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SHAHPUR, district and town, India, bituminous, XVIII. 240; alum from, 1. SHARP, James, archbishop of St Andrews, XXI. 735. 646; naphtha from, XVII. 174.

Scotland, XXI. 779, 515; XIX. 683. SHAHPURA, state, India, xx. 260. SHALLOT, vegetable, XII. 288.

William, English line-engraver, SHAHRASTANI,

Persian jurisconsult SHALMANESER I., king of Assyria, II. XXI. 780. and theologian, XXI. 736.

186.

SHARPE, Mrs, on archery, II. 377. SHAHRAZAD, of the Arabian Nights II., of Assyria, III. 186; XIII. 406. Richard B., on birds, XVIII. 12. Entertainments, XXIII. 316.

IV., of Assyria, III. 187; XIII. SHARPSBURGH, U.S.A., Battle of (1862), SHAHRBARAZ, Persian general, xvIII. 412.

XXIII. 777 615.

SHAMANISM, form of religion, XXI. 771; | SHASTA, Mount, Sierra Nevada, U.S.A., SHAIBANI, or Sheibani, ruler of Uzbek of Assyria, III. 192; of Pelew Islands, XXIII. 800. Tartars, XVI. 749; XVIII. 635.

XVIII. 474; in Russia, XXI. 81; in SHATRANJ, Oriental game, v. 598. SHAIKHS, class of Mohammedans in

Tibet, XXIII. 344.

SHATSK, town, Russia, XXIII. 41. India, XII. 746; XV. 185.

SHAMLI, town, India, XVII. 114. SHAWENEGAN, waterfall, Canada XX. SHAIRP, John Campbell, Scottish poeti- SHAMMAI, Jewish rabbi, XXI. 771. 165. cal critic, XXI. 736.

SHAMMAR, Arab tribe, Mesopotamia, SHAWL, article of dress, XXI. 781; CashSHAKERLY WITH TYLDESLEY, town,

XVI. 49.

mere, XIV. 12; Persian, xvIII. 626; England, xxIII. 674.

SHAMO, district, Central Asia, X. 713. of Kirman, xiv. 100. SHAKERS, religious sect, XXI. 736; vi. SHAMOKIN, town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., SHAWM, musical instrument, XVII. 707. 216; similar communities in the early

XXI. 771.

SHAWMUT, peninsula, Massachusetts, Irish Church, XIII. 248.

SHAMOY (or CHAMOIS) LEATHER, XIV. U.S.A., IV. 72. SHAKESPEARE, Anne Hathaway, wife 390.

SHAWNEES, American-Indian tribe, XII. of the dramatist, XXI. 754, 766. SHAMS, Sabæan goddess, XXIV. 741. 832.

Edmund, brother of the dramatist, SHAMS-UDDIN, Persian teacher, XXI. 59. SHEA BUTTER, vegetable fat, XVII. 744, XXI. 755, 765.

Muhammed (Hafiz), Persian poet, 747.
Hamnet, only son of the dramatist, XI. 367; XVIII. 659.

SHEADINGS, districts, Isle of Man, xv. XXI. 755, 765.

SHAN-A-LIN, mountains, Manchuria, 452.
John, the dramatist's father, XXI. XV. 465.

SHEAR, SHEARING, in mechanics, xv. 745.

SHANG DYNASTY, of China, V. 643. 694; XIX. 797; in bridges, iv. 286; Judith, daughter of the dramatist, SHANGHAI, town, China, XXI. 771; V. shearing stress, XXII. 594. XXI. 755, 765.

635; temple of Confucius at, 11. 448. SHEARING, of sheep, I. 396. Mary Arden, the dramatist's SHANKLIN, town, Isle of Wight, Eng MACHINE, for iron plates, xv. mother, XXI. 747, 765. land, xxiv. 562.

157. Richard, the dramatist's grand- SHAN LANGUAGE, Asia, xxi. 774. SHEARS, cutting tool, xl. 439; in iron father, XXI. 744.

SHANNON, river, Ireland, XIII. 216. manufacture, XIII. 330; XV. 157. Susanna, daughter of the dramatist, SHANs, people of Burmah and Siam, in seamanship, XXI. 593, 604. XXI. 755, 756, 765.

XXI. 773, 854; IV. 553.

SHEARWATER, bird, XXI. 781; XX. William, English dramatist, XXI. SHAN-SE, province, China, v. 634.

102; XXII. 120. 737; VII. 430; Madden on the spelling |SHAN STATES, Burmah, XXI. 773. SHEATHBILL, bird, XXI. 782. of the name, xv. 176; his position in SHANTOW (Swatow), town, China, XXII. SHEATH-FISH, XXII. 68. English literature, VIII. 418; his con

733.

SHEAVES, in mechanics, XV. 763. nexion with Edward Alleyn, I. 584; | SHAN-TUNG, province, China, v. 633. SHEBA, of Scripture, XXIV. 738. his influence on Beaumont and Flet- SHAP, town, England, XXIV. 516. SHEBBEARE, Dr John, his trial for cher, III. 470; in favour with Queen SHAPING MACHINES, machine tools, xv. libel, iv. 735. Elizabeth, VIII. 142; his use of Geoffrey 156.

