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BURNOUF, Eugène, French Orientalist, IV. 566.

_, Jean Louis, French scholar, IV. 566.

BURNS, in surgery, XXII. 681.

_, Robert, Scottish poet, IV. 566; his place in English literature, VIII. 429. BURNSIDE, Ambrose Everett, American

general, XXIII. 777, 788. BURNT CLAY, as manure, I. 351. BURNTISLAND, town, Scotland, IV. 571. BURNT UMBER, pigment, XIX. 88. BURR, Aaron, vice-president of United States, XXIII. 756, 758, 788; his duel with Hamilton, XI. 413. BURRA, East and West, islands, Shetland, Scotland, XVII. 846. BURRA-BURRA, town and copper mine, South Australia, III. 109; XXII. 284. BURRAV, island, Orkney, Scotland, XVII. 846.

BUR-REED, plant, XX. 319.

BURRIIEL, Nepalese sheep, XXI. 785.

BURRING, in wool manufacture, XXIV. 657.

BURRISAL (Barisal), town, India, III. 248.

BURRIUM, Roman station, Monmouth, England, XVI. 754.

BURRO, mountain, Utah, U.S.A., XXIV. 19.

BURROUGI-I, Edward, English Quaker, XX. 147.

_, Stephen, Arctic explorer, XIX. 316.

BURRow-DUCX, bird, XXI. 788.

BURRUS, Afranius, general of Nero, XVII. 348.

BURSEE (Barsi), town, India, XXI. 832.

BURSLEIII, town, England, 1V. 571; XXII. 442.

BURTON, or Burton-on-Trent, town, England, 1v. 571, 265; XXII. 442.

_, Sir Richard F., his African explorations, I. 247; X. 194; XXII. 390.

_, Robert, English moralist, 1V. 571; on tobacco, XXIII. 427.

BURTON-0N-TRENT, town, England, IV. 571; XXII. 442; its breweries, ~IV. 265.

BURTsCIIEID, town, Prussia, IV. 572.

BURU, island, Indian Archipelago, 1V. 572

BURUT (Buriats, q.v.), Mongolian tribes, XIV. 94.

BURY, town, England, IV. 573.

_ ST EDMUNDS, town, England, IV. 573; XXII. 622.

BUSBECQ, Augier Ghislen de, Flemish traveller, IV. 574.

BUSBY, Richard, headmaster of Westminster School, IV. 574.

BUSCA, town, Italy, 1v. 574.

BÜSCIIING, Anton Friedrich, German geographer, 1V. 574.

BUSHAHR (Bushire), town, Persia, IV. 574; XVIII. 628.

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BUSH-HAWK, bird, XIV. 54.

BUsIIIRE, or Bushahr, town, Persia, IV. 574; XVIII. 628.

BUSHMEN, African race, IV. 575; 1. 264.

BUSHNELL, Horace, American theologian, 1V. 576.

BUsIRIs, mythical Egyptian king, Iv. 576i XIX- 559

_, ancient town, Egypt, IV. 576.

BUSSA, town, on Niger, Africa, XVII. 497»

BUSSAI-IEER (Bassahir), state, India, III. 424.

BUSSORAH, or Basra, town, Asiatic Turkey, IV. 577; VIII. 671; XVI. 562, 590, 592; gum of, XI. 276.

BUSSY-RABUTIN, Comte de, French author, XX. 202; his relations with Madame de Sévigné, XXI. 704.

BUSTAMITE, mineral, XVI. 417.

BUsTAR (Bastar), state, India, 111. 425.

BUsTARD, bird, IV. 578.

BUSTO ARSIzIo, town, Italy, Iv. 579.

BUSUANGA, island, Philippines, XVIII. 752

BUTADES, Greek potter, IV. 579; II. 347—

BUTANE, in chemistry, ‘у. 557; XVIII. 238.

BUTCIIER-BIRD, IV. 579; XXI. 845.

Вити, county, Scotland, IV. 579; area and population, XXI. 528; representation, XXIII. 727.

_, Earl of (John Stuart), English statesman, 1V. 581; VIII. 357.

BUTEA KINO, drug, XIV. 91.

ВЫП, Lucrezia, reputed mistress of Lippi, XIV. 684.

BUTILIN, leader of the Alemanni, XVII. 233.

BUTLER, Alban, author of Lives of the Saints, IV. 582.

_, Charles, English writer, 1V. 582.

_, James, first earl of Ormonde, XIII. 260.

_, James, twelfth earl (first duke) of Ormonde, XVII. 854.

_, Joseph, bishop of Durham, IV. 582; his Analogy of Religion, I. 792; II. 192; his ethical system, VIII. 600; on scepticism, XXI. 384; his place in English literature, VIII. 431.

_, Samuel, author of Hudibras, IV. 588; as ваш-151, XXI. 319; his place in English literature, VIII. 424.

_, William Archer, Irish philosophical writer, 1V. 590.

BUTO, Egyptian goddess, IV. 590.

BUTRINTO, town, Albania, IV. 590.

BUTSCHETJE, 0r Butshetsh, mountain, Transylvania, V. 127; XXIII. 521.

