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XXI. 574.

THERMOMETRY, XI. 558; XIX. 2. THEW, instrument of punishment, XIX. THIVÆ (Thebes), town, Greece, XXIII.
THERMONATRITE, mineral, xvi. 399. 96.

229.
THERMOPHONE, telephone, XXIII. 130. THIAKI (Ithaca), island, Greece, XIII. THLINKEETS, race, North America, xii.
THERMOPOLIA, for sale of hot drinks, 517.

826; exogamy among, v. 187.
at Pompeii, XIX. 449.

THIAN SHAN, mountains, Central Asia, THOLOBATE, in architecture, II. 474.
THERMOPYLÆ, Greece, Battle of (480 II. 686; XVIII. 102; XXI. 640; XXII. THOLUCK, Friedrich August, German
B.C.), XI. 100; XIV. 462; XVIII. 572. 818; XXIII. 631.

theologian and preacher, XXIII. 307.
THERMOSCOPES, indicators of tempera- THIBAUT of Champagne, early French THOMAS, St, apostle, XXIII. 308.
ture, XI. 559; XX. 132.
writer, ix. 642.

, prince of Savoy, XXI. 339.
THERMO-THERMAPEUTICS, or Hydro Anton Friedrich Justus, German of Celano, XXIII. 308.
pathy, XII. 542; III. 438, 440.
jurist, XXIII. 300.

of Erceldoune, Scottish legendary
THERMOTROPISM, in vegetaule physio- | THIBET, or Tibet (q.v.), country, Central poet, XXIII. 308.
logy, XIX. 59.
Asia, XXIII. 337.

of Harkel, Syriac writer, XXII. 825.
THÉROIGNE DE MÉRICOURT, Anne THIBODI, Phra Rami, Siamese ruler, of Marga, Syriac writer, XXII. 848.
Joseph, French Revolutionist, XXIII. XXI. 854.

of Stitny, Bohemian writer, XXII.
293.

THIELE, river, Switzerland, XVII. 361. 151.
THERON, tyrant of Agrigentum, I. 417; THIELT, town, Belgium, XXIII. 302.

Antoine Léonard, French writer,
XXII. 16.

THIERRY, Amédée Simon Dominique, IX. 670.
THEROPODA, order of fossil reptiles, XX. French historian, XXIII. 302; IX. 680; George, military adventurer, India,
443.
on the Gallic Druids, vii. 478.

III. 629.
THERUSIA (Vulcano), one of the Lipari Jacques Nicolas Augustin, French George H., American general,
Islands, Mediterranean Sea, xiv. 682. historian, XXIII. 302; 1x. 680.

XXIII. 790.
THESEIUM, temple, ancient Athens, III. 4. AND THEODORET, tragedy of A KEMPIS, mediæval writer, xiv.
THESES SALMURIENSES, French body Beaumont and Fletcher, III. 470. 31; XI. 208; his relation to mysticism,
of divinity, 1. 783.
THIERS, town, France, XXIII. 302; XX.

XVII. 134.
THESEUS, of Greek legend, XXIII. 293;

AQUINAS, scholastic philosopher,
III. 59; his connexion with Scyros, Louis Adolphe, French historian II. 231. See Aquinas.

and statesman, XXIII. 302; IX. 619; BECKET, archbishop of Canter-
THESMOPHORIA, Greek festival, xxIII. as a writer, ix. 681.

bury, 1. 31. See Becket.
295; V. 345; VII. 57.

THIETBERGA, wife of Lothaire of Lor- THOMASIUS, Christian, German jurist
THESMOPHORIAZUSÆ, Aristophanes's raine, XVII. 483.

and publicist, XXIII. 309; X. 532;
comedy, II. 509.

THIGH, Anatomy of the, 1. 829; of birds, XVIII. 540; his influence in Halle
THESMOTHETÆ, Greek magistrates, 11. III. 722; of mammals, xv. 360.

university, xxIII. 847.
476.

THIMONIER, Barthélemy, inventor of a THOMAS LITTLE, Thomas Moore's nom
THESPIÆ, town, ancient Greece, XXIII. sewing machine, XXI. 718.

de plume, xvi. 806.
297.

THING, Great, Swedish tribal assembly, THOMASON, his collection of pamphlets,
THESPIS, traditional inventor of tragedy, XXII. 744.

XVIII. 205.
VII. 404.

THINOCORIS, genus of birds, xix. THOMISM, in scholastic philosophy, XXI.
THESPROTI, ancient Greek tribe, VIII. 228.

429.
483.

THIOCYANATES, in chemistry, xx. THOMPSON, Sir Benjamin (Count Rum-
THESPROTIA, Epirus, Oracle at, xvII. 25.

ford), scientist and diplomatist, XXIII.
808.
THIONVILLE, fortress, Lorraine, xv. 7.

309.
THESSALIAN DIALECT, of Greek, XI. THIOSULPHATES, in chemistry, XXII. John Vaughan, English physician
132.
636.

and naturalist, xxiv. 808; on Mol.
THESSALIOTIs, district, Thessaly, XXIII. THIRLWALL, Connop, bishop of St lusca, xvi. 632.
299.
David's, historian XXIII. 305.

