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VAZIMBA, tribe, Madagascar, XV. 173. VEILE, town, Denmark, VII. 83. VENDÉE DIAMOND, kind of quartz.
VAZOFF, Bulgarian poet, XXII. 150. VEINS, in anatomy, I. 905; XXIV. 103, XXIV, 138.
VEAL, Mrs, Defoe's novel, vii. 28, 468. 107; diseases of, XXII. 684.

VENDETTA, Practice of, in Sardinia,
VECELLI, Francesco, Italian painter, in leaves, IV. 109.

XXI. 309.
XXIII. 416.

Mineral, x. 317; XVI. 441.

VENDIDAD, part of Zend-Avesta, xxiv.
Gregorio, Italian councillor and VEITCH, James, Scottish mathematician 775, 823.
soldier, XXIII. 414.

and philosopher, IV. 276.

VENDÔME, town, France, xxiv. 138;
Orazio, Italian painter, XXIII. 416. VEJOVis, name of Jupiter, XIII. 780. XIV. 809.

or Vecellio, Tiziano (Titian, q.v.), Vela, Blasco Nunez de, Peruvian | VENDOR, in law, XXI. 206.
Italian painter, XXIII. 413.
viceroy, xvIII. 677.

VENEER, Marble, in wall decorations,
VECHT, river, Holland, xx. 519. VELABRUM, part of ancient Rome, xx.

XVII. 35.
VECTIS, Roman name for Isle of Wight, 824.

VENEERING, in cabinet work, XXIV.
XXIV. 562.

VELASQUEZ, Diego, Spanish governor 138; IX. 849.
VEDANGAS, branches of Vedic (Hindu) of Cuba, VI. 441.

VENER, Lake, Sweden, XXII. 736.
science, XXI. 274.

VELAZQUEZ, Diego de Silva, Spanish VENERATION, in phrenology, XVIII.
VEDANTA, Hindu philosophical writings, painter, XXIV. 132; as colourist, XVIII. 845.
XXIV. 117; XXI. 290.

139.

VENEREAL DISEASES, XVIII. 404; XXII.
VEDAs, Hindu sacred writings, 11. 698; VELDEKE, Heinrich von, German writer, 686; in the horse, XXIV. 202.
IV. 201; XII.
779; XXI. 273; on X. 518, 523.

VENETI, ancient Italian people, XIII. 447.
caste, V. 188; Gnostic portion of, xxiv. VELED, Sultan, Ottoman poet, xxIII. VENETIA, province, Italy, XXIV. 141.
117; mythic stories of, xvII. 152. 656.

VENETIAN ALPS, I. 630.
VEDDAHS, people of Ceylon, XXIV. 120. VELEIA, ancient town, Italy, XXIV. 136 VENEZUELA, republic, South America,
VEDEL, old Danish writer, VII. 90. VELEIKA, town, Russia, xxiv. 234. XXIV. 139; 1. 712; revolt of, from
VEDIANTII, Ligurian tribe, Italy, xiv. VELESA (Koprili), town, Turkey in Spain, 1. 710; liberation of, by Bolivar,
640.
Europe, XIV. 140.

IV. 7; forests, ix. 406; newspapers,
VEEN, Heemskerk van, Dutch painter, VELESLAVIN, Bohemian printer and

XVII. 437
XI. 611.
writer, XXII. 152.

VENGEANCE, Private, in Roman law,
Otto van, Flemish painter, XXI. 41. VELEZ DE GUEVARA, Luiz, Spanish XX. 675; in Sardinia, XXI. 309.
VEGA, Garcilaso de la, Spanish soldier novelist, XI. 248; XXII. 358.

VENICE, town and former republic,
and poet, X. 74; XVIII. 346; XXII. VELEZ-MALAGA, town, Spain, XXIV. Italy, xxiv. 141; XIII. 479; occupa-
357
136.

tion of Greece by, XI. 121; war of
Garcilaso Inca de la, Spanish VELIKAYA, river, Russia, XX. 35; XXI. Louis XII. of France with, ix. 555;
historian, x. 74.

occupation of, by Napoleon (1797),
Georg von, Austrian logarithmist, VelikiYA LUKI, town, Russia, XX. 36. XVII. 198; conflict with Ottoman em-
XIV. 775; XXIII. 9.

VELINO, Falls of, Perugia, Italy, XXIII. pire, XXIII. 642; contest with Pope
CARPIO, Lope Felix de, Spanish 190.

Paul V., XVIII. 431; relations to the
dramatist and poet, xxiv. 121; VII. Monte, mountain, Italy, XIII. 438. popedom, xix. 505; its support of
420; XXII. 357, 358.
VELIZH, town, Russia, XXIV. 137.

