would be made, and he expected they as disinterested, and as worthy as ever exwould be successful.

isted, engaged in the greatest and the best Mr. Burke could not, he said, hear the of causes. He begged to say to the noble most distant comparison made between lord, who denied himself to be the cause the majorities of parliament and the mi- of our disasters in America, that if he nistry, without feeling resentment at the would not confess that he had, through pretended equality. Blind, biassed, and wilful blindness, lost that continent, he manacled, as the majorities had of late must be forced to acknowledge that he been, still the dignity of the House and had bee: the dupe of interested indivi. the recollection of what majorities were duals : that he had been misinformed, mis. formerly, induced him to reprehend so un- advised, and had misconducted the whole equal a comparison. Majorities had been affair. The noble lord had not intended, composed, even in this session, of the inde- perhaps, to lose, but he certainly had lost pendent part of the House. The opinion America. of the minority, by continuing the same Mr. Turner informed the House, that for years together, brought them, by the there were vessels in the Bay of Dunkirk, transition of the contrary opinion, into the ready to sail, at an hour's warning, fit to largest majority that ever the present ad carry 30,000 men. Marshal Broglio was ministration were blest with. Minorities on the coast, S0,000 men were in readiness, have become majorities, by the absurdity, and an invasion was undoubtedly the dein the first instance, and inflexibility, in sign. Was it not therefore a considerathe second, of the ministry. He could tion of the most material weight, for the not avoid reverting to the dream of the House to provide against that danger, by learned gentleman, nor enough wonder, sitting and deliberating, from day to day? reflecting on his amazing sagacity, that. The House divided : he should have been reduced to the ne

Tellers. cessity of quoting examples from the re

SMr. Fox cords of barbarity. The conduct of war,

Yeas Mr. Turner

.... 53 in the days of Rome, is, indeed, a very

..s proper line for ours! It would have been

Sir William Gordon the misfortune of that learned gentleman,

NOES {Mr. Robinson · .. Op if he had been made a prisoner in those So it passed in the negative. days, tó have been set up to public sale, with his doubts, and his ribbons about his Proceedings in the Commons on the neck, and sold for a slave. He was happy Death of the Earl of Chatham.] May 11. that the learned gentleman's dream was so Colonel Barré informed the House, that soon, and so easily read, and that, like all the earl of Chatham had died that morndreams, it had been born in the weakness ing, at his seat at Hayes, in Kent; and of the brain, and had ended in nothing. moved, “ That an humble Address be He begged leave in answer to an expres- presented to his Majesty, that his Majesty sion, that had fallen from an hon. gentle will be graciously pleased to give direcinan, and which had been answered by the tions, that the remains of William Pitt, noble lord, to say something in favour of earl of Chatham, be interred at the public opposition. It was not his wish that any charge." hon. gentleman should join with opposi Mr. T. Townshend seconded the mo. tion, before he had well considered the tion. principles he himself entertained, and the Mr. Rigby, after expressing his great re'conduct of the party he was about to join. spect for the departed statesman's unriTo young members he invariably said, that valled talents, and his regret that his he would rather wish them to join admi- country should be deprived of them at a nistration, than to adhere to opposition, time when they were so much wanted by before their minds were made up. It was her, declared, that no man in the House so much more shameful to change from revered him living more than he did, opposition to administration, than from the though he sometimes differed from him in latter to the former, that he begged them politics; but the noble earl's virtues had to be cautious and considerate in their made an indelible impression on his mind, choice. If the hon. gentleman did mean and the very last words he ever spoke in to join with the part of the House to parliament, particularly commanded his which he adhered, he would only say, that gratitude and admiration. He, therefore, he would join with a set of men, as wise, certainly would vote for the motion, if the hon. member should think proper to per- his zeal for his country's service: in this sist in it; but he begged leave to say, | last object was every other consideration that he thought a monument to his me- sacrificed ; and while he had any thing to mory would be a more eligible, as well as do for the state, he was insensible to every a more lasting testimony of the public gra- | desire to aggrandize himself: public and titude than the defraying of his funeral personal interests were ideas he had never honours.

connected; the latter were always swalMr. T. Townshend would have spoken | lowed up in the former : the effects of this in reply to Mr. Rigby, but sorrow choked generous spirit now laid heavy on his fahis utterance, and he found himself obliged mily: and he flattered himself that the to sit down ; recovering himself, however, House would take their case into considein a few minutes, he delivered a short but ration, nor suffer the descendants of that most feeling eulogium on the merits of great man, to whom this country owed its the deceased peer, and concluded by ex. greatest glory, to be exposed to want. pressing his affliction, that he should be Lord North heartily coincided with the snatched from us at a time when his coun. noble lord : he was conscious that the late try was in so much want of his abilities. I lord Chatham had deserved so well of the

