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This work has been done with very limited Few things are more gratifying to note means, and there is much that could not be than the steady increase of churches in small done for the want of means, and much more country villages. In the first place, isolated is now waiting for the help of charitable Catholics scattered in the midst of a ProtesCatholics. Over 80,000 Catholic Indians, tant population, are extremely likely either now forced to listen to Protestant teachings to lose the faith, or, at best in the second in church and school, must be saved from generation, be absorbed into the general the danger threatening their faith; they must population. It is impossible to tell how be provided with priests and schools. The many Catholics have thus been lost to the 40,000 heathen Sioux who, in their last Church from this cause alone since the first council, called so loudly and unanimously settlement of America. A church and for our assistance, must be attended to. resident pastor established in a village or The 50,000 Indians of Alaska, who never town where there appears to be but very few saw any clergyman but the Roman Catholic Catholics, seem to act as a magnet and atand the Greek priest, stretch out their arms tract Catholics from the most distant and to us and call upon us for our spiritual help. obscure spots. They turn up in the most
If the Catholic women of the United unexpected situations and where they would States do not hear this appeal, and give the be least expected. Then again, in the little material help that is asked of them, our country, people have more leisure and inhelpless brethren will call in vain.
clination to converse and compare notes about religion than in the city. They read
more; we believe that a Catholic paper is On the 8th of October, 1876. the Cath- read much more carefully in the country olics of San Francisco celebrated the Cen- than in the city. City people glance at a tennial anniversary of the foundation of the paper, and throw it aside ; residents in the Mission of San Dolores in the Bay of San
country read it from end to end, advertiseFrancisco, by Father Serra and his bro
ments and all. Any fairly intelligent Caththers of the Franciscan Order. The digni- olic, a Catholic of any piety and good taries of Church and State assisted at this sense, may in a country district find many grand celebration, and the addresses and opportunities for doing good and dispelling poems delivered were of a high order of prejudices. merit. There was a procession, solemn High Mass, at which the Archbishop of San Why has not the Pope denounced the Francisco preached, and other events. Bulgarian atrocities, and why do not the
Few histories are more romantic than that Catholics of Turkey take an active part in of California. Its first discovery is associated the insurrection ? These are questions that with the name of Sir Francis Drake, that have been asked, and seem to require an exbuccaneer of the sixteenth century, who planation. Cardinal Manning has answered played such havoc with the galleons of the first conclusively by saying that the the king of Spain. The peaceful settle. Holy See does not wish a “pool to become ment and earnest labors of the Franciscans a river.” If the Pope were to denounce the show us prosperous settlements and a real government of the Sultan, the massacres of and earnest effort made to turn the Amer- Bulgaria might be repeated in Syria, in ican Indian into a citizen and a Christian. Roumelia, in Armenia, in Trebisond, and Force, fraud, and cupidity bring about the in all other places where there happened to ruin of the missions, and after awhile the be defenceless Catholics in the midst of an Spanish settlements in Western America armed mob of fanatical Mohammedans. As became a portion of the rapidly growing regards the participation of Catholics in the American Union. The discovery of gold in insurrection, it must be observed that the 1848 causes a rush to San Francisco, and a avowed object of the Servians and their city springs up in a night, where wild and Russian allies is to establish a Sclavic empire, bloody deeds were wrought. The influx and in case of success it is extremely doubtof Chinese brought a new element into the ful if Catholics would benefit by the change ; country, and the construction of the Over while, if Russia should conquer, or annex land Pacific Railroad furnished a way by any of the provinces of Turkey, the suppreswhich the products of China and Japan may sion of the Catholic religion would almost reach New York, and the manufactures of follow as a matter of course. The case of New England penetrate into Pekin.
