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III. 310.

VI 403.

BALTIMORE, Lord, governor of New- | BANDA NIAM-NIAM, Central African BANKING, III. 315; communistic views foundland, IV. 713; XVII. 385; his tribes, XVII. 473.

of, vi. 214; in United States, XXIII. settlement of Maryland, xv. 605; his BANDA ORIENTAL (Uruguay), country, 766, 776. relations with Penn, XVIII. 495.

South America, xxiv. 14; invasion BANKIVA JUNGLE FOWL, XIX. 644. BALTIMORITE, mineral, XVI. 414.

of, by Brazil, 11. 491.

BANK OF ENGLAND, III. 316, 329; BALUCHES, race of people, Asia, 1. 235; BANDAR-ABBAS (Bender Abbasi), town, founding of, XI. 386; XVIII. 359; its III. 303 Persia, III. 557; XVIII. 620, 627.

relations with the Mint, XVI. 485. BALUCHISTAN, country, Asia, III. 299. BANDELLO, Matteo, Italian novelist, BANK OF FRANCE, origin of, xiv. 367. BALUE, Jean, French cardinal, III. 303. III. 310; XIII. 510.

BANKRUPTCY, in law, 111. 341. BALUSAN, volcano, Philippines, xvIII. BANDE NERE, Giovanni delle (Medici), BANKS, of Newfoundland, xvII. 382. 749. XV. 787.

Sir Joseph, president of the Royal BALUZE, Étienne, French scholar, 11. BANDERESI, mediæval Roman officials, Society, III. 345; XXI. 39; his patron304. XX. 802.

age of Robert Brown, iv. 386. BALZAC, Honoré de, French novelist, BANDICOOT, marsupial mam

ammal, Aus

Savings, XXI. 327. III. 304; IX. 679. tralia, III. III; XV. 381.

ISLANDS, Melanesia, Pacific Ocean, Jean Louis Guez de, French writer, Great, rodent mammal, India, XII. XV. 835; XVII. 396. III. 305; IX. 659. 743; XVII. 5.

OF ISSUE, III. 315. BAM, town, Persia, xvIII. 627, 628. BANDINELLI, Bartolommeo, Italian BANKURA, district and town, India, III. BAMBA, province of Congo, Africa, III. sculptor, III. 310.

346. 305.

BANDINI, Angelo Maria, Italian writer, BANMO (Bhamo), town, Burmah, 111. , town, Niger, Africa, XVII. 500.

627. BAMBARA, people, Senegambia, XXI. Salustio Antonio, Italian economist, BANN, river, Ireland, III. 346. 662.

XIX. 362; XXII. 43.

BANNACKS, American Indians, XII. 832. BAMBARRA, country and town, Soudan, BAND OF HOPE SOCIETIES (Temper- BANNATYNE, George, early Scottish Africa, iii. 305; 1. 271; XXII. 279. ance), XXIII. 159.

writer, XXI. 542. BAMBERG, town, Bavaria, III. 305; BANDOL, town, France, xxiv. 69. BANNER, of knight, XIV. 117; military,

sculptures in cathedral, xxi. 564; uni- BANDON, town, Ireland, III. 311; river, IX. 276. versity, XXIII. 846.

BANNERET, Knight, grade of knighthood, BAMBOROUGH, village, England, III. BANDRA, town, India, XXIII. 221.

III. 346; XIV, 117, 119. 306.

BANDUNG, town, Java, XIII. 606. BANNOCKBURN, town, Scotland, III. BAMBOO, plant, III. 305; XI. 54; its use BANFF, town, Scotland, 111. 311.

347; XXII. 554; battle of (1314), VII. in wicker-work, III. 423.

BANFFSHIRE, county, Scotland, III. 311; 683; VIII. 313; XX. 594; XXI. 488. BAMBOUK, country, West Africa, iii. area and population, XXI. 528; repre. BANNOVALLUM (Horncastle), Roman 306. sentation, XXIII. 727.

fort, Lincolnshire, England, XII. 170. BAMIAN, ancient town, Afghanistan, 111. BANG, Stephensen, Norse writer, XVII.

BANG, Stephensen, Norse writer, xvII. BANNS, Marriage, xv. 566. 307; caves of, 1. 244.

589.

BANNU, district, India, xx. 109. BAM-I-DUNIA, plateau, Central Asia, BANGALORE, town, India, III. 313; BANQUETERS, The, comedy of AristoXVIII. 102. XVII. 123.

phanes, II. 509. BAMLITE, mineral, xvi. 408.

BANGKA (Banca, q.v.), island, Indian BANQUETS, sacrificial, XXI. 134. BAMPTON, John, English divine, founder Archipelago, III. 308.

BANQUETTE, in fortification, IX. 421. of Bampton Lectures, III. 307.

