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XXI. I 20.

659.

I 20.

I 22.

58; coins, xvii. 658; Cossacks, VI. | RUTICILLA, genus of birds, XX. 317. RYPE, Norwegian game bird, XVII. 581. 448; drama, vii. 444; forests, IX. 401; RUTILE, mineral, xvi. 386; XXIII. 410. Rypin, town, Poland, xix. 227. foundling hospitals, ix. 483; gold, x. RUTILIUS CLAUDIUS NAMATIANUS, RYSBRACK, John Michael, sculptor, 743; Greek Church, XI. 157; Jews in, Latin poet, XXI. 112.

XXI. 560. XIII. 686; land laws, xiv. 262; lan- RUTLAM, state, India, XX. 292.

RYSBROECK (Ruysbroeck, q.v.), John guage, XXII. 148; Lapps, xiv. 306; RUTLAND, county, England, xxi. 113. of, Flemish mystic, XXI. 114, 46. libraries, xiv. 533, 549; mines, XVI. , town, Vermont, U.S.A., XXI. 114; RYSSELBERG'S TELEPHONIC SYSTEM, 468; navy, XVII. 299; newspapers, XXIV. 167.

XXIII. 133. XVII. 430; observatories, xvII. 714; RUTLEDGE, John, American chief- RYSWICK, Holland, Congress of (1697), oyster culture, xvIII. 108; periodical justice, XXIII. 748.

VI. 270; IX. 580; XII. 81. literature, xvIII. 543; police system, RUTNAGHERRY (Ratnagiri), district and RZACZYNSKI, on birds, xvill. 8. XIX. 344; prison system, xix. 761; town, India, XX. 292.

RZHEFF, Rjev, or Rzhoff, town, Russia, railways, XX. 251; serfdom, XXII. 143; RUTULI, an ancient people of Latium, XXI. 119; XXIII. 672. Tartar population, XXIII. 70; uni

XIV. 343 versity statistics, XXIII. 849, 852; | RUTULIANS, Caucasian tribe, xiv. 475. weights and measures, XXIV. 490. RUY DIAZ CAMPEADOR (The Cid),

S, the nineteenth letter of the alphabet, RUSSIAN ALPHABET, 1. 614.

Spanish hero, XXII. 315. RUSSIAN AMERICA, or Alaska (q.v.), 1. RUYSBROECK, John, Flemish mystic, SAADI, Persian poet, XXI. 142; XVIII. 443, 711.

XXI. 114, 46; XII. 91; XVII. 133. RUSSIAN BATHS, III. 438.

RUYSCH, Frederik, Dutch anatomist, SAADIA, Jewish rabbi and scholar, xxi. RUSSIAN LANGUAGE, XXI. 109; XXII. XXI. 114; I. 812.

148; dictionaries of, vii. 188; VI. 762. RUYSDAEL, Jacob, Dutch painter, xxi. SAALFELD, town, Germany, XXI. 122, RUSSIAN LEATHER, XIV. 388; odour 114, 439.

348. imparted to, III. 698.

RUYSSELÈDE, town, Belgium, XXI. 115. SAARBRÜCKEN, town, Prussia, XXI. RUSSIAN LITERATURE, XXI. 102. RUYTER, Michael Adrian de, Dutch RUSSIANS, race of people, Europe, XXI. admiral, xxi. 115; XII. 80.

SAARDAM, town, Holland, xxiv. 761. 79; XXII. 145, 147; in time of Byzan- Ruz, Val de, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, SAARGEMÜND, town, Lorraine, Gertine empire, XI. 116. XVII. 361.

many, XXI. 122. Rust, on iron, XVI. 70.

RYAN, Loch, Wigtown, Scotland, xxiv. SAAVEDRA, Angel de, Spanish poet and RUSTAM, Persian ruler, XVIII. 633; as 562.

politician, XXI. 122; XXII. 343, 361. hero in Persian literature, XVIII. RYAZAN, government, Russia, XXI. 115; Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish 656.

principality, xxi. 89; town, XXI. 116. writer, V. 347. See Cervantes. RUSTCHUK, town, Bulgaria, XXI. 110. RYAZHSK, town, Russia, XXI. 116.

FAXARDO, Diego de, Spanish RUSTICIANO of Pisa, Italian writer, RYBINSK, town, Russia, XXI. 116. diplomatist and writer, XXI. 122. XIII. 501; XIX. 407.

RYCAUT, Sir Paul, English traveller and SAAZ, town, Bohemia, XXI. 122. Rustico, town, Prince Edward Island, diplomatist, XXI. 116.

SABA, people, Arabia, XXIV. 738. XIX. 740.

RYDBERG, Viktor, Swedish writer, XXII. SABADILLA SEEDS, Drug from, XXIV. DI FILIPPO, Italian poet, XIII. 501. 758.

163. RUSTRE, in heraldry, Xi. 697.

RYDE, town, Isle of Wight, England, SABÆAN LANGUAGE, XXI. 653; xxiv. RUTEBEUF, early French writer, IX.