Poland shows this conclusively. The English sea captain, the Franciscan missionary, the Catholic Indian, the hardy pioneer, the miner, the Chinese coolie, have The birthday of Father Mathew was each and all played parts in this strange celebrated in England at Liverpool and drama, and the Golden Gate will perhaps London. Cardinal Manning and a large witness even stranger scenes and characters number of the English Catholic bishops are in the future.
interesting themselves in the Temperance
movement, and the “League of the Cross future, for as the resources of the country and Crusade against Intemperance" is in a are illimitable, the sources of them need but very prosperous condition, and receives large to be touched, and the streams of wealth accessions of members every month. will flow out.
The Bishop of Salford, of Liverpool, was very clear in stating that total abstinence The presence of the Holy Father in the men must not say that to break the pledge Vatican draws to Rome an immense conis a mortal sin. This is a theological and course of visitors, pilgrims, ecclesiastics, moral error, and one that Catholics must not persons of distinction, artists, etc. All these fall into.
persons spend money, some very large They must be equally careful to argue the amounts. The advantages secured to Rome question on Catholic principles. To take by this are so great that envy is excited the pledge is an act of self-denial for the among the other cities of Italy, and some benefit of the example, or it is a means of citizens of Florence have proposed that the « avoiding occasions of sin,” viz., of the Reverend Pontiff and his entourage shall be sin of drunkenness. It is not obligatory on transferred to their city. The cool impuany one. It does not take the place of any dence of this is refreshing. It shows, other virtue. It does not entitle the pledger however, incidentally that when the Italians to sneer at those who do not feel it a duty claim credit for not driving the Pope from to take it. These errors being carefully Rome, the Catholic world can say: " Thank avoided, and the movement regulated by the you for nothing !” Pius IX's presence in Church, the Catholic Temperance societies the Eternal City (although he is virtually may do much good.
imprisoned) is too profitable for its inhabit. ants for them ever to be willing to lose it.
His Eminence Cardinal Antonelli is dead! The able statesman, the firm buttress and
AMONG the disadvantages Catholic papers support of the interests of the Holy Roman
have to struggle against, the love for "sensaSee, the steadfast and intimate friend of the
of the tionalism” and “scandals" is not the least. Holy Father, the one who for nearly a quar
The whole extensive field of “ blood and ter of a century preserved and defended the
the thunder" murders, suicides, robberies, asTemporal States of the Church, the far-famed saults, and tragedies dire is closed to their Cardinal Antonelli is no more. The intelli. enterprise. The rapidity with which affairs gence although long expected was received occur nowadays makes the daily papers with great sorrow by the Holy Father and
formidable competitors; news becomes old the Church universal.
in a week. The secular press may and does He was born at Sonnino in 1806, and
often pander to popular errors and prejutherefore was over 70 years of age. He
ears of age' He dices, but the Catholic press cannot do this. was created a Cardinal Deacon in 1847, and
Some persons feel no interest in the affairs of has been Secretary of State and Prime Min
the Church in general, and of course they ister to the Pope ever since 1849. He
know what occurs in their own parish, so passed through the scenes of the Roman
they do not read the paper. Others cannot Revolution of 1848, of the French Protec
afford to indulge in what they consider at torate, and saw the capture of Rome in 1870.
best a luxury and not a necessity. He has ever since been the adviser of the Pope, and the wisdom of his advice has
THERE was an awkward hitch as regards been long evident. Full of years and hon
the presentation of the Irish address to the ors he has now gone. May he rest in peace.
