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SAUMAISE, Claude de (Salmasius), Dutch | SAVIA, Roman province, Pannonia, SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA, duchy, Gerscholar, XXI. 219; XVI. 332. XVIII. 213.

many, XXI. 347. SAUMAREZ, Baron de, English admiral, SAVIGLIANO, town, Italy, XXI. 325. SAXE-MEININGEN, duchy, Germany, XXI. 322.

SAVIGNY, Carl Friedrich von, Prussian XXI. 348. SAUMUR, town, France, XXI. 322. minister, XXI. 327.

SAXE-SAALFELD, duchy, Germany, XXI. WINE, Xxiv, 606.

Friedrich Carl von, historian of SAUNDERSON, Nicholas, English mathe Roman law, XXI. 326.

SAXE - WEIMAR - EISENACH, grandmatician, XXI. 323.

SAVILE, George, marquis of Halifax, XI. duchy, Germany, XXI. 349. SAURAS, tribe, India, xv. 185.

386.

SAXICOLA, genus of birds, XXIV. 536. SAURIANS, division of reptiles, XX. —Sir Henry, English scholar, xxi. SAXIFRAGE, plant, xxi. 350; XII. 251. 432.

327.

Saxo GRAMMATICUS, Danish historian SAURIN, Jacques, French preacher, XXI. SAVIN, plant, XIII. 774.

and poet, XXI. 350; his Chronicle, 1. 57. 323.

SAVINGS BANKS, XXI. 327; post-office, SAXON CHRONICLE, VIII. 406. SAUROGNATHOUS TYPE, of birds, ili. XIX. 572; in England and Wales, VIII. SAXONS, Teutonic people, XXI. 351; re716. 240, 256; at Paris, XVIII. 283.

lation of, to the Angles, II. 30; their SAUROIDS, group of Vertebrata, XXI. SAVOIE, department, France, XXI. 331. opposition to Charlemagne, v. 402; 323.

-Haute-, department, France, xxi. in England, VIII. 268, 270 ; first SAUROMATE, Sarmatians (4.v.), 332.

invasion of England by, XXII. 725; ancient people, XXI. 310, 78, 575, SAVONA, town, Italy, XXI. 333.

in Germany, X. 477; of Transylvania, 578.

SAVONAROLA, Girolamo, Italian Refor XXIII. 522; law of the, XXI. 215. SAUROPODA, order of fossil reptiles, XX. mer, XXI. 333; XIII. 481; in Florence, SAXON SWITZERLAND, XXI. 357. 443.

IX. 335; his influence on contemporary SAXONY, country, North Germany, XXI. SAUROPSIDA, group of Vertebrata, XXI. art, IV. 166; on Italian literature, 351; army of, II. 599; libraries, xiv. 323; XVIII. 43. XIII. 508.

527, 546; prison system, XIX. 760; SAUROPTERYGIA, group of fossil reptiles, SAVON DE VERRIER, mineral, XVI. schools for the blind, ini. 829. XIX. 220; XX. 444. 387.

North Mark of, division of ancient SAURURÆ, group of birds, III. 699; SAVORY, herb, XII. 289.

Prussia, xx. 2. XVIII. 34, 44.

SAVOY, departments of France, XXI. Prussian, province of Prussia, xxi. SAUSAGE, German Pea, preserved food, 331, 332; annexation of, ix. 624; XIII. 359. XIX. 707.

490.

SAXOPHONE, musical instrument, XVII. SAUSSURE, Horace Bénédict de, Swiss vegetable, XII. 287.

708. physicist, xxi. 323; XXII. 799; his Academy of, 1. 74.

SAY, town, on Niger, Africa, XVII. 497. electrical experiments, viii. 9; his House of, xxi. 339 (genealogical - Jean Baptiste, French political observations on glaciers, X. 629. table, 340); XIII. 483.

economist, XXI. 360; xix. 382. Nicolas de, Swiss agriculturist, CONFERENCE (1662), London, XIX. SAYES COURT, mansion, Deptford, EngXXI. 323. 690.

land, vil. 101. Nicolas Théodore de, Swiss PALACE, London, xiv. 838, 845. SAYLE, William, colonizer of South chemist, XXI. 324. SAW, tool, XXI. 343; XI. 437.

Carolina, U.S.A., XXII. 289. SAUSSURITE, mineral, xiii. 541; XVI. SAWAD, district, Mesopotamia, xvi. 51. SAYNITE, mineral, XVI. 391. 420.

SAWAHILI, people, East Africa, XVI. SAYYID AHMAD, Indian Wahhabi leader, SAUTERNE WINE, XXIV. 605.

697.

XI. 849. SAUTREY, William, Lollard martyr, SAWAII, island, South Pacific, XVII. SAYYID AHMAD KHAN BAHADUR, Urdu XIV. 81. 279.

writer, XI. 850. SAUVAGES, François Bossier de, French SAWAIORI, Polynesian race, XIX. 423. SAYYIDS, Indian race, XII. 746; XV. 185. physicist, xv. 815.

