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747; XIX. 24o; diagrams of, VII. 152; XXII. 598; dynamics of, VII. 582; mathematical theory of, VII. 819; on bridges, IV. 28 5; in engineering, XXII. 594, 598, 601, 603; in joints, XIII. 732~

STRIATIoN, in crystals, XVI. 368.

STRICXLAND, Agnes, English historical writer, XXII. 607.

_, Hugh Edwin, on birds, XVIII. I4.

STRICTURE or THE PYLORUS, disease, XXII. 575.

STRIEGAU, town, Prussia, XXII. 607.

STRIGES, group of birds, XVIII. 47.

STRIooPs, genus of birds, XIII. 825; XVIII. 323.

STRIKE, of rocks, x. 298.

_, of workmen, XXIII. 500.

STRING, Manufacture of, XX. 845.

STRING-COURSE, in architecture, II. 474

S'rRINGFELLow's FLYING MACHINE, IX. 323. .

STRINGS, Musical, I. 111, II2; Violin, XXIV. 244, 246.

STRINNHOLM, Anders Magnus, Swedish historian, XXII. 7 58.

STRIX, genus of birds, XVIII. 89.

STROH, A., his stereoscope, XXII. 54o.

STROXIIR, geyser, Iceland, X. 5 57.

STRÖM, Hans, Norse zoologist, XVII. 590.

STROMATA, or Stromateis, of Clemens Alexandrinus, v. 819.

STRoMBoLI, island, Lipari group, Mediterranean, XIV. 683.

STROME FERRY, Ross-shire, Scotland, XX. 854.

STROMEYERITE, mineral, XVI. 392.

STRÖMLING, fish, III. 297.

STRoMNEss, town, Orkney, Scotland, XVII. 848.

STRONGBOW, Earl (Richard de Clare), invasion of Ireland by, XIII. 258.

STRONGYLOSOMA, genus of Myriapoda, XVII. 120.

STRoNGYLUs, gemis of nematode worms, XVII. 325; XXIV. 205, 206.

STRONSAV, island, Orkney, Scotland, XVII. 846.

STRONTIANITE, mineral, XvI. 398; XXII. 607. '

STRONTIUM, chemical element, XXII. 607; V. 525.

STROPHANTHUS, genus of plants, XXII. 608.

STRorHoMENID/E, family of Brachiopoda, 1V. 195.

STROPIIULUS, skin disease, XXII. 122.

STROUD, town, England, XXII. 608.

STRozzI, Filippo, Tuscan noble, XV. 789.

_, Piero, Tuscan warrior, XV. 790.

STRUCTURES, Theory of, in mechanics, XV. 75o.

STRUEL SPRINGS, Ireland, VII. 382.

[graphic]

STRUENSEE, Johann Friedrich, Count, Danish minister, XXII. 608; VII. 87. _ VON CARLSBACH, Carl Gustav,

Prussian minister, XXII. 608.

STRUMA, disease, XXI. 5 54.

_, river, Macedonia, XV. I37.

S'rRUTIIIo, genus of birds, XVIII. 62, 44.

STRUTs, Strength of, IV. 321; XXII. 606.

STRUVE, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm, German astronomer, XXII. 608; his work on measurement of arc of meridian, VII. 600.

STRUVITE, mineral, XVI. 406.

STRY, town, Galicia, Austria, XXII. 609.

STRYCHNIA, vegetable alkaloid, XVII. 687.

STRVCIININE, as poison, XIX. 279.

STRYcHNos, genus of plants, XVII. 687.

STRVMON, river, Macedonia, XV. 137.

STRYPE, John, English historical and biographical writer, XXII. 609.

STRZELECKI, Count, on the geology of Australia, III. 108.

STUART, Scottish royal family of, XXII. 609; XXI. 490; their connexion with house of Orange, XII. 79.

_, Arabella,wife of William Seymour, XXII. 610.

_, Sir Charles, English envoy in Portugal, XIX. 5 51.

_, Charles Edward (The Pretender), VIII. 355; I. 449; V. 426; XXI. 520; XXII. 610.

_, Gilbert, American portrait»painter, XXII. 611.

_, James, second earl of Murray, regent of Scotland, XV. 595, 599; XVII. 62; XXI. 503.

_, James, joint-author of Antiquities of Athens, II. 444.

_, James Frederick Edward (The Pretender), XIII. 560; IX. 581; XXII. 610.

_, John, earl of Bute, IV. 51 I.

_, John M‘Douall, Australian eXplorer, XXII. 611; III. 105.

_, Mary, queen of Scots, XXII. 610. See Mary.

STUBBS, William, on the origin of the jury system, XIII. 784.

STUCCO, in plaster work, IV. 507; wall decorations in, XVII. 36.

STUD-BOOK, English, XII. 183.

STUDENTS, in early universities, XXIII. 8 33.

STUDIUM, monastery, at Constantinople, XVI. 700.

STUDIUS, founder of an order of monks,
XVI. 700.

STUDY or WORDS, Trench’s
XXIII. 541.

STUFFING, of animals, XXIII. 89.

STUrFs, Ancient textile, XXIII. 207.

STUHLWEISSENBURG, town, Hungary, XXII. 6I I.

STURA, river, Italy, XIII. 435.

STURE, Sten and Бите, regents of Sweden, XXII. 747.

work,

STURGEoN, fish, XXII. 611.

STURLA, Lawman and Olaf, Icelandic writers, XII. 625.

STURLOSON, or Sturluson, Snorri or Snorro, Icelandic writer, XXII. 201; XXI. 368; XII. 622, 625; Edda of, VII. 649.

STURM, Jacob, ruler of Strasburg, XXII. 589.

_, Jacques Charles François, Swiss mathematician, XXII. 612; I. 516.

, Johann Christoph, founder of the

Collegium Curiosum, I. 7l.

, Johannes von, of Strasburg, on education, VII. 673.

STURMIIAUBE, mountain, Germany, XX. 552

STURMIUS, abbot of Fulda, IX. 813.

STURM UND DRANG, movement in German literature, VII. 442; X. 5 37.

STURNUS, genus of birds, XXII. 457.

STURT, Charles, Australian explorer, XXII. 612; III. 104.

STU'I'IERING, defect of speech, XXII. 447~

STUTTGART, town, Würtemberg, XXII. 612; libraries of, XIV. 527, 547.

STUYVESANT, Peter, director, New Netherland, America, XVII. 45 5.

STYLE, of a dial, VII. 154.

_, in plants, IV. 144.

STYLIOLA, genus of Mollusca, XVI. 665.

STYLITE, Joshua the, Syriac writer, XXII. 832.

STYLITES, order of ascetics, XVI. 701.

_, Simeon, early Christian ascetic, XVI. 701; XXII. 830.

STYLOBATE, in architecture, II. 474; Greek, II. 403.

STYLOGRAPII, pen, XVIII. 484.

STYLOMMATOPIIORA, suborder of Mollusca., XVI. 660.

STVLOTIP, mineral, XVI. 395.

STYLUS, ancient writing
XVIII. 48 3.

STYRAX, shrub, XXII. 577; gum from it,
XII. 718; XIV. 687.

STYRIA, duchy, Austria, XXII. 613.

STVRIAN ALPS, I. 63o.

STYX, legendary river, XXII. 614.

_, waterfall, Arcadia, Greece, Il. 326.

SUABIA (Swabia), ancient duchy, Germany, XXII. 729.

SUADIVA, atoll, Maldive Islands, XV. 328.

SUAKIN, or Suakim, town, Red Sea, Africa, XXII. 615, 316.

SUANIANS, race of people, Caucasus, v­ 2 57.

Видит, Bartolommeo (Bramantino), Italian painter, XXII. 615.

SUAREZ, Francisco, Spanish theologian and philosopher, XXII. 615; XXI. 431.

SUATOPLUX, ruler of Moravia, XVI. 811.

SUBARNAREKHA, river, India, XXII. 94.

SUIIcoNscIoUsNEss, in psychology, XX. 47.

[graphic]
[graphic]

implement, SUBDEACONS, minor order of Roman Catholic Church, XVII. 820.

SUBEN, Egyptian divinity, VII. 718.

SUBIAco, town, Italy, XXII. 616; library of, XIV. 530.

SUBJEcr, in psychology, xx. 39.

SUBLAPSARIANISM, theological trine, XIX. 670.

SUBLAQUEUM (Subiaco), ancient town, Italy, XXII. 616.

SUBLEYRAS, Pierre, French painter, XXII. 616.

SUBLIMATIoN, in distillation, 1111260; of vapour, vIII. 727.

SUBLIME AND BEAUTIFUL, Burke’s work on the, 1v. 54o.

SUBMARINE MINES, XXIII. 449.

SUBMARINE TELEGRAPIIIC CABLES, XXIII. 114.

SUBMISSION, in law, 11. 312.

SUBoRNATIoN oF PERJURV, XVIII. 548

ЗивгпзыА, in law, XXII. 642; XXIV. 696.

SUBSTANCE, in Cartesianism, V. 143; Leibnitz’s doctrine of, XIV. 420; Locke’s, хп. 760; Kant’s, XIII. 85 3.

SUBSTANTIALITY, Perception of, in psychology, XX. 57.

50вт1А13А, Indian town, Nicaragua, xiv. 455

SUBTRACTION, in algebra, I. 520; in arithmetic, II. 527.

SUBUKTIGIN, sultan of Ghazui, Xv. 286.

SUBzAWAR, town, Persia, XVIII. 627.

SUCCAT (St Patrick, q.v.), patron saint of Ireland, XVIII. 411.

SUCcEssIoN, in law, х1х. 734; in relation to remainder and reversion, XX. 372; under testament, XXIV. 570; 1п Roman law, XX. 673, 691, 702, 706, 713; in Salic law, XXI. 214.

_, Psychological presentation of, хх. 64; Locke on ideas of, XIV. 7 59.

_, Spanish, Question of, VIII. 352; IX. 575; XXII. 334; war of, III. 126; 1х. 580; X. 502; XIV. 466; XXII. 335.

_ Питу, ххп. 616.

SUCCINIC ACID, 1. 660.

SUCCINITE, mineral, XvI. 428.

SUCCORY (Chicory), plant, V. 614.

SUCCUBUs, «li-cam demon, vII. 62.

SUCHET, Louis Gabriel, duke of Albufera, French marshal, XXII. 617; 1. 456

50сн12, river, Peru, XvIII. 673.

SU-CIIow, town, Kan-euh, China, XXII. 617.

_, town, Klang-su, China, XXII. 617.

_, town, Sze-chuen, China, XXII. 617.

SUCKER, or Lump-Sucker, fish, Xv. 65.

SUCKLINC, Sir John, English poet and courtier, XXII. 617.

SUCRE, town, Bolivia, South America, XXII. 618.

doc

SUCRE, Antonio Josó,prcsident of Bolivia, Iv. I7.

SUCTORIA, order of Protozoa, XIX. 865.

SUDAN, or Soudan, region, Central Africa, XXII. 277, 143; xvII. 316.

SUDBURY, town, England, XXII. 618.

SUDENI, ancient tribes, Lithuania, xIv. 701.

SUDE'I'Es, mountains, Austria, III. 116; XvI. 810; XXII. 53.

SUDIIARAM, town, India., XVII. 5:4.

SUDOGDA, town, Russia, XXIV. 271.

SUDRAXA, Hindu dramatist, XXI. 285.

SUDRAS, Hindu caste, Iv. 203, 204; v. 188.

SUE, Joseph Marie (Eugène Sue), French novelist, XXII. 619; 1х. 678.

SUERAH, town, Morocco, XVI. 543.

SUEssA AURUNCA (Sessa), ancient town, Italy, XXI. 693.

SUET, animal fat, XXIII. 34.

SUETONIUS, Caius Tranquillus, Latin writer, XXII. 619; on the early Christians, XIII. 658; his place in Roman literature, XX. 726.

SUEUR, Eustache le, French painter, XXII. 619.

_, Thomas le, on magnetism, XV. 2 36.

SUEVI, confederation of tribes of ancient Germany, X. 473; their inroads on Rome, XX. 780; in Spain, XXII. 308.

SUEVIA (Swabia), ancient duchy, Germany, XXII. 729.

SUEZ, town, Egypt, XXII. 620.

_, Gulf of, Red Sea, XX. 316.

_ CANAL, XXII. 62o; I. 266; Iv. 789; Lord Palmerston’s opposition to, XVIII. 197.

SUFE'I'ULA (Sbeitla),
Africa, XXIII. 620.

SUFroCATIoN, Death from, xv. 781.

SUFFOLK, county, England, XXII. 621.

_ DUNS, breed of cattle, I. 389.

_ PUNCH, horse, I. 385.

_- WITCHEs, Trial of, ххш. 621.

SUFI ll., shah of Persia, XVIII. 638.

_ DYNAsTV, Persia., xvIII. 634.

SUFIs, Mohamniedan sect, vII. 113; XXII. 662; pautheism of, XVIII. 658. Sec also Sufism.

SUFISM, Persian philosophical system, XXIII. 242; XI. 368; XVI. 594; XVII. 130; xvIII. 634; XXII. 659.

SUGAR, XXII. 622; chemistry of, V. 564; adulteration of, I. 172 ; relations to alcohol, I. 470; from beet, I. 382; 111 grape juice, ххш. 603; так, xv. 338; maple, XV. 524; 111 plants, IV. 88; XIX. 54; use of, in brewing, IV. 271; culture of, in Java, XIII. 604; in the Philippines, xvIII. 751; in Queensland, хх. 173 ; production of, in Brazil, IV. 227; in Cuba, VI. 681; in India, XII. 748; in United States, XXIII. 824.

—— BERRY, tree, 111. 360.

SUGAR-BIRD, XXII. 628.

SUGAR CANDY, 111. 257.

ancient town,

[graphic]

SUGAR 0F LEAD, хш. 378.

SUGAR-PINE, tree, XIX. 105; of U.S.A., XXIII. 809.

SUGDEN, Edward Burtenshaw, Lond St Leonards, lord chancellor of England, XXI. 182.

SUGER, Abbé, regent of France, IX. 5 39.

SUGHUDA (Sogdiana), ancient province, Persia, XXII. 246.

SUC-UT, river, North Borneo, XXI. 12 3.

SUH-CHOW, or SII-Chow, town, China, XXII. 617.

SUHL, town, Prussia, XXII. 629.

SUI-IM, Peter Frederik, Danish historian, VII. 91.

SUICIDE, XXII. 629; in relation to life assurance, XIII. 197.

SUIDEE, family of ungulate mammal; XXII. 772.

SUIDAs, Greek lexicographcr, XXII. 631; XI. 146.

SUIDGER (Pope Clement 11.), V. 821.

SUINDINUM (Le Mans), Roman town, France, XV. 497.

SUIR, river, Írcland, XIII. 216; XXIII. 405; XXIV. 400.

SUISSE FOREZIENNE, valley, France, XIV. 807.

SUKIIONA, river, Russia, XXI. 73.

SUKKERTOPPEN, district, Greenland, X I. I7o.

SUXKOTIIAI, ancient town, Siam, XXI. 854.

SUKXUR, town, India, XXI. 803.

SULA, genus of birds, X. 7o.

SULAIMAN, shah of Persia, XvIII. 639.

_, Seljuk ruler, XXI. 636.

, Suleiman, or Suleyman, I., sultan of Turkey, XXII. 251 ; XXIII. 643; contests of, with Persia, XVIII. 636.

_ Il., Turkish sultan, XXIII. 645.

_, Arabic geographer, X. 177.

SULBV, river, Isle of Man, xv. 4 5o.

SULITELMA, mountain, Sweden, XXII. 736

SULLA, Lucius Cornelius, Roman general, XXII. 632 ; хх. 760; at Athens, III. 8; 1п Jugurthine War, XIII. 767; his oontœts with Marius, Xv. 550; in the Mithradatic War, Xv. 56; his relations with Pompey, XIX. 451

SULLY, Maximilien de Béthune, duke of , French statesman, XXII. 633; IX. 565.

_, Maurice de, early French sermonwriter, 1X. 648.

SULMoNA, town, Italy, XXII. 634.

SULPHATES, in chemistry, v. §05-, occurring in rocks, X. 228; of alumina., I. 645; ххп. 637; of ammonia, XVII. 515; of bar_vta, III. 406; of copper, XXII. 637; of iron, 171. 352; of lime, XIV. 648; XI. 351; of lime,as manure, 1.351; of magnesio, VIII. 496; xv. 217; of Рожь, XIX. 592; of quinine, Xx. 184; of silver, XXII. 71; of soda, XXII. 240.

[graphic]
[merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

SULU, town, Philippines, XVIII. 75o, 752

_ SLANDS, Philippines, XVIII. 752; pearl fisheries of, XVIII. 447.

SULZER, Johann Georg, Swiss art critic, X. 535; XXII. 798.

SUMACII, plant, XIV. 382; in U.S.A., XXIII. 808.

SUMANAP ISLANDS, Java, XIII. óoo.

SUMAROXOFF, Alexander, Russian dramatist, ‘111. 444; XXI. 106.

SUMATRA, island, Indian Archipelago, XXII. 638; II. 687; birds of, III. 763.

SUMIIAL, or Sumbnl, drug, XXII. 641.

SUMIsAwA, island, Indian Archipelago, XXII. 64I.

SUMBULPOOR, town, India, XXI. 247.

SUMELAS, monastery, Armenia, XXIII. 534~

SUMENEP, town, Madura, Indian Archipelage, XV. 194.

SUMER, district, Mesopotamia, XVI. 51.

SUMIDA, river, Japan, XXIII. 432.

SUMMAM, river, Algeria, I. 563.

SUMMARY ­IURISDICTION, Court of, XXII. 641.

[graphic]

SUMMER-CATARRH, disease, XI. 542.

SUMMER ISLANDS, or Bermudas (qm), III. 599.

SUMMER REDBIRD, XXIII. 45.

SUMMERSIDE, town, Prince Edward Island, XIX. 740.

SUMMER-SNIPE, bird, XXI. 260

SUMMER-TRAIL, bird, X. 80.

SUMMERVILLE, town, South Carolin U.S.A., XXII. 287.

SUMMISTS, scholastic philosophers, XXI. 42 5.

SUMIIIONS, in law, XXII. 642; XXIV. 696; in Scots law, XIX. 220.

SUMNER, Charles, American statesman, XXII. 643.

SUMPIUARY LAWS, XXII. 643.

SUMTER,~Fort, South Carolina, U.S.A., its surrender, XXIII. 774.

_, Thomas, American politician, XXIII. 790.

SUMY, town, Russia, XXII. 645.

SUN, XXII. 645; II. 768, 783; determination of distance of, II. 796; eclipses of, II. 788 (see Eclipse); source of heat of, XVII. 311; its light compared with that of moon, XVIII. 842; its influence on terrestrial magnetism, XVI. 167, 176, I79; measurements of, XVI. 25o; its connexion with meteoroids, XVI. 113; nautical observations by means of, XVII. 268; parallax of, XVIII. 245; influence of, on tides, XXIII. 354, 365, 368; festival of, at Heliopolis, XIX. 91; festivals, in Japan, XIX. 92 ; myths of, XV. 777; XVII. 157; temple of, at Baalbec, III. 177; worship of,by ancient Greeks, II. 185; by Регаты, 1. 697; хх. 364; by Phœnicians, XVIII. 802 (See also Baal); by Sabœans, XXIV. 741. See also Sun-Spots.

SUNAR, river, India, XXI. I46.

SUN-BIRD, XXII. 651; XII. 359.

SUN-BITTERN, bird, XXII. 652; XX. 2_23.

SUNDA ISLANDS, Indian Archipelago, XXII. 653; XII. 8l5; language of, XIII. 606.

SUNDARIIANS, swamps at mouth of Ganges, India., X. 68.

