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434; VII. 34; his history of the Druids, | TOMBS, Ancient American, 11. 452; | TONNERRE, town, France, XXIV. 746. VII. 478.

Chinese, 11. 449; ancient Egyptian, TÖNNISTEIN, spa, Germany, XVI. 435. TOLEDO, province, Spain, XXIII. 435. II. 387; VII. 781; Etruscan, 11. 414; | TONOMETER, Scheibler's, XXIII. 619.

town, Spain, XXIII. 435; cathedral, Etruscan rock-hewn, v. 215; Greek, TONQUA BEAN, XXIII. 433; III. 461. II. 433; councils of, xxII. 308; mas 11. 412; Jewish, 11. 393; Persian, II. TONQUIN (Tong-King), French colony, sacre of (807), XXII. 310.

399; Pompeian, XIX. 450; Roman, Eastern Asia, XXIII. 439; VI. 93. town, Ohio, U.S.A., XXIII. 436. 11. 419; XX. 831.

Tons, river, India, XXII. 98. Francisco de, viceroy of Peru, OF THE CALIPHs, at Cairo, XVI. TONSILLITIs, disease, xxIII. 320. XVIII. 677.

865.

TONSILS, Anatomy of the, 1. 837; VII, Juan Bautista de, Spanish architect, TOMEK, Vaclaff Vladivoj, Bohemian VIII. 540. historian, XXII. 153.

TONSURE, Roman Catholic rite, XXIII. TOLENTINO, Italy, Treaty of (1797), | Tomi, ancient town, at mouth of

443. XVII. 197

Danube, Ovid at, xvIII. 80.

Tonti, Lorenzo, inventor of tontine TOLERATION, Locke on, XIV. 755, Tomich, Pere, Catalan writer, XXII. 364. insurance, XXIII. 444. 756; VIII. 352.

TOMILLARES, regions, Spain, XXII. 297. TONTINE, system of life insurance, Act, English, viII. 352; XX. 149; TOMINI BAY, Celebes, V. 287.

XXIII. 444; IX. 181.
XXIII. 199.
TOMIÑO, town, Spain, XIX. 455.

ANNUITIES, State, XVII. 244.
TOLFA, Italy, Manufactory of alum at, Tom JONES, Fielding's novel, VIII. 430; TONTY, Henri de, French explorer, XIV.
1. 645.
IX. 146.

318. ToLI MONASTIR, town, Turkish Rou. Tomline, George Pretyman, Pitt's Tooke, John Horne, English politician melia, XVI. 719. tutor, XIX. 135.

and philologer, xxIII. 444; on British TOLISTOBOGII, tribe, Asia Minor, X. 18. TOMLINE'S OBSERVATORY, Orwell Park, finance, 1x. 188. TOLKAPPIYAM, Tamil grammar, XXIII. England, XVII. 711.

TOOLBRUNUP, mountain, Western Aus43.

TOMMASEO, Niccolo, on St Catherine of tralia, XXIV. 507. Toll, in law, XXIII. 436.

Siena's letters, V. 232.

TOOLOON, Mosque of, at Cairo, Egypt, AND THEAM, Cinque Port right, TOMMASI, Giugurta, Sienese historian, II. 446. V. 786.

XXII. 43.

Tools, their early irse, vill. 617; hand, TOLLENDAL, Baron de (Count de Lally), TOMMYSHOPS, for supply of goods to XI. 436; machine, xv. 152; mining, French general, XIV. 226; XII. 800. labourers, XIV. 172.

XVI. 444; turners', XIV. 324. TOLLENS, Hendrik, Dutch poet, XII. TOMPA, Mihaly, Hungarian poet, XXIII. | TOOMKOOR, district and town, India, 97. 437; XII. 378.

XXIII. 606. TOLLENSER SEE, lake, Prussia, xvII. TOMSK, government, Siberia, XXIII. Toon, or Tun, town, Persia, xvIII. 627. 360.

437; town, XXIII. 439.

TOON-GYEEN, river, Siam, XXI. 850. TOLLY, Michael Barclay de, Russian Tom THUMB, dwarf, vii. 568.

TOORBUT HYDEREE (Turbat-i-Haidari), general, ill. 370; XVII. 217. Tom-Tom, Indian drum, VII. 479.

town, Persia, xvIII. 627. TOLLY'S NALA, canal, India, XXIII. TONATiuh, Mexican deity, XVI. 211. TOORSHEEZ (Turshiz), district and town, 673.

TONBRIDGE, town, England, xxIII. 606. Persia, xvIII. 627. TOLO BAY, Celebes, V. 287.

TONE, Theobald Wolfe, Irish leader, TOOTH, XXII. 107. See also Teeth. TOLOCCAN (Toluca), town, Mexico, XIII. 271.

POWDER, XVIII. 526. XXIII. 437

TONE-Blocks, for printing, xx111. 704. TOOTH-RASH, disease, XXII. 122. TOLOMEI, Bernardo, founder of order of TONEGAWA, river, Japan, XIII. 572. Toov TANG, halls of ancestors, in Olivetans, XVII. 764.