BANGKALANG, town, Madura, Indian BANSHEE, of fairy mythology, V. 300. BAMPUR, town, Persia, XVIII. 627.

Archipelago, XV. 193.

BANSWARA, tributary state, India, III. BANANA, plant and fruit, 111. 307; XIX. BANGKOK, town, Siam, ill. 313; XXI.

347; XX. 260. 176; introduction of, into Polynesia, 852.

BANTAM, residency, Java, XIII. 605; BANGOR, town, Ireland, 111. 314.

town, Ill. 347. town, Loango, Africa, XIV. 743. town, Maine, U.S.A., III. 314.

Fowls, poultry, xix. 646. BANAS, river, Rajputana, India, xx. town, Wales, III. 314; University BANTING, William, on corpulence, vi. 260; XXII. 98. College at, XXIII. 856.

436. BANASA, town, Mauretania, Africa, xv. BANGORIAN CONTROVERSY, VI. 328; BANTRY, town, Ireland, 111. 347. 637.

BANTU, groups of Negroes, XII. 312; BANAT, district, Hungary, III. 308; XVI. BANGWEOLO, Lake, Central Africa, i. XVII. 319; XXII. 729; languages, XII. 295.

248; xxiv. 763; discovery of, by 820; XVII. 318; XVIII. 780; XXII. 729; BANAZ OVA, plateau, Asia Minor, xvIII. Livingstone, XIV. 722.

XXIV. 827. 853.

BANIALUKA, town, Turkey, III. 314. BANU, district, India, III. 347. BANBRIDGE, town, Ireland, 111. 308. BANIANA (Baena), ancient town, Spain, NADIR, Jewish family in Medina, BANBURY, town, England, ill. 308.

229.

XVI. 556. BANCA, island, Indian Archipelago, III. BANIER, Abbé, on mythology, xvII. 137. BANVILLE, Théodore de, French critic,

308; birds of, 111. 763; tin, XVI. 469. BANIM, John and Michael, Irish novelists, XIV. 206. BANCROFT, George, American historian,

BANYAK ISLANDS, Sumatra, XXII. 639. BANJARMASSIN, district and town, BANYAN, tree, III. 348; IV. 94. Richard, archbishop of Canterbury, Borneo, III. 315; river, iv. 56.

BANYANS, race, Mozambique, XVII. 7. III. 308. BANK AND BANKING, III. 315.

BANYUMAS, town, Java, XIII. 606. BAND, in architecture, II. 460.

BANKA (Banca, q.v.), island, Indian BANYUWANGI, town, Java, xull. 606. BANDA, district, India, 111. 309.

Archipelago, III. 308.

BAOBAB, tree, I. 268; IX. 408; XXI. 662; ISLANDS, Indian Archipelago, III. BANK CLEARING HOUSE, London, 1. 91. XXII. 278. 309; nutmegs of, xvII. 666.

BANKEN VELD, district of Transvaal, BAPHOMET, alleged symbol of Knights BAND AMIR, river, Persia, XXI. 829. South Africa, XXIII. 518.

Templars, III. 348.

XIX. 419.

XII. 29.

III. 314.

1. 723.

2II.

DE

BAPTISM, Christian sacrament, III. 348; | BARBARELLA, Giorgio (Giorgione), | BARCHESTER TOWERS, Anthony TrolXXI. 131, 139; Luther's views on, xv. Italian painter, X. 607.

lope's novel, xxIII. 585. 78; St Paul's doctrine, xvIII. 428; BARBARIAN, origin of the name, III. BARCLAY, Alexander, English poet, III. Quaker doctrine, xx. 150; registra 463.

368; XVIII. 345. tion of, xx. 343; sponsors at, XXII. LAWS, Teutonic codes, XXI. 212.

David, Scottish Quaker, XX. 152. 429.

BARBARO, Venetian envoy to Persia, John, author of Argenis, III. 369. BAPTIST, John the, XIII. 709. XVIII. 633.

John, founder of a Scottish sect, BAPTISTERY, chapel for baptism, ill. BARBAROSSA, Aruch and Khair ed-Din, III. 369. 352; IX. 361; in the Catacombs, v. Turkish corsairs, 111. 362; 1. 565; XXI. John, Scottish anatomist, III. 369. 621, 643.

J. G., his observatory at Leyton, BAPTISTS, religious denomination, ill. (Frederick I.), emperor, IX. 729; X. Essex, England, xvII. 711. 353.

489; XIII. 374; his struggle with Robert, Scottish Quaker and writer, Freewill, in America, ix. 762. Adrian IV., 1. 165; his homage to III. 369; XVIII. 496; XX. 148. BAQUEROS, nomadic clan, Asturias, II. Alexander III., 1. 487; in Italy, XIII. William, Scottish jurist, III. 370; 824. 472; his patronage of Bologna uni

XXI. 543 BAR, at mouth of a river, X. 277; XX. versity, xxIII. 833.

TOLLY, Michael,

Russian 575.