SHEBOYGAN, town, Wisconsin, U.S.A., of Monmouth's legends, X. 173; his SHAPINSHAY, island, Orkney, Scotland, XXI. 782; population, xxiv. 617. connexion with the Globe Theatre, XVII. 846.

SHECHEM, town, Palestine, xxi. 783, London, xxIII. 224; his borrowing SHAPUR I., king of Persia, xvIII. 608; 243. plots from Greene, XI. 164; his influ

XVII. 514.

SHEE, Sir Martin Archer, Irish painter, ence on German literature, X. 532; II., of Persia, XVIII. 609; XVII. XXI. 783. the London of, xiv. 848; in relation 514.

SHEELIN, Lough, Ireland, xxiv. 512. to the Renaissance, xx. 393; his son III., of Persia, xvIII. 610.

SHEEMOGA, town, India, XXI. 803. nets, XXII. 262; the forgeries of Ire Shemuel, Talmudic writer, XXIII. SHEEP, XXI. 784; XV. 432; management land, XIII. 272; epitaph on, by Milton,

of, 1. 391; IV. 250; diseases of, xxiv. VIII. 495; monument of, at Stratford, SHARI, valley, Soudan, XXII. 277. 204, 205; liver-rot, XXIII. 539; pox, XXII. 590; bibliography, XXI. 768; | SHARJAH, district, Arabia, II. 254. XXIV. 204; milk of, xvi. 303; shearBoydell's illustrations of, iv. 182; | SHARK, fish, xxi. 774; basking, XXI. ing of, I. 396; skins of, for tanning, French renderings by Ducis, VII. 505; 608; Beaumaris, xix. 518; classifica XIV. 380, 388; wool, XXIV. 654; Johnson's edition of, XIII. 725; Milton tion of the group, XII. 685.

Dorset breed, VII. 371; Herdwick's, on, XVI. 326.

OIL, XVII. 747

VI. 698; South Downs, XXII. 725; SHAKHDARA, river, Central Asia, xvIII. SHARKS BAY, Western Australia, XXIV. merino, of Spain, XXII. 300; wild, 103. 507.

of India, XII. 742; wild, of Turkestan, SHAKI-SHAKI, town, Zanzibar, Africa, SHARON, town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., XXIII. 635. XXIV. 768.

SHEEP-DOGS, VII. 326. SHAKUDO, Japanese amalgam-work, SPRINGS, spa, New York, U.S.A., SHEEPSHEAD, fish, XXI. 785. XIII. 591.

XVI. 436.

SHEEP'S OIL, XVII. 744. SHAL, fish, xxII. 68.

SHARP, Abraham, English logarithmist, SHEERNESS, town, England, XXI. 785; SHALE, mineral, xvi. 424; X. 238;

XIV. 779.

dockyard, vii. 312, 318.

XXV. 51

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XXI. 779.

IV. 419.

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SHEFFIELD, town, England, xxl. 785. ShEol, in eschatology, viii. 536; XX. SHERRY WINE, xxiv. 607 ; XIII. 629; - John, duke of Buckinghamshire, 114.

adulteration of, 1. 173. SHEPHERD KINGS, of Egypt, vii. 735.

's HERTOGENBOSCH (Bois-le-Duc), SHEIKH-AL-JEBAL (Old Man of the SHEPHERD OF HERMAS, early Christian town, Holland, 111. 864. Mountains), chief of the Assassins, II. writing, 11. 180, 197; X. 815.

SHERWIN, John Keyse, English engraver 723.

SHEPHERD'S CALENDAR, Spenser's and painter, XXI. 802. SHEIKHIS, Mohammedan sect, XXII.

poem, XVIII. 345; XXII. 393.

SHERWOOD FOREST, England, XVII. 665.

SHEPHERD'S WEEK, Gay's pastoral, 599. SHEIKU 'L-ISLAM, head of the ulema,

XVIII. 347.

SHESHBAZZAR, Persian governor of or Moslem clergy, XXII. 661, 664; | SHEPPEY, Isle of, Kent, England, xiv. Jerusalem, XI. 371. XXIII. 654.

37.

SHESHKEEFF, town, Russia, xvIII. 515. SHEIL, Richard Lalor, Irish politician, SHEPTON MALLET, town, England, xxi. SHESHONK (Shishak), king of Egypt, XXI. 787. 795.

VII. 742. SHEKEL, ancient coin and weight, XXI. SHEPWAY, Cinque Port, England, Parlia SHETLAND, islands, Scotland, XVII. 788; XVII. 650; XXIV. 486. ment of, v. 787.