SAWAKIN (Suakim), port on Red Sea, | SBEITLA, town, Tunis, XXIII. 620. SAVA, St, archbishop of Servia, XXI. XX. 316; XXII. 615.

SCABIES, disease, XVIII. 270; XXII. 123. 689.

SAWANTWARI, state, India, XXI. 342. SCAGLIOLA, in plaster work, iv. 508. SAVAGE, Richard, English poet and SAWATCH MOUNTAINS, U.S.A., XXIII. SCALA, Della (Scaliger), ruling family adventurer, xxi. 324 ; his relations 796.

in Verona, xxiv. 173; tombs of the, with Dr Johnson, XIII. 722. SAW-Bill, bird, xvi. 35.

XXIV. 172; II. 456. SAVAGES, Bearing of international law SAW-Fish, XII. 686; XX. 299.

Nova, town, Asia Minor, XXI. on, XIII. 196.

Saw-FLY, XXI. 343; XII. 576; as wheat 361. SAVALAN, Mount, Persia, xvIII. 619. pest, XXIV. 536.

SCALE, of maps, XXII. 708; XV. 522. SAVANNAH, town, Georgia, U.S.A., XXI. Saw-Mills, XXI. 344.

surveying instrument, XXII. 720. 324; river, X. 434. Saws, tools, XXI. 343; XI. 437.

INSECTS, XIII. 153. SAVARS, people, India, V. 243.

SAWTREY, John, English martyr, xx. SCALES, of animals, XXII. 107; of fishes, SAVART, Félix, his acoustic apparatus, 322.

XII. 639; of mammals, xv. 348; of 1. 108.

SAWUNTWARRIE, state, India, XXI. 342. reptiles, XX. 446. SAVARY, Anne Jean Marie Réné, French SAWYER-WORK, for building, iv. 476. Musical, xvII. 80.

general and diplomatist, XXI. 325. Sax, Charles Joseph, musical instrument Thermometric, XXIII. 288; graduaSAVARY'S HELIOMETER, XVI. 249. maker, xvII. 98.

tion of, XI. 27. SAVELLI, Luca, Roman senator, xx. SAXE, John Godfrey, American poet, 1. SCALIGER, Della Scala, family, 795. 722.

Verona, Italy, xxiv. 173. See Scala. SAVERNAKE FOREST, Wilts, England, Maurice, Comte de, French mar Joseph Justus, Italian scholar, XXIV. 594. shal, xxi. 346; 1X. 586.

XXI. 362; ana of, 1. 784. SAVERY, Thomas, inventor of a steam SAXE-ALTENBURG, duchy, Germany, Julius Cæsar, Italian philosopher, pumping engine, XXII. 473. XXI. 347

XXI. 361.

or

XXI. 393

SCALING, William, on the cultivation of SCARUS, genus of fishes, XVIII. 324. SCHEFER, Leopold, German poet, X. willows, III. 422. Scat, udal tribute, XXIII. 716.

546. SCALLOWAY, town, Shetland, Scotland, SCATARI, island, Nova Scotia, XVII. SCHEFFER, Ary, Dutch painter, XXI. XVII. 848. 601.

388. SCAMANDER, river, Asia Minor, II. 707; SCAUP, or Scaup-Duck, bird, xxi. 378; SCHEFFLER, Johann (Angelus), German XXIII. 578. XIX. 252.

poet and hymn-writer, II. 28; XII. 587; SCAMELL, bird, x. 720. SCAVENGER'S DAUGHTER, instrument

XVII. 135. SCAMMONY, drug, XXI. 365.

of torture, XXIII. 465.

SCHEIBLER, Johann Heinrich, on acousSCANDERBEG (George Castriota), Al- SCAW, cape, Denmark, vii. 80.

tics, XXIII. 619. banian prince, XXI. 365; I. 225, 447; SCAWFELL, mountain, England, vi. 697. SCHEINER, Christoph, on sun-spots, II. XXIII. 642.

SCEAUX, Court of, Madame Delaunay's 785. SCANDEROON, town, Asia Minor, XXI. account of, XXII. 439.

SCHELDT, or Schelde, river, France, 366; V. 777. SCENTS, or Perfumes, XVIII. 525.

Belgium, and Holland, xxi. 389; III. SCANDINAVIA, XXI. 366; union under SCEPTICISM, in philosophy, XXI. 378. 515. one crown (1397), XXII. 746; anti- | SCEPTRE, symbol of authority, XXI.

SCHELLING, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph quities of, 11. 341; ancient armour, II. 384.

von, German philosopher, XXI. 389; 555; mythology, I. 209; XVII. 155. SCHACH DAGH, mountain, Caucasus, v. on the beautiful, 1. 217; on evolution, SCANDINAVIAN ALPHABETIC CHAR

254.