Thomas Peronnet, English politi-
THESSALONIANS, Epistles to the, XXIII. THIRSK, town, England, xxIII. 306. cian and mathematician, XXIII. 310.
297.
THIRST, XVII. 667.

THOMSENOLITE, mineral, xvI. 384.
THESSALONICA (Salonica), town, Mace THIRTY-NINE ARTICLES, of Church of | THOMSON, Andrew, Scottish church-

donia, XXI. 227; XV. 137; XXIII. 297. England, 11. 653; VI. 564; VIII. 377, man, XXI. 538.
THESSALUS, physician of Tralles, xv. 379.

Sir Charles Wyville, Scottish
802.

Thirty YEARS WAR (1618-1648), naturalist, XXIII. 310.
THESSALY, district, Greece, xxIII. 298; IX. 568; X. 500; in Austria, III. James (1700-1748), Scottish poet,
coins of, xvII. 641.

125; effect of, in England, viii. 344; author of The Seasons, XXIII. 311.
THETFORD, town, England, xxIII. 299. effects on Holland, XII. 78; in Saxony, James (1834–1882), Scottish poet,
THETIs, of Greek mythology, I. 95; XXI. 354; Spanish part in, XXII. author of City of Dreadful Night,
XVII. 346.
331; Sweden's participation in, XXII.

XXIII. 312.
THEUDAS, of Acts of the Apostles, I. 749; influence on Switzerland, XXII. John, of Duddingston, Scottish
126.

794; Wallenstein's part in, XXIV. landscape painter, XXIII. 312.
THEUDEMIR, king of the East Goths, 328.

John, Scottish logarithmist, xiv.
XXIII. 256.
THIS-RONG-DE-TSAN, or Khri-srong-

776.
THEUDIBERT, king of the Alemanni, Iden-btsan, Tibetan king, xiv. 502; Sir William, on attraction, III. 64;
XVII. 233.
XXIII. 345.

XV. 226; his compass improvements,
THEUERDANK,
German allegorical THISTLE, plant, xxIII. 306.

VI. 228; on elastic solids, vi. 312; his
work, X. 527; XV. 644.

Order of the, XIV. 123.

contributions to the science of electri-
THEVENOT, Jean de, French Oriental THISTLEWOOD CONSPIRACY (1820), in city, VIII. II, 15, 32, 33, 75, 76, 81, 85,
traveller, XXIII. 300.
England, xxIII. 307.

90, 95, 99; his guard ring accumulator,

on

VI.

VIII. 34; his electrometers, viii. 119, | THOUSAND AND ONE Nights, Arabic | THROMBOSIS, disease, xvIII. 401. 120, 121; on magnetism, XV. 249; on tales, XXIII. 316; II. 263.

THRONDHJEM, town, Norway, xxIII. magnecrystallic action, xv. 266; on THOUSAND ISLANDS, Lake of the,

321. effect of traction on magnetization, xv. Canada, xxi. 180.

FJORD, Norway, xvii. 576. 269; on radiation, XX. 215; his siphon THRACE, country, South-Eastern Europe, THRONES, chairs of state, 1x. 848. telegraph-recorder, XXIII. 124; XXIII. 318; coins of, xvII. 640.

in celestial hierarchy, XI. 792. laws of thermodynamics, XXII. 482; THRACIA, Roman province, South- ThrostLE, bird, xxIII. 321. on condensation of vapour, III. 386; Eastern Europe, XXIII. 318.

cotton spinning frame, Vi. 495. on vortex atoms, III. 45.

THRALE, Henry, friend of Johnson, XIII. THROW-BOARD, Welsh game, V. 597. THOMSON AND Tait, on tidal retarda 727.

THROWING, of silk, xxII. 61. tion of earth's rotation, XXIII. 377.

Mrs (Hester Lynch, Mrs Piozzi), Thrush, bird, xxIII. 321; migration of, THOMSONITE, mineral, XVI. 423. English writer, XIX. 110.

III. 765. THONEGWA, district, Burmah, XXIII. THRALL, Teutonic bondman, Vill. 274; THUANUS (Jacques Auguste de Thou), 330. XVII. 529.

French historian, XXIII. 315. THONON, town, France, xxi. 333. THRASAETUS, genus of birds, XI. 491. THUCYDIDES, Greek historian, xxIII. Thor, Scandinavian divinity, I. 210; THRASAMUND, Vandal king, xxiv. 59. 322; XI. 141. XVII. 156.

THRASEA PÆTUS, Roman philosopher, rival of Pericles, XVIII. 531. THORACOMETER, for measuring chest XI. 643; XVII. 35o.

Thugs, Indian assassins, xxIII. 326; movements, XX. 477.

THRASHING MACHINES, Invention of, suppression of, XII. 806; vocabulary THORARENSEN, Bjarne, Icelandic poet, 1. 302; the first driven by steam, I. of language used by, VII. 191. XXI. 369.