XXI. 117.

740. 642.

RYDELIUS, Anders, Swedish Cartesian SABÆANS, South-Arabian people, xxiv. RUTENU, district, ancient Syria, xxII. writer, XXII. 755.

738. 822.

RYE, grain, XXI. 117; culture of, 1. 360. SABAH, or British North Borneo, XXI. RUTGERS COLLEGE, New Brunswick, -, town, England, xxi. 117; XXII. 123 New Jersey, U.S.A., XVII. 375.

725.

SABARMATI, river, India, xx. 260. RUTH, Book of, XXI. 110.

- Spurred, or ergot, vill. 521; IX. SABAS, St, Syrian ascetic, XXI. 124. RUTHENA (Rodez), Roman town, 834.

St, the Goth, Christian martyr, France, xx. 617.

RYECHITSA, town, Russia, XVI. 479. XXI. 124. RUTHENIANS, race of people, Russian RYEGRASS, Culture of, 1. 371, 375, 380. SABAZIUS, in Greek legend, VII. 249;

Poland, xix. 309; as Roman Catholics, RYE HOUSE, Hertfordshire, England, XVIII. 853. xx. 631.

XI. 772.

SABBAS, or Sabas, St, Syrian ascetic, RUTHENIUM, chemical element, v. 537; RYE HOUSE PLOT, England, xvi. 756.

XXI. 124. XIX. 189, 192.

RYEKA, town, Montenegro, XVI. 781; St, archbishop of Servia, XXI. 689. RUTHERFORD, John, his thermometer, river, XVI. 780.

SABBATH, XXI. 124; Christian obserXXIII. 291.

RYESHETNIKOFF, Russian novelist, XXI. vance of, xxII. 654. - L. M., his observatory, at New 108.

The, Grahame's poem, XI. 34. York, XVII. 715.

RYEZHITZA, town, Russia, XXI. 118; The Witches', Legend of, XIII. 674. RUTHERFURD, Samuel, Scottish divine, population, XXIV. 262.

SABBE, Hebrew sibyl, XXII. 13. XXI. II2.

RYKOVSK, town, Saghalin, East Asia, SABELLA, genus of Annelida, 11. 68. RUTHERGLEN, town, Scotland, XXI.

XXI. 147

SABELLIANISM, theological doctrine, RYLAND, William Wynne, English XIII. 671; XXI. 127. RUTHVEN, Lady Mary, wife of Van

engraver, XXI. 118.

SABELLIANS, or Oscans, Italian people, Dyck, xxiv. 63.

RYMER, Thomas, English historio XIII. 445; XXI. 129.
Raid of (1582), Scotland, XIII. grapher, XXI. 118.

SABELLIUS, early theologian, XXI. 127. 558; XXI. 507.

RYNGOLD, Lithuanian chief, xiv. 702. SABHA, John, Syriac writer, XXII. 835. RUTHWELL CROSS, Scotland, Runic Ryot, or Rayat, Indian peasant pro- SABHR-ISHO, Syriac writer, xxII. 838. inscription on, XVII. 570. prietor, XV. 289; XII. 770.

RUSTAM, Syriac writer, XXII. 843.

II2.

XXI. 144.

SABIANS, sect mentioned in Koran, XXI. SACHEVERELL, Henry, English divine, SÁ DE MIRANDA, Francisco de, Portu128; name claimed by Mandæans, xv. XXI. 130; VIII. 353.

guese poet, XXI. 142. 467; wrongly applied to star wor SACHS, Hans, German poet and drama. SADI, Persian poet, XXI. 147; XVIII. shippers, XXI. 128.

tist, XXI. 131; VII. 440; X. 528; XVII. 659. SABICU WOOD, XXI. 128.

83; his house at Nuremberg, XVII. SADIKIYA, Moslem college, at Tunis, SABINA, genus of plants, XIII. 774.

663

XXIII. 622.
SABINE, river and lake, Louisiana and SACHSENSPIEGEL, German law code, X. SADLER, Sir Ralph, English statesman,
Texas, U.S.A., XV. 20; XXIII. 203. 525.

XXI. 143.
Sir Edward, English astronomer, SACKBUT, musical instrument, XXIII. SADO, island, Japan, XIII. 569.
XXI. 128; his observations in polar 586.

SADOLETO, Jacopo, Italian humanist, regions, XIX. 319.

SACK MANUFACTURE, XXI. 131. SABINES, ancient Italian people, XXI. SACK-MEAD, beverage, XII. 137. SADOWA, Bohemia, Battle of (1866),

128; XIII. 444; XX. 669; in Rome, SACKVILLE, town, New Brunswick, XIV. 138. XX. 731; their contest with the

XVII. 375.

SAD-UD-DIN, Ottoman historian, XXIII. Umbrians, XXIII. 723.

Charles, sixth earl of Dorset, VII. 657 Rape of the, viii. 619. 373.

