by the Navy-board ; cessary, exerting its power in discovering that agents were employed in Jamaica and the truth. America, to see the rums shipped and un- Mr. Montagu said, immense sums had shipped and delivered ; that when cooper- been granted; the most boundless confi. age, insurance, freight, and 8 per cent. dence had been reposed in the minister ; brokerage, besides ullage, were taken into and it behoved him to give the House the account, the whole would be little every satisfaction in his power. short of 6s. per gallon ; which was consi- Sir Edward Astley said, he had strong derably more than what government en- reasons to fear, that the most shameful acts gaged to pay, by their highest contract. of public prodigality had been permitted, Colonel Barré said, his lordship was to if not encouraged, by persons in authority.
The King's Message for a Vote of Cre- cil of Madras. His facts, his detail, his dit.] May 21. Lord North presented arguments, and deductions, were uniformly the following Message ;
directed to establish two leading points.
One was, that the nabob of Arcot, by his “ GEORGE R. “ His Majesty, relying on the expe; powerful arguments used by that prince,
instruments in this country, and by the rienced zeal and affection of his faithful of which his ambassadors were the bearers Commons, and considering, that, during and enforcers, had formed a very powerful the present troubles in North America, emergencies may arise, which may be of party in his favour; the other, that by si
milar means and arguments, and agents of the utmost importance, and be attended with the most dangerous consequences, if
similar size and talents, he had been able proper means should not be immediately to form a party in his favour in the council applied to prevent or defeat them, is de at Madras. Though the objects were two
fold, and seemingly distinct, the end prosirous, that this House will enable him to defray any extraordinary expences incur.
posed was the same ; the disgrace of lord red, or to be incurred, on account of mili- Pigol, as the first necessary step to the tary services, for the year 1777, and as the of acquiring possession of Tanjore. There
advancement of the nabob's interest, that exigency of affairs may require: and his Majesty doubts not but that his faithful must be an union of sentiments and inCommons will enable him to make good this favourite scheme. The act of the
terests, both here and in India, to effect the charges attending the calling in and
council alone might answer a temporary recoining the deficient gold coin, in pursuance of an act of parliament passed in purpose; but as soon as government was the 14th year of his reign, which remain restored, justice would be done; the unsatisfied, and which cannot at this time usurpers would be disgraced and punish
the nabob would be disappointed; and be ascertained.”
Tanjore would be restored to its lawful soIn consequence of this Message, the sum vereign. Take the event in another point of one million was granted.
of view: if administration, operated upon
by the same powerful arguments of the Debate in the Commons on the Affairs of vabob's agents here, had raised a faction the East India Company.*] May 21. The among the proprietors to support that House resolved itself into a Committee of prince's pretensions to Tanjore; and by the whol.. House, on the Affairs of the their cabals in Leadenhall-street, had preEast India Company.
vailed either on the court of directors, or Governor Johnstone opened the busi- the general court, to send out counter orness, by recapitulating the eminent ser- ders to lord Pigot not to execute the first, vices of lord Pigot, when he formerly but undo what he had done, still the resto commanded as a military officer in the ration of the rajah would have been efEast Indies. He pointed out the several fected, the business would have been altransactions his lordship had distinguished ready done, by the full and complete cohimself in; and closed his character by at- operation of the council : so that a change tributing to his prowess, military skill, and of measures diametrically opposite to several other great and amiable qualities, those just executed, would be dangerous that we now possessed a foot of territory or impracticable; and the views of the in Asia, er perhaps even a permission to nabob would have been defeated in eitrade there. From establishing his lord- ther event. But government having been ship's character on the highest pinnacle of brought over here, co-operated with the that species of fame, which is supported faction in council at Madras ; and by its equally by the mild as the heroic virtues, influence in Leadenhall-street, prevailed the governor took a view of the state of on the proprietary to endanger their own affairs in India, beginning at the system interest, from motives of immediate congrowing out of the treaty of Paris in 1762, venience, and by that means to disgrace and ending with the latest dispatches re- an honourable and able servant, and sacri- . ceived, either from lord Pigot or the coun- fice the rights of a faithful ally, to objects