VIII. 762 ; his influence on German ACTERS, I. 612.

SCHACK-STAFFELDT, Adolph, Danish rationalism, XX. 290; influence of his SCANDINAVIAN LANGUAGES, XXI. 366; writer, VII. 92.

philosophy on Hegel, XI. 614; his dictionaries of, vii. 186.

SCHADOW, Friedrich Wilhelm, German metaphysics, xvi. 87; on theosophic SCANDIUM, Spectrum of, xxII. 377. painter, XXI. 385.

speculation, XXIII. 279. SCAPHOPODA, class of Mollusca, XVI. Johann Gottfried, German sculp- SCHELLY, fish, XIX. 650; XXI. 223. 663.

tor, XXI. 385.

SCHEMNITZ, town, Hungary, XXI. 393. SCAPOLITE, mineral, XVI. 412.

Rudolph, German sculptor, xxi. SCHENECTADY, town, New York, U.S.A., SCAPULA, Anatomy of the, 1. 826.

385. SCAPULIMANCY, method of divination, SCHAFARIK, Paul Joseph, Hungarian SCHENKEL, Lambert, on mnemonics, VII. 293; XV. 206. writer, XXI. 386, 108; on the Slavs,

XVI. 532. SCARAB, gem, x. 136; Etruscan, viii.

XXII. 145.

SCHETKY, John Alexander, Scottish 640.

SCHAFBERG, mountain, Austria, XXI. painter, XXI. 393. SCARABÆIDA, group of insects, xxiv. 241.

John Christian, Scottish painter, 238. SCHAFFHAUSEN, canton, Switzerland,

&c., XXI. 393. SCARBOROUGH, town, England, XXI. XXI. 386.

SCHEUTZ, George and Edward, their 374.

town, XXI. 387; XXII. 789; falls calculating machine, iv. 655. town, Tobago, West Indies, XXIII. of the Rhine near, XX. 519; XXII. SCHEVENINGEN, town, Holland, XXI. 427. 777

394. SCARBROITE, mineral, xvi. 424. SCHÄFFLE, Albert, German economist, SCHIAVONE, Andrea, Italian painter, SCARCIES, rivers, Sierra Leone, XXII. 45. XIX. 393.

XX. 609. SCARDUS, Mount, Thrace, III. 282; xv. SCHÄFFLERTANZ, popular festival at SCHIAVONETTI, Luigi, Italian engraver, 136. Munich, Bavaria, XVII. 26.

XXI. 394. SCARICHTHYS, genus of fishes, XVIII. SCHALCKEN, Godfried, Dutch painter, SCHIEDAM, town, Holland, xxi. 394. 324. XXI. 387.

variety of gin, x. 602. SCARIFIER, agricultural implement, I. SCHALMEY, musical instrument, XVII. SCHIEFFNER, Franz Anton, Russian 312. 706.

philologist, XXI. 394. SCARLATINA, disease, xxi. 376; XVIII. SCHAMYL, Peter, Caucasian hero, XXI. SCHIEHALLION, mountain, Scotland, 404.

387, 102; his resistance to the Russians, XVIII. 666. SCARLATTI, Alessandro, Italian musical V. 258.

SCHIEL, fish, XIX. 89. composer, XXI. 375; XVII. 87.

SCHANDAU, town, Saxony, XXI. 387. SCHILLER, Johann Christoph Friedrich, Domenico, Italian musical com SCHARNHORST, Gerhard Johann David German dramatist and poet, XXI. 395; poser, XXI. 376; XVII. 95.

von, Prussian general, XXI. 387. on the philosophy of art, 1. 220; his SCARLET, Pigments of, xix. 87; dyes, SCHARNITZ, Tyrol, stormed by Ney Spieltrieb theory, ix. 199; his influ

(1805), III. 132.

ence on German drama, vii. 442; on FEVER, disease, XXI. 376; XVIII. SCHÄSSBURG, town, Transylvania, Hun German literature, x. 538; his rela404. gary, XXI. 387.

tions with Goethe, x. 731. RUNNER, bean, XII. 283.

SCHATTENBURG (Feldkirch), town, SCHILLER-SPAR, mineral, xvi. 415. SCARP, in fortification, ix. 422.

Austria, IX. 65.

SCHINKEL,

Karl Friedrich, German SCARPA, Antonio, anatomist, 1. 816. SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE, state, Germany, architect and painter, XXI. 398. SCARPANTO (Carpathus), island, Medi XIV. 683.

SCHINUS, genus of trees, XVIII. 519. terranean Sea, v. 127.

SCHEELE, Karl Wilhelm, Swedish SCHINZNACH, spa, Switzerland, XVI. SCARPELLINO, workman for sculptor, chemist, XXI. 387; V. 462; XXII. 755; 435. XXI. 571. on photography, xvIII. 821.

SCHIRMER, Friedrich Wilhelm, German SCARRON, Madame (Madame de Main SCHEELE'S GREEN, pigment, xix. 88. painter, XXI. 398. tenon, q.v.), XV. 304; IX. 578; XXI. 378. SCHEELITE, mineral, xvi. 403; XXIII. Johann Wilhelm, German painter, Paul, French dramatist, XXI. 378. 607.

