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VI. 457

TROITSK, monastery, Russia, XXI. 676. TROUS-DE-LOUP, in fortification, IX. 431. See also articles Belief and
town, Russia, XXIII. 584; XVII. 424.

Scepticism.
826; XVIII. 515.

TROUSERS, worn by Roman soldiers, TRUTHS, The Four Great, of Buddhism,
TROITZE-SERGHIEVSK, town, Russia,

IV. 428.
XXI. 675.

TROUT, fish, xii. 693; XXI. 221, 225; TRUVOR, Russian chief, xxi. 87.
TROKI, town, Russia, XXIV. 234.

angling for, II. 41.

TRUXILLO, town, Honduras, xii. 130.
TROLLHÄTTAN, waterfall, Sweden, XXII. TROUVILLE, town, France, XXIII. 589. town, Peru, XVIII. 674.
737.
TROVER, in law, XXIII. 589.

TRYGON, genus of fishes, XX. 299.
TROLLOPE, Anthony, English novelist, TROWBRIDGE, town, England, xxIII. TRYOLITE, mineral, XVI. 406.
XXIII. 585.

589.

Tryon, William, governor of North
Frances, English authoress, xxi. Troy, ancient town, Asia Minor, XXIII. Carolina, U.S.A., XVII. 562; XXIII.
585.

577; coins of, xvii. 646; of the Iliad, 739.
TROMBIDIIDÆ, or Trombidides, family XII. 117; Schliemann's researches, II. Trypho, Syrian usurper, XIII. 423.
of mites, II. 276; XVI. 528.
341.

the Jew, Justin Martyr's dialogue
TROMBONE, musical instrument, xxIII. town, New York, U.S.A., XXIII. with, XIII. 790.
586.

590.

TRYPOGRAPH, for manifold writing,
TROMLITZ, George, improver of Ger West, town, New York, U.S.A., XXIV. 698.
man flute, XXIII. 520.

XXIV. 517.

TRYPSIN, alimentary secretion, xvII.
TROMÖEN, island, Norway, XVII. 576. Legend of, romance, xx. 637. 671; XIX. 18.
TROMP, Cornelius, Dutch admiral, xxIII. Jean François de, French painter, TRYPSINOGEN, alimentary secretion,
588.
XXIII. 590.

XIX. 18.
Martin Harpertzoon, Dutch ad-TROYES, town, France, XXIII. 590 ; | TSANA, Lake, Abyssinia, XVII. 507.
miral, xxIII. 587; XII. 80; his naval treaty of (1420), viii. 320; IX. 549; TSAR, or Czar, title, xxi. 92.
action with Blake, III. 804.
libraries, xiv. 526, 546.

TSARITSYN, town, Russia, xxIII, 600;
TROMPE, water blowing engine, III. TROY WEIGHT, II. 533.

XXI. 305.
551.

TRUBTCHEVSK, town, Russia, xvII. 826. TSARITZYNO PARK, Moscow, Russia,
TROMSÖ, town, Norway, XXIII. 588. TRUCE, Military, XXIII. 531.

XVI. 859.
TRONA, mineral, xvi. 399.

of GOD, XXIII. 590; IX. 537. TSARSKOYE SELO, town, Russia, xxIII.
TRONDHJEM, town, Norway, XXIII. TRUCHAS, mountain, New Mexico, 600; XXI. 194.
321.
U.S.A., XVII. 399.

TSCHENSTOCHOW (Czenstochova), Old
TROODOS, Mount, Cyprus, VI. 747. TRUCKEE, river and lake, Nevada, and New, towns, Poland, vi. 754.
TROON, town, Scotland, 111. 163.

U.S.A., XVII. 367.

TSCHEWKINITE, mineral, XVI. 426.
TROOP HORSE, XII. 191.
TRUCKS, Railway, XX. 247.

TSCHUDI, distinguished Swiss family,
TROOSTITE, mineral, XVI. 411.
TRUCK SYSTEM, of wages payments,

XXIII. 601.
TROPARION, in Greek hymnody, xii. XIV. 172.

Giles, or Ægidius, Swiss historian,
580.

TRUE DISCOURSE, Celsus's work, v. XXIII. 600; XXII. 797.
TROPHONIUS, Oracle of, in Greece, XVII. 295.

John Henry, Swiss historian,
808.
TRUE HISTORY, Lucian's, XV. 43.

XXIII. 601; XXII. 798.
TROPIC-BIRD, XXIII. 588.

TRUE INTELLECTUAL SYSTEM, Cud John James, Swiss family historian,
TROPICS, or Solstices, II. 770; X. 199. worth's work, vi. 689.

XXIII. 601; XXII. 798.
TROPIDONOTUS, genus of snakes, xxii. | TRUFFLE, edible fungus, xxIII. 591. TSE-NAN Foo, town, China, XXIII. 601;
194.

TRUJILLO, or Truxillo, town, Peru, v. 633.
TROPIDORHYNCHUS, genus of birds, XVIII. 674.

