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56.

XIX. 507

XXI.

UNEARNED INCREMENT, in economics, 729 (index, 829); 1. 711; attitude of UNMANZ, German islet, Baltic Sea, XXI.
XIV. 267.

Chatham towards, XIX. 136; civil war
UNGARAN, town, Java, XIII. 606.

(1861–65), xiv. 659; Declaration of UNREASON, Abbot of, v. 704.
UNGRUND, in Boehme's philosophy, III. Independence, XIII. 614; architecture, UNSOUNDNESS OF Mind, in medical
853

II. 453; army, II. 619; banking, III. jurisprudence, xv. 780. See also In-
UNGUENTS, or Lubricants, in mechanics, 339; birds, III. 750; XVIII. 16; estab-

sanity.
XV. 34, 765.

lishments for the blind, 11. 830; | UNST, island, Shetland, Scotland, xvii.
UNGULATA, order of Mammalia, xv. census-taking, V. 338; Presbyterian 846.

421; sense of touch in, XXIII. 479. Church, xix. 697; Protestant Episco- | UNTER DEN LINDEN, street, Berlin, III.
UNGVAR, town, Hungary, XXIII. 724. pal Church, vill. 493; citizenship, 1, 594.
UNI, Etruscan goddess, XIII. 778.

576; coalfields, Vi. 6o; proportion of UNTERWALDEN, canton, Switzerland,
UNICORN, fabulous animal,

animal, XXIII. coloured people, XVII. 320; cotton XXIII. 858; XXII. 781.
725.

manufactures, Vi. 506; cotton supply, UNWIN, Mrs, friend of Cowper, vi.
in heraldry, XI. 702.

VI. 485; fisheries, ix. 267; forests, ix. 534.
Sea, cetacean mammal, xv. 398; 405; gold, x. 743; government, 1x. 62; UNYAMA, affluent of Nile, Africa, xvII.
XVII. 235.

XI. 14; immigration statistics, VIII. 506.
UNIFICATION, of moneys, XVI. 734. 177; Indian tribes, XII. 830; Jews, UNYORO, kingdom, Central Africa,
UNIFORMITY, Acts of, English, XIX. xin. 687; land laws, xiv. 265; lib XXIII. 859.
690; XXIII. 199.

raries, XIV. 534, 550; literature, I. 718; UNZHA, river, Russia, XXIV. 279.
UNIFORMS, Naval and Military, VI. 477; mines, XVI. 469; municipalities, XVII. UPANISHADS,

Hindu philosophical
of British navy, XVII. 295.

31; navy, XVII. 300; newspapers, XVII. writings, IV. 201; XXI, 273, 280;
UNIGENITUS, papal bull (1713), v. 822; 433; observatories, XVII. 715; oyster-

XXIV. 117.

culture, XVIII. 107, 109; periodical UPAS, fabled poison tree, XXIII. 859.
UNIMAK, volcano and island, Aleutian literature, xvIII. 544; police system, UPERNIVIK, district, Greenland, XI.
group, 1. 444, 480.

XIX. 341; post-office, XIX. 578; prison 171.
UNIO, genus of molluscs, xvII. 110. system, xix. 763; railways, xx. 253; UPHOLSTERY, IX. 847.
UNION JACK, British flag, IX. 278. slavery, XXII. 141; statutes, XXII. 471; UPLAND, Jak, Lollard verses of, xiv.
UNION OF CROWNS, of England and tobacco culture, xxIII. 424; univer-

811.
Scotland, XXI. 509.

sities, XX111.857; weights and measures, UPOLU, island, South Pacific, XVIL
UNION OF PARLIAMENTS, England and XXIV. 491; wine industry, xxiv. 611. 279.

Scotland, XVIII. 308; 518; UNITS, in physics, VII. 241, 582; electro- UPPER SIND FRONTIER, district, India,
Paterson's advocacy of, XVIII. 360; magnetic, XXIII. 116; of measurement, XXIII. 859.
Great Britain and Ireland, xiii. 271; XV. 668; of value, in currency, XVI. UPRAUDA, original name of emperor
XVIII. 308.
730; for weights and measures, xxiv.

Justinian I., XIII. 792.
UNIONS, Poor Law, XIX. 472.

478, 483

UPSALA, town, Sweden, XXIII. 860;
UNISON, of sounds, 1. 108; in music, UNITY, in philosophy, XVI. 81; XVIII. XXII. 744; assembly of (1593), XXII.
XVII. 78.

793; conception of, in psychology, xx. 748; barrow at Kings' Hows, III. 398;
UNIT, Standard, of value, in currency, 79; intuition of unity and complexity, library, xiv. 532; observatory, XVII.
XVI. 730. See Units.
in psychology, XX. 56.

714; university, XXIII. 842, 850,
UNITARIANISM, religious system, XXIII. UNIVERSALISM, theological doctrine, county, XXII. 741.
725; XIII. 671; theism of, XXIII. VIII. 538.

UPSAROKAS, American Indian tribe,
249.

