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X. 534.

RAMILLIES, Belgium, Battle of (1706), | RANA BAHADUR, king of Nepal, xvii. | RAOUX, Jean, French painter, XX. III. 126; 1x. 582; XV. 554. 344.

273. RAMIRO I.-III., kings of Leon, XXII. RANAPUR, or Ranpur, state, India, XX. RAPANUI, island, South Pacific, XX. 273. 311.

272.

RAPE, crime, xv. 780.
RAMIZ, river, Peru, XVIII. 673.
RANAU, lake, Sumatra, XXII. 638.

plant, 1. 383; XX. 273. RAMLER, Karl Wilhelm, German poet, RANAVALONA I.-II., queens of Mada CAKE, XVII. 744; as manure, I.

gascar, XV. 174.

349. RAMMELSBERGITE, mineral, xvi. 391. RANCÉ, Armand Jean le Bouthillier de, OF GANYMEDE, Greek sculpture, RAMMOHUN Roy, or Ram Mohan Rai, reformer of Trappists, XXIII. 523.

XIV. 454. founder of Brahma Somaj, India, iv. RANDELL, Mr, his experiments with OF THE LOCK, Pope's poem, XIX. 200; XXI. 34. burnt clay as manure, I. 352.

484. RAMNA, teak forest, India, XXI. 146. RANDERS, town, Denmark, XX. 271.

OF THE SABINES, VIII. 619.
RAMNAD, town, India, XV. 192.
RANDOLPH, earl of Moray, XXI. 489.

OIL, XX. 273; XVII. 744.
RAMNES, early Roman tribe, xx. 732.

Edmund, American politician, RAPHAEL, the angel, xx. 274. RAMO-CHHE, or Ra Mochay, Buddhist XXIII. 748.

(Raphael Sanzio), Italian painter, temple, Lhasa, Tibet, xiv. 228, 499.

John, American statesman, XX. XX. 274; as architect, II. 438; cartoons RAMOLINO, Letitia, mother of Napoleon 271.

of, v. 165; as fresco painter, ix. 774; I., XVII. 192.

Thomas, English poet, XX. 271. his connexion with Marcantonio, xv. RAMON DE LA CRUZ, Spanish drama- RANDON, Jacques Louis C. A., French 531. tist, XXII. 361.

general, 1. 569.

RAPHAEL'S BIBLE, series of paintings, RAMORANTIN, town, France, xiv. 8o9. RANDSFJORD, lake, Norway, XVII. 576.

XIX. 113. RAMPART, in fortification, IX. 422. R "NBURG, town, Russia, xxi. 116. RAPHELENGIUS (Francis van RavelRAMPHASTES, genus of birds, xxIII.

Alexander Rizos, modern inghen), Flemish printer, xix. 177. 477Greek poet, XI. 152.

RAPIER, sword, ix. 69; XXII. 802. RAMPION, vegetable, XII. 287. RANGE, of guns, XI. 301.

RAPIN, Paul de, French historian of RAMPUR, state, India, XX. 266; town, of voice, XXIV. 275.

England, XX. 283. XX. 266; XXII. 78.

Close, fireplace, XXII. 579.

RAPOPORT, Solomon Juda, Jewish BEAULEAH, town, India, xx. Lough, Killarney, xiv. 76.

writer, XIII. 682. 261.

RANGEFINDER, in gunnery, XXIII. 126. RAPPEE, snuff, XXIII. 427. RAMRI, island, Burmah, xiv. 162. RANGELY, lake, Maine, U.S.A., XV. RAPPERSWYL, town, Switzerland, XXI. RAMSAY, Allan (1686–1758), Scottish 298.

169. poet, XX. 266; XVIII. 347; his collec- RANGKUL, lake, Central Asia, xvIII. RAPTI, river, India, xvII. 572. tion of ballads, III. 283.

103

RAQUETS (Rackets), game, XX. 209. Allan (1713-1784), Scottish por- RANGOON Town, district, British Bur- | RARATONGA, island, South Pacific, vi. trait-painter, XX. 267. mah, xx. 271; town, XX. 272.

331; Williams's mission to, xxiv. 586. Andrew Michael (Chevalier Ram- RANGPUR, district and town, India, XX. RARITAN, river, New Jersey, U.S.A., say), French writer, xx. 267. 272.

XVII. 396. David, American historian, XX. RANIERI, Antonio, Neapolitan writer, RASGRAD, town, Bulgaria, XX. 283. 267.

XIV. 465.

RASHBA, Jewish rabbins, xx. 283. John, penman of Barbour's Bruce, RANIGANJ, coalfield in Bardwan, India, RASHBAM, Jewish Talmudist, XX. 283. III. 366.

III. 371, 568; XII. 737.

RASHI, Jewish rabbi, xx. 284. William, on the chemistry of RANJIT SINGH, Sikh ruler, India, Xiv. RASHID BILLAH, caliph, XVI. 588. smells, XXII. 167.

