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IX. 323.

747; XIX. 240; diagrams of, vii. 152; STRUENSEE, Johann Friedrich, Count, STURGEON, fish, xxii. 611. XXII. 598; dynamics of, vii. 582; Danish minister, XXII. 608; VII. 87. STURLA, Lawman and Olaf, Icelandic mathematical theory of, vii. 819; on VON CARLSBACH, Carl Gustav, writers, XII. 625. bridges, IV. 285; in engineering, XXII. Prussian minister, XXII. 608.

STURLOSON, or Sturluson, Snorri or 594, 598, 601, 603; in joints, XIII. STRUMA, disease, XXI. 554.

Snorro, Icelandic writer, XXII. 201; 732.

-, river, Macedonia, XV. 137.

XXI. 368; XII. 622, 625; Edda of, vii. STRIATION, in crystals, XVI. 368. STRUTHIO, genus of birds, XVIII. 62, 44. 649. STRICKLAND, Agnes, English historical STRUTS, Strength of, 1V. 321; XXII. 606. STURM, Jacob, ruler of Strasburg, XXII. writer, XXII. 607.

STRUVE, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm, Ger 589. Hugh Edwin, on birds, XVIII. man astronomer, xxII. 608; his work Jacques Charles François, Swiss 14.

on measurement of arc of meridian, mathematician, XXII. 612; I. 516. STRICTURE OF THE PYLORUS, disease, VII. 600.

Johann Christoph, founder of the XXII. 575. STRUVITE, mineral, xvi. 406.

Collegium Curiosum, l. 71. STRIEGAU, town, Prussia, XXII. 607. Stry, town, Galicia, Austria, XXII. 609. 5, Johannes von, of Strasburg, on STRIGES, group of birds, XVIII. 47. STRYCHNIA, vegetable alkaloid, XVII. education, VII. 673. STRIGOPS, genus of birds, XIII. 825; 687.

STURMHAUBE, mountain, Germany, xx. XVIII. 323. STRYCHNINE, as poison, XIX. 279.

552. STRIKE, of rocks, X. 298.

STRYCHNOS, genus of plants, XVII. 687. STURMIUS, abbot of Fulda, ix. 813. of workmen, XXIII. 500.

STRYMON, river, Macedonia, XV. 137. STURM UND DRANG, movement in GerSTRING, Manufacture of, XX. 845. STRYPE, John, English historical and man literature, VII. 442; X. 537. STRING-COURSE, in architecture, II. biographical writer, xxII. 609. STURNUS, genus of birds, XXII. 457. 474.

STRZELECKI, Count, on the geology of STURT, Charles, Australian explorer, STRINGFELLOW'S FLYING MACHINE, Australia, III. 108.

XXII. 612; III. 104. STUART, Scottish royal family of, xxii. STUTTERING, defect of speech, XXII. STRINGS, Musical, I. III, 112; violin, 609; XXI. 490; their connexion with

447 XXIV. 244, 246.

house of Orange, XII. 79.

STUTTGART, town, Würtemberg, XXII. STRINNHOLM, Anders Magnus, Swedish Arabella, wife of William Seymour, 612; libraries of, XIV. 527, 547. historian, XXII. 758.

XXII. 610.

STUYVESANT, Peter, director, New Strix, genus of birds, XVIII. 89.

Sir Charles, English envoy in Netherland, America, XVII. 455. STROH, A., his stereoscope, XXII. 540. Portugal, xix. 551.

STYLE, of a dial, vii. 154. STROKHR, geyser, Iceland, X. 557.

Charles Edward (The Pretender), in plants, iv. 144. STRÖM, Hans, Norse zoologist, XVII. VIII. 355; 1. 449; V. 426; XXI. 520; STYLIOLA, genus of Mollusca, XVI. 665. 590. XXII. 610.

STYLITE, Joshua the, Syriac writer, STROMATA, or Stromateis, of Clemens - Gilbert, American portrait-painter, XXII. 832. Alexandrinus, v. 819. XXII. 611.

STYLITES, order of ascetics, XVI. 701. STROMBOLI, island, Lipari group, Medi James, second earl of Murray, Simeon, early Christian ascetic, terranean, xiv. 683.

regent of Scotland, xv. 595, 599; XVI. 701; XXII. 830. STROME FERRY, Ross-shire, Scotland, XVII. 62; XXI. 503.

STYLOBATE, in architecture, II. 474; XX. 854.

James, joint-author of Antiquities Greek, II. 403. STROMEYERITE, mineral, xvi. 392.

of Athens, II. 444.

STYLOGRAPH, pen, XVIII. 484. STRÖMLING, fish, III. 297.

James Frederick Edward (The Pre- STYLOMMATOPHORA, suborder of MolSTROMNESS, town, Orkney, Scotland, tender), XIII. 560; IX. 581; XXII. 610. lusca, xvi. 66o. XVII. 848.

John, earl of Bute, iv. 511. STYLOTIP, mineral, xvi. 395. STRONGBOW, Earl (Richard de Clare), John M.Douall, Australian ex- STYLUS, ancient writing implement, invasion of Ireland by, XIII. 258. plorer, XXII. 611; III. 105.