American people. It seems that it is a rule that addresses from persons in foreign
countries should be presented to the PresiThe political contest being now over, it is dent through the ambassador of the counto be confidently hoped and expected that all
try they are subjects of Ireland has no sectional and sectarian strife will be forever
ambassador at Washington, and the British banished, and that the people of this coun
Minister declined to present the address try, irrespective of the antecedents of birth,
because there was an allusion in it to the and disregardful of appeals to partisan
seven centuries of tyranny which Ireland spirit, will hereafter advance in prosperity. had experienced. Accordingly Messrs, ParA general improvement in business may be
nell and O'Conner Power were not allowed confidently expected. Good government, it
to present it formally to the President. is to be hoped, will secure the decrease of
But the press has given it a wide circulataxation, the removal of incompetent and tion, and the American people, no doubt, dishonest officials, and a greater confidence
appreciate it as much as they should. in the administration of public affairs. Great as has been the national progress for the last century, it will be still greater in the The Catholic Congress of Italy assembled
on the 9th of October at Bologna, under the The Celtic tongue is receiving great atpresidency of the Cardinal Archbishop tention from scholars at the present time. Morichini. It was attended by a large con. Strange to say, the impulse did not originate course of persons, five bishops, and the rep. in Ireland, but in Germany; some of whose resentatives of the leading Catholic papers scholars have devoted years to its study, of Europe. An address was delivered by animated thereunto by the discovery of anDuke Salviati, the president. But the revo. cient manuscripts (in Latin and Celtic) in lutionary party was not idle. An organized German monasteries, written by the Irish assault was made on the Congress, and the monks in the seventh and eighth centuries. members were assaulted and beaten. All Several Gallic papers have been started in this was done with the connivance of the Scotland, and at Edinburgh University a authorities, who afterwards, instead of pun. Celtic chair is to be established, for the ishing the rioters, ordered the Congress to endowment of which $40,000 have been disperse. This outrageous act was pro already raised, and $60,000 will be raised tested against by the President and Congress, by November next. who, however, obeyed the tyrannical command.
CATHOLIC colonies in the West should be
formed, if at all, as speedily as possible. CHRISTIAN art is another subject which The same is to be said of the South. Both the Italian Congress is taking into consider
sections offer millions of unsettled and unation. Italy is the home and capital of
cultivated land to the industry of the toiler; Christian art; yet France, we believe, sup
in both the prelates and clergy are not only plies most of the religious cards, etc., which
willing, but anxious, to co-operate in any we have in America. The designs of these
way with the settlers; and as regards the are often beautiful and symbolical; but they
West, the future seat and centre of Amerare sometimes fanciful, and always have
ican empire lies there, and it is important, mottoes in French, which are lost to those
indeed, that the Catholic Church should not unacquainted with that language. We need
only hold its own there, but increase, and good religious paintings and engravings at
this cannot be done by a policy of neglect, a low cost.
carelessness, and indifference. It is a beautiful and Catholic custom to have an oratory, with either statues, pictures, etc., and even if there cannot be an oratory,
The unsuccessful attempt of the British every family should have one or more ob
Expedition to reach the North Pole (although jects of religious art. The whole subject is they came within 400 miles of it) will probone which deserves attention.
ably act as a deterrent to similar attempts for some time, unless American enterprise
should enter upon the task, and push the The discovery of a new route from Rus
exploration. sia to China by water, may produce impor
The expedition was splendidly equipped tant consequences in the near future. While
and fully provided with everything necesthe frontiers of the great Northern Empire
sary. It has discovered a good deal, still have been advanced towards India, they
the feat has not been accomplished, and the have been even still further advanced to
North Pole still bids defiance to the courage wards China. China would afford a greater
and ingenuity of man. field than even India for Russian ambition. Its population, although immense, is cowardly and unwarlike, and no European CONVERTS to the Catholic Church, parnation holds it in subjection already.
ticularly if they are clergymen, are beset by Even if annexation is not possible, the many difficulties. Laymen, who have always trade of China is very valuable.
been regarded as laymen, can adapt them
selves to altered circumstances, but a ProtThe progress of the Turks, their capture
estant minister finds it very awkward to emof Djunis, and the danger of Servia's sub
bark in commercial or industrial pursuits. jugation, induced the Czar to dispatch his
His whole previous mental training and
habits unfit him for it. Sometimes they take ultimatum to Turkey on October 31st, demanding an immediate cessation of hostili
to lecturing, and sometimes they succeed in ties and an armistice. The more danger
obtaining situations in colleges, schools, and there is of Servia's complete subjugation by
seminaries, but very many sink into obscuTurkey, the more likelihood of Russian as
rity, and their talents are lost to the church. sistance. Turkey's victories are her real peril; should the prudence and moderation SHORT, plain tracts, written in an easy colof the Porte be superior to the fanaticism loquial style, and dealing with popular misof its Mohammedan subjects, war will be apprehensions on religious subjects, would averted, at least for the present.