SADYATTES, king of Lydia, xv. 100. SABINIANS, Roman jurists, XIV. 164.

Thomas, first earl of Dorset, VII. SÆMUND SIGFUSSON, or Sæmundar, SABINIANUS, pope, XIX. 494.

372; as dramatist, vill. 416.

Icelandic writer, VII. 650; XII. 624; SABLE, carnivorous mammal, xv. 577; Saco, town, Maine, U.S.A., XXI. 131; Edda of, vii. 650. skins of, ix. 838.

river, XV. 298.

SÆPINUM, Samnite town, Italy, XXI. SABLÉ, town, France, XXI. 314.

SACRAMENT, SACRAMENTS, XXI. 131; 249. SABLES D'OLONNE, town, France, analogy of, to the Greek Mysteries, SÆTABIS (Játiva), ancient town, Spain, XXI. 129. XVII. 125; in Greek Church, XI. 158;

XIII. 597. SABLIÈRE, Madame de la patroness of decrees respecting, at council of Trent, SAFA, district, Syria, Inscriptions of, La Fontaine, XIV. 204. XXIII. 546, 550; Quaker doctrine re

XXI. 651. SABLYA, mountain, Russia, XXIV. 4. garding, XX. 150. See also Baptism, Hill, at Mecca, Arabia, xv. 674. SABOTA, town, Arabia, xxiv. 740. Eucharist, etc.

SAFARIK, Paul Joseph, Hungarian SABRE, weapon, xxII. 801.

SACRAMENTAL SACRIFICES, XXI. 137. writer, XXI. 386, 108; on the Slavs, SABRINA, volcanic island, Azores, III. SACRAMENTAL WINE, XXIII. 159.

XXII. 145. 170.

SACRAMENTARY, or Missal, XVI. 508. SAFAWI DYNASTY, Persia, xvIII. 634; ISLAND, South Polar Regions, XIX. SACRAMENTO, town, California, U.S.A., XXII. 664. 330.

XXI. 132; river, iv. 696.

SAFE-CONDUCT, passport, XVIII. 344. SABSAWAR, town, Persia, XVIII. 627. SACRAMENTUM, in Roman law, XX. SAFES, XXI. 144; safe locks, XIV. 749. SABUKTAGIN, prince, Persia,

682.

SAFETY-LAMPS, VI. 72; XVI. 461; Sir 241. SACRA VIA, Rome, xx. 818, 824.

Humphry Davy's, VI. 847. SABUTAI BAHADUR, Mongol leader, SACRED ART, The, in alchemy, I. 461. SAFFAH, Abdallah, founder of Abbasid XVI. 741.

SACRED BEETLE, of Egypt, vi. 131. dynasty, xvi. 574, 578. SABZVAR, town, Afghanistan, I. 231. SACRED MUSIC, xvii. 80, 84, 88; XIX. Al., caliph, XVI. 577. SACASTANE (Sistan), province, Persia, 168.

SAFFARIDS, Moslem dynasty, XVI. 586. XXII. 100.

SACRED RITES, Congregation of, in SAFFI, town, Morocco, XXI. 145; XVI. SACATE GRANDE, island, Honduras, Church of Rome, xx. 630.

831. SACRIFICE, XXI. 132; XVIII. 344; in re

SAFFLower, plant, XXI. 145; XXIII. SACCAS, Ammonius, founder of Alex lation to an oath, xvII. 699; to priest 307; oil from, XVIII. 744, 746.

andrian Neoplatonism, l. 743; XVII. hood, xix. 725; to totemism, xxIII. SAFFRON, dye and drug, xxi. 145; as 335.

471; to vows, XXIV. 301; ancient incense, XII. 718. SACCATÆ, group of Actinozoa, I. 132. Mexican, XVI. 211.

Meadow, plant, vi. 124. SACCATOO, or Sokoto, country, Central | SACRIFICES, Human, 1. 55; XVI. 696; WALDEN, town, England, XXI. 146. Africa, XXII. 248.

in Dahomey, vi. 767; in India, ini. SAFID RUD, river, Persia, XVIII. 620. SACCHARINE, artificially - produced 564; in Phænicia, xvIII. 803. SAGA, in Scandinavian mythology, 1. sugar, XXII. 623. SACRILEGE, XXI. 140.

211; in Scandinavian literature, XII. SACCHAROMETER, Use of, in brewing, SACRISTY, in architecture, 11. 472.

623; XXII. 201. IV. 265, 266.

SACRO Bosco, Johannes de, Scottish SAGAING, town, Burmah, 111. 143. SACCHAROMYCES, yeast plant, 1x. 96. astronomer, XXI. 140, 543.

SAGAIS, Tartar people, Siberia, xxIII. SACCHAROSES, group of sugars, XXII. SACRUM, Anatomy of the, 1. 821.

70. 624.

Sacs, American-Indian tribe, XII. 832. SAGAN, town, Prussia, XXI. 146; princiSACCHETTI, Franco, Italian novelist, SACY, Antoine Isaac, Baron Silvestre de, pality, XXI. 146. XXI. 130; XIII. 505.