XVIII. 483. STRONGYLOSOMA, genus of Myriapoda, Mary, queen of Scots, xxII. 610. STYRAX, shrub, xxII. 577; gum from it, XVII. 120. See Mary.

XII. 718; XIV. 687. STRONGYLUS, genus

of nematode STUBBS, William, on the origin of the STYRIA, duchy, Austria, XXII. 613. worms, XVII. 325; XXIV. 205, 206. jury system, XIII. 784.

STYRIAN ALPS, I. 630.
STRONSAY, island, Orkney, Scotland, Stucco, in plaster work, iv. 507; wall Styx, legendary river, xx11. 614.
XVII. 846.
decorations in, XVII. 36.

waterfall, Arcadia, Greece, II. 326. STRONTIANITE, mineral, XVI. 398; STUD-BOOK, English, XII. 183.

SUABIA (Swabia), ancient duchy, GerXXII. 607.

STUDENTS, in early universities, XXIII. many, XXII. 729. STRONTIUM, chemical element, XXII. 833

SUADIVA, atoll, Maldive Islands, xv. 607; V. 525.

STUDIUM, monastery, at Constantinople, 328. STROPHANTHUS, genus of plants, XXII.

XVI. 700.

SUAKIN, or Suakim, town, Red Sea, 608.

STUDIUS, founder of an order of monks, Africa, XXII. 615, 316. STROPHOMENIDÆ, family of Brachio

XVI. 700.

SUANIANS, race of people, Caucasus, v. poda, IV. 195.

STUDY OF WORDS, Trench's work, 257. STROPHULUS, skin disease, XXII. 122. XXIII. 541.

SUARDI, Bartolommeo (Bramantino), STROUD, town, England, xxII. 608. STUFFING, of animals, XXIII. 89.

Italian painter, XXII. 615. STROZZI, Filippo, Tuscan noble, xv. STUFFS, Ancient textile, XXIII. 207. SUAREZ, Francisco, Spanish theologian 789.

STUHLWEISSENBURG, town, Hungary, and philosopher, xxII. 615; XXI. 431. Piero, Tuscan warrior, xv. 790. XXII. 611.

SUATOPLUK, ruler of Moravia, xvi. 811. STRUCTURES, Theory of, in mechanics, STURA, river, Italy, XIII. 435.

SUBARNAREKHA, river, India, XXII. 94. XV. 750.

STURE, Sten and Svante, regents of SUBCONSCIOUSNESS, in psychology, STRUEL SPRINGS, Ireland, vii. 382. Sweden, XXII. 747.

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XX. 47

VII. 91.

SUBDEACONS, minor order of Roman | SUCRE, Antonio José, president of Boli- | SUGAR OF LEAD, XIV. 378.
Catholic Church, xvII. 820.

via, Iv. 17

SUGAR-PINE, tree, xix. 105; of U.S.A., SUBEN, Egyptian divinity, VII. 718. SUCTORIA, order of Protozoa, xix. 865. XXIII. 809. SUBIACO, town, Italy, XXII. 616; SUDAN, or Soudan, region, Central SUGDEN, Edward Burtenshaw, Lord library of, xiv. 530.

Africa, XXII. 277, 143; XVII. 316. St Leonards, lord chancellor of EngSUBJECT, in psychology, XX. 39. SUDBURY, town, England, XXII. 618. land, xxi. 182. SUBLAPSARIANISM, theological doc- SUDENI, ancient tribes, Lithuania, xiv. SUGER, Abbé, regent of France, IX. 539. trine, XIX. 670.

701.

SUGHUDA (Sogdiana), ancient province, SUBLAQUEUM (Subiaco), ancient town, SUDETES, mountains, Austria, III. 116; Persia, XXII. 246. Italy, XXII. 616.

XVI. 810; XXII. 53.

SUGUT, river, North Borneo, XXI. 123. SUBLEYRAS, Pierre, French painter, SUDHARAM, town, India, XVII. 524. SUH-CHOW, or Su-Chow, town, China, XXII. 616.

SUDOGDA, town, Russia, XXIV. 271. XXII. 617. SUBLIMATION, in distillation, VII. 260; SUDRAKA, Hindu dramatist, XXI. 285. Suhl, town, Prussia, XXII. 629. of vapour, vill. 727.

SUDRAS, Hindu caste, Iv. 203, 204; V. SUHM, Peter Frederik, Danish historian, SUBLIME AND BEAUTIFUL, Burke's 188. work on the, iv. 540.

SUE, Joseph Marie (Eugène Sue), French SUICIDE, XXII. 629; in relation to life SUBMARINE MINES, XXIII. 449.

novelist, XXII. 619; IX. 678.

assurance, XIII. 197. SUBMARINE TELEGRAPHIC CABLES, SUERAH, town, Morocco, XVI. 543. SUIDÆ, family of ungulate mammals, XXIII. 114.

SUESSA AURUNCA (Sessa), ancient town, XXII. 772. SUBMISSION, in law, II. 312.

