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INDEX.

Aalesund, the birthplace of Olaf, 242.
"Activity of matter," its dependence on
heat, 18.

Epyornis maximus, large egg of the, 376.
"All flesh is grass," 345-352.
Amaranth, the, or immortality, 345–353.
America, number of new works and re-
prints in, 422.

Amphipods, order of, 165.
"Anatomy," the, by Rembrandt, descrip-
tion of, 257, 258; secured for the Na-
tional Museum of the Hague by the King
of Holland, 258; engraving of, 265.
Angus, Dr., his edition of Butler's Analogy,

421.

Animals, remains of, found in stratified or
aqueous rocks, 3; succession of races of,
that have lived on the globe, 9.
Apostolical succession a fiction, 74, 85;
tendency of those holding this tenet to
have false views of Christianity, 85.
Apteryx, or wingless bird of New Zealand,
371-376; species of, 371, 372; its struc-
ture, 373; its eggs, 375, 376.
Aqueous, or sedimentary, or stratified
rocks, 2 remains of animals found in,
3; succession and position of, 4, 5.
Arachnida, 25-33.
Argyroneta aquatica, construction of its
nest beneath the water, 28, 29.
Armadillo or wood-louse, 164.
Armenians in Turkey, success of Ameri-

can missionaries among, 215.
Ascidia, 335, 336.
Athens, inordinate desire for knowledge
in the students at the universities of,
154, 155, number of newspapers and
printing-offices in, 156, note; mean con-
dition of the houses in, 156.
Autographs of celebrated men, 136.
Autumn, its teachings, 266-272.

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Bodoe, bay of. 318; the Gjestgiver of, 319;
manners and habits of its inhabitants,
319, 320; school in, 320, 321.
Bohemia, two hundred ministers banished
from, 211.

Books, elements which enhance the price
of, 138; remarkable prices given for,
138, 139; valuable, now easily attained,
149.
Botryllidæ, 336.

Boutigny, M. his experiments on heat, 23.
Bray, Mr., experiment by, on a logan stone,
367.

Brewster, Sir David, Life of Sir Isaac
Newton, 71.

Brine-shrimp, 164.

British forefathers, homes of our; Dart-
moor, 273-282, 361-370.

British Mining: Coal, 121-128; Iron, 384-
390.

Brodie, Rev. J., The Rational Creation, 421.
Bronze, knowledge of, possessed by the
ancients, 384.

Burnett Prizes, 70, 143.

Bute, Mr. Spence, his researches on the
organs of crustacea, 131, 132.

Byron's Siege of Corinth, extract from,
195, note.

Cairns, 282.

Caligus, 162.

Calvin, John, Letters of, 143.

Cap of liberty, or Torbay bonnet shell,

404.

Castellane, John, suffers martyrdom, 209.
Cecchetti released from imprisonment by
the Grand Duke of Tuscany, 142.
Cephalopoda, 405.
Charcoal, its use in iron-making previous
to the discovery of coal, 385, 386; enact-
ments concerning its manufacture, ib.
Cheese-mites, 33.
Chemical power of the sunbeam, its pho-
tographic effects, 17.

China, progress of the Gospel in, 422.
Chinese, opening of a place for Christian
worship by them at Sacramento, Cali-
fornia, 215.

Choke-damp, or after-damp, 127.
Chondracanthus, its hooked foot-jaws, 162.
Christian and ecclesiastical sacerdotalism,
73-86.

Christianity, the contrasts it presents to
other religious systems, 73, 74, 81; its
divine origin, 83.

Cilia, action of, in conchifera, 401.
Clay-iron ores, 386.

Coal, method of determining its position,
121; sinking the shafts for, 121, 122;
methods of extracting, 123, 124; wind-

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224.

Demoniacs not insane persons, 225, 226.
Demons, the gods of the heathen, 219;
casting them out a distinguishing mark
of the Messiah, 223.
Dewdrop, the, 396-398.

"Devil," never employed by the sacred
writers in the plural number as applied
to evil spirits, 219.

Dibdin, Dr., his account of the sale of Val-
darfer Boccaccio, 139, 140.
Dickens, Mr., new work by, 357.
Dinornis giganteus, or Moa, its large egg,
376.

Dodo, an extinct bird, 370.
Drewseignton, cromlech at, 366.
Druidical temples, 364.

