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STAENFORD (Stamford), ancient town, on newspapers, XVII. 416; of 1765, I. STANTON, Edwin MMasters, American England, XXII. 446.

708; its effect in American colonies, statesman, XXII. 455. STAFF, in army organization, II. 567; of VIII. 357, 358; XXIII. 737

STANZ, town, Switzerland, XXII. 778;
British army, 11. 577.
STAMP-COLLECTING, XIX. 588.

XXIII. 858.
STAFFORD, county, England, XXII. 442; STAMPS, STAMP DUTIES, XXII. 448. STANZA, in poetry, XIX. 271.

coalfields, Vi. 50, 51; pottery ware, Postage, xix. 585; collection of, STAPHYLOMA, eye disease, XVII. 781. XIX. 631; town, XXII. 443.

XIX. 588.

STAPLES, Bishop, of Meath, XIII. 263. William, English economist, xix. STANCHES, on rivers, XX. 573.

STAPLING, Wool, xxiv. 656. 356.

STANCHIO (Cos), island, Asia Minor, vi. STAPULENSIS (Jacobus Faber), French STAG, deer, VII. 23; XV. 432.

444.

Protestant writer, viII. 835. BEETLE, VI. 131.

STANCHION, in architecture, II. 473. STAR, II. 744. See Stars. STAGE, in architecture, II. 473.

STAND (Whitefield), town, England, STAR-ANISE, incense, XII. 718. of a theatre, early English, viII. XXIV. 551.

STARAYA RUSSA, town, Russia, XXII. 420; modern arrangements of, XXIII. STANDARD, London newspaper, XVII. 455; fair of, xvII. 607. 226.

419.

STAR CATALOGUE, of Hipparchus, II. PLAYS, Licensing of, xix. 711.

Battle of the (1138), England, XXI. 749; Ulugh Bey's, II. 751; XXIII. 722; STAGE-RIGHT, in relation to copyright, 483.

Sir W. Herschel's, XI. 765; Sir John VI. 361, 367.

BAR, Expansion of, in surveying, Herschel's, XI. 769; Hessian, XXIV. STAGHOUND, VII. 329.

XXII. 697.

582. See also article Observatory. STAG-HUNTING, XII. 394.

STANDARDS, of area, XXIV. 485; of STARCH, XXII. 455; XIX. 54; in plants, STAGIRA, or Stageira, town, Macedonia, length, XXIV. 483; of volume, XXIV. IV. 88; XII. 12; in lichens, xiv. 558; birthplace of Aristotle, 11. 511. 485; of weight, XXIV. 486.

in malt, xv. 338; in nutrition, XVII. STAGNELIUS, Erik Johan, Swedish poet, Military, IX. 276.

676. See also article Dietetics. XXII. 757

STANDARD UNIT OF VALUE, for money, STAR-CHAMBER, English court of justice, STAHL, Georg Ernst, German chemist

XVI. 730, 735.

XXII. 456; V. 405; VIII. 341. and physician, XXII. 444; V. 460; XV. STANDGALE, bird, xiv. 53.

STARCHING, in bleaching, III. 817. 812; on fermentation, ix. 94; his STANDING ARMIES, Rise of, 11. 564. STARCH SUGAR, or Grape Sugar, XXII. theory of the soul, 11. 55.

STANFIELD, William Clarkson, English 628. STAIGUE FORt, Kerry, Ireland, xiv. 5e. painter, XXII. 449.

STAR-FISHES, VII. 632; XVI. 844. STAINED GLASS, Manufacture of, X. STANHOPE, Third Earl, English politi- STAR-Forts, IX. 434, 439. 666, 667.

cian and scientist, XXII. 449.

STARGARD, town, Prussia, XXII. 457. STAINER, Jacob, violin maker, xxiv. Lord, English postmaster, XIX. 563. STARING, Antoni Christiaan, Dutch 245.

Lady Hester Lucy, companion of poet, XII. 98. STAIR, First Viscount, Scottish jurist William Pitt, XXII. 449.

STARITSA, town, Russia, XXIII. 672. and statesman, XXII. 444.

Philip Dormer, fourth earl of STARKWEATHER, G. B., his theory of First Earl of, Scottish lawyer and Chesterfield, v. 606.

sex, XXI. 722. politician, XXII. 446.

STANISLAU, town, Galicia, Austria, XXII. STARLING, bird, XXII. 457. Second Earl of, British field 450.

The, Norman Macleod's work, xv. marshal, XXII. 446.

STANISLAUS, or Stanislaw, St, of Poland, 163. Stairs, in houses, IV. 454, 473, 497. his murder, XIX. 286.

