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AEscHINEs, Greek orator, I. 208; VII. 7o.

ÄESCHNIDIE, family of insects, VII. 385.

/ESCHYLUS, Greek tragedian, I. 208; VII. 4o5; XI. 140; 1113 place in poetry, XIX. 268.

AîsCIIVNITE, mineral, XVI. 427.

АЁЗСПЬАРШЗ, god of healing, I. 209; VI. 444; XV- 799

fEscULAPnIS's SNAKE, XXII. 194.

/ESCULUS, genus of trees, XII. 205.

/ESERNIA (Isernia), ancient town, Italy, XIII. 386; XXI. 249.

/EsIR, gods of the Northmen, I. 209; VII. 65o.

/ESIS, or ¿Esium (Jesi), ancient town, Italy, XIII. 644.

Aîsor, Greek fabulist., I. 211; III. 181, VIII. 837; Syriac translation of his fables, XXII. 8 5o.

_, Greek historian, 1. 212.

XESOPUS, Clodius, Roman actor, 1. 212; VII. 412.

АЕЗТНАСУТЕЗ, sense-cells, in Sponges, XXII. 420.

/EsTHEsIoMEI-ER, for measuring sensitiveness of touch, XXIII. 48o.

/ESTHETIC FEELINGS, хх. 70.

A/Iis'I“11eTIcs, 1.212; XVIII. 795; in relato the fine arts, IX. 194; the name due to Baumgarten, III. 447; Herbert on, XI. 720; Hutcheson on, XII. 411; Kant 0n, хш. 852.

‚ЕзтшАтюы, of animals, XI. 787; of plants, 1V. 13.

AETAS, aborigines of the Philippines, XVIII. 752.

AETH, town, Belgium, Il. 827.

/ETIIALEIA (Lemnos), island, ./Egean Sea, хш. 436.

иЕтнвьввкнт (Ethelbert), king of Kent, VIII. 278, 567. ИЕтнвьъ‘штн (Ethelfrith), king of

Northumberland, VIII. 271, 278; XVII. 569

/ETIIELINGS, Saxon princes, VIII. 289; XVIII. 302.

ЕТНЕЬЫОТН (Agelnotll), archbishop of Canterbury, I. 279.

/ETIIELRED, Saxon king of England, VIII. 286, 567.

fE'rHsLsTAN, Saxon king of England, 11.830; VIII. 285.

fETIIELwULF, Saxon king of England, VIII. 568.

AîTHeR, in interstellar space, VIII. 568.

_, of pharmacy, VIII. 568.

fETIIIOPIA (Ethiopia, q.v.), country, Africa, VIII. 611.

/ETH10PICA, Greek romance by Heliodorus, XI. 632; XX. 635.

ASTHRA, of Greek legend, XXIII. 294.

/ETIoLoGV, in biology, III. 688; its relation to pathology, XVIII. 361; of parasitism, XVIII. 262; of Sponges, XXII. 426.

AETION, Greek painter, I. 224.

[graphic]

AETIUS, founder of Arian sect, I. 224.

_, Greek physician, I. 225; XV. 804.

_, Roman general, I. 224; хх. 781; XXIV. 37.

¿ETNA (Etna), volcano, Sicily, VIII. 627.

AETOBATIS, genus of fishes, XX. 300.

АЁТОЫА, province, Greece, I. 22 5; coins of, XVII. 642.

ETOLIAN LEAGUE, I. 225; XI. 107.

ÀETOLIANS, people of Messenia, Greece, XVI. 53.

AEToIvIoRPHIe, group of birds, 111. 713.

IEX, genus of birds, XXIII. 105.

AFANASIEF, Aleksandr Nikolaevich, Russian Writer, I. 225.

AFARS, people of Central Africa, XXII. 255.

AFER, Domitius, Roman orator, I. 22 5; XX. 187.

AFFECrIoNs, The, in Butleŕs philosophy, IV. 586; Stoic doctrine of, XXII. 567. See also Ethics.

AFFIDAVIT, in law, I. 226.

AFFILIATION, ,in law, III. 426; XV. 779

AFFINITY, or relationship, I. systems of, IX. 22.

_, Chemical, I. 226, 153; V. 463, 464, 473

AFFIRMATIoN, in place of oath, I. 226; XVII. 701.

AFFoNso (Alphonso) I., king of Portugal, I. 618; XIX. 540.

_ Il., of Portugal, I. 618; XIX. 541.

_ III., of Portugal, I. 618; XIX. 542.

_ IV., of Portugal, I. 618; XIX. 543.

_ V., of Portugal 1. 618; XIX. 544.

_ VI., of Portugal, I. 618; XIX. 548.

AFFRE, Denis Auguste, archbishop of Paris, I. 226.

AFGHANISTAN, 1.227; II. 685,694; conquest of, by Alexander, I. 483; policy of Ellenborough towards, V111. 146; relations with India, XII. 807, 811; with Persia., XVIII. 648; Ghur territory in, I. 231; X. 569.

AEGIIANS, in India, XII. 792.

AFGHAN TURXESTAN, I. 241.

AFGI-IAN WAR, of 1839, хп. 807; of 1878, XII. 811.

AFIUIVI-KARA-HlssAR,
Turkey, I. 244; XIV. 2.

AFNU, language, Central Africa, XII. 318.