TSERCLAES, Johann, count of Tilly,
XVII. 844; mimicry in, xvi. 341. TRUMBULL, distinguished American imperial general, XXIII. 391; III. 125;
TROPPAU, town, Austria, XXIII. 588; family, XXIII. 592.

congress of (1820), xvi. 201; district, John, American writer, XXIII. TSETSE FLY, XXIII. 601, 518; I. 260;
XXII. 53.
592; I. 722.

VII. 256.
TROTMAN'S ANCHOR, 11. 6.

TRUMP, old card game, xxiv. 543. TSE-WANG ARABTAN, Kalmuk khan,
TROTMUNDE (Dortmund), town, Ger- | TRUMPET, musical instrument, xxIII. XVI. 746.
many, Vil. 374.

592.

TSHAKA, or Chaka, Zulu chief, xxiv.
TROTTING, horse racing, XII. 203,

Organ, xvII. 830.

828; XVII. 242.
204.

Speaking and Hearing, XXIII. 594. TSHAKONES, Greek race, XI. 84.
TROTULA, female physician, Middle TRUMPETER, or Trumpet-Bird, xxi. Tshi, tribe and language, Gold Coast,
Ages, xv. 806.
594.

Africa, X. 756.
TROTZENDORF, Valentin Friedland, TRUNDLES, in mechanics, xv. 759. TSIRIBIHINA, river, Madagascar, xv.
German teacher, XXIII. 588.

TRUNK-HOSE, in mediæval costume, 169.
TROUBADOURS, mediæval minstrels, VII.

TsI-TSI-HAR, province, Manchuria, xv.
413; XVI. 479; XVII. 83; xix. 873; | TRURO, town, England, xxIII. 595. 466.
XX. 642; poetry of, xix. 873; early Truss, in surgery, XI. 753.

TSIT-TOUNG, river, Burmah, XXI. 849;
French, ix. 646; in Portugal, xix. TRUSSES, in bridge-building, iv. 315, XXIII. 486.
555.

321.

TSIU-TSUAN-TSIUN, town, China, XXII.
TROUGHTON, Edward, English instru- Trust, in law, xxIII. 595.

617.
ment maker, XXIII. 589; his filar ASSOCIATIONS, III. 328.

TSNA, river, Russia, XXI. 115; XXIV.
micrometer, XVI. 243; his method of TRUSTEE, in law, XXIII. 597.

279.
graduating scales, XI. 28.

TRUTH, Cartesian criterion of, v. 143; | TSONGKAPA, Buddhist reformer, xiv.
TROU MADAME, bagatelle game, III. Condillac's, VI. 250; scholastic theory 229.
230.

of the twofold nature of, xxI. 382, TSUGARU STRAITS, Japan, XIII. 570.

X. 500.

VI. 471.

II.

Tsushima, island, Japan, XIII. 569. TUDOR, House of, English dynasty, v. TUMLOOK (Tamluk), town, India, xvi.
Tu, region, North Central Africa, XXIII. 237; XI. 662; XIV. 257.

284.
334.

Edmund, Tomb of, xxi. 160. TUMLUNG, town, India, XXII. 51.
TUAM, town, Ireland, xxIII. 601; X. Owen, ancestor of House of Tudor, TUMMEL, Loch, Scotland, xiv. 217;
56.
V. 237; VIII. 328.

XVIII. 665.
TUAMOTU ARCHIPELAGO, group of TUFF, or Tufa, volcanic stone, X. 239; TUMOURS, XVIII. 367, 371, 379, 382, 402;

coral islands, South Pacific, XXIII. as building material in ancient Rome, surgical operations on, XXII. 687.
602, 22.

XX. 808.

TUMULI, ancient burial-places, II. 384;
TUARICKS, or Tuaregs, race of people, TÜFFER, spa, Styria, Austria, XXII. 614. III. 397; of ancient America, I. 692;

North Africa, I. 261, 268; XXI. 151. TUGENDBUND, Prussian association, XX. at Carnac, France, v. 118.
Tuat, oasis, Africa, XVII. 695.

Tun, town, Persia, xvIII. 627.
TUATHA DE DANANN, early Irislı tribe, TUGGARAH, Lake, New South Wales, TUNBRIDGE, town, England, XXIII.
V. 299; in Irish legend, XIII. 243. XVII. 408.

606.
TUATHAL, Irish king, XIII. 245.

TUGHLAK, Mahommed, sovereign of WELLS, town, England, XXIII.
TUBA, Roman trumpet, XXIII. 592.

Delhi, India, XII. 608, 793-

607; mineral water of, XVI. 434.
TUBAL-Cain, of Scripture, XIV. 238.

TIMUR, of Kashgar, XXIII. 399. TUNDAH (Tanda), town, India, xviii.
TUBBUS, or Tabas, town, Persia, xvIII. | Tui, bird, XII. 139.

72.
627.

TUILERIES, palace, at Paris, XVIII. TUNDRAS, sterile regions, Russia, XIX.
TUBE-MAKING, of brass, IV. 218.
276.