BUTTAUF, plain, Palestine, XVIII. 171.

BUTTE, town, Montana, U.S.A., XVI. 774

BUTTE-AUX-CAILLES, heights, Paris, XVIII. 274.

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BUTTER, IV. 590; VI. 77о; XVI. 304; adulteration of, I. 171; Cork trade in, V1. 406; imitation, XVII. 760.

_, Nathaniel, publisher of early English newspaper, XVII. 413.

BUTTERCUP, plant, XX. 272.

BUTTERFLIES, group of insects, IV. 592; XIII. 151; mimicry in, XVI. 343.

BUTTERINE, substitute for butter, 1V. 592

BUT'TERMILK, XVI. 304.

BUTTER NUT, XVII. 664.

BUTTERwoRT, insectivorous plant, XIII. 137.

BUTTERwoRTII, town, Straits Settlements, XXII. 587.

BUTTEs-CIIAUIIIONT, heights, Paris, XVIII. 274.

BUTTMANN, Philipp Karl, German philologist, IV. 598.

BUTTON, and button making, IV. 598.

_, Sir Thomas, Arctic explorer, XIX. 317.

BUTTRESS, in architecture, II. 461.

BUTURLINOVXA, town, Russia, XXIV. 298.

BUXAR (Baxar), town, India, III. 454.

BUXTEHUDE, Dietrich, musician, XVII.

90.

BUXTON, town, England, IV. 600; mineral water of, XVI. 433.

_, J edidiah, arithmetical prodigy, 1v. 601.

_, Sir Thomas Fowell, English phil~ anthropist,1v. 601 ; slavery abolitionist, XXII. 141.

BUXTORF, John (d. 1629), German Hebraist, IV. 601; X1. 601.

, John (d. 1664), Hebraist, 1V. 602.

BUVANTU KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 742

BUYER, his legal position, хх1. 206.

ВПУЗ-ВАЬЬОТ’З LAw, of the winds, III. 29; XVI. 147.

BUzGIIoL-KIIANA, pass, Central Asia, XII. 3.

BUZUTUK, town, Russia, XXI. 243.

BUZZARD, bird, IV. 603; moor-buzzard, XI. 491.

BYBLIS, insectivorous plant, XIII. 137.

BVsLUs (Papyrus), Egyptian plant,'vII. 711.

_, town, Phœnicia, XIII. 613; XVIII. 804.

BVELAVA, river, Russia, XXIV. 279.

BYELEFF, or Bieleff, town, Russia, III. 667'; XXIII. 605.

Бунт-0212110, lake, Russia, XVII. 606.

BVELovVEsII PUSIICIIA, forest, Lithuania, XIV. 701.

BVELozERsR, town, Russia, XVII. 607

BVELVI, town, Russia, XXII. 183.

BVERLV TURK, progenitor of race' horses, XII. 182, 184. _

BVEzIIETsR, or Визами, ют, Rusßlav ш, 668; ххш. 672_

XXV. —— ю

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—- _ _fr-___;“T-"T- "

BYLLINGE, Edward, American Quaker, xx. 152.

BYNG, George, Viscount Torrington, admiral, IV. 603.

, J 01111, British admiral, IV. 604; 1х. 588.

BYNKERSHOEK, Cornelius van, Dutch jurist, Iv. 604.

BVRD, William, English musical coniposer, XVII. 85; XXIII. 34.

BYRGIUS, Justus, logai'itlimist, XIV. 775.

BYRICHRITE, mineral, xvi. 391.

BYRNE, Nicholas, English journalist, xvii. 417.

BYROM, John, English poet, IV. 604; his hymns, XII. 594; his system of shorthand, XXI. 837.

BYRON, Loivl, English poet, Iv. 604; his influence on the drama., VII. 438; as satirist, XXI. 320; his relations with Shelley, XXI. 791; his place in English literature, VIII. 433.

_, John, British admiral, iv. 612; X. 189.

BYRSA, citadel of Carthage, V. 162.

BYSSOLITE, mineral, XVI. 417.

BYSTRÖM, Johann Nicolaus, Swedish sculptor, IV. 612; xxi. 570.

BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE, ii. 422; at Venice, XXIV. 148.

BvzANTiNE EMPIRE, xi. 106, 114.

BvzANTiNE CLASS-MAKING, x. 650.

BYZANTINE HisTORiANs, iv. 612.

Bi'zANTiNE LITERATURE, Xi. 145.

BYzANTiNE PAINTING, xvii. 43.

BYZANTINE SCULPTURE, xxi. 556.

BYZANTIUM (Constantinople), ancient Greek city, 1V. 615; coins of, XVII. 654; libraries, XIV. 512.

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С the third letter of the alphabet, iv.

› 616.

СААВА (КаЪа, q. 11.), sacred stone, Mecca, xv. 672.

CAB, hackney carriage, v. 136.

CABAGAN, town, Luzon, Philippine Islands, IV. 616.

CABAL, advisers of Charles II., IV. 619; XV. 308; the naine an acrostic, I. 121.

CABALE UND LIEBE, зашит play, xxl. 396.