Ear, its division into three parts, the outer,
middle, and inner, 184; functions of its
various parts, 188, 189; its discrimination
of sounds, 189.

Earth, its temperature dependent on the
conditions of its surface, 19, 20.
Eggs, relative sizes of, 376.
Emigrants, number of, from the United
Kingdom from 1815 to 1854, 216; amount
of money transmitted from, to Ireland
during the last seven years, ib.

English artisans, their propensity for in-
toxicating liquors, 417; their religious
indifferentism, 418.

English Letter-writers: Sydney Smith,
34-43; Dean Swift, 169-183.
Entomostraca, order of, 163.
Entozoa, why so called, 161.

Epizoa, singular manner of carrying their
eggs, 134; variety of their armature, 162,

163.

Esch, John, suffers martyrdom, 208, 209.
Europe in the sixteenth century, revival
of religion in, 208.
Eustachian tube, 185.

Evelyn, Mr., on the hunter spider, 31, 31.
Evil angels, modern theories of professed
believers respecting their existence and
agency, 217, 218; frequent allusin to,
in the Old and New Testaments, 21s,
219; are the angels who kept not their
first estate, 220; cures of persons pos-
sessed by, 222; difficulty of explaining the
permission of, 229, 230; temptation of
Christ in the wilderness by, 33s; en-
trance of, into the herd of swine, 339;
why their existence was revealed to us,
340-344; how they are to be guarded
against, 344. 345.
Excelsior! 353-355.

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INDEX.

ges in the study of, 1; its revelations of
the past mutations on the globe, 8, 9.
Gidleigh Common, ancient British temple
in, 365.

Germany, publications in, 422.
Gilly, Dr., death of, 287.
Gjestgiver, or host, of Bodoe, 319.
Glass crabs, 165.

Goodsir, Mr. H., on the power of crusta-
ceans to renew injured or lost limbs, 135.
Gossamer spider, 31.
Gosse, Mr., formation of a class for the
study of seaside natural history, 72; his
Manual of Marine Zoology, 287.
Government patronage, present mode of
dispensing, 144.

Great Fictures, Notes on: Rembrandt's
"Anatomy," 257-265.

Greece, modern, hopes raised by, in the
beginning of the present century not
realised, 153; diffusion of education in,
ib.; venality practised in, 155; intelli-
gence of the naval and commercial classes
in, 159, 160.

Greeks, their moral degradation, 154, 155;
their natural individual capacity, 154;
their desire for knowledge, 155; low
condition of their literature; their con-
tempt for husbandry, 156, 157; nature of
their religion, 157; their religious toler-
ance, 158; their character modified by
contact with strangers, 160.

Greek hermits, veneration in which they
are held, 158, 159.

Greek merchants, their devotion to their
country, 160.

Greek monasteries and monks, 159.
Greek sailors, their daring and skill, 160.
Greek women, the cultivation of the soil
committed to them, 157.

Grey Wethers, Druidical temple at, 364.
Grote's History of Greece, completion of,

357.

Gwennie: a winter's tale, 289-316.
Gyrodactylus, its armature, 162.

Hæmatite iron-ores, 387.
Hare, Archdeacon, his Psalter, 395.
Hare, the, forbidden to be eaten by the
Jews, 251; in the Holy Land, ib; its
abundance in this country, 252; its fur
and foot, ib.; its chase a favourite
pastime, 253; in captivity, 254; its teeth,
255; in the Arctic regions, 256.
Harvest-home, 266-272.
Harvest-men, or shepherd-spiders, 33.
Hay, Norwegian mode of drying, 203.
Hearing, the sense of, 184-190.
Heart-shell, 404.

Heat, its relations to matter, 17-24; its
production from the sun, 17; provisions
of the absorption and radiation of, 18-
20; regulates the liquid, solid, or gaseous
conditions of matter, 20-22; when it
does not burn, 22.
Hellene, the modern Greek's pride in the
name, 156.

425

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Insects, breathing organs of, 133.
Iron, knowledge and use of, by the ancients,
384; by the early Britons, 385; change
in the localities of, after the discovery of
coal, 386; extent and value of manufac-
tures in, 389; effect on England's com-
mercial greatness should its supply fail,
390.
Iron-furnaces, number of, in blast in Great
Britain in 1854, 388.

Iron-ore, the clay, 86; the black-band,
387; hæmatite, 387, 388; number of
persons employed in the processes of
mining for, 389.
Iron-stone, formation of the beds of, 386,
387.