845. SHEKSNA, river, Russia, XXI. 116; XXIV. SHER ALI KHAN, ruler of Afghanistan, CATTLE, I. 389. 279.

I. 240, 241.

SHEVAGUNGA (Sivaganga), town, India, SHELBURNE, Earl of, English statesman, SHERBORNE, town, England, XXI. 795;

XV. 192. VIII. 358; XIV. 289; his relations with abbey church at, vii. 372; manor of, SHEVCHENKO, Taras, Russian poet, XXI. Pitt, XIX. 138.

XX. 263. SHELD-DRAKE, bird, xxi. 788. SHERBRO (Sherboro), island, Sierra SHEYKHI, of Kermiyan, Ottoman poet, SHELDONIAN COMPACT (1664), in Leone, West Africa, XXII. 44.

XXIII. 656. English history, VI. 327.

SHERBROOKE, town, Canada, xx. 167. SHIAHS, Moslem sect, XI. 509. See SHELDONIAN THEATRE, Oxford, xviii. SHERE, or Remedy, in coining, XVI. Shiites. 95.

482.

SHIAN, shah of Persia, xviii. 636. SHELDRAKE, bird, xxi. 788.

SHEREEF (Sherif), Mohammedan officer, SHIBRGHAN (Sapurgan), province, AfSHELL, of birds' eggs, III. 774.

XV. 672.

ghanistan, I. 243. projectile, XI. 304; for rifled guns, SHERIBON (Cheribon), town, Java, v. SHIELD, Ancient forms of, 11. 554: 1. 744. 585.

in heraldry, XI. 685, 694. SHELLEY, Mary Wollstonecraft, English SHERIDAN, Caroline Elizabeth (Mrs William, English musical comwoman of letters, XXI. 789; X. 717. Norton), XVII. 574.

poser, XXI. 802. -, Percy Bysshe, English poet, XXI. Frances, novelist and dramatist, OF Scipio, ancient plate, XIX. 789; as dramatist, vii. 439; his place XXI. 796.

181. in English literature, viii. 433; his Philip Henry, American general, SHIELDS, North, town, England, XXIII. place as poet, XIX. 268. XXIII. 780.

675. SHELLIF, river, Algeria, I. 563.

Richard Brinsley Butler, Irish South, town, England, xxi. 802. SHELL LAC, resin, XIV. 182.

dramatist and politician, XXI. 797;

SHIFTING PIECES, in mechanics, xv. SHELLS, of brachiopods, iv. 189; of mol VII. 438; his place in English litera 755. luscs, XVI. 635.

ture, VIII. 429, 431.

SHIGATZE, town, Tibet, XXIII. 340. SHELOMOH IBN GEBIROL (Avicebron), Thomas (1684-1738), Irish school SHIGHNAN, state, Central Asia, xvIII. Jewish philosopher, Ill. 152; II. 268; master and writer, XXI. 795.

104. VIII. 758; XXI. 426.

Thomas (1721-1788), Irish actor Shites, Moslem sect, XXII. 663; XVI. SHEM, of Scripture, XVII. 511, 523; XXI. and elocutionist, XXI. 796.

564, 568, 592; II. 722; XI. 509. 641.

SHERIF, Mohammedan officer, XV. 672. SHIKARPUR, district and town, India, Israel Baal, or Besht, founder of SHERIFF, law officer, XXI. 800; VI. 513. XXI. 803. Jewish sect, XIII. 681.

-, Laurence, founder of Rugby School, Shi KING, Chinese poems, VI. 263. SHEMAHA, or Shemakha, town, Trans England, xxi. 55.

SHIKOKU, island, Japan, XIII. 569. caucasia, Russia, XXI. 794; XXIII. 515. SHERIFF-CLERK, Scottish law officer, SHILKA, river, Siberia, I. 746; XXIII. SHEMARYAH, rabbi, Talmudist, XXIII. XXI. 801.

510. 39.

SHERIFF-DEPUTE, Scottish law officer, Shiloh, town, Palestine, XXI. 803. SHEMUEL, Talmudic writer, XXIII. 35. XXI. 801.

SHIMIYN, river, Africa, XVII. 505. SHENANDOAH, town, Pennsylvania, SHERIFFDOMS, Scottish, xxi. 483, 488, SHIMOGA, district, India, XXI. 803; U.S.A., XXI. 794. 535.

town, XXI. 803; XVII. 123. - VALLEY, U.S.A., Campaigns of, SHERIFFMUIR, Scotland, Battleof (1715), Shin, Loch, Scotland, XXII. 726. XXIII. 777, 779.

VII. 533; XXI. 526.

SHINA LANGUAGE, on upper Indus, X. SHENDAMANGALAM, town, India, XXI. SHERIFF-SUBSTITUTE, Scottish law 598.

officer, xxi. 801.

SHINANOGAWA, river, Japan, SHENDY, town, Soudan, Africa, XXI. SHERLOCK, Thomas, bishop of London,

572. 794.

XXI. 801.

SHINASI EFENDI, Ottoman writer, SHENE, or Richmond, England, Monas William, dean of St Paul's, xxi. XXIII. 657 tery of, 1. 21.

802.