BARBARY, country, North Africa, ill. general, 111. 370; XVII. 217. town, Russian Poland, III. 356; 363; 1. 265.

BAR-COCHEBAS, Jewish leader, III. 370; confederation of (1768), XIX. 297. BARBASTELLE BAT, XV. 410.

XIII. 428. The legal, Costumes of, vi. 476. BARBASTRO, town, Spain, III. 363. BARD, ancient Celtic poet, III. 370; V. BARA, tribe, Madagascar, xv. 171. BARBAULD, Anna Letitia, English 318. See Bards. BARABA, steppe, Siberia, XXIII. 429. writer, III. 363.

BARDANES, Byzantine general, XVII. BARA BANKI, district, India, III. 357. BARBEL, fish, XII. 692; angling for, 11. 481. BARABA TARTARS, Ural-Altaic tribe, 42; Indian, xv. 285.

PHILIPPICUS, emperor of the East, XXIII. 70. BARBER, III. 363.

XIII. 798; XVIII. 748. BARA-BUDUR, Temple of, Java, xiii. BARBERI, races of riderless horses, at BARDAS, Cæsar, regent of Constantinople, 609. Rome, V. 124.

XVIII. 819. BARADA, river, Damascus, Vi. 790.

Philip de, inquisitor, XIII. 93. BAR-DEISAN (Bardesanes), Gnostic and BARADÆUS, Jacobus, Syrian monk, BARBERINI, Italian family, III. 363. Syriac writer, III. 370; X. 703; XXII.

founder of the Jacobite sect, VI. 354; Maffeo (Pope Urban VIII.), III. 827; XXIV. 38. XIII. 539; XXII. 832.

363; XXIV. 9.

BARDEN TOWER, Yorkshire, England, BARADLA, stalactite grotto, Hungary, 1. BARBERINO, Francesco da, Italian writer, XXIV. 749. 420.

XIII. 501.

BARDESANES, Gnostic and Syriac writer, BARAHAT, town, India, Ill. 357. BARBER OF SEVILLE, Rossini's opera, III. 370; X. 703; XXII. 827; his relaBARAK, river, India, XV. 489.

XX. 861.

tions to Valentinianism, XXIV. 38. BARAKHATTA, town, India, XX. 272. BARBERTON, town, Transvaal, Africa, BARDIA, island, Malay Peninsula, xv. BARAKISH, Minan town, Arabia, xxiv. XXIII. 518.

321. 740. BARBET, bird, xx. 101.

BARDIGLIO, kind of Italian marble, xv. BAR ALI, Syriac lexicographer, XXII. BARBETS (Camisards), Huguenot sect, 528. 847.

BARDILI, Christoph Gottfried, German BARAMAHAL, tract in Salem district, BARBETTE, in fortification, 1x. 432. metaphysician, III. 371. India, XXI. 210.

WAR-SHIPS, XVII. 286.

BARDO, town, Tunis, xxIII. 622. BARAMGALI, fort, Kashmir, xiv. II. BARBEYRAC, Jean, French jurist, 111. BARDS, III. 370; early British, 11. 650; BARAMINDANA, prince of Mandingo, 363.

early Irish, XIII. 250; Welsh, v. 318; Africa, XV. 475. BARBIERE DI SIVIGLIA, Rossini's opera,

VII. 791. BARANGAR, town, India, XXIII. 673. XX. 861.

BARDSEY, island, Wales, III. 371. BARANTE, Amable G. P., French states- BARBIERI, Giovanni Francesco (Guer- BARDULUM (Barletta), ancient town, man and historian, III. 357. cino), Italian painter, III. 364.

Italy, III. 376. BARANYA, province, Hungary, III. 357. Paolo Antonio, Italian painter, 111. BARDWAN, district and town, India, III. BARANZANO, Jean Antoine, Italian 364.

371. scientist, III. 358.

BARBO, Pietro (Pope Paul II.), xvII. BARDYLIS, Illyrian chief, XII. 709. BARASAT, town, India, 111. 358; XXIII. 430.

BARÉGES, town, France, 372; 673 BARBOSA DU BOCAGE, Portuguese poet,

mineral water of, XVI. 435. BARAT, Tibetan festive exhibition, xiv.

BAREILLY, district and town, India, III. 501.

BARBOUR, John, Scottish poet, III. 364; 372. BARATIÈRE, John Philip, precocious

VIII. 395.

BARELI, or Bareilly, district and town, scholar, III. 358.

BARBUDA, island, West Indies, III. India, III. 372. BARATYNSKI, Jewgenij Abramovitch, 366.

BARENTS, William, Dutch navigator, Russian poet, III. 358.

