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very little power of flattering themselves. That man is surely the most wretched of the sons of wretchedness, who lives with his own faults and follies always before him; and who has none to reconcile him to himself by praise and veneration. I have long sought content, and have not found it; I will from this moment endeavour to be rich."
6. Full of his new resolution, he shut himself in his chamber for six months, to deliberate how he should grow rich. He sometimes proposed to offer himself as a counsellor to one of the kings of India; and at others resolved to dig for diamonds in the mines of Golconda.
t 7. One day, after some hours passed in violent fluctuation of opinion, sleep insensibly seized him in his chair. He dreamed that he was ranging a desert country, in search of some one that might teach him to grow rich; and, as he stood on the top of a hill, shaded with cypress, in doubt whither to direct his steps, his father appeared on a sudden standing before him. “Ortogrul," said the old man, “I know thy perplexity ; listen to thy father: turn thine eyes on the opposite mountain.”
8. Ortogrul looked, and saw a torrent tumbling down the rocks, roaring with the noise of thunder, and scattering its foam on the impending woods. “Now," said his father, “behold the valley that lies between the hills.” Ortogrul looked, and espied a little well, out of which issued a small rivulet." Tell me, now," said his father, “dost thou wish for sudden affluence, that may pour upon thee like the mountain torrent; or for a slow and gradual increase, resembling the rill gliding from the well ?”
9. “Let ine be quickly rich," said Ortogrul ; “let the golden stream be quick and violent.” “Look around thee,” said his father, " once again.” Ortogrul looked, and perceived the channel of the torrent dry and dusty ; but following the rivulet from the well, he traced it to a wide lake, which the supply, slow and constant, kept always full. He awoke, and determined to grow rich by silent profit, and persevering industry
10. Having sold his patrimony, he engaged in merchandise; and in twenty years, purchased lands, on which he raised a house, equal in sumptuousness to that of the vizier; to which he invited all the ministers of pleasure, expecting to enjoy all the felicity which he had imagined riches able to afford. Leisure soon made him weary of himself, and he longed to be persuaded that he was great and happy. He was courteous and liberal: he gave all that approached him nopes of pleasing him; all who should please him, hopes of being rewarded. Every art of praise, was tried, and every source of adulatory fiction, was exhausted.
11. Ortogrul heard his flatterers without delight, because he found. himself unable to believe them. His own heart told him its frailties; his own understanding, reproached him with his faults. “How long,” said he, with a deep sigh, “ have I been labouring in vain to amass wealth, which at last is useless ! Let no man hereafter wish to be rich, who is already too wise to be flattered.” DR. Johnson.
Sub SECTION VI.
bir kere og 1. In that season of the year, when the serenity of the sky, the va cious fruits which cover the ground, the discoloured foliage of the
trees, and all the sweet, but facing graces of inspiring autumn, open the mind to benevolence, and dispose it for contemplation, Twas wandering in a beautiful and romantic country, till curiosity began to give way to weariness; and I sat down on the fragment of a rock overgrown with moss; where the rustling of the falling leaves, the dashing of waters, and the hum of the distant city, soothed my mind into a most perfect tranquillity; and sleep insensibly stole upon me, as I was indulging the agreeable reveries, which the objects around me naturally inspired.
2. I immediately found myself in a vast extended plain, in the middle of which arose a mountain, higher than I had before any conception of. It was covered with a multitude of people, chiefly youth, many of whom pressed forward with the liveliest expression of ardour in their countenance, though the way was, in many places, steep and difficult.
3. I observed those who had just begun to climb the hill, thought themselves not far from the top; but as they proceeded, new hills were continually rising to their view; and the summit of the highest they could before discern, seemed but the foot of another, till wie mountain at length appeared to lose itself in the clouds. As I was gazing on these things with astonishment, a friendly instructor suddenly appeared : “The mountain before thee,” said he, “is the Hill of Science. On the top is the Temple of Truth, whose head is above the clouds, and a veil of pure light covers her face. Observe the progress of her votaries, be silent and attentive.”
4. After I had noticed a variety of objects, I turned my eyes toward the multitudes who were climbing the steep ascent, and observed amongst them a youth of a lively loe a piering eye, and something fiery and irregular in all his mou ons. His name was Genius. He darted like an eagle up the mountain, and left his *companions gazing after him with elvy and admiration : but his progress was unequal, and interrupted by a thousand caprices. When Pleasure warbled in the valley, he mingled in her train. D05. When Pride beckoned towards the precipice, he ventured to the tottering edge. He delighted in devious and untried paths; and made so many excursions from the road, that his feebler companions often outstripped him. I observed that the Muses beheld him with partiality; but Truth often frowned, and turned aside her face.
