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XIII.

X. 434.

dral, architecture of, 11.430; sculptures yard, vii. 311, 318; school of military | CHEDUBA, island, Bay of Bengal, v. in cathedral, xxi. 562. engineering, II. 586.

454. CHARTRES, Humanist school of, xxi. CHATHAM, town, Ontario, Canada, XVII. CHEE, or Tshi, tribe and language, Gold 421. 775.

Coast, Africa, X. 756.
William de, grand-master of the , town, New Brunswick, XVII. 375. CHEEK, Anatomy of the, 1. 825.
Templars, XXIII. 162.

First Earl of,(William Pitt), English CHEER-PINE, tree, XIX. 105.
CHARTREUSE, liqueur, v. 435; XIV. 687. statesman, V. 440; VIII. 356; X. 423; CHEESE, V. 455; XVI. 304; Cheddar, v.
La Grande, monastery, France, v.
XIX. 134.

456; III. 163; Dunlop, III. 163; Glarus, 434, 163.

ISLANDS, Pacific Ocean, V. 444; X. 636; Milanese, XVI. 292; Stilton, CHARTS, Marine, xvII. 263; XV. 518; XVII. 466.

XIV. 424; Italian varieties, XIII. 452; their early use in navigation, XVII. ISLE, Galapagos, Pacific, X. 17. Swiss, XXII. 779. 253.

CHÂTILLON, Gaultier de, author of the CHEESE-MAKING, in England, v. 589; CHARVAKHAS, Hindu materialistic sect, romance Alexandreis, XX. 641.

VI. 771. XXI. 291.

CHÂTILLON-SUR-SEINE, town, France, CHEESE-MITE, XVI. 529. CHARYBDIS, whirlpool, xxiv. 541.

V. 444.

CHEETAH, or Hunting Leopard, v. 456; Scylla and, legend of, xxi. 574. CHATISGARH (Chhatisgarh), district, XII. 396; XIV. 463; XV. 435. CHASE, The, hunting, XII. 393; Nor India, v. 608.

CHE-Foo, town, China, V. 455, 634. man laws of, ix. 409.

CHAT Moss, England, Reclamation of, 1. CHEFREN, Chephren, or Khafra, EgypSalmon Portland, American states 404; railway works at, XX. 233. tian king, v. 582; VII. 733; pyramid man, V. 435; XXIII. 770.

CHATSWORTH, seat of duke of Devon of, II. 386; XX. 123. CHASIDIM (Asidæans), ancient Jewish shire, Derby, England, v. 445. CHE HWANG-TE, emperor of China, v. party, II. 729.

CHATTAHOOCHEE, river, Georgia, U.S.A., 643. modern Jewish sect,

CHEKE, Sir John, English scholar, v. 681.

CHATTANOOGA, town, Tennessee, U.S.A., 457 CHASING, ornamentation of metals, VIII. V. 445; XXIII. 178.

CHE-KEANG, province, China, V. 636. 189.

CHATTERTON, Thomas, English poet, v. CHEKHS (Czechs, q.v.), Slav race, XXII. CHASSERON, mountain, Switzerland, 445.

145, 147. XIII. 781.

CHATTI, ancient German people, V. 244. CHELCICKY, Peter, leader of a Moravian CHASTAIGNER, Louis de, patron of CHATURANGA, Hindu game, v. 598. sect, xvi. 811; XXII. 151. Scaliger, XXI. 363.

CHAUBISI, district, Nepal, xvII. 340. CHELEBI, Ali and Katib, Ottoman CHASTELAIN, Georges, Burgundian CHAUCER, Geoffrey, English poet, v. writers, XXIII. 657. chronicler, V. 435.

449; his connexion with London, xiv. CHELIDON, genus of birds, xv. 581. CHASTELARD, Pierre Boscobel de, 845; English language in time of, viii. CHELIDONIAN ISLANDS, Asia Minor, French poet, v. 436; his relations 397; his place in English literature,

XV. 93. with Mary, queen of Scots, XV. 595.

VIII. 411.

CHELIDOPTERA, genus of birds, XX. 101. CHASTENOY, France, Peace of (1576), CHAUCI, ancient German tribe, X. 473; CHELLIA, Jebel, mountain, Numidia, IX. 562. XIII. 758.

XVII. 628. CHASUBLE, ecclesiastical vestment, vi. CHAUDES-AIGUES, town, France, v. CHELMSFORD, town, England, v. 457. 462. 454.

CHELONIA, group of reptiles, XX. 440, CHAT, bird, xxiv. 537.

CHAUDET, Antoine, French sculptor, 445; XXIII. 455; in Lankester's classiCHÂTEAU BARRIÈRE, ruin, Périgueux, XXI. 564.

fication, xxiv. 812. France, XVIII. 534.

CHAUDIÈRE, river and falls, Canada, genus of reptiles, XXIII. 458. CHATEAUBRIAND, François René, Vi XVIII. 68; XX. 165.