the most base, mean, and ignoble. * For an account of the Revolution at Ma. After going over this ground, he addras, and of the transactions previous or rela- verted to the facts, on which the business tive to the deposing and imprisonment of lord of the day depended. He said, though Pigot, see Annual Register for 1777, p. 94. the council seemingly unanimous, agreed [VOL. XIX. ]
to the restoration of the rajah of Tanjore It is true, his lordship did receive a few to his dominions, they secretly disapproved trifling presents; he wished he had not. of the measure. He pointed out some in. They consisted of a cow, an elephant, two stances, which proved this assertion be- mares, and a gold tea service, to the yond question. One in particular he dwelt amount of 500l. which he presented to his upon. The former minister of the rajah, daughter, then lately married. He prewhen his country was delivered up to the sumed no man would say these were bribes nabob, with his master's consent, became received on the condition of sacrificing the collector, or treasurer, of all the revenues interests of the Company, or the honour of the nabob. The royal revenues are, in of the nation. The contrary was well the east, in fact, the rent or produce of known; it was, indeed, ridiculous to dwell the land; the princes in the east being the upon it. His lordship might have almost sole land-owners, or owners of the soil. any thing he could wish or desire, if he This man had lived in the above capacity, had consented to co-operate in the views in the court of Tanjore, for fifty years. of the nabob. The attempts made both in When, therefore, lord Pigot restored the India and here were no secret, whatever rajah, the nabob refused to permit the the real success of such attempts, in some treasurer to render up his trust to his old instances, might be. If, however, the facts master, and commanded him to return to could not be proved, the general effects of him immediately with his accounts. The corruption were manifest. The governor treasurer looked upon himself
as a servant was very jocular on the persuasive powers to the nabob, and was returning accord of the worthy baronet below him, (sir H. ing to his instructions. But, the docu- Mackworth) and the miraculous effects of ments in the possession of the treasurer his voice, in calling and collecting together answering the end of title deeds, lord persons from the most distant part of the Pigot demanded them for the use of the kingdom, from the dock-yards of Portsrajah, and on the minister's refusal, or- mouth, Chatham, and Plymouth; from dered him to be apprehended. The order Bristol, Liverpool, Newcastle, and the was not executed by the persons entrusted county of Huntingdon; to do what? The till the minister had entered into the na- most extraordinary of all extraordinary bob's territories, out of those of the rajah. things, to reinstate lord Pigot in his This was the great crime urged by the vernment, and forthwith to recall him. nabob and his agents against lord Pigot, He pointed out the absurdity of the resoas a breach of the amity subsisting be- lution carried for reinstating lord Pigot ; tween the Company and nabob; and of and instantly recalling him, and all those the treaty of Paris, in which his rights engaged in the subversion of government, were specially reserved; and this com- under one general charge of public delinplaint being countenanced by the council, quency. Before he sat down, he said, he shewed plainly, among a thousand other should move some resolutions; and, if carproofs, that the nabob was not so much ried, would follow them with a motion, displeased with lord Pigot for seizing the that the chairman do move the House, for rajah's minister in the Carnatic, as for re- leave to bring in a Bill for the better sestoring that injured prince to his domi- curing our settlements in the East Indies. nions in obedience to his instructions from The governor then moved six Resolutions ; the Company. Besides, his lordship was the first, approving in strong terms of lord entirely innocent if the act had been as Pigot’s conduct as governor of Madras ; criminal as represented, for his orders were the second, approving of the conduct of to seize him in the territories of Tanjore, the court of directors; the third, the reand not elsewhere; the treasurer's local solution of the court of proprietors of the change was neither thought of or foreseen 11th of April; the fourth, approving of by his lordship; so that if it was an infrac- the first part of the resolution of the 9th tion of treaty, or the laws of nations, his of May, for restoring lord Pigot; the fifth, lordship stood equally innocent, within the for disapproving of that part of the resoletter, as the spirit, for he issued no orders lution which orders his recall; and the to apprehend him in the nabob's country. sixth, approving of the recall of the coun
