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natural under the circumstances of the case. nary circumstances. The war has been a To the faithful generally, it did not matter bloody one, and horrible cruelties have been one way or another what nationality the perpetrated; but it was impossible for Pope was. They received him as the Servia, deprived of Russia, to continue Father of the faithful and as belonging to a contest with Turkey. The only result of no particular nationality. At the same time further hostilities would have been that the it was natural also that the people of the Turkish banners alone would have floated Papal States should prefer a native as their over Belgrade. king and temporal ruler. But now there Russia appears to be waiting for the other is no obligation on the part of the Catholic European powers to reply to her last note. world to consider the whims of the Roman In the meanwhile she has 250,000 men on people, who, to so great an extent have the Pruth and ready to cross that river en agreed to submit to the yoke of a sacrilegious route through Roumania to the Danube. tyrant and a usurping government. The England is reported to have sent a presence of the Pope in Rome is a source of note to St. Petersburg, in which she says great pecuniary profit to the Romans, on ac- that Turkey should be allowed time to count of the vast number of pilgrims and carry out the reforms she has promised. visitors it attracts; 300,000 visitors are ex The first elections for the Turkish Parliapected on the 21st of May next; therefore ment have taken place, and very singular it is no doubt proper that the choice of his results have occurred. We suppose that Cardinals, in the event of the Pope's death, when the Turks become familiar with “ Reshould not be restricted even by custom, and turning Boards," and decisions 8 to 7, they that they should be free to select a Pope of will become quite expert in constitutional any nationality.
practices. Perhaps after awhile they may have two Pashas, each with legislatures
of their own, in Bulgaria and Bosnia, and CATHOLIC writers and speakers continue
send “ Committees of Investigation” to to devote much time to the educational
Syria to see if a fair election has been had, question. But, after all, the workers are
and no “bulldozing" permitted ! those who take the most practical course. While the grass is growing the horse may starve, and while we are demonstrating that The late discoveries in Greece, on the the public school system is wrong, thousands site of Mycena, are extremely interesting. of persons have no recourse, but to avail On the 28th of November Dr. Schliemann, themselves of it, in order to give their with “ unbounded joy," informed the King children some education.
of Greece of the surprising success of his The other alternative, which is to allow labors. He thinks he has discovered the them to grow up ignorant, is not to be thought monuments of the Grecian heroes of whom of. The times do not allow it.
the traditions preserved by Pausanias make We are therefore glad to see that some mention, and the palpable evidence sustains of the Catholic papers, eschewing mere argu- the truth of the stories so familiar to schoolmentation, have gone to work to show what boys. He has unearthed the tombs of Agaare the practical steps to be taken in order to memnon, Cassandra, Eurymedon, and their secure good Catholic schools. They seem companions, who were killed while banto come to the following conclusions : queting at Mycenæ, by Clytemnestra, the
First.–Every parish should have a paro faithless wife of Agamemnon, and her parachial school. This school should not be held mour and his cousin, Ægisthus. Agamemin the basement of a church, or in a build- non had just returned from his successful ing unfit for the purpose. If, however, ne- siege of Troy, whither he had gone to assist cessity or economy compels the use of a base. his brother Menelaus in rescuing his abment, the schools should be clean, well fitted ducted wife, Helen, the sister of the corrupt up, and attractive in appearance.
and murderous Clytemnestra, when he met Second.--Endeavors should be made to his predicted fate. These discoveries seem establish good Normal Schools for the sup- to show, first, that the ancient civilization ply of teachers. Teaching is an art, and one was very much more complete than we have which it is as necessary to learn as any other supposed; and secondly, that the accounts art.
left us by the classic writers have been Third.-A regular system of grading, faithfully preserved to us by the industry of good text-books, and careful pastoral super the monks, and that these authors themvision, are imperative.