215; XX. III.

RASHT, town, Persia, xx. 285; XVIII. RAMSDEN, Jesse, English philosophical RANK, Order of, xix. 660 ; titles of, 628. instrument maker, xx. 267; his elec XXIII. 417

RASK, Rasmus Christian, Danish philotric machine, VIII. 100; his graduating RANKE, Leopold, German historian, X. logist, XX. 286; VII. 93; XI. 200; XXI. machine, XI. 29. 544; as church historian, v. 766.

368. RAMSES I., Egyptian king, vii. 738. RANKEN, W. H. L., on the geology and RASKOLNIKS, Russian Nonconformists, II., Egyptian king, vil. 739; XXI. climate of Australia, III. 107, 109.

XVII. 504; XXI. 81, 105. 693; temple of, vii. 779.

RANKIN, Thomas, American Methodist, RASOHERINA, queen of Madagascar, RAMSEY, town, Isle of Man, XV. 453.

XVI. 191.

XV. 174. RAMSGATE, town, England, xx. 268. RANKINE, William John Macquorn, RASORI, Giovanni, Italian physician, RAMUS, Jonas, Norwegian writer, xvII. Scottish writer on engineering, XX. XV. 814. 590.

272; on steam power, XXII. 478, 482; RASP, coarse file, ix. 160. Peter, French logician, xx. 268; on velocity of sound, 1. 103.

RASPBERRY, plant and fruit, XIII. 276. XIV. 791, 803; his logical system, xiv. RANNOCH, Loch, Scotland, xiv. 217; RASPE, Henry, landgrave of Thuringia, 803.

XVIII. 666.
RAMUSIO, family of Italian savants, | RANOCCHIA, stone, XXI. 682.

Rudolf Erich, author of Mun-
XX. 269.
RANPUR, state, India, XX. 272.

chausen, XVII. 23. Gian Battista, Italian geographer, RANSOME'S CONCRETE STONE, VI. 243. RASSE, carnivorous mammal, v. 797; XV. XX. 269; biographer of Marco Polo, RANUCI, Rolando (Pope Alexander III.), 436. XIX. 406.

I. 486.

RASSELAS, by Johnson, XIII. 724. RAN, or Runn, morass, Cutch, India, RANUNCULUS, plant, xx. 272; XII. 252, RASTALL, John, English printer, XX.

259.

287. RANA, Indian title, VII. 147.

RANZANI, Camillo, on birds, XVIII. 14. RASTATT, or Rastadt, town, Germany, > genus of Amphibia, I. 753, 764; RAOUL ROCHETTE, Désiré, French XX. 286; congress of (1797), III. 131;

archæologist, XX. 273.

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X. 491.

VI. 730.

IX. 795

VI. 270.

I 20.

IV. 419.

RASTELL, John, English printer and RAUMA, river, Norway, XVII. 575. French writer, xx. 302; IX. 668; as writer, XX. 287.

RAUMER, Friedrich Ludwig Georg von, journalist, XVII. 424.
John, English Jesuit, xx. 287. German historian, XX. 294.

RAYS, of light, xiv. 578; optical proWilliam, English printer and RAUPACH, Ernst Benjamin Salomo, perties of, XVII. 798. judge, XX. 287.

German dramatist, XX. 295.

Razin, Stenka, Russian rebel, xxi. 96. RASTISLAUS, Moravian chief, x. 480; RAVAILLAC, François, assassin of Henry Razor, in cutlery, Vi. 734; hone for, XVI. 811. IV. of France, XX. 295; IX. 566.

XII. 134. RASTRICK, town, England, xx. 287. RAVELIN, in fortification, IX. 445. RAZOR-BACK, cetacean mammal, xv. RASZYN, Poland, Battle of (1809), xxiv. RAVELLO, Italy, Sculpture in cathedral 395. 376.

of, xxi. 567.

RAZORBILL, bird, xx. 302; X. 78; XXII. RAT, rodent mammal, xx. 287; XV.419; RAVEN, bird, XX. 295. XVII. 5; water-rat, XXIV. 277.

RAVENNA, town, Italy, xx. 296; as RAZOUMOFFSKIN, mineral, XVI. 424. RATAFIA, essence, xx. 288; as liqueur, Gothic capital of Italy, XIII. 467 ; Razzi, Giannantonio (Sodoma), Italian v. 586; xiv. 686.

battle of (1512), XIII. 481; XIV. 450; painter, XXII. 245. RATAK, island, Pacific Ocean, XVI. 257. basilicas of, 111. 415, 418; mosaics of, RBAT (Rabat), town, Morocco, XX. 192; RATAN, cane, iv. 805.

XVI. 852; sculptures at, xxi. 556; XVI. 831. RATE, of time or space, XV. 748.

round tower of, XXI. 22.

