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most excellent religieuse Sister Mary formed her that he also was of the Gonzaga.

same communion. Being informed The first Catholic free school in that the Catholics had no place of the United States was established at worship, he desired to know if they St. Joseph's Church in 1783. There would wish to have a church. To is no doubt that some of the fathers which the lady replied that they in those places where there was a most certainly would ; but the great resident priest, commenced the re- difficulty would be to find a clergyligious and secular education of the man; for, although there were priests children under their charge at a very in Maryland, it was impossible to early period; but this is the first free procure one from thence. He then school opened that we have any informed the lady that he was a record of.

priest and of the intention of his It has been our endeavor not to visit. Overjoyed at the sight of a extend this article beyond the period priest after so many years' privation mentioned in its title, and we have of that consolation, she communitherefore dwelt only on the rise and cated the intelligence to her Cathoprogress of Catholicity during the lic acquaintances, and invited them last century, and before Philadelphia to meet at her house. A considerahad grown into sufficient importance ble number assembled, most of whom to be elevated to the dignity of an were Germans. The priest explained Episcopal See. Much more could to them the object of his visit, and be written to illustrate the trials and a subscription was immediately comdifficulties overcome by the early menced to procure the means to missionaries in their efforts to plant purchase ground and build a church. the faith in Pennsylvania; nor was With the money raised they purpersecution the least of these. As an chased the house and lot belonging illustration of this we will give the to the lady, who also acted very following tradition, as related by generously in promoting the underthe Rev. Leonard Meale (afterwards taking."* Archbishop of Baltimore), who in Nor was this priest the only one 1796 was pastor and vicar-general in who in those times was occasionally Philadelphia.

obliged to travel incognito. The “The superior of the Jesuits in Rev. Theodore Schneider, the indeMaryland,” says Father Neale, fatigable founder of Goshenhoppen “having been informed that there and many other stations, visited New were many Catholics in the capital Jersey in 1744 to say Mass at Iron of Pennsylvania, resolved to endeavor Furnace. He was subjected to perto establish a mission there. The secutions of various kinds, and was priest assigned for this duty had an several times shot at in New Jersey. acquaintance in Lancaster, of the His medical knowledge enabled him name of Doyle, whom he visited, to cure many sick, so that he someand requested to furnish him the times travelled under the name of name of some respectable Catholic Doctor Schneider. Bishop Kenrick, in Philadelphia. Being referred to of holy memory, found the friendly a respectable old lady remarkable for garb of the Quaker very convenient, her attachment to the ancient faith, when he donned it in 1844 to make he waited on her in the garb of a his escape to Ivy Mills from the murQuaker, and after making inquiries derous fanatics who then delighted about the various denominations of in burning Catholic churches, and Christians in the city, asked first if in exterminating so far as lay in their there were any Catholics, and finally, Mr. Bernard U. Campbell in his Life and Times swered in the affirmative. He in- en

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of Archbishop Carroll, supposes, and with much reason, that this priest must have been the Rev. Father Creighton.

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power the Catholic clergy. The late Under the care of the Rev TheoRev. Patrick Rafferty, who was pas

dore Schneider, S. 7.

Men Women tor of St. Francis's Church, Fair. In and about Philadelphia, being mount (Philadelphia), during the all Germans, . . . 107 121 riots, was seen and recognized more “ Philadelphia County, but up than once in the neghborhood of the country, . . : 15 10 the State House wearing a blue dress

dress. “ Berks County, . . . 62 55

Northampton County, . coat with brass buttons. But these days of persecution have happily “ Bucks County, . . ; 14 12 passed away; they did the Church “ Chester County,. . . 13 no harm, but, on the contrary, great

" " " Irish, 9 good, for persecution is the life of Under the care of Rev. Ferdithe Catholic Church.

nand Farmer, S. 7. We have not yet referred to the In Lancaster County, Germans, 108 Catholic population of Philadelphia "

" Irish, . 22 and its environs, and this forms a nvirons, and this forms a

“ Berks County, Germans, · 4139

"Irish very important item in estimating « Chester County, Germans, .