328; XXI. 67, 75, 77; XXII. 2.
TUBER, of plants, XIX. 593; XX. 423. TUKE, Sir Brian, first English post- TUNES, Hymn, xvII. 85.
, genus of Fungi, XXIII. 591.
master, XIX. 562.

TUNG-Chow, town, China, XXIII. 607.
TUBERACEÆ, suborder of Fungi, ix. Henry, English ethical writer, TUNG-KING, or Tong-King, French
834.
XXIII. 604.

colony, Eastern Asia, XXIII. 439; Vi.
TUBERCULAR DISEASE, XVIII. 405, Samuel, English philanthropist, 93.
855.

XXIII. 604.

TUNGSTATES, salts of tungsten, XXIII.
TUBERCULOSIS, cattle disease, XXIV. William, English philanthropist, 607; XVI. 403.
204.

XXIII. 604.

TUNGSTEN, chemical element, xxIII.
TUBEROSE, plant, XXIII. 602.

TU-Kiv, Turkish race of people, XXIII. 607; V. 541; in iron, XIII. 284; in
TUBILUSTRIA, Roman festival, XXIV. 659.

steel, XIII. 352.
301.

Tula, government, Russia, xxIII. 604; TUNGSTIC ACID, XXIII. 608.
TUBINARES, group of birds, XVIII. 45, town, XXIII. 605.

TUNGSTITE, mineral, XVI. 388.
712.

TULARE, Lake, California, U.S.A., iv. TUNG-TING, lake, China, v. 632.
TÜBINGEN, town, Würtemberg, xxIII. 697.

TUNGURAGUA, mountain, Ecuador, VII.
602; library, xiv. 547; university, | TULCHA, town, Roumania, VII. 309. 645.
XXIII. 842.

TULCHAN BISHOPS, in Scottish history, TUNGUSES, North Asiatic people, XXIII.
SCHOOL, Modern, of theology, III. VIII. 489; XIX. 680.

608; XV. 548; XXII. 9.
447; their criticism of the Acts, I. 127; TULIP, plant, XXIII. 605; XII. 253, 259. TUNGUSIC LANGUAGE, XXIV. 1.

their theory of the Gospels, III. 643. TREE, 11. 320; XV. 283; of United TUNGUSKA,or Tunguzka, rivers, Siberia,
TUBULARIA, genus of Hydrozoa, XII. States, XXIII. 808.

XXII. 5; XXIV. 742.
547.

Wood, xx. 852.

TUNGZORUN, mountain, Caucasus, V.
TUBUS (Tibbus), nomad race, North TULL, Jethro, his system of husbandry, 253.
Africa, XXIII. 334; I. 261, 268; XVIII.

TUNIC, ecclesiastical vestment, VI. 462.
318, 319; XXII. 278.

TULLE, town, France, XXIII. 605. TUNICA, Roman article of dress, VI.
TUCKER, Abraham, English moralist, textile fabric, xxIII. 606.

456.
XXIIL 603.

TULLIANUM, ancient building, at Rome, TUNICATA, group of animals, XXIII.
-H. H., on the morality of Negroes, XX. 814

609; II. 53; XXIV. 186; embryology
XVII. 317.

TULLIN, Christian Braumann, Norse of, XX. 419; reproduction of, xx.
Josiah, dean of Gloucester, political poet, XVII. 590.

409; recognized as Vertebrata, xxiv.
economist, XXIII. 604; XIX. 365. TULLOCH, John, Scottish divine, XXIII. 179.
TUCKERMANN, Henry T., American

606.

TUNING FORK, XXIII. 619; I. 113, 117;
essayist, I. 724.

TULLOCHGORUM, Skinner's song, XXII. XVII. 106.
TUCKERNUCK, island, Massachusetts, 124.

TUNIS, regency, North Africa, xxIII.
U.S.A., XVII. 174.

TULLUM (Toul), ancient town, France, 619; 1. 265; conquest of, by the Turks
TUCKER'S LOCKS, XIV. 747.
XXIII. 483.

XXIII. 644; town, XXIII. 621.
TUCKEY, James Hingston, explorer of TULLUS HOSTILIUS, king of Rome, TUNKERS, American sect of Baptists,
the river Congo, I. 246; X. 192.
XXIII. 606; XX. 733.

VII. 543.
TUCO-Tuco, rodent manimal, xvii. Tulou, Jean Louis, French improver of TUNNELLING, XXIII. 622.
353.

the flute, XXIII. 521.

TUNNELS, Railway, XX. 233.
TUCSON, town, Arizona, U.S.A., XXII. | TULSI-DAs, Hindi writer, Xi. 846. TUNNY, fish, XXIII. 625.
604.

TULTCHIN, town, Russia, xix. 254. TUNSTALL, town, England, xxIII. 625.
TUCUMAN, town, Argentine Republic, TULUNIDS, Moslem dynasty, XVI. 586. - Marmaduke, on British birds,
XXIII. 604.

TUMBOYONKON, mountain, North Bor XVIII. 9.
TUDELA, town, Spain, XXIII. 604.

neo, XXI. 123.