Father Sarpi, XXI. 311; bank of, III.
VEGAS, irrigated plains, Spain, xxII. VELLEIUS PATERCULUS, Marcus, 316; bridge of the Rialto, iv. 332;
299.
Roman historian, XVIII. 358.

coins, XVII. 657; commerce,

VI.
VEGETABLE BATHS, III. 439.

VELLETRI, town, Italy, xxiv. 137. 199; musical conservatory, Vi. 291;
VEGETABLE CREEK MINE, New South VELLIKONDA, district, Karnul, India, dialect of, XIII. 494; doges, vii. 331;
Wales, XVI. 471.
XIV. 6.

glass making, x. 652; libraries, xiv.
VEGETABLE HISTOLOGY, XII. 10. VELLORE, town, India, xxiv. 137. 530, 548; majolica ware, XIX. 628; St
VEGETABLE IVORY, XIII. 524; XVII. VELLUM, XIV. 390; XVIII. 271; ancient Mark's church, 11. 435; crypt in St
664.
use of, XVIII, 144, 147, 162.

Mark's, vi. 669; nobles, XVII. 527;
VEGETABLE KINGDOM, XXIV. 124; III. VELOCIPEDE, XXIII. 559.

school of painting, XXI. 436, 442;
690; IV. 79; Linnæus's classification of, VELOCITY, in mechanics, xv. 681, 769; pictures in, XXI. 447; porcelain, xix.
xiv. 672; longevity in, xiv. 857. See VIII. 207; of light, XIV. 584; XXIV. 636; sculpture, xxi. 568; Tintoretto's
also Botany and Plant.

458; of sound, 1. 104; XXIV. 418; of pictures in, xx. 609; Titian's pictures
VEGETABLE MARROW, gourd, XI. 4;

the wind, XVI. 156.

in, XXIII. 414, 416; Turner's pictures
XII. 283.
VELSK, town, Russia, XXIV. 283.

of, xxIII. 667.
VEGETABLE PARASITISM, XVIII. 264. VELTEN, St, bishop and martyr, xxiv. PRESERVED, Otway's drama, XVIII.
VEGETABLE PHYSIOLOGY, XIX. 43. 36.

70.
VEGETABLES, Garden, XII. 278; culti- VELTHEN, Magister Johann, German TURPENTINE, XIV. 310.
vation of, I. 384; poisonous, xv. 782. dramatist, VII. 441.

VENI CREATOR, ancient hymn, XII.
VEGETATION, Chemistry of, xiv. 567. VELVET, silken textile, xxiv. 137, 467; 583.
ZONES, in the Alps, 1. 631.

ancient, xxIII. 209; dyeing of, vii. VENIERI, Sebastian, Venetian admiral
VEGETIUS, Flavius Renatus, Roman 579.

and doge, xxiv. 145, 146.
military writer, XXIV. 132.
VELVET-DUCK, bird, XXI. 470.

VENKATAGIRI, town, India, xvII. 321.
Publius, Roman veterinary sur VENANTIUS HONORIUS CLEMENTI- VENLO, town, Holland, xxiv. 157.
geon, XXIV. 197.

ANUS FORTUNATUS, Latin poet, ix. VENNACHER, Loch, Scotland, xvIII. 666.
VEGLIA, island, Adriatic, XXIV. 132. 469.

VENNONES, or Venostes, Rhætian people,
VEHMGERICHTE (Fehmic Courts), Ger- VENATION, of leaves, IV. 109.

XX. 505.
many, ix. 63; X. 495.

VENDACE, fish, XXIV. 137; XXI. 223. VENTA ICENORUM (Norwich), ancient
VEII, Etruscan town, Italy, viII. 634; VENDÉE, department, France, xxiv. town, England, xvii. 595.
capture of, by Romans, XX. 739. 137; insurrection in, ix. 605.

VENTIDIUS, Roman general, XVIII. 597.

73.

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VII.

VENTILATION, XXIV. 157; of bee hives, | VERGIL, or Virgil (q.v.), Latin poet, xxiv. painting, XXI. 436, 443; pictures, XXI.
III. 486; of drains, XXI. 715; of 248.

447
hospitals, XII. 304; of mines, Vi. 70; VERGNIAUD, Pierre Victurnien, French VERONESE, Paolo, Italian painter, xxiv.
XVI. 459.
Revolutionist, XXIV. 164.

173; XXI. 436; his manner of colour-
VENTNOR, town, Isle of Wight, England, VERHULST, William, director, New ing, XVIII. 139; as colleague of Tin-
XXIV, 162.
Netherland, America, XVII. 454.

toret, xx. 610.
VENTRILOQUISM, VII. 63.

VERJUICE, from crab apples, II. 212. VERONICA, St, XXIV. 173.
VENTURA, Luca d'Egidio di (Signorelli), VERKH-ISSETSKII, town, Russia, XVIII. VERRES, Roman governor, XXIV. 174.
Italian painter, XXII. 50; XXI. 434,442. 550.

VERRI, Pietro, Italian economist, xix.
VENUE, in law, xxiv. 162.

VERKHNE-TCHIRSKAYA, town, Russia, 362.
VENUS, Roman goddess (the Greek

XVII. 500.

VERROCCHIO, Andrea del, Florentine
Aphrodite), 1. 788; 11. 171; relations VERKHNEUDINSK, town, Transbaikalia, painter and sculptor, XXIV. 175; XIV.
with Adonis, l. 163; the Egyptian Russia, XXIII. 511.

