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considerable decrease, nearly, if his me- wisdom and rectitude of his Majesty's mory served him right, to the amount of councils; and the esteem and confidence 100,000l. per annum. He said, that the of his subjects. The obligations were mulast year it had increased, and that for a tual, and justly merited ; and if such an very obvious reason ; because several influence as that described by the noble steady friends to government, natives of lord had really existed, he was perfectly America, and others, for their loyalty and satisfied his Majesty would employ it, not attachment to the crown and parliament in endeavouring to abridge the liberties of of Great Britain, had been stripped of their his subjects, or in acts of oppression, but property, and driven thence, without the in protecting them in the full enjoyment means of support; some without even the of every thing which might promise to means of sustenance, to seek relief in this render them a prosperous, virtuous, and country. Many of these had been relieved happy people. As to the last objection by royal bounty, and had consequently made to the proposed augmentation, that considerably increased the out-goings; he it would, as in arbitrary countries, tend to believed to the amount of 27,0001. No hurt the morals of the people, and genenotice had been taken of several causes of rate place-hunters and idlers, who might expence that daily arose. If the princess be better employed, and thereby become dowager's death so far served to augment more useful to the state, he could not the royal revenue, the prince of Wales, the possibly trace the consequence; for he bishop of Osnaburgh, and prince William, knew no new places, or appointments, the remained to be taken out of it, to the amount present measure would give birth to; and of 12,0001, a year. Again, the increased as for such as were already established, he pensions to judges amounted to upwards did not think it was in the power of the of 4,0001. a year; for though no regular | noble lord, or any other person, to reduce applications were made on that account, the number of those who make daily aphe thought that when great men had been plication for places, without he first underworn down by age and infirmities, it would took to reduce the number of places thembe extremely improper to neglect paying selves; for without such a previous reduca suitable attention to their rank and ser- tion, he was satisfied all other methods vices. He hoped, the Civil List expendi- would prove totally ineffective. ture, would not in future exceed 900,0001. Mr wille per annum, because the 41 per cent. duties paid from the Leeward islands, and Mr. Speaker; there is not a gentle. the recovery of the American quit-rents, man in this House, or in the kingdom, after the present unnatural rebellion, would more anxious than I am, that the splendor form such a fund in support of the present | and dignity of the crown of England should proposed establishment, as would render | be maintained in its truest lustre, al. similar applications to parliament totally though for above a course of fifteen years unnecesssary. The noble lord had said a I have received from the crown only a suc. good deal respecting the charge of ambas cession of injuries, and never in any mo. sadors, and the excess of expenditure ment of my life the slightest favour. I under that head; but he was free to con- had the honour, Sir, of a seat in this House, tend, that if the noble lord thought it when the affair of the Civil List was first worth his while to inspect that article agitated in parliament in the beginning of again, he would find the expence of am- his present Majesty's reign, when every bassadors rather diminished than increas- good subject hoped to have more than the ed; were the allowance made to lord and idea of a patriot king. I then acquiesced general Howe deducted. The noble lord | in the proposed grant. The acceptance of and his brother were paid as such, and an annuity of 800,000l. and the giving up having a secretary, the whole establish to the public the ancient, hereditary revement was what principally caused the in-nues of the crown, originated from the crease. His lordship entered into several throne. It was proposed to this House in computations, which controverted the facts the usual mode by Mr. Legge, then chanlaid down by the noble lord who spoke cellor of the Exchequer. Parliament first. He denied, that the influence of the adopted the proposition, and it was accrown had been on the increase, sincecepted with gratitude by the King. The the accession of his present Majesty, but ministers of that time declared to this contended, that the strength of govern- | House the King's entire satisfaction, and ment had been purely augmented by the that his Majesty should be happy to be
