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AUXENTIUS of Cappadocia, Arian theo~ logian, III. 143.

AUXERRE, town, France, III. 143; XXIV. 746. .

AUXONNE, town, France, III. 143.

AUXUME (AXum, q.v.), ancient Abyssinian kingdom, III. 162; 1. 65; XXI. 654.

AVA, town, Burmah, III. 143.

AVAHIS, genus of lenIurS, XIV. 441.

AVALLON, town, France, III. 144; XXIV.

746

AVALON, peninsula, Newfoundland, XVII. 382.

_, St Hugh of, bishop of Lincoln, XII. 336.

AVANTURINE, mineral, XVI. 389.

AVARS, ancient people of Asia, XXIII. 659; their invasion of Greece, XI. 112; their overthrow by Charlemagne, V. 403; XIV. 60.

_, Caucasian tribe, XIV. 475.

AVATCHA, volcano, Kamchatka, III. 144.

AVEBURY, village, England, III. 144; cromlech at, XXI. 51; stone circles at, II. 383; XXIV. 594.

AVEDICK, Armenian patriarch, XIII. 361.

AVEIRO, town, Portugal, III. 144.

AVELLA, town, Italy, III. 144.

AVELLINO, town, Italy, III. 144.

AVEMPACE, Arabian philosopher, III. 144; II. 269; XXI. 426.

AVENA, genus of grasses, XVII. 696.

AVENBRUCGER, Leopold, Austrian physician., III. 145; XV. 815; his Inethod of auscultation, III. Ioo.

AVENCHILS, district, Switzerland, XXIV. 114, 115.

AVENTINE HILI, at Rome, хх. 731, 807.

AVENTINUS, Johann Thurmayr, GerInan writer, III. 145.

AVENTURINE, Venetian glass, XVII. 48.

AVENZOAR, Arabian physician, III. 145; X'v. 805.

AVERAGE, in maritime commerce, III. 145; in marine insurance, XIII. 187. _, mathematical and statistical, XIX.

780; XXII. 465. AVERNUS, lake, Italy, III. 149. AVERROES, Arabian philosopher and physician, 111. 149; II. 269; XV. 805; XXI. 426. AVERRUNCUS, epithct of Jupiter, XIII. 78o. AVERSA, town, Italy, III. 152. AVESNES, town, France, III. 152. AVESTA, sacred book of the Parsees, XXIV. 775; XVIII. 584,653. AVEYRON, department, France, III. 152. AVEZZANO, town, Italy, III. 152. AVIANUS, Latin fabulist, VIII. 838. AVICEBRON, Jewish philosopher, III. 152; 11.268; VIII. 758; XXI. 426. AVICENNA, Arabian philosopher and physician, III. 152; II. 267; XV. 805;

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XXI. 426; as writer in Persian, XVIII. 656.

AVICENNIA, genus of trees, XV. 481.

AVIENUS, Rufus Festus, Latin poet, III. I 5 5.

AVIGLIANO, towm, Italy, 111. 155.

AVIGNON, town, France, 111. 155; XXIV. 114; seat of papal court., V. 821; X111. 476; XIX. 501; in time of Petrarch, XVIII. 706; bridge at, IV. 33o; university, XXIII. 839.

AVILA, province, Spain, III. 156; XXII. 298; town, III. 156.

_, Gil Gonzalez d’, Spanish writer, III. 157.

_ Y ZUNIGA, Luis d’, Spanish histoI-ian, III. 157.

AVILES, San Nicolas de, town, Spain, 111. 157.

AVLONA, town, Albania, 111. 157.

AVOCA, or Ovoca, river, Ireland, XXIV. 557

AVOCADO 011, XVII. 744, 747.

AVOGADRO’S LAw or GASES, V. 465; XVI. 611; XX. 131.

AVOIRDUrOIS, system of weights, 111. 157; II. 533; XXIV. 489.

AVOLA, town, Sicily, 111. 157.

AVON, rivers, England, Scotland, France, III. 157.

_, river, Nova Scotia, XVII. 601.

_, river, Linlithgow, Scotland, XIV. 669.

_, Lower, river, Somerset, England, XXII. 257; XXIV. 594.

, Southern, river, Wilts, England, XXIV. 594.

_, Upper, or Shakespearean, river, England, XVII. 555; XXIV. 379.

AVOSET, bird, XXII. 552.

AVRANCHES, town, France, III. 157.

AVRANCHIN, district, France, XV. 458.

AwAjI, island, Japan, хш. 569.

AwANTIBo, Iemur, XIV. 443.

AXAN (Alp Arslan), Seljuk sultan, I. 598.

AXAYACATI., Mexican ruler, XVI. 210.

AXE, hand-tool, XI. 437; battle-axe, II. 555

_, river, Somerset, England, XXII. 257.

AXELHOLIII (Axholm), Isle of, England, III. 157; XIV. 653.

AXES, of crystals, XVI. 347.

AXHOLM, Isle of, England, III. 157; XIV. 65 3.

AXIM, river, Gold Coast, Africa, I. 421; Х- 755

AXINITE, mineral, XVI. 411.