UNIVERSALIST CHURCH, XXIII. 831. XII. 832.
UNITAS FRATRUM, Moravian UNIVERSAL METHOD, Adanson's bio- UPUPA, genus of birds, XII. 154.
Brethren (q.v.), xvi. 811.

logical classification, I. 144.

UR, ancient town, Chaldea, 111. 185.
UNITED BRETHREN

Christ, UNIVERSALS, in scholastic logic, XXI. URAL, river, Russia, XXI. 74.
American sect, XXIII. 726; XVI. 418; Albertus on, I. 454.

URAL-ALTAIC LANGUAGES, XXIV. 1;
192.

UNIVERSE, Elements of, according to XVIII. 779; dictionaries of, vii. 192.
UNITED BULGARIANS, in Church of ancients, V. 459.

URAL MOUNTAINS, Russia, xxiv. 3;
Rome, xx. 631.

The sidereal, Theories of, 11. 821; XVIII. 549; gold-mines of, x. 743.
UNITED EVANGELICAL CHURCH, Ger Herschel's, XI. 797; XVII. 311; Kant's, URALSK, province, Russia, xxiv. 6;
many, X. 469; xv. 86.
XIII. 847; Kepler's, XIV. 47.

town, XXIV. 7.
UNITED IRISHMEN, Insurrection of, UNIVERSITIES, XXIII. 831 (index, 858); URAN, town, India, XXIII. 221.
XIII. 271.

distinction between, and colleges, vi. URANIA, epithet of Aphrodite, 11. 171.
UNITED KINGDOM, The, of Great Britain 143; precedence of officers of, xix. Muse of astronomy, XVII. 74.
and Ireland, xxIII. 727; XI. 79.

668; English, origin and establishment URANIENBORG, Denmark, Observatory
UNITED METHODIST FREE CHURCHES, of, vill. 304, 317; European, vill. 711; of, XXII. 737

German, X. 471.

URANINITE, mineral, xvi. 386.
UNITED NEW NETHERLAND COM- UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, London, xiv. URANISTES, in French literature, ix.
PANY, XVII. 454.
835.

657.
UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, in UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, Oxford, xviii.

URANITE, mineral, xvi. 407.
Scotland, XXIII. 727; VIII, 528;

97.

URANIUM, metal, xxiv. 7; chemistry
IX. 746.

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS, VIII. 778. of, v. 542,
UNITED PROVINCES, of the Nether- UNKIAR SKELESSI, Treaty of (1833), URANOCIRCITE, mineral, XVI. 407.
lands, XII. 77, 80.

XXIII. 650.

URANOMETRIA, classification of magni-
UNITED SECESSION CHURCH, Scotland, UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY, in law, xx. 564. tudes of stars, xvIII. 840.
XXIII. 727.

UNLEAVENED BREAD, Feast of, Jewish, URANOPHANE, mineral, XVI. 425.
UNITED STATES, of America, XXIII.

XVIII. 343.

URANOSPINITE, mineral, xvi. 407.

or

IN

XVI. 192.

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II.

URANOTANTALITE, mineral, XVI. 427. URGINEA, genus of plants, XXII. 437. URUMIAH, or Urumiyah, town, Persia,
URANOTILE, mineral, XVI. 425. URI, canton, Switzerland, XXIV. II; XXIV, 12; XVII. 537; XVIII. 626, 628.
URANUS, in Greek mythology, xxiv. XXII. 781, 785; XXIII. 155.

Lake, Persia, xxiv. 12; III. 168;
7; XVII, 155; XXI. 320.

Bay of, Lake of Lucerne, Switzer XVIII. 626.
planet, II. 782, 812; discovery of, land, xv. 41.

URUP, one of the Kurile Islands, Asia,
by Sir W. Herschel, 11. 758; XI. 767; URIA, genus of birds, XI. 262.

XIV. 160.
as affected by tidal friction, XXIII. URIAGE, spa, France, XVI. 435.

URUS, primitive species of cattle, V. 245.
380.

URIC ACID, XXIV. 11; its presence in Peruvian tribe, XVIII. 676.
URAO, mineral, XVI. 399.

gout, xvIII. 388.

URUSHI, Japanese tree, XIII. 590.
URASINUS, or Ursinus, antipope, VI. URICONIUM (Wroxeter), Roman town, URUSITE, mineral, XVI. 402.
793.

England, XXI. 848.

URZHUM, town, Russia, xxiv. 303.
URATIC DIATHESIS, in pathology, XVIII. URINARY DISEASES, XXIV. 189. USBEGS, or Uzbegs (9.v.), Turkish
388.

URINARY ORGANS, of Amphibia, 1. 766; people, xxIII. 661.
URA-TUBE, town, Syr-Daria, Asia, of birds, 111. 727; of fishes, XII. 659; of UsBoi, valley, Transcaspian Region,
XXII. 821.

mammals, XV. 366; of reptiles, XX. 462. Russia, XXIII. 512.
URBAN I., St, pope, xxiv. 8.