XXI. 398. SCAR-TISSUE, XVIII. 366.

SCHEEMAKERS, Pieter, sculptor, XXI. SCHIRMERITE, mineral, XVI. 394. SCARUFFI, Count Gasparo, Italian eco 560.

SCHISM, The Great Papal, XIX. 502. nomist, XIX. 356.

SCHEERERITE, mineral, xvi. 429. SCHISTOS, variety of alum, 1. 644.

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SCHISTOSE Rocks, in geology, X. 235. SCHLÜTER, Andreas, German sculptor, | SCHÖNEBERG, suburb of Berlin, Prussia, SCHIZOMYCETES, group of minute organ XXI. 566.

isms, XXI. 398; ix. 836; their rela- SCHLYTER, Karl Johan, on the Wisby SCHÖNEMANN, Lili, friend of Goethe, tions to Fungi, XXIV. 128.

sea laws, XXI. 585. SCHIZONEMERTEA, suborder of nemer SCHMALKALD, League of (1531), V. 415; SCHÖNER, Johann, his globe, x. 681. tine worms, XVII. 326, 330.

X. 498; XV. 83; XX. 333.

SCHONGAUER, Martin, German painter SCHIZORRHIS, genus of birds, xxIII. SCHMALKALDEN, or Schmalkald, town, and engraver, XXI. 432; VIII. 441. 487.

Prussia, XXI. 416.

SCHÖNING, Gerhard, Norse historian, SCHLÄGER, German sword, xxII. 803. SCHMALZ, Theodor, German economist,

XVII. 590. SCHLAGINTWEIT-SAKÜNLÜNSKI, Her XIX. 363.

SCHÖNKOPF, Kätchen, friend of Goethe, mann von, German explorer, XXI. 408. SCHMALZÖL, rape oil, xx. 274.

X. 723. SCHLANGENBAD, spa, Germany, XXI. SCHMEISSER'S FORMULÆ, in spherical SCHÖNLEIN, Johann Lucas, German 460; XVI. 433. trigonometry, XXIII. 567.

physician, xv. 817. SCHLAWA SEE, lake, Prussian Silesia, SCHMIDT, Franz Max, Friar School BOARDS, English and Scottish, XXII. 52. William's travels, XXI. 47.

VII. 68o. SCHLEGEL, August Wilhelm von, Ger Friedrich, German architect, XXIV. SCHOOLCRAFT, Henry Rowe, American man poet, XXI. 408, 409; X. 542; his

ethnologist, XXI. 432. relations with Schelling, XXI. 390. SCHMITT, Polish historian, XIX. 305. SCHOOL FOR SCANDAL, Sheridan's play,

Hermann, on birds, XVIII. 14, 17; SCHMOLKE, Benjamin, German hymn XXI. 798. on reptiles, XX. 440.

writer, XII. 587.

SCHOOLMEN, Medieval, XXI. 417. See Johann Adolph, German preacher, SCHMÖLLN, town, Germany, XXI. 347. Scholasticism. XXI. 408.

SCHNEBELHORN, mountain, Zurich, Schools, VII. 670; endowed, XXI. 432; Johann Elias, German dramatist, Switzerland, xxiv. 830.

for the blind, 111. 816, 826; for the deaf XXI. 408.

SCHNEEBERG, mountain, Moravia, XVI. and dumb, 11. 722; VII. 5; Acts relating Johann Heinrich, German writer 810.

to, viii. 205; kindergarten, xiv. 79; on Danish history, XXI. 408.

town, Saxony, XXI. 357; bismuth musical conservatories, VI. 291; XVII. Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von, Ger smelting at, III. 791.

83; public, law relating to, viI. 679; man historian of literature, XXI. 408; SCHNEEBERGITE, mineral, XVI. 428. reformatory and industrial, xx. 338; X. 542.

SCHNEEKOPF, mountain, Germany, XXI. technical, xxIII. 105; in the Middle SCHLEGLERKRIEG, contest in Würtem 347; XXIII. 332.

Ages, XXIII. 831; in France, ix. 513; berg (1367), XXII. 729.

SCHNEEKOPPE, or Riesenkoppe, moun in Germany, x. 470; in London, xiv. SCHLEI, inlet, Prussia, XXI. 413.

tain, Germany, X. 449; XX. 552. 834; in Prussia, xx. 17; in Russia, SCHLEICHER, August, German philolo- SCHNEIDEMÜHL, town, Prussia, xxi. XXI. 71; in United States, XXIII. 828. gist, XXI. 409; XVIII. 782.

416.

SCHOOL SOCIETY, British and Foreign, SCHLEIDEN, Matthias, German botanist, SCHNEIDER, Johannes (Agricola), Ger its origin, XIV. 258. XXI. 409; on protoplasm, XIX. 828. man Reformer, I. 290; II. 129.