6. While Genius was thus wasting his strength in eccentric flights, I saw a person of very different appearance, named Application. He crept along with a slow and unremitting pace, his eyes fixed on the top of the mountain, patiently removing every stone that obstructeù his way, till he saw most of those below him, who had at first derided his slow and toilsome progress.
7. Indeed, there were few who ascended the hill with equal and uninterrupted steadiness; for, besides the difficulties of the way, they were continually, solicited to turn aside, by a numerous crowd of appetites, passions, and pleasures, whose importunity, when once complied with, they became less and less able to resist : and though they often returned to the path, the asperities of the road were more severely felt; the hill appeared more steep and rugged; the fruits, which where wholesome and refreshing, seemei harsh and ill tasted; their sight grew dim; and their feet triptas every little obstruction.
8. I saw, with some surprise, that the Muses, whose business was to cheer and encourage those who were toiling up the ascent. would often sing in the bowers of Pleasure, and accompany those who were enticed away at the call of the Passions. They accompanied them, however, but a little way; and always forsook them when they lost sight of the hill. The tyrants then doubled their chains upon the unhappy captives; and led them away, without resistance, to the cells of Ignorance, or the niansions of Misery.
9. Amongst the innumerable seducers, who were endeavouring to draw away the votaries of Truth from the path of Science, there was ons, so little formidable in her appearance, and so gentle and languid in her attempts, that I should scarcely have taken notice of her, but for the numbers she had imperceptibly loaded with her chains.
10. Indolence, (forso she was called,) far from proceeding to open hostilities, did not attempt to turn their feet out of the path, but contented herself with retarding their progress; and the purpose she could not force them to abaridon, she persuaded them to delay, Her touch had a power like that of the torpedo, which withered the strength of those who came within its intiuence. Her unhappy captives still turned their faces towards the temple, and always hoped to arrive there; but the ground seemed to slide from beneath their feet, and they found themselves at the bottom, before they suspected they had changed their place.
11. The placid serenity, which at first appeared in their countenance, changed by degrees into a melancholy languor, which was tinged with deeper and deeper gloom, as they glided down the stream of Insignificance, a dark and sluggish water, which is curled by no breeze, and enlivened by no murmur, till it falls into a dead sea, where startled passengers are awakened by the shock, and the next moment buried in the gulf of Oblivion.
12. Of all the unhappy deserters from the paths of Science, none seemed less able to return than the followers of Indolence. The captives of Appetite and Passion, could often seize the moment when their tyrants were languid or asleep, to escape from their enchantment; but the dominion of Indolence, was constant and unremitted ; and seldom resisted, till resistance was in vain.
13. After contemplating these things, I turned my eyes towards the top of the mountain, where the air was always pure and ex hilarating, the path shaded with laurels and evergreens, and the effulgence which beaned froin the face of Science, seemned to shed a glory round her votaries. Happy, said I, are they who are permitted to ascend the mountain! But while I was pronouncing this exclamation, with uncommon ardour, I saw, standing beside me, a form of diviner features, and a more benign radiance, ,
14. Happier," said she, “are they whom Virtue conducts to the Mansions of Content.” “What," said I, “ does Virtue then reside in the vale?” “ I am found,” said she, " in the vale, and I illuminate the mountain. I cheer the cottager at his toil, and in spire the sage at his meditation. I mingle in the crowd of cities, and bless the hermit in his cell. I have a temple in every heart
that owns my influence, and to him that wishes for me, I am also ready present. Science may raise thee to eminence; but I alone can guide thee to felicity !!**
15. While Virtue was thus speaking, I stretched out my arms towards her, with a vehemence which broke my slumber. The chill dew's were falling around me, and the shades of evening stretched over the landscape. I hastened homeward, and re signed the night to silence and meditation,
AIKEN. SECTION VII. The Journey of a Day; a Picture of Human Life. 1. OBIDAH, the son of Abensina, left the caravansera early in the morning, and pursued his journey through the plains of Indos- :. tan. He was fresh and vigorous with rest; he was animated with hope; he was incited by desire; he walked swiftly forward over the vallies, and saw the hills gradually rising before him.