Isopoda, order of, 165.

Jackal, the, translated in the sacred wri-
tings "fox," 191; is common in Syria at
the present day, 192, 196; its nocturnal
activity and fearful howl, 194; errone-
ously styled the "lion's provider," 195.

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Lawrence, Amos, his philanthropy, 65, 66.
Lawrence, Hon. Abbott, death of, 286.
Lefort, Francis, his birth and education,
145; accepts a sub-lieutenancy in the
Russian army, 146; acquires a know-
lege of the Russian language, and offers
his services to the Dutch ambassador,
ib.; enters the service of Peter the
Great, 147; undertakes the reform of
the Russian army, ib.; is created Ge-
neral, and Admiral of the fleet, 148;
his success at the siege of Asoph, 149;
his influence over the Czar, 150: ac-
companies Peter the Great to Holland,
151; his death and character, ib.
Leirdalsören, village of, 197; midnight
excursion to the fair of St. Ann's day at,
199-201.

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Noel, Mr., Notes of a Tour in the Valley of
Piedmont, 71, 72.

Norway, notes on, 49-57, 105-114, 241-
250, 317-328; its rocky coasts, 51; its
fjords, 52, 108-110, 318; midsummer
night in, 53, 54; Lutheranism the es-

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Priests, the Jewish and the heathen, 76,
77; errors of the Greek and Romish
Churches respecting, 78; the sacred
writers point to Christ as the only true
Priest and Mediator, 75-81, 86; the
guilt of those who assume to themselves
the office of, 81.

Priestcraft, a charge indiscriminately
brought against all religions, 73.
Pringle, T., account by, of a fatal encoun-
ter with a leopard, 119.

Protestant churches in France, reopening

of, 142.

Psalmody, 391-395.
Pyrosoma, 356.

427

Religious worship, bill passed for the free-
dom of, 142.
Rembrandt, his early years, 259; his suc-
cess, 260; his etchings, ib.; obscurity
and poverty of his later years, 261, 262;
his character, 262; his great power in
portrait-painting, 263.

Review of the months, 70, 141, 214, 286,
36, 419.

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, on Rembrandt's
"Anatomy," 257, 258.

Roberts, Mr. T., God and his Works, 143.
Robinson's, Dr. additional Researches in
the Holy Land, 357.

Rock-basins and pillars, 367, 368.
Roman Catholicism in Spain, 357.
Ronalds and Richardson, Drs., Chemical
Technology, 287.

Rose, the, 355, 356.

Rouse's version of the Psalms adopted by
the Church of Scotland, 392.

Rowe, Mr, on the dwellings of the early
Britons, 279, 280; on their buildings for
religious worship, 365.

Roxburghe, Duke, sale of his library, 139,
140.

Sacerdotalism, Christian and ecclesiastical.
73-86.

Safety-lamp, principle of the, 126.
Saliva, 45.

Salmon-fishing in Norway, 197.

Saltdalen, a sabbath in. 323, 324; its
church, pastor, and parsonage, 323–325.
Salten Fjord, 318.

Sand-gaper, its structure, 399.
Sardinia, King of, suppression of monas-
teries by, 334.

Sardinian soldiers in the Crimea, circula-
tion of the Scrip'ures among, 422.
Satan, the prince or leader of the evil
spirits, 220; numerous references to his
existence in the New Testament, 220,
221; the temptation in the wilderness,
221, 338; vanquished by Christ, 344.
Scallop, 402.

Scarts, island of, 110.

Schuch, Wolfgang, is burnt alive, 210.
Scorpions, 32, 33.
Scotland, results of closing public-houses
on the Sabbath in, 422.

Scriptures, their divine inspiration 341.
Sea-mats, description of, 331, 332.
Seasons, explanation of the phenomena of
the, 18, 19.

Sebastopol, capture of, by the Allies, 286.
Sedimentary rocks. See Aqueous.
Self-denial, reward arising from, 68, 69.
Sepulchre, the, 377.

Setting sun, its tubes for receiving and
discharging water, 400.

Shafts, sinking of, for coals, 121; necessity
of a greater number of, to prevent ex-
plosions, 128.

Shakspeare, high prices given for first
editions of his works, 139.
Sheffield cutler, income, expenditure, and
mode of life of a, 413, 414.

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