selves were faithful and accurate in their
accounts. PEACE has been concluded between Turkey and Servia on terms rather humiliat We notice, in the correspondence of the ing to the latter, but less so than the Turkish St. Louis Globe, some interesting statistics victories would have warranted in ordi- of the state of Catholicity in New York. It says : “ This is one of the great strongholds of the Turkish government to them, but that of Catholicism, being, it is said, the second they go as far as Russia would desire is not largest Catholic city in all Christendom, the fact. War between Russia and Turkey Paris only exceeding it. When it is remem- still remains imminent, and that it will be bered that we have 40,000 German Catho- a bloody and determined one may be prelics, 40,000 Irish, 25,000 French, 15,000 dicted with certainty. Italians, 10,000 Spanish, and several thousand Portuguese and other Europeans, nearly all of whom are at least nominal
PROTESTANTS often point with pride, and Catholics, the preponderance will not be with some justice also, to the daily press, wondered at. It is highly probable that and claim that the ability with which it is New York contains more determined, down- conducted, and the talent displayed in it is right Catholics than any other capital. The
an indication that Protestantism is more conchurches here number, it is said, nearly ducive to intellectual advancement than sixty of all kinds, many of them very ordin
Catholicity. But it may be news to many ary, although it is expected that the new that a far larger proportion than some supCathedral, in upper Fifth Avenue, will, pose, of the newspaper talent, both of when finished, be the finest ecclesiastical
England and America, is Catholic. The edifice in the metropolis."
London Times, Punch, and many of the We have sometimes thought that numer
Manchester and Liverpool journals have ous as are the churches and the masses cele. Catholics on their staff. The Saturday Rebrated in them, yet that still there is hardly
view, of London, has many Catholic writers; room enough for all the Catholics of New and here in America we venture to say that York to hear mass. The Cathedral of Brook
there is hardly any leading journal but what lyn has been commenced, and will cost has Catholic writers on its staff. $2,000,000.
BISHOP IRELAND says there is room in We believe we can say with truth that his colony in Minnesota for those who will there is no country in the world that pos- work, but that there is no room for “ Young sesses such an active hierarchy and clergy Americans whose tastes and talents fit them as the United States. Just look at the Al- to do anything that does not require hard manac, or at any one of the Catholic weekly labor." There is a very large number of newspapers, and the reader will be surprised these unfortunately, and we hope they will to see the number of churches built or re- diminish. It is one of the evils of the day paired, convents and schools erected, mis that the notion of "genteel employments," sions given and priests ordained. In every that curse and bane of English middle-class section of the country, from North to South life, is becoming far too common in America. . and East to West, the work is everywhere In England this notion causes young men the same. Immense sums are contributed to crowd the ranks of impecunious doctors, by the faithful for these purposes, and every- lawyers, etc., and it was unknown in the thing is done that these sums may be well better and purer days of America. There expended.
is no such thing as a “respectable" employ. While this is the case as regards material ment. All honest work is respectable." progress, the spiritual condition of the people is also better than in many so-called Catholic countries. We believe that, in the The discovery of an inscription in the number of Catholic communicants, in the Osprian Catacombs of Rome by Signor vocations to a religious life, in the innumer- Armellini, has forever set at rest a question able good and pious persons who live “in which, indeed, had not been ever doubted, the world and not of it," and in the intel. either by Catholics or by sincere Protestants, ligent love of many for the Church, Amer and that is the presence and residence of St. ica has no reason to fear comparison with Peter in Rome. This inscription has even any country.
converted the Saturday Review, and hence
forth that sarcastic journal will pour its vials The Conference of the great powers on
of contempt on any one who ventures to
doubt it. the Eastern question has drawn up a set of proposals to the Turkish government in reference to the reforms they demand to be car. A GRAND pilgrimage of Irish and Cana. ried into execution without delay. What dian Catholics will leave New York on these reforms are does not seem very clearly April 21st, in order to be present in Rome stated. That they go to the root of the mat- on the Golden Jubilee of the Pope's Epister is tolerably certain; that they demand a copate. American Catholics are freely invirtual autonomy for Bulgaria and consid- vited to join this pilgrimage, and we already erable reforms is evident from the resistance hear of many who intend going to Rome..