2 the progress of the faith. It appears

16 " Irish. that in 1733, when the whole popu- “ Cumberland County, Irish, lation of Philadelphia was about Under the care of Rev. Mathias 12,000, the number of Catholics was

Manners. less than 500, that is, less than one In York County, Germans, . 54 62 in every 25 inhabitants. In 1757 " 6 " Irish, . 35 38 Lord Loudon, commander of the British forces in America, at the

692 673 command of his superiors, who were

Total number of Catholics, April 29th, alarmed at the number of Catholics "757, 1305. in the colony, especially after the It is probable that there is a mis“ French neutrals" were brought to take in this statement, either as to Philadelphia, asked that “a return the number of Catholics or as to the of all the Catholics in Pennsylvania date, for Father George Hunter, who be made out and an enumeration of was Superior of the Jesuits in this them also." It is unnecessary to country in 1765, estimates the Cathsay that these fears of a “Popish olic population of Pennsylvania in plot” were utterly groundless, never- that year (1765) at about 6000; these theless, no Catholic was allowed to he divides nearly equally into two possess arms or to do military duty, parts, communicants and non-combut he was not for that reason re- municants, including children. leased from the payment of militia In 1811, when the whole populatax, which was quite a tax in those tion of Philadelphia was 110,000, the days. What a pity there were no pub- number of Catholics was set down lic schools then! Our ancestors could at 15,000, or i to every 7 inhabihave been taxed for their support tants. In 1840 the population of without being able to use them. Philadelphia was 250,000, and the

In compliance with Lord Loudon's Catholic population was estimated at request, Rev. Father Harding pre- 45,000, or i to every 5 inhabitants. pared the following

In the thirty years, between 1811

and 1841, the whole population a LIST OF ALL THE ROMAN CATHOLICS IN PENNSYLVANIA IN 1757.

little more than doubled, while the

Catholic population more than Under the care of Rev. Robert Harding.

Jarding. trebled. And, to-day, with its popu

trehled And to-day with its ponu. In and about Philadelphia,being

lation of over 700,000, Philadelphia all Irish or English, : 72 78 has a Catholic population of nearly “ Chester County,: : 18 22 200,000, with some 40 churches and

Men Women

about 112 priests, to say nothing of Fleming, who were stricken down by its magnificent theological semin- this dire disease while attending to ary, and its numerous colleges and the sick, are also worthy of a special schools, and its benevolent and chapter. We might likewise speak charitable institutions.

of the first confirmation ever adThere is, most undoubtedly, much ministered in Philadelphia, by Father more to be said about the rise and Carroll, in 1798, whilst he was only progress of Catholicity in the time Prefect Apostolic. But all these and space we have gone over. There things, and many more we could are many good priests whose heroic mention besides, would take us far labors we could have mentioned, not beyond the space allotted to our the least among whom is the very present article. Suffice it to say that Rev. Leonard Neale, V. G., of the labors of the early missionaries Philadelphia, and afterwards Arch- in and around Philadelphia have bishop of Baltimore. His labors brought forth the most abundant during the yellow fever in the former fruits, and the little grain of mustardcity in 1793, and again in 1797 and seed has under God's providence de1798, are enough to render his name veloped into a mighty tree. Laus immortal. Fathers Geissler and Deo.

SHADOWS.

Out in the moonlight the shadows are lying

Sharply defined on the glittering snow.
Eerie and solemn the low wind is sighing,

Waking sad thoughts of the long, long ago.

Soft as the moonlight their footsteps are falling

Shadows that people my desolate room ;
Voices long hushed through the stillness are calling,

Lips cold and white flush again in their bloom.
One, with the mournful eyes, gentle Evangel

Treading earth's paths, that were thorny and dark,
Tranquilly meeting the smile of Death's angel,

Mooring in waters calm, Life's troubled bark.
One with the boyish brow lit with the brightness,

Manhood soon dims in the world's weary strife,
Bartering for wealth and ambition the whiteness

Purity shed o’er a beautiful life.
Two, with the clasped hands, stand at the altar,

Breathing the vows that but death shall estrange,
Love that in pain or care never should falter,

Shadows, earth shadows, how quickly ye change.
Swept by the cold wind the light snow is drifting,

Robing the mounds with its tissue of white,
Memory softly her white veil is lifting

From the lone graves in the sad heart to-night.

IN GOD'S KEEPING.

of rushing water, and many shouts

and cries struck her ears. She shrank AT SEA.

closer to the wall of the cabin, pulling All the last part of the afternoon her shawl around the girl. there had been a yellow light on the Little Kathleen only opened her sea, not the rich glow of an ordinary large blue eyes, and looked intently sunset, but a sickly glare which shone into her mother's face. from the edges of the cloud-masses “Lord, have mercy on us !" in the west.