SCHOOLS OF PAINTING, XXI. 433 (with SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich Daniel | SCHNEIDERITE, mineral, xvi. 382. list of painters, 442). Ernst, German theologian, XXI. 409; SCHNITTER, Johannes (Agricola), Ger- SCHOPENHAUER, Adele, German X. 543; his influence on Baur, 111. 448; man Reformer, I. 290; 11. 129.

authoress, XXI. 453. influence on Neander, XVII. 304; on SCHNORR VON KAROLSFELD, Julius, Arthur, German philosopher, XXI. German rationalism, XX. 290; his German painter, xxi. 416.

448; X. 544; his ethics and pessilectures on the life of Jesus, XIII. 672. SCHOEFFER, Johan, early German mism, xvIII. 688 ; on evolution, vili. SCHLEMIHL, Peter, by Chamisso, V. 384. printer, XXIII. 688.

763 SCHLESIEN (Silesia, 4.v.), district, Ger Peter, early German printer, -Johanna, German authoress, XXI. many, XXII. 51.

XXIII. 687; on early printing, XXIII. 453. SCHLESWIG, Invasion of, by Austria 681, 684, 687.

SCHORHAM'S PSALTER, VIII. 383. (1864), III. 139; relations with Den- | SCHOLÆ MILITUM, Roman, XX. 784. SCHORITZ, town, Rügen, Prussia, XXI. mark, vii. 88.

SCHOLARIUS, Georgius (Gennadius), 57. town, Prussia, XXI. 413. learned Byzantine, X. 153.

SCHORLOMITE, mineral, XVI. 426. SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, province, Prus- SCHOLASTICISM, in philosophy, xxi. SCHOTT, Caspar, his aeronautic theory, sia, XXI. 414; XX. 14, 16; the Schles

417; 1. 35; dogmatic, VII. 340; logic of, I. 186. wig-Holstein question, X. 507, 509, XIV. 791; theology of, xxIII. 241; of SCHOUW, Joachim Frederik, Danish 510.

Aquinas, II. 231; of Duns Scotus, vii. botanist, vii. 93. SCHLETTSTADT, town, German Alsace, 545; Ramus's opposition to, XX. 268; SCHRÖCKH, Johann Matthias, on church XXI. 416. Suarez's teaching, XXII. 615.

history, v. 765. SCHLIEMANN, Heinrich, his explorations SCHOLEMASTER, The, Ascham's work, SCHRÖDER, Hugo, his telescopic glasses, at Mycenæ, XVII. 115; at Tiryns, II. 678.

XXIII. 141, 144. XXIII. 408; in the Troad, II. 341; SCHOLIUM, Newton's, a fourth law of SCHROETER, Christoph Gottlieb, his XXIII. 581. motion, xv. 715.

pianoforte improvements, XIX. 71. SCHLOSSER, Johann Georg, friend of SCHOMBERG, Frederick Armand, duke SCHRÖTER, Johann Hieronymus, GerGoethe, X. 722. of, English general, XXI. 431.

man astronomer, xxi. 458; on the SCHLÖZER, August Ludwig yon, German SCHÖNBEIN, Christian Friedrich, Swiss planet Venus, 11. 791; his observatory, historian, XXI. 416. chemist, XXI. 432.

Lilienthal, Bremen, XVII. 713. Christian von, German economist, SCHÖNBRUNN, Austria, Treaty of (1809), SCHUBART, Daniel, German writer, X. XIX. 388. XVII. 215.

540. SCHLÜSSELBURG, town, Russia, XIV. 199; SCHÖNEBECK, town, Prussia, XXI. SCHUBERT, Franz Peter, musical comXXI. 190. 432.

poser, XXI. 458.

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SCHUDY, or Tschudi, Swiss family, | SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN, prin SCINDHIA (Sindhia), native prince, India XXIII. 600. cipality, Germany, XXI. 461.

XII. 804; XXIV. 494. Giles, Swiss historian, xxIII. 600. SCHWARZENBERG, Prince of, Austrian Scio, island, Asia Minor, XXI. 465. SCHUHMEISTER, J., his experiments in field - marshal, XXI. 462 ; XVII. SCIOPPIUS, Gaspar, critic, XXI. 364. magnetism, XV. 267, 268.

SCIOPTICON LANTERN, XV. 212. SCHULPFORTA,

school, Naumburg, SCHWARZWALD, Black Forest, Scioto, river, Ohio, U.S.A., XVII. 734. Germany, XVII. 249.

Germany, III. 795; XXIV, 699. Scipio, Lucius, Roman consul, XXI. 467. SCHULTE, Johann Friedrich, Old Catholic SCHWATKA, Lieutenant, Arctic explorer, Publius Cornelius, Roman general, leader, XVII. 755. XIX. 325.

XXI. 466. SCHULTENS, Albert, Dutch Orientalist, SCHWEGLER, Albert, German philoso Quintus Cæcilius Metellus Pius, XXI. 458; XI. 601. phical writer, XXI. 462.