RÉ, Isle of, France, xx. 302; battle of, RATEL, carnivorous mammal, xx. 288; RAVENSARA NUT, XVII. 665. XV. 440.

RAVENSBURG, town, Würtemberg, Ger- READE, Charles, English novelist, xx. RATHENOW, town, Prussia, xx. 288. many, XX. 297; population, XXIV. 302. RATHKE, Martin Heinrich, German 701.

READING, town, England, xx. 303. anatomist and physiologist, xxiv. 808. RAVENSHAW, J. A., on the rv: if

town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., xx. RATHKEALE, town, Ireland, xiv. 649. Gaur, India, X. 115.

304. RATHLIN, island, Ireland, 11. 142; XIII. RAVENSWOOD, Queensland, Silver mines CLAY BEDs, in geology, X. 361. 216. at, XX. 173.

READING-ROOMs, in libraries, XIV. RATIBOR, town, Prussia, xx. 288. Ravi, river, Punjab, India, xx. 107. 537 RATICHIUS (Wolfgang Ratke), German RAVICZ (Rawitsch), town, Prussia, xx. READINGS, in law studies, XIII. 88. educationist, VII. 673.

298.

REALEJO, town, Nicaragua, xx. 304; RATIO, in geometry, X. 382, 390. RAWAL PINDI, district and town, India,

XVII. 477. RATIONALISM, theological tendency, XX. XX. 298.

REAL ESTATE, in law, xx. 304; dis289; in Germany, II. 192.

RAWANDIS, Persian sectaries, XVI. 579. position of, by will, xxiv. 571, 573; RATISBON, town, Bavaria, XX. 291; RAWDON, Francis, marquis of Hastings, inheritance of, XIII. 78; sale of, XXI. libraries of, XIV. 527, 547; conference XI. 516.

206. of (1541), v. 415.

RAWITSCH, town, Prussia, xx. 298. REALGAR, mineral, 11. 635; XVI. 394 ; RATITÆ, class of birds, III. 699; XVIII. RAWLEY SPRINGS, Virginia, U.S.A., yellow, XVIII. 51. 19.

XVI.

REAL-GENETIC METHOD, in theology, RATKE, Wolfgang, German educationist, RAWLINS, town, Wyoming, U.S.A., Beck's, VII. 337. VII. 673.

XXIV. 713.

REALI DI FRANCIA, romance, xx. 651. RATLAM, state, India, XX. 292.

RAWMARSH, town, England, xx. 298. REALISM, Scholastic, XXI. 419, 423. RATNAGIRI, district and town, India, RAWTENSTALL, town, England, XX. REALITY, in psychology, xx. 55; in

298.

metaphysic, xvi. 81; in Hegelianism, RATON, mountains, New Mexico, U.S.A., RAWUL PINDEE (Rawal Pindi), district XI. 618. XVII. 399.

and town, India, xx. 298.

REAMER, mining implement, XVI. 443. RATRAMN, treatise by Erigena, VIII. 371. RAY, fish, xx. 299; XII. 686.

REAPING-HOOK, XXI. 574. RATRAMNUS, theological controversial John, English naturalist, XX. 300; REAPING-MACHINE, I. 322. ist, XX. 292.

XVI. 838; on birds, XVIII. 4; as REASON, in relation to the Logos, XIV. RAT SNAKE, XXII. 194.

botanist, iv. 79; as ichthyologist, XII. 804; to religious truth, XXIII. 263; 11. RATTAZZI, Urbano, Italian statesman, 631; on reptiles, xx. 433; his con 232; Condillac's theory of, vi. 250; in XX. 292; XIII. 488, 491.

tributions to zoology, xxiv. 804. Comte's philosophy, VI. 236; Cousin RATTLESNAKE, XX. 293; XXII. 198. RAYATS, or Ryots, class of agriculturists, on, VI. 525; Kant's Kritik, XIII. 850; RATTOO, Round tower of, Kerry, Ire India, XII. 770; XV. 289.

Peripatetic theory, xvIII. 545; Scholand, xiv. 52.

RAYLEIGH, Lord, on the theory of penhauer's theory, XXI. 449, 451; RATTRAY, town, Scotland, xvill. 667. spectroscopy, XXII. 374.

Stoic doctrine, XXII. 566, 568. RATUMA (Rouen), ancient town, France, RAYMOND IV., count of Toulouse, REASONABLENESS OF CHRISTIANITY, XXI. 12.

crusader, Vi. 624; IX. 538; XXIII. Locke's work, xiv. 757. RAU, Karl Heinrich, German political 486.

REASONING, Logical, xiv. 783; Locke economist, XX. 293; XIX. 387.

VI., count of Toulouse, defender on, XIV. 760. RAUCH, Christian Daniel, German of the Albigenses, I. 454; IX. 541; | REATE, Sabine town, Italy, XXI. 129. sculptor, XX. 294; XXI. 566.