Tones, in music, 1. 108; XVII. 78, 105. Chinese towns, Il. 449. Claudio, Sienese bishop, diplo of human voice, XXIV. 275. TOPAZ, precious stone, xxIII. 446; XVI. matist, poet, and philologist, XXII. 43. TONGA, one of the Friendly Islands, 385, 408; cairngorms so called, IV. TOLOSA(Toulouse), ancient town, France, South Pacific, ix. 779; taboo system 645. XXIII. 485.

in, XXIII. 16.

TOPAZION, precious stone, xvill. 534. town, Guipuzcoa, Spain, XI. 265. TONGARIRO, mountain, New Zealanıl, TOPDAL Elv, river, Norway, XVII. 575. Tols, Sanskrit school at Nailiya, India, XVII. 466.

Tope, fish, xii. 685; XX1. 774. XVII. 161.

TONGA-TABU, island, Polynesia, ix. | TOPEKA, town, Kansas, U.S.A., XXIII. Tolstoi, Counts, Russian writers, xxi. 779; XIX. 428.

446. 108.

TONGE, Dr, his relations with Titus TOPELIUS, Zakris, Finnislı poet, XXII. TOLTECs, people of ancient Mexico, I. Oates, xvII. 697.

758. 686, 691, 705; XVI. 208; XXIV. 759. TONG-KING, French colony, Eastern TOPES, sacred edifices of India, II. 394. Tolu, Balsam of, 111. 293.

Asia, XXIII. 439; VI. 93.

TÖPFFER, Rudolph, Swiss novelist, TOLUCA, town, Mexico, XXIII. 437; TONGUE, Anatomy of the, 1. 895; sense XXII. 799. XVI. 214.

of taste in, XXIII. 79; of apes, 11. 165; TOPHET, of Scripture, XVI. 696. TOLUENE, product of coal-tar listil of mammals, xv. 361; of snakes, Topics, Aristotle's work, 11. 515. lation, XXIII. 59.

XXII. 190.

TOPLADY, Augustus Montague, English TOLYPEUTES, genus of edentate mam TONIC SOL-FA SYSTEM, of musical hymn-writer, XII. 594. mals, xv. 387.

notation, XVII. 100.

Törlitz, town and spa, Bohemia, Tom, river, Siberia, xxIII. 439. TONK, state, India, xx. 260.

XXIII. 183. Mount, Massachusetts, U.S.A., TONKA (or TONQUA) BEAN, XXIII. 443;

TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS, XV. 522. xv. 611; XXIII. 795.

III. 461.

TORAH, The, of Israel, XIII. 398, 409; TOMAIKI BAY, Celebes, V. 287.

TONLE-SAP, lake, Siam, XXI. 851. XIX. 729; authorship of, XVIII. 513. TOMAS, bishop of Strängnäs, Swedish TONNAGE, of ships, XXIII. 442.

TORBANEHILL MINERAL, XVIII. 240. poet, XXII. 753.

AND POUNDAGE, customs duties, TORBANITE, mineral, xvi. 429. TOMATO, vegetable, XII. 288.

England, xxIII. 443; IX. 178.

TORC, lake, Killarney, Ireland, xiv. 76.

XXV. 56

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IOI.

TORCELLO, island, Venice, xxIII. 446; | TORRES VEDRAS, Portugal, Lines of, 135; in relation to mythology, XVII. basilican cathedral at, III. 418. VIII. 563; IX. 431; XXIV. 495.

144, 151; to names, XVII. 169. TORCH THISTLE, tree, Chili, v. 623. TORREY, John, American botanist, TOTILA, Gothic king, XIII. 797; XVII. TORELL, William, English sculptor, XXIII. 452.

233. XXI. 558.

TORRHEBUS, mythic king of Lydia, TOTLEBEN, Eduard Ivanovich, Russian TORFÆUS, Thormod, Icelandic historian, XV. 99.

general, XXIII. 431. XII. 626.

TORRIANI, Milanese ruling family, xvi. Torma, town, Russia, xxiv. 283. TORGAU, town, Prussia, XXIII. 447; 293.

TOTNESS, Earl of, writer on Ireland, v. battle of (1760), III. 129.

TORRICELLI, Evangelista, Italian phyTORGHATTEN, island, Norway, XVII. sicist and mathematician, XXIII. 452; Toto, leader of a revolt at Rome, xx. 576.

his experiments on air-pressure, xix. 786. TORGoch, fish, XXI. 223.

241; his invention of the barometer, TOTTEL'S MISCELLANY, XXII. 695. TORGOD, Mongol tribe, iv. 710; XVI. 111. 381; his law of velocities of fluids, TOTTENHAM, suburb of London, XXIII, 745, 749. XII. 435.