Roman general, XVI. 106. Henry Albert, Dutch Orientalist, SCHWEIDNITZ, town, Prussia, XXI. Shield of, Roman plate , of 4th XXI. 459. 462.

century, xix. 181. John James, Dutch Orientalist, SCHWEIGAARD, Anton Martin, Norwe AFRICANUS, the Elder, Roman gian jurist, XVII. 592.

general, XXI. 467; XX. 750; his reSCHULTZ, Michael, German musician, SCHWEINFURT, town, Bavaria, XXI. lations with Polybius, XIX. 412. XIX. 656. 462.

AFRICANUS, the Younger, XXI. SCHULTZE, Max Johann Siegmund, GREEN, pigment, xix. 88.

468; XIII. 766; in Spain, XXII. 306. German anatomist, XXI. 459; on pro- SCHWEINFURTH, Georg, on the Negro NASICA, Roman pontifex, XXI. toplasm, XIX. 829.

race, XVII. 318; his researches in 468. SCHULZE-DELITZSCH, Hermann, his Africa, I. 248.

Scipios, Inscriptions on monuments of credit banks, VI. 214, 339.

SCHWEITZER (Helvetius), family of the, XIV. 329.
SCHUMACHER,
Heinrich Christian, Dutch physicians, XI. 642.

SCIRE FACIAS, in English law, XXI.
German astronomer, XXI. 459. SCHWELM, town, Prussia, XXI. 463. 468.
SCHUMANN, Robert, German musical SCHWENCKFELD, Caspar, on birds, XVIII. SCIRON, of Greek legend, XIX. 559;
composer, XXI. 459; as symphonist, 4.

XXIII. 294. XVII. 97.

SCHWENDENER, Simon, on lichens, XIV. SCIRTOPODA, order of Rotifera, XXI. 8. SCHUPP, Balthasar, German writer, x. 556.

SCISSORBILL, bird, XXII. 120. 531.

SCHWENKFELD, Caspar, German mystic, SCIURIDÆ, family of rodent mammals, SCHÜRMAN, Anna Maria von, Labadist, XXI. 463; XVII. 134.

XV. 418; XXII. 437. XIV. 163.

SCHWERIN, town, Mecklenburg, Ger- SCIUROPTERUS, genus of rodent mamSCHÜTZ, Heinrich, German musician, many, XXI. 464.

mals, XXII. 438. XVII. 87.

SCHWIND, Moritz von, German painter, Sciurus, genus of rodent mammals, SCHUYLER, Philip, American revolu XXI. 464.

XXII. 437; XV. 418. tionary general, xxIII. 790.

Schwyz, canton, Switzerland, xxi. 464; SCLATER, Philip Lutley, on birds, SCHUYLKILL, river, Pennsylvania, XXII. 781; town, XXI. 465.

XVIII. 12, 27, 41. U.S.A., XVIII. 500, 736.

SCIACCA, town, Sicily, XXI. 465. SCLERENCHYMA, hardened plant cells, SCHWABE, Samuel Heinrich, German SCIÆNIDÆ, family of fishes, XXIV. astronomer, XXI. 460.

738.

SCLEROBLASTS, of sponges, XXII. 420. SCHWABENSPIEGEL, German law code, SCIALOJA, Antonio, Italian economist, SCLEROTIA, tuberous bodies in Fungi,

xix. 387.

IX. 828. SCHWÄBISCHER STÄDTEBUND (1376), SCIATICA, disease, XVII. 364.

SCLEROTIC ACID, in ergot, VIII. 521. XXII. 729.

SCIENCE, SCIENCES, Xxiv. 799; biolo- SCLEROTIC COAT, of the eyeball, 1. SCHWACH, Conrad Nicolai, Norwegian gical, 111. 679; mathematical, xv. 629; 886. poet, XVII. 590.

physical, xix. 1; relations of, to art, SCLEROTITIS, eye disease, XVII. 782. SCHWALBACH, spa, Germany, XXI. 460; II. 637; to logic, XIV. 781; to meta- SCODRA (Scutari), town, Albania, XXI.

physics, XVI. 8o; to philosophy, XVIII. 573. SCHWALENBERG, Counts of, German 792; to theism, xxIII. 249; influence SCOGLIO OLIVI, island, Austria, XIX. family, XXIV. 322.

of Christianity on, v. 698; delusions 284. SCHWANN, Theodor, German physio of, in early times, I. 462; in relation SCOLARI, Paulino (Pope Clement III.),

logist, XXI. 460; his cell theory, xxiv. to the Renaissance, xx. 383, 386; V. 821. 816; on embryology, VIII. 166; on Bacon's views of, III. 214; academies SCOLASTICA, St, sister of St Benedict, fermentation, IX. 95 ; on minute

of, 1. 70; scientific societies, XXII. 221, III. 558. organisms, XXI. 400.

222; XIV. 835.