456; XXI. 568.
Athor, 111. 13; temple of, at Rome, XX. VERKHNE-URALSK, town, Russia, xxiv. VERRUCCHIO, Malatesta da, Italian
827; in classical sculpture, II. 356, 166; XVII. 826.

nobleman, xx. 556.
361; VII. 530; XV. 842.

VERKHNII LOMOFF, town, Russia, VERRUGAS, disease, xxiv. 377, 732.
planet, 11. 777, 782, 791; brightness
XVIII. 515.

Peru, Railway bridge at, XVIII.
of, xiv. 582; transits of, 11. 796; VERKHOTURIE, town, Russia, XVIII. 675.
XVIII. 246; first observation of transit, 550.

VERSAILLES, town, France, XXIV. 176;
II. 754; XII. 172; Assyrian worship of, VERMEER, Jan (J. van der Meer), treaty of (1756), 1X. 588; treaty of
III. 176.
Dutch painter, xv. 824.

(1783), 1x. 595; William I. of Prussia
Vigil of, Latin poem, xvIII. 683. VERMEHREN, Danish painter, proclaimed German emperor at (1871),
VENUS'S FLY-TRAP, insectivorous plant, 94.

XXIV. 582; labyrinth at, xiv. 180;
XIII. 136.

VERMEJO, river, South America, Xix. libraries, xiv. 526, 546; palace, II.
VEPERI, part of Madras city, India, xv. 188.

441 ; Vernet's paintings in palace,
188.

VERMES, group of animals, xxiv. 677; XXIV. 169; waterworks, II. 222.
VERA, Augusto, Italian philosopher, embryology of, xx. 419; reproduction VERSECZ, town, Hungary, xxiv. 178.
XXIV. 162.

of, xx. 409; organs of touch in, XXIII. VERSIFICATION, in poetry, XIX. 258.
CRUZ, state, Mexico, XVI. 214; 478; parasitic forms, XVIII. 259. VERTEBRÆ, XXII. 111; XXIV. 178; in
population, XXIV. 163.

VERMICELLA, genus of snakes, XXII. human anatomy, I. 820; of Amphibia,
Cruz, town, Mexico, xxiv. 163. 196.

1. 751; of apes, II. 159; of birds, Ili.
VERATRUM, plant, xxiv. 163.

VERMICELLI, article of food, xv. 125. 717; of fishes, XII. 640; of mammals,
VERAWAL, town, India, XXII. 261. VERMIFORMIA, divison of Polyzoa, XIX. XV. 356 (and article Mammalia
VERB, in grammar, XI. 41.

433.

throughout); of reptiles, XX. 447.
VERBANO (Maggiore, q.v.), Lago, Italian VERMIGLI, Pietro Martire(Peter Martyr), VERTEBRATA, or Vertebrates, division of
lake, XV. 198.
Italian Reformer, xxiv. 166.

animal kingdom, XXIV. 178; II. 53;
VERBENA, plant, xxiv. 163.

VERMILION, pigment, xxiv. 166; XIX. embryology of, xx. 420; nervous
VERCELLI, town, Italy, XXIV. 163; 87.

system, xix. 31; reproduction, xx.
library, xiv. 531; university, XXIII. VERMLAND, county, Sweden,

409; skeleton, XXII. 106; in Lankester's
833, 836.
741.

classification, xxiv. 812.
CODEX, Anglo-Saxon MS., VIII. VERMONT, State, U.S.A., XXIV. 166. VERTIGO, Epileptic, VIII. 480.
406; MS. of Gospels in Latin, xxiv. VERNATION, of plants, arrangement of VERTOT, Abbé de, French historian, ix.
163.
leaves in bud, iv. 118.

668.
VERCELLIS, Madame de, friend of VERNET, spa, France, xx. 128.

VERTUE, George, English engraver and
Rousseau, XXI. 24.

Antoine Charles Horace (Carle antiquary, XXIV. 188.
VERCINGETORIX, Gallic chief, iv. 637. Vernet), French painter, XXIV. 169. VERTUMNUS, Roman deity, XIX 443.
VERD, Cape, West Africa, XXI. 661; Claude Joseph, French painter, VERT VERT, Gresset's poem, XI. 187.
islands, V. 50; 1. 272; III. 759.

XXIV. 168.

VERULAM, Baron (Francis Bacon, q.v.),
VERDAGUER, Jacinto, Spanish poet,

Émile Jean Horace, French mili III. 200.
XXII. 365.

tary painter, XXIV. 169.

VERULAMIUM (St Albans), Roman town,
VERDE ANTICO, variety of marble, xv. Madame, her protection of Con Britain, XXI. 156.
529; XVI. 397.
dorcet, VI. 254.

VERUS, Ælius, Roman general, XVIII.
VERDELHO Wine, Madeira, XV. 178. VERNIER, micrometric instrument, 604.
VERDEN, Massacre of Saxons at (782), XXIV. 169; XVII. 256; XXII. 718.

M. Aurelius, Roman emperor, III.
V. 403.

Pierre, French commandant, in 86; XX. 773, 775; XXII. 573.
VERDERER, in forest law, ix. 409. ventor of the vernier, XXIV. 169; Martius, Roman general, XVIII.
VERDICT, of a jury, XIII. 785, 787.