476. TORIBIO, St, Peruvian archbishop, TORRICELLIAN VACUUM, XXIII. 453. TOUCAN, bird, xxIII. 476. XVIII. 675.

TORRID ZONE, in geography, X. 199. Touch, Sense of, XXIII. 478; XI. 554; TORIES, English political party, viii. TORRIGIANO, Pietro, Italian sculptor, nerves of, in man, l. 897; organs of, 350, 353, 358, 359; XXIV. 540. XXIII. 453; XXI. 560.

in fishes, XII. 653; in mammals, xv, TORMASEFF, Russian general, XVII. TORRINGTON, Viscount (George By ng), 367, 407. 217. IV. 603.

of minerals, XVI. 379. TORMEs, river, Spain, XXI. 203. TORROGE, Arnold de, grand-master of TOUCHSTONE, XVI. 389. TORMOHAM, suburb of Torquay, Eng Knights Templars, XXIII. 161. TOUCOULEURS, Negro race, Senegambia, land, XXIII. 451. TORSE, in geometry, XXII. 669.

XXI. 662. TORNADOES, hurricanes, XVI. 129; in | TORSHA, river, India, XXII. 51. TOUGHENED GLASS, Manufacture of, X. North America, XXIII. 807.

TORSHOK, town, Russia, XXIII. 454, 666. TORNATELLA, genus of Mollusca, xvi. 672.

Toul, town, France, XXIII. 483. 655.

TORSION, in physics, VII. 810; XXII. TOULON, town, France, XXIII. 483. TORONE, town, Macedonia, XV. 138. 605; in connexion with magnetization, TOULOUSE, ancient county, France, xiv. TORONTO, town, Ontario, Canada, XXIII.

XV. 270.

287; list of counts, xxIII. 486. 447; climate of, iv. 771; university, BALANCES, III. 267; electric, viII. town, France, XXIII. 484; academy XXIII. 856. 18.

of floral games at, 1. 69; observatory, TOROPETS, town, Russia, xx. 36. Tort, in law, xxIII. 454; VI. 587; in XVII. 712; university, XXIII. 838. TORPEDO, explosive apparatus, XXIII. relation to partnership, XVIII. 331. TOUNG-NGU, district and town, Burmah, 449; XVII. 285.

TORT-COL (Wryneck), Henry, duke of XXIII. 486. -, genus of fishes, XII. 649; XX. 299; Lancaster, XIV. 255.

TOUQUES, river, France, XVIII. I. electricity in, vill. 3, 8; organs of TORTOISE, reptile, xxIII. 455, olfactory TOUR, Cagnard de la, his

syren, I. touch in, XXIII. 478. organs of, xxII. 166; classification of

109. BOAT, XVII. 285; XXIII. 451.

the
group, XX. 441, 445.

Jacques de la, abbot of La Trappe, TORQUATUS, Titus Manlius, Roman BEETLE, VI. 134.

XXIII. 524. consul, XV. 492.

TORTOISESHELL, XXIII. 460; combs Maurice Quentin de la, French Titus Manlius Imperiosus, Roman made of, vi. 178.

pastel painter, XXIII. 486. consul, xv. 492.

TORTOLA, island, West Indies, XXIV. TOURACO, bird, xxIII. 487. TORQUAY, town, England, XXIII. 261.

TOURBILLION, in pyrotechny, XX. 451.

TORTON, Peter, his longevity, XIV. 136. TORQUEMADA, Juan de, cardinal, 858.

TOURCOING, town, France, XXIII. learned Dominican, XXIII. 452. TORTONA, town, Italy, XXIII. 460. 488.

Tomas de, inquisitor-general, TORTOSA, town, Spain, XXIII. 460. TOURGUENIEFF, Ivan, Russian novelist, XXIII. 452; XIII. 93; his rules for TORTRICIDÆ, family of snakes, XXII. XXIII. 488; XXI. 108. torture, XXIII. 463.

192.

TOURMALINE, mineral, X. 228; XVI. TORRE ABBEY, at Torquay, England, TORTRIX PILLERIANA, vine pest, XXIV. 409; electric properties of, viii. 8, 99; XXIII. 451. 238.

polarity of, xix. 313. TORRE ANNUNZIATA, town, Italy, TORTURE, Legal aspects of, XXIII. 460; TOURNAI, town, Belgium, xxIII. 488. XXIII. 452.

in China, V. 669.

TOURNAMENTS,

mediæval combats, TORRE DE CEREDO, mountain, Spain, TORY ISLAND, Ireland, XIII. 216. XXIII. 489; Eglinton tournament XXII. 294.

TORY PARTY, in England, VIII. 350, (1839), vil. 699. TORRE DEL GRECO, town, Italy, XXIII. 353, 358; XXIV. 540.

TOURNAY, town, Belgium, XXIII. 488. 452.

TOSEPHTO, piece of Jewish literature, TOURNEBOUT, musical instrument, TORRELAVEGA, town, Spain, XXI. 297. XVI. 506.

XXIII. 489. TORRENS, river, South Australia, XXII. Tostic, earl of Northumbria, VIII. 290, TOURNEFORT, Joseph Pitton de, French 284. 291; XI. 485, 486.

botanist, XXIII. 490; his classification Robert, English economist, xix. | TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETIES, XXIII. of plants, IV. 79. 377. 159.