BARCA (El-Medinah), ancient town, X. 184; XIX. 317. BARBA, district, Central Africa, IV. 54. Cyrenaica, North Africa, III. 366.

LAND, island, Spitzbergen, xxII. BARBACENA, town, Brazil, 111. 358.

district, North Africa, 11. 366; 408. BARBADOS, island, West Indies, III. 358; XXIII. 574.

SEA, Arctic Occan, XVII. 592, XXIV. 510.

BARCELONA, province, Spain, XXII. 298. 604. - LEG, or Elephantiasis, disease, VIII. town, Spain, iii. 366; XXII. 298; | BARÈRE DE VIEUZAC Bertrand, 126.

libraries of, xiv. 549; siege of (1705), French Revolutionist, 111. 373. BAR BAHLUL, Syriac lexicographer, XVIII. 701.

BARETTI, Giuseppe, Italian critic, iii. XXII. 849.

County of, Spain, XXII. 311.

374; XIII. 512.

IV. 743

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XIX. 557

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418.

BARETTIER (Baratière), John Philip, | BARLOW, Peter, English mathematician, , BARONIUS, Cæsar, church historian, 111. precocious scholar, III. 358.

III. 377; on magnetic induction, xv. 389; V. 765; his Ecclesiastical Annals, BARFF, John, on wool, 1. 398. 250.

1. 785; XIX. 505. BARFLEUR, town, France, III. 374. BARM, yeast, XXIV. 734.

BARONS' WAR, in England, viii. 311; BARFURUSH, or Balfroosh, town, Persia, BARMAK, founder of the Barmecides, III. XI. 659. III. 280.

377.

BARONY, Burghs of, in Scotland, iv. 63. BARGAGLI, Scipione, Sienese writer, BARMECIDES, Persian family, III. 377; BAROSSA, town, South Australia, XXII. XXII. 43. XVI. 581.

284. BARGE, boat, XXI. 30.

BARMEN, town, Rhenish Prussia, III. BAROZZI, or Barocchio, Giacomo da BOARD, in architecture, II. 475. 377; XX. 16.

Vignola, Italian architect, III. 380. BARGES, lighthouse, Sables d'Olonne, BARMOUTH, town, Wales, XVI. 39. BARQUISIMETO, town, Venezuela, III. France, XXI. 129.

BARNABAS, St Paul's companion, ill. 389; XXIV. 140. BARGUERLAC, bird, XXI. 259.

377; XVIII. 417.

BARR, town, Alsace, Germany, III. 390. BARGUZIN, river, Transbaikalia, Russia, Epistle of, early Christian work, 11. , town, India, xvIII. 409.

XXIII. 510; town, XXIII. 511; moun 197; its relation to the Gospels, x. BARRA, island, Hebrides, Scotland, 11. tains, XXII. 3; XXIII. 509. 815.

390; XI. 607. BARH, town, India, XVIII. 409. BARNABITE MONKS, XVI. 711.

BARRACKPUR, subdivision and town, BARHAM, Richard Harris, English BARNABY RUDGE, Dickens's novel, vii. India, Ill. 390. humorist, III. 374.

176.

BARRACKS, for soldiers, III. 390; of the BAR-HEBRÆUS (Abulfaragius), Syriac BARNACLES, their distribution, VII. 279. British army, II. 587; ventilation of,

and Arabic writer, 1. 60; XXII. 853; BARNARD, Henry, American educa XXIV. 160. XXIII. 5.

tionist, VII. 679.

BARRAL, aeronaut, 1. 195. BARI, Mola di, town, Italy, XVI. 608.

CASTLE, town, England, III. 378. BARRANCAS, valleys, Spain, XXII. 294. Terra di, province and town, BARNAUL, town, Siberia, 111. 378; XXII. BARRANDE, Joachim, his theory of fossil Italy, III. 374. II; XXIII. 439.

colonies, X. 323. BARI DOAB, tract, Punjab, India, xx. BARNAVE, Antoine Pierre, French BARRAS, Comte de, French Revolu107. orator, III. 378.

tionist, III. 392. BAR-IDTA, Syriac writer, XXII. 838. BARNES, Albert, American expositor, III. BARREL-MAKING, VI. 338. BARINAS, town, Venezuela, XXIV. 140. 379.

BARREL ORGAN, XVII. 106. BARISAL, town, India, III. 248.

Joshua, English scholar, III. 379. BARRERE, Pierre, on birds, XVIII. 5. BARISAN MOUNTAINS, Sumatra, XXII. Thomas, English journalist, XVII. BARRETT, Elizabeth (Mrs Browning), 638.

English poetess, IV. 391. BARISANOS, Italian metal-worker, XVI. William, Dorset poems of, VII. 372. George, his annuity tables, 11. 81. 760.