305; improvements on, I. 325; port- THUGUT, Franz Maria von, Austrian THORAX, or Chest, I. 822; XX. 476; in able, I. 324.

diplomatist, XXIII. 327. mammals, xv. 358. See also article THRASYBULUS, Athenian general, xxIII. THUJA, genus of trees, II. 313. Skeleton.

319.

THULE, ancient Northern land, xxIII. THOREAU, Henry David, American , tyrant of Miletus, XVIII. 528. 328; XIX. 315; of Ptolemy, xx. 94; writer, XXIII. 313; 1. 732.

ruler of Syracuse, XXII. 16, 814.

of Pytheas, XX. 143. THORFINN, Norse earl, in Scotland, THRASYLLUS, Choragic monument of, THULITE, mineral, xvi. 409. XXI. 480.

at Athens, II. 411.

THULIUM, Spectrum of, XXII. 377. THORILD, Tomas, Swedish poet and THRAX, Dionysius, Roman grammarian, THUMB RINGS, XX. 562. critic, XIV. 29; XXII. 757. XI. 37, 43.

THÜMMEL, Moritz August von, German THORISMUND, West Gothic prince, III. THREAD MANUFACTURE, 502;

writer, XXIII. 329. 62. bleaching of, 111. 820.

Thun, town, Switzerland, 11. 600. THORITE, mineral, xvi. 424.

THREAD-WORMS, XVII. 324; disease Lake of, Switzerland, 1. 3; XIV. THORIUM, chemical element, XXIII. caused by, XVIII. 270.

218; XXII. 777. 314; V. 543.

THREAVE CASTLE, Kirkcudbright, Scot- THUNBERG, Carl Peter, Swedish THORN, plant, XI. 536; the Glaston

XIV. 98.

traveller and botanist, XXIII. 329. bury thorn, X. 675.

THREE BEARS, The, Southey's tale, THUNDER, I. 107; XXIII. 329. -, town, West Prussia, XXIII. 314. XXII. 290.

THUNDERBOLT, XXIII. 330. THORNBACK, fish, XXIII. 314; XX. THREE BODIES, Problem of the, in THUNDERING LEGION, Miracle of the, 299. astronomy, II. 759.

III. 87. THORNDALE, W. H. Smith's work, THREE ESTATES, of the realm, in Eng-THUNDERSTORM, XXIII. 329; XVI. 128; XXII. 179. land, viii. 557, 314; XVIII. 306.

spectroscopic history of a, XX. 256. THORNHILL, Sir James, English painter, THREE F.'s, The, in Irish land tenure, THÜNEN, J. Heinrich von, German XXIII. 314. XIV. 277

economist, XIX. 388. THORNTON-ON-HUMBER, abbey, Lin- THREE HOLY CHILDREN, Song of the, THUN-KHwa, district, Burmah, XXII. colnshire, England, 1. 20; xiv. 656. in Apocrypha, 11. 181.

330. THORSHAVN, town, Faroe Islands, ix. THREE MUSKETEERS, The, Dumas's ro THUR AND PARKER, district, India, 39.

XXIII. 221. mance, vii. 522. THORSTEIN, mountain, Austria, xxi. THREE RIVERS, town, Canada, xxIII.

THURGAU, Thurgovia, canton, 241. 319; XX. 167.

Switzerland, XXIII. 330; XXII. 794. THORWALDSEN, Bertel, Danish sculptor, THREE SISTERS, mountains, Oregon, THURII, town, Magna Græcia, Italy, XXIII. 315; VII. 94; XXI. 570. U.S.A., XVII. 822; XXIII. 800.

XXIII. 331; XV. 38. THOTH, Egyptian divinity, VII. 718. THREE TETONS, mountains, Wyoming, THÜRINGER WALD, mountains, GerBooks of, ancient Egyptian works, U.S.A., XXIV. 712.

many, X. 448; XXIII. 332. XIV. 510.

THREMMATOLOGY, branch of biological | THURINGIA, district, Upper Saxony, THOTHMES, kings of Egypt, vil. 735. science, XXIV. 802, 817.

XXIII. 331. Thou, Cristophe de, first president of THRENODIA CAROLINA, Sir Thomas THURINGIAN FOREST, mountains, GerParis parlement, XXIII. 315. Herbert's work, XI. 722.

many, X. 448; XXIII. 332. Jacques Auguste de, French THRESHER, bird, xvi. 541.

THURINGIAN LAW CODE, XXI. 215. historian, xxIII. 315; 1X. 659. THRESHER-SHARK, fish, xxi. 777.

THURINGITE, mineral, xvi. 414. THOUAR, Arthur, explorer of Pilcomayo Thrips, group of insects, XIII. 152; as

THURIUM (Thurii), town, Magna Grariver, xix. 188. wheat pest, XXIV. 534.

cia, Italy, XXIII. 331; XV. 38. THOUGHT, in psychology, XX. 57, 75, Throat, Anatomy of the, 1. 822; THURLES, town, Ireland, xxIII. 332. 83; as subject of logical science, xiv.

diseases of, XXIII. 319; surgical opera- THURLOE, John, English postmaster, 780; XVI. 94.

tions on, xxII. 690; in relation to XIX. 564. THOUGHTS PRISON, Dr Dodd's

the voice, xxiv. 273; of birds, 111. THURLOW, Lord, lord chancellor of poem, VII. 319. 726.