STAROBYELSK, town, Russia, xiv. 57. STAKE, Hill of, Scotland, xx. 395.

or Stanislaw Leszczynski, king of STARODUB, town, Russia, XXII. 458. STALACTITES, Formation of, v. 266; in Poland, XXII. 450; IX. 585; XVII. STAR OF INDIA, Order of the, XIV. cavern of Adelsberg, Austria, I. 151; 171; XIX. 297.

124. in Luray Cavern, United States, xv. AUGUSTUS, of Poland, XXII. 450; STARO-KONSTANTINOFF, town, Russia, 67. XIX. 298, 453.

XXII. 458. STALAGMITE MARBLES, XV. 529. STANKO, town, Cos, Asia Minor, VI. 444. STAR PEAK, mountain, Great Basin, STALAGMITES, Formation of, v. 266; in STANLEY, town, Falkland Islands, IX. 14. U.S.A., XXIII. 798.

Luray Cavern, United States, xv. 67. Arthur Penrhyn, dean of West- STAR-ROUTES, mail scandals, United STALIMENE (Lemnos), island, Ægean minster, XXII. 450.

States, XXIII. 783. Sea, Turkey, XIV. 436.

Edward Geoffrey Smith, earl of STARS, 11. 744, 823; evolution of, XXII. STALL, in architecture, II. 472.

Derby, VII. 109; VIII. 366.

651; velocity of light from, xiv. 586; in stable management, XII. 193. , Henry M., African explorer, I. 248; classification of, according to, magniSTÁLYBRIDGE, town, England, XXII. X. 195; his search for Livingstone, tude, xvIII. 840; measurements of, 446. XIV. 722.

XVI. 250; new and variable, xxII. STAMBOUL, or Constantinople (q.v.), vi. Pool, lake, Congo river, Africa, 651; parallax of, XVIII. 252; photo303. XXIV. 765.

metry of, xvIII. 840; their position STAMEN, of plants, iv. 135; XX. 424. STANNARY COURTS, Cornwall, England, as seen from the earth, X. 198; shootSTAMFORD, town, Lincolnshire, Eng VI. 426.

ing, XVI. 106, 110; spectroscopic land, XXII. 446; newspapers of, xvii. STANNEL, bird, xiv. 53.

analysis of, 11. 817; X. 215; XXII.651; 421. STANNITE, mineral, xvi. 393.

the sun considered as a star, XXII. town, Connecticut, U.S.A., XXII. STANNIUS, on reptiles, XX. 437.

645. 447.

STANNOUS COMPOUNDS, in chemistry, STARTER, Jan Janssen, Dutch poet, XII. BRIDGE, Yorkshire, England, XXIII. 401.

94. Battle of (1066), VIII. 291; XI. 486. STANS FORELAND, island, Spitzbergen, STARVATION, VII. 208; death from, xv. STAMMERING, defect of speech, XXII.447. XXII. 408.

781. MICTURITION, XXIV. 191.

STANTHORPE, tin mines, Queensland, STAR-WORSHIPPERS, XXI. 128; I. 697; STAMP ACT, English, of 1712, its effect

XX. 364.

XX. 173

STASSFURT, town, Prussia, xxII. 458; | STAUBBACH, waterfall, Switzerland, | STEEL-PENS, XVIII. 483; manufacture salt mines of, XXI. 231. XXII. 777.

of, in Birmingham, III. 784. STASSFURTITE, mineral, xvi. 396. STAUNTON, town, Virginia, U.S.A., STEEL PLATE ENGRAVING, VIII. 439. STASZOW, town, Poland, xx. 218.

XXII. 471.

STEEL WIRE, XXIV. 615. STATE, The, its relation to the church, -Howard, Shakespearian scholar STEEL-YARD, weighing machine, III. V. 758.

and writer on chess, XXII. 471; as 267. Great officers of, England, XXII. chess-player, v. 603.

Merchants of the, Hanse merchants 458.

STAUPITZ, Johann von, Augustinian in England, XXII. 528; XV. 32. CHURCHISM, Calvin's theory of, vicar-general, xv. 71.

STEEN, Jan Havicksz, Dutch painter, XIX. 677. STAURACHIOS, Byzantine metal-worker,

XXII. 529. STATEN ISLAND, New York, U.S.A.,

XVI. 74.

STEEPLE, in architecture, II. 473. XXII. 460; XVII. 459.

STAURACIUS, son of emperor Nicephorus STEEPLE-CHASING, sport, XII. 203. STATEN ISLAND, Tierra del Fuego, I., XVII. 481.

STEERS ISLAND, Indian Archipelago, XXIII. 383. STAUROLITE, mineral, xvi. 408.

XXII. 653. STATE LOANS, XVII. 243.

STAUROTYPIDÆ, family of chelonian STEFAN, Josef, on the diffusion of gases, STATE PAPER OFFICE, England, xx. reptiles, XXIII. 457.