French Orientalist, XXI. 140.

SAGAR, district, India, XXI. 146; town, SACCHI, Andrea, Italian painter, xxi. Isaac Louis le Maître de, Port

XXI. 147 130.

Royalist, XXI. 141.

SAGARD, town, Rügen, Prussia, XXI. 57. SACCHINI, Antonio Maria Gaspare, SADAICH, river, Persia, xvIII. 620. SAGAS OF NORWEGIAN KINGS, Snorro Italian musical composer, XXI. 1 30. SADDLE, Horse, XII. 198.

Sturluson's work, XXII. 201. SACEDON, spa, Spain, xvi. 433.

BAR, in architecture, II. 472. SAGE, Stoic doctrine of the, XXII. 570. SACERDOTALISM, priestly rule, XIX. MOUNTAIN, Massachusetts, U.S.A., culinary herb, XII. 251, 264, 289. 724. XXIII. 792.

BRUSH, tree, Rocky Mountains, SACHAROF, his balloon ascents, I. SADDLERY, XXI. 142.

U.S.A., XXIII. 810. 194.

SADDUCEES, Jewish sect, XXI. 142; XIII. SAGGING, of a ship, XXI. 818. SACHETS, Perfume, xvill. 527.

423; XVI. 55.

SAGHALIN, island, East Asia, XXI. 147.

XXI.

XII. 130.

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SAGINAW, town, Michigan, U.S.A., XXI. ST AMAND, Odo de, master of Knights ST CLEMENT, Rome, Basilica of, iii. 148. Templars, XXIII. 161.

417. SAGITTA, marine worm, XXI. 148. ST AMAND-LES-EAUX, town, France, ST CLOUD, town, France, XXI. 160; SAGIUM (Sées), ancient town, France, XXI. 156; XVII. 535.

porcelain works at, xix. 636. XXI. 621.

SAINT-AMANT, Fournié de, French ST COLUMB, England, ancient remains SAGLASSUS, town, Asia Minor, XIX. chess-player, v. 601.

at, XXI. 51. 1 30.

M. A. Gerard, Sieur de, French St Croix, island, West Indies, xxi. Sago, a food-starch, XXI. 148.

bacchanalian poet, XXI. 156.

160. PALM, tree, XVIII. 190.

ST ANDREWS, town, New Brunswick, river, New Brunswick, XVII. 373. SAGUENAY, river, Canada, xx. 165;

XVII. 375.

ST CYPRIEN, suburb of Toulouse, XXI. 181.

town, Scotland, XXI. 157; bishopric, France, XXIII. 484. SAGUNTO, town, Spain, XXI. 149.

XXI. 477; library, xiv. 523, 542; uni SAINT CYR, Gouvion, French marshal, SAGUNTUM, ancient town, Spain, XXI. versity, XXIII. 843, 854; first arch XI. 8. 149; siege of (218 B.C.), XI. 441. bishop of, II. 370.

ST CYR-L'ÉCOLE, village, France, xxi. SAGUS, genus of palms, XVIII. 190. ST ANGELO, castle, Rome, xx. 831. 160; institution for poor girls at, xv. SAHARA, region, Central Africa, XXI. Monte, Italy, XIII. 439.

305. 149; I. 249, 268, 563; XVII. 628; ST ANTHONY'S FIRE, or Erysipelas, ST DAVID's, town, Wales, xxi. 160; artesian wells in, II. 646; oases of, disease, VIII. 531.

cathedral, xvIII. 483. XVII. 695.

ST ARNAUD, Arnaud Jacques Leroy de, COLLEGE, Wales, XXIII. 856. SAHARANPUR, district, India, XXI. 151; French general, 1. 569.

ST DENIS, town, France, XXI. 161. town, XXI. 152.

ST ASAPH, town, Wales, XXI. 158; IX. town, Réunion, Indian Ocean, xx. SAHDONA, Syriac writer, XXII. 842.

327.

493. Sahi, ancient Syria, XXII. 822.

ST AUGUSTINE, town, Florida, U.S.A., St Dié, town, France, XXI. 161. SAHIDIC, Egyptian dialect, VI. 355. XXI. 158.

SAINTE-BEUVE,

Charles Augustin, SAHIH, book of Moslem traditions, XVI. ST BARNABAS, station, Norfolk Island, French critic, XXI. 162; IX. 680. 594.

XVII. 537

SAINTE CHAPELLE, at Paris, XVIII. SAHLITE, mineral, xvi. 416.

ST BARTHOLOMEW, or St Barthélemy, 288. Sahs, Indian dynasty, XII. 790.

island, West Indies, XXI. 159; IX. 526. SAINTE-CLAIRE DEVILLE, Étienne HenSai, river, India, XX. 222.

ST BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY, Massacre of, ri, French chemist, XXI. 165. SAIDA, or Sidon (q.v.), town, Syria, in France, ix. 561; V. 412.