TOURNEUR, Cyril, English tragic poet, TORRENT Duck, bird, xvi. 36. TOTANUS, genus of birds, XI. 173; XX.

XXIII. 490. TORRES, Luis Vaez de, Spanish navi

317; XXI. 260.

TOURNIQUET, surgical instrument, XXII. gator, III. 103; X. 185.

TOTAPELAKANDA, mountain, Ceylon, v. 676. ST ITs, between New Guinea and 359.

Tours, town, France, XXIII. 491; defeat Australia, XVII. 386; XX. 171. TOTEMISM, XXIII. 467; XV. 91; XXI. of Saracens near (732), v. 428.

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578.

XXIII.

TOUS-LES-Mois, variety of arrowroot, | TRACHYPTERIDÆ, family of fishes, XVII. Trains, Railway, XX. 246.
11. 631.
694.

TRAJAN (Marcus Ulpius Traianus), TOUSOON BEG, his expedition against TRACHYPTERUS, genus of fishes, xx. Roman emperor, XXIII. 502; XX. 772; the Wahhabees, II. 261; VII. 764. 531.

colleague of emperor Nerva, XVII. TOUSSAINT LOUVERTURE, Pierre Domi. | TRACHYSTOMATA, genus of Amphibia, 353; his conquests in Armenia and nique, Haytian liberator, xxIII. 492; XXII. 97

Parthia, xvIII. 603; his relations with XI. 545; XXII. 140. TRACHYTE, rock, X. 234.

Pliny the Younger, xix. 226; arch of, Touzla, river, Turkey in Asia, xxIII. TRACTARIANISM, in Church of England, at Benevento, III. 561; basilica of, at

VIII. 378; XX. 117; Keble's relation Rome, III. 413; bridge of, across the Tovi, Danish thane, XXIV. 340.

to, XIV. 25.

Danube, iv. 329; column of, at Rome, Tow, of flax, IX. 298; XIV. 665.

TRACTATES, Early controversial, xviii. XX. 827; wall of, in Bessarabia, iii. Tower, in architecture, II. 474.

204.

615, The, London, xiv. 839, 843. TRACTION, on railways, xx. 246; on TRAJECTORY, of projectiles, XI. 301. Beauchamp, his spherical steam tramways, XXIII. 507.

TRAKEHNEN, Prussia, Government stud engine, XXII. 516.

Effect of, on magnetization, xv. at, XX. 20. HAMLETS, district, London, xiv. 269.

TRALEE, town, Ireland, xxIII. 505. 821.

Electric, XXIII. 494.

TRALLIANUS, Alexander, Byzantine OF BABEL, Legends of, iii. 179.

ENGINES, XXII. 522.

physician, xv. 804. TOWERS, Round, xxi. 22; of Ireland, TRACTS, XVIII. 204.

TRAMORE, town, Ireland, xxiv. 401. II. 429; at Abernethy, Scotland, I. FOR THE TIMES, XIV. 25; XX. 117. | TRAMWAY, XXIII. 506; electric, xxIII. 46. TRACT SOCIETIES, XXIII. 494.

495, 508; locomotive engines for, TOWEYK, mountains, Arabia, 11. 239. TRACY, Antoine Louis Claude Destutt, XXII. 522; early tramroads, XX. 223. Town, TOWNS, IV. 62; V. 796; XVII. Comte de, French philosopher, XXIII. TRANCE, XV. 277; XXII. 154. 27; American, 731, 827; 497

TRANI, town, Italy, xxIII. 509. English, growth of, VIII. 276, 303. TRADE, or Commerce, vi. 196; balance | TRANQUEBAR, town, India, xxIII. 509. TOWNELEY PLAYS, early English collec XIX. 354; international, xxiv. 51; TRANS-ALAI MOUNTAINS, Turkestan, tion, vil. 414.

Sir Dudley North's paradoxes on, XXIII. 633. TOWN-Moot, Saxon, XVIII. 302.

XVII. 555; commercial societies, XXII. TRANSBAIKALIA, province, Siberia, TOWNSHEND, Second Viscount, English 227.

XXIII. 509. statesman, XXIII. 492.

Board of, English, xxIII. 497; its TRANSCASPIAN REGION, Russia, xxIII. Charles, English politician, xxIII. early restrictions on American indus

511. 493.

tries, XXIII. 733, 736.

TRANSCAUCASIA, Russia, xxIII. 513. TOWNSHEND'S ACTS (1767), English, CORPORATIONS, Monopolies of, 11. TRANSCENDENTALISM, its affinity with XXIII. 738. 213

mysticism, XVII. 135; Kant on, XIII. TOWNSHIP, Legal theory of the, xiv. COUNCILS, XXIII. 501.

853 365; in relation to parish, xvIII. 295; TRADE-GUILDS, XI. 261.