URINE, XVII. 683; ammonia from, XVII. USCHBA, mountain, Caucasus, V. 253.
II., pope, xxiv. 8; IX. 537; XIX. 516; chemical properties of, xxiv. 10, USCOCCHI, Mediterranean pirates, XIII.
499; his dispute with William II. of

484.
England, Il. 91 ; his speech on the URMANS, Siberian marsh forests, XXIII. USE, in English law, xxIII. 596.
crusades, Vi. 623.

429.

USEDOM, island, Baltic Sea, XIX. 442.
III., pope, XXIV. 8.

URMIA, or Urumiah, town, Persia, xxiv. USEMBA, territory, Central Africa, v.
IV., pope, xxiv. 8; XIII. 475; XX. 12; XVII. 357; XVIII. 626, 628.

281.
797.

Lake, Persia, XXIV. 12; III. 168; | USHANT, island, France, xxiv. 16.
V., pope, xxiv. 8; XX. 802.
XVIII. 626.

USHER, or Ussher, James, archbishop of
VI., pope, xxiv. 8; IX. 548; XIX. URN, Cinerary, xix. 602, 623.

Armagh, xxiv. 16; his scheme of
502; XX. 803.

URNATELLA, genus of Polyzoa, XIX. 438. Presbyterian government, xix. 689.
VII., pope, XXIV.9.

URNBURIAL, Sir Thomas Browne's book, USHIWAYA, mission station, Tierra del
VIII., pope, XXIV. 9; IX. 568, IV. 389.

Fuego, XXIII. 384.
572; XIII. 483; xix. 506, 809. URNERSPIEL, play based on story of Tell, Usk, river, England and Wales, IV. 243;
URBANA, town, Ohio, U.S.A., XXIV. 9.

XXIII. 155.

XVI. 753.
URBAN COLLEGE, or Propaganda, Rome, UROCHORDA, division of Vertebrata, USKUDAR (Scutari), town, Turkey in
XIX. 809.
XXIV, 181, 186.

Asia, XXI. 573.
URBIBENTUM (Orvieto), ancient town, URODELA, group of Amphibia, 1. 751. USKUP, or Uskiub, town, Turkey, XXIV.
Italy, XVIII. 53.

UROMASTYX, genus of lizards, xiv.737. 17; XV. 137.
URBINO, town, Italy, XXIV. 9; XX. 274; UROMYS, genus of rodent mammals, USMAITEN, lake, Russia, VI. 515.
majolica ware of, xix. 627.

XVII. 6.

USMAN, town, Russia, XXIII. 41.
-, Duke of, patron of Tasso, xxIII. UROPELTIDÆ, family of snakes, xxII. USOLIE SALTWORKS, Russia, XVIII. 550;
76.
192.

XXII. U.
URBS VETUS (Orvieto), ancient town, UROSH, king of Servia, XXI. 688. USSES, river, France, XX. 528.
Italy, XVIII. 53.

URQUHART, Sir Thomas, Scottish writer, USTARIZ, Geronimo, Spanish economist,
URCHARD, or Urquhart, Sir Thomas, XXIV. 12.

XIX. 363.
Scottish writer, XXIV, 12.

URQUIZA, Justo José de, general of USTERI, Johann Martin, Swiss poet,
Urchin, or Hedgehog, XI. 610.

Argentine Republic, II. 491.

XXII. 798.
URDU LANGUAGE, India, XI. 840, URRACA, queen of Castile, xix. 540; USTILAGINEÆ, suborder of Fungi, ix.
847
XXII. 316.

831; parasitic forms, xvIII. 267.
UREA, component of urine, xx URSIDÆ, family of carnivorous mam USTRIALOFF, Russian historian, xxi.
V. 578; XVII. 516, 683.
mals, XV. 441.

108.
UREDINEÆ, suborder of Fungi, ix. 831; | URSINUS, antipopc, vi. 793.

UST-SAMARA, Cossack fortress, Russia,
parasitic forms, XVIII. 267.

Benjamin, German logarithmist, xvii. 609.
UREIDS, nitrogenous carbon compounds,

XIV. 774.

UST-SySolsk, town, Russia, xxiv. 283.
XVII. 519.

Zacharias, German theologian, UST-Urt, desert, Transcaspian Region,
URENGA MOUNTAINS, Russia, xxiv. XXIV. 13.

Russia, v. 177; XXIII. 512, 631.
4.

URSO (Osuna), ancient town, Spain, USTYUG VELIKIY, town, Russia, xxiv.
URES, town, Mexico, XVI. 214.

XVIII. 63.

283.
URFA (Edessa), town, Turkey in Asia, URSON, rodent mammal, xv. 420. USTYUZHNA, town, Russia, xvII. 607.
VII. 652.

URSULA, St, virgin and martyr, xxiv. USUCAPIO, in Roman law, XIX. 704;
URFÉ, Honoré d', French pastoral poet, 13.

xx. 690, 692.
XVIII. 346; XX. 659.

URSULINES, religious order, xxiv. 14; USUFRUCT, in Roman law, xx. 690.
URGA, town, Mongolia, XXIV. II.