XIV. 288; XXIII. 486.

REATINES, Italian people, XX. 552. RAU-CROIX (Rocroi), town, France, xx. III., count of Tripoli, XXIII. RÉAUMUR, René Antoine Ferchault de, 616. 161.

French physicist, xx. 308; his therRAUDEN, district, Switzerland, XXI. of Sabunde, theologian, xx. 301. mometric scale, XXIII. 289. 386.

Henry J., American journalist, REBATE, in law, 1. 5. RAUDII CAMPI, Italy, Battlefields of

XVII. 435.

REBEC, musical instrument, XXIV. 242. (218 and 101 B.C.), XXIV. 164.

DU PUY, master of the Knights REBECCA AND ROWENA, Thackeray's RAUHE ALB, mountains, Würtemberg, Hospitallers, XXI. 174.

burlesque, XXIII. 215. XXIV. 699.

RAYNAL, Guillaume Thomas François, | REBECCA Riots, Wales, V. 115.

XX. 292.

AND

IN

REBER, Balthasar, Swiss poet, XXII. 799. RED INDIAN LAKE, Newfoundland, | REFLEXION, of sound, 1. 106.
REBIA, Arab tribe, Mesopotamia, XVI. 48. XVII. 382.

REFORM, Parliamentary, early advocacy REBUS, XX. 308.

RED INDIANS, or American Indians, of, v. 166. RÉCAMIER, Madame, French society XII. 822, 830; distribution of, 1. 685. Acts, English, XI. 191; VIII. 365, leader, XX. 309.

REDJANGERS, tribe, Sumatra, XXII. 640. 367; XVIII. 309; XXI. 64; XXIII. 727. RECANATI, town, Italy, xx. 309. RED LAKE, Minnesota, U.S.A., XVI. 476. REFORMATION, The Protestant, XX. RECARED, first Catholic king of Spain, | REDONDELA, town, Spain, XIX. 455. 319; V. 415; its influence on Biblical XXII. 308.

REDONDILHAS, in Portuguese literature, interpretation, XI. 747; on education, RECHABITES, of Scripture, xx. 309; XIX. 556.

VII. 672; on ethics, VIII. 595; in relaXIII. 407.

REDONES, Latin tribe in Gaul, xx. 401. tion to question of inspiration of modern temperance benefit socie- REDOUBT, in fortification, IX. 434, 438. Scripture, XIII. 156; influence of the ties, XXIII. 159.

RED RIVER, Canada, XVI. 475; XX. 315. mystics on, XVII. 134; its effect on the RECHNA DOAB, district, India, XVI. 789; RED River, affluent of the Mississippi, popedom, xix. 504; in relation to the XX. 107

U.S.A., XX. 315; XVI. 518; in Texas, Renaissance, Xx. 38I, 388, 395; theoRECIFE, town, Brazil, xvIII. 551.

XXIII, 203

logy of the Reformers, XXIII. 243; in RECIPROCALS, Tables of, xxIII. 8. RED RIVER, of Tong-King, xx. 315. relation to the council of Trent, XXIII. RECITATIVO, in music, xvi. 86. RED RIVER SETTLEMENT, Canada, XX. 544; Leo X.'s attitude towards, xiv. RECLAIMING OF WASTE LANDS, I. 402. 315.

451; Luther's activity in, xv. 72; RECLUSE, The, Wordsworth's poem, REDRUTH, town, England, xx. 315. Melanchthon's place in, xv. 833; XXIV. 674. REDRUTHITE, mineral, XVI. 391.

Zwingli's, xxiv. 832, 833; in England, RECOARO, spa, Italy, XVI. 434.

RED SEA, XX. 316; pearl fisheries of VIII. 325, 332; XI. 664; in France, IX. RECOGNIZANCE, in law, xx. 309.

the, xvIII. 447; Israel's passage of, 558; in Germany, x. 497; in Ireland, RECONCILIATION, in theology, XI. 734.

XIII. 399.

XIII. 263; in Poland, xix. 291, 301; RECONNAISSANCE, Geographical, in sur REDSHANK, bird, xx. 317.

in Scotland, xiv. 132; XXI. 497, 499, veying, XXII. 712.

RED SPIDER, mite, II. 276; XVI. 529. 501; in Sweden, XXII. 747; in SwitzMilitary, xxiv. 363. REDSTART, bird, xx. 317.

erland, XXII. 794 RECORDE, Robert, English mathemati- | REDUCTIO AD ABSURDUM, in logic, 1. REFORMATORY

INDUSTRIAL cian, xx. 310; on algebra, l. 514. 59.

SCHOOLS, XX. 338; XIX. 753, 757. RECORDER, English judicial officer, vi. REDUCTION, in arithmetic, II. 534. REFORM BILL. See Reform Acts. 516.

REDUT-KALE, town, Transcaucasia, REFORMED CHURCHES, XX. 339; X. flute, IX. 350. Russia, XXIII. 514.