Shin BONE, Anatomy of the, 1. 829. SHEN-SE, province, China, v. 637. SHERMAN, town, Texas, U.S.A., XXI. SHING CHOW (Nanking), ancient town, SHENSHAIS, Parsee sect, India, xvIII. 802.

China, XVII. 172. 326.

Roger, American politician, XXIII. SHING-KING, province, China, V. 641. SHENSTONE, William, English poet,

SHINGLE, in architecture, II. 473. XXI. 794; his place in English litera William Tecumseh, American MILLS, XXI. 346. ture, VIII. 429.

general, XXIII. 779.

SHINGLES, skin disease, XXII. 123.

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II. 319.

SHING-YANG (Moukden), town, Man- | Shoa, district, Abyssinia, 1. 64. SHREVEPORT, town, Louisiana, U.S.A., churia, xv. 466. SHOADING, in mines, XVI. 442.

XXI. 843. Shinto, Japanese religion, XIII. 581; | SHOCK, or Collapse, physical condition, SHREW, insectivorous mammal, xxi. XX. 363. XXII. 680.

843; XV. 403. SHIP, Ancient and mediæval, xxi. 804; Shocks, Effects of, on magnetization, SHREWSBURY, town, England, xxi. 845; Phænician, xvIII. 804. XV. 268.

battle of (1403), XI. 660; XVIII. 523. Ships, Modern, xxi. 809, 589; SHODDY, variety of cloth, I. 176; xxiv. Earls and Duke of, xxIII. 25. chains and anchors for, 11. 4; derelict, 661; factories, in England, viii. 233. SHRIKE, bird, XXI. 845. xxiv. 686; log for ascertaining speed SHODER, Goldbeater's, X. 753.

SHRIMP, crustacean, XXI. 846; fisheries, of, xiv. 769; XVII. 264; management SHOE-BILL, bird, xxII. 578.

X. 265. of, XXI. 589; quarantine of, xx. 153; SHOEBURYNESS, England, School of Opossum, crustacean, Vi. 658. registration of, xx. 343; resistance of

gunnery at, II. 586.

SHRINE, in architecture, II. 473. water to, XII. 518; sails, xxi. 153; | SHOEMAKER'S HOLIDAY, Dekker's play, SHROPSHIRE, county, England, xxi. salvage, XXI. 237; steam-engines for, VII. 37.

847. XXII. 517; unseaworthy, in law, XXI. SHOEMAKING, XXI. 830.

SHEEP, I. 392. 606; whaling vessels, XXIV. 526; wreck SHOEN (Schongauer), Martin, German SHROVE TUESDAY, XXI. 648. of, in law, xxiv. 686; yachts, XXIV. painter and engraver, XXI. 432; VIII. SHRUBS, Garden, XII. 260; culture of, 723.

441. SHIPBUILDING, XXI. 809. SHOES, Snow, XXII. 201.

Shu, Egyptian divinity, vol. 716. SHIP CANALS, IV. 787.

Horse, XXI. 831; XII. 195.

SHUBENACADIE, river, Nova Scotia, SHIP HARBOUR, lake, Nova Scotia, SHOGUN, Japanese ruler, XIII. 582. XVII. 601. XVII. 601.

SHOLAPUR, district and town, India, Shui, town, Lew-Chew Islands, North SHIPLEY, town, England, xxi. 826. XXI. 832.

Pacific, XIV. 490. William Davies, Erskine's defence SHOMER, Mountains of, Arabia, II. SHUISKI, Basil, Russian revolutionist, of, vill. 530. 239.

XXI. 95. SHIP-MONEY, tax, ix. 177; Hampden's Shooi (Skua), bird, XXII. 125.

SHUJA, shah of Afghanistan, XX. IU; resistance to, viII. 346. SHOOTING, for sporting purposes, XXI.

assassination of, 1. 240. SHIP OF FOOLES, Barclay's satire, i. 832; gun-sights for, XXII. 46.

SHULUH, race of people, Africa, I. 261. 368.

SHORE, Jane, mistress of Edward IV., SHUMADIA, district, Servia, XXI. 687. Ship of Fools, Brandt's satirical poem, XXI. 835.

SHUMLA, town, Bulgaria, XXI. 648. IV. 215; X. 527.

-John, inventor of tuning-fork, SHUMSHU, island, Kuriles, Asia, xiv. SHIPPEN, William, American surgeon, XXIII. 619.

160. XXII. 677.

SHORT, James, telescope-maker, xxIII. SHUN-CHE, emperor of China, v. 650. SHIPPING, British, XXI. 826; European, 137.

SHUSH, or Shushan (Susa), ancient VIII. 707; of United States, xxIII. SHORTEST WAY WITH DISSENTERS, town, Persia, XXII. 722; XXI. 849; II. 826; Lloyd's list of, Xiv. 741. Defoe's work, vil. 27.

400. SHIP-WORM, or Teredo, XXIII. 184. SHORTHAND, XXI. 836; for the blind, SHUSHA, town, Caucasus, Russia, xxi. SHIPWRECK, Life-saving apparatus for, III. 828; in ancient MSS., XVIII. 164. 648. XIV. 570; law relating to, xxiv. 686. SHORTHORN CATTLE, I. 388.