BARNET, town, England, 111. 379. BARRHEAD, town, Scotland, 111. 392. BARITO, river, Borneo, IV. 56.

BARNEVELDT, Jan van Olden, Dutch BARRI, Girald de (Giraldus Cambrensis), BARIUM, ch ical element, v. 525. statesman, III. 379; XII. 77.

ecclesiastic and historian, III. 392. (Bari), ancient town, Italy, III. 375. BARNFIELD, Richard, English pastoral BARRIER Act, of the Scottish Church BARK, of trees, IV. 101; used in tanning, poet, XVIII. 347.

(1639), xix. 682. XIV. 381.

BARNSLEY, town, England, III. 380; BARRIER REEFS, X. 257; VI. 378. BARKAYA, Simeon, Syriac writer, XXII. XXIV. 748.

BARRINGTON, First Viscount, they838.

BARNSTABLE, town, Massachusetts, logian, Ill. 393. BARKER, Robert, inventor of panoramas, U.S.A., III. 380.

Second Viscount, III. 393. XVIII. 214.

BARNSTAPLE, town, England, III. 380. Hon. Daines, naturalist, III. 393. Thomas, English writer on angling, BARNUEVO, Pedro de Peralta y, Peru Samuel, English admiral, ill. 394. XXIV. 342. vian writer, xvIII. 675.

Shute, bishop of Durham, 111. 394. BARKHANS, sand-dunes, Syr-Daria, BARNWELL CASTLE, Northampton, BARRISTERS, English legal pleaders, Asia, xxII. 820. England, XVII. 557.

III. 394; XIII. 87. BARKING, town, England, 111. 375. BAROCCHIO, Giacomo da Vignola, BARROCOE, settlement, West Africa, BARKIYAROK, Seljuk ruler, XXI. 635. Italian architect, III. 380.

X. 755. BARKOMETER, hydrometer for tan BAROCCI, or Baroccio, Federigo, Italian BARRON'S LOCK, XIV. 744. liquors, xiv. 383.

painter, 111. 380.

BARROS, João de Portuguese historian, BARLAAM, monk, condemns Hesychasm BARODA, town, India, 111. 380.

III. 395; XIX. 557. in Greek Church, XI. 782.

BAROLO, Marchesa di, Italian prison BARROW, river, Ireland, XIII. 216; XX. — AND JOSAPHAT, Sts, Story of, 111. reformer, XVIII. 478.

171. 375; XX. 636.

BAROLUM (Barletta)ancient town, Isaac, English mathematician and BAR-LE-Duc, town, France, Ill. 356. Italy, III. 376.

divine, III. 396; on differential BARLETTA, town, Italy, III. 376. BAROMETER, III. 381; invention of, by calculus, XIII. 7. BARLEY, cereal plant, 111. 376; use of, in Torricelli, xxIII. 453; applications of, Sir John, English writer and

brewing, IV. 266; culture of, 1. 358; XIX. 241; Pascal's experiments with, administrator, III. 396; advocate of experiments in manuring, xv. 507. XVIII. 338.

northern exploration, xix. 319; his SUGAR, confection, VI. 257. BAROMETRIC PRESSURE, Oscillations comparison of Chinese and Peruvians, BAR-LINEs, in music, xvII. 82.

of, iii. 30; XVI. 121.

1. 698. BARLINGS OXNEY, abbey, Lincolnshire, BARON, title of nobility, III. 387; XVIII. Reuben, on Hindu algebra, I. 517. England, xiv. 656.

462, 464.

BARROWE, Henry, English Independent, BARLOW, Sir George, governor-general BARONET, title of nobility, III. 388;

XII. 724. of India, xii. 805.

BARROW-IN-FURNESS, town, England, Joel, American poet, III. 377.

OF NOVA SCOTIA, XVII. 603.

III. 395.

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XIV. 120.

XII. 590.

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IX. 593.

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XXI. 19.

356.

III. 423

BARROWS, sepulchral mounds, III. 397; | BARTON, Benjamin Smith, American | BASIL SHUISKI, Russian revolutionist, in ancient America, I. 692. naturalist, III. 404; on birds, XVIII. 9.

XXI. 95. BARROW'S STRAITS, Polar Sea, III. 399. Elizabeth (Maid of Kent), re BASILEUS, title of Greek archon, 11. 476. BARRULE, North and South, mountains, ligious enthusiast, III. 404; 1. 33. BASILIA (Basel), ancient town, SwitzerIsle of Man, XV. 450.

William, his version of the Psalms, land, 111. 408. BARRY, Sir Charles, English architect,

BASILICA, Greek code of laws, III. 419; III. 399.

BARTRAM, W., on American birds, XVIII. Dorotheus's scholia on, VII. 369. James, Irish painter, III. 399. 9.

BASILICAS, in architecture, 111. 412; Madame du, mistress of Louis XV., BARTSCH, Karl, on the Nibelungenlied, II. 421; of Italy, 11. 434; Roman, xx. XVII. 476.

816, 823CORNWALL (B. W. Procter), BARUCH, of Scripture, III. 404.

BASILICATA, province, Italy, III. 420. English poet, xix. 792.

Apocalypse of, 11. 179; XVI. 315. BASILICON DORON, book by James VI. BARS, county, Hungary, III. 400.

Book of, in Apocrypha, III. 404; of Scotland, XIII. 558; XXI. 509. River, Formation of, X. 277; XX. II. 181.

BASILICUS, Jacob, Moldavian pretender, 575.

BARUNG, Nusa, island, Java, XIII. 600. BAR SAROSHWAI, Syriac Biblical critic, BARWON, river, Australia, XXIV. 216. BASILIDES, Gnostic teacher, III. 420; X. XXII. 849. BARWOOD, red dye, VII. 576.

703; his connexion with NeoplatonBARSAUMA, Syriac writer, xxII. 830, BARYTA, or Barytes, oxide of barium, ism, XVII. 335. 831.

III. 406; in glass manufacture, X. 664. BASILISK, fabulous animal, III. 421; VI. BARSI, town, India, XXI. 832.

Mica, mineral, XVI. 413.

98. BARSOVITE, mineral, XVI. 420.

WHITE, pigment, xix. 86.

BASILIUS (Basil I.), emperor of the East, BAR-SUR-AUBE, town, France, III. 356. BARYTE, mineral, xvi. 400.

XI. 116; his code of law, III. 419. BAR-SUR-ORNAIN, town, France, II. BARYTO-CALCITE, mineral, XVI. 398. BASINGSTOKE, town, England, III. 421.

BARYTO-CELESTINE, mineral, XVI. 400. BASKERVILLE, John, English printer, BAR-SUR-SEINE, town, France, III. 357. BASALT, variety of rocks, X. 235.

III. 421.
BART, or Barth, Jean, French admiral, BASCINET, headpiece, XI. 637.

BASKET, III. 421.
III. 401.
BASE, in architecture, 11. 460.

BASKING-SHARK, XXI. 777; XII. 646. BARTAN, town, Asiatic Turkey, III. 401. in chemistry, V. 477, 486.

BASLE (Basel, q.v.), canton and town, BARTANG, river, Turkestan, xvIII. 103. BALL, game, III. 406.

Switzerland, III. 408. BARTAS, Guillaume de Salluste du, BASEDOW, Johann Bernhard, German BASMANOFF, Russian general, XXI. 94. French poet, III. 401.

educationist, III. 407; VII. 676. BASNAGE, Jacques, Protestant pastor, BARTFELD, or Bartfa, town, Hungary, BASEL (Bâle, or Basle), canton, SwitzerIII. 401.

land, 11. 408; XXII. 778, 791.

BASODINE, mountain, Switzerland, xxIII. BARTH, Heinrich, African explorer, III. town, Switzerland, xxII. 778, 789; 351. 401; I. 247

council of (1431-43), III. 409; XIX. BASOMMATOPHORA, suborder of MolJean, French admiral, ini. 401. 502; XX. 320; treaty of (1795), I. 471; lusca, XVI. 660. BARTHÉLEMY, Auguste Marseille, libraries, xiv. 548; university, XXIII. | BASQUE PROVINCES, Spain, III. 423; French writer, III. 401, 842, 851.

XXII. 298. Jean Jacques, French writer, III. CONFESSION (1531), xv. 83. BASQUES, European race, XII. 605; their 401.

BASE LINE, Measurement of, in survey. language, 111. 424; XVIII. 780; dictionBARTHEZ, or Barthés, Paul Joseph, ing, X. 163; XXII. 696, 704.

aries of the language, VII. 188; their French physician, III. 402.

BASEMENT, in architecture, Il. 460. prehistoric origin, V. 269; X. III. BARTHOLDI'S STATUE OF LIBERTY, BASE OF SUPPLY, in war, XXIV. 350. BASRA, province, Asiatic Turkey, XVI. New York, xvII. 459.

BASHAN, country of Scripture, in Syria, 51; XXIII. 653; (Bussorah), town, iv. BARTHOLIN, Danish historian, XII. 626.

III. 410.

577; VIII. 671; province and town BARTHOLINUS, Erasmus, on crystals, BASHFORTH, Prof., on the velocity of under the caliphs, XVI. 562, 590; VI. 672. projectiles, XI. 302.

Moslem theological school of, XVI. Gaspard, Swedish writer, III. 403. BASHGALIS, tribe, Afghanistan, XIII. 822. 592.

Thomas, Swedish physiologist, III. BASHI-BAZOUKS, Turkish irregular sol BAS RELIEFS, in sculpture, IX. 205; 403. diery, 11. 618.