XVI. 619. 314.

STAVANGER, town, Norway, XXII. 471. STEFANO, Tommaso, Italian painter, X. STATE PAPERS, XX. 310.

STAVROPOL, government, Russia, XXII. 608. STATER, Greek money, XVII. 632.

472; town, XXII. 472; XXI. 243. STEFFANI, Agostino, Italian ecclesiastic, STATES, Sovereign, XIII. 191. STEALING, in law, XXIII. 231.

diplomatist, and composer, XXII. 529. STATES-GENERAL, of France, ix. 544, STEAM, Definition of, XI. 560; properties STEFFENS, Henrik, Danish writer, vii.

546, 552, 560, 562; of Paris (1614), ix. of, xxII. 483; VIII. 729; pressures 92; XVII. 730. 566; in 1787, IX. 596; in 1789, IX. of, at different temperatures, XI. 585; STEGOSAURIA, order of fossil reptiles, 596; XX. 602; Mirabeau's influence in, influence of its applications in com

XX. 443. XVI. 945.

merce, VI. 206; Evans's application of, STEGOSTOMA, genus of sharks, XXI. of Holland, XII. 73. to land carriages, vill. 726.

775. STATESMAN, The (Politicus), Plato's STEAMBOAT, XXII. 478. See Steam- STEIBELT, Daniel, German pianist and dialogue, xix. 207. Ships.

composer, XXII. 530. STATESMEN, landowners, Cumberland, STEAM COLOURS, for calico printing, STEIER, town, Austria, XXII. 547. England, vi. 698.

IV. 690.

STEIERMARK (Styria), duchy, Austria, STATES OF THE CHURCH, Italy, XXII. STEAM ENGINES, XX11. 473 (index, 526); XXII. 613. 460.

Watt's invention of, xxiv. 412; use STEIN, Charlotte von, friend of Goethe, STATE SOVEREIGNTY, American, XXIII.

of, by Boulton, iv. 172; Murdock's X. 728. 741, 746, 750, 756, 763, 774.

improvements on, XVII. 53; Papin's Heinrich Friedrich Karl, Baron Statics, division of dynamics, xix. 2; experiments with, xvIII. 229; Tre von, German statesman, xxII. 530; XV. 728, 738.

vithick's improvements on, XXIII. STATIELLI, Ligurian tribe, Italy, XIII. 554.

Johann Andreas, German pianoSTEAM-HAMMER, XI. 425; for iron forte maker, XIX. 72. STATIONERS' COMPANY, London, IV. 39; forging, XIII. 328.

STEINAMANGER, town, Hungary, XXII. their almanacs, I. 591. STEAM-PLOUGH, I. 313.

531. STATIONERS' HALL, London, Copyright STEAM-SHIPs, xxi. 823; invention of, STEINBART, Gotthilf Samuel, German registry at, vi. 358.

III. 542; IX. 270, 817; XXII. 478; rationalist, XX. 290. STATIONERY, XXII. 460.

engines for, xxII. 517; of British STEINBOC, ungulate mammal, XII. 605. STATIONS, Railway, XX. 234.

navy, XVII. 284.

STEINER, Jakob, Swiss geometrician, STATIRA, wife of Alexander, 1. 484; xv. STEAM-THERMOMETERS, XI. 560, 568.

XXII. 531. 142.

STEARINE, or Stearin, mixture of fatty STEINHEIL, Karl August, his electric Persian princess, xvIII. 576.

acids, XXII. 527, 202; XVII. 740; XXIII. telegraph, XXIII. 113; his micrometer, STATISTICAL SOCIETIES, XXII. 226. 35; candles from, iv. 803; solar, xiv. XVI. 251. STATISTICS, XXII. 461.

312.

STEINHEILITE, mineral, xvi. 418. STATIUS, Cæcilius, Roman dramatist, | STEATITE, mineral, XVI. 414.

STEINHUDER MEER, lake, Hanover, VIII. 448.

STEATORNIS, genus of birds, XI. 227. Germany, XI. 446. Publius Papinius, Roman poet, STEEL, XIII. 278; compressibility and STEINITZ, Wilhelm, German chessXXII. 466; xx. 726.

rigidity of, vii. 815; fracture of, XXII. player, v. 602. STATUARY, methods of its production, 600; industry in United States, XXIII. STEINWAY, Henry Engelhard, piano

XXI. 571; in bronze, XVI. 72; IV. 366; 813; magnetization of, xv. 223, 260 ; forte inaker, XIX. 77. in terra-cotta, XXIII. 193, 194.

strength of, xxII. 603; VII. 816; its use STELis, plant, XVI. 527. STATURE, as indication of race, II. III. in building ships of war, xvII. 288; STELLA, wife of Pontano, Italian poet, STATUTE, in law, XXII. 468; in Roman statistics of manufacture, XIII. 358.