XVII. 256; XXII. 718.

604.
VERDIGRIS, or Acetate of Copper, vi. VERNON, Edward, English admiral, VERVIERS, town, Belgium, XXIV. 188.
351; as a poison, XIX. 278.

XXIV. 169.

VERVINS, France, Treaty of (1598), ix.
river, Nebraska, U.S.A., XVII. James, English secretary of state 564.
307.
and letter writer, XXIV. 169.

VERWER, Adriaen, on sea-rights, xxi.
VERDITER BLUE, pigment, XIX. 87. VERODUNUM (Verdun), ancient town, 584.
VERDUN, town, France, xxiv. 164; France, XXIV. 164.

VESALIUS, or Vesale, Andreas, Flemish
treaty of (843), 1x. 534; X. 480; XV. 9. VERONA, town, Italy, xxiv. 170; XX. anatomist, 1. 807; on the organs of
VERGE-BOARD, in architecture, II. 475. 145; congress of (1822), VI. 271; XVI. circulation, XXIV. 95.
VERGENNES, Claire E. J. G. de (Madame 202; XXIV. 497; amphitheatre at, 1. VESICAL DISEASES, XXIV. 188.
Rémusat), French writer, XX. 379. 775; libraries, xiv. 548; school of | VESIEGONSK, town, Russia, xxIII. 672.

XXV. – 58

XXII.

VESOUL, town, France, xxiv. 191; XXI. VETRANIC-CAVCIC, Nicholas, Ragusan | Vico, Giovan Battista, Italian jurist and
301.
dramatist, xxi. 690.

philosopher, XXIV, 211; XIII. 512.
VESPA, genus of insects, XXIV. 391. VETTER, Lake, Sweden, XXII. 736.

Pietro di, prefect of Rome, xx,
VESPASIAN (Titus Flavius Vespasianus), VETTORE, Monte, mountain, Italy, 795.
Roman emperor, XXIV. 191; XX. 772;

XIII. 437

VICRAMADITYA, Era of, v. 719.
in Judæa, XIII. 427; temple of, at VETULONIA, Etruscan town, Italy, VIII. Victim, Sacrificial, xxi. 132.
Rome, xx. 820.

636.

VICTOR I., St, bishop of Rome, xxiv.
VESPERS, canonical hour, XXIV. 192; IV. VETURII, Ligurian tribe, Italy, xiv. 213; XIX. 489.
263.
640.

II.-III., popes, XXIV. 213.
AT BLACKFRIARS, London, Acci VEVAY, town, Switzerland, XXIV. 115. IV., two antipopes, XXIV. 213.
dent at (1623), xiv. 847.

VEXIN, district, Normandy, France, Claude Perrin, French marshal,
VESPERTILIONIDÆ, family of bats, xv. XVII. 539, 544

XXIV. 213.
410.
VEYSI, Turkish writer, XXIII. 656.

Sextus Aurelius, Roman consul
VESPIDÆ, family of insects, XXIV. 391. VÉZELAY ABBEY, France, Architecture and historian, XXIV. 214.
VESPUCCI, Amerigo, Italian navigator,
of, il. 430.

AMADEUS I., duke of Savoy, XXI.
XXIV, 192; X. 181.

VIADUCTS, IV. 284; railway, XX. 234. 342.
VESTA, Roman goddess (the Greek VIAREGGIO, town, Italy, XXIV. 208.

AMADEUS II., king of Sardinia,
Hestia), xxiv. 193; temple of, at VIATICUM, last communion to the XXI. 342; XIII. 484.
Rome, xx. 818, 819; temple of, at dying, xxiv. 208.

AMADEUS III., of Sardinia, XXI.
Tivoli, II. 417; pilgrimage to temple VIATKA, or Vyatka, government, Russia, 342.
of, XIX. 91.
XXIV. 302; town, XXIV. 303.

EMMANUEL, king of Italy, xxiv.
asteroid, 11. 807.

VIAU, or Viaud, Théophile de, French 214; XIII. 488; XXI. 342.
VESTALIA, Roman festival, xxiv. 195. poet, XXIV. 208; IX. 656.

VICTORIA, queen of England, vill. 366.
VESTAL VIRGINS, Roman priestesses, VIAZEMSKI, Prince, Russian poet, XXI. British colony, Australia, xxiv.
XXIV. 193.
109.

215; III. 114; mines, XVI. 471; XXI.
VESTAS, matches, xv. 626.
VIBORG, town, Denmark, vii. 83.

48; newspapers, XVII. 437; opium cul-
VESTERAALEN, islands, Norway, XIV. town, Finland, XXIV. 209.

tivation, XVII. 792; railways, XX. 253.
768; XVII. 577.

VIBRATION, Effect of, on iron and district, Western Australia, xxiv.
VESTERÅs, county, Sweden, XXII. 741. steel, XIII. 355; on magnetization, 507.
VESTERBOTTEN, county, Sweden, XXII. XV. 268.

town, Brazil, XXIV, 218.
741.