CHELSEA, borough, London, V. 457; comte de, French essayist, V. 436; IX. CHAUHANS, clan of Rajputs, India, xv. xiv. 821; porcelain works at, XIX. 672, 674. 303.

640; Royal Military Asylum at, II. CHÂTEAUBRIANT, town, France, v. CHAULIAC, Guy de, French surgeon, 586. 438. XXII. 675.

town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., V. CHÂTEAU - CHINON, town, Nièvre, CHAUMONT, town, France, V. 454; France, XVII. 496.

district, xv. 562.

CHELTENHAM, town, England, v. 458.. CHÂTEAU D'OLÉRON, town, France, CHAUNA, genus of birds, XXI. 552. CHELYDIDÆ, family of chelonian repXVII. 761.

CHAUNCY, Charles, American Univer tiles, XXIII. 457 CHÂTEAUDUN, town, France, V. 438. salist, XXIII. 831.

CHELYDRIDÆ, family of chelonian CHÂTEAU-GONTIER, town, France, v. CHAUNY, town, France, V. 454.

reptiles, XXIII. 457. 438; XV. 648.

CHAUVIN, Étienne, French Reformed CHELYS, Greek lyre, xv. 114. CHÂTEAUNEUF, spa, France, xx. 120. divine, v. 454; his Lexicon Rationale, genus of chelonian reptiles, xx. CHÂTEAUROUX, town, France, v. 438.

452; XXIII. 459. CHÂTEAU-THIERRY, town, France, v. CHAUX DE FONDS, town, Switzerland, CHEMICAL MEDICINE, Schools of, xv. 439; battle of (1814), XVII. 221. V. 454; XVII. 361; XXII. 779.

808, 810. CHÂTELDON, France, mineral water of, CHAVES, town, Portugal, v. 454. CHEMICALS, Magnetism of, xv. 264. XVI. 436; XX. 120. CHAY-Root, dye, XV. 177.

CHEMICKING, in bleaching, 111. 817. CHÂTELET, Madame du, Voltaire's asso CHA-YUL, district, Tibet, XXIII. 341. CHEMISTRY, V. 459 (index, 579); inorciation with, XXIV. 287.

CHAZELLES, Jean Matthieu de, French ganic, v. 467; organic, v. 544; origin CHÂTELÇUYON, spa, France, XX. 120. mathematician, V. 454.

of, in alchemy, l. 459; analysis and CHÂTELLERAULT, town, France, V. 439; CHEATING, in law, 1x. 726; XXIII. 233. synthesis in, l. 795; Dalton's atomic XXIV. 222.

CHECK, or Cheque, v. 583; III. 315. theory, VI. 785; molecules in, xvi. CHATER, England, XXI. 114. CHECQUY, in heraldry, XI. 698.

620 ; in relation to minerals, XVI. CHATHAM, town, England, v.439; dock-I CHEDDAR CHEESE, V. 456; III. 163. 379; to physiology, xix. 9; to 200

458.

VIII. 194.

100.

logical study, XXIV. 815; of iron, XIII. | CHERIBON, town, Java, v. 585; XIII. CHESUNCOOK, lake, Maine, U.S.A., xv. 279; of lichens, xiv. 558; of rubies, 606; residency, xiii. 606.

298. XXI. 48; thermometers used in, XXIII. CHERKASSK, or Tcherkassk, district, CHETA, district, ancient Syria, xxII. 290; contributions to the science by Russia, VII. 356; xvII. 609.

822. Gay Lussac, X. 122; by Liebig, xiv. CHEROKEES, American-Indian tribe, v. CHETHAM LIBRARY, Manchester, xv. 566; by Newton, XVII. 448; by 585; X. 437; XII. 828, 834.

463 Priestley, xix. 732; by Regnault, XX. CHEROOT, variety of cigar, v. 776; CHETLAT, island, Laccadives, Indian 347; by Ste-Claire Deville, XXI. 166; XXIII. 426.

Ocean, XIV. 183. by Scheele, xxi. 388; by Wöhler, CHERRA POONJEE, station, India, xiv. CHETTLE, Henry, English poet, VI. 296. XXIV. 626; by Wurtz, XXIV. 703; 58.

CHEVALIER, Michel, French economist, societies for promotion of, XXII. 225. CHERRY, tree and fruit, v. 586; XII. 270.

XIX. 395. CHEMMIS, ancient town, Egypt, VII. CHERRY-KERNEL OIL, XVII. 744.

Sulpice Guillaume, French cari794. CHERRY-LAUREL, tree, XIV. 348.

caturist, X. 118. CHEMNITZ, town, Saxony, v. 580; XXI. CHERSO, island, Illyria, v. 586.

-Sulpice Paul, French caricaturist, 358. CHERSONESE, peninsula, v. 586.

V. 105. , Martin, German Lutheran divine, Demosthenes's oration on the, VII. DE ST GEORGE (James Stuart, the V. 580. 71.

Pretender), XIII. 560. Philipp Bogislaw von, German Heracleotic, part of Crimea, XXI. CHEVAUX-DE-FRISE, in fortification, IX. publicist, XX. 100. 616.