XVI. 712.

USUGURU, lake island, Africa, XVII.
URGANJ, town, Central Asia, xiv. 62; URTICA, genus of plants, XVII. 360. 505.
XVI. 747; XVIII. 105.

URTICARIA, skin disease, xvII. 360; USUMACINTA, river, Guatemala, XI.
URGEL, Bishops of, rulers of Andorre, XXII. 122.

239.
II. 18.

URUGUAY, republic, South America, Usuri, river, Manchuria and Eastern
URGENTCH, or Urgenj, ancient kingdom, XXIV. 14; forests, IX. 406; news Siberia, xv. 466, 548.
Turkestan, xiv. 62; town, xiv. 62; papers, XVII. 437.

USURY, XXIV. 17.
XVI. 747; XVIII. 105.

affluent of River Plate, South | Usus, in Roman law, XXIII. 595.
New, town, Khiva, xiv. 64.

America, xix. 188; XXIV. 14. UTAH, Territory, U.S.A., XXIV. 19;

V. 10;

IIO.

mines of, xxIII. 815; Mormon settle- | VACCINATION, xxiv. 23; XXII. 164; | VALDESSO (Juan de Valdes), Spanish
ment of, xvi. 827.

discovery of, XIII. 623; laws relating religious writer, XXIV. 32; XXII. 360.
UTAKAMAND, town, India, XVII. 509. to, XV. 797

VAL DE TRAVERS, valley, Switzerland,
UTE, genus of sponges, XXII. 414. VACCINIUM, genus of plants, xxiv. XVII. 361; asphalt of, for paving, 11.
UTEN, Egyptian measure, XXIV. 485, 556.

716; XX. 586.
486.

VACOA, or Vacois, tree of Mauritius, VALDEZ, or Waldo, Peter, founder of the
UTERINE APPENDAGES, Removal of, XV. 641.

Waldenses, XXIV. 323.
in surgery, xxII. 691.

VACUUM, Production of, xix. 246; 1. | VALDIVIA, province, Chili, v. 617.
UTES, American-Indian tribe, XII. 832. 429; electrical test of, xix. 247; Torri- VALÉE, Silvain Charles, Comte de,
UTHONG, Siamese ruler, XXI. 854. cellian, III. 381.

French general, 1. 568.
UTICA, ancient town, Africa, XXIV. 21; Vacz, town, Hungary, xxiv. 30. VALENCE, town, France, xxiv. 33; uni-
XIV. 551.

VADER ISLANDS, Sweden, XXII. 737. versity, xxIII. 842.
town, New York, U.S.A., XXIV. 21. VADUZ, lordship and town, Germany, VALENCIA, province, Spain, XXIV. 33;
UTILITARIANISM, ethical theory, VIII. XIV. 568.

XXII. 298.
606; as the foundation of law, xiv. VAGA, Perino del (Perino Buonaccorsi), town, Spain, XXIV. 33; libraries
355; Bentham's, III. 576; Cumber Italian painter, XXIV. 30.

of, xiv. 549.
land's, vi. 702; John Stuart Mill's, VAGABONDS, Laws relating to, I. 298; town, Venezuela, XXIV. 34.
XVI. 313.

XIX. 463, 468.

VALENCIENNES, town, France, XXIV.
UTILITY, in economics, XXIV. 46; wealth VAGARSHAPAD, town, Transcaucasia, 35.
defined as based on, XXIV. 461.
Russia, XXIII. 515.

A., French ichthyologist, XII. 633.
not an essential in the fine arts, VAGRANCY, in English law, XIX. 463, VALENCINIA, genus of worms, xvii.
IX. 197, 211.
468; 1. 298.

326.
UT MINE STROMTID, Reuter's novel, | VAGUS, in nervous system, XIX. 29. VALENCY, or Combining Power, of
XX. 495.

VAIGATCH ISLAND, Arctic Ocean, XVII. chemical elements, V. 473.
UTOPIA, Sir Thomas More's work, vi. 604.

VALENS, emperor of the East, XXIV. 35;
212; xvi. 819.
VAILLANT, François Le, on birds, XVIII.

XX. 779.
UTRECHT, province, Holland, XXIV. 21. & II.

VALENTIA, Roman province, Britain,
town, Holland, xxiv. 21; congress Vair, in heraldry, xi. 691.

XVIII. 411.
of (1712), VI. 270; peace of (1713), Guillaume du, French jurist and (Valencia), ancient town, Spain,
III. 126, 269; Vill. 353; IX. 583; XII. writer, XXIV. 31.

XXIV. 34.
81; XXII. 336; union of (1579), xii. VAISE, suburb of Lyons, France, xv. COLONIA JULIA (Valence), ancient
77; XXIV. 583; libraries, xiv. 532;

town, France, XXIV. 33.
observatory, XVII. 715; university, VAISHNAVAS, or Bhagats, their teaching, VALENTINE, St, XXIV. 36.
XXIII. 850.

and influence on Hindi literature, XI. George Sand's, VII. 509.
UTRERA, town, Spain, xxiv. 22; XXI. 844.