SHUSHAN (Susa), ancient town, Persia, The, poem by Falconer, IX. 4. SHORTREDE, Robert, Scottish logarith XXII. 722; XXI. 849; 11. 400. SHIRABAD, town, Central Asia, XII. 3. mist, XIV. 776; his tables, XXIII. 11. SHUSTAR, town, Persia, XXI. 849. SHIRAZ, town, Persia, XXI. 829; XVIII. SHORT-SIGHT, VIII. 820; XVI. 259; SHUTE, John, Viscount Barrington, III. 627, 628.

XVII. 785; spectacles for, XXII. 372. 393. SHIRE, or County, English administra- SHOSHONE, Lake, Yellowstone Park, SHUTTLE, for weaving, XXIV. 464; early tive division, VIII. 273. U.S.A., XXIV. 737.

Greek, xxIII. 206. SHIRÉ, river, East Central Africa, XXIV. FALLS, Snake River, U.S.A., XXIII. SHUWAS, people, Bornu, Central Africa, 765. 798.

IV. 61. SHIRKHIST, manna, XV. 493.

SHOSHONES, American Indians, XII. SHUYA, town, Russia, XXI. 849. SHIRLEY, town, England, xxi. 829. 827, 832.

SHWEDOUNG, town, Burmah, xix. 807. Charlotte Bronte's novel, iv. 365. SHOSHONG, town, Bechuanaland, South SHWE-GYENG, district and town, BurSir Anthony, English envoy to Africa, XXI. 842.

mah, xxi. 849. Persia, xvIII. 638.

Shot, military projectiles, l. 745; XI. SIAH-POSH, tribes, Kafiristan, Asia, James, English dramatist, XXI. 294, 304; sporting, XI. 280; XXI. 835. XIII. 821. 829; VII. 432; as pupil of Beaumont SHOTOVER Hill, Oxford, England, SIAK, residency, Sumatra, XXII. 639. and Fletcher, III. 474.

XVIII. 93.

SIALIDÆ, group of insects, XIII. 151. Robert, English envoy to Persia, SHOULDER-BLADE, Anatomy of the, 1. SIALKOT, district and town, India, xxi. XVIII. 638. 826.

850. William, colonial administrator, SHOULDER-GIRDLE, of mammals, xv. SIAM, kingdom, Eastern Asia, XXI. 850; Massachusetts, U.S.A., xv. 616. 358.

forests of, ix. 405; Pali language in, SHIRVAN, khanate, Transcaucasia, xxi. SHOULDER-JOINT, Anatomy of the, I. XVIII. 183; Shan language of, XXI. 794. 838.

774; weights and measures, XXIV. 490. Shirwa, Lake, Africa, I. 256.

SHOVEL,

Sir Cloudesley, English SIAMANG, ape, 11. 150.
SHISHAK, king of Egypt, vil. 742. admiral, xxi. 842.

SIAMESE LANGUAGE, XXI. 855.
SHISHAM, tree, xvIII. 71.
SHOVELER, bird, XXI. 842.

LITERATURE, XXI. 855.
SHITTAH, tree, 1. 68.
SHOWBREAD, Hebrew, XXI. 133.

TWINS, XVI. 765. SHIVA-KUL, lake, Central Asia, xviii. SHRAPNEL SHELL, in gunnery, I. 744; SIANTI (Ashantee, q.v.), country, West 104.

Africa, 11. 681.

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XXII. I.

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SIBBALD, Sir Robert, Scottish scientist, SICYON, town, Achaia, Greece, XXII. 31; SIEGE, Operations in a, ix. 455; artil

school of sculpture at, II. 349.

lery for, 11. 663; XI. 314. SIBENIK, town, Dalmatia, Austria, XXI. SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA (Buddha, q.v.), SIEGEN, town, Prussia, XXII. 37. 616. III. 375; IV. 426.

Ludwig, inventor of mezzotint SIBERIA, region, Asia, XXII. I; II. 687; Siddhi Kür, Calmuck collection of engraving, vill. 445. acquisition of, by Russia, XXI. 93; stories, IV. 710.

SIEGENITE, mineral, xvi. 391. Russian explorations in, X. 191; Friar Siddim, Vale of, Palestine, VII. 2. SIEGE OF RHODES, English opera, XVII. William's travels in, XXI. 47; birds of, SIDDONS, Sarah, English actress, XXII. 88. III. 756; forests, IX. 405; penal insti

32; XIV. 31.

SIEGFRED, English missionary in tutions, xix. 762; Tartar population, SIDE, town, Asia Minor, xvIII. 207. Sweden, XXII. 745. XXIII. 70. SIDEREAL MONTH, II. 774.

SIEGFRIED, hero of the Nibelungenlied, SIBERIAN BOIL-PLAGUE, cattle disease, SIDEREAL TIME, 11. 765; XXIII. 392. XVII. 475; X. 522, 524; XX. 657. XVII. 58.