469; XIX. 676, 698. of speed in steam engine, XXII. REDWING, bird, xx. 318.

REFORMED CHURCH

AMERICA, 509.

RED-WING, town, Minnesota, U.S.A., (DUTCH), XX. 339; XIX. 698. RECORDS, Public, of England, xx. 310.

XX. 319.

REFRACTING TELESCOPE, XXIII. 139, RECTIFICATION OF THE CIRCLE, XXII. REDWOOD, tree, xxi. 673.

148. 433. REED, plant, xx. 319.

REFRACTION, of light, xiv. 577, 589, RECTOR, of an English parish, XVIII. in musical instruments, xl. 483; 605; atmospheric, II. 769; conical, 296, 327. XVII. 705, 828.

XXIV. 450; double, xiv. 609; XXIV. in universities, XXIII. 833, 835. REED-MACE, plant, xx. 319.

445, 448; elimination of, in surveying, RECTUM, Anatomy of the, VII. 228. REED-PHEASANT, bird, xxIII. 419. XXII. 699; optical laws of, xvII. 798, RECULET, mountain, Switzerland, xiii. REED-WREN, bird, XXIV. 366.

801; in crystals, VI. 672; XVI. 373. 781.

REEF, Coral, vi. 377; XVIII. 128; xix. of sound, 1. 106. RECUPERATIO, in Roman law, xx. 686. 420, 421.

REFRACTOR, Cylindric, for lighthouses, RECURVIROSTRA, genus of birds, xxII. REEFING, of sails, XXI. 599.

XIV. 619. 552. REEL, Scotch, dance, Vi. 801.

REFRANGIBILITY OF LIGHT, Newton RED, Pigments of, xix. 87. REELER, bird, xxiv. 367.

on, XVII. 440. REDAK (Rabbi David Kimhi), Jewish | REES, Abraham, his Cyclopædia, viii. REFRIGERATED PRESERVED FOOD, grammarian, xiv. 77. 196.

XIX. 709. REDAN, in fortification, IX. 434, 437. REESE, river, Nevada, U.S.A., XVII. 367. REFRIGERATOR MACHINES, XII. 612. REDBIRD, Summer, bird, XXIII. 45. REEVE, female of ruff, bird, xxi. 54. REGALIA, of England and Scotland, xx. REDBREAST, bird, xx. 314; migration Clara, English romance writer, 340; British sceptres, XXI. 385. of, 111. 765.

REGALITY, Burghs of, Scotland, iv. 63. RED CEDAR, tree, XIII. 774.

John, Muggletonian leader, XVII. REGATTAS, boating contests, XXI. 30. RED CLAY DEPOSITS, of Pacific Ocean,

REGENCY ADMINISTRATION, XX. 340. XVIII. 123.

REFECTORY, in architecture, 11. 471. REGENSBURG (Ratisbon, q.v.), town, RED COLOURS, in dyeing, VII. 574. REFEREE, in law, xx. 319.

Bavaria, XX. 291. RED CROSS KNIGHTS, Templars (q.v.), REFERENCES, Judicial, 11. 312.

REGENT, Position of, as administrator,
XXIII. 160.
REFERENDUM, Swiss electoral law,

XX. 340.
RED DEER, VII. 23.
XXII. 796; XXIV. 207.

university officer, XXIII. 835. REDDINGITE, mineral, XVI. 405. REFINING, of sugar, XXII. 627.

REGENT'S PARK, London, XIV. 824. REDDITCH, town, England, xx. 315. REFLECTING TELESCOPE, XXIII. 145. REGGIO, province, Italy, iv. 651. REDEMPTIONISTS, Order of, 1x. 66; xiv. REFLECTOR, Lighthouse, xiv. 618.

Duke of (Oudinot), French mar635.

REFLEXION, Locke's use of the term, shal, xvIII. 73. REDEMPTUS (J. A. Baranzano), Italian XIV. 758.

DI CALABRIA, town, Italy, xx. scientist, III. 358.

of light, xiv. 577, 586, 604; XXIV. 341. RED-EYE, fish, XXI. 49.

456, 457; laws of, xvII. 798; Newton NELL Emilia, town, Italy, xx. RED GUM, skin disease, XXII. 122.

on, XVII. 440.

341; university of, xxIII. 836.

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XX. 319.

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XI. 243

REGIA, building, Rome, xx. 819. REICHSTADT, Duke of (Napoleon II.), RELAND, Adrian, Dutch Orientalist, REGICIDE, The, Smollett's play, XXII. XVII. 226.

XX. 355. 184.

REICHSTAG, German imperial parlia- RELAPSE, The, Vanbrugh's play, xxiv. REGINALD DALTON, Lockhart's novel, ment, VII. 199; X. 463.

54 XIV. 763.

, Hungarian parliament, III. 122. RELAPSING FEVER, XXIII. 680; XVIII. REGIOMONTANUS, German astronomer, Reid, Mayne, Irish-American story 403. xx. 341; 11. 751; XVII. 709; his writer, XX. 349.