SCOLECITE, mineral, XVI. 423. SCHWANTHALER, Ludwig Michael, OF LEGISLATION, Filangieri's, IX. SCOLOPAX, genus of birds, xx. 317; German sculptor, XXI. 460, 566. 159.

XXII. 200; XXIV. 650. SCHWARTZ, Christian Friedrich, German SCIENCES, Whewell's Philosophy of the, SCOLOPENDRA, genus of Myriapoda, missionary, XXI. 461. XXIV. 539.

XVII. 119. SCHWARTZEMBERGITE, mineral, XVI. SCIENZA NUOVA, Vico's work, xxiv. SCOLOPENDRELLA, genus of Myriapoda, 385.

XVII. 120. SCHWARTZERD, Philip (Melanchthon, SCILLA, genus of plants, XXII. 437. SCOLOTI (Scythians), ancient people,

q.v.), German Reformer, xv. 833. SCILLIN, SCILLIPRIN, SCILLITOXIN, SCHWARZ, Schwartz, Christian principles in squill, XXII. 437.

SCOMBER, genus of fishes, XV. 159. Friedrich, German missionary, XXI. SCILLY ISLES, England, XXI. 465. SCONE, ancient town, Scotland, XVIII. 461. SCIMITAR, weapon, XXII. 801.

667; XXI. 477, 480. SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT, princi- SCINDE, or Sind (q.v.), province, India, SCOOPER, bird, xxII. 552. pality, Germany, XXI. 461. XXII. 90.

SCOPAS, Greek sculptor, 11. 360.

XII. 15.

X. 525.

XVI. 434.

212.

XXI. 575.

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SCOPASIS, Scythian sovereign, XXI. 576. system, vii. 680; universities, XXIII. SCRIBONIUS CURIO, constructor of first SCOPIA, town, Macedonia, XV. 137. 854.

amphitheatre, 1. 774. SCOPOLI, Giovanni Antonio, on birds, SCOTLAND, Church of, xxi. 536; XXIII. SCRIPTORIS, Paulus, tutor of Conrad XVIII. 7.

727; Moderatism in, xx. 599; Chal Pellicanus, XVIII. 477. SCOPs, genus of birds, XVIII. 91.

mers's relations to, v. 376.

SCRIPTURE, see Bible ; inspiration of, SCOPUS, genus of birds, XXII. 577.

Literature of, xxi. 540.

XIII. 154. SCORBUTUS, or Scurvy (2.v.), disease, YARD, police headquarters, London, SCRIVENER, Frederick Henry, on Codex XXI. 572. XIX. 338.

Bezæ, 1. 123. SCORESBY, William, English Arctic SCOTOPHILUS, genus of bats, XV. 411. SCRIVENER'S PALSY, disease, Vi. 543.

explorer and physicist, XXI. 468; XIX. Scots, their origin, XXI. 473; XIII. 244; SCROFULA, disease, XXI. 554; XVIII. 405. 318.

invasion of Roman province of Britain SCROGGS, John, Arctic explorer, XIX. SCORODITE, mineral, XVI. 405. by, IV. 353; VIII. 265.

318. SCORONCONCOLO, Italian desperado, xv. SCOTSMAN, Edinburgh newspaper, XVII. SCROPHULARIACEÆ, group of parasitic 789. 423.

plants, XVIII. 265. SCORPION, arachnid, 11. 283.

Scott, Alexander, early Scottish poet, SCRUB-BIRD, XXI. 554. SCORPION-FLY, insect, XIII. 151.

XXI. 542.

SCUDÉRY, Georges de, French writer, SCORPION-GRASS, plant, IX. 414.

David, Scottish painter, XXI. 543. XXI. 555. SCORPIONIDEA, order of Arachnida, II. Sir George Gilbert, English archi Madeleine de, French novelist, 281. tect, XXI. 543.

XXI. 555; IX. 659; XX. 659. SCORZONERA, vegetable, XII. 287.

John (Lord Eldon), lord chancellor SCUIR-NA-GILLEAN, mountain, Skye, Scot, Michael, Scottish philosopher and of England, vii. 828.

Scotland, XXII. 127. astrologer, XXI. 469, 427; translator or Scot, Michael, mediæval philo- SCULLS, oars, XXI. 30. of Arabic works, 11. 270; on physio sopher, XXI. 469, 427; II. 270; XIX. 4. SCULPTURE, XXI. 556; as a fine art, 1x. gnomy, XIX. 4.

Sir Walter, Scottish poet and 204; as illustrated on coins, xvII. Reginald, English writer on novelist, XXI. 544; his place in Eng 629, 633; in relation to poetry, xix. witchcraft, XXI. 470.

lish literature, VIII. 433, 434; his 262; Pindar's recognition of, xix. SCOTCH PEBBLE, I. 277.

home at Abbotsford, 1. 26; Lockhart's 101; in terra-cotta, XXIII. 193, 194; SCOTER, bird, XXI. 470.