SIDERITE, mineral, X. 228; XVI. 397. SIEMENS, Ernst Werner, inventor of SIBILLA, Monte della, mountain, Italy, SIDEROSCHISOLITE, mineral, xvi. 414. electric railway, XXIII. 437.

SIDEROSILICITE, mineral, XVI. 425. electrical experiments, VIII. 37. SIBOGA, town, Sumatra, XXII. 639. SIDEROSTATIC TELESCOPE, XXIII. 152. Sir William, inventor and natural SIBSAGAR, district and town, India, SIDE-Walks, of streets, XX. 588.

philosopher, XXII. 37; his gas-engine, XXII. 13.

SIDGWICK, Henry, on political economy, XXII. 526; his gas-producer, ix. 845; SIBsIB, ground squirrel, Morocco, XVI.

XXII. 182 ; his differential governor, 833.

SIDI-BEL-ABBÈS, town, Algeria, XXII. XXII. 508 ; his heat-regenerator, ix. SIBUYAN, island, Philippines, XVIII.

33.

846; on iron and steel, XIII. 282. 752.

Sidi ibn ISA, Shrine of, Kairwan, Tunis, SIEMENS-MARTIN PROCESS, of steelSibyl, of Greek and Roman legend, XIII. 824.

making, XIII. 347. XXII. 13.

Sidi MOHAMMED BEN ALI ES-SENUSI, SIEMENS PRECIPITATION PROCESS, of SIBYLLINE BOOKS, of ancient Rome, leader of Mohammedan fraternity in

steel-making, XIII. 337. XXII. 13.

Sahara, xxi. 151; XXIII. 575.

SIENA, town, Italy, XXII. 38; cathedral SIBYLLINE ORACLES, Greek poems, XI. SIDLAws, hills, Scotland, xviii. 666. pavement, III. 476; cathedral pulpit, 144.

SIDMOUTH, Viscount, English states XIX. 124; majolica ware, XIX. 628; SIBYLLINES, The, apocalyptic books, II. man, I. 145; VIII. 363.

school of painting, XXI. 433, 442 ; 177, 179.

SIDNACESTER (Newark), Saxon town, pictures in, XXI. 446; university, SICCA VENERIA (Keff), ancient town, England, XVII. 370.

XXIII. 837. Tunis, xiv. 27.

SIDNEY, town, Cape Breton, xvii. 603. St Catherine of, v. 229. SICELs, people, South Italy and Sicily, - Algernon, English statesman, XXII. SIERADZ, town, Russian Poland, xxII. XXII. 15. 33.

44. SICILIAN OIL, XVIII. 713.

Sir Henry, viceroy of Ireland, SIERPCE, town, Poland, XIX. 227. SICILIAN VESPERS, massacre of French XIII. 264; XXII. 35.

SIERRA, envelope of the sun, II. 788. in Sicily (1282), V. 423; XX. 798; Sir Philip, English statesman and LEONE, West Coast, Africa, XXII. XXII. 27. writer, XXII. 35; VIII. 417, 421; as

44; I. 269. SICILIES, Two, Kingdom of the, xin. pastoral poet, xvIII. 346; his relations NEVADA, mountains, United States,

478; XVII. 191; conquest of, by the with Spenser, XXII. 393; his death in iv. 697, 700; XVII. 367; XXIII. 799. Normans, XIII. 470; XVII. 191.

Holland, XII. 77.

SIERRAS, mountain chains, Spain, XXII. Sicily, island, Mediterranean, XXII. 14; SUSSEX COLLEGE, Cambridge, iv. 294. XIII. 440; XV. 820; part of kingdom 731.

SIETE PARTIDAS, Spanish code of laws, of the Two Sicilies, XIII. 471; XVII. Sidon, town, Phænicia, XXII. 35; XVIII. XXII. 318, 354. 191; under the Athenians, XI. 104; 804, 808; capture of, by Artaxerxes Sieyès, Emmanuel Joseph, French invaded by the Carthaginians, V. 161; III., XVIII. 580; coins of, xvII. 650. politician, XXII. 45; IX. 612; his relahistorical connexion of Malta with, SIDONIAN INSCRIPTIONS, XIII. 116. tions with Napoleon, XVII. 202. XV. 342; its connexion with Naples, SIDONIUS, C. Sollius Apollinaris, Chris- SIFAN, nomad tribes of Tibet, XXIII. XVII. 191; Norman settlement in, tian writer and bishop, II. 184.

344. XIII. 470; XVII. 548; its connexion with SIDRA (Hydra), island, Greece, XII. 430. SIFATITES, Moslem sect, XVI. 592. Phænicia, xvIII. 806; conquest of, by Bay of, Tripoli, North Africa, SIGALON, Xavier, French painter, XXII, Rome, xx. 747, 750; Spanish conXXIII. 575.

46. nexion, xxII. 322, 324, 327; ancient, RABBA, book of the Mandæans, SIGHING, abnormal form of respiration, coins of, xvII. 638; modern, coins of, XV. 468.