AFRAGOLA, town, Italy, I. 244.

AFRANIUS, Lucius, Latin poet, 1. 244.

_, Lucius, Roman consul, I. 244.

AFRICA, I. 245; ancient geography of, X. 14; XIV. 551; Ptole1ny’s geography of, XX. 95; ancient, conquest of by Vandals, XXIV. 58; coalñelds, V1. 58; diamond mines, VII. 164; XI. 204; XXIII. 518; explorations of, X. 182, 188, 194; XVII. 498, 504; XXIV. 763; by Barth, III. 401; by Bruce, IV. 393; by Livingstone, XIV. 720; by Mun

226;

town, Asiatic

[graphic]

zinger, XVII. 33; by Park, XVIII. 297; Ъу Speke and Grant, XXII. 390; flora, VII. 289; forests, IX. 407; freshwater fishes, XII. 672; gold, X. 744; languages, XVIII. 778, 780; XXI. 643, 654; dictionaries of languages, VII. 192; Christian missions, XVI. 517; Negro race in, XVII. 316; eases, XVII. 695; rainfall, XVI. 153; religions, XX. 362; slave trade in, XXII. 143.

AFRICA, Petrarch's Latin poem, XVIII. 711.

_, South, birds of, XVIII. 16.

AFRICAN RACE, in United States, XXIII. 821.

AFRICANUS, Julius, church historian, I. 273.

AFSOS, Sher Ali, Hindustani writer, XI. 849.

AFTER-EFFECI, in magnetism, XV. 258.

AFTER-GLOW, in twilight, XXIII. 674.

AFZELIUS, Adam, Swedish naturalist, I. 273.

_, Arwid August, Swedish historian, I. 273.

AGA, Turkish title, I. 273.

AGADAH, of the Jewish Midrash, XVI. 285, 503; XXIII. 36.

AGADES, town, Central Africa, I. 273; XVII. 695.

AGADIR, town, Algeria, XXIII. 422.

_, town, Morocco, XVI. 831.

AGALMATOLITE, mineral, XVI. 425.

AGAMAs, sacred books of the Ja'ins, XIII. 544

АсАмЕмыоы, in Greek legend, 1. 273; X1. 92; XVII. 827.

_, drama of Ãîschylus, I. 209.

` AGAMI, bird, XXIII. 594.

AGAMIDIE, family of lizards, XIV. 733, 736­

AGAMoGENEsIs, in 111010;э 1, III. 686; of insects, XIII. 146.

AGAÑ, town, Ladrone Islands, XIV. 200.

AGAPE, love feast, I. 274.

AGAPETUS I., pope, XIX. 493.

_ 11., роре, Xx. 788.

_-, Byzantine writer, I. 274.

AGAPORNIS, genus of birds, XV. 28.

AGARDE, Arthur, English antiquary, 1. 274.

AGAR-ELLIS, G. J. W., Lord Dover, VII. 381.

AGARICUS, mushroom, 1X. 832 ; XVII. 74

AGARISTE,Wooing of, at Sicyon, XXII. 32.

AGARPARA, town, India, XXIII. 673.

AGASIAS, Greek sculptor, I. 274.

AGASSIZ, Louis John RudolplI,naturalist, I. 274; his classification of animals, XXIV. 810; of fishes, XII. 634; 011 Echinodermata, II. 52 ; on naturalization, I. 84; on the origin of man, 11. IIo.

AGATE, stone, I. 277; XVI. 389; XVII.

776.

T_„vuanů .JL

AGATHARCIIIDES, Greek grammarian, I. 278.

AGATHARCHUS, Greek painter, I. 278.

AGATI-IIAS, Greek historian and poet, I. 278; 11. 103; 1v. 612.

АсАтш ISLAND, Laccadives, хш. 183.

AGATHO, Greek tragedian, I. 278.

AGATHOCLES, tyrant of Syracuse, I. 278 ; XXII. 20, 816.

AGATHYRsIANs, people of Transylvania, XXI. 575.

AGAVE, American aloe, 1. 597; X11. 262.

_ SISALENSIS, sisal-hemp plant, XXIV. 758.

AGAw, or Agow, Abyssinian language, I. 64; XXI. 655.

AGDE, town, France, 1. 278.

AGDISTIS, mother of the gods, XVIII. 691.

AGE, I. 278; its inñuence on suicide, XXII. 631; proportion of, in population, XIX. 515; longevity, хш. 857.

AGEING, in calico-printing, IV. 687.

AGELADAS, Greek sculptor, 1. 279; II. 350; XVIII. 734.

AGELNOTI-I, archbishop of Canterbury, I. 279.

AGEMA, Macedonian cavalry, xv. 14o.

AGEN, town, France, I. 279.

AGENARDUs (Eginhard), biographer of Charlemagne, VII. 697.

AGENCY, in law, I. 280.

AGENDA, liturgical service book, XIV. 710.

AGENT, in diplomacy, commerce, and law, I. 280; in partnership, XVIII. 330

_ DE CHANGE, in France, 1. 281.

АСЕ or REASON, Paine’s, XVIII. 136.

ACER PUBLICUS, Roman public lands, `

1. 289; хх. 673. AGESANDER, Rhodian sculptor, XIV. 293. AGESILAUS, king of Sparta, I. 281; XVIII.