- Light propagated as, XXIV. 421. , town, British Columbia, XXIV.
VESTERNORRLAND, county, Sweden, VIBRATIONS OF SOUND, I. 100; XVII. 218.
XXII. 741.

105; communication of, I. 116; of town, Hong-Kong, China, XII.
VESTFJOLD Kings, of Norway, XVII. human voice, XXIV. 275.

141.
585.

VIBROGRAPHS, acoustic instruments, I. Lake, Central Asia, XVIII. 103.
VESTIGES OF CREATION, anonymous

BRIDGE, at Montreal, Canada, iv.
work, by Robert Chambers, V. 381; Vicar, in ecclesiastical law, XXIV. 209; 339; XVI. 794.
XXIV. 77.

1. 179; XXIII. 412; of an English CAVE, Yorkshire, England, v. 270.
VESTMANLAND, county, Sweden, XXII. parish, xvIII. 296.

FALLS, river Paraná, Argentine
741.

VICAR-CHORAL, ecclesiastical officer, Republic, XIX. 188.
VESTMENTS, Ecclesiastical, xxiv. 195; XXIV. 209.

FALLS, Zambesi river, Africa,
VI. 461.

VICAR-GENERAL, in ecclesiastical law, XXIV. 765; 1. 255; discovery of, 1.
VESTOCHNYI, Cape, Eastern Siberia, XXIV. 209; III. 559.

247; XIV. 721.
XV. 547

VICAR OF WAKEFIELD, Goldsmith's NYANZA, Lake, Africa, XVII. 504,
VESTRIS, Madame, English actress, XV. tale, X. 762.

507.
632.
VICE, tool, XI. 439.

PARK, London, XIV. 824.
VESTRY BOARDS, of London, XIV. 820. VICE-ADMIRAL, Office of, 1. 159.

PEAK, Vancouver Island, XXIV. 57.
VESUNNA (Périgueux) Roman town, VICE-COMES, Anglo-Norman officer, REGIA, water-lily, XXIV. 402.
France, xvIII. 534.
XXIV. 261.

UNIVERSITY, at Manchester, Eng-
VESUVIANS, matches, xv. 626.

VICENTE, Gil, Portuguese dramatist, land, xxIII. 854.
VESUVIUS, volcano, Italy, XXIV. 195; XXIV. 209; VII. 420; XIX. 556; as VICTORINES, The, mystics, XVII. 132.
X. 243; XVII. 187; destruction of pastoral poet, XVIII. 346.

VICUÑA, or Vicugna, ungulate mami

mmal,
Pompeii by, XIX. 444.

VICENTIA (Vicenza), ancient town, Italy, 1. 598; IV. 13; XIV. 739; influence of
VESZELYITE, mineral, xvi. 406.

XXIV. 210.

domestication on, IV. 251.
VESZPREM, town, Hungary, XXIV. 197. VICENZA, town, Italy, xxiv. 210; uni- VICUS AQUENSIS (Bagnères-de-Bigorre),
VETCHES, Culture of, I. 376.

versity of, xxIII. 836.

ancient town, France, III. 235.
VETERINARY DEPARTMENT, of British VICE-PRESIDENT, of United States, Vicus IRIA (Voghera), ancient town,
army, II. 584.

XXIII. 750; list of vice-presidents, Italy, XXIV. 272.
VETERINARY SCIENCE, XXIV. 197. XXIII. 787.

VIDA, Marco Girolamo, Italian Latin
VETLANKA, Russia, Plague at, XIX. 167. VICH, town, Spain, xxiv. 210.

poet, XXIV. 219.
VETLUGA, river, Russia, XXIV. 279. Vichy, town, France, XXIV. 210; | VIDAGO, spa, Portugal, xvi. 435.
VETO, in constitutional law, XXIV. 206; mineral water of, xvi. 435.

VIDAL, Peire, Provençal poet, XIX. 874.
of the Roman tribune, XXIII. 558; Vichy-CHAMROND, Maria de, Marquise Ramon, Catalan poet, XXII. 363.
presidential, of United States, XXIII. du Deffand, VII. 25.

VIDONIA WINE, Teneriffe, IV. 797 ;
749.

VICKSBURG, town, Mississippi, U.S.A., XXIV. 607.
— Act, of Church of Scotland, ix. XXIV. 211; battle of (1863), xxIII. VIDUA, genus of birds, XXIV. 463.
743; XXI. 538.

778.

VIEDMA LAKE, Patagonia, XVIII. 353.

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IIO.

VIEILLOT, Louis Pierre, on birds, XVIII. VIGNOLA, Giacomo Barozzio da, Italian | VILLEFRANCHE DE ROUERGUE, town,
7.
architect, III. 380; XX. 836.

France, XXIV. 228.
VIEN, Joseph Marie, French painter, VIGNY, Alfred de, French poet and VILLEFRANCHE-SUR-SAÔNE, town,
XXIV. 219.
adventurer, XXIV. 225.

France, XXIV. 229.
VIEN-CHANG, town, Siam, XXI. 853. Vigo, town, Spain, XXIV. 226; XIX. 455. VILLEHARDOUIN, Geoffroy de, French
VIENNA, capital of Austria-Hungary, VIGORS, Nicholas Aylward, on birds, chronicler, XXIV. 229; IX. 645.
XXIV. 219; siege of, by the Turks
XVIII. 15.