TUPAC AMARU, Insurrection of, in Bol.
TUDER (Todi), ancient town, Italy, TUMBREL, instrument of punishment, ivia, iv. 17.
XXIII. 724.

XIX 96.

TUPAIA, genus of insectivorous mam-
TUDMIR (Palmyra), town, Asiatic TUMEDS, Mongol tribes, XVI. 744.

mals, XV. 402.
Turkey, xvIII. 198.

TUMKUR, district, India, XXIII, 606. TUPUNGATO, mountain, Chili, v. 616.

1. 299.

XIII. 549.

XXIII.

TUR, Jebel al-, mountains, Sinai, Arabia, in, XIII. 686; newspapers, xvii. 432; | TURONES, ancient Gallic people, XXIII.
XXII. 88.

opium cultivation, XVII. 788; railways, 491.
TURA, river, Siberia, xxIII. 429.

XX. 252; weights and measures, XXIV. TURPENTINE, Oleo-resin, XXIII. 669.
TURACUS, genus of birds, XXIII. 487. 490. See also Turks.

crude, xx. 852; from the larch, xiv.
TURANIAN, meaning of the word, xxIII. TURKEY, bird, xxIII. 657; xix. 646. 310; from the pine, xix. 104; Stras-
625.

CORN, maize, xv. 309.

burg, IX. 225; Venice, xiv. 310.
LANGUAGES, XXIV. I; XVIII. 779. TURKEY-RED, in lyeing, iv. 688; VII. TURPIN, archbishop of Rheims, legend-
TURATEYA, district, Celebes, V. 288. 576.

ary chronicler, xxIII. 669; XX. 626;
TURBARY, Common of, right of cutting TURKEY SPONGE, XXII. 423.

chronicle of, xx. 650.
turf, vi. 209.
TURKI LANGUAGE, XXIII. 661.

TURQUOISE, precious stone, XXIII. 669;
TURBAT-1-HAIDARI, town, Persia, XVIII.
TURKISH BATHS, III. 437.

XVI. 405.
627.

TURKISH LANGUAGE, XXIII. 661; xxiv. TURRECREMATA, Johannes de (Torque-
TURBELLARIANS, group of worms, XVII.

1; dictionaries of, vii. 189.

mada), cardinal, xxIII. 452.
326; xix. 170.

TURKISH LITERATURE, XXIII. 655. TURRETIN, Genevan theologians (Benoît,
TURBINE, water-wheel, XII. 438, 524; | TURKISTAN, or Turkestan (q.v.), xxIII. François, and Jean Alphonse), xx111.
steam, XXII. 517.
631.

670.
TURBOT, fish, xxIII. 625; XII. 692. TURKMANS, peoples, Asia, xxIII. 660, TURRET-SHIELD, in fortification, ix.
TURCARET, Le Sage's drama, XIV. 472. 661. See Turcomans.

453.
TURCILINGI, Germanic tribes, XVII. Turks, race of people, xxIII. 658; their TURRET-SHIPS, XVII. 285.
726.

first appearance in history, XVIII. TURSHIZ, district, Persia, xvIII. 627.
TURCOMANIA, regions of Asia, XVI. 42; 582; early history of, xvi. 584; first TURSIO, cetacean mammal, xv. 399.
XXIII. 512.

contact of, with the Persian empire, TURTLE, chelonian reptile, XX. 441,
TURCOMANS, peoples, Asia, xxIII. 660, XVIII. 613; in Africa, l. 262; their 445; XXIII. 455.
661; XIV. 64; of Asia Minor, 11. 712; of occupation of Arabia, 11. 260; in TURTLE-DOVE, VII. 380.
Persia, xviii. 627, 632; of Turkestan, Athens, III. 10; invasion of Austria by, TURUNCHUK, river, Russia, vii. 306.
XXIII. 636.

III. 126; invasion of Europe by (1683), TUSCANY, territorial division, Italy,
TURCO-TATAR LANGUAGE, XXIII. 661. XIX. 296; their attack on Vienna XXIII. 670; under the Medici, xv.
TURDETANIA (Tartessus), ancient dis (1683), xiv. 466; in Walachia, XXI. 789; Siena annexed to, XXII. 43;
trict, Spain, xvIII. 806.

16, 18. See also Seljuks and Turkey. dialect of, xill. 496; straw-plaiting
TURDIDÆ, group of birds, xviii. 47; TURK'S-CAP CACTUS, IV. 625.

industry of, XXII. 593.
their relation to Sylviidæ, xxiv. 366. TURK'S ISLANDS, West Indies, 111. 236; TUSCIA, ancient division, Italy, xxIII.
TURDUS, genus of birds, xvIII. 74; XX.

671.
318; XXIII. 322.
TURMERIC, tuberous root,

TUSCULUM, ancient town, Italy, xxIII.
TURENNE, Vicomte de, French marshal, 662.