TRANSCENDENTALPHILOSOPHIE, SchelAmerican, XXIII. 731, 827; English, TRADE MARKS, XXIII. 498.

ling's, XXI. 393. VIII. 273.

TRADESCANT, John, founder of museum, TRANSEPT, in architecture, II. 475. Tow-PATH, by canals, IV. 785.

Oxford, xvui. 95; his collection of TRANSFER PAPER, Lithographic, xiv. TOWTON, England, Battle of (1461), rarities, XI. 338.

698. VII. 685; XXIV. 381.

TRADESMEN, in relation to labour, xiv. TRANSFORMATION, Animal, xv. 91. Towyn, town, Wales, XVI. 39.

166.

TRANSIT CIRCLE, astronomical instruTOYNBEE, Arnold, English economist, TRADE UNIONS, XXIII. 499; VI. 181; ment, XXIII. 515, 146. XIX. 399.

rise of, 11. 213; effect of, on wages, TRANSIT INSTRUMENTS, II. 766 ; X. Toxic DISEASES, XVIII. 406.

XXIV. 311; in relation to tariff protec. 165; XXII. 719; XXIII. 146, 515; RoeToxicoLOGY, branch of medicine, xv. tion, IX. 759; in United States, XXIII. mer's invention of, xx. 620. 796; XIX. 275.

786.

TRANSITS, of Venus, 11. 791, 796; XVIII. ToxoPHILITE SOCIETY, The Royal, II. TRADE-WINDS, The, XVI. 143; their in. 247; stellar, 11. 766. 375.

fluence on climate of America, 1. 675. TRANSKEI (Kaffraria), territory, South TRABISONDA, Italian poem, xx. 653. TRADING-COMPANIES, Acts dealing Africa, XIII. 816. TRACERY, in architecture, II. 475.

with, VI. 222.

TRANSMIGRATION OF SOULS, XV. 91; TRACHEA, respiratory organ, XX. 475; TRADITION, in relation to history, XII. XVI. 106; Pythagorean doctrine of, in relation to the voice, xxiv. 273; of 19.

XX. 139.

Compare Metempsychosis mammals, xv. 365.

TRAFALGAR, Spain, Battle of (1805), vi. and Soul. TRACHEATA, class of Arthropoda, xvII. 146; VIII. 363; IX. 615; XVII. 323. TRANSOM, in architecture, 11. 475. 116. TRAGACANTH, gum, XI. 275.

TRANSOXIANA, region, Central Asia, TRACHELIA, group of beetles, VI. 133. TRAGEDY, VII. 395.

XVIII. 101; Timur's rule in, xxIII. TRACHINIÆ, Sophocles's drama, xxII. TRAGULINA, group of ungulate mam 399. 273

mals, XV. 430.

TRANSPIRATION, in plants, XIX. 46. TRACHINUS, genus of fishes, XXIV. 477. TRAINED BANDS, of London, XXIV. 293. TRANSPLANTING, in horticulture, XII. TRACHIS, town, ancient Greece, XXIII. TRAINING, Physical, xi. 348; diet for, 214, 239. 494.

VII. 203; of horses, XII. 188.

TRANSPORT, Military, XXIV. 349; transTRACHOMEDUSÆ, order of Hydrozoa, WALLS, of rivers, XX. 577.

port service of British army, II. 582. XII. 562.

TRAIN OF IDEAS, in psychology, xx. TRANSPORTATION, of convicts, XIX. 748, TRACHONITIS, province, Bashan, III. 62; II. 730.

750; to Siberia, XXII. 10. 410. TRAIN OIL, XXIV. 529.

TRANSUBSTANTIATION, Eucharistic docTRACHYLITE, rock, X. 235. TRAINS, of mechanism, xv. 762.

trine, VIII. 653; opposed by Beren

garius, III. 585; Luther's views on, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A., XVII. TRENT AFFAIR, between England and
XV. 81.
371.

United States, xxIII. 775; Lincoln's
TRANSVAAL, country, South Africa, TREATIES, contracts between states, part in, XIV. 661.
XXIII. 516; 1. 270.

XXIII. 530.

TRENTON, town, New Jersey, U.S.A.,
TRANSVERSE FLUTE, XXIII. 519. TREBBIA, river, Italy, XIII. 436; battle XXIII. 552; battle of (1776), XXIII.
TRANSYLVANIA, principality, Austria of (218 B.C.), xx. 749.

743.
Hungary, XXIII. 521; XII. 361; con TREBELLIUS Pollio, Augustan his Falls, New York, U.S.A., XVII.
quest of, by Walachia, XXI. 17; torian, III. 74.

451.
Unitarianism in, XXIII. 725.

TREBIZOND, town, Turkey in Asia, TRENT RIVER CANAL, Canada, xxi.
TRAP, for drain, Iv. 467; for water-pipe, XXIII. 533; province, xxIII. 653.

180.
XXI. 714.

, Empire of, xxIII. 533.