AND ORSON, romance, xx. 653,
708.
Vaison, town, France, XXIV. 114.

659.
UTRICULARIA, genus of insectivorous VAISYARS, or Vaisyas, Hindu caste, VALENTINEITE, mineral, xvi. 388.
plants, XIII. 138.

IV. 203, 204; V. 188; XII. 746. VALENTINI, Michael B., on birds, XVIII.
U-TSANG, region, Tibet, XXIII. 340. VAKHSH, river, Central Asia, XII. 3. 7.
UTTARAMIMANSA, system of Hindu | VALABHIS, Indian dynasty, XII. 790. VALENTINIAN I., emperor of the West,
philosophy, xxiv. 117.

VALACHIANS, Walachians, or Vlachs, XXIV. 36; XX. 779.
UTVÆR, island, Norway, XVII. 576. people, South-Eastern Europe, XXI. II., emperor of the West, xxiv. 36;
UVEA, island, South Pacific, XV. 30. 16; XXIV. 268.

XX. 779; his contentions with Am-
UVULA, Anatomy of the, I. 837. VALAIS, canton, Switzerland, XXIV. 31;

brose, 1. 663-
UXBRIDGE, town, England, xxiv. 22. XXII. 785.

III., emperor of the West, xxiv.
Earl of, at Waterloo, II. 31. VALAMO, monastery, Finland, xxiv. 37; XX. 780; edict or decree of, xiv.
UXMAL, ancient town, Central America,

209.

448; XIX. 492.
XXIV. 758; ruins at, 1. 693; XVI. 214. VALBENOITE, Abbey of, at St Étienne, LAW OF CITATIONS, in Roman
UYUK (Euyuk), village and ruins, Tur France, XXI. 168.

law, XX. 711.
key in Asia, Vill. 724.

VALCKENAER, L. G., Dutch scholar, VALENTINIANS, ancient theological
Uz, of Scripture, XXIV. 22.

XXI. 57

school, xxiv. 38; XIX. 415.
UZBEGS, or Uzbeks, Ural-Altaic people, VALDAI, town, Russia, xvII. 607. VALENTINUS, St, xxiv. 36.

XXIII. 661; IV. 1; IX. 85; XII. 3; XIV. VALDEMAR II., king of Denmark, vii. ; pope, XXIV. 40.
64; XVI. 749; XVIII. 101; XXIII. 636; 84.

early Christian theologian, XXIV.
origin of the name, XII. 607.

III., of Denmark, vii. 85; XI. 450. 37; X. 703; his influence on Neo-
UZBEK KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 747; | VALDENSES, or Waldenses (q.v.), re platonism, xvii. 335.
XII. 607.

ligious sect, XXIV. 322.

VALERA, Juan, Spanish novelist, XXII.
UZEN, river, Russia, XXI. 74.

VALDEPEÑAS, town, Spain, xxiv. 32; 362.
UZUN HASAN, shah of Persia, xvIII. wine of, xxiv. 607.

Valeria, Roman province, Pannonia,
632.

VALDERREDIBLE, town, Spain, XXI. XVIII. 213
297.

VALERIAN, plant, XXIV. 40.
VAL DE RUZ, valley, Switzerland, xvii. Law, Roman, xx. 736.
the twenty-second letter of the 361.

VALERIANUS, Publius Licinius (Va-
VALDES, inquisitor-general, his rules for lerian), Roman emperor, xxiv. 41; in
VAAGö, islands, Norway, xiv. 769. torture, XXIII. 463.

Mesopotamia, xviii. 608.
VAAL, river, South Africa, XXIII. 517.

Juan de,

de, Spanish religious VALÉRIE, Madame Krüdener's work,
VACCINAL ULCER, XXIV. 26.

writer, xxiv. 32; XXII. 360, 361.

XIV. 149.

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V, 'alphabet, XXIV. 23.

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VALERIO-HORATIAN LAW, Roman, XX. | VALPY, A. J., his editions of the classics, | VAN DER HELST, Bartholomæus, Dutch
737,
III. 657

painter, xi. 641.
VALERIUS, Lockhart's novel, xiv. 763. VALRHEIN, mountain, Switzerland, 1.. VAN DER HEYDEN, Jan, Dutch painter,
Publius, Roman consul, XXIV. 41. 621; XXIII. 351.

XI. 784.
ANTIAS, Roman historian, Xiv. Vals, spa, France, XXIV. 45; XVI. 435. VAN DER MEER, Jan, Dutch painter
729.

VALSALVA, Antonio Maria, Italian ana XV. 824.
DIOCLETIANUS, or Diocletian (q.v.), tomist, 1. 813; XV. 815.

VAN DER PALM, Johannes Henricus,
Roman emperor, VII. 244.

VALSERINE, river, France, xx. 528. Dutch historian, XII. 97.
FLACCUS, Caius, Roman poet, ix. VALS-LES-BAINS, spa, France, XXIV. VAN DER WEYDEN, Roger (c. 1400-64),
274; XX. 726.
45; XVI. 435.