SAINTE Croix, island, West Indies, XXII. 35.

ST BARTHOLOMEW'S TEA, or Maté, xv. XXI. 160. SAID BAR SABUNI, Syriac writer, XXII. 627; IV. 227.

STE GENEVIÈVE, Hill of, at Paris, 849.

ST BAUME, mountain, Var, France, XXIV. XVIII. 274. SAID MUHAMMAD ALI, founder of the 68.

ST ELIAS, mountain, Greece, XI. 81. Babis, XVIII. 650.

ST BEL (Vial), French veterinarian, Mount, Alaska, U.S.A., I. 444. SAIDSCHÜTZ, spa, Bohemia, XVI. 436. XXIV. 198.

ST ELMO, castle, Naples, XVII. 188. SAIF IBN OMAR, Arab historian, XXIII. ST BERNARD, dog, VII. 327.

Fort, Malta, XV. 340. 3.

Great, Hospice on the, Switzerland, St Elmo's FIRE, XIV. 633. SAIGA, antelope, Il. 102; XV. 432.

XXIV. 31.

STE MARIE-AUX-MINES (Markirch), SAIGON, town, Cochin China, XXI. 152; ST BONIFACE, town, Manitoba, Canada, town, Alsace, Germany, xv. 552. VI. 96.

xxiv. 613

SAINT Émilion, town, France, xiv. SAIKIO (Kioto), town, Japan, XIV. 92. ST BRANDON, Isle of, imaginary island, 509. SAIL, SAILS, XXI. 153, 822; setting and

SAINTES, town, France, XXI. 167; bridge reefing of, xxi. 599.

St Brice, Massacre of (1002), England, at, iv. 331. SAILCLOTH, XXI, 154.

VIII. 287.

ST ÉTIENNE, town, France, XXI. 167. SAILING SHIPS, XXI. 822.

ST BRIEUC, town, France, XXI. 159. ST EUSTATIUS, or St Eustache, island, SAILMAKING, XXI. 154.

ST BROCARDUS, Convent of, on Mount West Indies, XXI. 168. SAILORS, Laws affecting, XXI. 605. Carmel, Palestine, v. 116.

SAINT-ÉVREMOND, Seigneur de, French SAILORS' KNOTS, XIV. 128.

St Calais, town, France, XXI. 314. writer and courtier, xxi. 168; his SAILUGHEM, mountains, Siberia, XXII. ST CALLISTUS, Cemetery of, at Rome, relations with Ninon de Lenclos, xiv. 3; XXIII. 437.

445. SAIMIRI, squirrel monkey, II. 154. ST CATHERINES, town, Ontario, Canada, ST ÉVROUL EN OUCHE, France, Abbey SAINFOIN, plant, xxi. 155; culture of, XXI. 159; mineral water of, XVI. 436. of, xvII. 821. I. 377.

ST CATHERINE'S COLLEGE, Cambridge, ST FRANÇOIS, town, Canada, XX. 167. . SAINT, XXI. 155. See also Saints.

IV. 731.

ST GALL, canton, Switzerland, XXI. Thomas, inventor of a sewing ST CECILIA, Church of, at Rome, V. 284. 168; town, XXI. 169; XXII. 784; machine, XXI. 718.

ST CHAMAS, France, Bridges at, iv. 329. monastery, 1. 12.
ST AGNES, one of the Scilly Isles, ST CHAMOND, town, France, xxi. 159. ST GALMIER, spa, France, XVI. 436.
England, XXI. 465.

ST CHARLES, town, Missouri, U.S.A., ST GEORGE, island, Azores, III. 172.
Basilica of, at Rome, III. 417.
XXI. 159.

town, New Brunswick, XVII. 375. Cemetery of, at Rome, V. 208. ST CHRISTAN, spa, France, xx. 127.

BAY, Newfoundland and Nova ST ALBAN, Viscount (Francis Bacon, ST CHRISTOPHER, island, West Indies, Scotia, xvII. 382, 601. q.v.), III. 200.

XXI. 159; buccaneers of, iv. 408. ST GEORGE's, town, Bermudas, III. 599. ST ALBANS, town, England, XXI. 155. ST CLAIR, town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., town, Grenada, West Indies, Xi. , town, Vermont, U.S.A., XXI. 156. XXI. 160.

184. ST ALDEGONDE, F. van Marnix, lord Lake, North America, xxi. 179, CHAPEL, Windsor, England, xxiv. of, Dutch Reformer, XII. 92. 182,

601.

IV. 241.

V. 210.

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IX. 551.

ST GEORGE'S DAY, II. 214.

St John's, town, Antigua, West Indies, ST MARY's, river, North America, XXI. SAINT-GEORGES D'OLÉRON, town, II. 128.

178. France, xvII. 761.

town, Port Rico, West Indies, xix. ABBEY, at York, England, 1. 14. SAINT-GERMAIN, Comte de, adventurer, 532.

BAY, Newfoundland, XVII. 382. XXI, 169.

ST JOHNSBURY, town, Vermont, U.S.A., COLLEGE, St Andrews, Scotland, ST GERMAIN-EN-LAYE, town, France, XXI. 176.

XXI. 158. XXI. 170; peace of (1570), IX. 561. ST JOHN'S CHRISTIANS, ancient Orien ISLAND, West Africa, X. 59. ST GERVAIS, spa, France, XXI. 332. tal sect, XV. 467.

LOCH, Scotland, XXI. 638. ST GOTTHARD TUNNEL, Switzerland, ST JOHN'S COLLEGE, Cambridge, IV. ST MARY WINTON, College of (New XXIII. 624. 730.

College), Oxford, XVIII. 97. ST HELENA, island, South Atlantic, ST JOHN'S COLLEGE, Oxford, XVIII. ST MAURICE, mountain, Vosges, France, XXI. 170; I. 272; birds of, iii. 759; 97.

XXIV. 298. observatory, xvII. 716; Napoleon at, ST JOSEPH, town, Missouri, U.S.A., XXI. town, Valais, Switzerland, xxiv. XVII. 225. 176.

31. ST HELEN's, town, England, xxi. 171. ST JULIEN, town, France, XXI. 333.

river, Canada, XX. 165. St HELIER, town, Jersey, XIII. 635. ST JUNIEN, town, France, XXIV. 223. ST MAUR-SUR-LOIRE, town, France, ST HENRI, town, Canada, XX. 167. SAINT-JUST, Antoine, French Revolu XXI. 187. SAINT-HILAIRE, Auguste de, French tionist, XXI. 176.

ST MICHAEL AND ST GEORGE, Order botanist and traveller, XXI. 171. St Kilda, islet, Outer Hebrides, Scot of, XIV. 124. Bourjot, on birds, xvIII. II. land, XXI. 177

ST MICHAEL'S, island, Azores, III. 171. Étienne Geoffroy, x. 173; on ana town, Victoria, Australia, XXI. 177. MOUNT, castle, Cornwall, England, tomy and morphology, xvi. 839; on ST KITT's, island, West Indies, xxi. VII. 427, 428. fishes and birds, XVIII. 18.

159.

St Michel, town, Finland, IX. 217; Isidore Geoffroy, X. 174; on birds, SAINT-LAMBERT, Jean François de,

XXIV. 209.
XVIII. 24.
French poet, XXI. 177.

Mont, islet, France, XVI. 796.
St HiLDA'S ABBEY, at Whitby, Eng. ST LAWRENCE, river, North America, St Moritz, spa, Switzerland, VIII. 214;
land, iv. 630.
XXI. 177; IV. 769; XX. 165.

XVI. 434. St HYACINTHE, town, Canada, xx. 167. ST LEGER, horse-race at Doncaster, ST NAZAIRE, town, Loire Inférieure, St Ives, town, England, xxi. 172; pil England, vii. 361; XII. 201.

France, XXI. 187. chard fishery of, ix. 254.

Sir Anthony, viceroy in Ireland, town, Var, France, xxiv. 69. ST JACOB, Switzerland, Battle of (1444), XIII. 263.

lagoon, Pyrénées Orientales, ST LÉONARD, town, France, XXIV. 223. France, xx. 128. ST JAGO, island, Cape Verd group, V. ST LEONARDS, town, England, XXI. ST NECTAIRE, spa, France, XX. 120. 52.

182.

ST NICOLAS, town, Belgium, XXI. 187. DE CUBA, town, Cuba, XXI. 300. Lord, lord chancellor of England, VARANGEVILLE, town, France, ST JAMES OF COMPOSTELLA, Order of, XXI. 182.

XVI. 205. XXII. 316.

St LEONARD'S COLLEGE, St Andrews, ST OMER, town, France, XXI. 187; ST JAMES'S PALACE, London, Xiv. 838. Scotland, XXI. 158.

XVIII. 340. ST JAMES'S PARK, London, xiv. 824. St LÔ, town, France, XXI. 182.

SAINTONGE, old province, France, XXI. ST JEAN BAPTISTE, suburb of Montreal, St Louis, town, Missouri, U.S.A., XXI. 188. Canada, XXI. 172; XX. 167.

183; bridge at, IV. 339.

St Oswin, priory, England, xx111. 675. ST JEAN D'ACRE, town, Syria, I. 120. town, Senegambia, West Africa, ST OUEN, suburb of Paris, XXI. 188. See Acre.

XXI. 182, 660; I. 269.

ST PANCRAS, district of London, XIV. ST JEAN D'ANGÉLY, town, France, XXI. , spa, Michigan, U.S.A., XVI. 436. 822. 172.

Lake, Montreal, xvI. 794.

RAILWAY STATION, London, XX. ST JEAN-DE-MAURIENNE, town, France, ST LUCIA, island, West Indies, XXI. 186. 236. XXI. 332.