England, xxIII. 332.

or

IN

THURMOND, John, English pantomimist, | TIBULLUS, Albius, Roman poet, XXIII. | Tiflis, town, Russian Caucasia, XXIII. XVIII. 215. 348; XX. 723.

385; government, XXIII. 513. Thurso, town, Scotland, XXIII. 333. TIBUR (Tivoli), ancient town, Italy, TIGELLINUS, general and conspirator THURY, Counts of (Cassini), French XIV. 344; XXIII. 421.

under Nero, XVII. 349. astronomers, V. 185.

Tibus, or Tibbus, race of people, Soudan, TIGER, carnivorous mammal, XXIII. 385; Thus, incense, ix. 711; XII. 718.

Africa, XXIII. 334; 261, 268; XXII. XV. 435; of India, XII. 741; of Java, THUYA, genus of trees, II. 313.

278.

XIII. 603; of Persia, xvIII. 625; skins THYATIRA (Akhissar), town, Turkey in TicAO, island, Philippines, XVIII. 752. of, ix. 839. Asia, I. 436.

Tic-DOLOUREUX, form of neuralgia, TIGER-BEETLE, VI. 129. THYESTES, in Greek legend, III. 50; XVII. 363.

TIGER-CAT, carnivorous mammal, xvII. XVIII. 480.

TICHODROMA, genus of birds, XXIII. 534. 719. THYLACINUS, genus of marsupial mam- Ticino, canton, Switzerland, XXIII. TIGER-SHARK, XXI. 775. mals, xv. 380.

351; XXII. 789, 794.

TIGLATH-ADAR, Assyrian king, III. 186. THYLACOLEO, genus of fossil marsupial river, Italy, XIII. 435.

TIGLATH-PILESER I., Assyrian king, mammals, xv. 383.

TICINUM (Pavia), ancient town, Italy, III. 186, 192.
THYMALLUS, genus of fishes, XI. 78;
XVIII. 439.

II., III. 186; XIII. 411.
XXI. 221, 224.
Tick, mite, II. 276; XVI. 529.

TIGRANES, Armenian kings, XXIIL 386;
THYME, plant, XXIII. 333; XII. 289. TICKELL, Thomas, English poet, XXIII, XV. 56; XVIII. 595, 600.
THYNI, tribe, Thrace, III. 793.
351.

great-grandson of Herod the Great, THYNNUS, genus of fishes, XXIII. 625. TICKET-OF-LEAVE, XIX. 752, 756.

XVIII. 602. THYRE DANEBOD, barrow, Denmark, TICKNOR, George, American man of TIGRANOCERTA, Mesopotamia, Battle of III. 398. letters, XXIII. 352; I. 724.

(69 B.C.), xv. 56. THYROID GLAND, Diseases of the, XVIII. TICONDEROGA, town, New York, TIGRé, province, Abyssinia, 1. 64. 384; goitre, X. 739. U.S.A., XXIII. 352.

or Tigriña, language of Ethiopia, THYRZA, Byron's mourning for, iv. 607. Falls of, New York, U.S.A., XVII. VIII. 612; XXI. 655. THYSANOPTERA, group of insects, XIII. 451.

— island, Honduras, XII. 130. 152. TIDE-GAUGE, XXIII. 370.

TIGRIS, river, Asia, XXIII. 386; I. 135; THYSANURA, order of insects, XIII. 153. TIDE-PREDICTING INSTRUMENT,XXIII.

XVI. 47. THYSSAGETÆ, ancient nomadic race, 371.

Tin, Tomb of, at Sakkarah, Egypt, XVII. Eastern Europe, XXI. 575.

TIDES, XXIII. 353 (table of contents, 34. TIAN-SHAN, mountains, Central Asia, 381); X. 283; laws of, 11. 762; solar Jebel el-, mountain, Arabia, XXII.

II. 686; XVIII. 102; XXI. 640; XXII. and lunar, xv. 687; in relation to 88. 818; XXIII. 631.

navigation, XVII. 275; in rivers xx. TIKUL, town, Yucatan, XXIV. 758. TIARA, headdress, VI. 454.

576; Maclaurin on the theory of, xv. | TILBORGH, Egidius van, Flemish painter, TIBBUS, nomad race, North Africa, 162; action of, in Suez Canal, iv. 791; XXIII. 175.

XXIII. 334; I. 261, 268; XXII. 278. in Mediterranean Sea, xv. 822. TILBURG, or Tilborg, town, Holland,
TIBER, river, Italy, XIII. 438; its mouth, , Atmospheric, XVI. 122.