577AGEUsIA, disease (loss of taste), XXIII.

AGGLUTINATIVE LANGUAGES, X1. 39; XvI. 749; XvIII. 774.

AGGREGATE CoMBINATIoNs, in mechanics, XV. 762.

AGGREGATION, States of, in physics, I. 282.

AGGTELEK, cave, Hungary, 1.420; x11. 362.

АснА, Turkish title, I. 273.

_ MUIIAMMAD, shah of Persia, XVIII. 645.

AGHLABITES, African Moslem dynasty, xvI. 579.

Асншм, Ireland, Battle of (1691), 1. 282.

AGILULF, king of the Lombards, хш. 815.

AGINCoURT, or мысом, ваше of (1415), 1. 282; V111. 320; Ix. 549.

AGIo, in commerce, I. 283.

AGIS, kings of Sparta, 1. 283.

[graphic]

AGISTMENT, Tithe of, I. 283.

AGISYAMBA, African country, in Ptolemy’s geography, XX. 95.

AGLAoPI-IAMUS, Lobeck’s work, XVII. 124.

AGLV, river, France, хх. 128.

AGMQNDESHAM (Amersham),
England, I. 735.

AGNANO, lake, Italy, I. 283.

AGNATEs, in Roman law, I. 283; хх. 688.

AGNESI, Maria Gaetana, Italian mathematician, I. 283.

, Maria. Teresa, Italian musician, I.

'284.

AGNI, Hindu god of fire, XII. 78o; XXI. 276.

Асыонтлз, heretical sect, 1. 284.

AGNoIoLoGv, theory of ignorance, 1X. по.

AGNoLo, Baccio d’, Florentine sculptor, I. 284.

_ DA SIENA, Italian architect, I. 285; XXII. 39, 44.

AGNONE, town, Italy, I. 284; tablet found at, хш. 446.

AGNosTICIsM, Kantian, XvIII. 794; XXIII. 246; in modern theology, XXIII. 249.

AGNUs DEI, 1. 284.

AGOBARD, archbishop of Lyons, I. 284.

AGOLANTI, Sandro di Giovanni, glass paintings of, X. 670.

AGONA, Carnival sports of the, Rome, V. 122.

AGONALIA, Roman festivals, I. 284.

AGONIC LINES, in magnetism, I. 284.

AGoNosToMA, genus of fishes, XvII. 18.

AGONOTHETA, superintendent of Greek games, I. 284.

AGORA, Greek market place, I. 285 ; of Athens, III. 2, 8 ; Olympian, XVII. 769

AGORACRITUS, Greek sculptor, II. 356.

AGORANOMoI, Greek magistrates, I. 28 5.

AGORATUS, Lysias’s speech against, XV. 119.

AGoRDo, town, Italy, 1. 285.

AGosTA, town, Sicily, 1. 285.

AGOSTINI, Leonardo, Italian antiquary, 1. 28 5.

AGosTINo, Paolo, Italian musician, I. 28 5.

_ DA SIENA, Italian architect, I. 28 5.

_ VENEzIANo, Italian engraver, xv. 531

AGoUTI, genus of rodent mammals, I. 28 5.

AGRA, division and district, NorthWestern Provinces, India, I. 285; XVII. 572; town, I. 286.

AGRAM, town, Austria, I. 287; VI. 592; university of, XXIII. 852.

AGRAPIIIA, disease, II. 171.

AGRARIAN LAws, Roman, I. 287; хш. 261; хх. 737. 757, 759, 765, 767

AGREDA, town, Spain, 1. 289.

AGREEMENT, in law, v1. 322.

town,

AGRET, town, Asiatic Russia, XXII. 821.

AGRICOLA, Christoph Ludwig, German painter, I. 290.

_, Cnœus Julius, Roman general, I. 289; in Britain, 1v. 353 ; his invasion of Caledonia, IV. 663; XXI. 471; life of, by Tacitus, XXIII. 2о.

_, Georg, German mineralogist, I. 290.

_, Johannes, German Reformer, I. 290; 11. 129.

_, Johann Friedrich, German musician, I. 290.

_, Rudolphus, German scholar, I. 290.

AGRICULTURAL HOLDINGS AGr, of 1875 (English), хш. 275 ; of 1883, XX. 306.

AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES, I. 305; list of, XXII. 227.

AGRICULTURE, I. 291 ; effects of foreign competition on, VI. 414; Arthur Youngs contributions to knowledge of, XXIV. 755; small farms, I. 412; XIV. 268.

AGRICULTURIsTs, Education of, I. 408.

AGRI-DACH, mountains, Transcaucasia, XXIII. 514.

AGRIGENTUM (Girgenti), ancient town, Sicily, 1. 417; XVIII. 729; XXII. 15, 16.

AGRIoNIA, Greek festival, I. 417; v11. 249.

AGRIGNID/E, family of insects, V11. 385.

AGRIPPA, sceptical philosopher, XXI. 380.

_, Henry Cornelius, German philosopher, I. 418.

_, Herod, king of Judœa, I. 417; XIII. 426.

_, Herod, II., king of Chalcis, I. 418; XIII. 426.

_, Marcus Vipsanius, Roman general, I. 418.

AGRIPPINA, wife of Germanicus, I. 419.

_, mother of Nero, I. 419; XVII. 347.

