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RESURRECTION, of the dead, viII. 535; | REVEL (Reval), town, Russia, xx. 495. RHABDITES, structures in planarian

in Jewish and Christian apocalyptic, | REVELATION, Divine, II. 190; XIII. 154; worms, XIX. 170. II. 175; XVI. 56, 315; XX. 597; St Christianity as religion of, v. 691; Bible RHABDITIS, genus of nematode worms, Paul's doctrine of, xvIII. 426.

as record of, 111. 634; V. 691; in nature, XVII. 325. of Jesus Christ, XIII. 669; Gospel XXIII. 264; by oracle, xvII. 808; in | RHABDOCELA, tribe of planarian accounts of, x. 805, 811, 840.

relation to rationalism, xx. 289; II. worms, XIX. 171, 174. RETENTIVENESS, in psychology, xx. 232; to theology, XXIII. 261; in Neo- RHABDOMANCY, use of the divining 46.

platonism, XVII. 333; Critique of, by rod, xv. 206. RETFORD, East, town, England, xx. Fichte, XI. 134.

RHABDOPLEURA, genus of Polyzoa, XIX. 487.

Book of, New Testament, XX. 496; 434, 435. RETHEL, Alfred, German painter, xx. XIX. 823.

RHABDUS, sponge, XXII. 416. 487.

REVELGANJ, town, India, XXI. 304. RHACHIODONTIDÆ, family of snakes, RETICULARIA, class of Protozoa, xix. REVENUE, National, ix. 171; per head, XXII. 192. 845.

XVII. 247

RHADAMANTHUS, or Rhadamanthys, of RETIMO, town, Crete, Vi. 572. REVEREND, title, XXIII. 418.

Greek mythology, xx. 504; in ElyRETINA, of the eye, 1. 888; VIII. 817, REVERSIBILITY, Principle of, in wave sium, VIII. 156. 821.

theory of light, XXIV. 426.

RHADAMES (Ghadames), town, Sahara, RETINASPHALT, mineral, XVI. 428. REVERSION, in animal descent, XXI. 788. Africa, X. 4. RETINITE, mineral, XVI. 428.

in law, xx. 372.

RHÆTIA, Alpine province, Roman RETINITIS, eye disease, XVII. 784. REVERSIONARY ANNUITIES, II. 84. empire, XX. 504. RETINOSCOPY, in ophthalmology, XVII. REVETMENT, in fortification, ix. 428, Ten Jurisdictions of, Swiss con787. 445.

federation, XXII. 786. RETORSION, in international law, XIII. REVIEWS, periodical literature, XVIII. RHÆTIAN ALPS, 1. 627. 194.

536.

RHÆTIC Rocks, in geology, X. 353. RETORT, for distillation, VII. 262; of REVIVAL OF LEARNING, XX. 380. RHÆTICUS (Rheticus), George Joachim, platinum, XXII. 637.

REVOLT OF ISLAM, Shelley's poem, mathematician, xx. 508; XXIII. 9, 562. RETREAT OF THE TEN THOUSAND XXI. 793.

RHAGITE, mineral, XVI. 406. (401 B.C.), XI. 103 ; XXIV. 720. REVOLUTION, of the planets, 11. 782. RHAGON TYPE, of sponges, XXII. 414. RETROPINNA, genus of fishes, XXI. 221, of the earth, its geological effects, RHAMNUS, town, Greece, III. 60. 224.

X. 216.

RHAMPHOCORYS, genus of birds, xiv. RETTING, of flax, 1X. 294.

of 1688, in England, VIII. 351. 316. RETURNS, Government, statistical, XXII. French, of 1789, IX. 596; its RHAMPHORHYNCHUS, fossil reptile, xx. 464. influence on England, VIII. 360; on

86. RETZ, Cardinal de, French writer and Germany, X. 504; French, of 1830, IX. RHANGABÉ, Michael I., Byzantine empolitician, XX. 488; IX. 572. 619; French, of 1848, IX. 621.

peror, XVI. 226; XVII. 482. (Rais), Gilles de, marshal of France, REVOLVER, firearm, XI. 285; Colt's, vi. RHAPIs, genus of palms, XVIII. 190. XX. 258.

166.

RHAPSODISTS, Greek, XII. 109. RETZIUS, Andreas, on American Indians, REVUE DES DEUX MONDES, French RHAZES, Arabian alchemist and physiXII, 821.

periodical, 1X. 680; XVIII. 540; XXI. cian, I. 464; XV. 805. REUBEN, son of Jacob, XX. 489.

164.