XXIII. 387.
XVIII. 61.
TIDE-WAVE, XXIII. 372.

TILBURY NOGO, Whyte-Melville's novel,
TIBERIAS, town, Palestine, xxIII. 334; TIDOR, island, Indian Archipelago, xv. 844.
battle of (1187), VI. 627; XXIII. 161. XXIII. 381; claim of sultan of, to New TIL CAKE, or Sesame Cake, XVII. 739.
Lake of, Palestine, X. 29; XVIII. Guinea, xvII. 389.

TILDEN, Samuel Jones, American states171, 173.

TIECK, Friedrich, German sculptor, XXI. man, XXIII. 387. TIBERIUS (Tiberius Claudius Nero), 566.

TILES, XXIII. 387; for roofing, iv. 463; Roman emperor, XXIII. 335; XX. 772. - Ludwig, German tale-writer, XXIII. clay, iv. 283; encaustic, VIII. 187; Arch of, at Orange, France, XVII. 381; X. 542

glazed, for wall linings, XVII. 36. 812.

TIEDEMANN, Friedrich, German anato- TilgHMAN, B. C., inventor of sandABSIMARUS, emperor of the East, mist, XXIII. 383.

blast, XXI. 257. XIII. 798.

TIEDMANN, H., on birds, XVIII. 19, 48. | TILHAR, town, India, XXI. 735. CLAUDIUS DRUSUS (Claudius), TIEFTRUNK, Karl, Bohemian writer, Tilia, genus of trees, XIV. 648. Roman emperor, v. 816; XVII. 348; XXII. 153

TILIMSAN (Tlemcen), town, Algeria, XX. 772, 773. TIEFURT, near Weimar, Germany, XXIV.

XXIII. 422.
TIBESTI, oasis, Africa, I.

250, 261;
491.

TILING, in building, IV. 463. xvII. 695; XXI. 149; XXIII. 334. TIEMANNITE, mineral, XVI. 393. TILKERODITE, mineral, xvi. 391. TIBET, country, Central Asia, XXIII. TIEN-CHWANG-TAI, town, China, XVII. Till, affluent of Tweed, England, xvII. 337; II. 684; XIV. 496; Great and 381.

565; XXIII. 673. Little, xiv. 198; mountain system of, TIEN-FUNG-TAH, pagoda at Ning-Po, or Boulder Clay, X. 367. XI. 821, 823; Lamaism of, xiv. 226; China, XVII. 513.

TILLAGE, of fields, 1. 328; laws for enEuropean travellers in, X. 188. TIENTSIN, town, China, XXIII. 383; V. couragement of, 1. 298. TIBETAN LANGUAGE, XVIII. 779; XXIII. 633.

TILLEMONT, Sébastien le Nain de, 346; dictionaries of, vii. 192.

TIEPOLO, Bajamonte, Venetian con French ecclesiastical historian, XXIII. TIBETANS, race of people, XXIII. 343. spirator, XXIV. 143.

390. TIBETO-BURMAN RACE, XII. 777; lan- TIERNEY, George, English politician, Till EULENSPIEGEL, German chapguage of, xvIII. 779; XXIII. 346. XXIII. 383.

book, viII. 664; X. 527. TIBIA, Anatomy of the, 1. 829, of birds, TIERRA DEL FUEGO, archipelago, TiLLODONTIA, group of fossil ungulate III. 723

South America, XXIII. 383; XVIII. mammals, XV. 432. TIBIÆ, Roman musical instrument, XVII. 352; Indians of, XII. 829.

TILLOTSON, John, archbishop of Canter707,

TIFFIN, town, Ohio, U.S.A., XXIII. 385. bury, XXIII. 390.

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Tilly, Johann Tserclaes, count of, | TIMOTHEUS, or Timothy, of Scripture, | TINNED FOODs, xix. 708. imperial general, xxIII. 391; III. 125; XXIII. 399.

TINNEVELLI, district, India, XXIII. 404;

Athenian general, xxIII. 398. town, xxIII. 405; pearl fishery of, Til Oil, XXI. 693.

Greek musician and poet, XXIII.

XVIII. 447 TILPIN (Turpin), archbishop of Rheims, 399.

TINNEYS, American Indians, XII. 827. romancist, XXIII. 669.

TIMOTHY, of Scripture, XXIII. 399. TINNUNCULUS, genus of birds, xiv. 53. Tilsit, town, Prussia, XXIII. 391; treaty Epistles to, XVIII. 348.

TINPLATE, XIII. 357. of (1807), ix. 616; XVII. 211.

I., metropolitan of Seleucia, Syriac | TINSTONE, XXIII. 400. TIMÆUS, Greek chronologist, v. 710. writer, XXII. 845.

TINTA WINE, Madeira, xv. 178; XXIV. dialogue of Plato, XIX. 209.

II., Nestorian catholicus, Syriac 609. TIMANSK MOUNTAINS, Russia, xxiv. writer, XXII. 856.

TINTERN ABBEY, Monmouthshire, 283.