CABALLERIAS, Spanish romances, xxii. 355

CABALLERO, Fernau (Cecilia Böhl von Faber), Spanish novelist, VIII. 833; ххп. 362.

CABALLOS, Puerto, town, Honduras, XII. 13o.

CAnANis, Jean, on birds, xviii. 29. _, Pierre Jean George, French physiologist, iv. 616; 1х. 673; ххш. 497. CABARRUS, François, Spanish financier,

iv. 617.

CABAssoU, kind of armadillo, xv. 387.

CABATUAN, town, Philippine Islands, Iv. 617.

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CABAZERA, town, Philippine Islands, IV. 617.

CABBAGE, vegetable, IV. 617; XII. 280; culture of, I. 369; Kerguelen, XIV. 49.

CABBALA, or Kabbalah, Jewish theosopliy, XIII. 810; XX. 490; its relation to alchemy, I. 461.

CABENDA, or Kabinda, town, West Africa, iv. 618; xiv. 743.

CABET, Étienne, French communist, IV. 618.

CABEZA DEL BUEY, town, Spain, IV. 618.

CABEZA DE VACA, Nuñez Alvaro, Spanish explorer, XVII. 662.

CABIADIS, Dr, his observations ou the plague, xix. 159.

CABINDA, town, ‘Vest Africa, IV. 618; XIV. 743.

CABINET, The British, iv. 618; viii. 260; XVI. 472.

_, in United States, ххш. 750.

GOVERNMENT, xi. i3; beginning of, in England, viii. 352.

CABiNETMARiNG, Iv. 499.

CABINETS, furniture, IX. 850.

CABIRA, town, Asia Minor, XIX. 459.

CABIRI, in mythology, IV. 620; XI. 679; XVIII. 803 ; mysteries of the, XXI. 250.

CABLE, for ship, 1v. 621; xxi. 597; as kind of rope, XX. 843.

, Submarine telegraphic, XXIII. 114.

CABLE-HOLDER, v. 78.

CABLE TRAMWAVS, XXIII. 508.

CABOCHE, Jean, mob-leader in Paris, (1412-18), xviii. 290.

CABOCHIANS, party in Paris, IX. 549; XVIII. 290.

CABO CORSO (Cape Coast Castle), town, )Vest Africa, V. 4i.

CAEOT, John, navigator, Iv. 622; х. 183.

——, Sebastian, English navigator, IV. 622; х. 183; Xix. 316; his discoveries in South America, 1I. 489.

CABRA, town, Spain, iv. 62 3.

CABRAL, Pedro Alvarez, Portuguese navigator, X. 181; his landing in Brazil, IV. 228.

CABRERA, one of the Balearic Islands, iii. 278.

_, or Caprera, island, Italy, V. 77.

CABUL, town and province, Afghanistan, IV. 623; river, I. 228.

CABURET, issue of Indian and Negress, xvii. 319.

CACAO (Cocoa), tree and fruit, VI. ioo.

CACCABIS, genus of birds, XVIII. 333.

CACCIA DEI. FALCONE, Lorenzo dei
Medici’s work, XV. 786.

CACCIANiiiICi, Gherardo de
Lucius IL), XV. 48.

CACCINI, Giulio, Italian musician, XVII. 86.

CACERES, province, Spain, viii. 564; XXII. 298.

_, town, Spain, IV. 624.

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[graphic]

(Роге

CACnALOT, sperm whale, xv. 396; xxiv. 525.

CACHAO, town, Anain, IV. 624.

САСНЕО, or Cacliao, town, West Afriœ, lV. 624.

CACHEXIA, disease, xv. 317; XVIII. 27o, 395

CACIIOEIRA, town, Brazil, Iv. 624.

CACONGO, or Kakoiigo, kingdom., West Africa, iv. 625; xiv. 742.

CACOXENE, mineral, XVI. 405.

CACTUS, group of plants, IV. 625; in United States, XXIII. 810; culture of, x11. 265.

CADAI-IALSO, José de, Spanish poet, IV. 626.

CADDis-FLIES, insects, xiii. 151.

CADDos, American-Indian tribe, x11. 832.

CADE, Jack, Insurrection in England under (1450), viii. 327; xi. 661; xiii. 261; ххп. 725.

CADENCY, in heraldry, xi. 704.

CADER IDRis, mountain, Wales, xvi. 38.

CADI, Moslem judge, xvi. 591; ххп. 664.

CADIZ, province, Spain, XXII. 298.

, town, Spain, Iv. 626; observatory at, xvii. 713.

CADMEA, Citadel, Thebes, Greece, XXIII. 229.

CADMIUM, chemical element, iv. 628; v. 526.

CADiiUs, in Greek legend, Iv. 629; xi. 480; traditional invent/or of the alphabet, xviii. 806.

_, Mount, Asia. Minor, II. 706.

CADOLOUS (Honorius II., antipope), xix. 498.

CADOOR (Kadur), district, India, XIII. 815.

CADORE, Tiziano Viccllio da (Titian), Italian painter, XXIII. 413.

CADOUDAI., Georges, French royalist, V. 687.

CADUCEUS, Greek symbol of herald’s oilice, IV. 629.