XX. 479. XVII. 657; dialect of, XIII. 494; plague SIDYMA, town, Asia Minor, XV. 94. SIGHT, Organ and sense of, viii. 816; I. in, xix. 166; sulphur mines, XXII. 634; SIEBENBÜRGEN, or Transylvania (2.v.), 885; defective, XVII. 784; loss of, ini. wine industry, xxiv. 610. Austria-Hungary, XXIII. 521.

826; short and long, viii. 820; XVII. Sick HEADACHE, XVII. 364.

SIEBOLD, Carl Theodor Ernst von, 785; organs of, in Amphibia, 1. 768; SICKINGEN, Franz von, German baron, German physiologist and zoologist, in birds, III. 725; in Crustacea, Vi. XXII. 31; XV. 78. XXII. 36.

637; in fishes, XII. 652; in mammals, SICKLE, reaping implement, XXI. Philipp Franz von, German ex XV. 367; in reptiles, XX. 461; III. 725. 574.

plorer of Japan, XXII. 36.

SIGHTS, Gun, XXII. 46. SICKNESS, Diet in, VII. 205.

SIÈCLE, Le, Paris newspaper, XVII. 426. SIGISMUND, emperor, XXII. 48; XII. 368; Siculi, people, South Italy and Sicily, SIEDLCE, government, Russian Poland, X. 495. XXII. 36; town, XXII. 37.

duke of Hapsburg, XXII. 786. Siculus, Diodorus, Greek historian, Sieg, river, Rhenish Prussia, xx.

I., king of Poland, xix. 290. 519.

II., of Poland, xix. 291.

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XXII. 15.

VII. 245

SIGISMUND III., of Poland, XIX. 294. Silica, oxide of silicon, XXII. 53; V. 522. SILVER, metal, XXII. 69; XVI. 382;

king of Sweden, XXII. 748. SILICATES, in chemistry, XXII. 53; XVI. as chemical element, v. 529; cyanide SIGLUS, ancient Persian coin, xvII. 659. 61.

of, xx. 23; adulteration of, l. 176; SIGMARINGEN, town, Prussia, XXII. 48. SILICEOUS SPRINGS, X. 271.

assay of, 11. 727; extraction of, from Hohenzollern-, German princely SILICISPONGIÆ, class of sponges, XXII. alloy with lead, xiv. 376; mines in house, XII. 52. 421.

Austria, III. 120; in Bolivia, IV. 13; in SIGMODON, genus of rodent mammals, SILICON, chemical element, v. 521; its Chili, v. 622 ; of Laureium, Greece, XVII. 6.

presence in steel, XIII. 283; as fuel, ix. III. 59; in Mexico, xvi. 216; xxiv. SIGNAKH, town, Transcaucasia, Russia, 809; as plant food, xix. 49.

761; in New South Wales, XVII. 409; XXIII. 514. SILICONEISEN, metal, XIII. 351.

of Nertchinsk, Siberia, XVII. 352; in SIGNALLING, XXIII. 112; heliographic, SILICON-MANGANEISEN, metal, XIII. United States, XXIII. 814; in Colorado, XI. 632. 352.

U.S.A., VI. 161; in Nevada, U.S.A., SIGNALS, as used in navy, XXII. 49; SILICO-SKELETA, subclass of Protozoa, XVII. 368; ores, XVI. 58; dressing of XVII. 277; flag, ix. 279; railway, xx. XIX. 849.

ores, XVI. 465; production, IV. 518; XVI. 238; in surveying, xxII. 698; time SILIQUA, form of fruit, iv. 152.

467, 728; production in England, determined by, XXIII. 395.

SILISTRIA, town, Bulgaria, XXII. 54. VIII. 229; in Peru, xvIII. 675; specSIGNATURES, Book, XXIII. 700; quire SiliuS ITALICUS, Latin epic poet, XXII. trum of, xxII. 376; wire, xxiv. 615. marks, xvIII. 144.

54; his place in Roman literature, XX. COINAGE, XVI. 482, 723; XXII. SIGNET, Writers to the, legal society, 726.

71; in relation to exchange, viii. 790; Scotland, XXI. 535; XXII. 251.

Silk, XXII. 56; ancient fabrics of, comparative value of silver and gold, LIBRARY, Edinburgh, xiv. 522. XXIII. 208 ; bleaching of, iii. 822; XVI. 731, 735; XXII. 73. RINGS, XX. 560.

fibre of, ix. 133; ailanthus, XIV. 216; SILVER-EYE, bird, xxiv. 824. SIGNORELLI, Luca, Italian painter, XXII. Chinese, v. 638, 639, 640; manufac- SILVER-Fir, tree, IX. 224. 50; XXI. 434, 442.

tures, England, viii. 232; production SILVER-Fish, insect, XIII. 154. SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC, XXIV. 791.

in France, ix. 520; XXI. 332; weaving SILVER GLANCE, mineral, XXII. 69. SIGOURNEY, Lydia Huntley, American of, in India, XII. 761; Indian, XII. SILVERING, coating with silver, XXII. poetess, 1. 731.