2. As he passed along, his ears were delighted with the morning song of the bird of paradise ; he was fanned by the last flutters of the sinking breeze, and sprinkled with dew from groves of spices, He sometimes contemplated the towering height of the oak, monarch of the hills; and sometimes caught the gentle fragrance of the primrose, eldest daughter of the spring: all his senses were gratified, and all care was banished from his heart. is
3. Thus he went on, till the sun approached his meridian, and the increased heat preyed upon his strength; be then looked round about him for some more commodious path. He saw, op his right hand, a grove that seemed to wave its shades as a sign of invitation ; he entered it, and found, the coolness and verdure irresistibly pleasant. "
4. He did not, however, forget whither he was travelling, but found a narrow way, bordered with flowers, which appeared to have the same direction with the main road; and was pleased, that, by this happy experiment, he had found means to unite pleasure with business, and to gain the reward of diligence without suffering its fatigues.
5. He, therefore, still continued to walk for a time, without the reast remission of his ardour, except that he was sometimes tempted to stop by the music of the birds, which the heat had assembled in the shade; and sometimes amused himself with plucking the flowers that covered the banks on each side, or the fruits that hurig upon the branches.
6. At last, the green path began to decline from its first tendency, and to wind among hills and thickets, cooled with fountains, and murmuring with waterfalls. Here Obidah paused for a time, and began to consider whether it were longer safe to forsake the known and common track; but remembering that the heat was now in its greatest violence, and that the plain was dusty and we even, he resolved to pursue the new path, which he supposed only to make a few meanders, in compliance with the varieties of the ground, and to end at last in the common road..
7. Having thus calmed his solicitude, he renewed his pace, though he suspected that he was not gaining grour.d. This uneasiness of his mind, inclined him to lay hold on every new object, and give way to every sensation that might sooth or divert him He listened to every echo; he mounted every hill for à fresh prospect; he turned aside to every cascade; and pleased himself with' tracing the course of a gentle river that rolled among the trees, and watered a large region with innumerable circumvolutions.
8. In these amusements, the hours passed away unaccounted; his deviations had perplexed his memory, and he knew not towards what point to travel. *He stood pensive and confused, afraid to go forward, lest he should go wrong, yet conscious that the tinse of loitering was now past. While he was thus tortured with uncertainty, the sky was overspread with clouds; the day vanished from before him; and a sudden tempest gathered round his head.,
9. He was now roused by his danger, to a quick and painful remembrance of his folly; he now saw how happiness is lost, when ease is consulted; he lamented the unmanly impatience that prompted him to seek shelter in the grove; and despised the petty curiosity that led him on from trifle to trifie. While he was thus reflecting, the air grew blacker, and a clap of thunder broke his meditation.
10. He now resolved to do what yet remained in his power, to tread back the ground which he had passed, and try to find some issue where the wood might open into the plain. He prostrated himself on the ground, and recommended his life to the Lord of nature. He rose with confidence and tranquillity, and pressed on with resolution. The beasts of the desert were in motion, and on every hand were heard the mingled howls of rage and fear, and ravage and expiration. All the horrors of darkness and solitude, surrounded him : the wind roared in the woods, and the torrents tumbled from the hills.
11. Thus forlorn and distressed, he wandered through the wild, without knowing whither he was going, or whether he was every moment drawing nearer to safety, or to destruction. At length, not fear, but labour, began to overcome him; his breath grew short, and his knees trembled; and he was on the point of lying down in Tesignation to his fate, when he beheld, through the brambles, the glimmer of a taper
12. He advanced towards the light, and finding that it proceeded from the cottage of a hermit, he called humbly at the door, and obtained admission. The old man set before him such provisions as he had collected for himself, on which Obidah fed with eagerness and gratitude.
13. When the repast was over, “Tell me," said the hermit, dy what chance thou hast been brought hither? I have been now twenty years an inhabitant of the wilderness, in which I never saw a man hefure." Obidah then related the occurrences of his jour ney, without any concealment or palliation.
14. “Son," said the hermit, “let the errors and follies, the dangers and escape of this day, sink deep into thy heart. Remember, my son, that human life is the journey of a day. We rise in the morning of youth, full of vigour, and full of expectation; we set forward with spirit and hope, with gaiety and with diligence, and travel un a while in the direct road of piety, towards the mansions of rest.