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ing St. Peter's chair. Look back a thousand topher Wren, to the humbler forms of inor fourteen hundred years, and the members dustry. of the same order are seen cultivating the When Catholics were, heretofore, comwaste places of the earth and aiding in the pelled to worship in small churches, in dingy civilization of desolated Europe.
corners, the fastidious were scornful. Now, And now, in the nineteenth century, and when elegant and costly churches are erected, on a continent new to civilization, we see the croakers grumble. But there are, forthere is still work to be done by the Bene tunately, few of them, and they of little dictines, and that still there are Benedictines influence. to do it. They seem as imperishable as the Church itself.
The Bishops of the Province of Quebec,
in a recent pastoral, say: "Let us suppose a Why do Catholics, who are generally of candidate or a party openly declaring an inthe poorer class, build such fine and expen- tention to destroy the Catholic Church, is it sive churches? Is it not extravagance when not evident that no Catholic may, without there are so many poor? A very plain committing grave sin, vote in favor of such question this, and one which requires a very a candidate or such a party? And, in such plain answer, as it may not have occurred a case, which we suppose here in order to to every one to consider the subject care. make our thought more evident, in such
case, we say, is it conformable with the In the first place, the very genius and most elementary notions of justice and reason essence of the Catholic religion requires it. that a priest should be condemned to keep The very centre of the Catholic faith is the silent, or only make himself understood by belief that Jesus Christ is really present in timid counsels, advice, recommendations or our temples, as much so (although in a differ- exhortations, instead of speaking out squarely ent manner) as he was in Judea and Galilee, what is the strict and religious duty of a eighteen hundred years ago. Consequently child of the Catholic Church? This is, an ideal and perfect church edifice is noth- however, the consequence which appears to ing more nor less than a palace for a great us to result from this passage of the judgKing, a hymn of praise and adoration in ment in question: I admit without the stone, a petrified act of adoration, so to slightest hesitation, and with the sincerest speak. This reason is of itself all-sufficient. conviction, the right of the Catholic priest
Secondly, " a liberal soul deviseth liberal to preach on the definition of religious dogma things.” If liberality is cultivated as a and every point of ecclesiastical discipline ; habit of mind by the custom of giving lib. I deny to him, in the present instance, as in erally to churches, then equal liberality will every other analogous one, the right to inbe shown in other matters.
dicate any individual or any political party, Find a country where there is no liberality and to signalize or denote one or the other in erecting churches, and you will find a to public indignation in accusing them of country where there is no liberality to the Liberal Catholicism or any other religious poor. Show us a parish where there is care- error. And, above all, I deny to him the lessness about the church, and there will be right of saying that he who contributes to found carelessness about the school. Ob- the election of such a candidate commits a serve a parish where faith is so dead that great sin.'” “ anything will do for the church” (if there T his judgment lately given in a Canadian is such a parish); and it will be found, also, court touches very important issues, and to that anything will do for the poor, or the these we have before referred. The declaschools, or the Pope, or the people. The ration of the Bishops of Quebec is plain and principle is the same even in Protestant seems conclusive. Party lines seem broader countries. In England, for a century, faith in Canada than they do here, and perhaps was dead in every form of religion, the that is why it seldom becomes necessary for people spent no money on their own churches, such questions to be discussed here. But and the poor lived, suffered, and died in un- the day may not be far off when the issues speakable misery, sin, and degradation. will have to be met even in the United States. What was saved from the church was spent in selfishness, not on the poor. This is a The Irish Land Bill was rejected by an rule with no exceptions.
overwhelming majority last month in the The third point is the building of churches, British Parliament. This is due partly to economically considered, employs a whole the fear of the landed proprietors that it host of persons-architects, painters, sculp- would impair their rights, partly to the extors, builders, bricklayers, plasterers, car- isting prejudice against all reforms, which is penters, stonecutters, roofers, plumbers. It shown by the strength of the present Congives occasion for the exhibit of every va. servative Cabinet, and partly by the public riety of talent, from the genius of a Michael attention being so exclusively fixed on afAngelo, a Bramante, a Pugin, a Sir Chris. fairs in the East.