AXINOMANCV, ordeal, XVII. 818.

Ахюм, 111 philosophy, III. 158; in geometry, X. 376.

AXIS, of a magnet, XV. 220, 238.

_, Earth’s, Stability of, x. 216.

AXIUS, river, Macedonia, XV. 136.

AXIIINSTER, town, England, III. 162; carpets of, V. 131.

AXOLOTL, amphibian, XXII. 96.

AXONIA, morphological form, XVI. 843.

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AXUM, ancient town, Abyssinia, III. 162; 1. 65; inscriptions at, VIII. 613; XXI. 654.

AXYLUS, or Axylum, district, Asia Minor, II. 704; XVIII. 852.

AYACUCHO, town, Peru, XVIII. 675.

_, La Paz de, town, Bolivia, XIV. 298.

AVAIIONTE, town, Spain, III. 162.

AYANI, Hasani Shabistari, Persian historian, XVIII. 657.

AYE-AYE, leInur, XIV. 443; XV. I7o.

AVEN, count and dukes of, XVII. 523.

AVLESBURV, town, England, III. 162.

AYLESFORD, village, England, III. 162.

AYLIIER, John, bishop of London, III. 162.

AVIIARAS, South-American Indians, 1V. 15; XVIII. 676; religion of, XX. 364. AYMON, Four Sons of, romance, XX.

652.

AYR, town, Scotland, III. 164.

AYRER, Jacob, German dramatist, III. 165.

AYRSHIRE, county, Scotland, III. 162; coaltield of, VI. 53; area and population, XXI. 528; representation, XXIII. 727.

_ CATTLE, 1. 388.

AYTON, Sir Robert., early Scottish poet,

III. 165.

AYTOUN, William Edmonstoune, Scottish man of letters, III. 165.

AYUXA KHAN, Mongol chief, IV. 710; XVI. 745.

AYUTHIA, town, Siam, XXI. 852.

AVYUBITES, Moslem dynasty, Egypt, XVI. 588.

AZAIS, Pierre Hyacinthe, French writer, III. 166.

AzALEA, plant, XII. 262 ; XX. 527.

Az.»\.\II\IUR, town, Morocco, XVI. 831.

A-ZANDEY, African race, XVII. 473.

AzANIA, district, Af1­iea,1. 432; XXIV. 739

AZARA, Felix de, Spanish naturalist, III. 166.

_, José Nicholas d’, Spanish diplomatist, III. 167.

AzCArUzALCO, ancient Mexican town, XVI. 209.

AZEGLIO, Marquis d’, Italian writer and statesman, III. 167; XIII. 487, 489.

AZERBIJAN, or Adarbaijan, province, Persia, III. 167; XVIII. 626.

AZEUS, or Azeis, epithet of Zeus at Laodicea, XIV. 293.

AzHAR, mosque and college, Cairo, IV. 646; XXII. 660.

AzILA, town, Morocco, XVI. 831.

AzIIIOARH, district and town, India, III. 168.

AZIMUTH, defined, X. 198 ; in surveying, XXII. 700, 705, 712.

_ COMPASS, XVI. 160.

AZINCOURT (Aginconrt), Battle of (1415), I. 282; V111. 320; 1X. 549.

AZIZ, province, Asiatic Turkey, XXIII. 65 3.

AZO, Italian Writer on law, III. 169.

AZOFF, town, Russia, III. 169.

_, Sea of, Russia, III. 169, 796.

AzoIC STRATA, in geology, X. 327.

AZOLITMIN, chemical Substance, XIV. 703

AZORES, islands, Atlantic Ocean, III. 169, 18.

AZOTUS (Ashdod, q.v.), town, Palestine, III. 172.

AZPEITIA, town, Spain, III. 172.

AZRAK, Bahr el (Blue Nile), Africa., XVII. 507, 508.

AZIIAXI, Arab historian, XXIII. 3.

AZTECS, ancient people Of Mexico, III. 172; 1. 695, 706; XII. 828; XVI. 206; in Nicaragua., XVII. 479; their hieroglyphic symbols, I. 602; their mythology, XVII. 150.

AzULEJOS, Moorish wall-tiles, XVII. 36.

Атм, Domenico Alberto, Italian jurist, III. 172.

Агнии, blue pigment, XIX. 87.

AZURITE, mineral, XVI. 399; XV. 315.

AZYGOBRANCHIA, order of Mollusca, XVI. 648; XXII. 187.

AZZO (Ат), Italian writer on law, III. 169.

-— l.-Vlll., princes of Este, Italy, VIII. 558.

B the second letter of the alphabet, I III. I7 3.

BAADER, Franz Xaver von, German philosopher, III. 173; XXIII. 247, 279.

BAAL, title Of Semitic deities, III. 175; IV. 764; XIII. 402; XVI. 696; XVIII. 803; XXIII. 237; human sacrifices to, XVIII. 730; worship of, in Israel, 1. 421.

BAALBEC, ancient town, Syria, III. 176.