AGRoTERAs TIIUsIA, Greek festival, 1. 42o.

AGTELEK, village and cave, Hungary, I. 420; XII. 362.

AGUA, Volcano de, Central America, I. 420.

AGUADO, Alexander banker, I. 420.

AGUARICo, river, Ecuador, v11. 646.

AGUAS CALIENTES, town, Mexico, 1.420; XvI. 214; state, хш. 214.

AGUE, disease, Ix. 126; xv. 316; xv111. 394

AGUESSEAU, Henry François d’, French chancellor and author, VI. 761; 1x. 670.

AGUILAR, Grace, English authoress, 1. 420.

.__DE LA FRONTERA, town, Spain, 1. 420.

AGUILLON, François d’ (Актовые), mathematician, 1. 420; on binOculßr vision, XXII. 537.

XXV. — z

Maria, Jewish ACUIRRA, Josef Saenz d’, Spanish writer, I. 420.

AGULI-IAS, Cape, South Africa, I. 420.

_ CURRENT, XII. 822; XVII. 276.

AGULIAIIS, Caucasian tribe, XIV. 475.

AGUSAN, river, Philippine Islands, XVIII. 752»

AGYLLA, or Caire, town, Etruria., IV. 632; VIII. 635.

AHA, bishop of Seleucia, Syriac writer, XXII. 829.

AHAII, king of Israel, I. 420; VIII. 134; XIII. 406.

AI-IAGGAR, plateau, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 149

AHALA, Roman family, I. 421.

AIIALXALAXI, town, Transcaucasia, Russia, XXIII. 514.

AIIAMS, race of people, Assam, II. 718; XII. 791.

AHANTA, territory, Gold Coast, Africa, I. 421.

AIIASUERUS, king of Persia, I. 421; V111. 560.

_, the Wandering Jew, XIII. 673.

Ани, king of Judah, I. 422; XIII. 412.

AHAZIAII, king of Israel, I. 422.

AHENOBARBUS, Roman family, I. 422.

AIIIRS, tribe, India, XVIII. 72; XV. 303.

AI-IITI-IOPI-IEI., of Scripture, I. 422.

Ань HADR, settled Arabs, II. 249.

AIIMAD, Sayyid, Hindu Wahhabist, XI. 849.

AI-IMADABAD, district and town, British India, I. 422.

AIIMAD KHAN BAHADUR, Urdu writer, XI. 850.

AHMADNAGAR, district and town, British India, I. 423.

AIIMED I., Turkish sultan, XXIII. 644.

_ II., sultan, XXIII. 646.

_ III., sultan, I. 97; XXIII. 646.

_ KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 748; XXI. 91.

_ PASI-IA, Turkish Vizier and poet, XXIII. 656.

_ PASIIA, Turkish vizier, XXIII. 645.

_ SHAH, Afghan ruler, I. 239, 424; XII. 796.

_ в. TULUN, founder of an Egyptian dynasty, XVI. 586.

AHOMS, Shan tribe, Burmah, XXI. 773.

AHR, river, Germany, хх. 20, 519.

AI-IRIMAN, Zoroastrian principle of evil, 1.424; VII. 136; XVII. 858; XXIII. 238; XXIV. 822.

AIITS, American race, Mythology of, XVII. 148.

AI-IUACIIAPAN, town, San Salvador, Central America, XXI. 268.

AIIUDIIEIIIMEII, Syriac writer, XXII. 834—

AIIUITzOTI., ancient Mexican ruler, XVI. 210.

AHURA-MAZDA, or Ormuzd (11.12.), Zoroastrian principle of good, XVIII. 327; XXIII. 238; XXIV. 822.

[graphic]

AHWAZ, town, Persia., I. 424.

AI, three-toed sloth, XXII. 162.

_, town, Palestine, I. 424.

AIBUGI-IIR, gulf, Sea of Aral, XXIII. 634.

AIDAN, St, bishop of Lindisfarnc, 1. 424; XIII. 249; XXI. 475.

_, ancient Scottish king, I. 424.

AIDE-DE-CAMP, military ofiicer, 1. 425.

AIDIN, town, Asiatic Turkey, I. 425; province, XXIII. 653.

AIDS, feudal tribute, I. 42 5.

_ TO REFLECTION, Coleridge’s work, VI. 138.

AIGUILLE DU MIDI, mountain, France, XIII. 385.

AIKEN, town, South Carolina, USA., XXII. 288.

AIKENHEAD, David, Leighton’s epigram on, XIV. 427.

Аист, John, English writer, I. 425.

_, Lucy, English writer, I. 42 5.

Анат-ш, mineral, XVI. 395.

AIXMAN, William, Scottish portrait painter, I. 42 5.

AILANTHUS SILXIVORIII, XXII. 60; silk from, XIV. 216.

AILANTO, tree, 11. 320.

AILLV, Pierre d’, French cardinal, X. 549; XVII. 132; XX. 320; XXI. 431.

AILRED, English historian, I. 42 5.

AILSA CRAIG, rock, Firth of Clyde,1. 426.

AILURIDIE, faIIIily of Carnivora, XV. 441.

AIMÉ, G., on the temperature of the Mediterranean, XV. 823.

AIN, department, France, I. 426.

_, river, France, XIII. 782; XX. 528.

AINAD, town, Arabia, I. 426.