Flemish painter, XXI. 439, 443; his
MAXIMUS, Latin writer, XXIV. 41. VALTELLINA, district, North Italy, connexion with Memling, xv. 846.
VAL-ÈS-DUNES, Battle of (1047), XVII. XXIV. 45; XXII. 791, 794.

VAN DER WEYDEN, Roger (1450-1529),
543.

VALUE, in economics, XXIV. 45; in rela Flemish painter, XXI. 439, 443.
VALETTA, town, Malta, XXIV. 42; XV. tion to wealth, XXIV. 461; socialistic VANDEVELDE, Adrian, Dutch painter,
340; siege of (1565), XXI. 174.

views of, XXII.211; Marx on, XXII. 211. XXIV. 59.
VALETTE, John La, grand-master of See also article Political Economy.

William, Dutch painter, xxiv. 59.
Knights Hospitallers, XXI. 174. VALUIKI, town, Russia, XXIV. 298. VAN-DIEMENS-LAND, or Tasmania
VALI, Turkish governor, XXIII. 654. VALVATA, genus of snails, XXII. 188. (q.v.), island, Australasia, XXIII. 72.
Valki, town, Russia, xiv. 57.

VALVES, VALVE-MOTIONS, in steam- VAN Dyck, Sir Anthony, Flemish
VALLA, George, his De Expetendis et engine, xxii. 501.

painter, XXIV. 59.
Fugiendis Rebus, VIII. 193.

of the heart, I. 900; XXIV. 98; of VANDYKE BROWN, pigment, xix. 88.
Lorenzo or Laurentius, Italian the veins, l. 905; XXIV: 103.

VANE, in architecture, II. 475.
scholar, XXIV. 42; XX. 323.

VALVULAR DISEASE, of the heart, XI. Sir Henry, English Parliamen-
VALLADOLID, province, Spain, XXIV.42. 553

tarian, XXIV. 65.
town, Spain, XXIV. 43; university, VAMÇAVALI, Nepalese chronicle, xvii. VANELLUS, genus of birds, XIV. 308.
XXIII. 839, 851.

344.

VANESSA (Esther Vanhomrigh), friend
(Morelia), town, Michoacan de VAMPIRE, bat, XXIV. 52; 111. 432; VII.62;

of Dean Swift, XXII. 765; III. 590.
Ocampo, Mexico, XVI. 820.

XV. 415; sense of touch in, xxIII. 479. VAN Eyck, Hubert Flemish painter,
town, Yucatan, Mexico, xxiv. 43, VAMPYRELLA, genus of Protozoa, xix. VIII. 814.
758.

839.

VAN EYCK, Jan, Flemish painter, VIII.
VALLANDIGHAM, Clement L., political | VAN, town, Asiatic Turkey, xxiv. 53; 815; XXI. 438.
agitator, U.S.A., XIV. 661.

province, XXIII. 653.

VAN GOYEN, Jan Josephszoon, Dutch
VALLE, Pietro della, Italian traveller, Lake, Asiatic Turkey, xxiv. 53; painter, XI. 23.
XXIV. 43

XIV. 222; XXIII. 654.

VAN HAREN, Onno Zwier, Dutch poet,
Crucis, abbey, Wales, XIV. 741. VANADINE BRONZITE, mineral, xvi. XII. 96.
DE PIELAGOS, town, Spain, XXI. 416.

VAN HAREN, Willem, Dutch poet, XII.
297.
VANADINITE, mineral, XVI. 407.

96.
VALLEJO, town, California, U.S.A., VANADIUM, chemical element, xxiv. VAN HELMONT, Jean Baptiste, Belgian
XXIV. 44.
54; V. 539; in iron, XIII. 284.

mystic and alchemist, XI. 638; 1. 467;
VALLETTA, town, Malta, XXIV. 42; XV. VAN ALPHEN, Hieronymus, Dutch V. 460; XV. 810.
340; siege of (1565), XXI. 174.

writer, XII. 97

VANHOMRIGH, Esther, Dean Swift's
VAL LEVENTINA, district, Switzerland, VANBRUGH, Sir John, English dramatist Vanessa, XXII. 765; her bequest to
XXII. 785; XXIII. 351.

and architect, xxiv. 54; II. 443; VII. Berkeley, III. 590.
VALLEY FIELD, town, Canada, xx. 167. 436.

VANIKORO, island, Santa Cruz, Pacific,
VALLEY FORGE, U.S.A., Washington's VAN BUREN, Martin, president of the

XVII. 395.
strategic position at, XXIV. 389.

United States, XXIV. 56; XIII. 766. VANILLA, spice, XXIV. 66.
VALLEY OF DEATH, Asia Minor, xxiv. VANCOŮVER, George, English navigator, Vanillin, principle in vanilla, v. 573;
399.
XXIV. 56; X. 190.

XXIV. 66; as perfume, XVIII. 526.
VALLOMBROSA, Order of, monastic ISLAND, British Columbia, xxiv. VANINI, Lucilio, Italian pantheist, xxiv.
society, XVI. 708.
57; its mineral wealth, vi. 169.