TREPANG, or Tripang, edible echino-
TRAPANI, town, Sicily, XXIII. 522. TREDEGAR, town, England, xxIII. 534. derm, 111. 477; VII. 639; fisheries,
TRAPASSI, Pietro (Metastasio), Italian TREDIAKOVSKI, Basil, Russian poet,

IX. 268.
dramatist and poet, XIII. 513; XVI. XXI. 106.

TREPHINING, in surgery, xxII. 689.
103.

TREE-CREEPER, bird, xxIII. 534. TRESCHOW, Niels, Norse philosopher,
TRAPEZIUMS, Mensuration of, XVI. 15. TREE-FERN, XXIII. 534; 1X. 102.

XVII. 590.
TRAPEZUS (Trebizond), town, Asia TREE-FROG, IX. 795, 797.

TRESCO, one of the Scilly Isles, England,
Minor, XIX. 459; XXIII. 533.

TREE OF LIFE, of paradise, 1. 137, 138. XXI. 465.
TRAPPISTS, monastic order, XXIII. 522. TREE OF LIFE, arbor vitæ, 11. 313. TRESPASS, in law, xxIII. 552.
TRAQUAIR CASTLE, Peeblesshire, Scot- | Trees, in forestry, ix. 397; culture of, TRESSURE, in heraldry, XI. 697.
land, xvIII. 452.

II. 314, 321; garden, XII. 260; large, TRETENTERATA, group of Brachiopoda,
TRASIMENE, Lake, Italy, XIII. 440; in California, IV. 704; XXI. 673; XXIII. IV. 189, 194.
battle of (217 B.C.), XI. 442.

809; large, in Victoria, XXIV. 217. TRETUM, promontory, Numidia, xvII.
TRAS-OS-MONTES, province, Portugal, TREE SNAKES, XXII. 195.

627.
XXIII. 525.

TREGELLES, Samuel Prideaux, English TREUGA DEI, or Truce of God, xxIII.
TRASTAMARA, Henry of, king of Castile, New Testament scholar, xxIII. 535. 590; IX. 537.
XIV. 255.

TRELAWNY, Captain Edward John, TREVES, town, Rhenish Prussia, xxIII.
TRAUSNITZ, Castle of, Bavaria, XIV. 281. friend of Shelley, XXI. 792.

552; university, xxIII. 842.
TRAVANCORE, state, India, XXIII. 525. TREMAREC, Kerguelen, French navi- TREVIRANUS, Gottfried Reinhold,
TRAVELLER, The, Goldsmith's poem, gator, XIV. 49.

German naturalist, XXIII. 553; on
X. 762.

TREMATODA, division of worms, xxIII. evolution, VIII. 748.
TRAVELLER'S SONG, Anglo-Saxon poem, 535; their relation to tape-worms, | TREVISO, town, Italy, XXIII. 554; uni-
VIII. 403.

XXIII. 54; parasitic forms, XVIII. 259. versity, xxIII. 837.
TRAVELLER'S TREE, in Madagascar, xv. TREMBECKI, Stanislaus, Polish poet,

TREMBECKI, Stanislaus, Polish poet, TREVITHICK, Richard, improver of
170.
XIX. 303.

steam-engine, xxIII. 554; XXII. 476.
TRAVEMÜNDE, dependency of Lübeck, TREMBLEY, Abraham, Swiss naturalist, Triads, The, in Welsh literature, v.
Germany, XV. 33.
XXIV. 806.

316.
TRAVERS, Anne, inistress of Edward TREMELAI, Bernard de, master of Trial, in law, XXIII. 555.
III. of England, vii. 684.

Knights Templars, XXIII. 160. TRIALOGUS, Wycliffe's work, XXIV. 711.
W. T. L., on New Zealand birils, TREMELLINI, suborder of Fungi, IX. TRIANGLES, Measurement of, XXIII.
XVII. 469.
832.

561; XVI. 14; geometrical relations of,
Val de, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, TREMILÆ, ancient tribe, Asia Minor, X. 377.
XVII. 361; asphalt of, 11. 716.

TRIANGULAR NUMBERS, Tables of,
TRAVERSES, in fortification, 1X. 445. TREMITI ISLANDS, Italy, XIII. 441. XXIII. 8.
TRAVERSE Table, in navigation, XVII. TREMOLITE, mineral, XVI. 417.

TRIANGULATION, in geodesy, vil. 597,
264.

TREMOLOPHONE, Girard's, musical in 599; X. 163, 167; XV. 522; in survey-
TRAVERSING, as basis for survey, XXII. strument, X. 620.

ing, XXII. 697.
705.

TREMONT, peninsula, site of Boston, TRIANONS, pavilions, Versailles, France,
TRAVERTINE, Roman building stone, Massachusetts, U.S.A., IV. 72.

XXIV. 177.
XX. 808.

TRENCH, Richard Chenevix, archbishop TRIASSIC Rocks, in geology, X. 352.
TRAWLING, mode of fishing, IX. 246. of Dublin, XXIII. 540.