423. CHEMOSH, god of the Moabites, xvi. STauric, Crimea, Vl. 585; coins of, CHEVÉ, Émile, French musician, xvII. 534.

XVII. 640. CHEMY, or Alchemy, I. 459.

CHERSONESUS, ancient town, Russia, CHEVETS, in architecture, II. 430. CHEN, genus of birds, X. 777.

VI. 587; XXI. 616.

Cheviot Hills, Great Britain, V. 608; CHENCHUS, tribe, Karnul, Indian Archi Aurea, or Malay Peninsula, xv. XVII. 564; XXI. 34. pelago, xiv. 6.

321.

CHEVIOT SHEEP, I. 392. CHENDWARA (Chhindwara), district and CHERT, siliceous rock, X. 239; XVI. CHEVRÆANA, ana of Chevreau, 1. 785. town, India, v. 608.

389.

CHEVRON, in heraldry, XI. 694. CHÊNEDOLLÉ, C. J. Pioult de, French CHERTSEY, town, England, v. 586. CHEVROTAIN, ungulate mammal, xv. poet, ix. 672. CHERUBIM, of Scripture, v. 587.

430. CHENGHIZ KHAN (Jenghiz Khan), Mon- CHERUBINI, M. L. Z. C. Salvatore, CHEYENNE, town, Wyoming, U.S.A., gol ruler, XIII. 620; II. 699; XVI. Italian musical composer, V. 587; as

XXIV. 713. 740.

symphonist, XVII. 97.

CHEYENNES, American-Indian tribe, CHENG-TE FU (Jehol), town, China, CHERUSCI, ancient German tribe, v. XII. 831, 834. XIII. 619.

588.

CHEYLETIDÆ, family of Arachnida, XVI. CHÉNIER, André Marie de, French poet, CHERWELL, river, England, XVII. 555; 528. V. 581; IX. 665.

XVIII. 93; XXIII. 220.

CHEYNE, George, English physician, xv. Marie Joseph de, French poet and CHESAPEAKE BAY, Maryland, U.S.A., 811. dramatist, v. 581.

XV. 602.

CHÉZY, Antoine Léonard, French OrienCHENOMORPHÆ, group of birds, III. CHESELDEN, William, English surgeon, talist, v. 608. 712.

1. 815; XXIV. 189.

CHHAPRA, town, India, XXI. 304. CHEOPS, Egyptian king, v. 582; VII. CHESHIRE, county, England, v. 588; CHHATISGARH, district, India, v. 608. 732; pyramid of, xx. 123.

population and representation, XXIII. CHHINDWARA, district and town, India, CHEPANGS, tribe, Nepal, xvII. 341. 727; salt mines of, xxi. 231.

V. 608. CHEPHREN, or Khafra, Egyptian king, Chesil, raised beach, Dorset, England, CHHUIKHADAN, state, India, XX. 257. V. 582; VII. 733; pyramid of, 11. 386;

CHIABRERA, Gabriello, Italian lyric CHESNEY, Charles Cornwallis, English poet, v. 609; XIII. 511. CHEPING WALDEN (Saffron Walden), military writer, v. 591.

CHIAMDO, town, Tibet, XXIII. 342; river, town, England, XXI. 146. CHESS, game, v. 592.

XXIII. 339. CHEPSTOW, town, Monmouth, England, CHESS-PLAYING AUTOMATONS, XV. CHIAPAS, state, Mexico, XVI. 214. V. 583; castle, XVI. 754.

CHIARAMONTE, town, Sicily, v. 609. CHEQUE, in banking, v. 583; III. 315. CHESSYLITE, mineral, vi. 347; XV. 315. CHIARAMONTI, Gregorio Luigi Barnaba CHER, department, France, v. 584; CHEST, Anatomy of the, 1. 822; XX. 476; (Pope Pius VII.), xix. 155. river, xiv. 806.

inflammation of, xix. 222.

CHIARI, town, Italy, v. 609. CHERAS, dynasty, Mysore, India, xvII. for clothes, in furniture, ix. 848. CHIAROSCURO, in drawing, VII. 449. 123

CHESTER, or Cheshire (q.v.), county, CHIASTOLITE, mineral, XVI. 408. CHERASCO, town, Italy, v. 584.

England, v. 588.

CHIAVARI, town, Italy, v. 610. CHERBOURG, town, France, v. 584; town, England, v. 604.

CHIAVENNA, town, Italy, v. 610. XV. 459.

town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., V. 606. CHIAZZA, town, Sicily, xix. 79. CHERBULIEZ, Swiss family of writers, CHESTERFIELD, town, England, v. 606. CHIBCHAS, Indians, Colombia, Vi. 156. XXII. 799.

Fourth Earl of, v. 606.

CHICAGO, town, Illinois, U.S.A., V. 710; Victor, Swiss novelist, XXII. 799. CHESTER-LE-STREET, town, England, XXI. 178; XXIII. 822 ; libraries of, CHERCHELL, town, North-West Africa, V. 608.

XIV. 535, 550; newspapers, XVII. 435. xv. 637

CHESTER PLAYS, English miracle-plays, CHICARA, kind of antelope, II. 102. CHEREMISS, or Tcheremissian, Ural

VII. 414.

CHICHELE, or Chichely, Henry, archAltaic language, ix. 219; XXIV. 1; CHESTNUT, tree and fruit, v. 608; XVII. bishop of Canterbury, v. 613. dictionary of, vii. 188.

664; in United States, XXIII. 808; CHICHEN-ITZA, ancient town, Yucatan, CHERETHITES, of Scripture, XVIII. 757. culture of, 11. 317.

1. 694; XXIV. 43, 759.

VII. 371.

XX. 123.

210.

CHICHEREE, bird, xiv. 81.

CHILDRENITE, mineral, xvi. 407. CHIMNEY, in building, IV. 466; ventilaCHICHESTER, town, England, v. 613; CHILDREN'S CRUSADE, VI. 627.

tion by, XXIV. 159. XXII. 724; sculptures in cathedral, Chile (Chili, q.v.), country, South CHIMPANZEE, ape, II. 149. XXI. 557

America, v. 616.

CHINA, V. 626 (index, 672); 11. 684; in CHICHIMECS, people, ancient Mexico, CHILENITE, mineral, xvi. 393.

Ptolemy's geography, xx. 95; early XVI. 209.

CHILES, mountain, Ecuador, VII. 645. history of, 11. 117, 700; its conquests in Chick, in various stages, II. 700. CHILI, country, South America, v. 616; Turkestan, XXIII. 639; invasion of, by CHICKAMAUGA, U.S.A., Battle of (1863), 1. 713; new northern boundary, XVIII. the Bactrians, XVIII. 590, 592, 599; by XXIII. 778.

669; revolt against Spain, I. 709; Lord Jenghiz Khan, XIII. 621; conquest of CHICKASAWS, American-Indian tribe, v. Cochrane's naval exploits in, vii. 540; by the Mongols, XIV. 151; XVI. 742; 614; XII. 828, 835.

war with Peru (1879), xvill. 679; its rule in Tibet, XXIII. 343; in time of CHICKERING, Jonas, pianoforte maker, marine fishes of, xii. 681; forests, IX. Marco Polo, XIX. 406; architecture, II. XIX. 77.

406; Indian tribes, XII. 829; news 448; birds, III. 762; coalfields, Vi. 59; CHICK-PEA, plant, XI. 36.

papers, XVII. 437 ; observatory at coins, XVII. 661; cotton supply, VI. 484; CHICLANA, town, Spain, V. 614.

Santiago, XVII. 716; railways, XX. 252. emigration from, VIII. 175; forests, CHICLAYO, town, Peru, xvIII. 674.

, vegetable, XII. 280.

IX. 405 ; glass-making, X. 651 ; CHICOPEE, town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., CHILIANS, Ancient, 1. 700.

libraries, xiv. 534, 549; Confucian V. 014.

CHILIANWALA, India, Battle of (1849), literature, VI. 263; mines, xvi. 469; Chicory, plant, v. 614; culture of, 1. V. 624; XII. 808.

Christian missions, XVI. 517; Jesuit 383; XII. 281; as forage, I. 378; root CHILIASM, or Millenarianism, in Chris missions, XIII. 652; XX. 536; newsmixed with coffee, I. 169; VI. 114.

tian eschatology, vill. 534; XVI. 315; papers, XVII. 432; observatories, XVII. Chicova, town, on Zambesi river, XVIII. 427; XX. 497.

716; opium cultivation and trade, XVII. Africa, XXIV. 765.

CHILLAN, town, Chili, v. 624; mineral 788, 791; pearl oysters, XVIII. 448; CHIEF, in heraldry, XI. 694.

spring at, v. 617.

porcelain, xix. 633; railways, XX. of Scottish clans and Irish septs, CHILLIANWALLA, town, India, v. 624; 252 ; religion, XX. 363 ; ancient XXIII. 418. battle of (1849), XII. 808.

religion, XXIII. 236; Taoist religion, · JUSTICE, legal title, XIII. 788. CHILLICOTHE, town, Ohio, U.S.A., V. XIV. 296; Roman Catholic Church in, CHIEFTAINSHIP, Celtic, v. 800. 624.

XIX. 810; silk industry in, XXII. 56; CHIENG MAI, Shan state and town, CHILLINGHAM Park, Northumberland, tea culture, XXIII. 98; weights and Eastern Asia, XXI. 773, 853.

England, xvII. 566; wild cattle of, v. measures, XXIV. 490; survey of, by CHIERI, town, Italy, v. 615.

245.

Jesuit missionaries, X. 188. CHIETI, town, Italy, v. 615.

CHILLINGWORTH, William, English ASTER, plant, Il. 736; XII. 249. CHIFFCHAFF, bird, xxiv. 688.

divine, v. 624.