MONSEIGNEUR Nardi deserves more than British North AMERICA extends from a passing notice. He is dead, but the influ- Newfoundland northwest to the Pacific at ence of his exertions will be long felt in the Vancouver's Island, and northward to the Catholic press. He highly appreciated the farthest region yet reached by the Arctic eximportance of cultivating and increasing plorers. The Dominion, including NewCatholic papers. He wrote for the Voce foundland, contains 3,524,182 square miles, della Verita and other Catholic papers; he exclusive of Newfoundland, which has wrote also a number of plain religious tracts 146,536 inhabitants; the population of the of great value in disabusing the minds of Dominion in 1871 was 3,485,761, of whom people in Italy who had been perverted by 1,492,029, or about 43 per cent. were Caththe revolutionists.
olics. There are five archiepiscopal provCatholic journalism is, nowadays, not inces, Quebec, Halifax, Toronto, Boniface, merely a luxury but a necessity. Every one and Oregon, containing twenty-two dioceses, reads, every one is familiar with the events some of them vicariates apostolic. Newof the day, consequently if the Catholic side foundland has two dioceses, a prefecture of these events is not placed before them, apostolic, and about 120,000 Catholics, and erroneous ideas and prejudices are con- is immediately subject to the Holy See. firmed. No ordinary talent is needed to The Archbishop of Oregon, in the Republic make a good Catholic paper. It needs of the United States, has spiritual jurisdicjudgment, industry, perseverance, familiarity tion of the suffragan See of Vancouver's with, at least, English literature, loyalty to Island, within the Dominion of Canada, and acquaintance with Catholic faith and while the French Islands of St. Pierre and practice, a good share of brevity and good Miquelon, within Canadian waters, are temper, and a capacity of stating old truths under a prefecture apostolic. These twentyin a fresh manner. These qualities are not five or more dioceses present the most often found combined, and consequently we divergent features as to physical position often see failures, and oftener still successes and extent, population, race, civilization, that ought to be failures. No doubt, how- foundation, and relation to government. ever, the tone and style of Catholic periodi. cal literature in this country is improving rapidly. It is in nearly every country, in
The protocol is signed, and the horizon Germany and Italy, as well as in America.
"" shows the dawn of peace. The Turks have
a year's grace. Turkey and Russia will disSINCE the happy death of the venerable arm gradually. England, France, Germany, Brother Philip, Superior-General of the
Austria, Italy, and Russia will have an eye Order, no Christian Brother has left, at his
on the Christians in Turkey, and hold the departure from this earthly scene, a greater
Turkish government responsible if outrages void in its well-filled ranks than Brother
are perpetrated on them, and the Ottoman Facile. He filled various offices of honor
Parliament will apply itself to the settlement and trust in the Institute of the Christian
of the entangled affairs of the empire. MonBrothers during his long life in holy re
tenegro will get a seaport, and Servia remain ligion, amongst others that of Assistant Su- a tributary of the Porte as formerly. perior-General; but particularly Brother
At least this was the case at first sight, Visitor to the American Province that is to But lo and behold, Turkey declines, accordsay, the United States and British America.