BAAL-ZEBUB, Philistine god, 111. 503; XVIII. 756.

BAANES, Paulician teacher, XVIII. 434.

BAARAS, fabulous herb, XV. 476.

BAB, The (Mohammed Ali), founder of Babisni, in Mohannnedanism, III. 180; XVIII. 650; XXII. 665.

BABA-DACH, Inountains, Asia Minor, II. 706; V. 2 54.

BABAR (Baber, q.v.), founder of the Mogul empire, 111. 179; II. 700.

BABATAC, toxm, Bulgaria, III. 178.

BABBA, town, Mauretania, Africa, XV. 637.

BABBAGE, Charles, English mathematician, III. 178; his calculating machine, Iv. 654; logarithmic tables by, XXIII. ю.

ВАВСОСК, Alphteus, pianoforte maker, XIX. 77.

BABEGAN (Artaxerxes L), king of Persia, II. 642.

BABEL, of Scripture, III. 178.

BAB-EL-MANDEB, strait, Red Sea, III. 179; хх. 316.

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BABER (Zehir-ed-din Mohammed), founder of Mogul dynasty, 111. 179; 11.700; XII. 793, 794; XVIII. 632.

BABEUF, François Noel, French socialist, 111. 179; IX. 609; XXII. 207.

BABHAI, the Archimandrite, Syriac writer, XXII. 842.

_ BAR N ESIIIIINAVE, Syriac writer, XXII. 844.

BABHAVUTI, Hindu агаты, VII. 397.

ВАШ, Mohammedan sect in Persia, III. 180; XVIII. 650; XXII. 665.

BABIA СОКА, mountain, Carpathians, Austria, X. 25.

BABII., part of modern Babylon, III. 183.

BABINGTON, Anthony, conspirator against Elizabeth of England, XV. 600.

BABINGTONITE, mineral, XVI. 417.

BABIRUSSA, genus of ungulate mammals, XXII. 774.

Выше, Asturian dialect, 11.824; XXIII. 35o.

BABOONS, genus of apes, II. 152; XV. 477

BABOUVISM, the communism of Babeuf, III. 180; XXII. 207.

BAIIRIUS, or Babrias, Greek fabulist, III. 181; VIII. 838.

BABUNGERA (Шиш-1118111),
African race, XVII. 473.

BABUYANES, islands, Philippines, XVIII. 751- ‘

BABY (Babi), Mohammedan sect in Persia, 111. 180; 111/111650; XXII. 665.

BABYLON, city, III. 182; as the capital of Alexander@ empire, XVIII. 583; captivity of the Jews in, XIII. 417; under Mede-Persian rule, XVIII. 566, 572; carpets of, V. 128; embroideries, VIII. 161; wall-sculptures, XVII. 34.

BABYLONIA, III. 183; chronology of, hy Berosus, 111. 607; geographical extent of, XVI. 5o; contest with Israel, XIII. 379; conquest of, by Cyrus, VI. 753; Parthian kingdom of, XVIII. 592; coins of, XVII. 65o; Jewish schools in, XIII. 429; language of, XXI. 649; pottery of, XIX. 604.

BABYLONIAN CAPrIVITV or
CHURCH, Luther’s work, XV. 78.

BABVLONIAN COSMOGONIES, VI. 446.

BABVLONIAN INSCRIPTIONS, XIII. 114.

BABVLONIAN NUMERALS, XVII. 625.

BABVLONIAN PIIILOSOPIIERS, I. 461.

BABVLONIANS, II. 698; their religion, XX. 362; XXIII. 237.

_, The, Aristophanes’s comedy, II. 509

BABVLONICA, Greek novel, XX. 634.

BACASIS (Manresa), ancient town, Spain, XV. 497.

BACCARAT, town, France, III. 194.

BACCIIIE, worshippers of Bacchus, XVII. 839.

_, Euripidcs’s play, VIII. 667.

BACCIIANALIA, Greek 1eligiousfestivals, VII. 247.

Central

THE

BACCI-IIAD/E, ruling family in ancient Corinth, VI. 397.

BACCIIIGLIONE, river, Italy, III. 194.

BACCI-IUS, Roman god (the Greek Dionysus), VII. 248; 11. 103; orgies of, XVII. 839; XXI. 137.

BACCIIVLIDES, Greek poet, 111. 194.

BACCIO DELLA PORTA, Italian painter, III. 194; XX. 275.

BACH, Johann Sebastian, German musician, 111. 194; XIX. 67; character of his music, XVII. 90.

_, Karl Philip Emmanuel, German musical c0u1p0scr,111. 196; XIX. 67; as symphonist, XVII. 96.

BACI-IE, Mount, California, U.S.A. XXIII. 801.

_, Alexander Dallas, American physi~ eist, III. 196.

BACHELOR, 111. 196.

_, Knight, XIV. 117.

_ 0F ARTS, university degree, XXIII. 835.

BACI-IIAN (Batchian), island, ‘ Indian
Archipelago, III. 197.

BACILLARIACE/E, former
Diatomacezr, VII. 169.

BACILLUS, Vegetable organism, XXI. 399.