delivered from the disagreeable necessity | called upon to pay that likewise, notwithof ever applying to parliament, like his standing the former bargain with the pubpredecessors, to make good the deficien- lic. The very proposal implies another cies of the Civil List. It was admit- violation of public faith. Sir, I will vented that the allowance was competent, | ture to say, if we are indeed just trustees ample, most fully adequate to the wants, for the people, if we conscientiously reand even to the splendour of the crown. Alect, that their wealth is intrusted to our Parliament granted all the sovereign asked, care, that we are the guardians of the puband made the grant in the very mode pro- lic purse, we ought to stop this growing posed by the minister. The Civil List Act evil, and reprobate the idea of suffering expressly declares in the preamble, that their money to be thus squandered, as 800,0001. per annum,“ was a certain and well as the country drained by a variety of competent revenue for defraying the ex taxes. I must add, Sir, taxes imposed to pences of his Majesty's civil government, supply a profusion, which arises from a and supporting the dignity of the crown violation of a solemn compact with the naof Great Britain.” The nation thought tion, and renders the limitation of the ex. themselves assured of not paying more pences of the crown by parliament the than 800,0001. per annum to the Civil List, mošt vague and absurd of all propositions. and gave that sum cheerfully for the trap- | The power of controul of the expences of pings of royalty. In the speech at the the crown is the being and life of parlia. close of that session our gracious young ment. What traces do we now find of the monarch told us from the throne, that he existence of this power? Are the accounts could not sufficiently thank us, and that he on our table proofs of our boasted æconothought himself much obliged to us for my ? and is meanness thus nearly allied to what more immediately concerned him- prodigality? self. By this bargain, Sir, with the public, There is at present, Sir, a peculiar cruit was generally understood, and indeed elty in thus endeavouring to fleece the admitted at that time, that his Majesty people, when we are involved in a most would be a gainer of near 7,0001. per an- expensive, as well as unnatural and ruin. num. The noble lord with the blue rib-ous, civil war, and burthened with an bon has unfairly drawn his calculations enormous load of national debt, the inte. from only the last eight years of the late rest of which even we are scarcely able to king's reign. He ought to have taken the stand under. Is there no feeling for the whole of that reign together. In some sufferings of this impoverished country? years the Civil List was very deficient; Are the people really nothing in the scale in others it greatly exceeded the sum of of government? The principal of the na800,0001. As this is peculiarly a day of tional debt is stated to us at Midsummer dry calculation, I will observe that, from 1775 to amount to the astonishing sum the accounts delivered into parliament, it I of 135,943,0511. and the interest to appeared, that in the 33 years of George 4,440,8211. Is this the time, Sir, that a the 2nd's reign, from Midsummer 1727 to minister can with an unembarrassed counMidsummer 1760, the Civil List produced tenance come to parliament to lay addi. only 26,182,9811. whereas 800,0001. for 33 | tional loads on an exhausted nation, and to years, amounts to 26,400,0001. so that there ask more of the people's money? When is a deficiency of 217,0191. The gain, the greatest sources of our commerce and therefore, on a net revenue of 800,0001. wealth are destroyed by the folly and wickis on an average above 6,5761. a year. edness of administration, when we have The sum of 800,0001. was at that time already spent in this unjust war above 19 thought abundantly sufficient to support millions, when above half our empire is the splendour of the crown, and the ma. lost, and those American friends, who jesty of this great people. His Majesty have assisted us so frequently and so powhas received besides 172,6051. the arrears erfully, are forced by our injustice to beof the late king's Civil List, 100,0001. on come determined enemies, and for their account of Somerset-house, and an addi. | own safety to endeavour our humiliation, tional grant of 513,5111. in 1769, to dis- | are we at such a moment as this to talk of charge all incumbrances. The death of the greatness of the crown, a crown shorn the princess dowager of Wales was a of half its beams? Are we to hear of the saving of 60,000l. a year, and of the duke happy state of the nation, when we have of York 12,000l. a year. Yet, Sir, we are lost more than we have retained of this now told of another debt of 618,3401. and divided empire, when new taxes and addi. tional burdens on the people are the most settled on her for life, and declared to be important objects of government? Is the for raising 700,0001. for the support of her Civil List to increase in proportion to the houshold, and the dignity of her governloss of all those resources of trade and ment. In the 9th of her reign the old Postriches, by which it is fed and nourished ? office act was repealed, and a new Ge. Is the nature of the Civil List in the body neral Post-office with higher rates was esta. politic analogous to what lord Bacon says blished, in consideration of which another of the Spleen, that it increases in propor- deduction was made from the Civil List tion to the waste, decay, and rapid con- revenue of 7001. a week, or 36,4001. a sumption of the other parts of the human year. Both these deductions have ever body?