SUNDA STRAIT, Indian Archipelago, XXII. 653, 638.

SUNDAY, XXII. 653; relation of, to the Sabbath, XXI. 125; sale on, illegal, XXI. 208.

SUNDERLAND, town, England, XXII. 657.

_, Second Earl of, English statesman, XXII. 6 57.

_, Thiid Earl of, English statesman, XXII. 6 58.

SUNDEVALL, Carl Johan, on birds, XVIII. 23, 37.

SUNDEw, plant, XIII. 134.

SUN-DIAL, VII. 153.

SUNDILAII (Sandila),
XVIII. 72.

town, India,

[graphic]

SUN-FISH, XXII. 658; XII. 690; XVII. 777; XXL 777

SUNELOWER, plant, XXII. 659; oil from, XVII. 746. ~

SUNGARI, river, Manchuria, XV. 466.

SUNGARS, Mongol people, XVI. 749; XXIII. 636.

SUNGEI U JONG, district, Straits Settle ments, XXII. 587.

SUNIUM, Greece, Temple at, III. 60.

SUNNA, or Sunneh, Moslem traditional law, XVI. 553, 594; XI. 508.

SUNNIN, mountain, Syria, XIV. 393. SUNNITES, division of the Mohammedans, XXII. 659; 11.722; XI. 508.

SUN-SIGNALLING, XI. 632.

SUN-SPOTS, II. 783; ххп. 646; their connexion with the muore., III. 97; with terrestrial magnetism, XVI. 169, 175, 179, 180; with rainfall, Ix. 26; cycles of, XII. 739; Herschel@ observations оп, XI. 766.

SUNSTONE, mineral, XVI. 42o

SUNSTROXE, XXII. 666; XVIII. death from, XV. 781.

SUNT ISLANDS, Nile, Africa, XVII. 507.

Зпгвкгштпюы, XV. 779.

SUPERIOR, in land tenure, XIV. 264.

_­_, Lake, North America., XIV. 217; XXI. 177, 182; copper mines of, XXIII. 816.

SUPERNATURALISM, XX. 289.

SUPERPIIOSPHATE OF LIME, as manure, I. 348; manufacture of, XXII. 636.

SUPERSTITION, among primitive races, VIII. 623; Plutarch on, XIX. 234.

SUPLINIsURG, Count of (emperor Lothair), XV. 9.

SUPPLIANTS, The, Euripides's play, VIII. 676.

SUPPLICATIONS, of the Шишу, XIV. 696.

SUPPLIES, Granting of, in parliament, XVIII. 313.

_, Military, XXIV. 349.

SUPPLY AND DEMAND, in economics, XXIV. 47.

SUPPORTERS, in heraldry, XI. 7Io.

SUPPURATION, in inflammatory diseases, XVIII. 400; of wounds, XXII. 682; in process of healing, XVIII. 365.

SUPRALAPSARIANISM, theological doctrine, XIX. 670.

SUPRARENAL BODIES, I. 908; diseases of, XVIII. 384.

SUPREMACY ACT (1535), England, X1. 664; XXIII. 199.

SUPREME COURT, of United States, II. 210; хш. 789; XXIII. 75o.

SUR, town, Palestine, XXIII. 710.

SURA, river, Russia, XVIII. 514; ххп. 76; XXIV. 279.

SURABAVA, town, Java, XIII. 605, 606; XXII. 667.

SURAIIIVA NUT, XVII. 664.

SURAJAII DOwLAII, Bengali ruler, VI. Io; XII. 801.

394; SURAKARTA, town, Java, XVIII. 601, 606; XXII. 667.

SURAM, Mountains of, Caucasia, V. 252.

SURAS, sections of the Koran, XVI. 598.

SURASHTRA, district, India, XIV. I4.

SURAT, district, India, XXII. 667; town, XXII. 667; English factory at, XII. 798

SURAYI, modern Nestorians, XVII. 358.

SURAZII, town, Russia, XXIII. 96; XXIV. 262.

SURBASE, in architecture, II. 474.

SURBITON, town, England, XXII. 667.

SUR-DAS, Hindi Writer, XI. 845.

SURDS, in algebra, I. 534.

SURDUS LOQUENS, John Conrad Amman’s Work, VII. 6.

SUREN, Syriac writer, XXII. 844.

SURENAS, Parthian general, 596

SURETV, in law, XXII. 667; XI. 236; XVIII. 309.

SURFACE, in geometry, XXII. 668.

SURFACE-DRAINING, I. 329.

SURFACE-TENSION, of fluids, v. 62.

SURF-DUCK, bird, XXI. 470.

SURGERY, XXII. 672; in relation to medicine, XV. 796; Desault’s contributions to, VII. 115; HunteIJs, XII. 387; Syme’s, XXII. 810; academies of, I. 77; societies, XXII. 226.

SURGUT, town, Siberia, XXIII. 43o.

SURI, town, India, III. 697.

SURICATE, carnivorous mammal, XV. 437

SURINAM, or Dutch Guiana, South America, XI. 25I. .

SURKHAB, river, Central Asia., XII. 3; XVIII. 103.