RHÉ (Ré), Isle of, France, XX. 302; Tribe of, XIII. 401; XVIII. 176. REX, Roman ruler, XX. 732.

battle of (1627), IV. 419. Reuchlin, John, German humanist, REWAH, state, India, xx. 501; town, Rhea, bird, xx. 505; XVIII. 44. XX. 489; his attitude towards the

Greek divinity, Vi. 744; XXI. 321. Reformation, XX. 325; his influence in REWARI, subdivision of Gurgáon, India, FIBRE, XX. 506; IX. 133. the German Renaissance, XX. 388; on XI. 332; town, XI. 332.

RHEGIUM (Reggio di Calabria), ancient the Kabbalah, XIII. 813.

REYBAZ, collaborator with Mirabeau, town, Italy, XX. 341. RÉUNION, island, Indian Ocean, XX.491. XVI. 497

RHEIMS, town, France, XX. 507; amRéus, town, Spain, XX. 493.

REYER, Ida Laura (Madame Pfeiffer), pulla at, l. 777; sculptures in catheREUSS, German principalities, XX. 493. traveller, XVIII. 726.

dral, xxi. 562; trades school, xxIII. river, Switzerland, XXII. 776. REYKJAVIK, town, Iceland, XII. 619. 108.

or Réus, Count de (Juan Prim), REYNARD THE Fox, mediæval fable, RHEIN (Rhine, q.v.), river, Europe, xx. Spanish statesman, xix. 732.

vil. 838; IX. 641; X. 522, 527, 741; 518. Edward, on the Pentateuch, XVIII. XIV. 17; XX. 659; XXI. 319; Kaul- | RHEINBUND, Leibnitz's plan of a, xiv. 508. bach's illustrations of, xiv. 17.

418. REUSSINE, mineral, XVI. 402.

REYNAUD, Jean, expounder of Druidism, RHEINFELD, spa, Switzerland, XVI. 434. REUTER, Fritz, Platt Deutsch writer,

RHEINGAU, district, Germany, XVII. XX. 494; as poet, XVIII. 348.

REYNES, John, bookbinder to Henry 238; XX. 520. Julius, German news-agent, XVII. VIII., IV. 42.

RHEITHROSCIURUS, genus of rodent 413.

REYNOLDS, Sir Joshua, English painter, mammals, XXII. 438. REUTLINGEN, town, Würtemberg, Ger

XX. 502; XXI. 441; his colouring, RHENANUS, Beatus, German humanist, many, XX. 495; population, XXIV. 701. XVIII. 139.

XX. 508. REUTLINGER, Susanna, second wife of REYNOLDS'S WEEKLY NEWSPAPER, RHENEIA, island, Greece, VII. 51. Kepler, XIV. 47.

XVII. 419.

RHENISH PRUSSIA, province, Prussia, REVAL, town, Russia, XX. 495. REZANI, people, Italy, XXII. 150.

XX. 20. Nicolas, Hungarian writer, XII. REZZONico, Carlo (Pope Clement XIII.), RHENISH WINES, XXIV. 602, 610. 377.

v. 823

RHEOSTAT, electric instrument, VIII. 45. REVDINSK, town, Russia, XVIII. 550. RHA, rhubarb, XX. 529.

RHEOTANNIC ACID, XX. 530.

XX. 502.

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RHESÆNA, district, Mesopotamia, XVI. RHODE ISLAND CASE (1848), U.S.A., | RI, Japanese measure, XIII. 569.

XXIV. 472.

RIAD, town, Nejd, Arabia, II. 254. RHESUS, of Euripides, viii. 678. RHODES, island, Ægean Sea, XX. 525; RIALTO, island, Venice, XXIV. 141; RHETICUS, George Joachim, mathema its connexion with Phænicia, xvIII. bridge of the, iv. 332.

tician, xx. 508; his contributions to 805; relations with Rome, xx. 751; RIBAT (Rabat), town, Morocco, XX. trigonometry, XXIII. 562; his trigono establishment of Knights Hospitallers 192. metrical tables, XXIII. 9.

in, XXI. 174; conquest of, by the Turks RIBAULT, or Ribaut, Jean, French naviRHETORIC, xx. 508; Latin, xiv. 333; (1522), XXIII. 643 ; coins of, xvII. gator, xx. 531; colonizer in South

in relation to sophistry, XXII. 265; of 647 ; town, xx. 525; Colossus at, ii. Carolina, U.S.A., XXII. 288. Aristotle, II. 517; of Lysias, xv. 118; 365.

RIBBLE, river, England, XIV. 252. Quintilian's contributions to, XX. 187; Outer and Inner, divisions of RIBBON-FISHES, XX. 531; XII. 684, 691; Sanskrit works on, XXI. 293; Whate Appenzell, Switzerland, 11. 211.

XXI. 609. ly's work on, xxiv. 530; Chambers RHODIAN WARE, pottery, XIX. 621. RIBBONS, XX. 531.

of, in Dutch literature, XII. 91. RHODIGIUM (Rovigo), Latin town, Italy, RIBEIRA GRANDE, town, Cape Verd RHEUM, genus of plants, XII. 287; XX.