since been continued. Sir, we ought to look back to what George I had the same revenue settled former princes and parliaments have done. upon him as queen Anne; but if 300,0001. I will take the consideration only from the paid him by the Royal Exchange and glorious æra of the Revolution, and it London Assurance Companies, and a mila shall be stated fairly and fully. The Civil lion granted in 1726, towards paying his List was not granted to king William for debts, are included, his income will ap." life till the year 1698, when 700,0001. a pear to have been nearly 800,0001. per year was settled on him. The distractions annum. In the first speech to his parliaof his government, and of all Europe at ment he took notice, “ That it was his that period, are well known. His most happiness to see a prince of Wales, who generous views for the public were thwart- | may, in due time, succeed to the throne, ed at home during the greatest part of his and see him blessed with many children.” reign by the Tories, as the friends of li- Yet the establishment of the Civil List at berty are now harrassed by them in Ame- the beginning of that reign was only setrica, according to the late orders of ge- tled at 700,0001. a year. It was not till neral Washington to the continental army, after the great expences consequent on and his spirited letters to the Congress. the rebellion of the earl of Mar, and the Queen Anne had the same revenue settled other perjured Scots, who, although they upon her. She did not ask the additional had taken the oaths to his government, sum of 100,0001. to her Civil List, but she traiterously waged open and impious war gave unasked out of it yearly 100,0001. against a mild and just sovereign, that the towards carrying on the war, a war against parliament paid the king's debts. In the France, besides 200,0001. at least towards reign of George 1, the prince of Wales the building of Blenheim-house, and above had an establishment of 100,0001. per 100,0001. for the support of the poor Pa- | apnum. latines. We have a Resolution of this George 2, had a very numerous family, House, Sir, on a report from a committee, and 800,0001. was at first settled upon which states this very fully. It is on the him, with whatever surplus might arise Journals of May 13, 1715, and in the fol- from the duties and allowances composing lowing words : “ Resolved, That the sum the Civil List revenues. In 1736, that of 700,0001. per annum was settled upon part of the hereditary and temporary exhis late majesty king William during his cise, which consisted of duties on spirilife, for the support of his majesty's hous- tuous liquors, was taken from the Civil hold, and other his necessary occasions; List, in consideration of which 70,0001, and, at the time of his majesty's demise, was transferred to it from the aggre. after the deduction of 3,7001. a week, that gate fund. The income of George 2, inwas applied to the public uses, was the cluding 115,0001. granted in 1720, and produce of the Civil List revenues, that 456,7331. in 1747, towards making good were continued and settled on her late the deficiencies, which had arisen in the majesty queen Anne, during her life.” The Civil List duties, was 810,7491. per annum deduction for public service of 3,7001. a for 33 years. His late majesty likewise week, or 192,4001. a year, from that part had in his reign a Scotish rebellion, carried of the Civil List revenue called the “ He- on by many of the same traitors, who had reditary and Temporary Excise,” was first been pardoned by his father. The exmade in the last year of king William. pence of that rebellion to the king and Notwithstanding this deduction, the Civil kingdom was enormous, for it was not List Funds produced in that very year confined to the extremities of the island, 709,4201. In the first of queen Anne the but raged in the heart of the kingdom, same funds with the same deductions were and the rebels advanced to within 100
miles of the capital. Such an event, Sir, counts laid before this House, by his Manot unforeseen, because foretold, was a jesty's command, the eight folio books, as just ground for the parliament's discharg. well as the other papers. I will venture ing a debt contracted by securing to us to say they are as loose, unsatisfactory, every thing dear to men and Englishmen. perplexed, and unintelligible as those de.