TIMUR, or Tamerlane, Oriental con England, xvi. 754. TIMANTHES, Greek painter, II. 363. queror, XXIII. 399; 11. 700; his sub- TINTORETTO, I (Jacopo Robusti), TIMARCHUS, Median satrap, XVIII. jugation of Afghanistan, I. 239; in Italian painter, XX. 608. 590.

India, XII. 793; his dealings with TIPHSAH (Thapsacus), Mesopotamia, TIMBER, as building material, iv. 448; Toktamish, xvi. 747; defeats Turks Bridge over Euphrates at, XVI. 49. dry rot in, vii. 493; strength of, vii. under Bayezid, xxii. 641; his de- TIPPECANOE, United States, Battle of 816; XXII. 603. scendants in Persia, XVIII. 632; grave

(1811), XXIII. 759. TREES, 11. 315; forestry regulation of, at Samarkand, XXI. 247.

TIPPERAH, district, British India, XXIII. of, ix. 397 ; of New Zealand, xvII. TIMURANAMA, Persian books, XVIII.

405; XI. 820. 469; of Queensland, xx. 173; of the 657.

TIPPERARY, county, Ireland, XXIII. United States, xxIII. 807. Compare TIMUR KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 742. 405; town, XXIII. 406. also Fir, Oak, Pine, Teak, etc.

Tin, metal, xxIII. 400; XVI. 381, 387; TIPPERMUIR, Scotland, Battle of (1644), TIMBRE, quality of sound, 1. 107, 118; as chemical element, v. 538; constit XVI. 796; XXI. 513. XXIV. 275.

uent of bronze, iv. 366; in pewter, TIPPLER, for emptying mining waggons, TIMBUKTU, Timbuctoo, town, XVIII. 725; strength of, xxII. 603;

XVI. 455. Sahara, Africa, XXIII. 391; I. 271; mines, in Cornwall, Vi. 425; in TIPPOO SAHIB, sultan of Mysore, India, XVII. 497

Queensland, xx. 173; ores of, xvi. 58; XXIII. 406; XII. 803; library of, xiv. TIME, Measurement of, XXIII. 392; 387; ore dressing, XVI. 466; produc 533. dynamical measurement of, vol. 581; tion of, xvi. 467 ; production in TIPTOFT, John, earl of Worcester, deputy Nepalese measurement of, xvii. 343; England, viii, 229; production in in Ireland, vill. 330; XIII. 261. mean and sidereal, VI. 14; at the United States, XXIII. 816.

TIPTON, town, England, XXIII. 406. observatories, xvII. 710; observations TINÆUS of Tauromenium, Sicilian his-Tipu (Tippoo, q.v.), XII. 803. for, at sea, XVII. 268, 272; how kept torian, XXII. 20.

TIPULA OLERACEA, wheat pest, xxiv. at sea by early navigators, XVII. TINAMOU, bird, XXIII. 402.

535. 250; determination of, in surveying, TINAMUS, genus of birds, XXIII. 402. TIRABOSCHI, Girolamo, Italian historian, XXII. 713; zodiacal division of, xxiv. TinaROO, Queensland, Tin mines of, XXIII. 407. 791.

XX. 173.

TIRANO, town, North Italy, XXIV. 45. Effect of, in magnetism, XV. 273. TINAVELLY, district, India, XXIII. 404. TIRANT LO BLANCH, romance, xx. 658. Equation of, in astronomy, II. 772. TINCA, genus of fishes, xxIII. 173. TIRAQUEAU, André, French jurist, xx. Idea of, xx. 64.

TINCHEBRAI, or Tenchebrai, Normandy, 194. in music, xvII. 81.

Battle of (1106), xi. 656; XVII. 544. TIRAVALUR, Tanjore, India, Temple of, TIMEKEEPERS, for sea voyages, XVII. TINCOMMIUS, British king, xxII. 725. 11. 396. 259.

TINCTOR, John (Joannes de Tinctoris), TIRCONAIL, ancient division, Ireland, TIMELIIDÆ, group of birds, XXIV. 366. Flemish musician, xvII. 82, 83.

VII. 362. TIMEPIECES, VI. 13; XXIV. 394.

TINCTURES, in heraldry, Xi. 691. TIRESIAS, of Greek legend, xxIII. 407. Times, The, London newspaper, xvII. TINDAL, Matthew, English deist, XXIII. TIRHUT, or Tirhoot, district, India, 417; XXIII. 710. 403; on natural religion, vii. 35.

XXIII. 407. TIMOCHARIS, Alexandrian astronomer, TINDER, for obtaining fire, xv. 625. TIRIBAZUS, satrap of Sardis, xvIII. 578. II. 748.

TINDER-ORE, mineral, xvi. 388. TIRICH Mir, mountain, Afghanistan, TIMOCRATES, Demosthenes's oration TINDJIL, island, Java, xiii. 600.

XI. 838. against, vii. 69.

TINEA GRANELLA, wheat pest, xxiv. TIRIDATES, king of Armenia, XVII. 350. TIMOLEAGUE, ecclesiastical ruin, Cork, 536.

Arsaces, king of Parthia, xvii. Ireland, vi. 405.