CADUsIANs, Persian expedition against them, xviii. 578.

CADzow CASTLE, Lanark, Scotland, XI. 411.

CADzOw FOREST, Scotland, Wild cattle of, V. 245.

C/ECILIIE, order of Ainpliibia, I. 751 .

CAsCiLiAN, bishop of Carthage, vii. 359’

C/EDMON, Anglo-Saxon poet, iv. 629; viii. 280, 405; xvii. 570.

C/ELiUs ANTiPATER, Roman шпаны, xiv. 729.

CAEN, toim, France, IV. 631; university of, ххш. 841.

CIERE, ancient town, Etruria, IV. 632; viii. 634.

CAEREINioN, Wales, remains of British camp at, xvi. 789.

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CAER-GWENT, ancient British tomi, England, XVII. 595.

CAERLEGN, town, Monmouth, England, IV. 632; XVI. 754.

_ (Chester), England, Battle of (с. 613), XVII. 569. CAERMARTHEN, county and town,

Wales, V. 114, 115.

CAERNARVON, county and tomi, Wales, V. 118, 119.

CAERWENT, Monmouth, England, Roman station at, XVI. 754.

C/ESALPINUS, Andreas, Italian natural philosopher, IV. 633; his botanical work, IV. 79; his alleged discovery of the circulation of the blood, XI. 504; XXIV. 95.

CESAR, Roman title, XX. 777.

_, Caius Julius, Roman dictator, IV. 633; XX. 763; his relations with M. Antony, II. 141; with Cleopatra, V.826; with Pompey, XIX. 451; in Britain, IV. 352; place of his landing in England, XXII. 725; 111 Gaul, IX. 527; inSpain, XXII. 306; 1115 adjustment of the calendar, IV. 666; XXII. 276; his Latin style, XIV. 333; 1115 place in Roman literature, Xx. 720.

_, Sir Julius, English scholar, IV. 639.

CIESARAUGUSTA (Zaragoza), ancient tovm, Spain, XXII. 307; XXIV. 77o. CfEsAR Боксы, IV. 53; I. 487,489; 1х.

554; хш. 481; xv. 147.

CzEsAREA, town, Cappadocia, Asia Minor, IV. 640; V. 75.

, town, Mauretanie, Africa, XV. 637.

_ AUGUSTA (Zaragoza), ancient town, Spain, XXII. 307; XXIV. 770.

_ PALESTINA, Roman metropolis of Palestine, 1v. 639

_- PIIILIPPI, town, Palestine, IV. 640.

СЕЗАКЕАЫ ERA, v. 715.

CmsARonUNUM (Tours), ancient town, France, XXIII. 491.

C/ESARS, Lives of the, Suetonius’s work, XXII. 619.

CESENA, ancient town, Italy, V. 357.

C/EsIUM, chemical element, V. 524; х1х. 592

CAFÉ LAURENT, Paris literary club, XXI. 23.

CAFFEINE, alkaloid, distinctive of coffee, VI. 112.

CAFFRARIA, CAFrREs, XIII. 816, 818. See also Kaffraria, Kafl'res.

CAFUSO, issue of Negro and Indian, XVII. 319.

CAGE, as used in mining, VI. 74; xvI. 456, 462

САС-Ы, town, Italy, IV. 64o.

CAGLIARI, town, Saxdinia, Iv. 64o; XXI. 309

_, Paolo (Veronese), Italian painter, XXIV. 173.

CAGLIosTRo, Alessandro, Count, charlatan, Iv. 641; VII. 52.

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[graphic]

CAGN, South-African god, XVII. 136.

CAGNIARDELLE, blasting machine, XVI. 60.

CAGNIARD-LATOUR, Baron, on the temperature and pressure of gases, XIX. 245.

CAGNOLA, Luigi, Marquis, Italian architect, IV. 641.

CAGNOLI’S FORMULE, in trigonometry, XXIII. 567.

CAGO (Oporto), ancient town, Portugal, XVII. 796.

CAGOTS, race of people, Franceand Spain,
IV. 641.

CAGUA, mountain, Philippine Islands,
XVIII. 749.
CAHIRCIVEEN,

XIV. 52.

CAHORS, town, France, IV. 642; university of, XXIII. 839.

СА1А220, town, Italy, IV. 648.

CAIcos ISLANDS, West Indies, III. 236; хш. 549. `

CAICUS, river, Mysia., Asia. Minor, II. 708; XVII. 122.

CAIETA (Gaeta), ancient town, Italy, X. 14.

CAILCEDRA, 662.

CAILLETET, his liquefaction of gases, XIX. 245; his apparatus, XII. 433.

CAILLETTE, French jester, IX. 366.

CAILLIÉ, or Caille, René, French African traveller, IV. 642; I. 246.

CAIN, of Scripture, IV. 642.

CA’ING WHALE, cetacean, XXIV. 525.

CAINITES, Gnostic sect, IV. 642.

CAINozoIc RocXs, X. 360.

CAIRD, James, on the growing of wheat, 1- 357

CAIRN, pile of stones, IV. 642.

CAIRNEs, John Elliot, political economist, Iv. 643; XIX. 380.

CAIRNGORM, mountain, Scotland, XIII. 199.

_, precious stone, IV. 644; I. 43; XVI. 389.

CAIRO, town, Egypt, IV. 645; 1. 267; VII. 751, 769; library, XIV. 549; mosques, II. 446; XVI. 865.

_, town, Illinois, U.S.A., XII. 706.

CAISSON, in engineering, IV. 647; II. 461; for harbours, XI. 471; in bridgebuilding, IV. 325; VI. 114.

CAITI-INEss, county, Scotland, Iv. 647; area and population, XXI. 528; representation, XXIII. 727; ancient remains in, XXI. 51.

CAIUS, Roman presbyter, on Cerinthus, v. 346.

_, John, founder of Caius College, Cambridge, IV. 648; XV. 808; on birds, XVIII. 3; on the sweating sickness, XXII. 734.

_- CIESAR CALIGULA, Roman emperor, IV. 706; хх. 772, 775.

__— COLLEGE, Cambridge, IV. 731.

stone fort, Ireland,

tree, Seneganibia, XXI.

[graphic]

CAJAMARCA (Caxamarca), town, Peru, V. 279.

CA JATAMBO, town, Peru, V. 279.

CA JAzzo, town, Italy, IV. 648.

CAJEPUT OIL, Iv. 648; from Buru, IV. 573

CAJETAN, Benedict (Pope
VIII.), IV. 33.

_, Cardinal, papal legate to Germany, IV. 649; XV. 73.

CAKUNTALA, Sanskrit drama, XIII. 829.

CALABAR, count-ry, “'est Africa, IV. 649; river, I. 2 54.

_ BEAN, poisonous plant, IV. 650; 111. 461.

CALABER, Quintus, Greek poet, хх. 188.

CALABOZO, town, Venezuela, IV. 650; XXIV. 140.

CALABRIA, district, Italy, IV. 650; XIII. 439; coins of, XVII. 637.

CALADIUM, stove plant, XII. 266.

CALAFATE, plant, Patagonia, XVIII. 353.

CALAII, Ruins of, Nineveh, XVII. 512.

CALAHONDA, village, Spain, XVII. 4.

CALAHoRRA, town, Spain, IV. 651.

CALAIS, town, France, IV. 651; XVIII. 339

CALAITE, mineral, XVI. 405; ххш. 670.

САЬАМАЕПВЕ, family of snakes, XXII. 192.

CALAMIANES,
XVIII. 752.

CALAMINE, mineral, XVI. 398 ; XXIV. 784; electric, polarity of, XIX. 312.

CALAMIS, Greek sculptor, II. 354.

CALAMITIEs 0F AUTHORS, D’Israeli’s work, VII. 260.

CALAMUS, genus of palms, XVIII. 189.

_, incense, XII. 718.

_, ancient writing implement, XVIII. 483.

_ DRAco, plant, VII. 389.

CALAMY, Edmund, Nonconformist divine (d. 1666), IV. 652.

_, Edmund, N onconformist divine (d. 1732), IV. 652.

CALANDRA GRANARIA, wheat pest, XXIV. 536.

CALANDRELLA, genus of birds, XIV. 315.

CALAPAN, town, Philippine Islands, XVIII. 752.

CALAPHATES, Michael V., Byzantine emperor, XVI. 226.

CALAS, Jean, French Protestant, IV. 652; Voltaire’s Vindication of, XXIV. 290. CALASANZA, Joseph, founder of the

Piarists, XIX. 78. CALAsIo, Mario de, Italian Biblical scholar, IV. 653. CALATAFIIII, town, Sicily, “И 653CALATAcIRoNE, town, Sicily, 1v­ 712. сАьАтАшзЕттА, town, Sicily, IV. 713; ххп. 31. сАытАуив, town, Spain, IV­ 653CALATRAVA, Spanish стих-121111113 order, XXII. 316.

Boniface

islands, Philippines, CALAURIA, island, Greece, XIX. 521; amphictyony of, I. 773.

CALAVERAS, California, U.S.A., gigantic trees of, XXI. 674; XXIII. 810.

CALBE-ON-'IIIE-SAALE, town, Prussia, XIII. 826.

CALCAR, John de, German paInter, IV. 653.

CALCAREA, class of sponges, XXII. 421.

CALCAREOUS SPAR, Iv. 65 3.

CALCAREOUS SPRINGS, X. 27o.

CALCEDON (Chalcedon), ancient town, Asia Minor, v. 371.

CALCEDONY, or Chalcedony, precious stone, I. 277; XVI. 389; XVII. 776; XXI. 310.

CALCEOLARIA, greenhouse plant, XII. 262.

CALCHAS, Greek soothsayer, IV. 653.

CALCHEDON (Chalcedon), town, Asia Minor, V. 371.

CALCISPONGES, XXII. 418.

CALCITE, mineral, X. 228; XVI. 396.

CALCIUM, chemical element, V. 525; XIV. 647; as plant food, XIX. 49.

_ FLUORIDE (Fluor-Spar), mineral, 1х. 349.

CALCoPrIVLLITE, mineral, XVI. 407.