The governor took notice of the scán- sellors, whose names are mentioned in said dalous means made use of to vilify lord resolution, Pigot, and depreciate his character through
Mr. G. Rous seconded the governor. the channel of the newspapers. In parti- He maintained, that the interference of cular, respecting the article of presents. administration, even independent of its
power and influence in Leadenhall-street, faction is formed in India, to counteract had reached India, and would probably and defeat the instructions of the court effect as much mischief in the latter place of directors. To let matters rest there, as in the former. This, he said, had been would be only doing things by halves ; brought about by more ways than one ; the new influence created in the country but chiefly by the commission from the must be cherished and strengthened, by crown, enabling certain persons therein encouraging appeals to Europe. The named to be plenipotentiaries, to treat nabob employs his agents and ambassawith the country powers, and enter into dors; they conceal themselves for a while, treaties with them independent of the till they form an interest here. One of Company, and without consulting it. them, (Mr. Macleane) announces himself Thus, what was not done in Leadenhall- as the agent of Mr. Hastings. He acts for street, was effectually completed on the him, but suddenly throws off the mask, spot. The Directors were rendered and declares himself the agent or ambascyphers at home, whenever they thought sador for the nabob of Arcot. Thus a proper to differ from administration; their faction is formed, fomented, and nouorders were defeated in India, whenever rished, both in India and Great Britain ; they carried any point here against the and the proprietors, willing to support sentiments of the King's servants. These their servants from such unconstitutional plenipotentiaries had done more mischief attacks, resist every attempt to seduce ihan perhaps the nation was aware of; them in the first instance, till at length they detached the country powers from administration making it a public point, the Company's servants, teaching them to as well as private object, by the full influ. look up to more powerful assistance. The ence of the crown, overturn every thing nabob of Arcot was a striking instance of that had been effected by their directors this. Those plenipotentiaries of the crown at home, or their servants in India. He had filled him full of ideas of equality and thought the council at Madras had acted independency; of equality with the King from the most factious and corrupt motives: of Great Britain, as a sovereign prince; of because they agreed unanimously with independency of the Company, who were lord Pigot on the propriety of carrying but the servants and subjects of his ally. his instructions relative to the restoration These men, from views of ambition and of the rajah of Tanjore into execution ; self-interest, had filled the nabob's head and never differed from him on any general full of similar notions with those they or particular measure concerning it, till themselves were inspired with. They Mr. Benfield, on his own account, and as talked to him of the treaty of Paris, and trustee for those who acted along with the guarantee of_his dominions by the him, composed the majority of the coun. court of France. Part of the consequences cil, became a mortgagee of the revenues of of the spirit thus raised, was the plan Tanjore, by having them assigned to bim agreed upon between the nabob and Mr. for money supposed to be advanced to the Hastings, for dispossessing the rajah of nabob. He observed, that his hon. friend Tanjore of his dominions, and annexing who made the motion stated the patricular them to the Carnatic. The ill policy and part of the mortgage belonging to Mr. injustice of such an outrage of every thing Benfield, at 30,0001. and the whole, for that ought to be held sacred and binding which he stands trustee, at 250,0001. but among men, struck the direction with he begged leave to say, that this fell infihorror. They heard, with grief and asto- nitely short of the real sum; for, the acnishment, that the unfortunate and unof- tual sum, for which the majority of the fending Gentoo prince was despoiled of his council were creditors of the nabob, was dominions, on a shameful, barefaced pre- upwards of 800,0001. which he could shew tence of an arrear of tribute being due to from proofs not to be controverted. The the nabob. The directors accordingly worst part of the whole transaction, and sent out lord Pigot, for the express pur- what corroborated every argument used, pose of repairing the injury, and restoring and deduction drawn by him, was, that the rajah to his territories. What has been this mortgage, or mock loan, took place the consequence of this ? Lord Pigot un- after the council knew that Tanjore was to dertakes the execution of the task; he be restored to its rightful owner, which performs it, as far as depends on him, proved two things; that they acted from with spirit and fidelity. The effect of this corrupt motives, in opposing lord Pigot ; new system of power is suddenly felt; a and that they dared to do so on promises of indemnity both in India and England. mitted to retain them a day. He then He wished sincerely that the House would moved, “ That the chairman do now take up the matter distinct from all party leave the chair.” considerations,