And when the mother got as far A boy, who had slyly crept into as “ Holy Mary," the child answered the boat at the brig's side, looked as she had been taught, “Pray for up, singing the quaint old rhyme: us!” " Mackerel's scales and mare's tails,

“Kathleen," whispered the moMake lofty ships to carry low sails."

ther, aroused from the stupor by the The mate, too, glanced upward, little girl's voice,“ keep near to me, and, impatiently turning, drove the shut your eyes, and keep sayin' your urchin from his “coign of vantage." prayers; and here, Kathleen, darThis brig, the Hawk, was not young, lin',” she said, with a touch of that and time does not toughen fowls of prophetical inspiration which only her species. Fifteen days had she mothers have, “take these, and if been out from Liverpool; she bore anything should separate us!”— a full cargo and a few passengers, The ship shivered in every plank. mostly friends of the captain who Crash of timber, boom of thunder, were working their passage, or who and the weak voices of men ! The had been taken aboard from holy world seems to be near its end. charity. Among the latter, two or Kathleen and her child are dragged three in number, were Kathleen Bry- on deck. She feels a sharp pain in ant and her little girl. It was enough her arm which is bruised against the to make the hardest heart ache-if gangway; she faints, clutching the the hardest heart could know such old plaid shawl that holds her darthings-to forecast what such a crea- ling. ture should have to suffer in the The wild waves have not left much bustling new world, where even sym- plumage on that poor old bird, pathy would take a form which her the Hawk. Captain, mate, and warm Irish heart could never under- crew, have done their duty. The stand. She was a widow, young, two boats, with all the brig's load of timid, gentle, poor, with no one human beings, are tossing to and fro akin to her except the little child like thistle-down on a windy day.

The yellow light faded from the voice sounds even above the sky, leaving the sea a dark, unde- shrillness of the wind. finable color, throbbing as if it were " Kathleen ! my child, my child !" the heart of the universe. Then sea The men in the captain's boat and sky deepened in gloom, and the look at one another. Hawk was dark as a funeral scarf “ Too bad, too bad !” mutters from stem to stern ; a low moan came the captain ; “the girl is in the from all quarters of the sea, and the mate's boat !” winds were let loose.

“Sure, she is in God's keeping, Kathleen, in the dark cabin, clasped wherever she is,” says an old woher child tight, for a crash, the sound man, frightened by the stony look

that comes over the young mother's at home uncle knows so many young face.

ministers, that one usually has to “My child, my child !"

assume soupçon of Methodism.” Is it the wind that answers, “But when you were at Notre “Mother?” for the mate's boat is Dame you liked to go to chapel." out of sight.

The speaker was the young lady

into whose ears Alice Wesley had II.

been pouring her “ideas." She was

taller, more graceful, not as pretty IN “SOCIETY."

as Alice. Her brown hair was plainly I DON'T know much about relig- arranged in the simple Grecian mode; ion,” said Alice Wesley; “but I do and her costume, while faultless, was know what 'good' style is.”

not ultra-fashionable. Her comShe daintily held her tiny teacup plexion was not pale, but colorless, of scarlet and gold, and glanced which, with the regularity of her around the room. She was of the features, and the calm, thoughtful prevailing blonde type, with fuzzy look in her eyes, suggested a head light hair, pulled down under her of Juno on an old cameo. hat; a nose "tip tilted," as the “Excuse me; I was not listening. laureate has it, and large, blue eyes, I was watching the French Minister. which she held under fashionable I don't understand what the Presicontrol; a complexion which was dent means by letting foreign govperfect “pale roseate" in gaslight ernments send so many married men or semi-gloom, but which showed a to this country. An ambassador few freckles in daylight. She was must be unmarried, in order to give standing near a cabinet of bric-a- American girls a chance. What brac, in a costume, soft and dark, were you saying, Helen?" which seemed, like the pictures of Helen Winter repeated her senIngres, to be a study of form rather tence. than of color.

Of course. It was quite the For instance, my dear-I always proper thing to go to Mass there. speak confidentially to girls, for they It pleased the Sisters. Some more find out everything, anyhowI am tea? Have some, too. It's really ritualistic, because it is fashionable a pleasure to use these delicious to be ritualistic. It is quite as good Chinese cups. I like this kind of style here in Washington to be Cath- thing,” she said, turning to the cabolic, you know ;. but then there is inet; “here is a vase carved by something too real about you Cath- Cellini, and there, at your elbow, olics. Now, uncle declares that I some lovely amber Bohemian glass, am Irish (I am anyhow, you know) and beyond a set of Sèvres—just look and haven't any ancestors, though I at that Cupid on the plates driving do put the Wesley crest on my note- his flock of yellow butterflies; and paper; uncle picked me up some- this majolica cat!" where ; he never will tell me where, A lot of useless roba," said

-and that I ought to be a Catholic; Helen Winter, indifferently, “which but, my dear, some of you Catholics, costs money, and does nobody good. particularly the Irish, are in such It is not like a fine painting. Everyfearful style."

body can understand a picture; but She paused, to bow to a young' how many people here know whether man who had just entered the room. the shape of that vase painted by

“Felix Woodward, I declare! As Boucher is modern or antique." I was saying, it's bad form to be a “Well, Boucher vases and Minton Methodist here, although the Ad- ware means culture"ministration is Methodist, and yet “What is culture?"

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