SURXHAN, river, Central Asia, XII. 3.

SURNAMES, x. 144; XVII. 169; in England, VIII. 300.

SURPLICE, church тяпнет, Vl. 463.

SURPLUS VALUE, Marx’s theory of, XXII. 211.

SURRENDER, in law, XXII. 692.

SURRENTUM (Sorrento), ancient town, Italy, XXII. 276.

SURREV, county, England, XXII. 693.

_, Earl Of, English poet, XXII. 694; VIII. 415; his relations with Wyat., XXIV. 704.

SURROGATE, ecclesiastical deputy, XXII. 695.

_, judicial administrator, in U.S.A., XXII. 695.

SURTURBRAND, mineral, XVI. 429.

SURVEVING, XXII. 695; geodesic, X. 163.

_, Book of, agricultural work, I. 296.

SURVEY OF LONDON, Stow’s, XXII. 580.

SURVILLIERS, Comte de (Joseph Bonaparte, аль), IV. 28.

SURvIvAL or THE FITTEST, in biology, I. 87; щи. 615, 750; XXIV. 80; in relation to socialism, XXII. 219.

XVIII.

SURVIVORSIIIP, Presumption of, XV.

779

SUS, genus of ungulate mammals, XXII. 773~

_, Wady, river, Morocco, XVI. 8 32.

SUSA, town, Italy, XXII. 722.

_, town, North Africa., XI. 366.

_, ancient town, Persia, XXII. 722; XXI. 849; architectural remains at, II. 400.

SUSANNA, of the Apocrypha, XXII. 723; II. I8I.

SUSANNITE, mineral, XVI. 400.

SUSARION, Greek comedian, XV. 828.

SUSIANA (Шаги), ancient province, Persia., VII. 794; XIV. 68; asa Parthian satrapy, XVIII. 586, 592.

SUSO, Heinrich, German mystic, X. 526; XVII. I 33.

SUSPENSION BRIDGES, Iv. 301; mechanics of, XV. 740.

SUSQUEHANNA, river, U.S.A., XV. 603; XVIII. 500.

SUSSEX, county, England, XXII. 723.

SUSSEXITE, mineral, XVI. 396.

SÜSSMILCH, J. P., Prussian Statistician, XXII. 462.

SUSTENTATION FUND, of Free Church of Scotland, IX. 744.

SUSU, dolphin of the Ganges, XII. 743.

SUTHERLAND, county, Scotland, XXII. 726.

Биты], river, India, XII. 847; хх. 107; reached by Alexander, I. 484.

SUTORS OE CROMARTY, headlands, Scotland, XX. 854.

SUTRA OF REASON AND or VIRTUE, by Laou-tsze, V. 664.

SUTRAS, in Sanskrit literature, XXI. 274.

SUTRO TUNNEL, Comstock mines, Nevada, U.S.A., XVII. 368.

SUTTEE, Hindu rite, XXII. 727; IV. 210; abolition of, XII. 806.

SUTTER, John Augustus, early settler in California, XXI. x32; discoverer of gold there, IV. 694.

SUI'ION COLDFIELD, town, England, XXII. 727.

SUTTON-IN-ASIIFIELD, town, England, XXII. 727; XVII. 598.

SUTURES, Anatomy of, I. 832.

SUTZ, lake-dwelling, Bienne, Switzerland, XIV. 223.

SUVARNAMUKI-II, river, India, XVII. 320.

Бич/Акт (saskia), seaport, Red Sea, Africa, XXII. 615, 316.

SUWALKI, government, Russian Poland, XXII. 727; town, XXII. 728.

SUWAROFF, or Suvoroff, Alexander Vasilievich, Russian general, XXII. 728; XXI. 100; his retreat through Switzerland, III. I 3o; his successes against the Turks, XXIII. 647.

SUzDAL, principality, Russia, XXI. 89; town, XXIV. 271.

[graphic]

SUZUNSX, tomi, Siberia, XXIII. 43g

SVANBERGITE, mineral, XVI. 408.

SVART, Peder, Swedish chronic-1er, XXII. 754

SVEABORG, fortress, Finland, Russia, XXII. 728.

SVEALAND, division of Sweden, XXII. 736

SVEDBERG (Swedenborg, qm), Emanuel, Swedish mystic, XXII. 758.

_, Jesper, bishop of Зима, Swedish Poet» ххп- 755. 758

SVENDBORG, town, Denmark, VII. 83.

SVERRI, Norwegian chief, XVII. 588.

SVETO-BRDO, mountain, Dalmatie, VI. 78 3.

SVIA'rOSLAFF, Russian chief, XXI. 88.

SVIENCIANV, town, Rimia, XXIV. 234.

SVIR, river, Russia, XVII. 772; XXI. 73.

SVIVAGA, river, Russia, XXII. 76.

SwAIzBERs, in primitive «Вы, XXIV. 543

SWABIA, ancient duchy, Germany, XXII. 729.

_, province, Bavaria, III. 453.

SWAFFIIAM, town, England, XVII. 5 36.

SWAHILI, people, East Coast, Africa, XXII. 729.

_ COAST, East Africa, XXIV. 768.