Italy, XXI. 693.

SUIDAS, Greek lexicographer, XXII. 631; SUBORNATION OF PERJURY, XVIII. SUET, animal fat, XXIII. 34.

XI. 146. 548.

SUETONIUS, Caius Tranquillus, Latin SuiDGER (Pope Clement II.), v. 821. SUBPOENA, in law, xxII. 642; xxiv. writer, XXII. 619; on the early Chris- SUINDINUM (Le Mans), Roman town, 696.

tians, XIII. 658; his place in Roman France, xv. 497. SUBSTANCE, in Cartesianism, V. 143; literature, xx. 726.

Suir, river, Ireland, xIII. 216; XXIII. Leibnitz's doctrine of, XIV. 420 ; SUEUR, Eustache le, French painter, 405; XXIV. 400. Locke's, xiv. 760; Kant's, XIII. 853. XXII. 619.

SUISSE FOREZIENNE, valley, France, SUBSTANTIALITY, Perception of, in psy Thomas le, on magnetism, XV. 236. XIV. 807. chology, xx. 57.

SUEVI, confederation of tribes of ancient SUKHONA, river, Russia, XXI. 73. SUBTIABA, Indian town, Nicaragua, XIV. Germany, X. 473; their inroads on SUKKERTOPPEN, district, Greenland, XI. 455.

Rome, xx. 780; in Spain, XXII. 308. 170. SUBTRACTION, in algebra, l. 520; in SUEVIA (Swabia), ancient duchy, Ger- SUKKOTHAI, ancient town, Siam, xxi. arithmetic, 11. 527. many, XXII. 729.

854. SUBUKTIGIN, sultan of Ghazni, xv. SUEZ, town, Egypt, XXII. 620.

SUKKUR, town, India, XXI. 803. 286.

Gulf of, Red Sea, xx. 316.

SULA, genus of birds, X. 70. SUBZAWAR, town, Persia, XVIII. 627.

CANAL, XXII. 620; I. 266; IV. 789; SULAIMAN, shah of Persia, XVIII. 639. SUCCAT (St Patrick, 9.v.), patron saint Lord Palmerston's opposition to, XVIII. Seljuk ruler, XXI. 636. of Ireland, xviii. 411. 197.

Suleiman, or Suleyman, I., sultan SUCCESSION, in law, xix. 734; in re SUFETULA (Sbeitla), ancient town, of Turkey, XXII. 251; XXIII. 643; lation to remainder and reversion, XX. Africa, XXIII. 620.

contests of, with Persia, xvIII. 636. 372; under testament, xxiv. 570; in SUFFOCATION, Death from, xv. 781.

II., Turkish sultan, XXIII. 645. Roman law, xx. 673, 691, 702, 706, SUFFOLK, county, England, xxII. 621. Arabic geographer, X. 177. 713; in Salic law, XXI. 214.

DUNS, breed of cattle, 1. 389. Sully, river, Isle of Man, xv. 450. -Psychological presentation of, xx. PUNCH, horse, I. 385.

SULITELMA, mountain, Sweden, xxu. 64; Locke on ideas of, xiv. 759.

WITCHES, Trial of, xxiv. 621. 736. - Spanish, Question of, VIII. 352; IX. SUFI II., shah of Persia, XVIII. 638. SULLA, Lucius Cornelius, Roman 575; XXII. 334; war of, III. 126; ix. DYNASTY, Persia, XVIII. 634. general, XXII. 632 ; XX. 760; at 580; X. 502; XIV. 466; XXII. 335. SUFIS, Mohammedan sect, VII. 113; Athens, III. 8; in Jugurthine War, DUTY, XXII. 616.

XXII. 662; pantheism of, xvIII. 658. XIII. 767; his contests with Marius, SUCCINIC ACID, I. 660.

See also Sufism.

XV. 550; in the Mithradatic War, xv. SUCCINITE, mineral, XVI. 428.

SUFISM, Persian philosophical system, 56; his relations with Pompey, Xix. SUCCORY (Chicory), plant, v. 614.

XXIII. 242; XI. 368; XVI. 594; XVII. 451. SUCCUBUS, dream demon, vii. 62.

130; xviii. 634; XXII. 659.

SULLY, Maximilien de Béthune, duke of, SUCHET, Louis Gabriel, duke of Albu- SUGAR, XXII. 622; chemistry of, v. 564; French statesman, XXII. 633; IX. 565.

fera, French marshal, XXII. 617; I. adulteration of, 1. 172; relations to Maurice de, early French sermon456.

alcohol, 1. 470; from beet, 1. 382; in writer, ix. 648. SUCHız, river, Peru, XVIII. 673.

grape juice, xxiv. 603; malt, XV. 338; | SULMONA, town, Italy, XXII. 634. Su-Chow, town, Kan-suh, China, XXII. maple, XV. 524; in plants, IV. 88; XIX. SULPHATES, in chemistry, v. 505; 617.