CHINAB, river, Punjab, India, xx. 107. Chigi, Agostino, Italian patron of art, CHILLON, Castle of, Switzerland, xxiv. CHINA BLUE, for calico printing, iv.

115; Prisoner of (Bonnivard), iv. 36. 690. Fabio (Pope Alexander VII.), I. CHILLY, pickle, V. 280.

CHINA CLAY, XIV. I. 490.

CHILMAREE, town, India, v. 625. CHINA GRASS, XX. 506. FRESCOS, Raphael's, XX. 279. CHILOANGA, river, West Africa, Xiv. CHINA INK, XIII. 80. CHIGNECTO BAY, New Brunswick, XVII. 742.

CHINALI MOUNTAINS, Texas, U.S.A., 373. Chiloe, island and province, Chili, v.

XXIII. 204. CHIGOE, insect, IX. 301; XIII. 150. 617, 625.

CHINANDEGA, town, Nicaragua, XVII. ChihiL MENARE, ruins of Persepolis, CHILOGNATHA, order of Myriapoda, 477. Persia, xvIII. 558.

XVII. 118.

CHINA SEA, XVIII. 116. CHIHIL SUTUN, palace, Ispahan, XIII. Chilon, Greek sage, V. 626.

CHINCHA, town, Peru, XVIII. 674. 394.

CHILOPODA, order of Myriapoda, XVII. ISLANDS, Peru, V. 673; XVIIL CHIH-LI, province, China, v. 633.

119.

671; guano of, XI. 233. CHIHUAHUA, town, Mexico, V. 615; CHILOSCYLLIUM, genus of sharks, XXI. CHINCHAY-COCHA, lake, Peru, XVIII. XVI. 214; province, XVI. 214. 774.

673. town, Texas, U.S.A., XXI. 254. CHILOSCYPHUS, genus of liverworts, CHINCHEW, town, China, v. 673. CHILBLAIN, form of frost-bite, XVI. XVII. 68.

CHINCHILLA, rodent mammal, v. 673; 849.

CHILOSTOMA, suborder of Polyzoa, XIX. IV. 13; XV. 420; skins of, ix. 838. CHILD, its position in law, XIII. I. 437.

, town, Spain, V. 673. Sir Josiah, English economist, Xix. CHILOSTOMELLIDEA, order of Protozoa, CHINCHON, Countess of, her connexion 357. XIX. 847

with cinchona, v. 781. Lydia American authoress, 1. 727. CHILTERN Hills, England, v. 626; CHINCHONA (Cinchona, q.v.), tree, v. Child-CROWING, false croup, Vi. 617;

XVIII. 93.

780; XVIII. 673. XXIII. 320.

CHILTERN HUNDREDS, Bucks, England, CHINCHU, town, China, V. 673. ChildE HAROLD, Byron's poem, iv. IV. 416; stewardship of, v. 626. CHIN-COUGH, or Hooping-Cough, XII. 606.

CHILUNGA, district, West Africa, Xiv. 154. CHILDERIC I., king of the Franks, X. 742.

CHINESE, people of China, 11. 697; their 476.

CHIMÆRA, in Greek mythology, v. 626; relations to American Indians, XII. CHILDERS, Robert Cæsar, English xv. 94; in heraldry, XI. 701.

823; compared to the Peruvians, I. Orientalist, v. 615. CHIMAY, town, Belgium, v. 626.

698; in California, iv. 706; their use CHILDHOOD, Period of, xv. 778. CHIMBORAZO, mountain, Ecuador, vii. of explosives in war, 11. 655. Child MURDER, XIII. 3. 645.

ASTRONOMY, II. 745. CHILDREN, Diet for, VII. 201; law relat- CHIMBOTE, town, Peru, XVIII. 674.

CHRONOLOGY, V. 717 ing to, XIII. 1. CHIME, of bells, III. 539.

COOLIES, VI. 334.

XX. 279.

675

CHINESE DRAMA, VII. 400.

CHIROXIPHIA, genus of birds, XV. 455. CHLORITE, mineral, X. 228; XVI. 413. CHINESE HOG, I. 400. CHIRU, antelope, II. 102.

CHLORITOID, mineral, XVI. 413. CHINESE LANGUAGE, V.653; XVIII. 774; Chisel, cutting tool, XI. 437.

CHLOROCALCITE, mineral, XVI. 384. alphabetism of, l. 602; its relation to CHISWICK, village, England, v. 675. CHLOROFORM, in chemistry, v. 679; as Japanese, XIII. 585; Julien's works on, CHITARRONE, Roman lute, xv. 70. anæsthetic, I. 790 ; its use first ad

XIII. 770; dictionaries, VII. 191. CHITON, Greek article of dress, Vi. 453. vocated by Simpson, xx11. 86. CHINESE LITERATURE, V. 653.

CHITONS, order of Mollusca, XVI. 641. CHLOROMELANITE, mineral, XIII. 541. CHINESE PINK, garden annual, XII. 249. CHITRAL, state and town, Hindu Kush, CHLOROPAL, mineral, XVI. 425. CHINESE TALLOW, vegetable fat, XVII. Asia, XI. 838; XIV. 9.