SwAINsON, William, on birds, XVIII. 13.

SwALE, river, England, XXIV. 747.

SWALEDALE TROUT, fish, XXI. 223.

SwALLOw, bird, XXII. 729; migrations of, III. 769.

SwALLOwING, Process of, I. 838; XVII. 669.

SWAMIIERDAM, John, Dutch naturalist, XXII. 73o; I. 812.

SWAN, bird, XXII. 730.

SWANENBURCH, J. I. painter, хх. 373.

SwAN-GOOSE, bird, X. 778.

SwANIIERD, Royal, in England, XXII.

731­

SWANIMOTE, forest court, early England, IX. 409.

SWAN-PAN, Chinese ‚паштеты abacus, I. 4.

SWAN RIVER, “Из-этот Australia, III. 107; XXIV. 507.

SwANsEA, town, Wales, XXII. 732.

SWARMING, of bees, III. 495.

SwARTz, Olof, Swedish botanist, XXII. 733

SWATOW, or Swartow, town, China, XXII. 733.

SWEARING, Judicial, XVII. 698.

_AND CURSING, Laws against, III. 807.

SWEAT, SWEATING, XVII. 685; sweat glands, I. 899; excessive sweating, XXII. 120. _

SwEATING SICXNESS, XXII. 734.

SWEDEN, XXII. 736; union 0f, with Norway( 18I4), XVII. 589; Reformation in, XX. 336; nnderCharleS XII., V. 42o; under Gustavus Adolphus, XI. 333;

van, Dutch academy, I. 73, 76; army, II.616; birds, XVIII. 17; church, VIII. 491; rising of the coast of, lV. 412; coins, XVII. 658; fisheries, IX. 267; forests, IX. 399; Jews in, XIII. 686; language, XXI. 37o; Lapps, XIV. 305; libraries, XIV. 532, 549; 11111163, XVI. 469; newspapers, XVII. 429; Observatories, XVII. 714; periodical literature, XVIII. 543; prison system, XIX. 763; railways, хх. 251; weights and measures, XXIV. 490.

SWEDENBORG, Emanuel, Swedish mystic, XXII. 758; XVII. 135; as theosophist, XXIII. 279 ; Swedenborgianism, XXII. 759.

SWEDES, people of Northern Europe, XXII. 744.

SWEDIAUR, Dr, on ambergris, I. 660.

SwEDIsH LANGUAGE, XXI. 370 ; dictionaries of, VII. 186.

SWEDISH LITERATURE, XXII. 753.

SWEET, Henry, on sound notation, XXII. 385.

_ BRIER, plant, VII. 698.

_ FLAG, plant, IX. 28o.

_ GUM, XIV. 687.

_ OII., Xx. 273.

_ PEA, garden annual, XII. 249 ; XVIII. 441.

_ POTATO, XIX. 597; XXIV. 727.

_ SEDGE, plant, IX. 280.

_ WILLIAM, plant, XIX. 107.

SwEGEN, Sweyn, or Svend, DanoEnglish king, vIII. 287; vII. 84.

SwEINsIoRNssoN, Hrafn, Icelandic chief and poet, XII. 62 5.

SwELI., rolling waves, XXIV. 419.

SWERXER KARLssoN, Swedish king, XXII. 745.

SWETAMBARAS, Jain sect, India, XIII. 544

SWEYN, or Swegen, Dano-English king, vII. 84, 89; VIII. 287.

SWIETENIA, genus of trees, XV. 288.

SwII'r, bird, XXII. 760.

_, Jonathan, dean of St Patrick’s, Dublin, satirist, XXII. 761; his ridicule of astrology, II. 743; his connexion with newspapers, XVII. 416; as satirist, XXI. 320; his place in English litera~ ture, VIII. 426; his relations with Sir William Temple, XXIII. 172.

_, Thomas, grandfather of Swift, XXII. 761.

SWIMMING, XXII. 768.

SWINDON, town, England, XXII. 772.

SwINE, XXII. 772; Xv. 430; 1. 400; diseases of, XXIV. 205, 206; as unclean animals, XXIII. 18.

SWINEMÜNDE, town, Prussia, XXII. 775.

SwINEPIPI-z, bird, XX. 318.

SwINEsHEAD ABBEY, Lincolnshire, England, XIV. 656.

SWINTON, town, Lancashire, England, XXII. 775.

_, town, Yorkshire, England, XXII. 775

Dean

Swiss CONEEDERATION, XXII. 781

SwIss LEAGUEs (1320 and 1803), XXII. 783.

SWISS LITERATURE, XXII. 796.

SWITCHES, Railway, XX. 237.