ing to later accounts, either to give a seaport Few persons really appreciate the sublime to Montenegro, or to disarm, or to have self-sacrifice of a Christian Brother. He anything to do with the protocol in any gives up his name, his property. his free. shape. The blood of the Ottomans is up. will; he gives up all hope of enjoying the
they have been buving enormous quantities joys of domestic life; he devotes himself to of ammunition from America, and they seem a task irksome and full of trials, the teach determined to do and die sooner than suring of wayward boys, who cannot appre
render an inch of territory or submit to any ciate his labors and trials, and who often
foreign interference. So everything looks times vex his soul and try his temper. In
cloudy again, and all eyes are once more some respects he has to give up more than
than turned on the Czar to see what Russia will a priest, for a priest retains his name, may
do now. acquire property, and is not under so much restraint. A priest may become a prelate, This is the Pope's room in the “ Palace," at all times he may have the consolation of as described by a visitor : “ The room is not having the affection and respect of a con- very large, and is almost devoid of ornament; gregation. This, we suppose, is why voca- there are but few articles of furniture, and tions for the Christian Brothers is so rare. these are of such simplicity as would suit Too much respect cannot be paid to a Chris- the cell of a Capuchin. The bed, which is tian Brother; they are heroes greater than narrow and low, is without curtains or other Alexander, Napoleon, or Cæsar,
ornaments, and very nearly resembles the
bed of a student in a seminary; there is not The Catholic members of the British even a carpet on the floor, which is of brick, House of Commons met recently in the Conso worn as to be hollowed in parts." The ference Rooms of the Palace of the LegisHoly Father, knowing that this priest's sight lature at Westminster, to take into considerwas not of the best, told him to be careful ation the most fitting way of commemorating how he should walk on the broken floor. the Golden Jubilee. The Chevalier O'Cleary The fact is that a janitor occupying a small moved a resolution, which was seconded by apartment near the door of the British Mu- Mr. Owen Lewis, that a suitable address seum could be said with as much truth to from the Irish Catholic members of Parliaoccupy that new establishment, as the Pope ment should be presented to his Holiness to occupy the Vatican Palace.
Pope Pius IX, on the occasion of his apThe Holy Father lives in the simplest proaching jubilee. style, and the Vatican is at once a large According to all appearances the forthmuseum and a small town, for the accom coming Golden Jubilee of the Episcopate of modation of the attendants and officials. the Holy Father will be very appropriately
celebrated. The celebration of the 21st of The counties of Schuylkill, Carbon, Co.
May, which is the anniversary of his nomi
nation to the See of Spoleto, was gotten up lumbia, and Northumberland, all in Penn
by the Roman laity. That of the 3d of June, sylvania, have been dissevered from the
the anniversary of his consecration, is the Ancient Order of Hibernians, as places
proper ecclesiastical Jubilee, and the occa. where the societies of this Order were in
sion on which the chief celebration will fected with Molly Maguireism. The board of directors of the Ancient
take place. Order, recently appointed at the convention
BISHOP-ELECT SPALDING will be consein New York, has published an address re
crated in St. Patrick's Cathedral, by Cardipudiating the Mollies, and declaring they
nal McCloskey, on May Ist, the feast of condemn and renounce them, and desire to
the Apostles, SS. Philip and James. Bishop be in harmony with the rules of the Catholic
Rosecrans of Columbus, O., will preach. Church,
After his consecration Bishop Spalding Experience has, however, proved that no
will preach at the dedication of St. Agnes's reliance is to be placed on these declara
Church, New York, and will subsequently tions. Bishop O'Hara declares that he was
deliver a farewell address in the Church of deceived, and his assertion is confirmed by
St. Michael, Ninth Avenue and Thirty-first that of others. No doubt the Order num
Street, previous to his departure for his bers many good and honest Irishmen in its
Western See. ranks, but a cloud rests on it, and this cloud it will take a great deal more than mere as
THERE are some changes to be noted in sertion to dispel.
the Catholic press. The Southern Cross of
Savannah has suspended, but on the other Rev. E. McQUIRK, of Wisconsin, Rev. hand a new Irish paper, called the Globe, Father Smith, S.), of Philadelphia, and has been started in New York, and the Father Titta, O.S.F., of St. Anthony's, New semi-monthly temperance paper has been York, are among the good and holy priests turned into a weekly. Another attempt is lately deceased. The ordinations are, how. being made to start a daily in Montreal in ever, very numerous this year.
place of the defunct Sun.
THE VARIOUS CONTRIVANCES BY WHICH observer of the facts of material nature of no ORCHIDS ARE FERTILIZED BY INSECTS.
ordinary merit, that he is careful, honest, By Charles Darwin, M.A., F.R.S., etc.
and sincere in his statements of the facts obSecond Edition, revised. With Illustra
served; but when it comes to the interpre. tions. New York: D. Appleton & Co., tation of facts thus faithfully recorded, dif1877.
ferences of opinion necessarily arise. And Charles Darwin is known far and wide as though the opinions of Mr. Darwin have the great supporter of a theory of life which enlisted in their support many persons of bears his name. Every one familiar with unquestionable ability and scientific attainhis writings must be satisfied that he is an ments, yet other scientists of equal ability earnestly oppose the conclusions of Mr. quire or retain property and possession of Darwin and his followers. It may be well the soil. Conflicts of race and creed .... here to say, that many of the ideas that are modified or disguised the issues and the commonly attributed to him, and for which strife, but the root of Irish discontentment, in the popular mind he has been made re. resentment and resistance was the systematic sponsible, are not really his, but are only spoliation which finally succeeded in divestinferences, often unwarranted and illogical, ing the descendants of the ancient propriewhich others have deduced from his state- tors of all interest in their native land.” ments.
The writer who can make this statement, It is not of course our intention to attempt and, in accordance with it, ignore and syshere a criticism, much less a discussion, tematically omit all reference to the princieither of Mr. Darwin's own views or of those ples both of religion and of patriotism, which that, rightly or wrongly, have been attributed formed the very soul of the long and persistto him. The limited space at our command ent struggle of the people of Ireland against renders this entirely impossible.
England's aggressions and tyranny, is clearly The book before us is a very clear expo unfitted, morally and intellectually, to give sition of ascertained facts of great interest to any fair and reliable account of that struggle. naturalists. It shows in a very conclusive An examination of the work throughout manner, how, through the agency of insects, fully bears us out in these remarks. the propagation of certain species of Orchids is effected where self-propagation is POPULAR LIFE OF OUR HOLY FATHER, impossible, and illustrates very beautifully Pope Pius IX. Drawn from the most the perfect adaptation of the organs of the reliable Authorities. By the Rev. Richard flowers to the habits of the insects which Brennan, A.M , Pastor of “ St. Rose's visit them. The different species are visited Church," New York. New York, Cinby different insects, each species having cinnati, and St. Louis: Benziger Brothers, peculiarities of structure which exactly adapt Printers for the Holy See, 1877. them to the peculiar habits of the particular insects which visit them. Thus some are
We are habitually inclined to distrust fertilized by bees, others by flies, others by
“popular" histories and biographies; commoths, etc.
posed not for the highly educated, but for While the subject of the work is of inter
The "masses” of the people, they are too est to scientists. the style in which it is frequently superficial, inaccurate, and senwritten, and the manner in which its topics
ñ which its topics sational. But the work before us is free from are treated, adapt it to the comprehension of
nof all these faults. It is a popular biography intelligent readers generally.
of our Holy Father, not in the bad but in
the good sense of the term. In other words TRANSFER OF ERIN: OR THE ACQUISITION
it is a work which avoids all technicalities OF IRELAND BY ENGLAND. By Thomas
and questions of difficult comprehension, C. Amory. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippin
and is thus well adapted to the popular cott & Co., 1877.
mind. At the same time persons of higher
education and culture will read it with inThis book has evidently cost its author terest and profit. Its publication at the presmuch labor and reading. It contains a large ent juncture of affairs is timely. Among amount of information that will be interest- other wicked machinations of evil men to ing to persons who are concerned in tracing obscure and pervert truth, false representaout the feuds and contentions of native chief- tions of the facts and events in the life of tains and English intruders into Ireland. our present Sovereign Pontiff have been reBut it starts with a false idea, which runs sorted to; and since commencing to write through it from beginning to end, and ren this notice, we have seen a paragraph in a ders it valueless as a history.
daily newspaper stating that a Liberalist, The idea to which we refer may be well known as a writer of sensational fictions, gathered from the first few sentences of the is engaged in “writing a life of Pope Pius preface:
IX.” It needs no gift of prophecy to foretell “For a large portion of the period which that a biography of our Holy Father emanat. elapsed from the Anglo-Norman invasion to ing from such a source, can be nothing else the reign of Queen Anne, the history of than a misrepresentation and a travesty from Ireland was little else than a struggle to ac- beginning to end.