Godfrey, prince of Achaia, xxiv.
(1529), xxIII. 643; siege of, by the VIGTEN ISLANDS, Norway, XVII. 576. 229; capture of Nauplia by (1211),
Turks (1683), 111. 126; XIV. 466; XIX. | Vijil, Francisco de Paula, Peruvian

XVII. 249.
296; XXIII. 645; taken by Bonaparte orator and statesman, XVIII. 676. VILLEINAGE, in England, vi. 355; VIII.
(1805), 111. 132; peace of (1809), 111. Vik, district, Norway, XVII. 584.

325; XXII. 137.
134; IX. 616; congress of (1814-15), VIKINGS, Northern sea-rovers, their early VILLEIN-SOCAGE, system of land tenure,
III. 135, 270; VI. 270; IX. 618; XIII. expeditions, XVII.584; their knowledge England, XIX. 734.
485; XIV. 855; XVII. 223; XIX. 298; of geography, x. 178; their possession VILLEMAIN, Abel François, French
revolution at (1848), 111. 136; academy of Orkney and Shetland, xvII. 848; literary historian, XXIV. 231; IX. 680.
of surgery, 1. 77; libraries, XIV. 527, invasion of Scotland by, XXI. 477. VILLEMARQUÉ, Théodore Hersart,
547; newspapers, XVII. 429; imperial | VIKRAMADITYA, king of Ujjain, India, Vicomte de la, on Breton literature,
observatory, XVII. 713; telescope in XII. 789.

V. 324.
observatory, XXIII. 149; picture gal- VIKRAMORVASI, Kalidasa's Sanskrit VILLENA, town, Spain, XXIV. 231.
leries, XXI. 445; porcelain, xix. 640; drama, XIII. 829; XXI. 285.

- Enrique de, Spanish poet, XXII.
Canova's sculpture in, XXI. 570; uni- Vi LAICA REMOVENDA, obsolete English 355.
versity, XXIII. 840, 851; waterworks, writ, xxiv. 695.

VILLENAGE, or Villeinage (q.v.), VI. 355.
II. 228.

VilAYET, Turkish administrative divi- VILLENEUVE, Pierre C. J. B. S. de,
VIENNE, department and town, France, sion, xxIII. 654.

French admiral at Trafalgar, xvii.
XXIV. 222.

VILCAMAYU, river, Peru, xvIII. 673; 323.
river, France, XIV. 806.
valley, xvIII. 675.

VILLENEUVE-SUR-LOT, town, France,
Haute-, department, France, xxiv. | VILKOMIR, town, Russia, XXIV. 226. XXIV. 231.
223.

VILLACREZES, congregation of reformed VILLIERS, George, first duke of Buck-
John de, leader of the French in Franciscans, ix. 699.

ingham, Iv. 417; Bacon's connexion
Scotland (1381), XXI. 490.

VILLA DE CONTAS, town, Brazil, xxiv. with, III. 206.
VIEQUEZ, island, Porto Rico, West Indies, 227

, George, second duke of Bucking-
XIX. 532.
VILLA DE HORTA, town, Azores, III.

ham, IV. 419.
VIERGE AUX ROCHERS, Leonardo's 172.

George William Frederick, fourth
painting, xiv. 460.

VILLA DO Rio PARDO, town, Brazil, earl of Clarendon, V. 807.
VIERWALDSTÄTTERSEE, or Lake of XXIV. 227.

John de, master of Knights Hos-
Lucerne (q.v.), Switzerland, xv. 41. VILLAFRANCA, Italy, Conference and pitallers, XXI. 174.
VIERZON, town, France, XXIV. 223. peace of (1859), 111. 139; IX. 624; XIII. VILLON, Francis, French poet, xxiv.
VIETA, François, French mathematician, 490; XVII. 228.

232; IX. 647.
XXIV. 224; his application of algebra VILLAGE, in United States, XXIII. 827. VILMANSTRAND, town, Finland, xxiv.
to geometry, l. 514; on squaring the The, Crabbe's poem, vi. 539.

209.
circle, XXII. 434; his contributions to COMMUNITIES, XIV. 365; in Russia, VILMORIN, Henry de, French agricul-
trigonometry, XXIII. 562.
XXI. 70, 83.

turist, XXIV. 532.
VIEUSSENS, Raymond, French anatomist, TENURE, of land, xiv. 260. VILNA, government, Russia, XXIV. 233.
1. 812, 813

Villa Hayes, town, Paraguay, XVIII. town, Russia, XXIV. 234; obser-
VIEUZAC, Barère de, French Revólu-

244.

vatory at, XVII. 714.
tionist, III. 373.

VILLAINAGE, in England, vi. 355; VIII. VILUI, river, Siberia, XXII. 5; XXIV.
VIGEVANO, town, Italy, XXIV. 224. 325; XXII. 137

726.
VIGIL, Ecclesiastical, xxiv. 224. VILLANI, Filippo, Italian biographer, VIMIERO, Portugal, Battle of (1808),
VIGILANTIUS, early writer on super XXIV. 228.