671; XIV. 344; bath at, 111. 435; water-
XXIII. 626; IX. 571.
TURNBULL'S BLUE, pigment, XX. 24.

works at, 11. 219.
TURFAU, oasis, Turkestan, xxIII. 639. TURNER, Charles, English engraver, TUSIDDE, mountain, Sahara, Africa,
TURGAI, province and town, Central XXIII. 662.

XXII. 149.
Asia, xxIII. 627.

Joseph Mallord William, English TUSKS, Ivory from, XIII. 520; of
TURGENIEFF, Ivan, Russian novelist, painter, XXIII. 663; XXI. 441.

elephant, xv. 350.
XXIII. 488; xxi. 108.

William, on birds, xvIII. 3. TUSSAC (or TUSSOCK) GRASS, 1. 378; IX.
TURGES, legendary king of Ireland, TURNERITE, mineral, XVI. 403.

15.
XIII. 251.

TURNERS' TOOLS, XIV. 323; XV. 154. TUSSER, Thomas, English poet, xxIII.
TURGITE, mineral, XVI. 387.

TURNHOUT, town, Belgium, XXIII. 672; on husbandry, I. 296.
TURgot, Anne Robert Jacques, Marquis 668.

Tussur, silkworm, XXII. 60; silk from,
de l'Aulne, French economist and TURNING LATHE, XIV. 323.

XII. 752.
statesman, xxIII. 627; IX. 594, 667; PIECES, in mechanics, XV. 755. TUTELA (Tudela), ancient town, Spain,
XIX. 361.
TURNIP BEETLE, I. 367.

XXIII. 604.
TURGUTS, or Torgod, Mongol tribe, iv. TURNIP-CUTTER, I. 326.

TUTICORIN, town, India, XXIII. 405.
710; XVI. 745, 749.

TURNIP-FLY, or Turnip-Flea, XXIII. TUTIORISM, in casuistry, xiv. 636.
TURIN, town, Italy, XXIII. 630; academy,

668; VI. 134.

TUTOR, in law, XIII. 1, 3; in relation to
1.70; libraries, XIV. 530, 548; observa- | TURNIP-PULPER, 1. 327.

women's rights, XXIV. 638; in Roman
tory, XVII. 713; pictures, XXI. 447. TURNIPS, agricultural root-crop, 1. 303, law, xx. 672, 688.
TURINSK, town, Russia, XVIII. 550. 365, 383; diseases of, 1. 367; garden TUTTLE'S COMET, VI. 193.
town, Tobolsk, Siberia, XXIII. vegetable, XII. 288.

TUTUILA, island, South Pacific, XVII.
430.
TURNIP SAW-FLY, XXI. 343.

279.
TURKA, spa, Eastern Siberia, XXIII. TURNIP-SEED, 1. 383.

TUTUL-Xius, people of Yucatan, I.
510.
TURNIP-THINNER, I. 321.

705.
TURKESTAN, East and West, Central | TURNIX, genus of birds, XX. 147. Tuy, town, Spain, xix. 455.

Asia, XXIII. 631; 1. 241 ; 11. 680; TURNOR, Hatton, his Astra Castra, TUYERES, in blast-furnaces, XIII. 304.
XVIII. 101; XXII. 820.

207.

TUZLAH, salt lake, Asia Minor, II. 704.
TURKEY, XXIII. 640; oppression of the TURNPIKE, road, XI. 811; tolls levied TVER, government and town, Russia,
Greeks by, XI. 122; wars with Persia, on, XXIII. 436.

XXIII. 672.
XVIII. 635, 636, 648; plague in, XIX. TURNSOLE, plant, XI. 633.

TWAITE SHAD, fish, xxi. 726.
167; wars with Russia, XVII. 485; XXI. TURNSTONE, bird, xxIII. 668.

TWARDOWSKI, Samuel, Polish poet,
101; conquest of Servia by, XXI. 689; TURN-TABLE, Railway, XX. 238.

XIX. 302.
contests with Venice, XXIV. 7; TUROLD, Anglo-Norman writer, viII. TWA-TU-TIA, town, Formosa, China, ix.
army, 11. 617; carpets, v. 129; Jews 407

417.

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XX. 541.

XII. 44.

120.

Tweed, river, Scotland, XXIII. 673; | TYLER, John, president of the United | TYRCONNEL, Earls of (the O'Donnells),
XVIII. 451; XXI. 33.
States, XXIII. 674, 766.

XIII. 262.
William M., mayor of New York, Miss, guardian of Robert Southey, Richard Talbot, earl of, Irish states-
XVII. 463.
XXII. 290.

man, XIII. 268.
TWEEDDALE, district, Scotland, xviII. Wat, Insurrection of, viii. 319; TYRE, town, Phænicia, XXIII. 710;
451.

XVIII. 804, 807, 809; coins of, xvII.
TWEEDMOUTH, town, England, 111. 610. TYLOPODA, group of ungulate mammals, 650; siege and destruction of, by Alex-
TWEED RING, New York, XXIII. 783. XIV. 738; XV. 430.

ander, I. 482; XVIII. 582.
TWEEDS, variety of cloth, xxiv. 662. TYLOR, Edward B., on aninism, II. 55;

Era of, v. 715.
TWELFTH DAY, or Epiphany, viii. 483.

his theory of mythology, XVII. 143. TYRITE, mineral, XVI. 427.
TWELFTH Night, Shakespeare's play, Tym, river, Saghalin, Asia, xxi. 147. TYRO, mother of Pelias, xvIII. 474.
XXI. 764.

