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The American people have a practical only a virgin ; laymen are allowed to marry exemplification to-day of the truth of the only three times. The Greek, like the Cathproverb that “history repeats itself.” The olic Church, accepts tradition as well as the circumstances and accidental surroundings Bible, but differs from the Catholic Church may be different, the essence is alike. in maintaining that the Holy Ghost proceeds Change the nineteenth for the twelfth cen- only from the Father, and not also from the tury, the Returning Boards and bulldozers Son. of Louisiana for the princes of Europe and their servile counsellors, the prize of to-day, viz., the presidency of the United States, for
To vote or not to vote is the question the far greater prize of the twelfth century,
among Italian Catholics, and it is one which the papal chair, and it will be understood
is generally decided in the negative. The in a moment why we meet in history with
pious think that to vote for parliamentary P
members would be to recognize the usurpa. so many instances of attempts at schism,
tion of Victor Emanuel, and they therefore and the appearance of anti-popes, “counted in" by regal influences.
leave all the voting to be done by the radiNothing but the divine protection could
cals. But in case of the death of Pope have saved the Church, and secured the suc
Pius IX (which heaven long prevent) the cession of her pontiffs for eighteen storm
case might be altered, and the twenty mil
lion of Catholics in Italy might take it into tossed centuries. The most careful pro. visions of the founders of our republic, to
their heads to vote, and then it would be secure a free choice, have been obliged to
found that the anti-Catholic zealots had not be supplemented at the end of the first cen
their own way altogether. Italy is Catholic tury, and nearly twenty years ago the choice
notwithstanding all the sins of her govern. of a President was the excuse for a seces
ing classes, and will always be so. sion, and the result was a bloody war.
The same little game may be played again. The exact provisions of the Compromise Already there are rumors that “the Catholic Electoral Bill are as follows: Where there powers. in view of the death of the Pope, is only one set of returns from any State. will exercise their rights." What rights? such vote shall be counted in due form unAnd who are the Catholic powers? The less rejected by the concurrence of both Catholic people exist everywhere; but we houses of Congress. know of no Catholic government that can be Where there are two or more sets of retrusted. Is it Italy who retains Rome, or
turns from a State, and the Houses disagree Austria, or Spain, or Portugal, or Belgium, as to which should be counted, then all or France ? all of which States have Cath points of law connected with the case are olic rulers to-day, but may be in a condition
to be submitted to a Board of Arbitration of revolution to-morrow. We opine that constituted in the following manner: Five the cardinals will care but little, in their Senators to be appointed by the President of choice of a new pope, for the opinion of the Senate; five Representatives to be apthese Catholic powers.
pointed by the Speaker of the House; and four Judges of the Supreme Court, who shall
select a Kfth Judge to complete the tribunal. Now that there is so much said about The decisions of the Board are to be final Russia and the Greek Church, which exists unless rejected by concurrent vote of the in that empire, the following particulars of two houses. its doctrine and discipline may be of in- The members of the Commission are: terest : The Greek Church believes in the Judge Bradley, Judge Clifford, Judge Field. Divine presence in the Eucharist. It denies Judge Miller, Judge Strong. Senator Bavard. the authority of the Pope. It rejects purga- Senator Edmunds, Senator Frelinghuysen. tory, but admits of praying for the dead; Senator Morton, Senator Thurman, Repreand forbids all kinds of carved images, butsentative Abbott, Representative Garfield. permits paintings. It denies auricular con
Representative Hoar, Representative Hunfession to be a divine command, but prac- ton, Representative Payne. tices confession attended with absolution, Of these, nine, Judges Bradley, Field, Miland sometimes penance. It admits the ler, and Strong, Senators Edmunds, Freseven sacraments, but baptism is performed linghuysen, and Morton, and Representa. by the immersion of the body three times in tives Garfield and Hoar are Republicans, water, and the communion of both kinds is
and the other six are Democrats. practiced with leavened bread, and the wine is mixed with water. The anointing of the body is allowed to all sick persons as a Hard times in the coal regions of Pennmeans of restoring them to health, and sylvania, where thousands of miners are out purifying them from their sins. The secular of work, and others working for a pittance; clergy are permitted to marry but once, and hard times in New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and other great cities, where a va is also dwelt upon, and the sickness and cant situation attracts hundreds of appli- colds often following parades is spoken of. cants; hard times in business circles, where Such are the arguments adduced against collections are difficult, and where bad debts the parade, yet we suppose that there will abound; hard times in the Southern States, be as many parades this year as ever. overburdened with taxation, badly governed, and divided in opinions on questions in which race problems are involved; hard The formation of Catholic colonies is, times generally. And yet the country is spaci we rejoice to see, exciting more attention. ous, and possesses millions of untilled acres, Bishop Ireland's colony, in Minnesota, is waiting for the axe and the plough. Let doing well, and we hear preparations are Catholics take advantage of the times, and making to form similar colonies in Texas organize colonies, who may leave the teem and other portions of the Southern States. ing cities and the barren mountains, and go The advantages of Catholic colonies are to the fertile lands which await them in numerous. If they had been started forty Texas, Minnesota, Kansas, Colorado, Cali- years ago we would not now have to mourn fornia, etc. Let the wealthy unloose their the loss to the Church of many persons, pocket-books, and the moderate contribute whose parents, isolated from any priest or according to their means, and aid to save the any Catholic influences, suffered them to poor from misery by transplanting them from grow up with little, if any, Catholic training, places where labor is superabundant to where and gradually to forget their Irish or Cathit is needed.
olic lineage, and be absorbed into the gen.
eral mass of the non-Catholic population First the church, then the school, then
around them. the pastoral residence; this is what we see is nearly the universal rule in organizing a The example of Edward Creighton, Esq., parish in America. First the church, be- a citizen of Omaha, who left $200,000 to cause without a permanent, nay, a beautiful found a college, is one that deserves to be structure in which to worship God a con- widely known and extensively imitated. gregation does not feel satisfied, and the After providing for the reasonable expectarequirements of worship are not fulfilled. tions of descendants and relatives, no better Then a good, efficient Catholic school, for way can be devised for the disposition of it is in vain to show the evils of the public wealth than founding colleges, seminaries, school system without providing good Cath- or scholarships. By this "men's good deeds olic schools. Parents will send their children live after them" most effectually, and geneto a public school, as the least of two evils, rations to come bless their memory. if there is not a good Catholic school, and sometimes when there is. Third, the pastoral residence, and thus save rents, and
The Golden Jubilee of the Episcopate of preserve the health and secure the comfort Pius IX, will be celebrated by His Holiness of the priest, who has given up family ties on the 21st of May next, and it is desired and the hopes of acquiring wealth, and lives that tributes of love and affection should be only to minister to religion. If every parish sent to Rome. Mrs. Sherman has taken in this country had all three of these requin charge of this movement in the United sites it would be a great benefit, and prog.
States, and active measures are in progress ress would be certain.
to make it a success. We cannot but urge upon all our readers the desirability of our
country taking a prominent part in the forthThe arguments against the parade on St. coming great outpouring of Catholic love Patrick's Day are as follows: First, the and fidelity to the Holy See. hard times and the expense of these displays are dwelt upon; then it is said that they only bring into prominence such per THE session of the British Parliament for sons who, caring nothing either for Ire. 1877 must see some vigorous action taken land or for the Catholic faith, seek to im- by the Irish Home Rule party, or that press the general public with the idea that party will lose its influence at home, and they are influential leaders of the Irish the advocates of repeal, or even of indeelement in America. It is also said that in pendence, will become so numerous as to some locations they provoke animosity and sweep all opposition away, and cause the rioting. It is forcibly argued that the money most formidable uprising that has ever taken spent on parades would be far better ex- place in Ireland. The Irish people are pended in schools or hospitals. The bad tired of promises, and demand deeds. A weather generally prevailing on March 17th sweeping land reform even will not do.
OUT OF SWEET SOLITUDE. By Eleanor C. argued, it is better to sacrifice art to true
Donnelly. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippin- sentiment, than true sentiment to art. Eleanor cott & Co.
C. Donnelly has proved that she should do
neither; and Catholics have a right to ask The first edition of Miss Donnelly's book for a collection of her poems comprising the of poems was so often reviewed in Catholic best—a collection which will satisfy the culpublications throughout the United States, tured and elevate the taste of the uncultured. that it seems superfluous to do aught but She has suffered most from her friends; the call attention to a second edition. Unfor. injudicious comparisons made between her tunately, however, books of poetry and fic. and Longfellow serving to enhance the merit tion very seldom meet with the thorough of neither. She possesses sufficient genius attention they deserve from Catholic maga. to stand alone among the poets; and if she zines and papers; they are “reviewed” prefers to give her life to religion and the hastily, and we fear that the publisher's poor, rather than to religion and poetic fame, name on the title-page has often more to do let us, at least, have an opportunity of judgwith the “critic's" conclusion than the ing her by her best. In her Out of Sweet merits of the author ; and it has been the Solitude, we have a casket of exquisite fate of the authoress of the book before us to gems, with here and there, few and far meet with unreasoning admiration, self-com- between, a flawed stone. The great success placent detraction, or utter indifference, from of her first venture from solitude should be writers of her own faith. Except in one a guarantee that the public would eagerly instance, we have seen no article that could receive a second. be called a critique of the book from Catholic sources. In literary circles Miss Don
The LIFE OF His Royal HIGHNESS, THE nelly's poems have been accused of a lack
PRINCE CONSORT. By Theodore Marof culture, while in other circles, not literary,
tin. With Portraits. Volume II. New the intense devotion which characterizes York: D. Appleton & Co. them obscures all faults. If we judge them The second volume of the life of Prince by the light of their arrangement in this Albert comprises a very interesting period book, we must admit that there is some truth in the history of Europe, extending from in the first accusation, for the poems are cer- 1845 to February, 1854. It was a period of tainly uneven, and near the perfect art of such agitation among the people, and of intrigues gems as “ The Bronze Berenice," “ Legend between the rulers of almost every part of of the Robes,” “ The Two Guests," "Gual. Europe, England could not avoid being berto's Victory," “ Unseen, yet Seen,” we affected by both. The relation of Prince find some verses of little value poetically, Albert to Queen Victoria, as her husband and others disfigured by that lapse of taste and consort, was a delicate and difficult one. which is as bad as the putting of metal on Under the constitution and laws of England metal in heraldry-a mosaic of French and he had no political power or status. He English words, always well chosen, but was not legally recognized as a counsellor always detracting from the good effect of the or adviser of the Queen, and even his prespoem. We need only point out as an ex- ence at the meetings of the Queen with her ample, the fauteuil in that charming lyric, ministers, her constitutional advisers, was “ The Poet's Little Rival.” And this is a on a number of occasions resented and sewilful fault against art, arising from the fact verely animadverted on by the public press that the poetess is too easily satisfied with a as officious and illegal intermeddling. rhythm or a rhyme ; having found the good, The course pursued by Prince Albert it often happens that she fails to look for under these circumstances is well brought the best. She has proved herself capable of out in this volume, chiefly by means of such perfect work that we will accept noth- copious extracts from letters of Prince Albert ing but her best. She has intense devotion, and of the Queen. pure imagination, fancy; but it must be ad- The domestic life and relations of the mitted that her poems would at times be Queen and her consort are frequently improved, if her poetic impulses were dis- touched upon and clearly brought to view; ciplined by a more thorough devotion to an and, we may add, they present a marked art of which she is the inspired priestess. If contrast in their virtuous happiness and the form of her inspiration is not always up peacefulness to those which history has reto the highest standard, the inspiration is corded of many, if not most of the sovegiven unsoiled from God; and, it may be reigns of Europe.