SwITHUN, St, bishop of Winchester, XXII. 77 5. `

SWITZERLAND, country, Europe, XXII. 776 (index, 800); Reformation in, XX. 331; William Tell’s place in its history, XXIII. 155i Winkelried’s, XXIV. 612; Zwingli’s Reformation Inovement, XXIV. 833; Alps of, I. 625; army, II. 616; coins, XVII. 656; forests, IX. 403; confederate government, IX. 62; Italian dialect spoken in, XIII. 492; Jews in, XIII. 686; lakedwellings, XIV. 223; land-tenure, XIV. 262; libraries, XIV. 528, 548; newspapers, XVII. 431; Observatories, XVII. 713; periodical literature, XVIII. 542 ; police system, XIX. 344; prison system, XIX. 763; railways, XX. 251; university statistics, XXIII. 849; weights and measures, XXIV. 490; Zschokke’s works on, XXIV. 825; Dufour’s survey map of, VII. 5I5.

SWORD, XXII. 800; v1. 733; ancient swords, II. 553.

_, 01der of the Brothers of the, Livonia, XIV. 724.

SWORD-FISH, XXII. 804; XV. 399.

SwYNDERLY, Lollard fanatic, хш. 811.

SYBARIS, town, Magna Grsecia, Italy, XXII. 805; river, XV. 37.

SYCAMORE, tree, XV. 524; culture of, II. 317; use of the wood for carving, XXIV. 645.

_ FIG, tree, 1х. 154.

SYCANDRA, genus of Sponges, XXII.

424.

SYCON TYPE, of Sponges, XXII. 413.

SrcosIs, disease, XVIII. 269.

SYDENHAM, suburb of London, England, XXII. 805.

_, Thomas, English physician, XXII. 805; х1х. 811.

SYDNEY, town, New South Wales, XXII. 806; III. 114; library, XIV. 550; observatory, XVII. 716; university, XXIII. 8 56.

_, Algernon, English statesman, XXII. 33—

SYENE, ancient town, Egypt, VII. 783.

SYENITE, rock, X. 234; XI. 49.

SYEVSK, town, Russia, XVII. 826.

SYLBURG, Friedrich, German scholar, XXII. 809.

SYLHET, district, Assam, India, XXII. 809; town, XXII. 810.

SYLLABUS, Papal (1864), xvII. 754.

SYLLEUM, ancient town, Asia Minor, XvIII. 207.

SYLLoGIsM, in logic, хш. 785, 789; rhetorical, XX. 511; Aristotle on, II. 516.

SYLT, island, off Schleswig, North Sea, XXII. 810; XXI. 414.

[graphic]

SVLTOPPAR, mountain, Sweden, XXII. 736

SYLVA, André Nunes de, Portuguese poet, XIX. 556.

SYLVANA, Webers opera, XXIV. 468.

SYLVANITE, mineral, XVI. 393.

SVLVESTER I., pope, XXII. 74.

_ II., pope, XXII. 74; XIX. 497; as scholastic philosopher, XXI. 421.

_ III., pope, XXII. 76; XIX. 498.

_, Russian writer, XXI. 104.

_, James Joseph, mathematician, I. 516; on the rolling ellipsoid, XV. 737; his four-point problem, XIX. 78 5.

ЗИМА, genus of birds, XVIII. 53; XXIV. 366: 553, 688

SYLVICULTURE, or Forestry, IX. 397.

SYLVIIDIE, family of birds, xxiv. 367.

SYLVINE, mineral, XIX. 588.`

SYLVITE, mineral, XVI. 384.

SYLVIUS (Francis de la Всё), Dutch chemist and physician, V. 460; XV. 810.

_, ¿Eneas (Pope Pius 11.), х1х. 152.

—, Jacobus (Jacques Dubois), French anatomist, I. 807; XXII. 676.

SYMBHUNATHA, tomi, Nepal, xvII. 342.

SYMInosIs, vegetable commensalism,
XvIII. 268.

SYMBOLIC METHOD,
Operations, XIII. 28.

SYMBOLICS, department of theology, VI. 558, 565; ххш. 276.

SYMEoLIsM, Mystic, Xv. 202; of the Physiologus, XIX. 7; zodiacal, XXIV. 791; Lully’s, хх1. 64.

SYMIIOLS, Hieroglyphic, XI. 794, 802.

—, Logical, XIV. 801.

-—, of number, XVII. 625.

SYMBoLUM QUICUNQUE, or Athanasian Creed, VI. 562.

SYME, James, Scottish surgeon, XXII. 810.

SYMEoN, surnamed Metaphrastes, Byшпиле hagiographer, XXII. 811.

_ of Durham, early English historian, XXII. 811.

SYMMAcHUs, pope, XXII. 811; XIX. 492

_, Quintus Aurelius, Roman consul and writer, XXII. 8II; I. 663. SYMMER, Robert, his electrical

searches, VIII. 7.

SYMMETRY, in algebra, I. 521.

_, in geometry, XIX. 797.

SYMONDS, Symond, vicar of Bray, XVIII. 552.

SYMPATHETIC NERvoUs SYSTEM, 1. 883; х1х. 43.

SYIIIPATHY, Adam Smith on, XXII. 171.

SYMPHEROPOL, town, Crimea, v1. 586.

SYMPHONY, in music, XVII. 95.

SYMPIEZOMETER, variety of barometer, III. 383.

SYMPLESITE, mineral, хш. 404.

SYMPOSIUM, dialogue of Plato, XIX. 200.

0r Calculus of

ге

XXV. — 54

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