TYMPANUM, of human ear, 1. 892. TYROGLYPHIDÆ, family of mites, xvI.
TWELVE LABOURS, of Hercules, XI. in architecture, Il. 475.

528.
726.

TYNDALE, William, translator of English | TYROL, province, Austria, xxIII. 711;
TWELVE PATRIARCHS, Testaments of Bible, XXIII. 675; VIII. 384; his XX. 504; insurrection of, under Hofer,
the, II. 180.

relations with Luther, vill. 374.
TWELVE PEERS, of France, XVIII. 468. TYNDALL, John, on motion of glaciers, TYROLESE ALPS, 1. 629, 630.
TWELVE TABLES, in Roman law, xiv. X. 630; his experiments on magnetic TYRONE, county, Ireland, xxIII. 712.
328; XX. 678, 737.
crystals, XV. 266.

Earl of, XIII. 262.
TWENTY-FOUR PARGANAS, district, TYNE, river, England, xx111. 675; XVII. TYROPEON, valley, at Jerusalem, XIII.
India, XXIII. 673.

565; improvement works of, xx. 578. 637, 641.
TWESTEN, August D. C., German writer TYNEMOUTH, town, England, xxIII. TYRREL, Sir James, keeper of Tower
on logic, xiv. 800.
675.

of London, VII. 685.
TWICE TOLD TALES, Hawthorne's work, TYNWALD, Court of, Isle of Man, xv. TYRRHENIA, or Etruria (q.v.), vill. 633.
XI. 537

452.

TYRSENUS, mythic king of Lydia, xv.99.
TWICKENHAM, town, England, xxIII. Type, in biological classification, xx. TYRTÆUS, Greek elegiac poet, XXIII.
673; Pope's residence at, xix. 485. 421.

713.
Twilight, XXIII. 674; 11. 770; X. 200, Printing, XXII. 681, 692, 694, TYTHERLY, England, Owen’s community
205.
697; for the blind, III. 827.

at, XVIII. 88.
TWILLER, Wouter van, director, New TYPE-FOUNDING, XXIII. 699, 709; TYTHING MAN, early English magis-
Netherland, America, XVII. 454.

Baskerville's experiments in, III. 421. trate, XV. 217
TWILL WEAVING, XXIV. 464.

TYPE-PRINTING TELEGRAPH, XXIII. TYTLER, Alexander Fraser, Lord Wood.
Twin CRYSTALS, XVI. 363.

houselee, Scottish judge, XXIII. 713.
TWINE MANUFACTURE, XX. 845. TYPE-SETTING MACHINES, XXIII. 700.

James, first British aeronaut, I. 190;
TWIN MONSTERS, XVI. 765.

TYPE-WRITING MACHINES, XXIV. 698. contributor to 2d edition of Encyclo-
Twist, Action of a, in mechanics, xv. | TYPHLOPIDÆ, family of snakes, xxII. pædia Britannica, I. 190; VIII. 200.
743.
192.

Patrick Fraser, Scottish historian,
TOBACCO, XXIII. 426.

TYPHOEUS, of Greek mythology, xxII. XXIII. 714.
TWITE, bird, XIV. 675.
676.

William, Scottish historian and
Two GENTLEMEN OF VERONA, Shake- TYPHOID FEVER, XXIII. 678; XVIII. antiquary, XXIII. 714.
speare's play, xxi. 763.

403; in the horse, XXIV. 203.

TYUKALINSK, town, Tobolsk, Siberia,
Two-HEADED EAGLE, of Russia, xxi. TYPHON, of Greek mythology, XXIII. XXIII. 430.
91.
676; VII. 717.

TYUMEN, town, Siberia, XXIII. 714.
Two-HEADED NIGHTINGALE, female TYPHOON, hurricane, 11. 690; XVI. 154; TZARSKOYE SELO, town, Russia, XXII.
monsters, XVI. 766.
XXIII. 676.

600; XXI. 194.
Two Sicilies, kingdom of Europe, XIII. TYPHUS FEVER, XXIII. 676, 680; XVIII. TZERINI, town, Cyprus, vi. 748.

478; XXII. 28; Norman conquest of, 403; quarantine laws of, xx. 156. TZETZES, Joannes, Byzantine writer,
XIII. 470.
TYPO-ETCHING PROCESS, XXIII. 704.