XIX. 454. law, xx. 670.

STEELBOYS RISING (1772), Ireland, (Esther Johnson), friend of Dean MERCHANT, form of security, XIII. 269.

Swift, XXII. 763. XXU. 471.

STEELE, Anne, English hymn-writer, Goethe's play, X. 727. OF LABOURERS, XIV. 168.

STELLAR PARALLAX, XVIII. 252. OF TREASONS, XXIII. 527.

Sir Richard, English dramatist STELLETTA, genus of sponges, XXII. 415. OF USES, XX. 403.

and essayist, XXII. 527; as dramatist, STELLO, De Vigny's book, vii. 136. STATUTES OF ELTHAM, XXI. 36.

VII. 436; his place in English litera STELVIO PASS, North Italy, XXIV. 45. STATUTE STAPLE, form of security, ture, VIII. 426, 427; Addison's con STEM, in plants, IV. 95. XXII. 471.

nexion with, I. 148.

STENA, pass, in Macedonia, xv. 137.

XXV.

53

XX. II.

446.

XII. 593.

IX. 12.

XVI. 53.

I. 405.

STENCILLING, in house-painter's work, | STEPHEN, Sir James, English historical | STERNHOLD, Thomas, translator of the IV. 512. writer, XXII. 534.

Psalms, XII. 589. STENDAL, town, Prussia, XXII. 532.

BAR SUDH-AILE, Syriac writer, STERNUM, Anatomy of the, 1. 822; XXII. STENDHAL, De (Marie Henri Beyle), XXII. 832.

112; of Amphibia, I. 752; of birds, French writer, III. 621.

DUSHAN, king of Servia, XXI. III. 720; XVIII. 23; of mammals, xv. STENERSEN, Peder Cristofer, Norse 688.

358. poet, XVII. 590.

NEMENYA, king of Servia, XXI. STESICHORUS of Himera, Greek poet, STENHOUSEMUIR, town, Scotland, XXII. 688.

XXII. 543, 16. 554.

STEPHENS, or Estienne, French family STETHOMETER, STETHOGRAPH, for STENIA, Greek festival, XXIII. 295. of scholars and printers, XXII. 534. measuring movements of the chest, STENKIL, Swedish king, XXII. 745.

Alexander
Hamilton, American

XX. 477
STENNESS, Stones of, Orkney, Scotland, statesman, XXII. 536; XXIII. 773.' STETHOSCOPE, medical instrument, III.
XVII. 848; XXI. 51.

James, Fenian leader, XIII. 271. 100; its invention, XIV. 200; XV. 816. STENO, Michele, Venetian nobleman, James Francis, on birds, XVIII. STET PROCESSUS, in law, XIX. 789.

13.

STETTIN, town, Prussia, XXII. 543. Nicolaus, Danish anatomist, 1. 810; John Lloyd, American traveller, STEUART (Stuart, q.v.), Scottish royal on crystals, VI. 672.

XXII. 536; on ancient American build family, XXII. 609. STENODERMATA, group of bats, XV. ings, II. 450; on ruined cities of Central Sir James Denham, Scottish poli414. America, I. 693.

tical economist, XXII. 544; XIX. 365. STENOGRAPHY, or Shorthand Writing, Thomas, first English visitor to STEUBEN, Baron von, German-American XXI. 836; in ancient MSS., XVIII. India, XII. 798.

general, XXIII. 790. 164.

STEPHENSON, George, English engineer, STEUBENVILLE, town, Ohio, U.S.A., STENOPHONOGRAPHY, A. Melville Bell's XXII. 537; his application of steam

XXII. 544. shorthand system, XXI. 840.

to locomotives, XXII. 478; promoter of STEVENS, Alfred, English sculptor, XXI. STENORHYNCHINÆ, subfamily of carni railways, XX. 224.

561. vorous mammals, XV. 443.

Robert, English engineer, xxII. Thaddeus, American politician, STENOSTOMA, genus of snakes, XXII. 537; engineer of Britannia Bridge,

XXII. 544. 192; XX. 454.

IV. 334; promoter of railways, xx. STEVENSON, Alan and Thomas, their STENOSTOMATA, group of Actinozoa, I. 225.

lighthouse improvements, xiv. 620, 132. STEPPES, of Spain, XXII. 297.

621. STENYCLARUS, town, Messenia, Greece, Region of the, Russia, XXI. 77.

, David, Scottish civil engineer, STERADIAN, unit of measurement of XXII. 545; on reclaiming marsh lands, STEPHANITE, mineral, xvi. 395; XXII. solid angles, XVI. 25. 69.