_ ANTHRACIS, infective organism, XVII. 59; XXI. 400; XXII. 679.

BACK, George, Arctic explorer, X. 193;
XIX. 319, 320.

BACKERGUNJE (Bakarganj),
India, III. 247.

BACKERS, Amcricus, pianoforte maker,
XIX. 73.

BACXGAMMON, game, III. 197.

BACXIIUVSEN, Ludolf, Dutch painter, III. 2oo.

BACKING, in betting, III. 619.

BACKLEYS, cattle of the Kaifres, V. 246.

BACKOVSKY, F., Bohemian writer, XXII. 153.

BACKSWORD, weapon, XXII. 801.

BACXwARDATION, Stock Exchange term, I. 92.

BACON, Francis (Lord Vernlam), lord chancellor of England and philosopher, 111.200; VIII.344; on aeronautics,1. 187; on astrology, 11. 742 ; his cryptographic system, VI. 670; his logic, XIV. 791; his rhetoric, XX. 515; his theism, XXIII. 244; his place in English literature, VIII. 422.

_, John, English sculptor, III. 218; XXI. 560.

_, or Baconthorpe, John, learned English monk, III. 222.

_, Sir Nicholas keeper of the great seal, III. 218.

_, Roger, English philosopher and scientist, 111. 218; VIII.409; XVI.710; imprisoned by Pope Nicholas IV., XVII. 484; on alchemy, I. 464; his claim of power ю fly, I. 186; his magical inventions, XV. 208; on mnemonics, XVI. 5 32; on optical glasses,

name of

district, ххш. 135; on the travels of Friar William, XXI. 47.

BACONTHORPE, John, learned English monk, III. 222.

BACSANYI, Janes, Hungarian poet, III. 222; XII. 377.

BACTERIA, vegetable organisms, XXI. 398; in animal tissues, XXII. 680; their power of resisting heat, III. 680, 688.

BACTERIUM, genus of Schizomycetes, xxl- 399, 405.

BACTHIAN (Cachao), town, Anam, IV. 624.

BACTRA (Balkli), ancient town, Afghanistan, III. 282; I. 243.

BAC'I'RIA, or Bactriana, ancient country, Asia, 111. 222; XVIII. 101; kingdom, XVIII. 587, 589, 599, 603; conquest of, by Alexander, XV. 141; Greek colonies in, XVIII. 583; language of, XVIII. 653.

BACUP, town, England, 111. 222.

BADAGAs, hill tribes, India, XVII. 509.

BADAGRV, town, West Africa, ххш. 754

BADAJOS, province, Spain, III. 223; VIII. 564; XXII. 298.

_, town, Spain, III. 223; capture of (1812), XXIV. 496.

BADAXHSHAN, country, Central Asia, III. 223, 241; rubies of, XXI. 48.

BADALOCCIIIO, Sisto (Rosa), Italian painter, III. 224. BADARINATH, or выплат, town

and temple, India, III. 229; XI. 835. BADBURV, town, England, XXIV. 594. BADEN, grand-duchy, Germany, III.

224.

_, town, Austria, III. 227; mineral water of, XVI. 435.

_, town, Switzerland, III. 227; mineral water of, XVI. 43 3.

_ BADEN, town, Germany, III. 226; mineral water of, XVI. 434.

BADENOCH, Wolf of, brother of Robert III. of Scotland, XXI. 491.

BADENWEILER, town, Baden, mineral water of, XVI. 433.

BADGE, in heraldry, XI. 709.

BADGER, group of carnivorous mammals, III. 227; XV. 440; hibernation of, XI. 788; skins of, IX. 837.

_, Honey, XX. 288.

BADHVz, district, Transcaspian Region, Russia, XXIII. 512.

BADIA Y LEBLICH, Domingo, Spanish traveller, III. 227.

BADIUS, Jodocus or Josse, Belgian printer, III. 228.

BADKU, government and town, Russia, III. 258.

BADMINTON, game, III. 228.

BADNUR, town, India, III. 228.

BAD PYRMONT, tomi, Germany, XXIV. 321.

BADRINATH, town and temple, India, III. 229; XI. 835.

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BADURIA, town, India, XXIII. 673.

BIEDA (Bede, q.v.), early English historian, III. 480.

BAELE, tribe, North Central Africa, XXIII. 334.

BAENA, town, Spain, III. 229.

_, Alfonso de, Spanish writer, XXII. 355—

ВАншшз, family of reptiles, XXIII. 457.

BAER, Carl Ernst von, Russo-German naturalist, XXIV. 807; on embryology, VIII. 165; хш. 839; on evolution, VIII. 749, 763; híslaw of development, XX. 42I.

B/ETICA (Andalusia), ancient Roman province, Spain, II. Io; XXII. 307.

BAEZA, town, Spain, III. 229.

BAFFIN, William, English navigator, III. 229; X. 184; his northern explorations and discoveries, XIX. 317.

BAFI-‘Irrs BAY, North America, III. 229.

IIA-FING, river, West Africa, XXI. 660.