XXIII. 714; XI. 145.
Two THOUSAND GUINEAS, English TYPOGRAPHIC ETCHING, for printing,
horse-race, XII. 202.

XXIII. 704.
Ty, or Tyr, Scandinavian divinity, 1. TYPOGRAPHY, or Printing, xxIII. 681; the twenty-first letter of the

early English, xiv. 705; knowledge
TYANA, ancient town, Asia Minor, v. 75. of, necessary to the bibliographer, 111. UAT, or Uati, Egyptian divinity, iv.
TYANITIS, region, Asia Minor, v. 75. 653

590; VII. 718.
TYARD, Pontus de, French poet, xx. TYPUS, of Constans IJ., in Monothelite UAUA, Nilotic tribes, Africa, xvII. 612.
841.

controversy, XVI. 758; xv. 582. UBANGI, affluent of the Congo, Africa,
TYBURN, brook, London, xiv. 818. TYR, Scandinavian divinity, I. 211. XXIV. 764.
TYCHO BRAHE, Danish astronomer, iv. TYRANNUS, genus of birds, xiv. 80. UBASHA KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 745.
200. See Brahe.

Maximus III., Roman emperor, UBEDA, town, Spain, XXIII. 715.
TYCHONIC SOLAR SYSTEM, II. 777. XV. 645.

UBERTI, Fazio degli, Italian writer,
TYCOON, Japanese ruler, XIII. 584.

(Edipus, Sophocles's drama, XXII.

XIII. 505.
TYDÆA, genus of plants, XII. 266.

273.

UBON, river, Cambodia, Asia, xv. 832.
TYKOCIN, town, Russia, xiv. 817. TYRANNY, form of government, XI. 11. UCAYALE, or Ucayali, head stream of
TYLDESLEY WITH SHAKERLEY, town, TYRANTS, Greek rulers, XI. 94.

Amazon, South America, 1. 654; XVIII.
England, xxIII. 674.

TYRAS (Dniester), river, Russia, VII. 306. 672.
TYLENCHUS SCANDENS, wheat pest, TYRCONNEL, Co of, Austrian general, UCCELLO, Pizzo d', mountain, Italy,
XXIV. 536.
XVII. 727.

XIII. 438.

XXV. - 57

TYPOGRAPHY, or Printing, XXIII, 681: U, 'alphabet, XXIII. 715.

211.

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UCHATIUS PROCESS, of steel-making, 686; vaccinal, xxiv. 26; treatment of division, district, and town, India, 1.
XIII. 347.
ulceration, XXII. 683.

655; XX. 109.
UDAIPUR, state, India, xxIII. 716; V. ULDIN, Hunnic chief, XII. 381.

UMBELLIFERONE, crystalline product
768; xx. 260; town, XXIII. 716. ULDSHEITU KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. of sumbal, xxII. 641.
UDAL, kind of land tenure, xxIII. 716. 742.

UMBER, mineral and pigment, XVI. 425;
UDALL, Nicholas, English comedian, ULEÅBORG, province, Finland, ix. 217. XIX. 88.
XXIII. 716; VIII. 416.

ULEMA, Moslem clergy, XXII. 660; XIX. UMBILICAL VESICLE, of mammals, xv.
UDDU, province of Uganda, Africa, 730; XXIII. 654.

369.
XXIII. 717.

ULENBURGH, Saskia van, wife of UMBILICANIMI, sect of Greek Church,
UDENHEIM(Philippsburg), town, Baden,

Rembrandt, XX. 374.

XI. 782.
XVIII. 754.

ULEX, genus of shrubs, IX. 851. UMBRELLA, XXIII. 722; earliest use of,
UDINE, town, Italy, XXIII. 716. ULEXITE, mineral, xvi. 396.

in England, XI. 453.
UDINIANS, Caucasian tribe, XIV. 475. ULFILAS, or Ulfila, bishop of the genus of Mollusca, XVI. 655.
UDOLPHO, Mysteries of, Mrs Radcliffe's Goths, xxIII. 719; X. 849, 852; his UMBRELLA-TREE, XV. 283.
novel, xx. 211.

modifications of the Greek alphabet, UMBRIA, district, Italy, XXIII. 723;
UDOMETER, rain gauge, XX. 256.

1. 613.

XIII. 496; its school of painting, XXI.
UEA, island, South Pacific, xv. 30. ULLAGE, in gauging, XVI. 28.

435, 442.
UEBERWEG, Friedrich, German philo- ULLMANNITE, mineral, XVI. 391. UMBRIAN DIALECT, of Latin, XX. 661.
sopher, XXIII. 716.

ULLOA, Alonso de, on oppression of the UMBRIANS, ancient Italian people, XIII.
UFA, government and town, Russia, Indians, I. 709.

444; XXIII. 723.
XXIII. 717.

ULLSWATER, Lake, England, vi. 699; UMBRO-SABELLIAN LANGUAGE, Xiv.
river, Russia, XXIV. 279.
XXIV. 513.

327.
UFFIZI GALLERY, Florence, IX. 332; ULM, town, Würtemberg, XXIII. 720; UMGENI, river, Natal, Africa, XVII.
XXI. 446.

wood-carving in cathedral, xxiv. 649; 240.
UGANDA, country, Central Africa, XXIII. capitulation of (1805), III. 132; XVII. UMIAK, Eskimo boat, viii. 545.
717.

209.