The life of the venerable Father Keenan, The British Parliament was opened by the late Pastor of St. Mary's, Lancaster, the Queen in person, but the royal speech Pa., which had extended to nearly a century, gives no indications of any change in the was marked by few events of note; but his English policy towards Ireland. We notice pastorate of over fifty years covers a large that a large number of bills on various portion of the history of the Catholic Church questions are to be brought forward. The in America. He was a contemporary of usual attempts will be made to settle the Prince Gallitzin, of Bishop England, of educational and the land questions, and Archbishops Hughes and Kenrick, as well Mr. Butt will bring forward Home Rule in as of many other saints and fathers of the the course of the session. The trouble, Catholic Church in America.
however, seems to be that the Home Rule It has often occurred to us that there must party does not command the adherence be a vast fund of information, and many either of the Nationalists proper, who look interesting details of early Catholic history to force alone as capable of obtaining for in America, rapidly passing away and being Ireland legislative and national indepenforgotten. The lives of Father Keenan and dence, or of the clergy. The party was of the Venerable Father McElroy, S. J., certainly stronger in Ireland two years ago should be written by someone well ac- than it is now. quainted with their characteristics. The former was ordained in 1821 ; the latter in 1817.
The two following items of news are
very interesting. The Rev. John Moore, A CONSISTORY of the Sacred College of
D.D., pastor of St. Patrick's Church, of Cardinals was held at Rome on Monday, Charleston, S. C., has been appointed Bishop 12th instant, at which twelve new cardinals
of St. Augustine, Fla., vice Bishop Verot, were created, viz. : Monsignor Æneas Sbar
deceased; and the Rev. Vincent Vinye, O. retti, Secretary of the Congregation of Bish
P., prior of the Dominican convent at ops and Regulars; Monsignor Frederic de
de Benicia, Cal., Coadjutor of Bishop O'Con. Falloux du Coudray, Regent of the Apostolic
li nell of Grass Valley. Chancery; Monsignor Howard, an English Prelate, one of the Pope's Domestic Chaplains; Monsignor Francesco Sayerio Apuzzo, Archbishop of Capua ; Monsignor Luigi Sera
The Rector of the American College, fini, Bishop of Viterbo, Italy; Monsignor
Mgr. Chatard, was lately attacked with fever, Barnardi, Patriarch of the West Indies;
and his eyes suffered from a dangerous Father Bernardina da Portogruaro, General
affection brought on by over study. He reof the Franciscan Order; Monsignor Lorenzo
covered from these ailments, but his phyNina, Assessor of the Holy Office; Monsig.
sician ordered rest, and recommended a nor Garcia Gil, Archbishop of Saragossa,
visit to his native land as the best means of Spain; Monsignor Payarico, Archbishop of P
bolo perfectly restoring his health. He intends Compostella; Monsignor Canova, Archbishop
to return to his important duties in Rome
in October next. of Rheims; Monsignor Caverat, Archbishop of Lyons.
There are few signs more promising for EVERY cloud has a silver lining, and the future of the Church in America, among the compensations of the present than the continued movement to and fro position in Italy, we may notice the increase between us and Rome. To Rome go many of devotion among the faithful and the of our ecclesiastical students, and it is whole world to the Pope.
generally remarked that those who study Among the measures resolved upon re- there have the “ecclesiastical spirit” garding the future conclave, is one by which strongly marked. it is established that any Cardinal may be elected to succeed Pope Pius IX, irrespective of his nationality, thus setting on HURON is the name of a new territory one side the previous rule by which which is to be formed in Dakota. It extends Italians only could be chosen. There has from Red River to the 104th meridian, with been much discussion on this point between Minnesota to the east and Montana to the the Pope and some of the Cardinals, but west. The territory is fertile, and forms a the opinion prevailed that the choice ought vast prairie, parts of which are adapted for to be absolutely free. This determination the raising of stock, and parts for the cultiwill be communicated to all the Cardinals. vation of wheat.