The establishment of the present King, livered in by the noble lord with the blue at the yearly rent charge to the nation of ribbon in 1770, a year after the former 800,0001. was a measure at that time demand to pay the debts on the Civil equally pleasing both to the prince and List. I am sure, Sir, more loose, unsa. people. The minister boasted that there tisfactory, perplexed, and unintelligible, was not a possibility of any future dispute no accounts can be. Their defectiveness about the hereditary revenues, or con- and fallacy is highly culpable. The comcerning accounts suspected to be false, ing to parliament at that time with such a wilfully erroneous, or deceitful, kept demand, but without any account what. back, or anticipated, to serve a par- ever, was an insult to this House, and the ticular purpose. I am aware, Sir, that now laying before us such accounts as the Civil List revenues have been increas. those on the table is a solemn mockery. ing for many years. The mean annual Many gentlemen in the House declared produce for the last five years of George the last week their opinion, that, after the 2, was 829,1501. and for the first six years strictest examination, they could make of his present Majesty, it would have been, nothing of those former accounts. It was had the establishment in the late reign con- not intended they should. One particular .tinued, 894,0001. In 1775, it would have only fixed my attention as an individual. been 1,019,4501. Near 90,0001. per ann. Under the head of “ secret and special of this great increase has been produced service," I find that between Oct. 1762, by an increase in the Post-office revenue, and Oct. 1763, a most memorable year, occasioned chiefly by the late alteration in there was issued to Samuel Martin, esq. the manner of franking, and by the falling 41,0001. We have indeed, Sir, had a in of the cross posts to the public by the week allowed to go through these acdeath of Mr. Allen; but these profits would counts; but I will venture to affirm, that a probably, at least certainly ought to, have year would not be sufficient to clear them been reserved to the public, had the esta from their studied perplexity, to give order blishment in the late reign been continued. I and light to such a chaos. The most able At the foot of one of the accounts on accomptants do not pretend to understand our table it is stated, “ The amount of them. They would puzzle a De Moivre. 800,0001. granted to his Majesty from the Ægyptian darkness hangs over the whole. 25th Oct. 1760, to the 5th Jan. 1777, is There is not one friendly ray of light to 12,965,5171. 4s. 9 d. The produce as lead us through this labyrinth. above exceeds the annuity by 2,381,2411. No account, Sir, whatever is given par9s. 1 d. But parliament granted to pay off liament of the other considerable revenues the Civil List debt, on the 5th Jan. 1769, of the crown, besides the annuity of out of the supplies for 1769, 513,5111. 800,0001. I do not mean the income of which being deducted shews the gain to the electorate of Hanover, or bishopric of the public to be, 1,867,7301. 98. 14d.” Osnaburg, but what his Majesty enjoys as The bargain concluded for the public King of England. That is a fair considewas of an annuity to the King of a clear ration with us, when the House are pro800,000l. subject to no deductions, or viding for the support of the lustre of the contingencies for his life, on a solemn pro-crown, at present, I fear, a little tarnished. mise of that being made to bear all the The extraordinary revenues of the crown expences of the Civil List, and the royal are, the revenue of Ireland, the duchy of houshold. It was a fair compact of finance Cornwall, the land revenue within the prinbetween the King and the subject, ratified cipality of Wales, the revenue of Gibraltar, by both parties. The most explicit as- American quit-rents, now generally lost, surances were given by the Chancellor of irredeemably lost, the plantation duties of the Exchequer, in the King's name, that 41 per cent. from the Leeward islands, no more should be asked, and that now fines, forfeitures, and many other particuhis Majesty could never be under the dis- | lars, which certainly carry the royal inagreeable necessity of importuning this come to much above one million a year, House with messages of personal concern. We may form some guesses from the
I have, Sir, carefully examined the ac- grants we find made. From the revenue (VOL. XIX. ]