UMILIATI, trading fraternity, in Milan,
UGERNUM (Beaucaire), Roman town, Ulmus, genus of trees, VIII. 151.

XVI. 292.
France, III. 467.

ULPIANUS, Domitius (Ulpian), Roman UM Keis, village, Syria, X. 4.
UGINGO, lake island, Africa, XVII. 505. jurist, XXIII. 721; XIII. 793; his life-UMKOMANZI, river, Natal, Africa, XVII.
UGLITCH, town, Russia, XXIII. 718. annuity table, II. 79.

240.
UGRA, river, Russia, XXIV. 279. ULRICA ELEONORE, queen of Sweden, UMMERAPOORA (Amarapura), town,
UGRIAN LANGUAGE, XXIV. I; XVIII.

XXII. 751.

Burmah, 653; III. 144.
779; dictionaries of, vii. 188.

ULRICH I., duke of Würtemberg, xxiv. UMM RABI, river, Morocco, XVI. 832.
UGRIANS, Ural-Altaic people, ix. 219; 702.

UMPQUA, river, Oregon, U.S.A., XVII.
XIV. 59; XXI. 78.

ULRICI, Hermann, German philosopher, 822.
UGRIAN STRAIT, Nova Zembla, xvII. XXIII. 721; on the categories, V. 225. UMRITSIR, or Umritzur (Amritsar),
604.

ULSTER, province, Ireland, XIII. 215; district and town, India, I. 777; XX.
UGRI BIELII, or Khazars (q.v.), xiv. early Scotic conquest of, XIII. 246;

109, 110.
59.

plantation of, XIII. 266; land custom UMZIMKULU, river, Natal, Africa, XVII.
UGRO-SAMOYEDES, race of people, Si in, XIV. 276.

240.
beria, xxII. 11.

Annals of, Irish chronicle, v. UNANUE, Hipolito, Peruvian physicist,
UGURS, or Uigurs (q.v.), XXIII. 659. 307.

XVIII. 675.
UHLAND, Johann Ludwig, German poet, KING-AT-ARMS, XI. 688.

UNAO, district, India, XXIII. 724.
XXIII. 718; X. 543.

ULTRAMARINE, pigment, XXIII. 721; UNAU, sloth of Brazil, XXII. 162.
UIGURS, Turkish people, XXII. II; XIV. 300; XIX. 87.

UNCIAL WRITING, Greek, XVIII. 145;
XXIII. 659; XXIV. I.

ULTRAMONTANISM, Roman Catholic Latin, XVIII. 152.
UINTAH MOUNTAINS, U.S.A., XXIII. movement, VI. 241; XVII. 754. UNCOMPAHGRE MOUNTAINS, U.S.A.,
796; XXIV. 19.
ULUA, river, Honduras, XII. 130.

XXIII. 796.
Uist, North and South, islands, Scot ULUGH BEG, Mirza Mohammed ben UNCONDITIONED, Philosophy of the,
land, xi. 607.

Shah Rok, Persian astronomer, XXIII. Hamilton's, XI. 418.
UJE, district, Bornu, Central Africa, iv. 722; II. 751; XVIII. 632; his tables of UNCTION, Extreme, sacrament, Church
61.
Eastern geography, X. 178.

of Rome, vill. 813.
UJIJI, town, Central Africa, XXIII. 719, ULU-KEM, river, Mongolia, XXII. 5. UNDERCLIFF, town, Isle of Wight,
46; XXIV. 763.

ULVERSTON, town, England, XXI!. England, xxiv. 562.
UJJAIN, town, India, xxIII. 719; XV. 722.

UNDERGROUND RAILWAYS, XX. 239.
346.

ULVö, island, Norway, xiv. 769. UNDERSTANDING, distinction between
UKEREWE, lake island, Africa, XVII. ULWAR (Alwar), state, India, ì. 649; it and sense, XX. 75; Jacobi's theory
504.
XX. 260.

of, XIII. 537
UKRAINE, district, Russia, XXIII. 719. ULYSSES, in Greck legend, XVII. 729.

Essay on the Human, Locke's, xiv.
School, of poets, in Polish litera- ULYSSIPPO, ancient name of Lisbon, 756, 757.
ture, XIX. 304.
xiv. 693.

Treatise on the Human, Hume's,
UKRAINIANS, or Little Russians, xxi. UMAN, town, Russia, XXIII. 722.

XII. 351.
78.

UMARKOT, town, India, xxIII. 221. UNDERWRITERS, marine insurers, XIII.
UKRAYNA, district, Russia, xvII. 826. UMATILLA, river, Oregon, U.S.A., XVII. 184; at Lloyd's, XIV. 741.
ULAI, river, Persia, XXII. 722.

822.

UNDINE, Fouque's book, ix. 487.
ULCER, in pathology, XVIII. 366; of the UMAYO, Lake, Peru, xvIII. 673. UNDULATORY THEORY, of light, XIV.

stomach, XXII. 575; syphilitic, XXII. UMBALLA, or Umballah (Ambala), 603; XXIV. 421.

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