54; use of, in brewing, iv. 271; culture occurring in rocks, X. 228; of alumina, , town, Kiang-su, China, xxII. 617. of, in Java, XIII. 604; in the Philip 1. 645; XXII. 637; of ammonia, XVII.

-, town, Sze-chuen, China, XXII. 617. pines, XVIII. 751; in Queensland, xx. 515; of baryta, m. 406; of copper, SUCKER, or Lump-Sucker, fish, xv. 173; production of, in Brazil, iv. 227; XXII. 637; of iron, vi. 352; of lime, 65.

in Cuba, vi. 681; in India, XII. 748; xiv. 648; XI. 351; of lime, as manure, SUCKLING, Sir John, English poet and in United States, XXIII. 824.

1. 351; of magnesia, viii. 496; XV. 217; courtier, XXII. 617.

BERRY, tree, XI. 360.

of potash, xix. 592; of quinine, xx. SUCRE, town, Bolivia, South America, SUGAR-BIRD, XXII. 628.

184; of silver, XXII. 71; of soda, XXII. XXII. 618. SUGAR CANDY, VI. 257.

240.

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III. 599.

V.

SULPHIDEs, in chemistry, v. 478; X. SUMMER-CATARRH, disease, XI. 542. SUN-FISH, XXII. 658; XII. 690; XVII.

228; of iron, XIII. 280; of mercury, SUMMER ISLANDS, or Bermudas (q.v.), 777; XXI. 777. XVI. 34; metallic, or pyrites, xx. 128;

SUNFLOWER, plant, XXII. 659; oil from, in metallic ores, XVI. 61. SUMMER REDBIRD, XXIII. 45.

XVII. 746. SULPHUR, chemical element and mineral, SUMMERSIDE, town, Prince Edward SUNGARI, river, Manchuria, xv. 466. XXII. 634; V. 498; X. 228; XVI. 380; Island, xix. 740.

SUNGARS, Mongol people, XVI. 749; as fuel, ix. 809; as an ingredient of SUMMER-SNIPE, bird, xxi. 260.

XXIII. 636. gunpowder, XI. 320, 324; its presence SUMMER-TEAL, bird, x. 80.

SUNGEI UJONG, district, Straits Settlein iron, XIII. 283; as plant food, xix. SUMMERVILLE, town, South Carolina, ments, XXII. 587. 49; mines of, in Formosa, v. 636; in U.S.A., XXII. 287.

SUNIUM, Greece, Temple at, 111. 60. Sicily, XXII. 30.

SUMMISTS, scholastic philosophers, XXI. SUNNA, or Sunneh, Moslem traditional ALCOHOLS AND ETHERS, 425.

law, XVI. 553, 594; XI. 508. 553.

SUMMONS, in law, XXII. 642; xxiv. SUNNIN, mountain, Syria, xiv. 393. SULPHURETTED HYDROGEN, V. 499; 696; in Scots law, XIX. 220.

SUNNITES, division of the MohamXXII. 635; as a poison, XIX. 279. SUMNER, Charles, American statesman, medans, XXII. 659; II. 722; XI. 508. SULPHURIC ACID, V. 503; XXII. 636. XXII. 643.

SUN-SIGNALLING, XI. 632. SULPHURIC ETHER, as an anæsthetic, SUMPTUARY LAWS, XXII. 643.

SUN-SPOTS, II. 783; XXII. 646; their 1. 789.

SUMTER, Fort, South Carolina, U.S.A., connexion with the aurora, III. 97; SULPHUROUS ACID, XXII. 636; as a its surrender, XXIII. 774.

with terrestrial magnetism, XVI. 169, poison, XIX. 279.

Thomas, American politician, 175, 179, 180; with rainfall, ix. 26; SULPHUR SALTS, V. 505; group of XXIII. 790.

cycles of, XII. 739; Herschel's observaminerals, XVI. 394. SUMY, town, Russia, XXII. 645.

tions on, XI. 766. SULPHUR SPRINGS, XVI. 435.

SUN, XXII. 645; 11. 768, 783; determina- SUNSTONE, mineral, xvi. 420. SULPICIA, Tibullus's poems on, XXIII. tion of distance of, 11. 796; eclipses of, SUNSTROKE, XXII. 666; XVIII. 394; 349.

II. 788 (see Eclipse); source of heat death from, xv. 781. SULPICIUS RUFUS, P., Roman tribune, of, xvII. 311; its light compared with SUNT ISLANDS, Nile, Africa, xvii. XX. 760.

that of moon, xvIII. 842; its influence 507. SULPICIUS SEVERUS, early Christian on terrestrial magnetism, xvi. 167, SUPERFETATION, XV. 779. writer, XXI. 702.

176, 179; measurements of, XVI. 250; SUPERIOR, in land tenure, XIV. 264. SULTAN, sovereign of Turkey, XXIII. its connexion with meteoroids, XVI. Lake, North America, xiv. 217; 654; his place in Islam, XXII. 661; 113; nautical observations by means XXI. 177, 182; copper mines of, xxIII.

list of Ottoman sultans, XXIII. 652. of, xvII. 268; parallax of, XVIII. 245; 816. SULTANA, Moslem title, XI. 478.

influence of, on tides, XXIII. 354, 365, SUPERNATURALISM, XX. 289. SULTANABAD, town, Persia,

368; festival of, at Heliopolis, xix. SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME, as manure, 627.