RELATIVITY, of knowledge, 1. 58; psyalmanacs, 591; his contributions to Thomas, Scottish philosopher, xx. chological law of, XX. 49. trigonometry, XXIII. 562.

350; his ethics, VIII. 604; on taste and RELEVANCY, in law, VIII. 738. REGIONES, of ancient Rome, xx. 832. beauty, l. 221; his place in English Relics, Religious, XX. 355; pilgrimages REGIS, Pierre Sylvain, Cartesian philo literature, VIII. 432.

connected with, XIX. 95. sopher, vii. 127.

Sir William, Scottish scientist, XX. RELIEF, in sculpture, IX. 205; XVII. 34; REGISTER, in law, xx. 342.

352.

XXI. 571.
REGISTERED LETTERS, XIX. 570. REIFTRÄGER, mountain, Germany, XX. Photographic, xviii. 834.
REGISTER TONNAGE, XXIII. 442.
552.

CHURCH, Scotland, X. 599; XIX. REGISTRATION, in law, xx. 342. REIGATE, town, England, xx. 352. 685; XXIII. 728. REGIUM (Reggio di Calabria), ancient REIGN OF TERROR, of French Revolu- RELIGIO MEDICI, Sir Thomas Browne's town, Italy, xx. 341. tion, ix. 606; xx. 603.

work, iv. 390. LEPIDI (Reggio nell'Emilia), REIMARUS, Hermann Samuel, German RELIGION, RELIGIONS, XX. 358; as ancient town, Italy, XX. 341.

theologian and philosopher, XX. 352, object of scientific study, VII. 333; REGNARD, Jean François, French dra 290; XIV. 481.

XXIII. 262, 272; origin of, vill. 622; matist, XX. 346; VII. 426.

REIMS, or Rheims (q.v.), town, France, in relation to evolution, VIII. 766; to REGNAULT, Henri, French painter, XX.

XX. 507.

metaphysics, xvi. 99; to mythology, 346.

REINALD I.-IV., dukes of Guelderland, XVII. 136; to mysticism, XVII. 129; to Henri Victor, French chemist, XX.

rationalism, xx. 289; to socialism, 347; his law of gases, XXII. 480; his REINARDUS ET YSENGRINUS, medieval XXII. 219; to totemism, XXIII. 467, experiments on temperature, III. 385. poem, viII. 838.

474; ancient, XXIII. 235; of Israel, Jean Baptiste, French painter, XX. REINAUD, Joseph Toussaint, French

XIII. 409, 416, 419; modern theistic 347. Orientalist, XX. 353.

problems, XXIII. 245; sacrificial, xxi. - DE MONTAUBAN, romance, XX. REINDEER, ungulate mammal, vii. 24; 132 ; Stoic doctrine of, XXII. 569; 652.

of Newfoundland, XVII. 383; of Nor Zoroastrian, XXIV. 822; Hegel's theory REGNIER, Mathurin, French satirist and way, XVII. 581; of Spitzbergen, XXII. of, xi. 621; Herder on, XI. 729; Lord poet, XX. 347; IX. 651.

409; extinction of, in Western Europe, Herbert's works on, XI. 722. REGNITZHOF, town, Bavaria, XII. 43. II. 336; Lapp method of collecting Natural, Hume's Dialogues on, REGNO, The, of Italy, XIII. 469.

them, XIV. 305.

XII. 355. REGULARS, Congregation of, Church of Moss, XIV. 560.

OF NATURE, Wollaston's, XXIV. Rome, xx. 629.

REINEKE Vos (or Fuchs) (Reynard the 633. REGULINE ORE, XVI. 58; silver, XXII. Fox), German beast-epic, viii. 838; X. OF PROTESTANTS, by Chilling69.

522, 527; XXI. 319; Goethe's version worth, v. 625. REGULUS, genus of birds, xiv. 82. of, x. 741; Kaulbach's illustrations of, RELIGIOUS TESTS, XXIII. 199. of metals, xvi. 61. XIV. 17.

RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY, XXIII. Marcus Atilius, Roman consul, REINE MARGOT (Marguerite de Valois), 494. xx. 348.

XV. 539.

RELKOVIC, Matthias Anthony, Servian REHEARSAL, The, Buckingham's bur. REINHOLD, Karl Leonhard, German satirist, XXI. 691. lesque, VII. 435.

philosopher, xx. 353.

RELLY, James, American Universalist, TRANSPROSED, The, Marvel's REINITE, mineral,

VI. 403

XXIII. 831. satire, xv. 589.

REINKENS, Joseph Hubert, Old Catholic | REMAINDER, in law, xx. 372. REHME, spa, Germany, XVI. 434.

bishop, XVII. 755.