Mr. T. Townshend said, the hon. genSir Herbert Mackworth expressed his tleman had observed upon the connecsurprize, that the hon. gentleman should tions and particular affections of those move the present resolutions so late in the persons who favoured lord Pigot, and had session; and said, he was the more sur- remarked, that no independent man found prised, that he should think of bringing fault with the resolutions of the court the affairs of the India Company at all be- of proprietors for replacing and then refore parliament, when he recollected for calling lord Pigot; for his part, he deseveral years past to have heard him uni- clared himself independent of both sides formly declaim against the interference of of the House, neither had he any knowparliament in the affairs of the Company, ledge of lord Pigot but from his public The resolutions of the Company of the 9th character, which he had heard was most of May, had been approved by all inde excellent. As to the India House, he had pendent persons, and only those who had never been but once at their court, and he particular connections with lord Pigot, then resolved it should be the last time : had disapproved. He maintained, that he was therefore free to declare, that he lord Pigot had abused the trust committed disapproved the last resolution of the to him, and had, contrary to all justice court of proprietors of the 9th of May, and form, suspended the two counsellors, but most highly approved the first. It by a trick as unconstitutional as indecent. appeared to him, that the restoration of He had therefore acted so extremely lord Pigot to his government was a volun. wrong, that it bccame necessary to recall tary act of the court of proprietors, foundhim. On the other hand, the behaviour ed in justice; that the second, for recall. of the counsellors, in seizing and imprison-ing him immediately, was a most absurd ing lord Pigot, to the total subversion of contradiction of the first, and a measure all legal government, was equally repre. brought about by administration ; for the hensible. On that ground, the counsel- nabob was encouraged at home; he had lors were likewise ordered to return to an ambassador here, not indeed with any this country, to answer for their miscon- pompous titles, state, and parade, but a. duct; but as the consequences of the gentleman of abilities, a Mr. Macleane, misconduct of lord Pigot, in suspending who he heard, as soon as he had effected the two counsellors, and thereby obtain the nabob's business by the destruction of ing a majority in support of his measures, lord Pigot, was to return back as ambaswere not to be so much dreaded as a sud- sador from the King of Great Britain to den subversion of government, and an the nabob. It seemed likewise, that he had usurpation in consequence of that subver a third master, Mr. Hastings, the avowsion; to hold out an example, and assert ed enemy of lord Pigot, though once his the dignity of government, lord Pigot was firm friend ; that Mr. Hastings had recomrestored ; but as equally involved in the mended Mr. Macleane to the nabob; and most manifest violations of the constitution it might fairly be concluded from all this, of the Company, and abuse of power, his that his highness and Mr. Hastings were lordship was included in the public disap- the contrivers of the arrest of lord Pigot. probation such a conduct deservedly He was severe on the ambitious views of brought after it. He defended the logical the nabob, on the supineness of the Compropriety of the terins in which the reso- pany's servants at home, and the influlution at the India House, for recalling ence of the ministry over them ; in short, Jord Pigot, &c. was conveyed. He said, he represented the majority to have been that it might be easily conceived, that a collected by the minister's industry for person should be reinstated to preserve the second resolution of recalling lord certain forms, and to convey a consequen- Pigot; adding, that he should not be surtial censure, and yet forthwith be recalled. prised to see Mr. Macleane and the genIt would be answered, probably, why not, tlemen of the council, who subverted the after reinstating lord Pigot, let him remain government of Madras by the most daring in his station for a month, or three, or six act of violence, brought into parliament months, if required ? He was of opinion, hereafter as borough members. So far that as his lordship had abused the powers from thinking parliament ought not to inintrusted to him, he should not be per- terfere, or that the committee should be