BAFIOTE, people, West Africa, XIV. 742.

BAGAMOYO, town, East Africa, ххш. 768.

BAGARIUS, genus of fishes, XXII. 68.

BAGATELLE, game, III. 229.

BAGAY, Nouvelles Tables miques by, XXIII. II.

BAGEHOT, Walter, English economist, XIX. 396; VIII. 259.

BAGGER, Carl Christian, Danish writer, VII. 93.

BAGGESEN, Jens Emmanuel, Danish hinnorist, III. 23o; VII. 92.

BAGGIO, Ansehno (Pope Alexander 11.), I. 486.

BAGHDAD, province, Asiatic Turkey, III. 231; XXIII. 653.

_, town, Asiatic Turkey, III. 231; founding of,II. 259; XVI. 579; caliphs of, I. 8; capture of, by the Mongols, XVI. 742; conquest of, by the Turks, XXIII. 645; observatory, XVII. 709; school of philosophy, II. 267.

BAGHERMI, or Bagirini, district, Central Africa, Iii. 234; 1. 271; XXII. 279; group of Negroes, XVII. 319.

BAGHMATI, or Bagmati, river, India, 111.235; XVII. 340.

BAGHTCIIASARAI, town, Russia, III. 249; vi. 586.

BAGIIuoNUs ROLL, Scotland, I. 491.

BAGIRMI, district, Central Africa, III. 234; I. 271; XXII. 279; group of Negroes, XVII. 319.

BAGLEY, Thomas, Lollard preacher, XIV. 812.

BAGLIONI, Gian Paolo and Rodolfo, tyrants of Perugia, XVIII. 680.

BAGLIVI, Giorgio, Italian physician, III. 235.

BAGMATI (Baghmati), river, Nepal, III. 235; XVII. 340.

BAGNACAVALLO, Baitolommeo, Italian painter, III. 235.

Astrono

BAGNÈREs-DE-BIGORRE, town, France, III. 235; хх. 127; mineral waters of, XVI. 43 3.

BAGNEREs-DE-LUCHON, town, France, Iii. 235.

BAGNI, Casciano dei, town, Italy, V. I7 5.

_ DI LUCCA, commune, Italy, XV. 39.

BAGNOLES, mineral spring, France, XVIII. 1.

BAGNYON. Jean, French romancist, XX. 65o.

BAGoAs, Persian satrap, XVIII. 581.

BAGPIPE, musical instrument, III. 235.

BAGRADAs (Mejeida), river, Noi-th Africa, XXIII. 619.

BAGRAT I.­lV., rulers of Georgia., X. 432

BAGRATIoN, Prince Peter, Russian general, III. 235; XVII. 217.

BAGRU, river, Sierra Leone, Africa., XXII. 45

BAGRUs, genus of fishes, XXII. 68.

BAGURA (Bogra), district, India., III. 859.

BAHADUR, Sir Jung, ruler of Nepal, xvii. 344.

BAHALUI., jester of Haroun al Raschid, IX. 366.

BAHAMAS, islands, West Indies, III. 236; XXIV. 510.

BAHARA SAPI-IINQUE, sulphur mine, on Red Sea, XXII. 634.

BAHA-UDDIN WALAD, Persian doctor, XXI. 59.

BAHIA, province and town, Brazil, III. 239.

BAHIR, шатен, XVI. 287.

BAHIUDA, desert, Nubia, Africa, XVII. 610.

BAHRAICH, district and town, India., XVIII. 72.

BAHR AL-AIIIAD (White Nile), river, Africa, I. 48; II. 62; XVII. 506, 508. BAHR AL-AswAD, or Анюта, tributary of the Nile, Africa, II. 62, 827; XVII.

507, 508

BAHR AL-AzRAX (Blue Nile), river, Africa, 11.62; XVII. 507.

BAHR AL-GHAZAL, tributary of the. Nile, Africa, XVII. 506.

BAHR AL-JEBEI., headwaters of the Nile, Africa, XVII. 505, 507.

BAHR AL-ZERAF, branch of the Nile, Africa, XVII. 506.

BAHRAM I.­II., kings of Persia, XVIII. 608.

_ lll., of Persia, XVIII. 609.

_ IV."V., of Persia, XVIII. 610.

_ CHOIIIN, Persian general, XVIII. 613.

_ KHAN, Turkoman noble, I. 434.

BAHRDT, Karl Friedrich, German theologian, III. 24o.

BAHREIN, island, Persian Gulf, III. 240; II. 254; pearl fisheries of, XVIII. 447.

BAHR EL-AswAD. See Bahr al-Aswad. BAHREYN (Bahrein, аль), island, Persian Gulf, III. 24o; II. 254.

BAHRIVA, oasis, Africa XVII. 695.

BAHR-YoosUF, canal, Egypt, VII. 710.

1311145, ancient town, Italy, III. 24o; II. 221; bay of, XVII. 188.

Вмвикт, town, Asiatic Turkey, III. 24o.

BAIERN (Bavaria, q.v.), III. 453.

BAIE ST PAUL, tomi, Canada, XX. 167.