XXIV. 495.
stitious practices, XXIV.

Giovanni, Italian chronicler, XXIV. | VINAGO, genus of birds, XIX. 85.
warning against monachism, XVI. 703. 227; XIII. 505; XX. 385.

VINCENNES, town, France, XXIV. 234.
VIGILIUS, pope, xxiv. 225; XIX. 493; Matteo, Italian historian, XXIV. town, Indiana, U.S.A., XXIV. 234.
his relations with Pope Pelagius I.,

228.

VINCENT, St, Spanish deacon · and
XVIII. 473.

VILLA NOVA DA GAIA, suburb of martyr, XXIV. 234.
VIGIL OF VENUS, Latin poem, xvIII. Oporto, Portugal, xvII. 795.

of Beauvais, mediæval encyclo-
683

VILLANUEVA, town, Mexico, XXIV. 761. pædist, XXIV. 235; VII. 192; XXI.
VIGNA, Pietro de la, or Pier delle DEL GRAO, town, Spain, xxiv.

427.
Vigne, Italian minister to Frederick 34.

of Lerins, St, ecclesiastical writer,
II., XXIV. 225; inventor of the sonnet, Villa PILAR, town, Paraguay, XVIII. XXIV. 236; VI. 562.
XXII. 262; XIII. 500.
244.

Alexandre Joseph Hidulphe, on
VIGNACOURT, Alof de, grand-master of Villa REAL, town, Portugal, xxIII. porisms, XIX. 520.
Knights Hospitallers, XXI. 175.
525.

George, English painter, xxiv.
VIGNE, Pier delle. See Vigna.

VILLA RICA, town, Paraguay, XVIII. 234.
VIGNEMALE, mountain, France, XX. 127.
244.

Thomas, Penn's discussion with,
VIGNETTE, in architecture, II. 475. VILLARS, Claude Louis Hector, Duc de, XVIII. 493.
VIGNOBLES, district, Neuchâtel, Switzer French general, XXIV. 228; IX. 581. William, on the early circum-
land, xvII. 361.
VILLARSITE, mineral, XVI. 415.

navigation of Africa, I. 245.

224; his

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VII. 293.

VINCENT DE PAUL, St, founder of the VIRAMAMUNI (Joseph Beschi), Italian | VISCHER, Theodor, on æsthetics, 1. 219.
Lazarites, XXIV. 236.

writer in Tamil, XXIII. 44.

VISCONTI, Milanese ruling family, XIII.
FERRER, St, Spanish preacher, VIRAVANALLUR, town, India, XXIII. 477; XVI. 291, 293.
XXIV. 236.
405.

Filippo Maria, duke of Milan, XIII.
VINCENTIUS (St Vincent), Spanish saint Virchow, Rudolf, on cellular pathology, 479.
and martyr, XXIV. 234.
XVIII. 361.

Gian Galeazzo, count of Pavia,
BELLOVACENSIS (Vincent of Beau- VIRGEN GORDA, island, West Indies, XIII. 478; XVIII. 438; as ruler in
vais), medieval encyclopædist, XXIV. XXIV. 261.

Siena, XXII. 41; tomb of, xxi. 569.
235; VIII. 192; XXI. 427.

VIRGIDEMIARUM SIXE BOOKEs, Bishop ViscOSITY, property of matter, VII. 801;
VINCI, Leonardo da, Italian painter and Hall's work, XI. 390.

VI. 311; XIX. 247; of gases, XVI. 618;
philosopher, XIV. 455; XIII. 508; XXI. VIRGIL (Publius Vergilius Maro), Roman XIX. 248; of solids, XXII. 598; mea-
437, 569.

poet, XXIV. 248; xx. 722; language surement of, XII. 459.
VINDELICI, ancient Alpine people, XX. and style of, xiv. 335; as representa- VISCOUNT, rank of nobility, xxiv. 261;
504.

tive of the Augustan age, III. 82; his XXIII. 418; in English peerage, XVIII.
VINDELICIA, Roman province, XXIV. connexion with Naples, XVII. 191;

464.
236; XX. 505.

commentaries on, xxi. 692; Gawain Viscum, genus of plants, xvi. 527;
VINDELICIAN ALPS, 1. 628.

Douglas's translation of, VII. 377; XVIII. 265.
VINDEX, Julius, his revolt against the Dryden's, VII. 492.

VISHNU, Hindu deity, IV. 207; worship
emperor Nero, XVII. 351.

Polydore, bishop of Bath and of, among Mahrattas, XV. 290.
VINDICIÆ GALLICÆ,
Mackintosh's Wells and historian, XXIV. 255.

VISHNUMAYA, daughter of Brahma, XIV.
book, xv. 160.

THE ENCHANTER, romance, XX. 19.
VINDICTA PRIVATA, in Roman law, xx. 641.

VISHNUVITES, tribe, India, xv. 185.
675.
VIRGILIA, genus of trees, 11. 320.

VISHTASPA, ancient Oriental sovereign,
VINDOBONA (Vienna), ancient Roman VIRGILIANÆ SORTES, Divination by, XXIV. 821.
town, XXIV. 222.