751; culture and manufacture, in 71; of mirrors, XVI. 501. SIGTUNA, ancient town, Sweden, XXII. Italy, XIII. 442, 453; XVI. 292; from SILVER INK, XIII. 81. 558.

spiders, II. 295.

SILVERIUS, pope, XXII. 74; XIX. 493. SIGURD, mythical hero, in Nibelungen HATS, XI. 519.

SILVER LACE, X. 753. lied, xvII. 474; XX. 657. SILK-Tail, bird, xxiv. 460.

Silver MINING, XVI. 470. the Stout, earl of Orkney and SILKWORM, IV. 596; XXII. 57; moth SILVER Pits, depressions in North Sea, Caithness, XIII. 254; XVII. 848. of, XIII. 151.

XVII. 563. son of Hakon, Norse earl, xvII. 585. Sill, in architecture, II. 473.

SILVER PLATE, XXII. 71; Roman, II. - JORSALAFARI, Norwegian king, Silla, Pico de la, mountain, Venezuela, 366; works in, xix. 178. XVII. 588, 848.

XXIV. 139.

SILVER REEF DISTRICT, Utah, U.S.A., SI-HAMED, Algerine chief, 1. 569. SILLEDA, town, Spain, XIX. 455.

XXIII. 815.
SIHANAKA, tribe, Madagascar, xv. 171. SILLERY, Marquis of, husband of SILVERSMITHS, Roman, II. 366.
SIHUN (Syr-Daria, q.v.), river, Asia, Madame de Genlis, X. 153.

SILVESTER I., pope, XXII. 74.
XXII. 818.

SILLIMAN, Benjamin (1779-1864), Amer II., pope, XXII. 74; XIX. 497; as river, Asia Minor, 11. 708; V. 777. ican chemist and geologist, XXII. 66. scholastic philosopher, XXI. 421. SIKANDAR, ruler of Kashmir, XIV. 13. Benjamin (1816-1885), American III., pope, XXII. 76; XIX. 498. S IKANS, or Sicani, people, South Italy chemist and physicist, XXII. 66. SILVIIDÆ, family of birds, xxiv. 366, and Sicily, XXII. 15. SILLIMANITE, mineral, xvi. 408.

553 SIKELS, or Siculi, people, South Italy SILLUSTANI, Peru, Stone circles at, 11. SIMANCAS, town, Spain, XXII. 76. and Sicily, XXII. 15.

451.

SIMBA, one of the Solomon Islands, SIKES'S HYDROMETER, XII. 540. Silo, pit for ensilage, XXII. 67.

South Pacific, XXII. 252. SIKHOTA-ALIN, mountains, Eastern SILOAM, Pool of, Jerusalem, XIII. SIMBIRSK, government, Russia, XXII. Siberia, xv. 548. 638.

76; town, XXII. 77.
SIKHS, people of India, XI. 844; XII. Silow, his experiments in magnetism, SIMEON, son of Jacob, XXII. 77.
746, 808; XX. 110.
XV. 268.

Israelitish tribe, XIII. 400.
Sikh WAR (1846), XIV. 371.
Silsilis, hills, Egypt, VII. 783.

grand-duke of Russia, XXI. 91. SIKKIM, or Sikim, state, India, XXII. 51; SILURES, ancient British people, xvI. -of Beth Arsham, Syriac writer, XI. 822; birds of, III. 761. 754.

XXII. 832. SIKUHA, town, Persia, xvIII. 627. SILURIAN Rocks, in geology, X. 331; of Durham, English historian, XXII. SILALAHI, lake, Sumatra, XXII. 638. XVII. 51.

811. SILBERMANN, family of organ-builders, SILURIDÆ, family of fishes, XXII. 67. BAR TABBAKHE, Syriac writer, XVII. 837.

Silva, Feliciano de, Spanish romancist, XXII. 844. Gottfried, his improvements on the XX. 655.

KARKHAYA, Syriac writer, XXII. pianoforte, xix. 71.

Jean Baptiste, French physician, 838. SILBURY Hill, artificial mound, Wilts, XX. 176.

KUKAYA, Syriac writer, XXII. 832. England, III. 144.

Ruy Gomez de, Spanish minister, SHANKELAWI, Syriac writer, XXII. SILENUS, in Greek mythology, XXII. 51. XVIII. 744.

852. SILESIA, district, Germany, XXII. 51. SILVÆ, Statius's poems, XXII. 467.

STYLITES, Syrian monk, XVI. 701; SILESIAN WARS, III. 127; IX. 585, 736; SILVANECTES (Senlis), Roman station, XXII. 830; temple of, 11. 132. X. 503; XX. 10.

France, xxi. 664.

SIMFEROPOL, or Sympheropol, town, SILIAN LAW, Roman, xx. 681,

SILVANUS, Italian divinity, XXII. 69. Russia, XXII. 77; VI. 586.

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