XXI. 29.

Islands, v. 52. 529.

RHODIUM, chemical element, v. 536; RIBEIRO, Bernardim, Portuguese writer, RHEUMATIC FEVER, XX. 516; XVIII. XIX. 189, 191.

xix. 556. 397. RHODIZITE, mineral, XVI. 396.

-João Pedro, Portuguese historian, RHEUMATIC GOUT, XX. 518. RHODOCHROME, mineral, xvi. 414.

XIX. 557 RHEUMATISM, disease, xx. 516; sili RHODODENDRON, shrub, XX. 526; XII. João Pinto, Portuguese statesman, cylate of sodium in treatment of, 260; of Ceylon, V. 362.

XIX. 548. XXI. 217.

RHODONITE, mineral, xvi. 417. RIBERA, Jusepe (Lo Spagnoletto), RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, disease, xx. RHODOPE, mountain, Thrace, XXIII. Spanish painter, XX. 532. 518.

318.

RIBEs, genus of plants, VI. 715; X. 779. RHEUMIC ACID, XX. 530.

RHODOSPERMEÆ, suborder of Algæ, 1. RIBOT, Théodule, on evolution, viII. RHEYDT, town, Rhenish Prussia, XX. 508.

767. 518.

RHOMBIC SYSTEM, of crystals, XVI. Ribs, Anatomy of the, 1. 822; movements RHIJNSBURGERS, Dutch sect, XXII. 359.

of, in respiration, xx. 478; treatment 400.

RHOMBUS, genus of fishes, XXIII. 625. of, in surgery, XXII. 690; in vertebrate Rhin, Haut, former department of RHONE, river, Europe, xx. 527; ix. skeleton, XXII. 113; in mammals, xv. France, ix. 508. 506; in Switzerland, xxII. 776.

358. RHINE, river, Europe, xx. 518; X. 449; RHÔNE, department, France, XX. 528.

in architecture, Il. 472. in Holland, XII. 63; in Switzerland, RHOPALOCERA, group of insects, XIII. RICARDO, David, English political XXII. 776. 151.

economist, xx. 533; XIX. 373; on Confederation of the (1806), III. RHUBARB, vegetable and drug, xx. 529; labour, value, and capital, XXII. 213. 133; IX. 615; XVII. 210.

XII. 287.

RICASOLI, Bettino, Baron, Italian statesRHINELAND, province, Prussia, XX. 20. RHUNE, mountain, France, xx. 126. man, XIII. 491. RHINE WINE, XXIV. 602, 610.

RHUPENIAN DYNASTY, of Armenia, 11. RICAUT, Sir Paul, English traveller and RHINOBATIDÆ, family of fishes, xx. 548.

diplomatist, xxi. 116. 299.

Rhus, genus of trees, XIII. 592. RICCATI, James, Count, Italian matheRHINOCEROS, ungulate mammal, xx. Rhyl, town, Wales, xx. 530; 1X. 327. matician, XX. 535.

521; XV. 428; of India, XII. 742; of RHYMER, Thomas the, early Scottish Ricci, Antonio, Venetian architect, Java, xiii. 602. poet, XXIII. 308.

XXIV. 153 RHINOCHETUS, genus of birds, xvII. RHYMNEY, town, England, xx. 530.

Lorenzo, general of the Jesuits, 376; XXII. 653.

RHYNCHÆA, genus of birds, XXII. 200. XIII. 654. RHINODON, genus of sharks, XXI. 777. RHYNCHOBDELLIDÆ, family of leeches, Ludovico, Italian economist, XIX. RHINOLOPHIDÆ, family of bats, xv. XIV, 404.

363. 412.

RHYNCHOCEPHALIA, order of reptiles, Matteo, Jesuit missionary in China, RHINOPOMA, genus of bats, XV. 413. XX. 437, 444, 448.

XX. 536; XV. 145; XVI. 513. RHINOTMETUS, Justinian II., emperor RHYNCHOFLAGELLATA, class of Pro- RICCIARELLI, Daniele, Italian painter, of the East, XIII. 798. tozoa, XIX. 860.

XX. 537 RHIO (Riouw), town, near Bintang, RHYNCHONELLIDÆ, family of Brachio- RicciEÆ, class of liverworts, xvii. 69. Indian Archipelago, III. 679; XII. 818; poda, Iv. 195.

RICCIOLI, Giovanni Battista, XXII. 639.

RHYNCHOPHORA, group of beetles, vi. nomy, II. 754. Rhion, town, Greece, XVI. 53.

133; XXIV. 477.

RICCOBONI, Madame, French writer, RHIPSALIS, genus of Cactaceæ, iv. 626. RHYNCHOPS, genus of birds, XXII. 120. XX. 538. RHIZOCARPEÆ, subclass of ferns, ix. RHYNCHOTUS, genus of birds, xxIII. RICE, XX. 538; culture of, under irriga105. 403.

tion, XIII. 369; in India, 111. 248, 568; RHIZOME, root-stock of plants, Iv. 98. RHYNDACUS, river, Asia Minor, 11. 707; XII. 747; XVIII. 409; in Japan, XIII. RHIZOPHORA, genus of trees, XV. 481. XVII. 122; XVIII. 853.

574; in Java, XIII. 603; in Madagascar, RHIZOPODS, or Foraminifera, xix. 371. RHYS AB TEWDWR, Welsh prince, v. RHIZOTA, order of Rotifera, XXI. 7. 319.

PAPER, XX. 539. RHODE ISLAND, State, U.S.A., xx. RHYTHM, in poetry, XIX. 257, 262; in STARCH, XXII. 456. 523; Roger Williams's colonization

prose, XX. 513.

Rich, Claudius James, traveller and of, xxiv. 587; colony of, xxIII. 730 ; RHYTHYMNO, town, Crete, VI. 572. Orientalist, XX. 539. opposition of, to the Union (1790), RHYTINA, genus of sirenian mammals, Edmund, archbishop of CanterXXIII. 752, 754. XV. 390.

bury, vii. 668.

on astro

XV. 172.

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Rich, John, English pantomimist, XVIII. | RICHTER, Ernst Friedrich Eduard, Rif Hills, Morocco, XVI. 830. 215.

German writer on music, XX. 546. RIFLE, firearm, XI. 282; penetrating Robert, earl of Warwick, English

Jeremias Benjamin, German chem power of, IX. 428; sporting, XXI. postmaster, XIX. 563. ist, v. 463.

835. RICHARD I., Caur de Lion, king of Eng Johann Paul Friedrich (Jean Paul), ASSOCIATION, of Great Britain,

land, xx.* 539; VIII. 305; IX. 541; his German humorist, XX. 546; X. 541; XXIV. 295. coronation, vi. 429; his exploits in Pale

on ästhetics, I. 220; on education, VII. RIFLED CANNON, XI. 308. stine, Vi. 628; his ransom, xiv. 844. 677.

RIFLEMAN-BIRD, or Rifle-Bird, XX. II., of England, XX. 541; VIII. 319; Rici, Paul, Kabbalistic writer, XIII. 553. XIV. 256; dethronement of, XI. 659; 813.

RIFLING, of cannon, XI. 294. his relations with William of Wyke- RicIMER, patrician of the Roman empire, RIGA, town, Russia, xx. 553. ham, xxiv. 585.

XX. 547, 781; XV. 311.

RIGAUD, Hyacinthe, French painter, III., of England, xx. 542; VIII. 328. RICINUS, genus of plants, V. 200.

XX. 554. earl of Cornwall and king of the RICKETS, disease, XX. 548; XVIII. 373. RIGDON, Sydney, Mormon leader, XVI. Romans, XX. 542.

RICKMAN, Thomas, English architect, 826. the Fearless, duke of Normandy, XX. 548.

RIGGING, of a ship, XXI. 153, 594. XVII. 541.

RICOMAGUS (Riom), Roman town, Right, in law, xiv. 361. - the Good, duke of Normandy, France, xx. 564.

Petition of, XVIII. 705. XVII. 542.

RIDDELL, John L., his binocular prisms, HAND OF FELLOWSHIP, salutation, duke of York, XXIV. 752; viceroy XVI. 273.

XXI. 237 of Ireland, xiii. 261. RIDDERSK, town,. Siberia, XXIII. 439.

HONOURABLE, title, XXIII. 418. - of Cirencester, English chronicler, RIDDLE, enigma, XX. 549; of the OF SEARCH, Maritime, XXI. XX. 542.

608. sphinx, XXII. 398. of Middletown, scholastic philo- RIDEAU, river and canal, Ottawa, Canada, OF WAY, in law, xix. 705. sopher, XXI. 429.

XVIII. 68; XXI. 180.

RIGHTS, Bill of, English (1689), xx. of St Victor, scholastic philosopher RIDERFORT, Gerard de, master of

555. and mystic, XX. 543; XVII. 132; XXI. Knights Templars, XXIII. 161.

OF MAN, Declaration of the, 425.

RIDGEWAY, ancient roadway, Wilts, France, ix. 599. DE BURY, bishop of Durham, 111. 85. England, xxiv. 594.

OF MAN, Paine's book, XVIII. RICHARDIA, genus of plants, XII. 264. RIDING, on horseback, XII. 195.

136. RICHARDSON, Sir John, Scottish natur division of Yorkshire, England, Rigid FIGURE, Kinematics of a, xv. alist and Arctic explorer, xx. 543; X. XXIV. 748.

691. 193; XIX. 319.

RIDLEY, Henry, anatomist, 1. 813. RIGIDITY, Modulus of, vii. 805, 815; Samuel, English novelist, XX. 543; Nicholas, bishop of London, xx.

XXII. 595. his place in English literature, viii. 549.

Rigi KULM, mountain, Switzerland, 430.

RIDUNA (Alderney), Channel Islands, XXI. 465. RICHBOROUGH CASTLE, Kent, England, England, 1. 473.

RIGORISM, in casuistry, xiv. 636. V. 1973

RIEL, Louis, leader of French Indians, RIG-VEDA, Brahmanical sacred books, RICHEBOURG, French dwarf, vii. 567. Canada, XX. 315.

XXI. 275; IV. 202; XII. 780; philoRICHELIEU, river, Canada, XX. 165; | RIELLA, genus of liverworts, XVII. 67. sophy of, XXIV. 117; Hindu XXI. 181.

RIEMANN, G. F. Bernhard, German astrology, 11. 739; language of, il. Cardinal de, xx. 544; IX. 567; his mathematician, XX. 550.

673. jealousy of Corneille, VI. 417; patron RIENZI, Cola di, senator of Rome, xx. RIJN, Rembrandt Harmens van (Remof French Academy, l. 74; his Spanish 800; XIII. 480.

brandt), Dutch painter, XX. 373. policy, XXII. 331.

Lytton's novel, xv. 122.

RIKSDAG, Swedish parliament, XXII. Duc de, French marshal, xx. 544; Wagner's opera, XXIV. 313.

742. IX. 588.

RIESENER, Henri François, French Rille, river, France, XVIII. I.
Duc de, governor of Odessa, xx. portrait-painter, XX. 551.

RIMAC, river, Peru, xiv. 644. 544.

Jean Henri, French cabinetmaker, RIME IN VITA, Petrarch's poem, XVIII. RICHER, Jean, on deviations of the

711. pendulum, VII. 597.

RIESENGEBIRGE, mountains, Germany, Rimer, hand tool, xi. 438. RICHERUS, French chronicler, XX. 545. XX. 551; III. 116.

RIMINI, town, Italy, XX. 555. RICHIBUCTO, town, New Brunswick, RIESENKOPPE, mountain, Germany, xx. RINALDO, Count (Pope Alexander IV.), XVII. 375; river, XVII. 373. 552.

1. 487. RICHMAN, G. W., his fatal electrical RIESLING VINE, XXIV. 609, 611.

architect of Pisa cathedral, xix. experiment, VIII. 6.

Riess, Peter Theophil, his contributions RICHMOND, town, Surrey, England, xx. to electrical science, VIII. 15; his Tasso's poem, XIII. 510; XXIII. 545. thermo-electrometer, Vill. 55.

76. -, town, Yorkshire, England, xx. 545; RIESTEDT, Germany, Dolmen at, xxi. RINCKHART, Martin, German hymnXXIV. 748. 52.

writer, xii. 586. town, Indiana, U.S.A., XX. 545. RIETBERG, Count of (Kaunitz), Austrian | RINDERPEST, cattle disease, XVII. 59; town, Virginia, U.S.A., XX. 545. statesman, xiv. 18; IX. 587.

I. 304; in Cheshire (1866), v. 589. suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, xv. Rieti, town, Italy, XX. 552; XXI, 129. RINDFLEISCH, Georg Eduard, his 836.

RIETSCHEL, E. F. August, German scheme of diseases, XVIII. 361.
Legh, English writer, xx. 546. sculptor, XX. 552.

RING, Astronomical, Gemma's, XVII. PARK, England, xx. 545.

RIEVAULX ABBEY, Yorkshire, England, 251. RICH'S SYSTEM, of shorthand, XXI. 837.

XXIV. 749.

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RINGBERG, mountain, Germany, xxi. RIPUARIANS, Frankish people, 1X. 723; Rivotite, mineral, xvi. 428. 349.

X. 476.

RIXDORF, suburb of Berlin, Germany, RING DES NIBELUNGEN, Wagner's oper- RIQUETI, XVI. 492, 498. See Mirabeau. XX. 581. atic tetralogy, XXIV. 314.

RIQUIER, St, France, Library of, xiv. Riyam, sanctuary, Arabia, xxiv. 741. RING-Dove, bird, vii. 379.

513.

RIZA, Tomb of, at Meshed, Persia, XVI. RINGELSPITZ, mountain, Switzerland, Rir’, Wady, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 150. 46; XVIII. 626. XXI. 169.

RISPETTO, Italian song, XIX. 272. Rizzio, David, Queen Mary's secretary, RING-MONEY, Celtic, XVII. 630. Rissi, Peter, Swiss leader, XXII. 785. XX. 581; XV. 596; XXI. 504. RING-OUSEL, bird, XVIII. 75.

Rist, Johann, German hymn-writer, RJEV (Rzheff), town, Russia, XXI. 119. RING-SANGS, ballads or dancing songs, XX. 568; XII. 586.

Roach, fish, XX. 582; XII. 692; angling III. 285.

RISTORO D'AREzzo, Italian writer, XIII. for, II. 41. RING SNAKE, XXII. 194.

501.

ROAD, Rule of the, in driving, XI. 811; RINGWORM, disease, xvIII. 269; XXII. RITENBENK, district, Greenland, XI. at sea, XVII. 277. 124.

171.

ROADS, XX. 582; bridges on, Iv. 285; RINIERI'S THERMOMETER, XXIII. 288. Rites, Sacred, Congregation of, Church making of, xx. 582, 583; tolls on, RINK, for skating, XXII. 105.

of Rome, xx. 630.

XXIII. 436; underground, in mines, RINMANN'S GREEN, pigment, XXIV. RITSCHL, Albrecht, German theologian, XVI. 455; Telford's construction of, 787. on Pietism, xix. 84.

XXIII. 155. RINTELN, Germany, University of, xxIII. — Friedrich

Wilhelm, German ROAN LEATHER, XIV. 388. 845, 848.

scholar, xx. 569.

ROANNE, town, France, xx. 588. RINUCCINI, Ottavio, Italian musical Ritson, Joseph, English antiquary, xx. - plain, France, xiv. 807. composer, XXIV. 315.

570.

ROANNEZ, Duc de, his relations with Rio, Ercole del, Italian chessplayer, v. RITTEN HOUSE, David, American astro Pascal, xvIII. 334. 601.

nomer, XX. 570.

ROA-Poua, island, Marquesas, Pacific, RIOBAMBA, town, Ecuador, South

William, papermaker, Philadel XV. 564. America, XX. 562.

phia, U.S.A., XVIII. 740.

ROARING FORTIES, or brave west winds RIO DE JANEIRO, town, Brazil, XX. RITTER, Carl, German geographer, XX. in meteorology, XVI. 146. 562; observatory at, XVII. 716.

570.

ROAST-BEEF PLANT, IX. 279. Rio GRANDE, river, West Africa, XX. RITTINGERITE, mineral, xvi. 393. ROASTING, of meat, VI. 332. 564.

RITUALE ROMANUM, liturgical book, ROATAN, island, Honduras, XII. 131. Rio GRANDE DEL NORTE, river, North

XIV. 710.

ROBBERS, The, Schiller's play, XXI. 395. America, xx. 563; XVII. 400; XXIII. RIUKIU (LEW-CHEW) ISLANDS, North ROBBER SYNOD, at Ephesus, XIV. 448. 203.

Pacific, XIV. 489; XIII. 570; language ROBBERY, in law, XXIII. 231, 233. Rio GRANDE DO NORTE, river, Brazil, of, xiii. 586.

ROBBIA, Andrea della, Florentine XX. 563. Riva, town, Tyrol, X. 75.

sculptor, XX. 590. Rio GRANDE DO SUL, river, Brazil, Rivals, The, Sheridan's play, XXI. 798. Giovanni della, Florentine sculptor, XX. 564. RIVAROL, Antoine de, French writer,

XX. 591. RIO GRANDE DO SUL, town and pro XX. 571; IX. 670.

Girolamo della, Florentine sculptor, vince, Brazil, XX. 564.

Rivas, town, Nicaragua, XVII. 477. Rioja, Spain, Wine of, xxiv. 607.

Duke of (Angel de Saavedra), Luca della, Florentine sculptor, RIOM, town, France, XX. 564, 120. Spanish poet and politician, XXI. 122; XX. 588. RiON, river, Caucasus, V. 253; XXIII. XXII. 343, 361.

ROBENHAUSEN, Switzerland, Lake513.

RIVE DE GIER, town, France, XX. 571. dwellings at, XIV. 223. RIONERO IN VOLTURE, town, Italy, RIVER, RIVERS, XX. 571; flow of water ROBERT I., king of France, xx. 592; xx. 564.

in, XII. 492; formation of bars of, x. IX. 536. Riot, in law, XX. 564.

277; XX. 575; gauging of, XII. 509; duke of France, IX. 525. Rio Tinto, mines, Spain, XII. 334. geological action of, X. 272; proprie the Angevine, king of Naples, Riouw, town, near Bintang, Indian tary rights in, XX. 565; tides in, XXIII.