Greek, II. 352. BARTHOLOMEW, St, apostle, 111. 403. BASHKIR-MESCHERYAKS, people, Rus. BASS, George, Australasian explorer, 1II. Revelations of, apocalyptic work, sia, XVI. 46.

104. II. 179.

BASHKIRS, people, Russia, III. 411; & Co.'s BREWERIES, Burton, St, Massacre of, ix. 561; V. 412. XXI. 79.

England, iv. 265, 572. BARTIZAN, in architecture, 11. 460. BASHMURIC, Egyptian dialect, vi. 355; BASSÆ, ruins, Greece, XVIII. 735. BARTLETT, A. D., on the structure of

XI. 799.

BASSAHIR, state, India, 111, 424. birds, XVIII. 25.

BASIDIOMYCETES, order of Fungi, ix. BASSAM, Grand, river and settlement, BARTOLINI, Lorenzo, Italian sculptor, 832; XXIV. 127.

West Africa, X. 755. III. 403.

BASIL, the Great, early theologian, 11. BASSANO, town, Italy, III. 424. BARTOLOMMEO DI S. MARCO (Baccio 412; his monastic rule, XVI. 700.

Giacomo da Ponte, Italian painter, della Porta), Italian painter, III. 194; bishops of Ancyra and Seleucia,

III. 424. his influence on Raphael, XX. 275. III. 412.

BASSANTIE, James, Scottish astronomer, BARTOLOZZI, Francesco, Italian

or Basilius, I., emperor of the East,

XXI. 543 graver, III. 403.

III. 419; XI. 116.

BASSEIN, district, India, III. 425; town, BARTOLUS, Italian jurist, 111. 403.

II., emperor, XI. 116.

III. 425; XXIII. 221. BARTON, Andrew, Scottish sea captain, prince of Russia, XXI. 91.

BASSELIN, Olivier, French poet, III. XXI, 496.

culinary herb, XII. 289.

425.

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BASSES-ALPES, department, France, I. | BATAGUR, genus of chelonian reptiles, | BATISCAN, river, Canada, xx. 165. 599.

XXIII. 457.

BATIUSHKOFF, Constantine, Russian BASSES-PYRÉNÉES, department, France, BATAK LANGUAGE, I1I. 442.

poet, XXI. 107. XX. 126. BATALA, town, India, XI. 331.

BATLEY, town, England, xxiv. 748. BASSET, or Outcrop, in geology, X. 298. BATALDEN, island, Norway, XVII. 576. BATMAN SU, affluent of Tigris, xxIII. BASSE TERRE, district and town, Guade- BATANÆA, ancient province, Syria, III. 387. loupe, West Indies, XI. 230.

410.

BATNA, town, Algeria, XIV. 238. BASSETERRE, town, St Christopher, BATANES, islands, Philippines, xvIII. BATOIDEI, group of fishes, XII. 686; XX. West Indies, XXI. 159. 751.

299. BASSET HORN, musical instrument, BATANG, island, Malay Peninsula, BATONI, Pompeo Girolamo, Italian XVII. 708. XV. 321.

painter, III. 442. BASSEVILLE, Hugo, French Republican , town, Tibet, XXIII. 342.

BATON-ROUGE, town, Louisiana, U.S.A., agent in Rome, xix. 155.

LUPAR, river, Borneo, XXI. 306. III. 442; XV. 21. BASSI, Laura Maria Caterina, learned Batavi, Germanic tribe, XII. 69. BATORY, Stephen, king of Poland and Italian lady, III. 425.

BATAVIA, town, Java, III. 431; XIII. ruler of Transylvania, XII. 369; XIX. BASSIANUS, Joannes, Italian jurist, III. 606; library at, xiv. 534, 549.

293; XXI. 92. 425.

BATAVIAN REPUBLIC, Netherlands BATOUM, seaport, Transcaucasia, Russia, Varius Avitus (Heliogabalus), (1795), XII. 82.

III. 446; XXIII. 514; ceded to Russia emperor of Rome, XI. 632.

BATCHIAN, island, Indian Archipelago, (1878), xxIII. 653. BASSIGNY, district, France, xv. 561. XIII. 692.

BATRACHIANS, group of animals, 1. 750; BASSO DA CAMERA, musical instrument, BATCHING, in jute manufacture, XIII.

XX. 432. XXIV. 245.

802.

BATRACHUS, Greek architect, III. 442. BASSOON, musical instrument, III. 425; BATEGNIUS(Al-Battani), Arabian mathe- BATSHA, Tong-King, peculiarity of tides XVII. 707.

matician, I. 449; XVI. 596; XXIII. 561. at, xiv. 606. BASSORA (Bussorah), town, Asiatic BATEMAN, John, colonizer of Victoria, BATTA, Negro tribe, Sokoto, Africa, XXII. Turkey, iv. 577; VIII, 671; XVI. 562, Australia, XXIV. 218.