91; festivals, in Japan, XIX. 92; myths 1. 348; manufacture of, xxII. 636. SULTANA RAISINS, XX. 258; of Stanchio, of, xv. 777; XVII. 157; temple of, at SUPERSTITION, among primitive races, VI. 444.

Baalbec, III. 177; worship of, by ancient VIII. 623; Plutarch on, XIX. 234. SULTAN-DAGH, mountains, Asia Minor, Greeks, II. 185; by Peruvians, I. 697; SUPLINBURG, Count of (emperor LothII. 705.

XX. 364; by Phænicians, XVIII. 802 air), xv. 9. SULTANPUR, district and town, India, (see also Baal); by Sabæans, xxiv. SUPPLIANTS, The, Euripides's play, XXII. 637. 741. See also Sun-Spots.

VIII. 676. Sulu, town, Philippines, XVIII. 750, SUNAR, river, India, XXI. 146.

SUPPLICATIONS, of the Litany, xiv. 696. 752.

SUN-BIRD, XXII. 651; XII. 359. SUPPLIES, Granting of, in parliament, ISLANDS, Philippines, xvIII. 752; SUN-BITTERN, bird, xxII. 652; XX.

XVIII. 313. pearl fisheries of, xvIII. 447. 223.

Military, XXIV. 349. SULZER, Johann Georg, Swiss art critic, SUNDA ISLANDS, Indian Archipelago, SUPPLY AND DEMAND, in economics, X. 535; XXII. 798.

XXII. 653; XII. 815; language of, XXIV. 47. SUMACH, plant, xiv. 382; in U.S.A., XIII. 606.

SUPPORTERS, in heraldry, XI. 710. XXIII. 808.

SUNDARBANS, swamps at mouth of SUPPURATION, in inflammatory diseases, SUMANAP ISLANDS, Java, XIII. 600. Ganges, India, X. 68.

XVIII. 400; of wounds, xxII. 682; in SUMAROKOFF,

Alexander, Russian SUNDA STRAIT, Indian Archipelago, process of healing, xvIII. 365. dramatist, VII. 444; XXI. 106.

XXII. 653, 638.

SUPRALAPSARIANISM, theological docSUMATRA, island, Indian Archipelago, SUNDAY, XXII. 653; relation of, to the trine, xix. 670.

XXII. 638; 11. 687; birds of, 111. 763. Sabbath, xxi. 125; sale on, illegal, SUPRARENAL BODIES, I. 908; diseases SUMBAL, or Sumbul, drug, xxII. 641. XXI. 208.

of, xvIII. 384. SUMBAWA, island, Indian Archipelago, SUNDERLAND, town, England, XXII. SUPREMACY ACT (1535), England, xi. XXII. 641. 657

664; XXIII. 199. SUMBULPOOR, town, India, XXI. 247. Second Earl of, English statesman, SUPREME COURT, of United States, 11. SUMELAS, monastery, Armenia, XXIII. XXII. 657.

210; XIII. 789; XXIII. 750. 534.

Third Earl of, English statesman, Sur, town, Palestine, XXIII. 710. SUMENEP, town, Madura, Indian Archi XXII. 658.

SURA, river, Russia, xvIII. 514; XXII. pelago, XV. 194.

SUNDEVALL, Carl Johan, on birds, 76; XXIV. 279. SUMER, district, Mesopotamia, xvi. 51. XVIII. 23, 37

SURABAYA, town, Java, XIII. 605, 606; SUMIDA, river, Japan, XXIII. 432. SUNDEW, plant, XIII. 134.

XXII. 667.
SUMMAM, river, Algeria, 1. 563.
SUN-DIAL, VII. 153.

SURAHWA NUT, XVII. 664.
SUMMARY JURISDICTION, Court of, SUNDILAH (Sandila), town, India, SURAJAH DOWLAH, Bengali ruler, vi.
XXII. 641.
XVIII. 72.

IO; XII. 801.

XVIII.

II. 400.

SURAKARTA, town, Java, xvIII. 601, | SURVIVORSHIP, Presumption of, xv. | SUZUNSK, town, Siberia, XXIII. 439. 606; XXII. 667.

779.

SVANBERGITE, mineral, XVI. 408. SURAM, Mountains of, Caucasia, V. 252. Sus, genus of ungulate mammals, XXII. SVART, Peder, Swedish chronicler, XXII. SURAS, sections of the Koran, XVI. 598. 773.

754. SURASHTRA, district, India, XIV. 14.

Wady, river, Morocco, XVI. 832. SVEABORG, fortress, Finland, Russia, SURAT, district, India, XXII. 667; town, SUSA, town, Italy, XXII. 722.