AINE-CLIACII, ancient division, Ireland, XIV. 649.

AINIIARDUS (Eginhard), biographer of Charlemagne, VII. 697.

AINMÜLLER, Maximilian Emmanuel, German glass-painter, I. 426.

AINOS, tribe, Japan, I. 426; хш. 581; their language, XIII. 586; dictionary of, VII. 192; in Saghalin, XXI. 147.

AINSwORTII, Henry, English divine, I. 426; XII. 724.

_, Michael, Shaftesbury’s letters to, XXI. 732.

_, Robert, author of Latin 1310tionary, I. 427.

AINTAE, town, Syria, I. 427.

AIR, 1.427; III. 28, 381; XVI. 114; XIX. 24o; XXIV. 157; constituents of, III. 32; measurement of density of, III. 381; expansion of, XII. 480; experi~ ments on, by CaVendish, V. 272; flow of, in pipes, XII. 490; force of, under compression, VIII. 209; geological influences of, X. 264; in relation to health, XII. 567; use of hot in furnaces, IX. 846; measurement of humidity in, XII. 569; impurities in, XXIV. 157 ; navigation of, 1. 187 ;

[graphic]

physical properties of, III. 28; XIX 24o; purification of, by fire, I. 120; as medium of conveying sound, I. Ioo; sound waves in, XXIV. 418; temperature of, at different elevations, I. 196; temperature of, over open sea, XVI. 117; thermometric properties of, XI. 574; diffusion of aqueous vapour in, VIII. 729; errors from weighing in, XXIV. 478; weight of, III. 28, 32.

AIR, country', Central Africa, l. 429; XVII. 695.

_, mountain, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 149.

_ AND FIRE, Scheelds treatise on, XXI. 388.

AIRAY, Henry, Puritan divine, I. 43o.

AIR BLAST, in forging, IX. 412 ; in iron smelting, XIII. 290.

AIRDRIE, town, Scotland, I. 430.

AIRE, river, England, I. 43o.

_, town, Landes, France, I. 43o.

_, town, Раз-(100811115, France, 1. 43o; XVIII. 340.

AIRECIIT, ancient Irish com/t, Iv. 254.

AIREDALE COLLEGE, Bradford, England, IV. 197.

AIR-ENGINE, I. 428; XXII. 522.

AIR-GUN, I. 428.

AIROLO, town, Switzerland, XXIII. 351.

AIR-PUMP, I. 429; XVI. 3o; XIX. 246; Guericke’s invention of, XI. 245 ; Papixŕs improvements on, XVIII. 228.

_ MANOMETER, XV. 496.

AIR THERMOMETER, X1. 563.

AIRY, Sir George B., 011 aberration of eye-pieces, XXIII. 144; on the lunar theory, XVI. 801; on the solar parallax, XVIII. 25o; on tides and waves, XXIII. 372.

AISIIA, wife of Mohammed, XVI. 552.

AISIN GIORO, Manchu legendary hero, V. 649; XV. 467.

AISLE, in architecture, 1. 43o.

AISNE, department, France, I. 431.

AISTULF, king of the Lombanis, XIV. 815.

AITKEN, W., on brass manufactures, IV. 217.

AITON, William, British botanist, I. 431.

AITzEMA, Leon van, Dutch historian, I. 431.

AIX, town, France, 1. 431.

AIX-LA­CHAPEI.I.E, town, пьешь Prussia, I. 431 ; XX. 21 ; Inineral water of, XVI. 435; peace of (1748), VI. 27o; Ix. 586; treaty of (1668), IX. 576.

AIX-LES-BAINS, town, France, '1. 431; XXI. 332; mineral water of, XVI. 435.

AJACCIO, tovm, Corsica, I. 432.

AJAN, region, Africa, I. 432.

AJAX, in Greek legend, I. 432.

_, Sophocles’s drama, XXII. 272.

_ OILEUS, in Greek legend, I. 433.

AJEHO, town, Manchuria, I. 433.

AJI, people, Central Africa, XXII. 256.

AJMIR, or Ajmere, district and town, India, I. 433; division, XX. 260.

A JóDHvA, town, British India, vIII. 855.

A JURUOCA, town, Brazil, 1. 434.

АКАВА, Gulf of, Red Sea, I. 434; XX. 316.

_, station for Moslem homages, XVI. 551

АкАВАн, town, Arabia, I. 434.

AKAKIA, Diatribe du Docteur, Voltaire’s work, Ix. 671; XXIV. 289.

AKATZIRS (Khazars), people, XIV. 60.

AKBAR, the Great, emperor of Delhi, I. 434; II. 7oo; XII. 794; XX. Ilo.

_ KHAN, Afghan prince, I. 24o.

AK-DAGI-I (Ararat), mountain, Armenia, II. 309.

AX DI-:NIz, lake, Syria, XXII. 821.

AKÉ, Pyramid of, Yucatan, XXIV. 759.

AKEMAN STREET, Roman road, England, XVIII. 94.

AKEN, town, Prussia., I. 435.

_, Hein van, Dutch romancist, XII.

90.

AXENSIDE, Mark, English poet, I. 435.

AKERBLAD, Jan David, Swedish Orientalist, I. 436.

AKERMAN, town, Russia, I. 436; convention of (1826), XXI. 20.

_, John Yonge, English numismatist, I. 436.