BAIF, Jean Antoine de, French poet, III. 24o; IX. 65o; XX. 841.

BAIXAI, Lake, Siberia, III. 241; XIV. 217; ххп. 5; ххш. 510.

ВА1КАЫТЕ, mineral, XVI. 416.

BAIKIE, William Balfour, African explorer, III. 241.

BAII., in law, III. 241.

BAILEN, or Baylen, town, Spain, III. 241.

BAILEY, in architecture, II. 460.

_, or Baily, Nathanael, English lexicographer, III. 241.

_, Samuel, English philosopher, III. 241.

БАНДЕ, Captain, Erskine’s defence of, VIII. 530.

BAILIFF, ancient magistrate, IV. 62.

BAILLET, Adrien, French writer, III. 242.

BAILLEUL, tosm, France, III. 242; XVII. 535

BAILLIE, J oanna, English writer, III. 243.

_, Matthew, anatomist and physician, III. 243; XV. 813.

_, Robert, Scottish Presbyterian divine, III. 243.

BAILLY, Jean Sylvain, French щего— nonIer and Revolutionist, 111. 244.

BAILMENTS, in law, VII. 239.

BAILY, Edward Hodges, English sculp­ tor, III. 245; xXI. 561.

_, Francis, English astronomer, III. 245.

_, Nathanael, English lexicographer, III. 241.

BAIN, Alexander, on the beautiful, I. 223; on education, VII. 678; on emotional expression, хх. 43; on psycho­ logy of belief, III. 534.

BAINBRIDGE, John, English physician and astronomer, III. 245.

BAINES, Edward, English journalist, III` 245.

_, Matthew Talbot, English lawyer, III. 245.

BAINI, Giuseppe, Italian musician, III. 246.

BAINSHA, tame buffalo, Iv. 442.

BAIRAXTAR, Turkish vizier, XXIII. 648.

BAIRAM, Turkish festival, III. 246.

_ ALI, town, Merv, Asia, XVI. 43.

BAIRAMITCH, Plain of, Asia Minor, XXIII. 578.

[graphic]

ВАНН), Sir David, British general, III. 246.

_, Spencer F., on North American biIds,.XvIII. 16; on American fisheries, IX. 267.

BAIREUTH, or Bayreuth, town, Bavaria, III. 246; Wagneŕs opera-house at, XXIV. 316.

BAIRUT (Beyrout, q.v.), town, Syria, III. 622.

BAIsA B01., gum resin, XVII. 121.

BAIsI, district, Nepal, XVII. 34o.

BAISUN, town, Hissar, Central Asia, XII. 3.

BAIT, in angling, II. 35; mussels as, XVII. 110.

BAITARANI, river, India, v. 243.

BAITOOL, or Веги], district, India, III. 619.

BAIZE, coarse woollen stuff, IX. 292.

BAJA, town, Hungary, III. 246.

_, tomi, Tunis, XXIII. 620.

BAJAZET, or Bayezid, I., Turkish sultan, III. 247; ххш. 641.

_ II., Turkish sultan, III. 247; XXIII. 642.

_, Racine’s drama, хх. 207.

BAJAzID, tomi, Armenia, III. 458.

Выпив, Egyptian millet, XVI. 321.

BA JUS, Michael (De Bay), Belgian theologian, III. 247.

BAJzA, Joseph, Hungarian poet, III. 247; XII. 378.

BAKARGANJ, district, India, III. 247.

BAXEL, town, Senegal, Africa, XXI. 660.

BAKER, Henry, English physicist, III. 249.

_, J. G., on the varieties of the potato, XIX. 595.

_, Sir Richard, English chronicler, III. 249.

--—, Sir Samuel, his Egyptian expedition, I. 248; his Nile explorations, XVII. 506.

_, Thomas, English antiquary, 111. 249.

_, Mount, Cascade Mountains, U.S.A., XXIII. 800.

BAKERIES, Public, in Rome, III. 25o.

BAXEwELL, town, England, III. 249.

_, Robert, English agriculturist, I. 302.

BAKIICIIISARAI, or Baghtchasarai, town, Russia, III. 249; v1. 586.

BAKHMUT, town, Russia, III. 250.

BA-KIIOY, river, Senegal, West Africa, XXI. 660.

ВАШ, Ottoman elegiac poet, XXIII. 656.

BAXING, III. 250; of meat, VI. 332. BAKU, government and town, Russia, 111.258; XXI. 69; ххш. 513, 514. BAKUNIN, Michael, Russian socialist,

XIII. 190; XXII. 216.

BAKYR TCHAI, river, Asia Minor, 11.

708.

[graphic]

BALA, town, Wales, III. 2 58; lake, XVI. 39

BALAAM, of Scripture, III. 258.

BALACLAVA, harbour, Crimea, Russia, VI. 587.

BALADIIORI, Moslem historian, XVI. 596

ВАЫЕЫА, genus of cetacean mammals, XXIV. 523; xv. 395.