XXII. 728. XXII. 667; English factory at, XII. town, North Africa, XI. 366. SVEALAND, division of Sweden, XXII. 798.

ancient town, Persia, XXII. 722; 736. SURAYI, modern Nestorians, XVII. 358. XXI. 849; architectural remains at, SVEDBERG (Swedenborg, q.v.), Emanuel, SURAZH, town, Russia, XXIII. 96; xxiv.

Swedish mystic, XXII. 758 262.

SUSANNA, of the Apocrypha, XXII. 723; Jesper, bishop of Skara, Swedish SURBASE, in architecture, II. 474.

II. 181.

poet, XXII. 755, 758. SURBITON, town, England, xxII. 667. SUSANNITE, mineral, xvi. 400.

SVENDBORG, town, Denmark, vii. 83. SUR-DAS, Hindi writer, XI. 845. SUSARION, Greek comedian, xv. 828. SVERRI, Norwegian chief, xvII. 588. SURDS, in algebra, I. 534.

SUSIANA (Elam), ancient province, SVETO-BRDO, mountain, Dalmatia, Vi. SURDUS LOQUENS, John Conrad Am Persia, VII. 794; XIV.68; as a Parthian 783. man's work, vil. 6.

satrapy, XVIII. 586, 592.

SVIATOSLAFF, Russian chief, XXI. 88. SUREN, Syriac writer, xxII. 844. Suso, Heinrich, German mystic, X. 526; SVIENCIANY, town, Russia, XXIV. 234. SURENAS, Parthian general, XVIII.

XVII. 133.

Svir, river, Russia, xvII. 772; XXI. 73. 596.

SUSPENSION BRIDGES, IV. 301; me SVIYAGA, river, Russia, XXII. 76. SURETY, in law, XXII. 667; XI. 236; chanics of, xv. 740.

SWABBERS, in primitive whist, xxiv. XVIII. 309.

SUSQUEHANNA, river, U.S.A., xv. 603; 543. SURFACE, in geometry, XXII. 668.

XVIII. 500.

SWABIA, ancient duchy, Germany, XXII. SURFACE-DRAINING, I. 329.

Sussex, county, England, xxII. 723. 729. SURFACE-TENSION, of fluids, v. 62. SUSSEXITE, mineral, XVI. 396.

province, Bavaria, III. 453. SURF-DUCK, bird, XXI. 470.

SÜSSMILCH, J. P., Prussian statistician, SWAFFHAM, town, England, XVII. 536. SURGERY, XXII. 672; in relation to XXII. 462.

SWAHILI, people, East Coast, Africa, medicine, xv. 796; Desault's contri SUSTENTATION FUND, of Free Church

XXII. 729. butions to, VII. 115; Hunter's, XII. of Scotland, ix. 744.

COAST, East Africa, XXIV. 768. 387; Syme's, XXII. 810; academies of, Susu, dolphin of the Ganges, XII. 743. SWAINSON, William, on birds, XVIII. 13. 1. 77; societies, XXII. 226.

SUTHERLAND, county, Scotland, XXII. SWALE, river, England, xxiv. 747. SURGUT, town, Siberia, XXIII. 430.

726.

SWALEDALE TROUT, fish, XXI. 223. SURI, town, India, III. 697.

SUTLEJ, river, India, XII. 847; XX. 107; SWALLOW, bird, xxII. 729; migrations SURICATE, carnivorous mammal, xv. reached by Alexander, I. 484.

of, 111. 769. 437

SUTORS OF CROMARTY, headlands, SWALLOWING, Process of, 1. 838; XVII. SURINAM, or Dutch Guiana, South Scotland, xx. 854.

669. America, XI. 251.

SUTRA OF REASON AND OF VIRTUE, SWAMMERDAM, John, Dutch naturalist, SURKHAB, river, Central Asia, xii. 3; by Laou-tsze, v. 664.

XXII. 730; 1. 812. XVIII. 103.

SUTRAS, in Sanskrit literature, XXI. SWAN, bird, xxII. 730. SURKHAN, river, Central Asia, XII. 3. 274.

SWANENBURCH, J. I.

van, Dutch SURNAMES, X. 144; XVII. 169; in Eng- SUTRO TUNNEL, Comstock mines, painter, XX. 373. land, vill. 300.

Nevada, U.S.A., XVII. 368.

SWAN-GOOSE, bird, x. 778. SURPLICE, church vestment, vi. 463. SUTTEE, Hindu rite, XXII. 727; IV. 210; SWANHERD, Royal, in England, XXII. SURPLUS VALUE, Marx's theory of, abolition of, xii. 806.

731. XXII. 211.

SUTTER, John Augustus, early settler SWANIMOTE, forest court, early England, SURRENDER, in law, XXII. 692.

in California, xxi. 132; discoverer of SURRENTUM (Sorrento), ancient town, gold there, iv. 694.

SWAN-PAN, Chinese arithmetical abacus, Italy, XXII. 276.

SUTTON COLDFIELD, town, England, SURREY, county, England, XXII. 693.

XXII. 727.

SWAN RIVER, Western Australia, nii. Earl of, English poet, XXII. 694; SUTTON-IN-ASHFIELD, town, England, 107; XXIV. 507. VIII. 415; his relations with Wyat, XXII. 727; XVII. 598.