VISIBLE SPEECH, A. Melville Bell's, 1.
VINDOCINUM (Vendôme), ancient town, VIRGINAL, musical instrument, xix. 67. 608; XXII. 385.
France, XXIV. 138.

VIRGINIA, Roman maiden, Story of, v. VISIGOTHIC WRITING, XVIII. 156.
VINE, plant, XXIV. 236; in horticulture, 816.

VISIGOTHs, or West Goths, X. 848; in
XII. 277; culture of, for wine making, State, U.S.A., XXIV. 255; colony France, IX. 528; XIV. 287; invasion
XXIV. 602; cultivation, in Italy, XIII. of, xxIII. 729; Captain John Smith's of Roman empire by, xx. 780; their
451; in Madeira, xv. 178; of Zante, connexion with, xxII. 174; mineral conquest of Spain, XXII. 308; in time
XXIV. 767.
springs of, XVI. 436; newspapers, XVII.

of Theodosius I., XXIII. 257; code of,
VINEA, Petrus de, or Pietro de la Vigna, 434; opium cultivation, XVII. 792. IV, 262; XXI. 216.
minister of emperor Frederick II., — West. See West Virginia. Visin, Denis von, Russian dramatist,
XXIV. 225. See Vigna.

City, Nevada, U.S.A., XXIV. 261. XXI. 106.
VINEGAR, or Acetic Acid, xxiv. 240; VIRGINIAN NIGHTINGALE, bird, xi. Vision, xiv. 578; physical causes of,
making of, ix. 98.
209; XVII. 499.

VIII. 816; binocular, XXII.538; diseases
VINE-MILDEW, XVI. 294.

VIRGINIANS, The, by Thackeray, XXIII. of, xvII. 780; influence of, on nervous
VINERY, Garden, XII. 223.

216.

movements, XIX. 39; psychical relations
VINET, Alexandre Rodolphe, French VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS (1798), in of, viii. 826; Berkeley's theory of, 111.

critic and theologian, XXIV. 241; XXII. history of United States, xv. 183; 590; in bees, III. 487. See also Sight.
799.
XXIII. 756.

Poetic, xix. 263.
VINEYARDS, XXIV. 602; on the Rhine, VIRGIN ISLANDS, West Indies, xxiv. OF MIRZA, Addison's allegory, 1.

261.

149.
VINJE, A. O., Norwegian poet, XVII. Virgin MARTYR, The, Massinger's play, Visions, Mental, vii. 452.
591.

xv. 618.

Visitation, Feast of the, xv. 592.
VINLAND, seat of early settlement, North Virgin Mary, The, xv. 589.

Vison, genus of carnivorous mammals,
America, 1. 706.
VIRGINS, Eleven Thousand, of the

XVI. 474.
VINNITSA, town, Russia, XXIV. 241; Ursula legend, xxiv. 13.

VISPERED, part of Zend-Avesta, XXIV.
XIX. 254.

VIRIATHUS, Lusitanian chief, xxii. 306. 775.
VINTSCHGAU, district, Tyrol, Austria, VIRTUE, in ethics, VIII. 575; Aristotelian VISQUERT, Antonio, Spanish painter,
XXIII. 711.
doctrine of, 11. 517; Platonic, XIX. 196;

XXIII. 198.
Viol, musical instrument, XXIV. 242. Socratic, XXII. 237, 266; xix. 195; VISSCHER, Anna, Dutch poetess, XII.
VIOLA, genus of plants, XVIII. 214; Stoic doctrine of, xxII. 568.

93.
XXIV. 241.

VIRUNUM (Klagenfurt), ancient town, Roemer Pieterssen, Dutch writer,
VIOLET, plant, XXIV. 241; XII. 253. Austria, XIV. 107.
Violin, musical instrument, XXIV. 242. VISAKHADATTA, Hindu dramatist, XXI. Tesselschade, Dutch poetess, XII.
VIOLLET-LE-Duc, Eugène Emmanuel, 286.

93.
French architect, XXIV. 246.

VISAYAS, islands, Philippines, XVIII. VISTRITZA, river, Macedonia, XV. 137.
VIOLONCELLO,
musical instrument, 752.

VISTULA, river, Central Europe, III. 116,
XXIV. 245.

-, race of people, Philippine Islands, 294; XIX. 307; XX. 218.
VIOTTI, Giovanni Battista, Italian
XVIII. 753.

GOVERNMENTS, Russian official
violinist and composer, XXIV. 246. VISCERA, Thoracic, Anatomy of, 1. 899; designation of Poland, xix. 306.
VIPER, reptile, XXIV. 247; XXII. 193, XX. 475; abdominal, vii. 223; XVIII. VISVAMITRA, Indian sage, XII. 782.
199.

669; malformations of, xvI. 765. VITALE MICHIELI, doge of Venice,
VIPERA, genus of snakes, XX. 452; XXII. VISCHER, Peter, German artist, XVII. XXIV. 142.
193; XXIV. 247.
633; XXI. 565.

VITALIAN, Roman general, XIII. 791.

XX. 520.

XII. 93.

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