XIII. 477. Archipelago, III. 679; XII. 818; XXII. 353, 362; water of, xxiv. 398; in (Hrolf), duke of Normandy, XX. 639

relation to water-supply, XXIV. 404; 627; IX. 535; XVII. 539. RIPARIAN LAWS, XX. 565. influence of wind on, XII. 497.

duke of Normandy, father of RipH, Jewish rabbi and Talmudist, XX. ENGINEERING, XX. 571; of Miss William I., IX. 537; XVII. 542. 566. issippi, XVI. 520; of Po, XIX. 251.

duke of Normandy, son of William RIPIDOLITE, mineral, xvi. 414.

MUSSEL, mollusc, XVII. 110.

I., his relations with William Rufus, RIPLEY, town, England, xx. 567. RIVERO, Peruvian naturalist, XVIII. 676. VIII. 301; XVII, 544; XXIV. 577. George, American critic and man RIVER PEARLS, XVIII. 447.

the Bruce, king of Scotland, xx. of letters, XX. 567.

RIVER PLATE, South America, II. 489. 592; XXI. 488. RIPON, town, England, xx. 568; Wil RIVER POPLAR, tree, XIX. 512.

II.-III., of Scotland, XXI. 490. frid's connexion with, xxiv. 566. RIVIERA, district, Italy and France, xx. of Belesme, Norman noble, XI.

FALLS, Nile, Africa, XVII. 505. 581; XIII. 437, 441; Italian dialect of, 656.
RIPPERDA, John William, Baron, poli-
XIII. 493.

of Brunne, early English writer, tical adventurer, xx. 568; as Spanish RIVIÈRE, Captain, French commander,

VIII. 410. minister, XXII. 338. Tong-King, XXIII. 441.

of Gloucester, English chronicler, RIPPLES, on water, XXIV. 420.

RIVINUS, Augustus Quirinus (Bach xx. 596; his chronicle, VIII. 410. RIPPLING, of flax, ix. 294.

mann), on plant classification, iv. 79. Hubert, French painter, XX. 595. RIPPOLDSAU, spa, Germany, XVI. 434. Rivoli, Duke of (Masséna, q.v.), French Louis Léopold, French painter, RIPUARIAN LAW, Frankish, XXI. 214. marshal, xv. 616.

XX. 595.

XX. 592.

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XVI. 222.

598.

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ROBERT, M., French aeronaut, 1. 188. Rob Roy, Scottish outlaw, XX. 608. ROCKLAND, town, Maine, U.S.A., XX.

Rahel Antonie, wife of Varnhagen ROBSART, Amy, wife of earl of Leicester, 616. von Ense, xxiv. 91.

XIV. 425.

ROCK OF AGES, Toplady's hymn, XII. GUISCARD, duke of Apulia, xx. ROBUSTI, Domenico, Italian painter, 594. 596, 791; XIII. 470.

XX. 611.

ROCK OF CASHEL, Ireland, v. 175. HERON, pseudonym of John Jacopo(Tintoretto), Italian painter, Rock-Oil, XVIII. 712. Pinkerton, XIX. 107.

XX. 608.

ROCK-PIGEON, bird, XXI. 259. ROBERT-HOUDIN, Jean Eugène, French Marietta, daughter of Tintoretto, Rocks, Characters of, x. 229. conjuror, XIV. 415; XV. 209.

XX. 610.

ROCK-SALT, mineral, x. 228, 232; XXI. ROBERT LE DIABLE, Meyerbeer's opera, Roc, fabulous bird, xx. 611.

230. ROCAMBOLE, vegetable, XII. 287. ROCK-SCULPTURES, in Phrygia, xviii. ROBERTS, David, Scottish painter, xx. Rocca, second husband of Madame de 850. 597.

Stael, xxII. 441.

ROCK-SNAKE, XX. 144. - Richard, his improvements on Roch, St, Franciscan monk, xx. 611. ROCK SOAP, mineral, xvi. 425.

cotton-spinning mule, VI. 498. ROCHDALE, town, England, xx. 611. ROCKY MOUNTAINS, North America, ROBERTSON, Frederick William, English ROCHE BERNARD, La, town, France, XXIII. 796; 1. 674; geological structure preacher, XX. 597 XVI. 813.

of, x. 372. John, his elements of navigation, ROCHEFORT, town, France, XX. 612. Rocky MOUNTAIN SHEEP, II. 102. XVII. 258.

ROCHEFOUCAULD, Duc de la, French RoCQUANCOURT, France, Aqueduct of, Thomas William, dramatist, xx. writer, XIV. 317, 867; 1X. 663.

II. 222. ROCHELLE, La, town, France, xx. 612; ROCROI, town, France, xx. 616; battle William, Scottish historian, xx. siege of (1627), IV.419; IX. 568; synod of (1643), IX. 571. 599; his place in English literature, of (1671), XIX. 694.

RODA, town, Germany, XXI. 347. VIII. 431.

SALT, XXIII. 69.