STERCORARIUS, genus of birds, XXII. Elizabeth Cleghorn (Mrs Gaskell), STEPHANOCEROS, genus of Rotifera, 125.

English novelist, X. 103. XXI. 4.

STEREOCHROMY, process of painting, John Hall, English humorist, XXII. STEPHANOVICH, Vuk, Servian writer,

XXII. 54.

542. XXI. 691.

STEREOGNATHUS, fossil mammal, xv. Robert, Scottish civil engineer, STEPHAN'S COMET, VI. 193.

376.

XXII. 545. STEPHANURUS DENTATUS, animal STEREOMETER, hydrometer for soluble STEVINUS, Simon, Dutch mathematician, parasite, XXIV. 206. bodies, etc., XII. 542.

XXII. 545; on decimals, II. 526. STEPHANUS, Roman sculptor, STEREOSCOPE, optical instrument, XXII. STEWARD, Lord High, England, xxII. 366.

537; Porta's anticipation of, xix. 526; 458. Estienne, or Stephens, French lenticular, Brewster's, IV. 276; reflect Royal, England, XXI. 37. family of scholars and printers, XXII. ing, Wheatstone's, XXIV. 588.

STEWART, or Stuart (q.v.), Scottish royal 534.

STEREOSCOPIC MICROSCOPE, XVI. 272. family, XXII. 609. BYZANTIUS, Greek writer, XXII. STEREOTYPING, in printing, XXIII. 702; Balfour, on radiation of heat, XX. 532.

invention of, x. 127; V. 27; revival of, 214. STEPHEN, St, of Scripture, XXII. 532. VII. 196.

Dugald, Scottish philosopher, XXII. St, of Thiers, founder of order of STERILITY, Human, xv. 778.

546; his ethics, vill. 604; on the subGrandimontanes, XI. 47. STERLET, fish, xxII. 612.

lime, I. 223; his place in English I., pope, XXII. 532.

STERLING, town, Illinois, U.S.A., XXII. literature, vill. 432. II., pope, XXII. 532; XX. 785. 541.

Fanny, her relations to Charles III., pope, XXII. 533; XIX. 495.

Captain Edward, English jour II., V. 806. IV., pope, XXII. 533; XX. 786. nalist, XVII. 418; XXII. 541.

J. C., on fly fishing, 11. 36. V.-VI., popes, XXII. 533.

John, English author, XXII. 541. Matthew, Scottish mathematician, VII., pope, XXII. 533; XIX. 497. MONEY, XVII. 656.

XXII. 546. VIII., pope, XXII. 533.

STERLITAMAK, town, Russia, XXIII. Robert, second marquis of LondonIX., pope, XXII. 533; XIX. 497; 717.

derry, xiv. 853. STERNA, genus of birds, XVII. 531; ISLAND, New Zealand, XVII. 466. king of England, XXII. 533; VIII. XXIII. 189.

STEWING, of meat, vi. 333. 302.

STERNBERG, town, Moravia, Austria, STEYR, or Steyer, town, Austria, XXII. I., king of Hungary, XII. 367. XXII. 541.

547. the Great, voivode of Moldavia, STERNBERGITE, mineral, XVI. 393.

STIBICONITE, mineral, xvi. 388. STERNE, Laurence, English humorist, STIBNITE, mineral, 11. 129; XVI. 394. leader of the chil a's crusade, vi. XXII. 541; his place in English litera STICHOMETRY, in ancient MSS., I. 496; 627. ture, VIII. 431.

XVIII. 163.

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XX. 791.

XXI. 19.

216.

STICKLEBACK, fish, XXII. 548; parasite | STLIFANOS (Sliven), town, East Rou- | STOKE-UPON-TRENT, town, England, of, XXIII. 540. melia, Turkey, XXII. 160.

XXII. 573 STICKNEY, Sarah (Mrs Ellis), English Stoa PwCILE, portico, ancient Athens, STOLBERG, town, Rhenish Prussia, writer, vill. 150. III. 4; XXII. 561.

XXII. 574. STIFFNESS, of a structure, xv. 750, STOAT, carnivorous mammal, viii. 526; Count Christian, German poet, 752. See also Rigidity. XV. 440; XIX. 331.

XXII. 574. STIGMA, of plants, iv. 144.

STOBÆUS, Joannes, compiler of Greek Count Frederick Leopold, German STIGMATIZATION, XXII. 548; of St extracts, XXII. 556.

writer, XXII. 574. Catherine of Siena, V. 230; of St Kilian, Swedish naturalist, XIV.672. STOLE, ecclesiastical vestment, vi. 461. Francis of Assisi, ix. 692.

STOBI, town, Macedonia, xv. 137. - Groom of the, in royal household, STILBITE, mineral, XVI. 423.

STOCKADE, in fortification, ix. 424. England, xxi. 37. STILICHO, Flavius, Roman general, STOCKBROKING, XXII. 557.

STOLEN GOops, in law, XIX. 562; XXIII. XXII. 550; I. 442; XX. 780; XXI. 113; STOCKDALE, Erskine's defence of, vill.

233. XXIII. 258. 530.

STOLETOW, his experiments in magStill, for distillation, VII. 265.

VERSUS HANSARD, English libel netism, XV. 254, 255. John, bishop of Bath and Wells, case, iv. 758.

STOLLBERG, town, Rhenish Prussia, English dramatist, XXII. 550. STOCK-DOVE, VII. 379.

XXII. 574. STILLING, Heinrich (Johann Heinrich STÖCKER, A., German socialist, XXII. STOLP, town, Prussia, XXII. 574. Jung), German mystic, XIII. 774; X.

STOLPENITE, mineral, XVI. 425. 541. STOCK EXCHANGE, XXII. 556.

STOLZITE, mineral, XVI. 403. STILLINGFLEET, Edward, bishop of Stock GILL FORCE, waterfall, England, STOMACH, Anatomy of the, VII. 224; Worcester, XXII. 551; his criticism of XXIV. 514.

XVII. 669, 673; diseases of, xxII. 574; Locke, XIV. 754.

STOCKHOLM, capital of Sweden, XXII. cancer in, xvIII. 380; of Amphibia, STILLWATER, town, Minnesota, U.S.A., 557; academy, l. 73; library, xiv. 1.763; of birds, III. 726; of fishes, XII. XXII. 551.

532; newspapers, XVII. 429; obser 655; of mammals, xv. 362; of reptiles, STILL WATERS RUN DEEP, Taylor's vatory, XVII. 714.

XX. 457 comedy, XXIII. 96.

county, Sweden, XXII. 741. STOMATA, of plants, iv. 89; XII. 17. STILPNOMELANE, mineral, xvi. 415. STOCK IM EISEN, tree stump, Vienna, STONE, for building, iv. 448, 469; at Stilt, bird, xxII. 551.

XXIV. 220.

Rome, xx. 808; strength of, xxII. 603. STILTON CHEESE, V. 456.

STOCKING-FRAME, its invention, XII. Lithographic, xiv. 698. STILT-WALKERS, of Lincolnshire, Eng 299.

town, England, xxII. 576. land, xiv. 653. STOCKINGS, hosiery, XII. 299.

vesical disease, XXIV. 189. STIMULANTS, in diet, vil. 205; their | STOCKJOBBING, XXII. 557.

Nicholas, English sculptor, xxi. relation to intoxicants, VII. 482. STOCKPORT, town, England, XXII. 560. 560. STING-RAY, fish, XX. 299.

STOCKS, instrument of punishment, AGE, in archæology, II. 122, 336. STINK-BIRD, XII. 28.

XXII. 560.

STONE-BREAKER, machine, xvi. 463; STINK-Pot, bird, XVIII. 712.

public securities, XXII. 556; American, XVI. 58. STINT, bird, xxi. 260.

European, values of, 11. 73.

STONE CIRCLES, Prehistoric, II. 383; in STIPULATÆ, subclass of ferns, IX. STOCK TELEGRAPH, XXIII. 121.

Cornwall, England, vi. 427; at Stone105.

STOCKTON, town, California, U.S.A., henge (q.v.), England, XXII. 576; in STIPULATION, in Roman law, xx. 694, XXII. 560.

Peru, II. 451. See also XXI. 50. 699, 709.

AND DARLINGTON RAILWAY, Eng- STONE COAL, or Anthracite, II. 106. STIPULES, of leaves, IV. 114.

land, XX. 224.

STONEHAVEN, town, Scotland, XIV. 79. STIRABOUT, of oatmeal, xvII. 696. STOCKTON-ON-TEES, town, England, STONEHENGE, ancient stone circle, EngSTIRLING, county, Scotland, xxII. 553; XXII. 561.

land, xxII. 576; II. 383; XXI. 51. coalfield, vi. 53.

STOCKWORKS, metalliferous rocks, XVI. STONEHOUSE, town, England, xix. 236. town, Scotland, xxII. 554; battle 442.

STONE MASONRY, IV. 468. of (1297), XXI. 487.

STODART, Robert, pianoforte maker, STONE MONUMENTS, Rude, XXI. 50; in Earl of (Sir William Alexander), XIX. 74.

Polynesia, XIX. 428; in Porto Rico, Scottish poet and American colonist, 1. STODDART, Sir John, English journalist,

XIX. 532. 493; XV. 301.

XVII. 418.

STONE-PINE, tree, XIX. 104, 105. James, joint-inventor of an air- STOFFELS, Hendrickie, Rembrandt's STONES OF VENICE, Ruskin's work, engine, I. 428; XXII. 522. mistress, XX. 376.