of the duchy of Cornwall it appears that princely grants to either of the King's own 17,0001. issued to Mr. Bradshaw in one brothers. As an Englishman I regret the year, and 11,0001. in another. From the scantiness of their incomes. The duke of 41 per cent. in 1769, for his Majesty's Gloucester seems doomed to pass his life special service, 14,7421, tosir Grey Cooper. abroad; and it is certainly neither from In 1771, John Robinson, esq. received choice, nor from the ill state of his health. 10,0001. of the Virginian quit-rents, the The duke of Cumberland is happier, and last payment I believe of that nature. Sir lives in England. He possesses all the Grey Cooper in 1769 received 2,1441. virtues, and supports with dignity the rank, from the revenue of Gibraltar; and in of a private, benevolent, amiable noble
1765 the sum of 13,8041. was issued man. His income is by no means adequate . thence for special service. Such copious to the splendor of a prince of the blood,
streams must flow from rich and abundant of a prince of the blood so near to the fountains. The plantation duties of 41 King as his Majesty's own brother. How, per cent. produced, in 1753, the sum of then, Sir, has this enormous debt been con27,3777. Fines and forfeitures are a very tracted ? No outward magnificence has considerable addition to the royal revenue. dazzled our eyes; no internal, domestic I was plundered in one year of 1,0001. by profusion has been imputed to the Lord two fines, one of 5001. for a pretended Steward of the household, who almost libel, and another of the same sum, be alone has continued in office this whole cause I had a laughable poem locked up reign. We have scarcely the appearance in my bureau, which administration hired of a court, even in the capital. Former a rascal of a servant to steal, and then kings of England with very inferior re.. they contrived to have published.
venues were generous and splendid, their The business of this day, Sir, is natural- courts pompous and brilliant. All princely branched out into two parts, both ly and royal visitors were lodged in their which certainly claim our strict attention. palaces, and splendidly entertained. His His Majesty's Message points them out to Majesty's residence at Windsor the last us. . The first is the outstanding debts, the summer did not quite revive all the ideas second the increase of the establishment of the magnificence, and even hospitality, of the Civil List. Before we proceed to of the Plantagenets, nor efface all the glotake into consideration the payment of the ries of our Henries and Edwards. No King's debts, we ought to enquire in what stately buildings, or proud palaces, no manner they have been contracted. The “ imperial works, and worthy kings," King has enjoyed ever since his accession have excited the public wonder, or called the greatest unappropriated revenue of foreigners from the continent to our any prince in Europe, and the expences island to admire the royal taste and magof the whole royal family have never ex. nificence. An hon. gentleman (sir Grey ceeded 160,0001. a year. A committee Cooper) tells us of the King's houses. should be appointed for both the purposes The former kings of England, Sir, lived mentioned, and papers very different from in palaces, not in houses. His Majesty those before us ought to be submitted to has not yet had a Scottish rebellion to parliament. It is impossible for us now to quell. The royal revenues have not been form the slightest conjecture from these expended against the Scots, but surren. accounts in what way so enormous a debt dered to them; an idea little suspected by as 618,3401. has been contracted. It is the people of England, when they gave at astonishing that there should remain in first with such a liberal, and even prodigal cash in the Exchequer on the 5th of Jan. hand. How thën, Sir, has this debt been last only 35,6401. The queen has indeed contracted? There are no “ outward and 50,0001. a year very regularly paid; but visible" signs of grandeur and expence. I the expence of the prince of Wales and will tell the House what is said without the bishop of Osnaburgh is charged from doors, what the nation suspects, and there. 1769 to 1777 only 42,2421. Prince Wilo | fore it becomes our duty to investigate. liam Henry and prince Edward, for the The nation, Sir, suspects, that the regular same period, 5,0177. The King's Mes ministerial majorities in parliament are sage, Sir, leads us to consider the state of bought by these very grants; that in one the whole royal family. His Majesty has instance we attend to the evangelical pretwo brothers, universally beloved by the cept, “ give, and it shall be given unto nation. I find no trace of any debts con- you," and that the crown has made a purtracted by the crown on their account; no chase of this House with the money of the