NEW PUBLICATIONS. THE LIFE OF OUR LIFE. By Henry James “I shall not have labored in vain if I can
Coleridge, of the Society of Jesus. Two help Catholics of all classes among us to volumes. London: Burns & Oates, become more and more practically familiar 1876.
with the gospel history. The gospels are
the inheritance of the Christian people in This work is founded on the Latin Har.
all ages, but an intelligent acquaintance with mony of the Gospels, which was published
them would be a specially powerful protecby Father Coleridge several years ago.
tion against the sophistries and illusions of The study of the Gospels, always im
our own time. From the highest forms of portant, has become specially so in this age. Protestantism down to the lowest phases of To reap fully, however, the fruits of such
opinion, hardly to be called Christianity, study, it is not enough to meditate upon from the objections which are raised under separate parts of our Lord's life, but to the name of science and history to the most endeavor to form an idea of it as a complete unsubstantial of subjective dreamings, theowhole. For this a Harmony of the Gospels logical error as well as sentimental wilfulis highly necessary; and this, too, consti- ness, Universalism, and immorality as well tutes the most important use and object of as sectarian obstinacy-all popular forms of a Harmony. The reconciling the seem- falsehood and deception-drop off into dust ing difficulties which infidels delight in before the true knowledge of our Lord. ferreting out and exaggerating forms, it is
And, on the other hand, the Four Gospels true, one purpose of a harmony, but by no contain all the heavenly lore which the means its highest purpose.
Church has developed as to the practice of The characteristic differences of the four virtue, the path of perfection, union with Evangelists have long been known and
God, the highest and most continued prayer. pointed out by the Fathers and Doctors of These are treasures which belong to all the the Church, as have also the causes of children of God, and the shrine in which these differences arising from the particular
they are all stored up is the Life of Jesus circumstances under which, and the spe. Christ." cial purposes for which, each Gospel was written. No one of them was intended, THE OFFICE OF THE HOLY WEEK, accordnor indeed the whole four, to be a complete ing to the Roman Missal and Breviary, history of our Divine Lord's life in the flesh. in Latin and English, New York: The Each of the Evangelists had a special Catholic Publication Society, No. 9 Warpurpose in view, and composed his Gospel ren Street, 1877. with that purpose constantly in his mind. The passion, death, and resurrection of One, St. Matthew, wrote specially for the in- our Divine Lord, cannot but be subjects of struction of the Christian converts in Judea; the deepest interest to every devout Christian. another for the Christians at Rome; an- The Church celebrates these great mysteries other for the Gentile converts of Asia Minor; with special solemnity. Hence, while every while the fourth and last had evidently as part of her sacred liturgy is directed to the his purpose to suppplement the history of end of celebrating the passion and death of our Lord as to matters which had not fallen the Redeemer, the Church's offices are more within the scope of the other three Evange solemn and more multiplied during Holy lists, to bring out more fully some things Week than during any other week in the which they had omitted or but slightly whole year, and are most especially adapted touched upon, and also to record more copi- to excite in the hearts of the faithful those ously than they the theological and sacra- sentiments of love and gratitude, of compasmental teachings of our Saviour and his dis- sion for our Divine Lord, of sorrow and of courses to his disciples during Holy Week. detestation of sin, which Christians ought The Evangelists may be likened, to use a always to cherish, but especially in this holy simile of the writer of the work before us, time. to four different artists, each sketching, from In the volume before us the whole liturgy different points of view, the same magnifi- of the Church for the Holy Week is colcent building. No two of the sketches will lected. For the purpose of apprehending be alike, yet each, if the artists are all accu- with full intelligence the solemn significance rate, will truly represent the building. Per- of the Church's offices, and following them sons unacquainted with the building may devoutly through the different transactions imagine that there are discrepancies in the of Holy Week, a copy of a work like this sketches, but those who are acquainted with is a great help. Thus, as is well said in the it will easily reconcile the seeming discrep- preface, “ while the pious Christian unites ancies, and be able to testify to the truthful. his voice with that of the priest and of the ness of each of the sketches.
choir, he may also penetrate the sense of The following beautiful passage from the the divine office, and sanction by the fervor preface of the work shows the design of the of his heart what he pronounces with his author and the purpose he had in view: