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BATTLESBURV, ancient camp, “ты, England, XXIV. 37o.

BATTUS, kings of C_Vrene, Africa, III. 445, 446; XXIII. 28o.

BATU, Mongol chief, XVI. 741, 746; XXI. 46, 90.

_ ISLANDS, Sumatra, III. 446; XXII. 639.

BATUM, or Batoum, seaport, Transcaucasia, Russia, III. 446; XXIII. 514; ceded to Russia (1878), XXIII. 653.

BAUDEKIN, variety of gold cloth, XXIII. 210.

BAUDELAIRE, Charles, French poet, III. 446; IX. 677.

BAUDOUIN, F. J., French journalist, XVII. 42 5.

_ DE SEBOURC, French chanson, IX. 643.

BAUDRILLART, Henri, French economist, XIX. 395.

BAUER, Mayer Anselm, founder of the Rothschild family, XXI. 3.

BAUHIN, Gaspard, French botanist, III. 446

_, Jean, French botanist, III. 447.

BAUME, Antoine, French chemist., III. 447­

BAUME FOCOT, gum, XIX. 512.

BAUMGARTEN, Alexander Gottlieb, German philosopher, III. 447; his limitation of aesthetics, I. 212; 0n the beautiful, I. 217.

BAUMGARTEN-CRUSIUS, Ludwig F. 0., German theologian, III. 447.

BAUR, Ferdinand Christian, German theologian, III. 447; on church history, V. 766; on origin of Synoptic Gospels, X. 841; on New Testament canon, III. 643.

BAUTAIN, Louis E. M., French philosopher and theologian, III. 45o.

BAUTISTA DE TOLEDO, Juan, Spanish architect, VIII. 54o.

BAUTZEN, town, Germany, III. 4 5o; XXI. 357; battle of (1813), XVII. 219.

BAUXITE, or Beauxite, mineral, XIII. 295; XVI. 388.

BAVARIA, III. 450; conquest of, by Charlemagne, X. 479; Count Rumfonfs administration in, XXIII. 310; its army, II. 600; libraries, XIV. 526, 547; newspapers, XVII. 429; prison system, XIX. 760.

BAVARIAN ALPS, I. 628.

BAVARIANS, Law code of the, ancient, XXI. 215.

BAVEAN, or Bawean, island, Java, XIII. 600.

BAXAR, or Buxar, town, India, III. 454; XXI. 735.

BAXTER, Andrew, Scottish metaphysician, III. 454.

_, Richard, English divine, 111.455; hymns by, XII. 592; on Presbyterianism, XIX. 689.

BAYAD, fish, XXII. 68.

[graphic]

BAYAM, Atfonso Lopes de, Portuguese ‘

poet, XIX. 555.

BAVAN, Mongol general, XIV. I 5I.

BAYARD, the steed, Romance of, хх. 653. l

_, Chevalier de, French knight, III. 457

BAVAZID, tomi, Armenia, III. 458.

BAVBERRV OIL, XVII. 744, 747.

BAYER, John, his notation of stars, II.

7S4~ BAYERBERG, mountain, Germany, XXI.

349

BAYERN (Bavaria, q.v.), III. 45o.

BAYEUX, town, France, III. 458; XVII. 539~

_ TAPESTRY, VIII. 162.

BAYEZID, or Bajazet, l., Turkish sultan, III. 247; XXIII. 641.

_ Il., Turkish sultan, XXIII. 642.

BAYI-IAM, Viscount, lord chancellor of England, IV. 735.

_ ABBEY, Sussex, England, I. 20.

BAV-LAUREL, tree, XIV. 348.

BAYLE, Gaspard L., French physician, XV. 816.

_, Pierre, lexicographer, III. 458; XVII I. 539; his Dictionnaire Historique et Critique, VIII. 194; his influence on French literature, 1х. 661; his scepticism, XXI. 383.

BAYLEN, Duke of, Spanish general, V. 186.

BAVNARD’s CASTLE, old London, XIV. 843.

BAYONET, weapon, II. 558; XI. 284; XXII. 8oz.

BAYONNE, town, France, III. 459.

BAYOUS, river offshoots, XV. 20; XVI. 520.

BAV PsALM BOOK, XV. 614.

BAVREUTH (Baireuth, q.v.), town, Bavaria., III. 246.

BAV SALT, XXI. 228.

BAV-WINDOW, in architecture, II. 460.

BAIWVOOD, Honduras mahogany, XV. 288.

BAZA, town, Spain, III. 459.

BAZAINE, François Achille, French marshal, IX. 627; his capitulation at Metz (1870), XVI. 204.

BAZARAD, Alexander, Voivode of Walachia, XXI. 16.

BAzARD, Armand, French socialist, III. 459; VIII. 212; XXI. 198.

BAZARDJUSI, mountain, Caucasus, V. 2 54.

BAzARUTo ARcIIIPELAGo, East Africa, XVII. 7.

BAzIGARs, tribe, India, III. 459.

BAzIN’s HYDRAULIC FORMULE, XII. 497—

ВА20СНЕ, Clerks of the, actors of moralities, VII. 414; IX. 645.

BAZTAN, town, Spain, XVII. 249.

BAZZI, Giannantonio (Il Sodoma), Italian painter, XXII. 245; XXI. 434.

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BDELLIDIE, family of Arachnida, II. 276; XVI. 528.

BDELLIUIII, gum-resin, III. 460; XVII. 121; used as incense, XII. 718.

BDELLOIDA, order of Rotifera, XXI. 8.

BEACHES, Raised, X. 2 56.

BEACHY HEAD, promontory, England, 111.460; XXII. 723.

BEACON, at sea, XIV. 62 5.

_ CONTROVERSY, among Quakers, хх. I49.

BEACONSFIELD, town, England, III. 460.

_, Earl of (B. Disraeli), British statesman, VIII. 367.

BEAcoNs or BRECKNOCK, hills, Wales, IV. 243.

BEAD, ornament, III. 460; of glass, X. 652.

BEAGLE, dog, VII. 329; XII. 316.

_ CHANNEL, Tierra del Fuego, XXIII. 384.

BEAM, in carpentry, IV. 477; in bridges, Iv. 289.

BEAN, leguminous plant, III. 460; culture of, I. 360; XII. 279, 283; as forage crop, I. 377; straw as fodder, I. 361.

BEAR, carnivorous mammal, III. 461; XV. 441; hibernation of, XI. 788; arctic, colour of, XVI. 343; of India, XII. 741; skins of, IX. 837.

_ACCOUNT, Stock Exchange term, I. 92.

_ BAITING, III. 461.

BEARD, III. 462.

BEAR ISLAND, Spitzbergen, XXII. 408.

BEAR LAKE, Great, Canada, III. 462.

BEAR LODGE, natural pillar, Rocky Mountains, U.S.A., XXIII. 797.

BEAR-MOUSE, or Marmot, XV. 559.

BÉARN, province, France, III. 465.

Битв-Рост, plant, XI. 635.

BEAS, river, India, XXI. 146.

BEAST, of the Apocalypse, II. 125; XX. 499

BEAST-FORMS, Myths of, XV. 90; XVII. 135; XXIII. 467.

BEATIA (Baeza), ancient town, Spain, III. 229. i

BEATIrIcATIoN, V. 23.

BEATINE, nitrogenous carbon compound,

[blocks in formation]

BEAUFORT, Pierre Roger de (Pope Gregory XL), XI. 178.

_ FAMILY, earls and dukes of Somerset, VIII. 327.

BEAUIIARNAIS, Eugène de, stepson of Napoleon I., III. 467.

_, Eugénie Hortense de, Louis Napoleon’s mother, XII. 209; XVII. 226.

_, Joséphine de, wife of Napoleon I., XIII. 751; XVII. 196; divorce of, XVII. 215.

BEAUI-IARNAISIUS,
XXIII. 477.

BEAUJEU, Anne of, regent of France, v. 411; 1х. 553.

BEAULIEU, Augustin, French admiral, I. 566.

_, Jacques, French surgeon, XXII. 676.

BEAUMANOIR,

~ jurist, III. 467.

BEAUMARCHAIS, Pierre Augustin Caron, French dramatist, III. 467; VII. 426; 1х. 666.

BEAUMARIS, town, Wales, III. 468.

-—- SHARK, XIX. 518.

выпьют) CRoss, Newark, England, XVII. 370.

BEAUMONT, Francis, English draxnatist, III. 469; VII. 432.

BEAUMONTITE, mineral, XVI. 422.

BEAUNE, town, France, III. 474; Hospice de, XXIV. 606.

BEAUSOBRE, Isaac de, French Protestant writer, III. 475.

BEAUTIFUL, Theory ofthe, I. 212; XVIII. 795; Burke’s work on, IV. 54o; 50111froy on, XIII. 754.

BEAUTY, its nature, IX. 194; Hutcheson on, XII. 411; Plato on, XIX. 201.

­­­­ AND 'r1-IE BEAST, folk-tale, xv. 91.

BEAUVAIS, town, France, III. 475; XVII. 749

_, Vincent of, encyclopaedist, VIII. 192; XXIV. 235.

BEAUXITE, or Bauxite, mineral, XIII. 295; XVI. 388.

BEAVER, rodent mammal, III. 475; XV. 418; skins of, Ix. 838.

_, perfume, XVIII. 526.

BEAVER­WOOD, tree, XI. 360.

BEBAJIAS, Gipsy tribe, India, III. 248.

ВЕВВА, British princess, XVII. 569.

BÉBÉ (Nicholas Ferry), French dwarf, VII. 567.

BEBEERINE (Bibirine), vegetable alkaloid, III. 633.

BEC, Monastery of, Normandy, II. 91.

BsccArxco, bird, XVIII. 53.

BECCAFUMI, Domenico, Italian painter, 111.476; XXII. 44.

BECCARI, Agostino, Italian pastoral dramatist, VII. 418; XVIII. 345.

BECCARIA, Marquis, Italian jurist and economist, III. 477; XIX. 362.

_, Giovanni Battista, Italian astrono

genus of birds,

Philippe de, French

[graphic]

mer, III. 477 ; his experiments in electricity, vIII. 7.

BEccLEs, town, England, 111.477; ххп. 622.

BECERRA, Gaspar, Spanish painter and sculptor, III. 477.

BEcIIE-DE-MER, or Trepang, edible

echinoderm, III. 477. See also VII. 640. BECI-IER, Johann Joachim, German

chemist, III. 477; V. 460.

BECIISTEIN, Johann M., on birds, XVIII. 91 I7

BEcHTERMUNzE, Henry and Nicholas, German printers, XXIII. 685.

BECHUANA LANDS, Africa, Languages of, XXIV. 828.

BECI-IWANA, or Bechuanas, Negro tribes, III. 478; XVII. 319; their totemism, XXIII. 468; of Transvaal, XXIII. 518.

BECK, David, Dutch painter, III. 479.

BECKER, Wilhelm Adolf, German archzeologist, III. 479.

ВЕСКЕТ, Thomas, or Thomas À, archbishop of Canterbury, I. 31; V. 29; VIII. 304, 372; his contests with Henry II., XI. 657; his bones burnt, VI. 606.

BEcKEI'r’s LOCK, XIV. 749.

BEcXroRD, William, English writer, III. 479

BEcKLEV’s SELF-REGISTERING ANEMOMETER, II. 25.

BECKIIIANN, Johann, German writer, III. 479; 1.644

BECXWITH, Agnes, English swimmer, XXII. 771.

_, Colonel, Waldensian philanthropist, XXIV. 325.

BECUIBA TALLow, vegetable fat, XVII. 744

BED, in furniture, IX. 849.

BEDA (Bede, q.v.), early English historian, III. 480.

BEDARRIEUX, town, France, III. 479.

BED-CHAMBER, Ladies of the royal, XXI. 37.

BEDDOES, Thomas, English physician, III. 479.

_, Thomas Lovell, English dramatist, III. 480.

BEDE, early English historian, III. 480; VIII. 280; XIII. 593; XVII. 569, 570; his account of Cœdmon, Iv. 63o; on monachism, XVI. 707; his place in English literature, VIII. 405.

BEDELL, William, bishop of Kilmore, III. 482.

BED-FEATHERS, IX. 59.

BEDFORD, town, England, III. 482.

_, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., mineral water of, XVI. 436.

_, Duke of, English regent in France, VIII. 321; Ix. 549.

_- HoURs, illuminated MS., XII. 708.

__- LEVEI., district, England, III. 482 ; draining of, I. 404; IV. 727.

BEDFORDSIIIRE, county, England, III.

[graphic]

483; population and representation, XXIII. 727.

BED JA, town, Tunis, XXIII. 620.

BEDLAMS, for detention of lunatics, XIII. IIo.

BEDLIs, town, Armenia, III. 617.

Ввпьов’з ISLAND, New York, U.S.A., XVII. 459.

BEDMAR, Marquis of, Spanish ambassador to Venice, XXIV. 147.

BEDNOR, town, India, III. 483.

BEDOUINS, nomad Arabs, II. 246; I. 564; XXI. 651; in Syria, XXII. 823.

BEDR, Battle of, near Medina (623), XVI. 555

BEDSTEAD, in furniture, 1х. 849.

ВЕЕ, insect, III. 484, 493; XII. 576; XIII. 148; honey of, XII. 136, 138; wax, XXIV. 459.

_, Humble, XII. 342.

BEECH, tree, III. 503; culture of, II. 317; in U.S.A., XXIII. 808; strength of the wood, XXII. 603.

BEECIIER, Lyman, American temperance reformer, XXIII. 158.

BEECHEY, Frederick William, Arctic explorer, III. 503; X. 193; XIX. 319. _, Sir William, English painter, III.

503.

BEECH-NUT 011, XVII. 744.

BEECKMAN, Isaac, his friendship with Descartes, VII. 116.

BEEF-MEASLE, XXIII. 52; XXIV. 206.

BEE-HIVES, III. 499.

BEEK, David, Dutch painter, III. 479.

BEE-KEEPING, III. 501; XII. 138.

BEELTHAN, George of, Syriac writer, XXII. 842.

BEELZEBUB, III. 503; VII. 136; XVIII. 756

BEE-MARTIN, bird, XIV. 81.

BEE-PASTURAGE, III. 498.

BEER, beverage, Iv. 264; XV. 338; adulteration of, l. 172; Burton, IV. 572; consumption of, in Munich, XVII. 26; tax on, in England, XV. 339.

_, Dob, Jewish sectarian leader, XIII. 681.

_, Herz, father of Meyerbeer, XVI. 222.

BEERBERG, Grosser, mountain, Germany, XXIII. 332.

BEERBHooM (Birbhum), district and town, India, III. 697.

BEERSIIEBA, town, Palestine, III. 504; XVIII. 172.

BEEsToN, town, England, XVII. 598.

BEEswAX, III. 486; XXIV. 459; bleaching of, III. 825.

ВЕЕТ, vegetable, III. 504; XII. 279; culture 0f, I. 381; rum from, XXI. 58; sugar from, I. 381; XXII. 625, 626.

BEETHOVEN, Ludwig van, musician, III. 504; as Symphonist, XVII. 97

BEETLE, insect, III, 507; v1` 126; хш. M8; mimicl'y in, XVI. 343.

_ MITE, XVI- 528.

XXV. ­- 7

BEBTLING, in bleaching, III. 818.

BEETS, Nicolaes, Dutch writer, XII. 98.

BEGARELLI, Antonio, of Modena, Italian sculptor, XXI. 569.

BEGAS, Karl, German painter, III. 507.

BEGBAZAAR, town, Asiatic Turkey, III. 507.

BEGGARs, English laws against, XIX. 462.

BEGGAR’s OPERA, Gay’s,v11. 437; X. 120.

BEGIIARDS, communistic mystics, III.

507; I. 140; XVI. 711; XVII. 132; Eekhart’s connexion with them, VII. 642.

BEGONIA, stove plant, XII. 265. BEGUINES, communistic mystics, III. 507; XVI. 709; XVII. 132.

BEI-IAIM, Martin, cartographer and navigator, III. 509; X. 680. ' BEHAR, province, India, III. 508, 567;

town, III. 509; XVIII. 409. BEHBEHAN, town, Persia, III. 509. BEI-IEM, or Behaim, Martin, cartographer

and navigator, III. 509; X. 680. BEI-IISTUN, Persia, rock inscriptions at,

III. 509; XVIII. 567.

BEHMEN, Jakob (Boehme, q.v.), German

mystic, III. 852.

BEHN, Aphra, English dramatist, III.

509; VIII. 424.

BEHRING, Vitus, Danish Arctic explorer,

III. 510; XIX. 318.

BEIIRINGS ISLAND, North Pacific, III.

509

BEIIRING’S STRAIT, III. 509; XVIII.

116; whale fishery in, XXIV. 528. BEI-IRIscII, E. W., friend of Goethe, x.

722.

BEIBAZAAR (Begbazaar), town, Asiatic

Turkey, III. 507.

BEIGIITON, Henry, his steam-engine

improvement, XXII. 474.

BEING, Science of, XVI. 79. _ AND Nor BEING, in Eleatic philo

sophy, XVIII. 315.

BEIRA, province, Portugal, III. 510;

XIX. 537.

BEIROUT, or Beyrout, town, Syria, III.

622; commerce of, XXIII. 655. BEI'r-EL-FAKIII, town, Arabia, III. 510. BEJA, town, Portugal, III. 510. BEJAPORE (Bijapur), state and town,

India, III. 669.

BEJAR, town, Spain, III. 510; XXI. 203. BÉJARD, Armande, wife of Molière, XVI.

625.

BEKA, district, Asiatic Turkey, XXIII.

654.

ВЕКЕ, Charles T., English traveller, III.

510.

BEKEs, town, Hungary, III. 511. BEICKER, Balthazar, Dutch theologian,

111.511; XII. 95.

_, or Wolfi, Elizabeth, Dutch

novelist, III. 511.

_, Immanuel, German philologist,

III. 511.

[graphic]

BEKR, tribe of Arabs, Mesopotamia, XVI. 48.

BEI., Assyrian deity, III. 175.

_, Matthias, Hungarian historian, III. 511.

BELA, town, Baluchistan, III. 511.

BELABANZA, town, Hungary, XXI. 393.

BELADIIoRI, Arab historian, XXIII. 3.

BELANDA Мим-Мим, Central African tribes, XVII. 473.

BEL AND TIIE DRAGON, History of, in Apocrypha, 11. 181.

BELASPOOR (Bilaspur), town, India, XIII. 823.

BELBEIs, town, Upper Egypt, III. 511.

BELCHEN, mountain, Black Forest, Germany, XXIV. 7oo.

BELCHER, Sir Edward, Arctic explorer, XIX. 321.

BELEBEI, town, Russia, XXIII. 717.

BELEMNITE, fossil rnollusc, XVI. 676.

BELESME, Robert of, Norman noble, XI. 656.

BELFAST, town, Ireland, III. 511; XIII. 237; library, XIV. 524; newspapers, XVII. 423; Queen’s College at, XXIII. 855.

_ LOUGII, Ireland, 111. 512.

BELFORT, town, France, III. 513; хш. 781.

BELFRY, in architecture, II. 461.

BELG/E, or Belgians, Gallic tribe, IX. 527; X. III.

BELGAM, or Belgaum, district, India, III. 513.

BELGIUM, III. 514; united to and separated from Holland, XII. 83; its relations to the papacy, VI. 242; academy of, I. 76; its army, II. 615; birds, XVIII. 17; coalfields, VI. 55; coins, XVII. 656; small farms, I. 412; forests, IX. 400; foundling hospitals, Ix. 483; irrigation works, XIII. 370; libraries, XIV. 531, 549; mines, XVI. 468; national debt, XVII. 246; newspapers, XVII. 43o; observatorios, XVII. 715; oyster culture, XVIII. 108; periodical literature, XVIII. 542; police system, XIX. 343; prison system, XIX. 758; railways, XX. 25o; Walloons, XXIV. 332

BELGRADE, town, Servia, III. 531; XXI. 688; battle of (1717), VIII. 661; treaty of (1739), XXIII. 647.

BELIIAVEN, Lord, on farming in East Lothian, Scotland, 1. 301.

Ввывг, III. 532; psychology of, XX. 83; in relation to theology, XXIII. 264; Jacobi’s theory of, XIII. 537.

BELINSKI, Russian critic, XXI. 108.

BELIsARIUs, Byzantine general, III. 535; XIII. 797; XVII. 233; XVIII.612; XX. 782; African campaign of, XXIV. 59; Procopius’s relations with, XIX. 789.

Вылив, Matthias, Hungarian historian, III. 511.

[graphic]

BELIZE, town, British Honduras, III. 536; XII. 132.

BELKNAP, Jeremy, American writer, III. 536.

BELI., and bell manufacture, III. 536; IV. 366; of Moscow (Tsar-Kolokol), XVI. 867 ; of Nara, Japan, XVII. 229.

_, Alexander Graham, on telephony', XXIII. 127, 128, 130.

_, Alexander Melville, his system of shorthand, XXI. 840; on visible speech, I. 608; VII. 9; XXII. 385.

_, Andrew, English educationist, III. 539; VII. 678; educational system of, XIV. 258.

_, Andrew, printer of first edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica, VIII. 200. _, Sir Charles, English anatomist, III. 54o; xv. 817; his Anatomy of Expression, I. 817; on physiognomy,

XIX. 5.

_, Currer, Ellis, and Acton (the sisters Bronte), IV. 365.

_, George Joseph, Scottish jurist, III. 542

_, Henry, Scottish mechanician, III. 542

_, Henry Glassford, Scottish writer, III. 542.

,John, American politician, XXIII. 772: 788

_, John, Scottish anatomist and surgeon, III. 543.

_, John, Scottish traveller, III. 542.

_, Patrick, inventor of reaping machine, I. 322.

_, Robert, editor of British poets, III. 543

BELLA, suburb, Nicastro, Italy, XVII. 480.

_, Stefano de la, Italian engraver, III. 543

BELLADoNNA, plant, III. 543; XVII. 231; as poison, XIX. 279.

_ OII., XVII. 744.

BELLAI, Guillaume du, French general and writer, III. 543.

BELLAMAR, Caves of, Cuba, XV. 624.

BELLAMV, Jacobus, Dutch poet,111. 543; XII. 96.

BELLARMINE, Robert F. R., cardinal, III. 544; his relations with Galileo, X. 32.

Вышку (Ballari), district and town, India, III. 286.

BELLAY, or Bellai, Guillaume du, French general and writer, III. 543. _, Joachim du, French poet, III. 544;

XX. 841.

BELL-BIRD, of New Zealand, XII. 139.

_, of Venezuela, XXIV. 139.

BELL-Cor, in architecture, II. 461.

BELLEAU, Rémy, French pastoral poet, III. 545; XVIII. 345; хх. 841.

BELLE-ISLE, Duke of, French marshal, IX. 586.

[graphic]

BELLE-ISLE, Marquis of (Nicolas Fouquet, qnt), French statesman, IX. 487.

BELLE-lsLE-EN-MER, island, west of France, III. 545.

BELLENDEN, John, Scottish poet, III. 545; XXI. 541; his translation of Bocce’s history, III. 85o.

_, William, French classical scholar, III. 545.

BELLENZ (Bellinzona, qnt), town, Switzerland, III. 548.

BELLEROPHON, in Greek legend, III. 546; XVIII. 468.

BELLES-LETTRES, Academies of, I. 73.

BELLEVILLE, town, Ontario, Canada., XVII. 775.

_, town, Illinois, U.S.A., III. 546.

BELLEV, town, France, III. 546.

BELLIGERENTS, in international law, XIII. 194.

BELLINGER, river, New South Wales, XVII. 408.

BELLINGHAM, Sir Edward, Viceroy of Ireland, XIII. 263.

_, John, assassin of Spencer Perceval, XVIII. 521.

BELLINI, Gentile, Italian painter, III. 547; XXI. 436; tutor of Titian, XXIII. 414.

_, Giovanni, Italian painter, III. 547; XXI. 436; tutor of Titian, XXIII. 414. _, Jacopo, Italian painter, III. 546;

xv. 501.

_, Lorenzo, Italian anatomist and physician, III. 548.

_, Vincenzo, Italian musical composer, III. 548; XVII. 99.

BELLINZONA, tovm, Switzerland, III. 548; XXII. 778; ххш. 351.

BELLMAN, Carl Mikael, Swedish poet, III. 549; XXII. 755.

BELL METAL, IV. 366.

BELLOIIIONT, Lord, English governor of New York, XVII. 455.

BELLONA, in Roman mythology, III. 549

BELLONIUS, Petrus (Belon, ум), French naturalist, III. 553; on birds, XVIII. 4.

BELLOT, Joseph René, French Arctic explorer, III. 549; XIX. 321.

BELLOVAcENsIs, Vincentius (Vincent of Beauvais), mediaeval encyclopœdist, VIII. 192; XXIV. 235.

BELLOVAcI, (запас tribe, XVIII. 286.

BELLovEsUs, founder of Milan, XVI. 292.

BELLows, III. 549; for organ, XVII. 836; for smelting ores, XVI. 60.

BELL-RINGING, III. 538.

BELL ROCK LIGHTHOUSE, on Scottish coast, XIV. 616.

BELIJs PALSV, disease, XVIII. 257.

BELLU/E, Linnœan order of Mammalia, xv. 421; XXIV. 805.

BELLUNO, town, Italy, III. 5 5 3.

_, Duke of (C. P. Victor), French marshal, XXIV. 213.

[graphic]

BELLY-FISH, in Java, XIII. 606.

BELMONTE, river, Brazil, Iv. 222.

BELON, Pierre, French naturalist, III. 553; on birds, XVIII. 4; on fishes, XII. 631.

BELONE, genus of fishes, X. 80.

BELOOCHISTAN (Baluchistan), country, Asia., III. 299.

BELPASSO, town, Sicily, III. 5 53.

BELPER, town, England, III. 5 5 3.

BELSHAM, Thomas, English Unitarian writer, III. 5 53.

_, William, English political writer, III. 5 5 3.

BELSHAZZAR, of Scripture, III. 188, 553.

BELT, mechanical connector, XV. 760.

_, Great and Little, straits, Denmark, III. 5 54.

BELTANE, or Beltein, Celtic festival, III. 554.

BELTIRs, race of people, Russia, XXI. 251.

BELUGA, cetacean mammal, XV. 398; XXIV. 525; XIX. 522.

BELUNUM (Belluno), ancient tomi, Italy, III. 553.

BELVACENSIS, Vincentius (Vincent of Beauvais), encyclopœdist, VIII. 192 ; XXIV. 235.

BELVEDERE, town, Italy, III. 5 54.

_ STATUE, of Apollo, II. 186.

BELZONI, Giovanni Battista, explorer of Egypt, III. 5 54.

BEM, Joseph, Polish general, XII. 372.

BEMA, in architecture, II. 461.

_, Manichœan festival, XV. 485.

BEMBA, lake, Central Africa, XXIV. 763.

BEMBO, Pietro, cardinal, III. 5 54.

BEMBRIDGE, town, Isle of Wight, England, XXIV. 562.

BENAcUs (Garda), lake, Italy, х. 75.

BENARES, division, district, and town, India, III. 554; XVII. 572; Ghoosla Шт, landing place at, II. 397.

BEN ATTOW, mountain, Scotland, хх. 854.

BENAVENTE, town, Spain, III. 556.

BENBECULA, island, Scotland, XI. 607.

BENEOw, John, English admiral, III. 5 56.

BENBULBIN, mountain, Ireland, XXII. I 59.

BENCH, legal term, III. 556.

BENcHERs, English lawyers, III. 556; XIII. 87.

BENCOOLEN, town, Sumatra, IIL 556; residency, XXII. 639.

BEND, in heraldry, XI. 695, 706.

_, seaman’s knot, XIV. 128; XXI. 590.

BENDALL, Cecil, on Nepalese chronology, XVII. 344.

впитав, town, Russia, III. 557; Charles XII.’s residence at, V. 421.

BENDER-ABBASI (Bandar Abbas), town, Persia, III. 557; XVIII. 620, 627.

BENDER EREGLI, town, Asiatic Turkey, XI. 681.

BENDING MOMENT, in beams, IV. 290.

[graphic]

BEND­I­NUH (Noah’s Hill), mountain, каштан, XIV. 156.

BENEDEK, Ludwig von, Austrian general, III. 140.

BENEDICT, St, founder of order of monks, III. 557; I. 11; XVI. 703; his monastic rule, XVI. 704.

_ I.-IV., popes, III. 558.

_ V., pope, III. 558; XIX. 497; хх. 789.

_ VI., pope, III. 558; XX. 789.

_ VII., pope, III. 558.

_ VIII., pope, III. 558; хх. 790.

_ IX., pope, III. 558; state of Rome under, XX. 790.

_ X., pope, III. 558; XVII. 484.

_ XI., pope, III. 558.

_ XII., pope, III. 558; XX. 799.

_ XIII., pope, III. 558; XX. 803.

_XlV., pope, III. 559; XIX. 507; his opposition to the Jesuits, XIII. 654.

BENEDICTINE MONAsTERIEs, I. II.

BENEDICTINES, or Benedictine order of monks, III. 558; XVI. 704; in England, VIII. 372; their libraries, XIV. 513.

BENEDICTIONAL, church service book, XIV. 710.

BENEDICTUS LEVITA, his collection of church laws, V. I7.

BENEE'­HASAN, Egypt, Sepulchral grottoes at, VII. 774.

BENEE-SUWEVF, town, Egypt, 774­

BENEFICE, Ecclesiastical, III. 559; origin of the system, IX. 121; right of presentation to, l. 179; XX. 158; simony in regard to, XXII. 85; vicarial, XXIV. 209; dilapidations of, VII. 239.

BENEFIT OF CLERGV, in law, V. 827; VIII. 372.

BENEKE, Friedrich Eduard, German philosopher, III. 560.

BENEVENTO, town, Italy, III. 561.

_, Prince of (Talleyrand), French statesman, XXIII. 29.

Вши/витым (Benevento), ancient town, Italy, III. 561; XXI. 249; battle 0f (275). хх- 744.

BENEVOLENCE, in phrenology, XVIII. 845.

_, Universal, Cumberland’s theory of. VI. 702.

BENEVOLENCES, enforced loans, IX. 177,

BENFEY, Theodor, German philologist, XVIII. 781; XIII. 682.

BENGAL, 1ieutenant-governorship, India, III. 562; early British connexion with, X11. 799; army of, II. 590

BENGALEE ERA, V. 719. Ä

BENGALI LANGUAGE, Dïmonarieß 0fY VII. 190.

VII.

BENGAL LIGHT, in pyrotechny, „L

136. Вином/Ан, river, Java, XIII. 601_

BENGAzI, town, North Africa, III. 571; XXIII. 575.

BENGEL, John Albert, German Biblical scholar, III. 571.

BEN GERSON, Levi, Jewish philosopher, X. 5 5o.

BENGHAzI, town, Tripoli, Africa, III. 571; XXIII. 575.

BENGUELA, country, West Africa, III. 572

BENIIADAD, king of Damascus, XIII. 406.

BEN HOPE, mountain, Scotland, XXII. 726.

BENI, department, Bolivia, IV. Io.

BENIcARLo, town, Spain, III. 572.

BENI ISRAEL, Jewish settlement, Bornv bay, XIII. 685.

BENIN, country, West Africa, III. 572.

BENINCASA, Catherine (St Catherine of Siena), v. 229; XXII. 43.

BENJAMIN, of Scripture, III. 573.

_ of Tudela, Jewish rabbi, III. 573»

BEN KLIBRECK, mountain, Scotland, XXII. 726.

BENKULEN (Bencoolen), town, Sumatra, III. 556; XXII. 639.

BEN LAWERS, mountain, Scotland,
XVIII. 666.
BEN LoIIIoND, mountain, Scotland,
XXII. 553.
BEN LOMOND, mountain, Tasmania,
XXIII. 73.

BEN MORE, mountain, Scotland, XVIII. 666.

BENMORE ASSYNT, mountain, Scotland, XXII. 726.

BEN MUICHDI-IUI, mountain, Scotland, I. 43.

BENNET, Henry, earl of Arlington, English statesman, III. 573.

BENNET's ELEcTRoscorE, VIII. 118.

BENNETT, James Gordon, American journalist, Ill. 574; XVII. 434.

, John Hughes, English physio

logist, III. 574. , Sir William Sterndale, English musical composer, III. 574; XVII. 97. BENNEVILLE, George de, American Universalist, XXIII. 831.

BEN NEvIs, mountain, Scotland, XIII. 199.

BENNINGTON, town, Vermont, U.S.A., XXIV. 167.

BENNU, Egyptian phœnix, XVIII. 811.

BEN NUT, XVII. 664; oil of, XVII. 744.

BENoîT DE SAINTE-MORE, French writer, XIII. 499; XX. 638.

BENozzo GozzoLI, Italian painter, IX.

773; XI. 24; XXI. 435. BENSERADE, Isaac de, French poet, III.

S75

BEN SLIOCH, mountain, Scotland, XX. 854.

BENSON, George, English divine, III. 575

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

BENTENG, town, Indian Archipelago, XXI. 210.

BENTHAM, George, on plant classification, IV. 81.

, Jeremy, English writer on politics and jurisprudence, III. 575; on codification of law, VI. 106; his ethical system, VIII. 606; on prison discipline, XIX. 748 ; promoter of savings banks, XXI. 327; on Smith’sWealth of Nations, XIX. 370; his relations with Dumont, VII. 529.

BEN'rINcK, William, first earl of Portland, English diplomatist, XIX. 5 3o. _, Lord William, governor-general of

India, XII. 806.

_, Lord William George F. C., English statesman, III. 577.

_, William H. C., third duke of Portland, English statesman, XIX. 530.

BENTIVOGLIO, Giovanni, Bolognese statesman, III. 577.

_, Guido, cardinal, III. 577.

BENTLEY, Richard, English scholar, III. 578; on the Esopian fables, III. 181; his controversies with Conyers Middleton, хш. 282; on the Letters of Phalaris, XVIII. 73o.

BENTON, Thomas Hart, American politician, XXIII. 764, 788.

BENUA, race of people, Malay Peninsula, XV. 323.

BENUE, river, Africa, I. 253; XVII. 496.

BENVOGLIENTI, Ulberto, Sienese historían, XXII. 43.

BEN VoIRLIcII, mountain, Scotland, XVIII. 666.

BEN ‘Ли/15, mountain, Scotland, XX. 854.

BEN Y GLOE, mountain, Scotland, XVIII. 666.

BENZENE, in chemistry, XXIII. 59 ; v. 560.

BENzER'r (Bizerta), town, Tunis, Africa, III. 794; XXIII. 620.

BENzoIc ACID, in chemistry, III. 58o.

BENzoIN, gum, III. 581; XXII. 639; as incense, XII. 718.

BENzoI., in chemistry, XXIII. 59; XVIII. 2 37.

BENzoVI., in chemistry, XXIV. 626.

BEowULF, Anglo-Saxon poem, VIII. 403, 404; XX. 657.

BÉRANGER, Jean Pierre, Swiss historian, XXII. 799.

_, Pierre Jean de, French poet, III. 581; IX. 675.

BERAPI, mountain, Sumatra, XXII. 638.

BERAR, province, India, III. 582.

BÉRARD, Frédéric, French physician,
III. 584.

BERARDI,
XVII. 87.

BERARDIUS, genus of Cetacea, Xv. 397.

BERAUNA, tribe, Fezzan, Africa, IX. 130.

BERAUNITE, mineral, хп. 405.

[graphic]

Angelo, Italian musician,

[graphic]

BERBER, town, Egypt, III. 584; XVII 507.

BERBERA, town, Eastern Africa, III. 584.

BERBERINES, people, Nubia, I. 260.

BERBER LANGUAGE, XVIII. 778; its relation to Semitic, хх1. 643; dictionaries of, VII. 192.

BERBERS, people, North Africa, I. 261; XXI. 151; хш. 814; XXII. 278; of Algeria, I. 564; of Morocco, XVI. 834; in Spain, XXII. 310; of Tunis, XXIII. 620.

BERBICE, county, British Guiana, XI. 249; river, XI. 2 5o.

BERCEO, Gonzalo de, Spanish poet, X. 773; XXII» 353

BERCHEM, or Berghem,
Dutch painter, III. 584.

BERCHORIUS, Petrus, French Biblical encyclopœdist, VIII. 193.

BERCIITESGADEN, or Berchtolsgaden, town, Bavaria., III. 584.

BERDIANSX, town, Russia, III. 584; XXIII. 83.

BERDICHEFF, town, Russian Poland, III. 585.

BERDYANSX (Bexdiansk), town, Russia, III. 584; XXIII. 83.

BERE, cereal, III. 376; culture of, I. 359.

BEREA (Вен-110211), ancient town, Macedonia, XV. 137.

BEREANS, or Barclayites, Scottish sect, III. 369.

BEREXE KIIAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 746.

BERENGAR l., Ill., IV., counts of Сага— lonia, XXII. 311.

——- II., king of Italy, X. 483; XIII. 468; XX. 788.

BERENGARIA, wife of Richard Coeur de Lion, king of England, XX. 54o.

BERENGARIUS, of Tours, theologian and scholastic philosopher, III. 585; XXI. 421; his connexion with Lanfranc, XIV. 283.

BERENGELITE, mineral, XVI. 428.

BERENGER, James, of Carpi, Italian anatomist, I. 806. '

BERENICE, daughter of Agrippa I. of Judœa, III. 586; her relations with Titus, XXIII. 420.

_, wife of Ptolemy Euergetes of Egypt, III. 586.

­ _, town, Red Sea, III. 586.

BÉRÉNICE, Racinds drama, хх. 206.

BERESFORD, Marshal, English envoy in Portugal, XIX. 551.

BEREZINA, river, Russia, III. 586; XXIV. 233.

BEREzorr,to\vn, Siberia, III. 587; XXIII. 430.

BERG, duchy, Germany, III. 587.

BERGAMO, town, Asia Minor, XVIII. 528.

_, province, Italy, 111. 587.

—‚ town, Italy, III. 587; church of Sta MaI-ia Maggiore at, II. 456; pictures in, XXI. 447.

Nicholas,

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