ÄKERMANN, Prof., on iron and steel, XIII. 282. AXIIAF, desert, Arabia, II. 24o. AKHALZIKH, or Akhaltsikh, town, Transcaucasia, Russia, I. 436; XXIII. 5I4. AKIIBAR (Akbar, qnt), emperor of Delhi, |- 434

AKI-IBARIS, Mohammedan theological school, XXII. 665.

AKIIDAR, J ebel, province and mountain range, Arabia, II. 238, 255.

_, Jebel al, district, Tripoli, North Africa, XXIII. 575.

AKI-IISSAR, town, Asiatic Turkey, I. 436.

AKIIMIN, tomi, Upper Egypt, vII. 794.

AKHTUBA, branch from the Volga, Russia, XXIV. 279.

AKIITYRKA, town, Russia, I. 436.

AKIBA, Ben Joseph, rabbi, I. 436.

AKIERMAN, or Akerman, convention of (1826), XXI. 2o.

AKKA (Acre), town, Syria, I. 120.

AKKAD (Accad), district, Mesopotamia, XVI. 5I.

AKODAII, settlement, West Africa, X. 75 5.

AXOLA, district and tovm, British India, I. 436.

AKRA, Citadel, Jerusalem, XIII. 64I.

_, J ebel, mountain, Syria, XXII. 821.

AKRAGAS (Agrigentum), ancient town, Sicily, I. 417; ххп. 16.

AKRON, tomi, Ohio, USA., 1. 437; XvII. 737

AKROPONG, settlement, West Africa, II. 217; X. 755.

Аккозтомим, genus of nemertine worms, XVII. 326.

AXSA, Е1-, mosque, Jerusalem, XIII. 642.

[graphic]

AKSARAI, river, Afghan Turkestan, I. 241.

AIC-SU, town, Chinese Turkestan, I. 437; XXIII. 638.

AX-TUBE, town, Asiatic Russia, XXIII. 627.

AKUAMU, country, West Africa, II. 217.

AKYAB, district and town, British Burmah, I. 437; II. 305.

ALABAMA, State, USA., 1.438; XXIII. 761; population, XXIII. 802.

_, Confederate cruiser, XXIII. 777, 782.

_ GROUP, Eocene rocks, X. 365.A

ALABANDINE, mineral, XVI. 392.

_ RUBY, mineral, XVI. 386.

ALABAsTBR, mineral, I. 439; xv. 529; XvI. 401.

_, William, English writer, I. 439.

ALACALUFS, race, Tierra del Fuego, XXIII. 384.

ALACHUA, savanna, Florida, USA., Ix. 338­

ALACHUN DACH, mountain range, Caucasus, V. 255.

ALACRANES, islands, Gulf of Mexico, I. 440

ALA-DAGH, mountains, Asia Minor, II. 7o5.

AL - AGHLAB, founder of a Moslem dynasty, XVI. 579.

ALAGIIöz, mountain, Transcaucasia, XXIII. 514; sulphur from, XXII. 634.

ALAGOAS, province, Brazil, I. 44o.

ALAIIA-ZEXHA, Syriac writer, XXII. 844.

ALAI, plateau and mountains, Central Asia, XVIII. 103; XXII. 3.

ALAIN DI; LILLE, theologian, I. 44o; XXI. 32 5.

ALAIS, town, France, I. 44o.

ALAJUELA, town, Costa Rica, I. 441.

ALA-KUL, lake, Central Asia, XXI. 64o.

ALALITE, mineral, XVI. 416.

ALAM, emperor of Delhi, XII. 8oz.

ALAMANNI, Luigi, Italian poet, I. 441.

ALAMANNIC LAw, XXI. 215.

ALAMO, town, Texas, U.S.A., XXI. 254.

ALAMOS, Los, town, Mexico, I. 441.

_ DI; BARRIENTOS, Balthazar, Spanish philologist, I. 441.

ALAIIIUT, mountain fortress, Persia, II. 723.

ALAN, William, cardinal, I. 441.

ALAND ISLANDS, Gulf of Bothnia, I. 441

ALANG-ALANG, gmss, in Java, XIII. 602; 111 Sumatra, XXII. 639.

ALANS, or Alani, Eastern tribes, I. 441 ; in Spain, Xx. 780; ххп. 308; their inroads on Persia, XVIII. 602; on Rome, XX. 780.

ALANTIXA, mountain, Soudan, Africa, XXII. 248, 277.

ALANUs AB INsULIs, theologian, I. 44o.

ALAOTRA, lake, Madagascar, Xv. 169.

[graphic]

ALAPIIION, early Syrian Christian,
XXII. 291.
ALARCON, Hernando de, Spanish

navigator, I. 442.

_ v MENDOZA, Juan Ruiz de, Spanish dramatist, I. 442; vII. 421; ххп. 359.

ALARIC, king of the West Goths, I. 442; X. 849; destruction of Athens by, 111. 10; 111 Italy, XX. 780; his relations to Stilicho, XXII. 5 5o.

_ II., king of the Goths, I. 443.

ALARUM CLOCK, v1. 24.

ALAsco, John, Polish theologian, I. 443.

ALA-SHEHR, town, Asia Minor, 1. 443.