BALIENICEPS, genus of birds, XXII. 577

BAL/ENOIDEA, suborder of Cetacea, xv. 394

BALJENOPTERA, genus of cetacean mammals, XXIV. 524; XV. 395.

BALIEUS, of Aleppo, Syriac writer, XXII. 828.

BALAFRÉ (Francis of Guise), French soldier, XI. 266.

BALAGIIAT, district, Central India, III. 260.

_, The, tracts of hill country, India, V. 608; XXI. 210.

BALAI (Balœus), Syriac writer, XXII. 828.

BALAMIR, leader of the Ниш, x11. 381.

BALANCE, measuring apparatus, III. 261; automatic, XVI. 490; spring, invention of, XII. 149.

——, Compensation, for watch, XXIV. 395

— 0F Рот/1212, 111. 267.

BALANCING LEI'rER, The, Somers’s pamphlet., XXII. 2 57.

BALANID/a, suborder of Crustacea, v1. 651, 665.

BALANINUS, genus of insects, XXIV. 477.

BALANOGLOSSUS, species of worms,
XXIV. 179, 187.

BALANoPIIoRAcE/s, parasitic
XVIII. 266.

BALANTES, people, Senegambia, XXI. 662.

BALANrIUM, genus of tree-ferns, XXIII.

534BALARUC, France, mineral water of,

XVI. 434.

BALAs, Alexander, Syrian ruler, I. 846; XIII. 422.

BALAsH, king of Persia, XVIII. 611.

BALASIIOFF, town, Russia, XXI. 305.

BALAsoR, district, India, III. 272; tomi, III. 273; XVII. 845.

BALAs RUBY, XXI. 48.

BALAssA-GYARMAT, town, Hungary, x1. 346

BALATA GUM, percha, XI. 339.

BALATON, Lake, Hungary, 111. 171; XII.

62.

BÍLBI, Adrian, Italian geographer, III. 273.

BALBIN, Aloys B., Bohemian Jesuit historian, XXII. 152.

BALBO, Cesare, Italian writer and statesтаи, Ш- 273; XIII. 487, 516.

BALBOA, ‘78500 Nuñez de, Spanish navi

XXV. — 6

plants,

substitute for gutta gator and explorer, III. 273; XVIII. 115; discovers Pacific Ocean, X. 182. BALBRIGGAN, tomi, Ireland, III. 274. BALBULUS, Notkcr, musical composer, XVII. 597. BALDACIIIN, canopy, 11.462; XXIII. 723.

BALDASARRE D’ ANNA, Venetian painter, II. 60.

BALDE, Jakob, modern Latin poet, III. 274.

BALD EAGLE, bird, vII. 590.

BALDER, Norse divinity, III. 275; 1. 210; XVII. 156.

_, DobelPs poem, vII. 307.

BALDI, Bernardino, Italian matican, III. 274.

BALDINGER, Ernest Gottfried, German physician, III. 275.

BALDINI, Baccio, Italian engraver, vIII. 441.

BALDINUCCI, Filippo, Italian writer, III. 275.

BALDNEss, skin affection, XXII. 121.

BALDOON CASTLE, Wigtown, Scotland, XXIV. 563.

BALDovINEI'rI, Alessio, Italian painter, III. 275.

BALD PEAK, mountain, Massachusetts, U.S.A, XXIII. 792.

НАшиссю DI PIsA, Italian sculptor, XIX. 122; XXI. 568.

BALDUINUS, Jacobus, Italian jurist, III. 275.

BALDUNG, Hans (Grün), painter, XI. 224.

BALDUR, or Balder, Norse divinity, III. 275; I. 210; XVII. 156.

BALDUS, Italian jurist, III. 276.

BALDWIN, Byzantine emperor (IX. of Flanders), VI. 629.

-— I.-IX., counts of Flanders, IX. 290, 291

mathe

Gelman

.-V., kings of Jerusalem, VI. 627; XXIII. 161.

­- I., of Jerusalem, VI. 627; IX. 538.

——, Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, 111.276.

BALDV, mountain, New Mexico, U.S.A., XVII. 399.

BÁLE (Basel, q.v.), canton and town, Switzerland, III. 408.

BALE, John, bishop of Ossory, III. 276; XIII. 263.

BALEARIC ISLANDS, Spain, III.
xv. 820; XXII. 298; pottery of,
623; their historical connexion
Spain, XXII. 323.

BALEARICUS, Metellus,
Majorca, XVIII. 191.

BALEEN, whalebonc, XV. 394; XXIV. 523, 528

BALES, Peter, shorthand writer, III. 279; XXI. 836.

BALFE, Michael William, musical composer, III. 279.

BALI-"OUR, Arthur J., on philosophic doubt, XXI. 383.

276; XIX. with

colonizer of

[graphic]

BALFOUR, Francis M., on embryology, XX. 418; V111. 169.

_, Sir James, Scottish antiquary, III. 280.

­_, Sir James, Scottish judge, III. 280.

_, Robert., Scottish scholar, III. 280; XXI. 543.

BALFROOSH, town, Persia, 111. 280.

BALGUY, John, English moralist, III. 280.