RODBERTUS, Karl Johann, German ROBERVAL, Gilles Personne de, French ROCHERS, Les, chateau, Brittany, France, socialist, XX. 616; XXII. 206, mathematician, xx. 601; his method XXI. 705; XXIV. 263.

218. of tangents, XIII. 8.

Roches, Peter des, bishop of Winchester, RODENTIA, or Rodents, order of MamROBESPIERRE, Maximilien Marie Isi XI. 658.

malia, XV. 415. dore, French Revolutionist, xx. 601; ROCHESTER, town, England, xx. 613. RODERICK, Gothic king, XXII. 309. IX. 602, 607; his relations with Napo , town, New York, U.S.A., XX. 614. RANDOM, Smollett's novel, XXII. leon, xvII. 195.

Earl of, poet, XX. 614.

184. ROBIGALIA, Roman festival, xv. 570.

KEEP, Kent, England, v. 198. RODÉRIQUE, Jean Ignace de, Cologne ROBIN, bird, xx. 314; IX. 142; Aus ROCHE-SUR-YON, La, town, France, gazetteer, XVII. 428. tralian, xxiv. 537.

XX. 615.

RODEZ, town, France, xx. 617. of Redesdale, Rising of, in England ROCHET, episcopal dress, VI. 463. RODGERS, John, American naval officer, (1469), XVIII. 94.

ROCHON, Alexis Marie, his micrometer, XXIII. 760. ROBINE CANAL, Narbonne, France,

XVI. 252.

RODGER'S ANCHOR, 11. 6. XVII. 229.

Rock, or Distaff, for spinning, xiv. RODMAR, in the Nibelungenlied, xvII. ROBINET, Jean Baptiste René, on evolu 664.

474. tion, viII. 760.

ROCKAWAY BEACH, Long Island, New RODNEY, Lord, English admiral, xx. Robin GOODFELLOW, woodland spirit, York, U.S.A., XIV. 866.

617. XX. 606.

Rock-BORING MACHINES, III. 808; RODOMNA (Roanne), ancient town, Robin HOOD, XX. 605, 658, 660; XVII. XVI. 444, 446.

France, XX. 588. 599.

ROCKBRIDGE ALUM SPRINGS, Virginia, RODOMUM (Rouen)ancient town, ROBINIA, tree, II. 318.

U.S.A., XVI. 436.

France, XXI. 12. Robin REDBREAST, or Robin, XX. 314; | ROCK-Cook, fish, xxiv. 686.

RODOSTO, town, Turkey in Europe, xx. III. 765. ROCK CORK, mineral, xvi. 418.

618. ROBINS, Benjamin, English natural ROCK-CRYSTAL, mineral, XVI. 389. RODRIGO DIAZ DE BIVAR (the Cid),

philosopher, XX. 607; inventor of bal- ROCK-CUT TEMPLES, of India, II. 394. Spanish hero, v. 773; XXII. 315. listic pendulum, XI. 297; on rifled ROCK-Dove, bird, vil. 379.

RODRIGUEZ, island, Indian Ocean, xx. cannon, II. 557.

ROCKET, in pyrotechny, xx. 136; ap 618; xv. 642; solitaire of, bird, iii. ROBINSON, Anastasia, countess of Peter paratus for shipwreck rescue, XIV. 572; 722. borough, XVIII. 701. military, 1. 745; 11. 661.

of Toledo, Spanish chronicler, XXII. Dr, on wind gauges, II. 25.

R. Stephenson's locomotive engine,

354. Edward, American Biblical scholar,

Pedro, Spanish economist, xix. xx. 607.

ROCKFLEET CASTLE, Mayo, Ireland, xv. 363. John, English Independent, xx. 651.

Roe, of fish, xii. 660. 608; XII. 725.

ROCKFORD, town, Illinois, U.S.A., XX. Muckle, island, Shetland, Scotland, John Thomas Romney, Irish astro 615.

XVII. 846. nomer, XX. 608.

ROCKHAMPTON, town, Queensland, xx. - Nathaniel, English logarithmist, CRUSOE (Alexander Selkirk), XXI. 615

XIV. 775. 639. ROCK-HOPPER, bird, xvill. 492.

Sir Thomas English political CRUSOE, Defoe's work, VII. 28. ROCKINGHAM, Second Marquis of, agent, XX. 619.

CRUSOE'S ISLAND, XIII. 758. English statesman, XX. 615; VIII. 358; ROEBLING, John Augustus, American ROBISON, John, his magnetic researches,

XIX. 137

engineer, xx. 619. XV. 237; his connexion with the En- Rock ISLAND, town, Illinois, U.S.A., ROEBUCK, John, founder of Carron ironcyclopædia Britannica, viii. 200, 201. XX. 616.

works, Scotland, xxiv. 413.

XX. 225.

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