Mr. Dunning said, he could not sup- state, that his descendants had certainly a pose there could be two opinions in the just claim to the generosity of the House, House on such a motion, in point of prin- and the gratitude of the nation : he assured ciple, though there might be some diffe- the noble lord, that he would with plearence of sentiment upon the modes of ex. sure support any motion that might be pressing our sensations; for his part, he made in favour of the late earl's family. thought the two propositions were in no Mr. T. Townshend then rose for that degree opposite, and, therefore, should purpose : he launched into a panegyric on move, that the following words be added: the renowned statesman whom the nation “ And that a Monument be erected, in had just lost, and drew a just picture of the collegiate church of St. Peter's West. his great qualities and virtues. After minster, to the memory of that excellent | summing up his virtues, and shewing that statesman, with an inscription expressive however beneficial they had been to the of the public sense of so great and irrepa- state, his family had not reaped that adrable a loss; and to assure his Majesty, that vantage from them which they might have this House will make good the expences received, had he been less disinterested, attending the same.”

he moved, “ That an humble Address be Lord North, who had gone home, then presented to his Majesty, to return his entering in great haste, declared his hap- Majesty the thanks of this House, for his piness in arriving time enough to give his most gracious Answer to their Address of vote for the motion, which he hoped would Monday last ; and to beseech his Majesty,' be carried unanimously, and he lamented, that he will be graciously pleased to bestow that he had not breath enough, from the some signal and lasting mark of his royal hurry in which he came, to express him- favour on the family of the late William self with the degree of respect, which he Pitt, earl of Chatham ; and to assure his wished to shew on so great an occasion. | Majesty, that, whatever he, from his

The motion as amended was agreed to princely goodness, shall think proper to be nem. con.

granted, this House, animated by the gra

titude which they, in common with the May 13. Lord North informed the rest of his Majesty's subjects, feel towards House, that his Majesty had been waited the memory of that upright and disinteon with the said Address, and had com- rested minister, and ambitious of giving a manded him to acquaint the House, that testimony of their approbation to that he would give directions as desired there. public virtue and spirited conduct which in.

directed the councils of this country in the Lord John Cavendish then called the i last glorious and successful war, will, with attention of the House to a matter in the greatest cheerfulness, make good to which he hoped to find their gratitude ma- his Majesty.” nifest itself in a generous manner. The Lord Nugent warmly seconded the mogreat statesman, whose loss this country tion: his lordship was not more sparing of would long have reason to regret, the im- his encomiums on the late earl, than Mr. mortal Chatham, had not signalized him- | Townshend had been ; and to give a strikself less by his disinterestedness than by ing proof that, like St. John in Pope's

Essay on Man, his last wish was for his country's good, he instanced his last words to his son, lord Pitt, when that young nobleman, previous to his departure for Gibraltar, was taking leave of his dying father, “Go, my son,” said the venerable patriot, “ go whither your country calls you; let her engross all your attention, spare not a moment, which is due to her service, in weeping over an old man who soon will be no more.” Mr. Fox and Mr. Byng both paid their tribute to the memory of the man, who, they said, had raised his country’s glory to an unrivalled pitch. Col. Barré assigned his reason for not being beforehand with Mr. Townshend, and making the present motion together with his motion for a public funeral: he said that the task had been assigned to him, because in his professional capacity he had acted in an expedition which the noble earl had planned. He knew that glory was his grand object; and that if it was possible for his illustrious shade to look down upon earth and see what was passing here below, he would be better pleased at the tribute which his country was about to pay his memory at his funeral, than at any provision which might be made for his children. Avarice had never been a part of his character; if it had, the motion would have been unnecessary: he had had it in his power to gratify to the utmost extent, both ambition and avarice; but he was superior to such considerations; and all selfish thoughts were buried in the pursuit of his country’s glory, which was intimately connected with his own. He was possessed of the happy talent of transfusing his own zeal into the souls of all those who were to have a share in carrying his projects into execution; and it was a matter well known to many officers then in the House, that no man ever went into the earl’s closet, who did not feel himself, if possible, braver at his return than when he went in. He begged to say a few words relative to the pension which the King had been pleased to bestow on the earl. It was rated at 3,000l. a year; but he believed it to be only nominally so much, as he had reason to think that not more than 2,200l. were annually received. He stated the debts which affected the estate of the earl to be very considerable; and the income of the young lord to be consequently small. He drew a comparison between the rewards bestowed on the duke of Marlborough, and those given to the