TRIBE, TRIBEs, among primitive races,
TRAYLE, or Vignette, in architecture, II. TRENCHES, in fortification, IX. 430. IX. 20; grouping in, viii. 619; Irish
475.
TRENCHING, of land, 1. 335.

and Gaelic, V. 799.
TREADLE, of loom, XXIV. 464; ancient, TRENCK, Franz, Baron von der, Austrian TRIBES OF ISRAEL, Settlement of the,
XXIII. 206.
commander, XXIII. 541.

XVIII. 512.
TREAD-Mill, or Treadwheel, in prison Friedrich, Freiherr der, TRIBONIAN, Roman jurist, xxIII. 555;
discipline, XIX. 755; its invention by German adventurer, XXIII. 542.

XIII. 793
Cubitt, vi. 683.

TRENDELENBURG, Friedrich Adolf, \ TRIBONYX, genus of birds, xvi. 808.
TREASON, in law, xxIII. 525; VI, 588; German philosopher, XXIII. 542; on TRIBOULET, French jester, ix. 367.
in United States, XXIII. 751.

the categories, V. 225.

TRIBUNATE, Roman, XX. 736, 771.
TREASURER, Lord High, of Great | TRENT, river, England, XVII. 598. TRIBUNE, Roman public officer, xxIII.
Britain, XXII. 458.

-, town, Austria, xxIII. 543.

556.
TREASURE-TROVE, Law relating to, Council of (1545-62), xxIII. 543; TRIBUTE, in state finance, IX. 171.
XXIII. 530.

V. 416; Xix. 153, 504; decrees and TRICAMARUM, near Carthage, North
TREASURY, English state department, canons of, VI. 564; Pallavicini's History Africa, Battle of (533), XXIV. 59.
XXII. 458.

of, xviii. 189; Sarpi's History of, xxi. ICHECHUS, genus of carnivorous
TREAT, Captain Robert, early settler, 312.

mammals, XV. 443; XXIV. 337.

XV. 92.

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TRICHINA, genus of nematode worms, TRIMOUNTAINE, former name of Boston, TRISTAN, romance, XX. 644, 647. XVII. 325; XVIII. 270; XXIV. 206. Massachusetts, U.S.A., IV. 72.

DA CUNHA, islands, South Atlantic, TRICHINOPOLI, district and town, India, TRINCOMALEE, town, Ceylon, XXIII. XXIII. 576; III. 18. XXIII. 559. 573.

UND ISOLDE, Wagner's opera, XXIV. TRICHINOSIS, disease, xvIII. 270; in TRINGA, genus of birds, XIV. 129; XXI. 315. the pig, XXIV. 206. 260.

UND Isolt, Gottfried's poem, X. TRICHOCEPHALUS, genus of nematode | TRINGGANU, district, Malay Peninsula, 854. worms, XVII. 325; XXIV. 206.

XV. 322.

TRISTEARIN, glyceride, X. 697; XVII. TRICHOMES, epidermal appendages of TRINIDAD, island, West Indies, xxIII. 740. plants, iv. 90.

573; asphalt lake in, 11. 715; birds TRISTOMEÆ, family of trematocle TRICHOPTERA, group of insects, XIII. of, 111. 747

worms, XXIII. 539. 151.

TRINITARIANS, religious order, xxiii. TRISTRAM, or Tristan, romance, xx. TRICHOSOMA, genus of nematode worms, 574.

644, 647. XVII. 325.

TRINITY, Doctrine of the, XXIII. 239, Henry Baker, on birds, XVIII. 33. Trichys, genus of rodent mammals, 248; in Taoism, XIV. 297.

SHANDY, Sterne's book, XXII. 542. XIX. 518.

Clarke's Scripture Doctrine of, v. TRITHEMIUS, John, writer on cryptoTricks, in white magic, XV. 207.

811.

graphy, VI. 669. TRICLADIDA, tribe of planarian worms, COLLEGE, Cambridge, IV. 730; | TRITHIONIC ACID, V. 507. XIX. 171, 174.

Bentley's reforms in, III. 579.

TRITICUM, genus of plants, xxiv. 531. TRICLASITE, mineral, xvi. 418.

COLLEGE, Dublin, VII. 498. TRITOGENEA, epithet of Athena, II. TRICOLOR, French flag, IX. 279, 598.

COLLEGE, Oxford, xvIII. 97.

830. TRICONODON, fossil mammal, XV.

HALL, Canıbridge, Iv. 731.

TRITOMITE, mineral, XVI. 425. 376.

HOUSE, English corporation, XXIII. Triton, genus of reptiles, xxIII. 577; TRICOUPIS, Spiridion, Greek historian, 574; XIV. 831.

1. 768; its similarity to the siredon, XI. 152.

SUNDAY, XXIII. 574.

XXII. 96. TRIC-TRAC, game, Ill. 199.

TRIOLEIN, glyceride, X. 697; XVII. 740. genus of Mollusca, xvI. 650. TRICYCLE, XXIII. 559.