SWANSEA, town, Wales, XXII. 732. XXIV. 704. SUTURES, Anatomy of, 1. 832.

SWARMING, of bees, III. 495. SURROGATE, ecclesiastical deputy, XXII. Sutz, lake-dwelling, Bienne, Switzer- SWARTZ, Olof, Swedish botanist, XXII. 695. land, XIV. 223.

733. - judicial administrator, in U.S.A., SUVARNAMUKHI, river, India, XVII. SWATOW, or Swartow, town, China, XXII. 695. 320.

XXII. 733
SURTURBRAND, mineral, XVI. 429. SUWAKIM (Suakin), seaport, Red Sea, SWEARING, Judicial, XVII. 698.
SURVEYING, XXII. 695; geodesic, X. Africa, XXII. 615, 316.

AND CURSING, Laws against, III. 163.

SUWALKI, government, Russian Poland, 807. Book of, agricultural work, I. XXII. 727; town, XXII. 728.

SWEAT, SWEATING, XVII. 685; sweat 296.

SUWAROFF, or Suvoroff, Alexander glands, 1. 899; excessive sweating, SURVEY OF LONDON, Stow's, XXII. 580. Vasilievich, Russian general, XXII. XXII. I 20. SURVILLIERS, Comte de (Joseph Bona 728; XXI. 100; his retreat through SWEATING SICKNESS, XXII. 734. parte, q.v.), iv. 28.

Switzerland, III. 130; his successes SWEDEN, XXII. 736; union of, with SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST, in biology, against the Turks, XXIII. 647.

Norway(1814), xvII.589; Reformation 1. 87; VIII. 615, 750; xxiv. 80; in SUZDAL, principality, Russia, xxi. 89; in, XX. 336; under Charles XII., V. 420; relation to socialism, XXII. 219. town, XXIV. 271.

under Gustavus Adolphus, XI. 333;

IX. 409.

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academy, 1.73, 76; army, 11.616; birds, Swiss CONFEDERATION, XXII. 781 SYLTOPPAR, mountain, Sweden, XXII. XVIII. 17; church, viii. 491; rising Swiss LEAGUES (1320 and 1803), XXII. 736. of the coast of, iv. 412; coins, XVII.

783.

Sylva, André Nunes de, Portuguese 658; fisheries, IX. 267; forests, IX. 399; Swiss LITERATURE, XXII. 796.

poet, xix. 556. Jews in, XIII. 686; language, XXI. SWITCHES, Railway, XX. 237.

SYLVANA, Weber's opera, XXIV. 468. 370; Lapps, xiv. 305; libraries, xiv. SWITHUN, St, bishop of Winchester, SYLVANITE, mineral, xvi. 393. 532, 549; mines, XVI. 469; newspapers, XXII. 775.

SYLVESTER I., pope, XXII. 74. XVII. 429; observatories, XVII. 714; SWITZERLAND, country, Europe, xxII. II., pope, XXII. 74; XIX. 497; as periodical literature, XVIII. 543; prison 776 (index, 800); Reformation in, scholastic philosopher, XXI. 421. system, XIX. 763; railways, XX. 251; XX. 331; William Tell's place in its III., pope, XXII. 76; XIX. 498.

weights and measures, XXIV. 490. history, XXIII. 155; Winkelried's, Russian writer, XXI. 104. SWEDENBORG,

Emanuel, Swedish XXIV. 612; Zwingli’s Reformation James Joseph, mathematician, I. mystic, XXII. 758; XVII. 135; as theo movement, XXIV. 833; Alps of, I. 516; on the rolling ellipsoid, xv. 737; sophist, XXIII. 279; Swedenborgianism, 625; army, 11. 616; coins, xvII. 656; his four-point problem, xix. 785. XXII. 759.

forests, ix. 403; confederate govern- Sylvia, genus of birds, XVIII. 53; xxiv. SWEDES, people of Northern Europe, ment, ix. 62; Italian dialect spoken 366, 553, 688. XXII. 744.

in, XIII. 492; Jews in, XIII. 686; lake SYLVICULTURE, or Forestry, ix. 397. SWEDIAUR, Dr, on ambergris, l. 660. dwellings, XIV. 223; land-tenure, xiv. SYLVIIDÆ, family of birds, XXIV. 367. SWEDISH LANGUAGE, XXI. 370 ; dic 262; libraries, xiv. 528, 548; news SYLVINE, mineral, xix. 588. tionaries of, vii. 186.

papers, XVII. 431; observatories, XVII. SYLVITE, mineral, xvi. 384. SWEDISH LITERATURE, XXII. 753. 713; periodical literature, XVIII. 542; Sylvius (Francis de la Boë), Dutch SWEET, Henry, on sound notation, XXII. police system, xix. 344; prison system, chemist and physician, V. 460; XV. 385.