XXIV. 151. James, Scottish mathematician, STOICs, school of ancient philosophers, STONEWALL JACKSON (Thomas JonaXXII. 555.

XXII. 561; ethics of, VIII. 583; logic than Jackson), American Confederate Mr, his experiments on the ger of, Xiv. 791; Stoicism of Persius, general, XIII. 534; XXIII. 777. mination of grass seeds, I. 370.

XVIII. 664.

STONEWARE, xix. 601; Dutch, XIX. Robert, his heat-regenerator, XXII. STOKE, Melis, Dutch writer, XII. 90. 630. 483; joint-inventor of an air-engine, 1. STOKE-NEWINGTON, district, London, STONE WEAPONS, II. 553. 428.

XIV. 822.

STONINGTON, town, Connecticut, CASTLE, Scotland, xxII. 555. STOKER, Mechanical, xxii. 500; for U.S.A., XXII. 576. STIRLING-MAXWELL, Sir William, Scot smoke abatement, XXII. 181.

STONO INLET, South Carolina, U.S.A., tish man of letters, xv. 647.

STOKES, George Gabriel, on achromatic XXII. 287. STITNY, Thomas of, Bohemian writer, lenses, XVII. 804; XXIII. 143; on radia- STONYHURST COLLEGE, Jesuit settle. XXII. 151.

tion, XX. 215; his experiments on ment, Lancashire, England, XIII. 656; STJERNHJELM, Georg, Swedish poet, viscosity, XIX. 248.

observatory at, XVII. 711. XXII. 754.

William, Irish physician, xv. 816. STOOKS, or Shocks, of corn, 1. 363.

STOP-GATES, in canals, iv. 785.

STOWMARKET, town, England, XXII. STRATHCLYDE, Kingdom of Scotland, STOP-PRESS, in newspaper printing, 622.

XXI. 475. XXIII. 703.

STRABANE, town, Ireland, xxIII. 713. STRATHEARN, district, Scotland, xvIII. STOPS, Organ, xvII. 828.

STRABISMUS, or Squinting, XVII. 785; 667. STORACE, Stephen, English musical spectacles for, XXII. 372.

STRATHPEFFER, spa, Scotland, XVI. composer, XXII. 576.

STRABO, Greek geographer and historian, 435. STORAX, gum and perfume, XXII. 577; XXII. 580; X. 177; on ancient geo- STRATIGRAPHY, in geology, X. 325. XII. 718; xiv. 687; liquid, III. 293. graphy, xv. 516.

STRATO of Lampsacus, Peripatetic philoSTORCH, Heinrich, German-Russian or Strabus, Walafrid, German sopher, XVIII. 545; on evolution, VIII. economist, xix. 388. mediæval writer, XXIV. 320.

757 Nicolaus, German religious en STRACCHINO, kind of cheese, XVI. 292. STRATTON, Charles (Tom Thumb), thusiast, xv. 76; XVII. 32.

STRADELLA, Alessandro, Italian com American dwarf, vii. 568. STORIA D'ITALIA, by Guicciardini, XI. poser and musician, XXII. 583. STRAUBING, town, Bavaria, XXII. 591. 256.

STRADIVARI, Antonio, violin maker, STRAUCH, Alexander, on tortoises, XX. STORK, bird, xxII. 577; parasites of,

XXIV. 245.

441. XVIII. 260.

STRAFFORD, Earl of, English statesman, STRAUSS, David Friedrich, German STORKS, Sir Henry, commissioner of XXII. 584; V. 405; VIII. 347; his theological writer, XXII. 591; his critiIonian Islands, XIII. 207.

administration in Ireland, xIII. 266. cism of the Gospels, 11. 191; X. 841; STORMARN, division of Holstein, xxi. STRAHLSTEIN, mineral, xvi. 417.

his Leben Jesu, XIII. 670, 672; its in415.

STRAIN, in mechanics, xxII. 595, 598, fluence on Baur, III. 448. STORM-COCK, bird, xxIII. 322.

605; VII. 819; kinematics of, xv. 693; Edward, Austrian musician, xxII. STORMONT, district, Scotland, XVIII. produced by magnetization, xv. 268; 592. 667.

produced by longitudinal stress, VII. Johann (1804-1849), Austrian STORM-PETREL, bird, xvIII. 712.