TINEA TONSURANS, or Ringworm, 588. TIMOLEON, Greek statesman and disease, XVIII. 269; XXII. 124.

II., of Parthia, XVIII. 598. general, xxIII. 396; XI. 104; his work TIN-Foil, tin in thin sheets, xxIII. TIRLEMONT, town, Belgium, XXIII. 407. in Sicily and Syracuse, XXII. 19, 816. 401.

TIRSO DE MOLINA (Gabriel Tellez), Timon, Lucian's work, XV. 45.

TINGHAE, town, Chusan, China, v. 767. Spanish dramatist, XXIII. 157; VII. of Athens, misanthrope, XXIII. 397; Tingis, ancient town, North Africa, 421; XXII. 359. Shakespeare's play, XXI. 764. XV. 637; XXIII. 46.

TIRSULI GANDAK, district, Tibet, XXIII. of Phlius, Greek sillograph and TIN ISLANDS, of ancient Britain, IV. 352.

341. sceptic, XXIII. 397. TINKAL, mineral, xvi. 396.

TIRUMALA NAYAK, ruler of Madura, TIMOR, island, Indian Archipelago, 1 TINKER, bird, XI. 262; XX. 302.

India, XV. 193. XXIII. 397; taboo (pamali) system in, TINKERSHIRE, bird, XI. 262.

TIRUMANGALAM, town, India, XV. 192. XXIII. 17

Tin MINING, XVI. 452; XXIII. 400. TIRUPATUR, town, India, XXI. 210. LAUT, island group, Indian Archi Tinné, Alexandrine, Dutch traveller in TIRUVALESWARAMPET, part of Madras pelago, XXIII. 398. Africa, XXIII. 404.

city, India, xv. 188.

211.

TIRUVASAKAM, Tamil hymns, XXIII. 43. anus), Roman emperor, xxIII. 419; | TOBIT, Book of, in Apocrypha, xxIII.
TIRUVAYMOLI, Tamil hymns, XXIII. 44. as general in Judæa, XIII. 428.

427; II, 181.
TIRYNS, or Tirynth, ancient town, TITUS ANDRONICUS, Shakespeare's TOBOL, steppe, Siberia, XXIII. 429;
Greece, XXIII. 407; XVII. 115; Cyclo play, XXI. 763.

river, xvIII. 549.
pean wall at, 11. 345, 402.

TITUSVILLE, town, Pennsylvania, TOBOLSK, government, Russia in Asia,
TISCHENDORF, Lobegott Friedrich Kon U.S.A., XXIII. 420; XVIII. 713,

XXIII. 428; town, XXIII. 430.
stantin, German Biblical critic, XXIII. TIUMEN, or Tyumen, town, Siberia, TOCANTINS, river, Brazil, iv. 221.
409.

XXIII. 714.

TOCHARI, Central Asian nomads,
TISIAS, Greek rhetorician, XX. 509. TIVERTON, town, England, XXIII. 421. XVIII. 594, 600, 603, 606.

(Stesichorus), Greek poet, XXII. TIVOLI, town, Italy, XXIII. 421; XIV. TOCORNACLITE, mineral, xvi. 384.
543.

344; XX. 792; temple of Vesta at, II. TOCQUEVILLE, Alexis Henri Charles
Tisio, or Tisi, Benvenuto, Italian painter, 417.

Chérel, Comte de, French politician,
XXIII. 409.
Tixtla, town, Mexico, XI. 248.

XXIII. 430; IX. 675.
TISIPHONE, one of the Furies, viii. 524. TIYARI, Nestorian district, Kurdistan, TO-DAI-JI, Buddhist temple at Nara,
'Tis PITY SHE'S A WHORE, Ford's

XVII. 357

Japan, XVII. 229.
tragedy, ix. 395.

Tizgi, town, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 149. TODAS, tribe, India, XV. 185; XVII.
TISSAPHERNES, satrap of Sardis, XVIII. TIZIANO, or Titian (q.v.), Italian painter, 509.
575.

XXIII. 413

TODESCHINI, Francesco (Pope Pius
TISSUES, Animal, XII. 4; I. 842; XIX. Marco di, Italian painter, XXIII. III.), XIX. 153.
12; unity of, xx. 420.
416.

TODLEBEN, Eduard Ivanovich, Russian
Vegetable, XII. 10; IV. 83.

Tizio, Sigismondo, Sienese chronicler, general, XXIII. 431; XXI. 102.
Tista, river, India, XXII. 51.

XXII. 43.

TODMORDEN, town, England, XXIII.
Tit, ancient town, Morocco, XVI. 831. TJERIBON, or Cheribon, town, Java, v. 431.
TITANIA, queen of the fairies, XVII. 704. 585; XIII. 606.

TODT, R., German socialist, XXII. 216.
TITANIUM, chemical element, XXIII. TjI ANDJUR, town, Java, XIII. 606. TODTE GEBIRGE, Austria, XXI. 241.
410; V. 538; xxiv. 627.