ST MALO, town, France, XXI. 186. ST PATRICK, Order of, XIV. 124. ST JOHANN-SAARBRÜCKEN, town, Prus- ST MARÇAL DE SENA, town, Mozam- ST PAUL, island, Indian Ocean, XXI. sia, XXI. 122. bique, XVII. 7.

189. ST JOHN, river, Maine, U.S.A., and New ST MARGUÉRITE, island, France, Iv. town, Minnesota, U.S.A., XXI. 188. Brunswick, XV. 298; XVII. 373. 807.

Basilica of, Rome, III. 416. town, New Brunswick, xxi. 172; ST MARIE, island, Madagascar, xv. 168, DE LOANDA, town, West Africa, XVII. 375. 174.

XIV. 742. Bayle, English traveller and writer, ST MARK'S CHURCH, Venice, XXIV. 150. ST PAUL'S CATHEDRAL, London, II. XXI. 173. ST MARK'S EVE, II. 214.

443; XIV. 837, 843; XXIV. 689. Charles William George, English SAINT MARS, M. de, governor of the ST PAUL'S ROCKS, islands in the sportsman and naturalist, XXI. 173. Bastille, Paris, XIII. 360.

Atlantic, XXI. 189. Henry (Viscount Bolingbroke, ST MARTIN, island, West Indies, xxi. ST PAUL'S SCHOOL, London, XIV. 835. q.v.), English statesman, iv. 4.

186.

ST PETER, Lake, on

St Lawrence, James Augustus, English traveller town, France, XX. 302.

Canada, xxi. 181. and author, XXI. 173.

Louis Claude de, French mystic, PORT, town, Guernsey, XXI. 190;
Lake, Canada, xx. 165.
XXI. 186.

XI. 247 OF JERUSALEM, Knights of, xxi. ST MARTIN's, one of the Scilly Isles, ST PETER's, Basilica of, Rome, II. 438; 173; at Malta, xv. 343; settlement of, England, XXI. 465.

III. 415. in Rhodes, XX. 525.

St Mary, island, Azores, III. 171. ST PETERSBURG, government, Russia, ST JOHN's, town, Canada, xx. 167. St Mary's, one of the Scilly Isles,

XXI. 190.
town, Newfoundland, xxi. 175.
and, XXI. 465.

capital of Russia, XXI. 190;

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XV. 323.

founding of, xxI. 97; academy of ST VINCENT, island, West Indies, XXI. SALAMANDER, fabulous animal, xxi. sciences, I. 72; libraries, xiv. 533,

205. 549; newspapers, XVII. 430; observa Cape, Portugal, Battle of (1797), SALAMANDRA, amphibian, xxi. 204; 1. tory, XVII. 714; picture gallery, xxi. VIII. 362; XVII. 322; XXI. 201.

760; epithelium of, xix. 833. 446; university, XXIII. 852.

Earl, English admiral, xxi. 201. SALAMIS, island, Greece, xxi. 205; III. ST PETER'S COLLEGE, Cambridge, iv. Gulf of, South Australia, XXII. 59; battle of (480 B.C.), XI. 100; 730. 283.

XVIII. 572; XXI. 205; XXIII. 251. ST PIERRE, island, Newfoundland, XXI. ST VINCENT's, one of the Cape Verd SALAMIYA, ruins of Nineveh, XVII. 196; XVII. 382. Islands, V. 52.

512. , town, Martinique, West Indies, ST VITUS'S DANCE, disease, xxi. 201; SAL AMMONIAC, chemical salt, 1. 741; XV. 586. XVIII. 391; XXIII. 60.

XVII. 517 , town, Réunion, Indian Ocean, xx. ST WINIFRED'S WELL, Wales, XII. SALAMOURI, Caucasian musical instru493. 106.

ment, XVII. 705. Charles Irénée Castel, Abbé de, St Yrieix, town, France, XXIV. 223. SALANGA, island, Malay Peninsula, xv. French social writer, XXI. 195.

Sais, ancient town, Egypt, vii. 768. 321. Jacques Henri Bernardin de, SAIVISM, corrupt form of Buddhism, SALANX, genus of fishes, xxi. 221, French writer, XXI. 195; IX. 666, 668. XIV. 228.

224. D'OLÉRON, town, France, XVII. 761. SAJUR, affluent of Euphrates, VIII. SALARIA, Via, Roman road, Italy, xx. LE MOUTIER, town, France, XVII. 669.

552. 496. SAKA, tree, xxIII. 103.

SALARO, Italy, Bridge at, iv. 330. ST PIERRE-LÈS-CALAIS, town, France, SAKALAVA, race of people, Madagascar, SALAS BARBADILLO, Alonso G. de, XXI. 196; XVIII. 339. XV. 171, 174.

Spanish novelist, XXII. 358. St Pol, town, France, XVIII. 340. SAKARIA, river, Asia Minor, 11. 707. SALASSI, Ligurian tribe, Italy, XIV.

DE LÉON, town, France, XXI. 196. SAKATU, town, Houssa, Central Africa, 639. ST QUENTIN, town, France, XXI. 196; I. 271.