806; on ships, XXI. 817.

composer and musician, XXII. 592. STORM RONDO, Steibelt's, XXII. 530. STRAITS SETTLEMENTS, Malay Penin

Johann (b. 1825), Austrian STORMS, XVI. 154; at sea, XVII. 275; in sula, XXII. 586, 92; XV. 322.

musician, XXII. 592. North America, xxIII. 806; in West STRALSUND, town, Prussia, XXII. 587. - Joseph, Austrian musician, XXII. Indies, xxiv. 511; in Indian Ocean, STRAMONIUM, narcotic drug, XVII. 231. 592. their connexion with sun-spots, XVI. STRAND, street, London, xiv. 847. STRAUSS-DURCKHEIM, Hercule, French 180.

STRANGE, Sir Robert, Scottish engraver, entomologist, XXII. 592. STORM-WARNINGS, XVI. 158.

XXII. 588; VIII. 442.

STRAW, I. 358, 390, 395; manufactures STORNELLO, variety of Italian poetry, | STRANGLES, horse disease, XXIV. 203. of, XXII. 593; bleaching of, 111. 821; XIX. 272.

STRANGULATION, Death from, xv. 781. use of, in paper-making, XVIII. 225; STORNOWAY, town, Scotland, XIV. 492; | STRANRAER, town, Scotland, XXII. 588; use of, for thatching, IV. 501. XX. 854.

XXIV. 563.

STRAWBERRY, plant and fruit, XXII. STORR ROCK, Skye, Scotland, XXII. STRANY, bird, xi. 262.

592; XII. 276. 127.

STRASBURG, Strassburg, or Strasbourg, HILL, Walpole's residence, TwickSTORY, in architecture, II. 423, 474. town, German Alsace, XXII. 588; enham, England, XXIII. 674; XXIV.

Joseph, American jurist, XXII. council at (1531), XIX. 676; Louis 334. 578; as writer, 1. 722.

Napoleon's affair at (1836), XVII. 227; LEAF, in heraldry, XI. 711. STOSS, Veit, German sculptor, XVII. invention of printing at, XXIII. 689; STRAW MANUFACTURES, XXII. 593. 663; XXI. 565.

its bells, III. 538; cathedral sculptures, STRAW-PLAIT, XXII. 593; 1. 358. STOTHARD, Charles Alfred, English XXI. 564; library, XIV. 527, 547; STREAK, in crystals, XVI. 373. antiquarian draughtsman, XXII. 578. observatory, xvII. 713; university, STREAM LiNEs, in theory of shipbuildThomas, English painter, XXII. XXIII. 845, 851.

ing, XXI. 811. 578.

TURPENTINE, IX. 225.

STREATHAM, district, London, xiv. 822. STOU, mountain, Styria, Austria, xxII. STRASS, or Paste, in glass manufacture, STREET, George Edmund, English 614. X. 665.

architect, XXII. 594. STOUP, in architecture, II. 474.

STRATA, of rocks, X. 292; in mines, ARCHITECTURE, in England, 11. STOUR, river, Kent, England, xiv. 37.

452. — river, Suffolk, England, xxII. 621. STRATEGICS, Polyænus's work, XIX. MAKING, XX. 582. STOURBRIDGE, town, England, xxII. 411.

RAILWAYS, XXIII. 506. 579.

STRATEGY, Military, XXIV. 349; naval, SEWERS, XXI. 713. STOUT, malt liquor, IV. 275.

XXIV. 364.

STREHLENAU, Nicholas (Lenau), AusSTOUTHRIEF, in law, XXIII. 233. STRATFORD, town, Ontario, Canada, trian writer, X. 546. STOVE, XXII. 579; IX. 840; XI. 591; in

XXII. 590.

STRELITZ, Mecklenburg-, state, Gergarden hothouse, xii. 230; hotblast, DE REDCLIFFE, Viscount, English many, XV. 774. XIII. 302; in relation to smoke abate diplomatist, XXII. 590.

Neu, town, Mecklenburg-, Germent, XXII. 181.

STRATFORD-LE-Bow, district, London, many, XVII. 366. Stow, John, English historian and XIV. 822.

STRENGITE, mineral, XVI. 405. antiquary, xxII. 579.

STRATFORD-ON-Avon, town, England, STRENGTH OF MATERIALS, XXII. 594; STOWAGE, of a ship, XXI. 597, 816. XXII. 589; XXI. 741.

VII. 816; of iron and steel, XII. 353; STOWE, Mrs Harriet Beecher, American STRATH, valley, in Scotland, xxi. 524. James Thomson on, vil. 798.

writer, 1. 727; her influence against STRATHBOGIE, district, Aberdeenshire, STREPSILAS, genus of birds, XXIII. 668. slavery, XXII. 142.

Scotland, 1. 44.

STREPTONEURA, division of Mollusca, STOWELL, Lord, English judge, xxII. CASE, in Church of Scotland, v. XVI. 645. 580.

377.

STRESS, in mechanics, xv. 693, 715,

XVI. 440.

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