XIX. 763; railways, xx. 251; univer 810. BRIER, plant, vii. 698.

sity statistics, XXIII. 849; weights Æneas (Pope Pius II.), xix. 152. FLAG, plant, IX. 280.

and measures, XXIV. 490; Zschokke's - Jacobus (Jacques Dubois), French GUM, XIV. 687.

works on, xxiv. 825; Dufour's survey anatomist, 1. 807; XXII. 676. OIL, XX. 273. map of, vii. 515.

SYMBHUNATHA, town, Nepal, XVII. 342. PEA, garden annual, XII. 249; SWORD, XXII. 800; VI. 733; ancient SYMBIOSIS, vegetable commensalism, XVIII. 441. swords, II. 553.

XVIII. 268. POTATO, XIX. 597; XXIV. 727.

Order of the Brothers of the, SYMBOLIC METHOD, or Calculus of SEDGE, plant, IX. 280. Livonia, XIV. 724.

Operations, XIII. 28. WILLIAM, plant, xix. 107.

SWORD-FISH, XXII. 804; XV. 399. SYMBOLICS, department of theology, VI. SWEGEN, Sweyn, or Svend, Dano SWYNDERLY, Lollard fanatic, xiv. 811. 558, 565; XXIII. 276.

English king, VIII. 287; VII. 84. SYBARIS, town, Magna Grecia, Italy, SYMBOLISM, Mystic, xv. 202; of the SWEINBIORNSSON, Hrafn, Icelandic XXII. 805; river, XV. 37.

Physiologus, xix. 7; zodiacal, xxiv. chief and poet, XII. 625.

SYCAMORE, tree, XV. 524; culture of, 791; Lully's, xv. 64. SWELL, rolling waves, XXIV. 419.

11. 317; use of the wood for carving, SYMBOLS, Hieroglyphic, XI. 794, 802. SWERKER KARLSSON, Swedish king, XXIV. 645.

Logical, xiv. 801. XXII. 745.

FIG, tree, IX. 154.

of number, xvII. 625. SWETAMBARAS, Jain sect, India, XIII. SYCANDRA, genus of sponges, XXII. SYMBOLUM QUICUNQUE, or Athanasian 544. 424.

Creed, vi. 562. SWEYN, or Swegen, Dano-English king, SYCON TYPE, of sponges, XXII. 413.

SYME, James, Scottish surgeon, XXII. VII. 84, 89; VIII. 287. Sycosis, disease, XVIII. 269.

810. SWIETENIA, genus of trees, xv. 288. SYDENHAM, suburb of London, England, SYMEON, surnamed Metaphrastes, BySwift, bird, XXII. 760.

XXII. 805.

zantine hagiographer, XXII. 811. Jonathan, dean of St Patrick's, -Thomas, English physician, XXII. of Durham, early English hisDublin, satirist, XXII. 761; his ridicule 805; XV. 811.

torian, XXII. 811. of astrology, II. 743; his connexion SYDNEY, town, New South Wales, XXII. SYMMACHUS, pope, XXII. 811; XIX. with newspapers, XVII. 416; as satirist, 806; III. 114; library, XIV. 550; 492. XXI. 320; his place in English litera observatory, XVII. 716; university, Quintus Aurelius, Roman consul ture, vill. 426; his relations with Sir XXII. 856.

and writer, XXII. 811; 1. 663. William Temple, XXIII. 172.

Algernon, English statesman, xxii. SYMMER, Robert, his electrical Thomas, grandfather of Dean 33.

searches, Vill. 7. Swift, XXII. 761.

SYENE, ancient town, Egypt, VII. 783. SYMMETRY, in algebra, 1. 521.
SWIMMING, XXII. 768.
SYENITE, rock, X. 234; XI. 49.

in geometry, XIX. 797. SWINDON, town, England, XXII. 772. SYEVSK, town, Russia, xvII. 826. SYMONDS, Symond, vicar of Bray, SWINE, XXII. 772; XV. 430; 1. 400; SYLBURG, Friedrich, German scholar,

XVIII. 552. diseases of, xxiv. 205, 206; as un XXII. 809.

SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, I. clean animals, XXIII. 18.

SYLHET, district, Assam, India, xxII. 883; XIX. 43. SWINEMÜNDE, town, Prussia, XXII. 775. 809; town, XXII. 810.

SYMPATHY, Adam Smith on, XXII. 171. SWINEPIPE, bird, xx. 318.

SYLLABUS, Papal (1864), XVII. 754. SYMPHEROPOL, town, Crimea, vi. 586. SWINESHEAD ABBEY, Lincolnshire, Eng SYLLEUM, ancient town, Asia Minor, SYMPHONY, in music, xvII. 95. land, xiv. 656.

XVIII. 207.

SYMPIEZOMETER, variety of barometer, SWINTON, town, Lancashire, England, SYLLOGISM, in logic, XIV. 785, 789; rhe III. 383. XXII. 775.

torical, XX. 511; Aristotle on, II. 516. SYMPLESITE, mineral, xvi. 404. town, Yorkshire, England, XXII. SYLT, island, off Schleswig, North Sea, SYMPOSIUM, dialogue of Plato, XIX. 775. XXII. 810; XXI. 414.

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