earl of Chatham. The former, after his first campaign, was honoured by his royal mistress with the ducal coronet, and had 5,000l. a year, clear money, settled on him, payable out of the Post-office. When in 1706 he had gained the famous battle of Blenheim, the manors of Woodstock and Wotton were granted to him, and a palace was built for him at the queen's expence. When he lost his only son the marquis of Blandford, the queen caused an act of parliament to pass to settle the family titles on his heirs female and their heirs, in order to secure to his posterity the 5,000l. a year payable to the title, which the Marlborough family enjoy to this day. These were the princely rewards which that great officer had received for his signal services in the field; whilst a paltry nominal 3,000l. a year was the only substantial one which lord Chatham had received; and yet, who would say that England was less indebted to Chatham than to Marlborough 2 Upon the whole, he felt himself carried by every consideration which could weigh with a just, grateful, and generous mind, not only to second the motion, but to wish most ardently, that the debts affecting the estate might be discharged by the nation. The motion was carried mem. con.

May 20. Lord North presented the fol.

lowing Message from his Majesty: “GEobo E R.

“His Majesty having taken into his consideration the Address of this House, that he will be graciously pleased to bestow some signal and lasting mark of his royal favour on the family of the late William Pitt, earl of Chatham; and being desirous to comply as i. as possible with the request of his faithful Commons; has given directions for the granting to the present earl of Chatham, and to the heirs of the body of thelate William Pitt to whom the earldom of Chatham shall descend, an annuity of 4,000l. per annum, out of the Civ] List revenue: but his Majesty, not having it in his power to extend the effect of the said grant beyond the term of his own life, recommends it to the House, to consider of a proper method of extending, securing, and annexing, the same to the earldom of Chatham, in such manner as shall be thought most effectual for the benefit of the family of the said William Pitt, earl of Chatham.”

May 21. The House being in a Com

mittee on the King's Message, Mr. T., either this session or the next, move that Townshend moved, " That the annual | the monument voted to be erected, should sum of 4,0001. be granted to his Majesty, be raised in St. Paul's. out of the Aggregate Fund, to commence Mr. Rigby said, he was not in a humour from the 5th of July 1778, and be settled in to pay such a compliment to the corpora.. the most beneficial manner upon the present tion of London, as to separate the body earl of Chatham, and the heirs of the body from the monument, which according to of the late William Pitt to whom the earl- the vote of the House, was to be erected dom of Chatham shall descend." Thein Westminster Abbey. He would boldly Resolution was agreed to, without opposi- speak his sentiments of the corporation, tion: and a Bill was ordered to be brought notwithstanding the looks of gentlemen in thereon; which passed the Commons near him, who seemed displeased with his without debate. :

opinion. The common council had made.

free with both Houses of Parliament; and The following Petition was presented

he thought he had as good a right to make by one of the Sheriffs of London : .

free with them. His respect for the cor“. To the Honourable the House of Com- poration of London had ceased, when it

mons, in Parliament assembled. i ceased to be governed by the most opulent 66 The humble Petition of the City of and respectable characters in it: the com

London. in Common-council as- mon council he understood intended to sembled.

assist at the funeral ; he was not inclined

to indulge, them " Sheweth, That your petitioners humbly

in their wish to parade;

it was contrary to the sense of both Houses beg leave to return their grateful thanks

of Parliament; in one of which the moto this honourable House for the noble

etion for attendance had been withdrawn; and generous testimony which it has borne

and in the other rejected. When the moto the services and merits of the late W.

tion for a funeral was made at a late hour, Pitt, earl of Chatham.

and in a thin House when gentlemen were " And your petitioners, with all humi.

I rather unaware of it, he expressed his dis.. lity, desire that their zeal may not seem

approbation of it as an empty honour; unpleasing to this honourable House, cr be interpreted as a wish in your petitioners

and suggested the idea of a monument as

I a lasting homage to the memory of lord to vary from the general sense of their country, as expressed in the late votes of

Chatham ; and as the body of his lordship this honourable House, by their request

had already been brought into the neighing that the remains of the earl of Chatham

combourhood of the Abbey, and the monument

was to be raised there, he thought it most be deposited in the cathedral church of

proper that the remains and monument St. Paul, in the city of London. “ Your petitioners farther represent to

should be in the same place. this honourable House, that they entirely in

Mr. Dunning replied, that he saw no feel the delicacy of their situation, in con-1

| impropriety in depositing the corpse in

one church, and raising a monument in sequence of the several measures taken

another. If the family of the late lord by this honourable House, but hope that a favourable interpretation will be put

had thought proper to bury him at Hayes,

or Burton Pynsent, he did not imagine upon any particular marks of gratitude and veneration which the first commercial

that the right bon. member would have

had any objection to erecting the monucity in the empire is earnest to express

ment in Westminster-abbey. towards the statesman, whose vigour and

Mr. T. Townshend said that the peticounsels had so much contributed to the

etion was the most polite, the most respectprotection and extension of its commerce.