248. 590; gum of, XI. 276.

J. F., on Loch Katrine aqueduct, BATTAFUOCO, Matteo, Corsican politiBASS Rock, islet, Firth of Forth, Scot II. 226.

cian, XVII. 193. land, 111. 424.

BATES, William, English Nonconformist BATTAKS (Battas, q.v.), race of people, BASS'S STRAITS, Australia, III. 424. divine, III. 432.

Sumatra, III. 442; XXII. 640. BASSUS, Cæsius, Roman poet, xviII. BATH, town, England, III. 432; XXII. BATTALION, body of infantry, II. 662.

258; mineral waters of, xvi. 433; 442. BASS Wood, tree, United States, xxIII. Nash's connexion with, XVII. 235.

BATTAS, or Battaks, race of people, 808.

town, Maine, U.S.A., III. 434. Sumatra, III. 442; XXII. 640; their BAST, bark of lime tree, XIV. 648.

Syriac measure, XXIV. 485.

cannibalism, iv. 808. (Bubastis), Egyptian divinity, iv. Earl of, English politician, xx. BATTER, in architecture, II. 460. 408; VII. 718.

103.

BATTERING RAM, military engine, III. BASTAR, feudatory state, India, III. 425. Order of the, XIV. 124.

443. BASTARD, III. 426.

AND WELLS, bishopric of, England, BATTERSEA, district, London, xiv. 822. OF ORLEANS (Dunois), French XXIV. 499.

BATTERY, of artillery, 111. 443; II. 662; general, vii. 544.

BATHGATE, town, Scotland, 111. 434. coast batteries, IX. 451. BASTEI, mountain, Saxony, XXI. 357. BATHING, III. 437.

electric, VIII. 13, 90; galvanic, BASTI, district and town, India, III. BATHOMETER, measure of sea-depths,

VIII. 92. 428. XXII. 38.

in law, II. 724. BASTIA, town, Corsica, III. 428. Bathori, Christopher, prince of Tran- BATTEUX, Charles, French writer on art, BASTIANINI, Italian sculptor, XXI. 570. sylvania, XXII. 230.

III. 443; I. 220. BASTIAT, Frédéric, French political Sigmund, prince of Transylvania, BATTHYANI, Count Louis, Hungarian economist, III. 428; XIX. 385. XXI. 17.

leader, XII. 371. BASTIE, Sieur Antoine d'Arces de la, Stephen, governor of Transylvania BATTIADÆ, dynasty of Libyan kings, III.

French envoy in Scotland, XXI. 497. and king of Poland, XII. 369; XIX. 446. BASTILLE, fortress, Paris, III. 429; XXIII. 293; XXI. 92.

BATTICALOA, town, Ceylon, III. 443. 289; its fall, ix. 598; the Man of the BATHS, III. 434; ancient Roman, at BATTIKS, Javanese cloth, xiii. 604. Iron Mask in, XIII. 360.

Pompeii, XIX. 448; hydropathic, XII. BATTLE, engagement between armies, BASTION, in fortification, IX. 434, 440. 544; swimming, XXII. 771.

III. 443; XXIV. 361.
BASTITE, mineral, XVI. 415.

BATHURST, town, Gambia, West Africa, , town, England, III. 445.
BASTNAESITE, mineral, XVI. 383.
I. 269; X. 59.

Ordeal of, xvii. 820. BASTWICK, John, English physician and town, New Brunswick, XVII. 375. AXE, weapon of war, 11. 555. anti-Catholic, III. 430.

town, New South Wales, III. 441. HARBOUR, fishing station, LabraBASURHAT, town, India, xxIII. 673.

village, Sierra Leone, XXII. 45.

dor, xiv. 175. BASUTOS, South-African tribe, V. 47; Earl of, English statesman, II. BATTLEMENT, in architecture, II. 460. XXIII. 518; languages of, xxiv. 828. 441.

BATTLE OF THE BOOKS, Swift's work, BAT, chiropterous mammal, III. 431; Ralph, English poet, physician, and XXII. 762; Wotton's share in the conXV. 405; hibernation of, XI. 788; sense divine, III. 442.

troversy, XXIV. 685. of touch in, XXIII. 479; in Sumatra, BATHYCLES, Greek sculptor, III. 442. BATTLE OF THE STANDARD (1138), XXII. 640.

BATHYLAGUS, genus of fishes, XXI. 222, XVII. 555. Fox, ix. 352; XXII. 640. 224.

BATTLE OF THE STANDARD, Leonardo Vampire, XXIV. 52. BATINEH, district, Arabia, 11. 255.

da Vinci's picture, XIV. 459.

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