be very convenient to send to friends. Such
a series exists in England, called the Clifton exhibition. The British and Japanese Gov. Tracts, and they have done an immense ernments have presented their buildings to amount of good. They might be on such the City of Philadelphia. subjects as these : “ Why Mass is said in Latin," " Why priests do not marry," “ Why
The Toronto Mail says, there are 1,150,000 the Pope is Head of the Church," “ What
Catholics now in the Dominion of Canada, is the Mass ?” “ What is Purgatory," " What
t and 243,016 in the maritime provinces, or is the use of Holy Water," * Why do Cath
nearly half of the total population. olics have so many ceremonies," “ Do you
Catholicity in Canadn is in a flourishing go to Confession ?" etc., etc.
condition. The University of Lowel has
been raised to the rank and power of an CHURCHES, chapels, and hospitals increase
established institution of the Holy See. It rapidly in number. In St. Louis the Church is chartered by the government, and an exof the Holy Name was dedicated lately,
perience of a quarter of a century has estaband in Chicago the Church of the Nativity
lished it on a firm basis. had its corner-stone laid. In small towns churches are being erected all the time.
WHILE Bismarck's minions are enforcing New St. Agnes's Hospital, Baltimore, the anti-Catholic laws, the Catholics are at has been completed. It cost $120,000.
work. The great annual meeting of the The Cathedral of Dubuque has been im
Catholic Unions of Germany has just been proved, and the new Cathedrals of Erie and
concluded at Munich. The late president, Hartford are being pushed forward rapidly. Baron von Loe, is now in a Prussian gaol. The great Cathedral of New York is being
Count Proschma, a Silesian nobleman, preplastered
sided over the meeting. The meeting was attended by Mgr. Bianchi, the Papal nuncio,
and by the Archbishop of Munich. Repreat Bologna, has a section devoted to the
a section devoted to the sentatives of Catholic unions and associaconsideration of Catholic hospitals. This
tions attended from every part of Germany. subject is equally important here. There
A breve from the Pope, addressed to the are a large number of hospitals, but if more assembly, insisted upon the duty of the Cathfree beds were founded by charitable donors,
olics of Germany to reject every compromise, the amount of good they could accomplish as the present conflict between the Church would be enhanced. The management is
and State was not on matters of detail or of good, the nurses are excellent, but the libe- discipline, but touched on vital principles rality of Catholics does not, as it should. essential to the preservation of the Catholic secure a sufficient endowment. This is because the majority of wealthy Catholics have not bestowed thought on the matter.
The question of establishing a Catholic national university has been ably discussed
by Right Rev. Bishop Becker in the Amer. It will be very difficult for the Catholics
ican Catholic Quarterly Review. In the of America to establish a satisfactory condi
current number the learned Doctor suggests tion of parochial education without normal
a plan for the organization and management schools for the training of teachers. The
of the proposed university, which it would capability of imparting instruction is not one
be well for all who are in sympathy with
him in this noble movement to ponder that comes by instinct, nor is it identical with the capacity or love for acquiring informa
carefully. No one doubts the usefulness, if tion. The English and Irish Catholics
not the necessity, of such an institution as have such schools, and we believe that the
Doctor Becker is so zealously striving for, German Catholics have likewise one in
though some question the possibility of its America, but three or four at least are
success at the present time. To this latter required.
class, we doubt not, the action in question will prove a revelation.
As for ourselves we are of the opinion The Centennial Exhibition has been a that no obstacles are too great to be oversurprising success. 7,000,000 of cash vis. come in the attainment of a legitimate obitors have paid all expenses and left a hand- ject; and if the Catholics of the United some balance. The Main Building will be States want a university, all they have to do retained, and be the scene of a permanent is to say so, and go to work and build it.