SALATIGA, town, Java, xiii. 606. battle of (1557), IX. 559.

SAKCINSKI, Ivan K., Servian historian, SALAVERRY, town, Peru, XVIII. 674. ST RAPHAEL, village, France, ix. 767; XXI. 691.

- Felipe Santiago, ruler in Peru, XXIV. 69.

SAKÉ, Japanese drink, xiii. 574; XX. XVIII. 678. ST RIQUIER, France, Monastic library 539.

SALAWATTI, Papuan kingship, New at, XIV. 514.

SAKEI, race of people, Malacca, Asia, Guinea, XVII. 389. SAINTS, XXI. 155; pilgrimages to shrines

SALDAMANDO, Enrique Torres, Peruvian of, xix. 94; St Paul's use of the term, SAKER, bird, ix. 3.

historian, XVIII. 675. XVIII. 427.

SAKHALIN, island, East Asia, xxi. 147. SALDANHA, Count of, Portuguese statesST SALVATOR'S COLLEGE, St Andrews, SAKI ADASI (Scio), island, Asiatic

man, XIX. 553; XXI. 205. Scotland, XXI. 158.

Turkey, XXI. 465.

SALDÉ, town, Senegal, Africa, XXI. 660. ST SAUVEUR, spa, France, xx. 127. SAKIS, group of apes, II. 154.

SALE, in law, XXI. 205; contracts of, in Sr SEBASTIAN OF MOZAMBIQUE, town, SAKKARAH, Egypt, Mummies of, xvii. Roman law, xx. 700; implied warEast Africa, XVII. 7.

21; pyramids of, vii. 772; XX. 122, ranty in contracts of, xxiv. 373; in ST SERVAN, town, France, XXI. 197. 124; tomb of Tih at, XVII. 34.

relation to payment, XVIII. 440. SAINT-SIMON, Claude Henri, Comte de, SAKSAUL, plant, XXIII. 511.

town, England, XXI. 205. French socialist, XXI. 197; VIII. 211; SAKTAS, class of Hindu worshippers, Antoine de la, French romancist, IX. 668; his relation to socialism, XXI. 283.

XX. 658. XXII. 207; his influence on Comte, Vi. Saky, Crimea, Russia, Mud baths at, vi. George, translator of the Koran, 229. 585.

XVI. 606. Louis de Rouvray, Duc de, French SAKYA, monastery, Tibet, XXIII. 340, SALEIYER, island, Indian Archipelago, courtier and writer, XXI. 198; IX. 668. 346.

XXI. 210. St SOPHIA, Mosque of, at Constan MUNI, the Buddha, iii. 375; iv. SALEM, of Scripture, XIII. 636. tinople, VI. 305. 209.

district and town, India, XXI. Sr STEPHEN, town, New Brunswick, Sal, one of Cape Verd Islands, v. 52. XVII. 375.

tree, 11. 693; 1X. 405; XVIII. 71.

town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., XXI. ST THIAJO MAJOR, town, Mozambique, SALA (Sallee), town, Mauretania, Africa, 210; witchcraft trials at, xxiv. 622. XVII. 7. xv. 637.

town, New Jersey, U.S.A., XXI. ST THOMAS, island, Gulf of Guinea, SAL ACETOSELLÆ, or Salt of Sorrel, West Africa, XXI. 200. XVIII. 91.

town, Oregon, U.S.A., XXI. 211; island, West Indies, XXI. 200. SALADE, headpiece, XI. 637.

XVII. 825. town, Quebec, Canada, xx. 167. SALADIN, Moslem general and sultan SALE OF Lives, Lucian's dialogue, xv. ST UBES (Setubal), town, Portugal, XXI. of Egypt, XVI. 588; VII. 753; his con 45. 697.

quest of Jerusalem, vi. 628; his rela- | SALEP, drug, XXI. 211. ST VEIT, town, Austria, xiv. 106.

tions with the Templars, xxIII. 161; SALERNE, François, on birds, xvIII. 6. ST VENANT, on flexure, VII. 809.

Life of, by Bohaddin, III. 860. SALERNO, town, Italy, XXI. 211; medical ST VICTOR, Hugo of, mediæval theo- SALADO, Spain, Battle of (1340), XXII. school of, xv. 806; XXII. 675; unilogian, XXI. 425. 319, 323.

versity, XXIII. 832. Niepce de, his contributions to SALAIRSK, town, Siberia, XXIII. 439. - Giuseppe Ricca, Italian economist, photography, xvIII. 824.

SALAMANCA, province, Spain, XXI. 203. XIX. 395. Paul de, French writer, XXI. 201. town, Spain, xxi. 203; cathedral, SALES, François de, French mystic, ix.

Richard of, scholastic philosopher, 11. 433; university, xxIII. 839, 851; 695; XVII. 134. XX. 543; XVII. 132; XXI. 425.

battle of (1812), xxiv. 496.

SALFORD, town, England, xv. 459.

XXV.

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