CHLOROPHÆITE, mineral, xvi. 415. 744, 746.

CHITTAGONG, district and town, India, CHLOROPHYLL, green-producing colourCHING-HAI, or Chin-hae, town, China, v. V. 675.

ing matter in plants, XIX. 48, 52, 57, 674; XVII. 513.

HILL TRACTS, district, India, v. 831; III. 690; iv. 87; XII. 12. CHINGLEPUT, town, India, V. 674.

CHLOROPHYLLITE, mineral, XVI. 418. CHING-SZE, Jenghiz Khan (q.v.), XIII. CHIUS, or Chios (2.v.), island, 11. 349. CHLOROPLATINIC ACID, XIX. 191. 620. CHIUSA, town, Italy, V. 676.

CHLOROPS, wheat pests, XXIV. 535. CHING-TOO Foo, town, China, V. 638. CHIUSHINGURA, Japanese tale, VII. CHLOROSIS, disease, XIII. 360; XVIII. CHIN-HAE, town, China, V. 674; XVII. 402.

375. 513.

Chiusi, town, Italy, v. 676; VIII. 635. CHLOROSPERMEÆ, suborder of Algæ, CHIN-KEANG Foo, town, China, v. CHIVALRY, XIV. 110; in England, viii. 1. 508. 674.

299; in German literature, X. 523; CHLOROSPINEL, mineral, XVI. 386. CHINNERETH, Sea of, or Sea of Galilee, romances of, XX. 632; Spanish books CHLOROXYLON, genus of trees, xxi. Palestine, X. 29.

of, XXII. 354; treatment of, in Ville 317. CHINO, Negro and Indian half-caste, hardouin's Chronicle, XXIV. 230. CHLORUS, Constantius, Roman emperor, XVII. 317. CHIVASSO, town, Italy, v. 676.

at Paris, XVIII. 287. CHINON, town, France, v. 674; peace of Chives, vegetable, XII. 281.

CHNUPHIS, Egyptian divinity, VII. 718. (1214), XIII. 714. CHIVIATITE, mineral, xvi. 396.

CHOANOFLAGELLATA, subclass of ProCHINSURAH, town, India, V. 674.

CHLADNI'S FIGURES, in acoustics, I. tozoa, XIX. 858. CHINTAMANI, Tamil poem, XXIII. 43. 113.

CHOARENE, Parthian kingdom, xviii. CHIOGGIA, town, Italy, v. 674; war of CHLADNITE, mineral, xvi. 415.

592. (1379), XIII. 480; XXIV. 144.

CHLÆNACEÆ, order of plants, Madagas- | CHOBE, town, Zanzibar, Africa, XXIV. CHIOLITE, mineral, xvi. 384.

car, XV. 170.

768. CHIONIS, genus of birds, XXI. 782. CHLAMYDOPHORA, order of Protozoa, CHOCOLATE, preparation from Cocoa CHIOS (Scio), Greek island, XXI. 465;

XIX. 845.

(q.v.), v. 680; VI. 101. coins of, xvII. 647; school of sculpture CHLAMYDOPHORE, edentate mammal, v. CHOCTAWS, North-American Indians, at, Il. 349. 676; XV. 386.

V. 680. CHIOZZA (Chioggia), town, Italy, v. 674; CHLAMYDOSAURUS, genus of lizards, ChoczIM (Khotin), town, Russia, xiv. XXIV. 144. XIV. 736; XX. 457, 458.

67. CHIPLUN, town, India, XX. 292. CHLAMYDOSELACHUS, genus of sharks, CHODNEFFITE, mineral, XVI. 384. CHIPMUNK, American squirrel, XXII. XXI. 778.

CHODOWIECKI, Daniel Nicolas, Polish 438.

CHLAMYS, Greek article of dress, vi. painter, v. 681. CHIPPEN HAM, town, England, v. 674; 453.

CHERONYCTERIS, genus of bats, xv. XXIV. 594. CHLOANTITE, mineral, xvi. 390.

414. CHIPPEWAYS, American Indians, xii. CHLOASMA, skin disease, XXII. 122. CHEROPSIS, genus of ungulate mam827, 831.

CHLODWIG (Clovis, q.v.), Frankish king, mals, XXII. 772. CHIPPING BARNET, town, England, ill. X. 476.

CHEROPUS, genus of marsupial mam379.

CHLOEIA, genus of Annelida, 11. 68. mals, XV. 381; XXII. 285.
CHIPPING WYCOMBE, town, England, CHLOPICKI, Joseph, Polish insurgent, Choir, in architecture, 11. 462.
XXIV. 712.
XIX. 298.

Musical, xvII. 84, 85. CHIPUTNETICOOK, lakes, New Bruns- CHLORAL, in chemistry, v. 676; hydrate CHOISEUL, island, South Pacific, xxII. wick, XVII. 373. of, v. 677; XVII. 232.