to ful, and perhaps the best written that had By order of the court,


ever been laid before that House. He Mr. Dunning expressed his approbation knew from the very lords who had comof the stile and purport of the Petition. posed the majority who voted against the He said the cathedral of the metropolis motion for the attendance of the upper was a very proper place for depositing the House at the funeral, that they did at the remains of a man who had raised the time wish for nothing more than an unani. commerce of the city to an envied pitch mous assent to the motion; they had told of greatness, by disabling those powers him that such was really their wish; and. who wished to crush it. If the prayer of that they had opposed it merely from a the citizens should be granted, he would, regard for the memory of the deceased

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lord, that might receive an injury in the public opinion, if after an order of the House a few peers only should attend as a House, which must have been the case at , this season of the year, when the major part of them would be in the country. Col. Barré said the House had not been taken unawares when the motion was made for lord Chatham's interment at the public expence: the melancholy event which had brought on that motion was previously known by the House. The funeral pomp which the right hon. gentleman affected to call an empty vain parade, would be productive of a salutary effect, as it would shew the enemies of this country that the national spirit, in some measure created and always cherished by lord Chatham, was not extinct, but might still make the country victorious over all her foes. The astonishing disinterestedness of the man required every mark of grateful remem. brance which a generous people could bestow; though he had passed through the highest employments of the empire, though he had enjoyed the most lucrative places of the nation, though he had been in pos. session of the secrets of the state, still he , had had virtue enough to prefer the public good to his own personal interest, and delivered up the posts he had filled with clean hands, and retired to the embraces of a pinching, but to him a glorious poverty. When the right hon. gentleman should have resigned all his places, after displaying as much disinterestedness while he possessed them as the noble earl, whose virtues were then the theme of panegyric, he himself would move for similar honours to be paid to his memory. At this critical situation of affairs, it was to the last degree impolitic to hold forth any language to the public which might tend to destroy that unanimity which was at this juncture the only stay, the only hope, of our political salvation. To say that the poor, the low, the contemptible, were at the head of affairs, could not but give disgust to those respectable characters, in whose hands the government of the city now is. Mr. Rigby said, at the same time that he did not wish that sentiments which were none of his should go out under his name into the world, declared himself undaunted, though such a formidable phalanx was drawn up against him: he denied that he had insinuated, that the government of the city was in the hands of the low, the poor, and the contemptible: he was not *

afraid to repeat what he had said; it was, that the government of the corporation was in the hands of improper persons; that is to say, in the hands of country gentlemen, when it should be in those of traders: the aldermen were now not traders but politicians: he had in his eye a very worthy gentleman, of very great landed property in the country, who from that very circumstance he pronounced to be unfit for the office of an alderman, though in every other respect an amiable character: numbers of others he could |. out in the same predicament, who, however respectable by their birth, connections and fortune, were not, in his opinion, the less disqualified for a magistracy in the city. When he had expressed his disapprobation of a public funeral for lord Chatham, he was far from having the least disrespect for his memory: he would allow with every gentleman, that he had the cleanest of hands, the clearest of heads, the most upright of intentions, and the most honest of hearts; but he was still of opinion that a monument would be a more lasting honour than a funeral; and that the liberal manner in which the House had that day provided for his descendants, would be a more distinguished mark of national regard than the most pompous funeral rites could possibly be. As to the seeming charge brought against himself by the great encomiums nationally paid to the memory of lord Chatham for having retired with cleam hands, he was unconscious of having deserved the insinuation: the possession of the secrets of state alluded, he supposed, to Change-alley; he was not afraid to say, that he bid defiance to any man who could bring a charge against him of having had any dealings in the Alley; or having purchased a single guinea's worth in the stocks ever since he became paymaster-general; if any man could accuse him of anything unbecoming his public character in the discharge of his office, he desired him to stand forth, and if he could prove his accusation, he would most willingly resign his office: but he was sure no such charge could be made against him; and however disagreerble it was to his delicacy to pronounce his own panegyric, yet, bold from conscious innocence, he would not hesitate to say, that he possessed as honest and upright a heart, and had as clean hands as any man who heard him. Mr. Burke joined with those who wished that lord Chatham's remains might be

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