CALC-SPAR, mineral, IV. 653 ; XIV. 647;
XVI. 396.

CALCULATING MACHINES, 1V.
Babbagds, III. 178.

CALCULATION, Arithmetical, II. 526.

CALCULUS, concretion in the bladder, XXIV. 189. '

_, Intinitesimal, XIII. 5; claims of Leibnitz and Newton to the discovery of, XIV. 419; XVII. 446; differential, хш. 13; integral, XIII. 33.

_ or FUNCTIONS, 1X. 823.

_ 0F VARIATIONS, XXIV. 85; due to Lagrange, XIV. 207.

CALCUTTA, capital of India, IV. 656; rise of, XII. 800; jute trade of, XIII. 801; libraries, XIV. 533; newspapers, XVII. 432; university, XXIII. 856.

CALDANI, Leopold Marco Antonio, Italian anatomist, IV. 659.

CALDAS, Brazil, hot Springs of, IV. 223.

_ DE MOMBUY, Spain, mineral water of, XVI. 434.

CALDEIRAS, boiling fountains, Azores, III. 171.

CALDER, Sir Robert, British admiral, IV. 659.

CALDERON, Sel-afin Estébanez, Spanish satirist, XXII. 361.

DE LA BARCA, Pedro, Spanish dramatist, 1v. 659; VII. 422; XXII. 359

CALDERWOOD, David, Scottish historian, 1v. 661.

CALDICOT CASTLE, Monmouth, England, хш. 754.

CALDIERO, Italy, Battle of (1796), III.

131.

654;

CALE (Oporto), ancient seaport, Portugal,

XVII. 795. CALEB WILLIAMS, Godwin’s novel, X. 718. o

CALEDONIA, ancient Northern Britain, 1V. 662; XXI. 471.

_, Chalmers’s work, V. 373.

_, Canada, mineral water of, XVI. 436~

CALEDONIAN CANAL, IV. 787.

CALEDoNITE, mineral, XVI. 402.

CALENBERG, principalit-y, Hanover, IV. 664.

CALENDAR, IV. 664; V. 711; reformation of, by Caesar and Sosigencs, IV. 638; XXII. 276; by Gregory XIII., XI. 178; AccadIan, III. 191; Burmese, IV. 555; Egyptian, VII. 728; French Republican, IX. 606; Gregorian, or New Style, IV. 671; ancient Mexican, I. 695; XVI. 212; Nepalese, XVII. 343; Siamese, XXI. 853.

CALENDARIO, Filippo, Venetian architect and conspirator, XXIV. I 53.

CALENDER, Inachine for dressing cloth, IV. 682; for glossing paper, XVIII. 224.

CALENDERING, in cloth bleaching, III. 819.

CALENDS, first day of the Roman month, 1V. 665.

CALENDULA, genus of plants, XV. 544.

CALEPINO, Ambrogio, Italian lexicographer, IV. 683; his polyglott dictionary, VIII. 843. `

CALE 0E MAN, islet, Irish Sea, XV. 450

CALF SKINS, for tanning, XIV. 380, 386.

CALHOUN, John Caldwell, American politician and orator, 1V. 683; I. 722; XXIII. 762, 764, 77o.

CALIARI, Carlo, Italian painter, XXIV. 174.

_, Paolo (Veronese), Italian painter, XXIV. 173.

CALIBRATION, of thermometers, XXIII. 289.

CALICIIE, nitrate of soda, XVII. 518.

CALICO, cotton cloth, v1. 488, 500.

CALICo-PRINTING, IV. 684.

CALICUT, town, India, Iv. 693.

CALIFORNIA, State, U.S.A., IV. 694; topography of, XXIII. 801 ; population, XXIII. 802; discovery of, by Hernan Cortes, VI. 442; surveyed by Alarcon, I. 442; aborigines of, XII. 826; birds, III. 752; marine fishes, XII. 679; forests, IX. 405; gold, X. 743; mines, XVI. 470; opium cultivation, XVII. 792; sulphur mines, XXII. 634; trees, XXIII. 809; wine industry, XXIV. 611.

_, Gulf of, XVIII. 116; pearl fisheries, XVIII. 447.

_, Lower, state, Mexico, XVI. 214.

CALIEORNIAN ToAD, lizard, XIV. 736.

CALIGRAPHV, XVIII. 143; XXIII. 682.

[graphic]

CALIGULA,Caius Cœsar, Romanemperor, 1V. 706; Xx. 772, 775; as Antichrist, II. 124.

_, Palace of, at Rome, хх. 823.

CALINGA, ancient kingdom, India, хш. 829.

САЬШСАРАТАМ, town, India, XIII. 829.

CALIPH, Mohammedan sovereign, IV. 706; XVI. 589, 591; XXII. 661.

CALIPIIATE, The Eastern, XVI. 565.

_ OF CORDOVA, XXII. 313.

CALIPIIATES, Coins oi the, XVII. 659.

CALIPIIS, Tombs of the, Cairo, XVI. 865.

CALIPPUS, Greek astronomer, II. 748.

CALISAVA, quinine, XX. 186.

CALISIA (Kalish), ancient town, Poland, XIII. 829.