TRIOLETS, form of verse, in early French | TRITONIS, epithet of Athena, II. 830. TRIDENTINI, Rhætian people, XX. 505. literature, ix. 644.

TRIUMPH, Roman public honour, xx111. TRIDENTUM (Trent), ancient town, TRIONYCHIDÆ, family of chelonian 577. Austria, XXIII. 543. reptiles, XXIII. 457.

TRIUMPHAL ARCHES, at Rome, 11. 419; TRIDYMITE, mineral, xvi. 389; XXII. TRIONYX, genus of turtles, xxIII. 457, XX. 830. 53. 459.

TRIUMPH OF LIFE, Shelley's poem, XXI. TRIER (Treves, q.v.), town, Rhenish TRIPALMITIN, glyceride, XVII. 740. 794. Prussia, XXIII. 552.

TRIPANG, or Trepang, edibile echino- TRIUMPILINI, Rhætian people, XX. 505. TRIERS, Puritan ecclesiastical examiners, derm, 11i. 477; VII. 639; fisheries, ix. TRIUMVIRI, or Triumvirate, Roman, 11. VIII. 378. 268.

141; III. 79; XX. 765, 768. TRIESTE, town, Austria-Hungary, XXIII. TRIPE DE Roche, lichen, xiv. 560. TRIVANDRUM, town, India, XXIII. 577; 560; III. 121.

TRIPHYLIA, ancient state, Greece, xvII. observatory at, XVII. 716.
TRIEWALD,

Samuel
von, Swedish 766.

TRIVIUM, mediæval academic corirse, satirist, XXII. 755. TRIPHYLITE, mineral, XVI. 404.

XX. 515. TRIFELS, castle, Bavaria, prison of TRIPHYLLINE, mineral, xiv. 697. TROAD, district, Asia Minor, XXIII. 577;

Richard Cour de Lion, II. 147. TRIPLE ALLIANCE, The (1668), IX. 576. XVII. 122; coins of, xvii. 646. TRIFORIUM, in architecture, II. 475. TRIPLE TRADITION, of the Gospels, x. TROADES, Euripides's play, viii. 676. TRIGGER-FISH, IX. 161.

792.

TROCEDORFIUS, Valentin Friedlanıl, TRIGLA, genus of fishes, XI. 332. TRIPLITE, mineral, xvi. 407.

German teacher, xxIII. 588. TRIGLYPH, in architecture, II. 475, 403. TRIPLOIDITE, mineral, xvi. 405. TROCHILIDÆ, family of birds, XII. 357. TRIGONELLA, genus of herbs, IX. 76. TRIPODS, Street of, at Athens, III. 7. TROCHU, Louis Jules, French general, TRIGONOCEPHALUS, genus of snakes, TRIPOLI, state, North Africa, XXIII. IX. 627. XXII. 199.

574; I. 265; conquest of, by the Turks, TROCMI, ancient tribe, Asia Minor, X. 18. TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY, of India, XXIII. 643; Jews in, xiii. 687; town, TRÖGERITE, mineral, XVI. 406. XXII. 696; X. 163.

XXIII. 575; 1. 265.

TROGLODYTES, ancient cave-dwellers, TRIGONOMETRICAL TABLES, XXIII. 9.

town, Syria, XXIII. 576.

XXIII. 583. TRIGONOMETRY, in mathematics, XXIII. TRIPOLITZA, town, Greece, XXIII. 576. genus of apes, II. 149. 561; use of, in surveying, xxII. 696; TRIPOŚ List, Cambridge, vili. 778.

genus of birds, xxiv. 688. Hipparchus and Ptolemy's discoveries TRIPPKEITE, mineral, XVI. 408.

TROGON, bird, XXIII. 583; XX. 179. in, xx. 87.

TRIPTOLEMUS, Sophocles's drama, XXII. TROGOSITA MAURITANICA, wheat pest, TRILOBITE, crustacean, vi. 659.

272.

XXIV. 536. Trim, town, Ireland, xv. 669; Irish TRIPTYCHS, three-leaved writing tablets, TROGULIDES, family of arachnids, II. parliament at, XIII. 261. VII. 257; inscribed, XVIII. 143.

279. TRIMERA, group of insects, VI. 134; XIII. TRIREME, ancient ship, XXI. 806. TROGUS, Cnæus Pompeius, Roman his150. TRISAGION, doxology, VII. 384.

torian, XXIII. 584; XIII. 791. TRIMERELLIDÆ, family of Brachiopoda, TRISMEGISTUS, Hermes, of Egyptian TROIA, ancient town, Portugal, xxi. IV. 194.

mythology and Greek literature, xi. 697 TRIMERESURUS, genus of snakes, XXII. 750.

TROILUS AND CRESSIDA, romance, XX. 199. TRISMUS, or Lockjaw, XXIII. 200.

639 TRIMONTIUM (Philippopolis), Roman TRISSINO, Gian Giorgio, Italian poet, TROILUS AND CRESSIDA, Shakespeare's town, Thrace, xvIII. 753. XIII. 509.

play, XXI. 764.

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