TJILATJAP, town, Java, XIII. 606. TODUS, genus of birds, XXIII. 431.
TITANOMORPHITE, mineral, xvi. 426. TJITJALENGKA, town, Java, xiii. 606. Tony, bird, xxIII. 431.
TITANS, of Greek mythology, XXII. TJOMÖ, island, Norway, XVII. 576. TOES, Anatomy of, 1. 830; redundancy

410; X. 571; XVII. 155; XXI. 320. TLACATECOLOTL, Mexican deity, xvi. of, XVI. 762; peculiarity of great toe
TITE, Sir William, on ancient London,

in monkeys, II. 148.
XIV. 841.

TLALOCS, Mexican deities, XVI. 212. TOFT, Thomas and Ralph, English
TITHE COMMUTATION ACT (1836), TLAXCALA, town, Mexico, XXIII. 421; potters, xix. 632.
English, its effects on agriculture, I. XVI. 214; state, XVI. 214.

TOFUA, island, South Pacific, ix. 779.
304.

TLAXCALTECs, ancient Mexican race, TOGA, Roman article of dress, VI. 456.
TITHES, of Scripture, XXIII. 410; XIV. XXIII. 421.

TOGATÆ, in Roman comedy, VII. 411.
488.

TLEMCEN, town, Algeria, xxIII. 422. TOGGENBURG, countship, Switzerland,
in law, XXIII. 411.

TLOQUENAHUAQUE, Mexican deity, XXI. 168.
TITHING, division of county, England,

TOGHON, Kalmuk khan, xvi. 745.
VI. 513; XVII. 29.

Tlos, ancient town, Lycia, IX. 67; XV. TIMUR KHAN, emperor of China,
TITHONUS, in Greek mythology, XXIII. 93

XVI. 743.
413.

TMETOTROGON, genus of birds, XXIII. TOGHRAI, Arab poet, 11. 263.
TITIAN (Tiziano Vecellio), Italian painter, 584.

TOGHRUL BEG, Seljuk ruler, XXI. 634.
XXIII. 413; XX. 609; XXI. 436; his TMOLUS, Gold mines of, Asia Minor, TOGO-LAND, district, West Coast,
manner of colouring, XVIII. 139.
XV. 99.

Africa, XXIII. 432.
Titi BANSA, mountains, Malay Penin- TMOUTORAKAN, Khazar principality, TOHOROTH, part of Mishnah, XVI. 505.
sula, XV. 321.

South Russia, xiv. 60.

TOILET POWDERS, XVIII. 526.
TITICACA, Lake, Bolivia and Peru, iv. TOAD, amphibian, XXIII. 422; structure TOISE, standard of length, in geodesic
II; XIV. 217; XVIII. 673.

of, 1. 751; Californian, Xiv. 736. measurements, VII. 598, 605; XXII.
TITIES, early Roman tribe, xx. 732. TOBACCO, plant and narcotic, XXIII. 199.
TITLARK, bird, xix. 112.

423; adulterations of, 1. 174; culture, TOKA, island, South Pacific, xv. 30.
TITLE, to land, xx. 307; register of, xx. in Philippine Islands, xvIII. 751; in TOKAT, town, Turkey, XXIII. 432.
342.

United States, xxIII. 824; in Ken- TOKAY, town, Hungary, XXIII. 432;
TITLES, Abbreviations of, 1. 28.

tucky, U.S A., XIV. 43; in Virginia, wine district, xvII. 688; XXIV. 610.
OF COURTESY, British, XIX. 665. U.S.A., XXIV. 260; of Cuba, vi. 681; TOKEN, The, American literary journal,
OF HONOUR, XXIII. 417.

of India, XII. 750.
Titlis, mountain, Switzerland, xxIII. PIPE, XIX. 110.

MONEY, XVI. 730 ; tokens in
858.
TOBACCO-SEED OIL, XVII. 744.

numismatics, XVII. 656.
TITMOUSE, bird, xxIII. 418.

TOBAGO, island, West Indies, xxIII. TOKEWANNA PEAK, Rocky Mountains,
TITTERSTONE CLEE Hill, England, 427; birds of, 111. 747.

U.S.A., XXIII. 796.
XXI. 847.

TOBERCURRY, town, Ireland, xxII. 159. TOKHARISTAN, province, Central Asia,
TITULUS HONORARIUS, honorary in- | TOBERMORITE, mineral, XVI. 421.

XVIII. 101.
scription, XIII. 128.

TOBERMORY, town, Scotland, XVII. 16. TOKIO (Yedo), town, Japan, XXIII. 432;
TITUREL, Wolfram's love-tale, xxiv. TOBIAS, son of Tobit, XXIII. 427.

XIII. 577.
632.

Children of, in priestly aristocracy | TÖKÖLYI, Emeric, Hungarian noble, XII.
Titus, of Scripture, XXIII. 420.
of Israel, XIII. 420.

370.
Epistle to, xvIII. 348.

TOBIQUE, river, New Brunswick, xvII. TOKTAMISH, Mongol khan, XVI. 747-
(Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasi 373

TOLAND, John, English deist, XXIII.

XVI. 2II.

XI. 537

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