CALISTHENICS, gymnastic exercises, XI. 350

CALITRI, town, Italy, 1V. 707.

CALIXTINES, Christian sect, XVI. 811.

CALIXTUS I., or Callistus, pope, IV. 707; XIX. 489; XXI. 127.

_ ll., pope, IV. 707; XIX. 499.

_ III., pope, IV. 707.

_, Сет-81115, Lutheran divine, IV. 707.

CALLAINITE, mineral, XXIII. 670.

CALLAIS, or Callaina, ancient precious stone, XXIII. 670.

CALLANDER, town, Scotland, XVIII. 667.

CALLAO, town, Peru, IV. 707; XIV. 644.

CALLATIS (Mangalia), ancient town, Thrace, XV. 479.

CALLCO'I'I, Sir Augustus Wall, English painter, IV. 708.

_, John lVall, English composer, IV. 708.

_, Mrs Maria Graham, English writer, IV. 708.

CALLERNISII, впишем
Lewis, Scotland, XIV. 492.

CALLES (Cagli), ancient town, Italy, IV. 640.

CALLICIITIIVS, genus of fishes, XXII. 69.

CALLIGRAPHV, XVIII. 143; XXIII. 682.

CALLIMACIIUS, Greek architect and Statuary, IV. 709.

_, Greek poet and librarian of the Alexandrian library, IV. 708; I. 498. CALLIOPE, Muse of epic poetry, IV. 709;

XVII. 74.

CALLIPID/E, Grœco-Scythian race, XXI. 575­

CALLIPOLIS (Gallipoli), ancient town, Italy, X. 43.

CALLIPUS, Period or Cycle of, IV. 668.

CALLIRRHOE, in Greek legend, IV. 709.

CALLISTIIENES, Greek philosopher, IV. 709; his courage and his fate, I. 484.

_, Pseudo-, romancing history of, XX. 64o.

CALLISTO, in Greek mythology', IV. 709; XVIII. 208.I

stones of, CALLIsTRATUs, Athenian orator, Iv. 709.

_, Athenian poet, IV. 709.

CALLISTUS, 0r Calixtus (qc), popes, IV. 707; XIX. 489.

CALLITHRIX, genus of apes, II. 154.

CALLITRIs, genus of trees, XVI. 833; XXI. 256.

CALLoN, Greek sculptor, II. 3 5o.

CALLOPHIS, genus of snakes, XXII. 196.

CALLosITIEs, in mammals, xv. 348.

CALLOT, Jacques, French engraver and caricaturist, 1V. 709; V. 104.

CALLowIIILI., Hannah, wife of William Penn, XVIII. 497.

CALLUNA, genus of plants, X1. 589.

CALLYODON, genus of fishes, XVIII. 324.

CALMAR, county, Sweden, XXII. 741.

_, town, Sweden, 1V. 710; treaty of union of (1397), VII. 85; XVII. 746.

CALMET, Augustine, French Biblical critic, Iv. 710; IX. 671.

CALMEVER ISLAND, Indian Archipelago, XXII. 653.

CALMUCKS, or Kalrnuks, people, Mongolia,1v. 710; XVI. 745, 749; XXIII. 70.

CALNE, town, England, IV. 711; XXIV. 594

CALcENAs, genus of birds, XIX. 85.

CALOMEL, in chemistry and pharmacy, Iv. 711; XVI. 33, 35; as mineral, XvI. 384.

CALOMPE, town, Cambodia, Iv. 725.

CALONNE, Charles Alexandre
French statesman, IV. 711; 1х. 595.

CALoPRINI, noble family, Venice, XvI. 836.

CALOPTENUS, genus of locusts, XIV. 766.

CALORIMETER, XX. 132; Thompson’s, for coal, VI. 80.

CALORIMETRV, measurement of quantities of heat, XI. 5 5 5.

CALoTEs, genus of lizards, XIV. 736.

CALOTVPE, in photography, XVIII. 824.

CALPE, the ancient Gibraltar, X. 585.

CALPRENÈDE, Chevalier de la, French штанам, хх. 659.

CALPURNIUS, father of St Patrick, XVIII. 411.

_, Titus, Roman poet, IV. 712.

_ PISO, Lucius, Roman annalist, XIV. 729.

CALTAGIRONE, town, Sicily, Iv. 712.

CALTANIsErrA, town, Sicily, Iv. 713; ххп. 31.

CALTHA, genus of plants, XV. 544.

CALTHROP, in heraldry', XI. 703.

CALUIRE-ET-CUIRE, town, France, XX. 529.

CALUMET, American-Indian pipe of peace, XIX. 111.

_ COPPER MINES, Michigan, U.S.A., XvI. 239; ххш. 816.

CALVADOS, department, France, IV. 713.

CALVART, Denis, painter, IV. 713; XX. 396

CALVERT, George, Lord Baltimore, English statesman, IV. 713; XvII. 385.

de,

CALVI, town, Corsica, IV. 713.

CALVIN, Gerard, father of John Calvin, IV. 714.