252. CHIQUITOS, American Indians, XII.

CHLORATE OF POTASH, XIX. 591; as César, Duc de, French general, v. 829. explosive, VIII. 807.

681. CHIRA, town, Turkestan, xiv. 67. CHLORATE OF SODA, XXII. 241.

Claude Antoine Gabriel, Duc de, CHIRIMOYA, Peruvian fruit, XVIII. 673. CHLORHYDRATE OF AMYLENE, Wurtz's French royalist, v. 681. CHIRK, Wales, Aqueduct of, 11. 229. investigation of, xxiv. 703.

Étienne François, Duc de, French CHIROGALEUS, genus of lemurs, xiv.

CHLORIDE of iron, xiii. 280; of lime, statesman, v. 81; IX. 590, 593. 442.

V. 678 ; of mercury, XVI. 33 ; of CHOISY-LE-ROI, town, France, XXI. CHIROMACHÆRIS, genus of birds, xv.

methyl, xvi. 196; of potash, xix. 591; 624. 455.

of silver, XXII. 72; of sulphur, XXII. CHOKE-BORE GUN, XI. 281; XXI. 833. CHIROMANCY, palmistry, xv. 206; XIX. 635; of titanium, XXIII. 410.

CHOLERA, V. 682; quarantine for, xx. 4.

Ferric, magnetism of, xv. 267. 157. CHIROMYS, genus of lemurs, XIV. 443. CHLORINE, chemical element, v. 678, CHOLESTERIN, chemical compound in CHIRON, in Greek mythology, V. 675. 490; XVII. 62; discovery of, by Ber

nerves, XIX. 24. CHIRONECTES, genus of marsupial thollet, III. 609; its action on metals, CHOLET, town, France, v. 685. mammals, XVII. 796.

XVI. 71 ; as plant food, xix. 49; as CHOLM, town, Russia, XX. 36. CHIROPTERA, order of Mammalia, xv. poison, xix. 279; use of, in bleaching, Cholo, issue of Negro and Indian, XVII. 405. III. 812.

319.

XII. 132.

X. 130.

AS

AS

CHOLEPUS, genus of edentate mammals, CHORRILLOS, town, Peru, XIV. 644. CHRISTIANITY, V. 688; XX. 360; creeds XXII. 162.

CHORUS, in the Greek drama, xvII. of, VI. 558; doctrines of, vii. 332; CHOLON, town, Cochin-China, XXI. 152. 79; VIII. 674.

XXIII. 275; doctrine of sacrifice, XXI. CHOLULA, town, Mexico, V. 685. CHOSES IN ACTION, CHOSES IN Pos 138; ethics of, vill. 588; ethical conCHOLUM, Indian grain, XVI. 321.

SESSION, in law, XVIII. 665.

nexion with socialism, XXII. 206; CHOLUTEC, language, Nicaragua, xvii. CHOSROENE, district, Mesopotamia, in elation to inspiration, XIII. 155; 479. XVIII. 57

theology of, XXIII. 239; attacks on, II. CHOLUTECA, department, Honduras, CHOSROES I. (Khosrau I.), king of 191; Celsus's attack on, V. 296; in the

Persia, XVIII. 612; XIII. 797.

2nd century, xvi. 774; Constantine's CHOMTO DONG, lake, Tibet, XXIII. 341. II., XVIII. 614; palace of, at relations to, VI. 300; early, in Persia, CHONDRARSENITE, mineral, XVI. 405. Mashita in Moab, XVII. 35.

XVIII. 609; in Spain, XXII. 311; proCHONDRIN, substance akin to gelatin, CHOTA NAGPUR, or Chutia Nagpur, phets in the early church, xix. 822;

British division, and tributary states, its economic effects, XIX. 352 ; its inCHONDRITE, meteoric stone, XVI. 112. India, v. 767, 768; population of, 111. fluence on classical art, II. 344; on CHONDRODITE, mineral, XVI. 410.

567.

Roman law, XX. 710; on slavery, XXII. CHONDROPTERYGII, order of fishes, XII. CHOTCHIM (Khotin), town, Russia, xiv. 134; as influenced by Gnosticism, X. 685. 67.

705; by Neoplatonism, XVII. 338; its CHONDROSINA, order of sponges, XXII. CHOTI, kind of cloth, XI. 315.

introduction into England, vill. 277; 422.

CHOTTS, or Shotts, lakes, Algeria, 1. 563; into Ireland, XIII. 247; into Japan, CHONDROSTEI, suborder of fishes, XII. XXI. 151; XXIII. 620.

XIII. 584; into Russia, xxi. 89; into 687.

CHOTZEMITZ, Bohemia, Battle of (1757), Scotland, XXI. 474; in relation to ManiCHONDROSTEUS, genus of fossil fishes,

XIV. 137.

chæism, xv. 485; Pliny's references to, XXII. 612.