REMAK, Robert, his embryological inREHOBOAM, king of Judah, XIII. 406. Reis, Philip, telephonic inventor, XXIII. vestigations, VIII. 167. REICHA, Anton Joseph, Bohemian 127, 128, 130.

REMBANG, town, Java, XIII. 606. musical writer and composer, XX. 348. REISCH, George, his Margarita Philo- REMBRANDT (Rembrandt Harmens van REICHENAU, islet, Lake of Constance, sophica, viii. 193.

Rijn), Dutch painter, xx. 373; XXI. Baden, xx. 349; library of, xiv. 513. REISKE, Johann Jacob, German, Greek, 439. REICHENBACH, town, Prussia, xx. 349;

and Arabic scholar, XX. 354.

REMEDIES, Theory of, in medicine, xv. battle of (1762), III. 129. REISSITE, mineral, XVI. 422.

796. town, Saxony, XX. 349.

REITHRODON, genus of rodent mammals, REMEDIUS(Remigius), bishop of Rheims, waterfall, Switzerland, xxII. 777. XVII. 6.

xx. 378; IX. 528; XXI. 420. Baron von, German magnetizer, REJ, Polish poet, XIX. 300.

REMEDY, in coining, XVI. 482, 484. XV. 278.

REJAF, village, on Nile, Africa, xvii. REMEMBRANCE, Hamilton's theory of, Georg von, German astronomical 506.

II. 731. instrument-maker, XX. 349.

REJANG, river, Borneo, XXI. 306. REMI, St (Remigius), bishop of Rheims, H. G. L., on birds, XVIII. 13, 17. REJECTED ADDRESSES, James and XX. 378; IX. 528; XXI. 420. REICHENBERG, town, Bavaria, XX. 349. Horace Smith's parodies, XXII. 173. REMIGIUS, St, bishop of Rheims, xx. REICHENHALL, watering-place, Bavaria, REKEM (Petra), ancient town, Syria, 378; IX. 528; as scholastic philoXX. 349; mineral water of, xvi. 434. XVIII. 706.

sopher, XXI. 420. REICHSRATH, Austrian imperial parlia- REKISVINTH, Gothic king, his code of REMIJIA, genus of plants, XX. 186. ment, ill. 122.

laws, X. 851.

REMIREMONT, town, France, xx. 379.

XXV. – 47

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REMONSTRANTS, party of Dutch Pro Richard Jones's theory, XIX.“ 377; | REREDOS, in architecture, 11. 471; testants, xx. 379; II. 552; XII. 78. Ricardo's theory, xix. 374; XX. 533; position of, 1. 641.

in Scottish history, XXI. 514. Adam Smith on, xix. 367; ground RESBY, James, Scottish martyr, XXI. REMONTOIRE, clock, VI. 27.

rent, XX. 403.

491. REMSCHEID, town, Rhenish Prussia, RENT CHARGE, on land, England, xiv. RESCHT (Rasht), town, Persia, XX. 285; XX. 379. 275.

XVIII. 628. REMUS, brother of Romulus, XX. 840. RENWICK, James, Scottish martyr, XXI. RESCRIPTS, Imperial, in Roman law, RÉMUSAT, Abel, French Chinese scholar, 517.

XX. 705. XX. 379.

REPEATING WATCH, XXIV. 397. RESEDA, genus of plants, XVI. 289. Charles François Marie, Comte de, REPHAIM, of Scripture, I. 747; III. RESENDE, André de, Portuguese scholar, French politician and man of letters, 410.

XIX. 557 XX. 379.

REPLEVIN, in law, xx. 404; writ of, Garcia de, Portuguese writer, XIX. Claire Elizabeth J. G., French XXIV. 695.

556. writer, XX. 379.

REPORTING, Newspaper, XX. 404; short RESERVATION, Mental, in Liguorianism, Paul de, French writer, XX. 380. hand, XXI. 841.

XIV. 638. RENAISSANCE, XX. 380; in architecture, REPOUSSÉ, metal-work, xvi. 72; xix. RESERVATIONS, Indian, XII. 830, 833. II. 436; relations of, to Catholicism, 179; Japanese, XIII. 591.

RESERVE, Naval, of Great Britain, XVII. XIV. 451; coins of, XVII. 654; its effect | REPRESENTATION, Parliamentary, Brit 296. on Italian literature, XIII. 506; Latin ish, xx. 344.

RESERVES, of British army, II. 581. ity of, xiv. 342; its influence on the REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT, XI. RESERVOIR, for water-supply, XII. 479; Reformation, xx. 323; its influence 12; XVIII. 302; John Stuart Mill's

XXIV. 405. in R me, xx, 805; theism of, xxIII. treatise on, XVI. 313.

RESETTING, in law, XXIII. 233. 243; Petrarch's place in, XVIII. 709. REPRESENTATIVES, House of, United RESHAL, Jewish rabbi, xx. 473. RENAIX, town, Belgium, xx. 394.

States, XXIII. 749.