COMMON SCHOOL LITERATURE, English Of Sir Francis Bacon as a writer, we
and American. With Several Hundred learn that “he is especially honored as the Extracts for Literary Culture. By J. Willis father of inductive philosophy; his most Westlake, A. M., Professor of English profound work is Novum Organum, but his Literature in the State Normal School, most popular one is his essays;" only that, Millersville, Pa. Philadelphia : Sower, and nothing more. How much information Potts & Co., 1876.
is given respecting other writers of this age This work, as we learn from its preface,
may be inferred from the following notices, aims at fulfilling a very important purpose,
which we give in full : " to show the growth of our literature “THOMAS HOBBES (1588–1679), an emithrough its various eras, to present a concise nent philosopher, author of the Leviathan.” view of the lives and characters of its repre- “SIR THOMAS BROWNE (1605-1682), a sentative authors, and to bring forth from quaint and powerful writer, author of Rethe thought treasures of our language a va- ligio Medici (Religion of a Physician),” etc. riety of literary gems for the enrichment of These are fair examples of how much the mind of the student." All this the real information is given in the work reauthor “aims” to accomplish, and evi- specting English literature in the different dently thinks he has accomplished in a small periods and subdivisions of periods into 16mo. work of 152 pages. This, of itself, which the writer divides it. in our opinion shows how utterly unac- His own literary ability may be inferred quainted he is with the nature and extent of from the following sentences taken from the task he has undertaken. We were not page 9: “The literature produced in Eng. surprised, therefore, on passing beyond the land from about 450 to 1050 A.D. were in preface and looking into the body of the Anglo-Saxon, now a dead language. Those book, to find it mainly a catalogue of the produced between 1050 and 1350 were in a names of writers, more or less well known dialect which was neither Anglo-Saxon nor in the English language, arranged according English,” etc. to the order of time. The remarks respect. We have referred to the selections. They ing the literary productions of these writers exhibit a lamentable want of discrimination, are necessarily brief, and by no means dis- or rather want of ability to make the extract criminating or critical. They frequently con- show the distinguishing character of the sist of the vaguest generalities, such as “one writer. Take, for example, John Ruskin, of the brightest ornaments of the age," "one who, Dr. Westlake says, was “the greatest art of the greatest men that ever lived," “ the critic of his time.” . Here are three out of only great genius that flourished in this age," the four selections Dr. Westlake makes to “one of a brilliant galaxy,” “one of the illustrate Ruskin's critical ability : most learned men of his day," etc., etc. “I believe the first test of a truly great
Taking the “ Elizabethan Age" as a man is his humility. sample, we turn to Shakspeare. After a “None can love God nor his human biographical sketch of eight lines, from which brother without loving all things which his we learn that Shakspeare was born at Strat. Father loves. ford-upon-Avon 1564, married, went to “Every great man is always being helped London, “obtained both fame and fortune," by everybody, for his gift is to get good out retired to Stratford in 1611, and died in of all things and all persons.” 1616, we are told that “his greatest works If it were intended to exhibit Ruskin as are his dramas," that "these may be classi- a moral philosopher these extracts would fied as to their nature into Tragedies and answer quite well, but how they prove him Comedies; as to their origin into Historical to have been an eminent "art critic" it is and Fictitious;" and that “the historical difficult to understand. plays may be still further divided into Au- The work is not less objectionable on ihentic and Legendary." With the exception account of its sectarian bias than it is faulty of the titles of four of the tragedies, three of in other respects. It is expressly designed the comedies, and four of the historical as a text-book to be used in the public plays, which Mr. Westlake selects as the best, schools, and we presume will be generally This is absolutely all Mr. Westlake can say introduced into them. Dr. Westlake is Proabout Shakspeare. The selections appear fessor of English Literature in the State Norto have been made with no other idea than mal School at Millersville, Pa., the leading that of brevity. There are two selections of State Normal School in Pennsylvania. Octhree lines each ; two of six lines, and one cupying that position he should endeavor, of eleven lines.
and we presume has endeavored to be what