ALASKA, Territory, U.S.A., I. 443; area and population, XXIII. 802; purchased from Russia, I. 711; XXIII. 782; birds of, III. 752; seal fisheries of, XXI. 583.

ALATAU, mountains, Central Asia, XXI. 64; XXIII. 633, 637.

ALATRI, town, Italy, 1. 444.

ALArvR, town, Russia, XXII. 77.

ALAUDA, genus of birds, хш. 314.

ALAVA, province, Spain, I. 444; XXII. 298.

_, Miguel Ricardo d’, Spanish general, I. 445.

ALAY, Turkish ceremony, I. 445.

ALAZUN, river, Caucasus, v. 255.

ALB, ecclesiastical vestment, 1.445; VI. 461.

ALBA, town, Italy, 1. 445.

_, or Alba Longa (qua), ancient town, Italy, хш. 344.

_, or Alva (q.v.), Duke of, I. 647.

ALBACETE, province, Spain, I. 445; XXII. 298; town, I. 446.

ALBACORE, fish, XXIII. 625.

ALBA LONGA, ancient town, Italy, I. 445; XII. 166; хш. 344; XVIII. 489.

ALBAN, St, British martyr, I. 446.

_ HILLS, Rome, XX. 807.

ALBANI, Francesco, Italian painter, I. 446; хх. 396.

—, Giovanni Francesco (Pope Clement XL), v. 822.

ALBANIA, ancient country, Asis, I. 448.

_, Scottish kingdom, XXI. 477.

_, province, Turkey in Europe, I. 446; XXIII. 653.

ALBANIAN LANGUAGE, xvIII. 784; dictionaries of, VII. 189.

ALBANIANS, in Greece, XI. 83.

ALBAN MOUNT, Jupiter worshipped on, хш. 780.

ALBANO, town and lake, Italy, I. 448.

_, Francesco, Italian painter, I. 446; XX. 396.

ALBANY, town, New York, U.S.A., 1. 448; Xvll- 454. 457; State library м,

[blocks in formation]

ALBANY, Dukes of, regents of Scotland, XXI. 491, 497; XXII. 610.

ALBARINE, river, France, XIII. 782.

ALBARRACIN, district, Spain, XXII. 293.

ALBATEGNI, A_rabian astronomer, I. 449; II. 751; XVI. 596; XXIII. 561.

ALBATRoss, bird, I. 449; XV. 334.

AL-BATTANI (Albategni), Arabian astronomer, I. 449; II. 751; XVI. 596.

ALBAY, town, Philippines, I. 449; volcano, XVIII. 749.

ALBAzIN, town, Asiatic Russia, 1. 747.

ALBE, ecclesiastical Vestment, I. 445.

ALBEMARLE (Aumale), town, France, III. 8 .

-5, George Monk, duke of, XVI. 751.

_, island, Galapagos, Pacific, X. I7.

ALBERIC, patrician of Rome, XX. 787.

ALBERONI, Giulio, cardinal and Spanish minister, I. 45o; IX. 584; XXII. 337.

ALBERT I.­V., dukes of Austria, I. 450.

_, Achilles, elector of Brandenburg, XX. 4.

_, the Bear, тащите of Brandenburg, I. 451; XX. 2.

_ l., king of Germany, I. 450; X. 493; his rule in Switzerland, XXII. 782.

_ II., of Germany, I. 45o; X. 496.

_, cardinal, elector of Mainz, I. 451.

_, first duke of Prussia, I. 451.

_, king of Saxony, XXI. 356.

_, king of Sweden, XXII. 746.

_, prince consort, of England, I. 451

of Saxony, monk, on floating in the air, I. 186.

_ of Stade, romancist, XX. 639.

ALBERTA, district, North-West Territory, British America, XVII. 573.

ALBERT EDWARD, Mount, Vancouver Island, XXIV. 57.

ALBERT HALL, London, XIV. 836. ALBERTI, Leon Battista, Italian architect, 1.453; 11.437; хш. 508; хх. 558. ALEERTINE TRACTS, on political

economy, XIX. 356.

ALBERTINI, Ippolito Francesco, Italian physician, XV. 815.

_, J. B., Swiss poet, XXII. 799.

ALBERTITE, mineral, XVI. 428.

ALBERT N YANzA, lake, Africa, I. 453; XVII. 505.

ALBERTRANDY, John Christian, Polish historian, I. 453.

ALßERTUs MACNUS, scholastic philosopher, I. 453; XVI. 710; XXI. 427; on alchemy, I. 464; on birds, XVIII. 3; his recipe for flying, I. 186.

ALBERTVILLE, town, France, XXI. 332.

ALBI, town, France, I. 454.

ALBIGENSES, religious sect, I. 454; XVI. 710; XVIII. 434; XX. 322; crusades against them, IX. 541.

ALBIN, Eleazar, on birds, XVIII. 5.

ALBINIsM, skin disease, XXII. 122.

ALBINO, person abnormally white, I. 45 5~

[graphic]
[graphic]

ALBINUS, Bernard Siegfried, anatomist, I. 455, 814.

_, Clodius, Roman general, XXI. 699.

_, Flaccus (Alcuin), learned ecclesiastic, 1. 471.

ALBION PRINTING PRESS, XXIII. 704.

AL-BIRUNI, Arabian geographer, XIV.

57

ALBIS (Elbe), river, Germany, VII. 825.