CHOUANS, royalist insurgents, France, XIX. 226; recognized as the religion of CHONDRUS CRISPUS, species of Algæ, V. 686; IX. 607.

the Roman empire, xx. 778; Clement's XIII. 276. CHOUGH, bird, vi. 618.

views of, v. 820; Irenæus's, XIII. 274; CHONICRITE, mineral, XVI. 414. CHOUMARA, F. M. T., on fortification, Lessing's, xiv. 482 ; Locke's, xiv. CHONOS ARCHIPELAGO, Patagonia, IX. 464.

756; Origen's, XVII. 841. XVIII. 352. CHOUTH, Mahratta impost, India, xv.

OLD THE CREATION, CHONs, or Khuns, Egyptian deity, v. 291.

Tindal's work, XXIII. 404. 685; VII. 718. Chow, Dynasty of, China, V. 643.

Not MYSTERIOUS, Toland's work, CHONTAL, language, Nicaragua, XVII. CHOWBENT, or Atherton, town, Eng

XXIII. 434. 479.

land, III. 11.

CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHER, Dick's work, CHONTALES, gold mines, Nicaragua, CHOZARS (Khazars), ancient people,

VII. 173. XVII. 478.

Caucasus, xiv. 59; XXI. 78.

CHRISTIAN REPUBLIC, of France, ix. CHOO YUEN-CHANG, founder of Ming CHRESTIANI, CHRESTUS, for Christians, 565. dynasty, China, V. 648; XVI. 743. Christ, XIII. 657.

CHRISTIAN SOCIALISM, XXII. 210. CHOPIN, Frédéric François, Polish CHRESTIEN, Florent, French satirist | CHRISTIANSAND, town, Norway, v. 702; musical composer, v. 685. and Latin poet, v. 687.

XVII. 582. CHORAGIC MONUMENTS, II. 411.

DE TROYES, early French romancist, CHRISTIANSHAAB, trading district, CHORALS, hymn-tunes, XVII. 85.

V. 687; XX. 649; XXIV. 632.

Greenland, xi. 170. CHORASMIA, ancient kingdom, Turke- CHRESTUS, CHRESTIANI, for Christ, CHRISTIANS OF ST THOMAS, sect in stan, xiv. 62; XVIII. 101. Christians, XIII. 657.

India, xxIII. 308. CHORAZIN, Palestine, Site of, x. 29. CHRISSIE, lake, Transvaal, South Africa, CHRISTIANSTAD, town, Sweden, v. 702; CHORDA FILUM, species of Algæ, 1. 509.

XXIII. 517

county, XXII. 741. CHORDATA, group of animals, XXIII. CHRIST, Jesus, v. 687; XIII. 656; the CHRISTIANSUND, town, Norway, v. 702; 614, 618; XXIV. 179. Messiah, XVI. 54.

XVII. 582. CHORDS, Ptolemy's table of, xx. 88. CHRISTABEL, Coleridge's poem, vi. 137. CHRISTIANUS DEMOCRITUS (J. C. DipCHOREA, disease, V. 686; XVIII. 391, CHRISTCHURCH, town, England, v. pel), German theologian and alchemist, 398; XX. 517; XXI. 201.

687. CHORENE, Moses of, Armenian historian, town, New Zealand, v. 688. CHRISTIAN YEAR, Keble's, XIV. 26. XVI. 861.

Christ CHURCH, college, Oxford, xviii. CHRISTINA, regent of Savoy, XXI. CHOREPISCOPUS, ecclesiastical digni 96.

342. tary, VII. 14.

CHRISTIAN, origin of name, XIII. 657. , queen regent of Spain, XXII. 345. CHORIN, Cistercian monastery, Prussia, I.-II., electors of Saxony, XXI. , queen of Sweden, v. 702; XXII. XVII. 366. 354.

749; her correspondence with DesCHORISTIDA, order of sponges, XXII. 423. II., king of Sweden, XXII. 747. cartes, VII. 120. CHORIZONTES, advocates of dual author Fletcher, Bounty mutineer, ill. CHRISTINE DE PISAN, early French ship of Homeric poems, XII. 119. 826; XIX. 132.

writer, v. 703. CHORLEY, town, England, v. 686.

· BRETHREN, religious sect, XIX. CHRISTIS KIRK ON THE GRENE, poem CHOROGRAPHY, notation for dancing, 238.

by James I. of Scotland, XIII. 556. vi. 800.

ERA, V. 712.

CHRISTMAS DAY, V. 704; XIII. 659. CHOROID COAT, of the eye, l. 887; HERO, The, by Steele, XXII. CHRISTODULUS, St, of Patmos, XVIII. diseases of, xvil. 783. 527.

408. CHOROIDITIS, eye disease, xvII. 782, CHRISTIANIA, town, Norway, v. 688; CHRISTOFLE, C., his method of working 783.

XVII. 582; library, xiv. 532; observa nickel, XVII. 487. CHOROTEGAN, language, Nicaragua, tory, XVII. 714; university, XXIII. CHRISTOPHE, Negro chief, Hayti, XI. XVII. 479. 850.

545.

XXV. 13

VII. 255.

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