67.
VALLS, town, Spain, XXIV. 44.

VAN CUELEN, Ludolph, mathematician, VANITY FAIR, Thackeray's novel, XXIII.
VALMIKI, Brahman poet, XXI. 280.

215.
VALMy, Duke of (Kellermann), French VANDALS, Teutonic people, xxiv. 58; VANITY OF HUMAN WISHES, by John-
marshal, xiv. 29.
XX. 780; in Spain, XXII. 308.

son, XIII. 723.
Valois, House of, French dynasty, ix. VANDALUS (Vistula), river, Russian VANLOO, Charles Andrew, Italian
545; its connexion with Capet family, Poland, xix. 307.

painter, xxiv. 68.
VAN DEN BOSCH, Johannes, governor John Baptist, French painter,
- Adrian de, French historiographer, of Dutch East Indies, XII. 820; XIII. XXIV. 68.
1. 784.
604.

VAN MINE, Montgomeryshire, Wales,
Félix de, abbot of Trinitarians, VAN DEN ENDE, Franz, Dutch physi-

XVI. 453.
XXIII. 574.

cian and teacher, XXII. 400.

VANNEO, Stefano, Italian musician,
VALONA (Avlona), town, Albania, III. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY, at Nash XVII. 84.
157.

ville, Tennessee, U.S.A., XVII. 236. VANNES, town, France, XXIV. 68.
VALONIA, tanning material, xl. 88; xiv. VAN DER GOES, Hugo, Flemish painter, VAN NOORT, Adam, Flemish painter,
382; XVII. 694.
X. 721.

XXI. 41.
VALPARAISO, town, Chili, xxiv. 44; | VAN DER GOES, Jan, Dutch poet, II. VANNUCCHI (Andrea del Sarto), Italian
province, v. 617.
138; XII. 95.

painter, XXI. 315.

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XXII. 434.

V. 55.

835;

42.

VANNUCCI, Pietro (Perugino), Italian VARNHAGEN VON ENSE, Karl August, | VATATZES, John III., emperor of Nicæa,
painter, XVIII. 680.
German biographer, XXIV. 91.

XIII. 713.
VAN NUYSSEN, Abraham Janssens, VARNISH, xxiv. 91; copal, vi. 342; | VATÉ, island, New Hebrides, XVII. 395.
Flemish painter, XIII. 568.

Japanese, XIII. 590, 592; painter's, VATHY, town, Ithaca, Greece, XIII. 517.
VANOZZA, Rosa, mistress of Rodrigo XVIII. 138; for violins, XXIV. 246. ; town, Samos, Ægean Sea, xxi.
Borgia (Pope Alexander VI.), 1. 487. VÄRö, island, Norway, XIV. 769.

250.
VAN TILBORGH, Egidius, Flemish VAROLI, Constantio, Italian anatomist, VATICAN COUNCIL, XXIV. 110.
painter, XXIII. 175.

1. 809.

VATICAN LIBRARY, at Rome, xiv. 528,
VAN TWILLER, Wouter, director, New VARRO, Marcus Terentius, Roman man 548; Oriental MSS. of, 11. 728.

Netherland, America, XVII. 454. of letters, xxiv. 92 ; xx. 719; his VATICAN PALACE, Rome, XX.
VANUA LEVU, one of the Fiji Islands, chronology of Rome, v. 710; his Raphael's paintings in, XX. 277.
IX. 156.

economic teaching, xix. 350; his VATICANUS, Codex, MS. of New Testa-
VAN VEEN, Heemskerk, Dutch painter, language and style, xiv. 334.

ment, 111. 646; xviii. 147.
XI. 611.

Publius Terentius, Roman poet, VATKE, on the Pentateuch, xvIII. 508.
VAN VEEN, Otto, Flemish painter, XXI.

XXIV. 94.

VATOPEDE, convent on Mount Athos,
41.

VARRONIANUS, Donaldson's work, vii. Turkey, I. II.
VAPINCUM (Gap), ancient town, France, 357.

VATTEL, Emer de, Swiss jurist, xxiv.
X. 72.

VARTHEMA, Ludovico

di,

Italian 113; on the balance of power, III.
VAPOUR, laws of its formation, viii. traveller, X. 179.

267.
727; limits of elasticity of, vii. 801; VARTRY, river, Ireland, XXIV. 557. VATTELUTTU, Tamil alphabet, XXIII.
amount of aqueous, in atmosphere, III. VARUNA, Vedic god, iv. 208; XVI. 530.
32; XVI. 138; instrument for measur VARUS, P. Quintilius, Roman general, VAUBAN, Sebastien Le Prestre de, French
ing, XII. 569; Deville's dissociation
X. 475.

marshal, XXIV. 113; as military
experiments with, XXI. 166; as steam, VARVICITE, mineral, xvi. 387.

engineer, ix. 578; on fortification,
XXII. 483; determination of vapour- VASA, Gustavus, king of Sweden, XI. IX. 441, 444; as political economist,
density, V. 547; volcanic vapours, X. 333; XXII. 747.