BALI, island, Indian Archipelago, III. 281; birds of, III. 764.

ВАША, magistracy of Florence and Siena, XV. 785; XXII. 41.

BALIER, Heinrich der, German sculptor, XXI. 565.

BALIOI., Edward, claimant of the Scottish throne, vIII. 318; XXI. 489. _, John, king of Scotland, VIII. 312;

хх. 592; XXI. 486.

_, or Balliol, Sir John de, English baron, III. 282.

BALISTES, genus of fishes, IX. 161.

BALKAN MOUNTAINS, Turkey, III. 282.

BALKANS, Great and Little, mountains, Transcaspian Region, Russia, XXIII. 511.

BALKASII, Lake, Central Asia, хш. 217; XXI. 64o.

BALKH, river and province, Afghanistan, l. 242, 243; town, III. 282.

BALKIZ, town, Asia Minor, VI. 753.

BALL, John, English Puritan divine, III. 282.

BALLADES, Early French, 1X. 644.

BALLAD OPERAs, English, XvII. 99.

BALLADS, III. 283, 288; of romance literature, XX. 632; Scrvian, XXI. 690.

BALLALAS, dynasty of Mysore, India, XVII. 123.

BALLANCHE, Pierre Simon, French moralist, III. 285.

BALLANTYNE, John and James, Scottish printers, their relations with Scott, XXI. 548.

BALLARAT, town, Australia, III. 286.

BALLARI (Bellary), district and town, India, 111. 286.

BALLATER, village, Scotland, 111. 287.

BALLENSTEDT, town, Germany, 111. 287.

BALLENY ISLAND, South Polar regions, XIX. 33o.

BALLET, theatrical representation, 111. 288; VI. 800; of action, XVIII. 215.

_, variety of song, XVII. 84.

BALLEY, mountain, California, U.S.A, XXIII. 801.

BALL-FLOWER, in architecture, II. 460.

BALLINA, town, Ireland, III. 288; XXII. 159.

BALLINASLOE, town, Ireland, 111. 288; X. 56.

BALLINROIIE, town, Ireland, Xv. 65o.

BALLIOI., Sir John de, English baron, III. 282.

_ COLLEGE, Oxford, XVIII. 96.

BALLISTICS, theory of gunncry, XI. 297.

[graphic]

BALLONS, rounded summits in Vosges Mountains, France, XXIV. 298.

BALLooN, I. 187; electric motors for, XXIII. 496.

-— Розт, XIX. 581.

BALLoT, system of voting, III. 288.

BALLoIJs Law oF THE WINDS, хш. 147.

BALLOT Y TORRES, Joseph Pau, Spanish writer, XXII. 364.

BALLOU, Hosea, American Universalist, XXIII. 831.

BALLsPIEI., German tennis, XXIII. 179.

BALLYBLAY, town, Ireland, XVI. 718.

BALLYCASTLE, town, Ireland, III. 292.

BALLVMENA, town, Ireland, 111. 292.

BALLvMoRE, fort, Westmeath, Ireland, XXIV. 513.

BALLYMOTE, town, Ireland, XXII. 159.

--, Book of, Irish MS., v. 306.

BALLYSADARE, river, Ireland, XXII. 159.

BALLvsIIANNoN, 292; VII. 362.

BALM, perennial herb, XII. 289.

BALMER, Е. J., his law 111 spectroscopy, XXII. 379.

BALMERINO, Lord, Scottish Jacobite, trial of, XXI. 511. BALMEz, or Balmes, Jaime Lucien, Spanish writer, III. 292; XXII. 362. BALIII or GILEAD, oleo-resin, 111.293; used as incense, XII. 718.

BALMORAL CASTLE, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, III. 292.

BALNAVES, Henry, Scottish Protestant, III. 292; хп. 130.

Выпив, Roman baths, 111. 434.

BALNEUM MARI/E, process in alchemy, I. 462.

BALQUHIDDER, district, Scotland, xvIII. 667.

BALsAM, oleo-resin, III. 292; II. 237; хх. 474; used as incense, XII. 718.

_ BOG, vegetable production, Falkland Islands, IX. 15.

­_- FIR, American tree, XXIII. 809.

­­-­ MOUNTAIN, Virginia, U.S.A, XXIII. 794

BALSAMO, Joseph (Count Cagliostro), adVenturer, IV. 641.

BALsAMoDENDRoN, genus of trees, III. 293; XvII. 121.

BALSAR, town, India, XXII. 667.

BALTA, town, Russia, III. 293; XIX. 254.

BALTAJI MUIIAMMED, Turkish vizier, XXIII. 646.

BALTARD, Louis Pierre, French engraver, 111. 293.

BALTI, district, Tibet, XIV. 198.

BALTIC LANGUAGES, XvIII. 785.

BALTIC SEA, III. 293; X. 447; XXII. 737; amber deposits of, I. 659.

BALTIMORE, town, Maryland, U.S.A, 111.298; xv. 603; XXIII. 822; libraries, хш. 550; newspapers, XvII. 434.

town, Ireland, III.

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