Life of, xiv. 763.

in wall decoration, XVII. 34; in wood, Scotia, or Scotland (2.v.), XXI. 477.

William (Lord Stowell), English xxiv. 645; Assyrian, III. 190; Greek, in architecture, II. 472. judge, XXII. 580.

II. 347; examples by Lysippus, xv. SCOTICHRONICON, Fordun and Bower's, Winfield, American general, XXI. 120; Michelangelo's, XVI. 230; IX. 397; XXI. 540. 551; XXIII. 767, 770.

Raphael's, xx. 281 ; on rocks, in SCOTISM, scholastic philosophical system, Mount, Oregon, U.S.A., XVII. 822. Phrygia, XVIII. 850; at Selinus, XXI. 429; VII. 545.

SCOTTISH CHIEFS, Miss Porter's work, Sicily, XXI. 633; Venetian, xxiv. SCOTLAND, XXI. 471 (index, 536);

156; Veronese, XXIV. 172; academies invasion of, by William I. of Eng- SCOTTISH EPISCOPAL CHURCH, its lit of, 1. 78; Watt's inventions for copyland, xxiv. 576; by William II., urgy, XIV. 711.

ing, XXIV. 414. XXIV. 577; Norman settlement in, SCOTTISH GUARD, in France, under SCUMBLING, in painting, XVIII. 138. XVII. 550; rebellion of 1745, V. 426; Charles VII., IX. 551.

SCUPI, town, Macedonia, xv. 137. Reformation in, XX. 337 ; Stuart Scottish LITERATURE, XXI. 540. SCURVY, disease, xxi. 572; XVIII. 377; family, XXII. 610; union of crown SCOTUS, Johannes (Erigena), mediæval diet for, vil. 207. with the crown of England (1603), philosopher, Vill. 371, 522.

SCUTAGE, knight service, in law, xxi. XXI. 509; parliamentary union with -John Duns, scholastic philosopher, 572; as military tax, I. 32. England (1707), VIII. 353; XVIII. 308; VII. 545; XXI. 429; on evolution, viii. SCUTARI, town, Albania, xxi. 573; I. XXI. 518; in time of Cromwell, Vi. 758.

448. 601; under Edward I. of England, SCOURGING, as a religious discipline, ix. , province, Turkey in Europe, VII. 683; in time of Robert the Bruce, 280.

XXIII. 653. XX. 592; Wallace's exploits in, xxiv. Scout, bird, XI. 262; XX. 302.

town, Turkey in Asia, XXI. 573. 326; agriculture during 16th and SCOUTI-ALLEN, bird, xxII. 125.

Lake, Albania, xvI. 780. 17th centuries, I. 298; banking in, SCRABER, SCRAIB, bird, xxi. 781. SCUTCHER, cotton machine, VI. 491, 493. III. 332; birds of, xvIII. 18; Church SCRANTON, town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., SCUTES, of animals, XXII. 107, 108. of, xxi. 536; Episcopal Church in,

XXI. 551.

SCUTIGERA, genus of Myriapoda, xvII. VIII. 489; XIV. 711; XXI. 779; Free SCREAMER, bird, xxi. 552.

119. Church of, ix. 742; United Presby SCREECH-Owl, bird, xvIII. 89. SCUTTOCK, bird, XI. 262. terian Church, xxIII. 727; coalfields, SCREEN, in architecture, II. 472. SCYLAX of Caryanda, Greek explorer, 52; coins, XVII. 656; cotton SCREW, XXI. 552; XV. 754, 759; ma

XXI. 573 manufacture, Vi. 501; fisheries, ix. chines for manufacture of, xv. 153, SCYLES, Scythian king, XXI. 578. 257; forests, ix. 399; Gaelic litera 155; of Archimedes, II. 381.

SCYLLA AND CHARYBDIS, Legend of, ture, V. 313; Gaelic topography, SCREW-PROPELLER, of a ship, xxi.

XXI. 574. x. 10; Gothic architecture, II. 428; 823.

SCYLLIUM, genus of sharks, XXI. 774. law of landlord and tenant, XIV. 276; SCREW TOOLS, XI. 438.

SCYMNUS of Chios, Greek geographer, land tenure, xiv. 264; statute law, SCRIBE, Augustin Eugène, French

XXI. 574. XXII. 470; libraries, xiv. 522, 542; dramatist, XXI. 553.

SCYPHOMEDUSÆ, subclass of Hydrozoa, mines, XVI. 467; newspapers, XVII. SCRIBES, Jewish, 111. 641; VIII. 831; XIII.

XII. 555. 422; observatories, XVII. 710; peerage, 419.

Scyros, island, Ægean Sea, XXI. 574. XVIII. 466; police system, xix. 341; SCRIBLERUS CLUB, English literary SCYRRI, Teutonic tribes, XVII. 726. Presbyterianism in, xix. 679; school society, II. 325.

SCYTALIDÆ, family of snakes, XX. 193.

XIX. 527.

VI.

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