XIX. 359.

Duke Charles, regent of Sweden, VAUBERNIER, Marie Jeanne
241.

de
BATHS, III, 410.
XXII. 748.

(Madame Du Barry), mistress of
VAPOURS, The, disease, XII. 598. VASARHELY, Hodmező, town, Hungary, Louis XV., VII. 494.
VAR, department, France, xxiv. 68.

XII. 41.

VAUBOIS, Comte de, French general, his
VARANGIANS, Scandinavian guards, at Maros, town, Transylvania, xv. defence of Malta (1798), xv. 343.
Constantinople, XI. 116.

562.

VAUCHAMPS, France, Battle of (1814),
VARASD, town, Austria, xxiv. 69; VASARI, Giorgio, Italian painter and XVII. 221.
fr. ntier generalate, XVI. 295.

writer on art, XXIV. 94.

VAUCLUSE, department, France, xxiv.
VARDANES, Parthian king, xvIII. 601. Vasco, Giambattista, Italian economist, 114.
VARDAR, Iron Gate of the, pass, Mace XIX. 362.

Petrarch's retreat, XXIV. 114 ;
donia, XV. 137.

DA GAMA, Portuguese navigator, XVIII. 707, 708.
VARDHAMANA, leader of the Jains, X. 57, 181; XII. 796; XIX. 545; doub- VAUD, canton, Switzerland, xxiv. 114;
India, XIII. 543.
ling of Cape of Good Hope by, V. 44.

XXII. 793
VAREN, Bernhard (Varenius), German VASCULAR SYSTEM, or Organs of Circu Pays de, district of medieval
geographer, XXIV. 69.

lation, xxiv. 95; I. 899; xix. 16; in Switzerland, xxiv. 115.
VARIA, Sabine town, Italy, XXI. 129. Amphibia, I. 763; in birds, 11. 726; VAUDEVILLE, variety of French drama,
VARIABLE, Complex, in mathematics, in Crustacea, VI. 640; in fishes, XII. VII. 427; XVIII. 215.
XXIV. 69.

658; in mammals, XV. 364; in reptiles, VAUDOIS, or Waldenses (q.v.), religious
VARIATION, Magnetic, XV. 220.

XX. 459.

sect, Xxiv. 323.
AND SELECTION, in biology, xxiv. VASES, Ancient, xix. 605, 608, 614; VAUGHAN, Henry, Welsh poet, xxiv.
76, 818; 1. 87; VIII. 750.

gold and silver, xix. 178; painted, 115.
VARIATIONS, Calculus of, xxiv. 85; early Greek, II. 353, 359, 364; Corin ; Thomas,

Welsh writer and
Lagrange's contributions to, XIV. 207. thian, II. 348; Etruscan, VIII. 641, alchemist, xxiv. 116.
VARICOSE VEINS, XXII. 684.
644; Greek, designs on, vii. 448.

Sir William, his Golden Fleece,
VARIETY, Hamilton's Law of, in psy- VASHISHTHA, Brahmanic sage, XII. 782. 1. 720.
chology, XX. 49.

Vasilii IVANOVICH, sovereign of Russia, Vault, in architecture, II. 426, 430.
VARINA (Miss Waring), object of Dean

XXI. 91.

VAULTING, in gymnastics, XI. 35.
Swift's attentions, XXII. 765.
VASILIKA, village, Greece, XXII. 32.

Groined, in architecture, II. 465.
VARINUS of Camers, Italian scholar, VASILIKI, village, Santa Maura, Ionian VAUQUELIN, Louis Nicolas, French
XI. 238.
Islands, XXI. 297.

chemist, XXIV. 116; on the com-
VARIOLA, disease, XXII. 162.

VASILKOFF, town, Russia, XXIV. 110. position of alum, I. 644; his patronage
VARISCITE, mineral, XVI. 405.

VASSAL, in feudal system, xiv. 114; of Thénard, XXIII. 251.
VARIUS AVITUS (Heliogabalus), Roman tenure of land by, in England, xiv. VAUQUELINITE, mineral, xvi. 403.
emperor, XI. 632.

264.

VAUVENARGUES, Luc de Clapiers,
VARLEY, Cornelius, English painter, VASSAR COLLEGE, at Poughkeepsie, Marquis de, French moralist, xxiv.
XXIV. 90.
New York, U.S.A., XIX. 644.

116; ix. 670.
-John, English painter, xxiv. 90. VASSEUR, Thérèse le, mistress of Rous- Vaux, Clotilde de, her relations with
VARLEY'S TELEGRAPHIC INSULATOR, seau, XXI. 24.

Comte, VI. 233.
XXIII. 114.
VASTO, town, Italy, XXIV. 110.

VAVAU, island, South Pacific, ix. 779.
VARNA, town, Bulgaria, XXIV. 90; battle VAS-VARMEGYE (Eisenburg), county, VAVAVATO, district, Madagascar, xv.
of (1444), xix. 289; XXI!I. 642.
Hungary, VII. 790.

168.

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