ALBITE, mineral, XVI. 419.

ALBIzzEsCI-II, St Bernardino, Sienese preacher, III. 603; XXII. 43.

ALBIZZI, their contests with the Medici, XV. 783.

ALBOIN, king of the Lombards, 1.455; XIII. 467; XIV. 814; XVII. 234.

ALIsoRNoz, Spanish cardinal, I. 4 55; хх. 801.

ALBRECHT, or
Austria, I. 450.

ALBRECIITSBERGER,
musician, 1. 455.

ALBRECIITSBURG CASTLE,
Saxony, XV. 831.

ALBRET, Henri d’, king of Navarre, XV. 538

ALBUERA, village, Spain, 1. 456.

ALBUFERA, Duke of (Suchet), French marshal, XXII. 617.

_ DE VALENCIA, lagoon, Spain, I. 456; XXII. 295; XXIV. 33.

ALBUM, I. 456.

ALBUMAZAR, Arabian astronomer, I. 456

ALBUMEN, I. 456; in milk, XVI. 303; of plants, 1V. I 55.

_ PROCESS, in photography, XVIII. 824.

ALBUMENOIDS, nitrogenous carbon сошpounds, XVII. 520.

ALBUMINOID SUBsTANCEs, of animal origin, V. 579.

ALBUMINoUs DEGENERATION, in pathology, XVIII. 390.

ALBUMINURIA, disease, IV. 345; XVIII. 387.

ALBUQUERQUE, town, Spain, I. 4 56.

_, Alphonso d’, Portuguese governor of India, I. 456; XII. 797.

_, Juan Alonzo de, minister of Pedro I. of Castile, XVIII. 45o.

ALCA, genus of birds, X. 78; XX. 302.

ALC/EUS, Greek poet., I. 457.

ALcAICs, in poetry, I. 4 57.

ALCAIDE, Spanish отсек, 1. 457.

ALCALA DE GUADAIRA, town, Spain, I. 457

ALCALA DE HENARES, town, Spain, 1. 458; birthplace of Cervantes, V. 347. ALCALA LA REAL, town, Spain, I.

458ALCALDE, Spanish official, I. 458. ALCAMENES, Greek sculptor, I. 458; II. 356ALCAMO, town, Sicily, I. 458. ALCANTARA, seaport, Brazil, 1. 458.

Albert, dukes of Johann Georg,

Meissen,

ALCANTARA, tomi, Spain, I. 458.

_, Knights of, 1. 458; XXII. 316.

ALCARAZ, town, Spain, I. 458.

ALCARRAZAS, Spanish water-jars, II. 24.

ALCAVALA, Spanish tax, 1. 458; XXII. 320.

ALCAYDE, Spanish officer, 1. 457.

ALCAZAR, palace, of Segovia, XXI. 623; of Seville, XXI. 709; of Toledo, XXIII. 436

_ DE SAN JUAN, town, Spain, l. 459

_ KEBIR, town, Morocco, I. 459.

ALCEDO, genus of birds, XIV. 81».

ALCELAPHUS CAAMA, species of antelopes, XI. 496. '

ALCEO, pastoral by Ongaro, XVIII. 345.

ALCESTE, in Greek legend, 1. 459.

_, opera. by Gluck, X. 694.

ALCESTER, town, England, 1. 459; XXIV. 379

ALCESTIS, in Greek legend, l. 459.

_, play of Euripides, VIII. 674.

ALCHEMY, I. 459; connexion of chemistry with it, V. 4 59.

ALCHERIUS, Jehan, early Writer on dyeing, VII. 571.

ALCIIRED, Northumbrian king, XVII.

570

ALCIIUKU (Ajeho), town, Manchuria, I. 433

ALCIATI, Andrea, Italian jurist, 1. 467.

ALCIBIADEs, Greek leader, I. 468; XI. 102; XVIII. 576.

ALCIDAMAS, Greek political sophist, XXII. 265.

ALCIMUs, Jewish high priest, XIII. 422.

ALCINOUS, of Greek mythology, I. 468; XIX. 559.

_, Greek philosopher, I. 468.

ALCIONIUS, Petrus, Italian scholar, I. 472.

ALCIPIIRON, Greek letter-writer, I. 468; XX. 636.

ALCIRA, town, Spain, I. 469; XXIV. 33.

ALCMAN, or Alcmœon, Alexandrian critic, I. 469; ancient MS. of his writings, XVIII. 146.

ALCMENE, mother of Hercules, I. 469.

ALCOCK, John, English bishop, I. 469.

_ PROVINCE, North Borneo, XXI. 123.

ALCOHOL, I. 469; its action on the brain, VII. 482; XIII. 102, 109; its (Нешто uses, VII. 204; diseases caused by, V11. 50; XVIII. 407; in fermenting dough, III. 254; formation of, IV. 275; VII. 264; IX. 92; Licbig’s investigations on, XIV. 566.

_, Methyl, XVI. 194.

ALCoIIoLoME'rER, X11. 540.

ALCOHOL THERMOMETER, XI. 562.

ALCoIIoLs, in chemistry, V. 553, 562.

ALCOY, town, Spain, I. 471.

ALCUDIA, Duke of (Godoy), Spanish statesman, I. 471; XIX. 55o; XXII. 342.

ALCUIN, early English ecclesiastic, I.

classical

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