RESHID, Ottoman writer, XXIII. 657. RENAL Colic, disease, vi. 140.

REPRODUCTION, Animal, XX. 407; III. PASHA, Turkish minister, XXIII. RENAN, Ernest, his view of Christ, II. 686; theories of, xxi. 723; of Crus 651. 191; XIII. 670, 672.

tacea, VI. 642; of Mollusca, XVI. 682; RESIDUAL ANALYSIS, Landen's theorem RENATO, Camillo, Italian mystic, xxII. of Protozoa, xix. 836; of sponges, of, XIV. 271. 228.

XXII. 424.

RESILIENCE, of matter, VII. 808; XXII. RENAUDIE, Godefroi de Barri, Seigneur Vegetable, XX. 423; IV. 119;

602. de la, French conspirator, ix. 560. arrest of growth by, XXIV. 84; of RESIN, RESINS, XX. 474; IV. 88; XI. RÉNAUDOT, Eusébe, French theologian Diatomaceæ, vii. 170; of Fungi, ix. 276; XVI. 428; copal, vi. 342; dammar, and Orientalist, XX. 394. 829.

VI. 795; frankincense, ix. 709; lac, -Théophraste, French publicist, REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS, their liabi XIV. 181; XXIV. 91; for gas-making, XVII. 412, 423.

lity to disease in obsolescence, XVIII. RENDSBURG, town, Prussia, xx. 394. 383; of animals, XX. 408; of birds, III. RESINA, town, Italy, XX. 474. RENÉ I., duke of Anjou, count of Pro 727; of fishes, xII. 660; of mammals, | RESISTANCE, in mechanics, xv. 750.

vence, and king of Naples, xx. 394; XV. 368; of molluscs, XVI. 637, 682; RESOLUTIONERS, of Scottish Church, II. 58; xv. 536; XIX. 878.

of reptiles, xx. 462; in plants, xx. xix. 683; XXI. 514. RENEGADO, Massinger's play, xv. 619. 424. See also Generation.

RESONATOR, Musical, xvII. 105. RENERY, Henri, early Cartesian philo- REPSOLD, Johann Georg, German RESORCIN, derivative of benzol, XVIII. sopher, VII. 119. instrument-maker, XX.

855. RENFREW, county, Scotland, xx. 395; micrometer and heliometers, XVI. 246, RESPIRATION, XX. 474. town, XX. 396.

253; his telescopes, XXIII. 150. RESPIRATOR, for cutlers and firemen, RENI, Guido, Italian painter, XX. 396; | REPTANTIA, section of Mollusca, XVI.

IX. 170. XXI. 437, 443.

648.

RESPIRATORY ORGANS, XX, 475; their RENNEL, island, Solomon group, South REPTILES, or Reptilia, division of connexion with blood circulation, Pacific, XXII. 252.

animal kingdom, xx. 432; analogies XXIV. 102, 108; of Amphibia, 1. 766; RENNELL, James, English geographer, between them and birds, xvIII. 42; of birds, III. 726; of crustaceans, Vi.

XX. 398; his survey of India, X. XXI. 323; mimicry in, XVI. 342; 640; of fishes, XII. 656; of mammals, 188; on the geography of Herodotus, olfactory organs of, xxII. 166; skele XV. 365; of reptiles, XX. 458. I. 245

ton of, XXII. 106; taxidermy of, RESTAUD, Sophie (Sophie Cottin), RENNELL'S CURRENT, in Atlantic, III. XXIII. 90; in Lankester's classifica French writer, VI. 481.

tion, xxiv. 812; works on develop- RESTIF, Nicolas Edme, French writer, RENNES, town, France, XX. 401. ment of, viii. 168.

XX. 486. RENNET, for cheese making, V. 455; VI. REPTON, England, Crypt of church at, RESTIGOUCHE, river, New Brunswick, 771. VI. 668.

XVII. 373. RENNIE, James, on ornithology, xvII. REPUBLIC, ancient Roman, xx. 735. RESTORATION, The, in England, vii.

Plato's treatise, XIX. 203.

348; Monk's share in, XVI. 752; parliaJohn, Scottish engineer and REPUBLICAN, river, Nebraska, U.S.A., ment after, XVIII. 308. architect, XX. 402; his design for XVII. 307.

RESTOUT, Jean, French painter, XX. London Bridge, IV. 334.

PARTY, in United States, xxIII. 487. Sir John, English engineer, xx. 757, 771.

Jean Bernard, French painter, xx. 402. REPUDIATION OF DEBT, National, xvII.

487. RENO, river, Italy, XIII. 436.

245.

RESTRICTION, in psychology, XX. 46. RENT, in law, XX. 402; taxes on, XXIII. REPULSION, in magnetism, XV. 221. RESULTANT TONES, in music, XVII. 87; in relation to value, xxiv. 50; | REQUENA, town, Spain, XX. 473.

93.

X. 100.

432 ; his

20.

15, 18.

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