_, John, Reformer, IV. 714; X. 149; хх. 334; ххп. 791; his system of church order, XIX. 676; his doctrine of predcstination, XIX. 670; his influence on French prose, IX. 654; his relations with Bcza, 111.625; with Риге], 1х. 32; with Servetus, XXI. 685; with Soeinus, XXII. 228.

CALVINIsTIc CHURCHES, their liturgical service, XIV. 711.

CALVINISTIC METHoDIsTs, Welsh, XVI. 193.

CALVISIUS, Sethus, German astronomer, IV. 721.

CALVUS, Licinius, Roman poet, V. 249.

CALW, town, lVürtemberg, XIII. 8 3o.

CALVCADNUS, river, Asia Minor, II. 708.

CALYDON, ancient town, Greece, IV. 721.

CALYMNA, island, Asia Minor, coins of, XVII. 647.

CALYPSO, in Greek mythology, IV. 721.

_, Grotto of, Malta, XV. 341.

CALYPTOBLASTEA-LEPTOMEDUS/E, order of Hydrozoa, XII. 561.

САЬУРТЮЕА, genus of Mollusca, XVI. 650.

CALYX, of plants, Iv. 131.

CAM, in mechanics, XV. 759.

_, Diogo, Portuguese discoverer, IV. 721.

CAMAHIEU, Le, а sardonyx cameo, Iv. 739

CAMALDULIANS, Camaldoli, or Camaldolites, religious order, IV. 721; XVI. 708.

CAMARACUM (Cambray), ancient town, France, IV. 726.

CAMARGUE, district, Bouches-du-Rhône, France, IV. 169.

CAMARINA, ancient town, Sicily, 1v. 721; ххп. 814; coins of, XvII. 639.

CAMARooN, river, West Africa, 1. 254.

_ MOUNTAINS, West Africa, I. 251.

CAMBACÉRÈS, Jean Jacques Regis de, French statesman, IV. 722; IX. 613; XVII. 203.

CAMBADENE, Parthian kingdom, XVIII. 592

CAMIIALUC, or Cambalu, ancient capital of China, Iv. 722.

CAMBARUS PELLUCIDUs, blind crayfìsh, Xv. 4 5o.

CAMBAY, town and gulf, India., Iv. 723.

CAMBERT, Robert, French musical composer, IV. 723.

CAIsIBERwELI., district, London, XIV. 822.

CAMBIASI, Luca (Luchetto da Genova), Italian painter, X. 158.

CAMBIUM, layer between stem and bark in trees, Iv. 101; XII. 15.

[graphic]

САМБО, France, mineral springs of, хх. 127.

CAMBODIA, kingdom, south~eastern Asia, IV. 723; its relation to Siam, XXI. 854..

, rIver, VI. 94.

CAMBODUNUM, Roman 1201111, England, XII. 331.

CAMBOGIA (Gamboge), drug, X. 60.

CAMBOIs COLLIERV, Northumberland, England, VI. 63.

CAMBOJA (Cambodia, q.v.), kingdom, Asia, Iv. 723.

CAMBORNE, town, England, Iv. 726.

CAMBRAY, or Cambrai, town, France, IV. 726; league and treaty of (1508), 1х. 555, 556; XXIV» 144

CAMBRIAN ROCKS, х. 329.

САмвшс, muslin, IV. 726.

CAMBRIDGE, county, England, Iv. 726; population and representation, XXIII. 727.

_, town, England, IV. 728; university, XXIII. 838, 848; Trinity College, III. 579; libraries, XIV. 520, 542; newspapers, XVII. 422; observatory, XVII. 710; boat racing, XXI. 31.

_, town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., IV. 732; Harvard College at, XI. 500; libraries, XIV. 5 50; observatory, XVII. 715.

_, О. P., on spiders, II. 294.

_ GULF, Western Australia, XXIV. 507.

_MoRALIs'rs, Ethics of the, VIII. 597

_ PLAToNIsTs, XIX. 211.

CAMBUSXENNETH ABBEY,
XXII. 5 5 5.

CAMBVSES, king of Persia, father of
Cyrus, Iv. 732.

_, king of Persia, son of Cyrus, IV. 733; XVIII. 567; in Egypt, vII. 743

CAMDEN, tomi, New Jersey, U.S.A., Iv. 734; XVII- 397

——, town, South Carolina, U.S.A., IV. 734; battle of (1780), ххш. 744.

_, First Earl, lord chancellor of England, IV. 735.

_, First Marquis, lord lieutenant of Ireland, XIV. 853.

_, William, English antiquary, IV. 734; 011 anagrams, I. 790.

CAMEL, ungulate mammal, Iv. 735; XV. 430; its affinity to the llama, XIV. 738; of Arabia, 11. 242; of Egypt, VII. 711; 0f Persia, XVIII. 625; of Turkestan, XXIII. 635, 638.

САМЕЫЫЕ OIL, XVII. 745.

CAMELLIA, genus of plants, 1v. 737; its culture as greenhouse plant, XII. 262; allied to tea, XXIII. 97.

CAMELON CAUsEwAV, Roman road, Stirling, Scotland, XXII. 554.

CAMELOPARD, ungulate mammal, Х618; Xv. 432.

[graphic]

Scotland,

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