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PEASE, Cultivation of, 1. 361.

PEDIONOMUS, genus of birds, XX. 147. PEHLEVI, or Pahlavi, language of the PEASEWEEP, bird, xiv. 308.

PEDOMETER, for measuring distance, Zend Avesta, XVIII. 134, 655. PEASTONE, mineral, XVI. 397.

XVIII. 449.

PEIHAI, town, China, XVIII. 141. PEAT, X. 238; as fuel, ix. 808; for blast PEDRO I., king of Aragon, xvIII. 450; PEIHO, river, China, V. 632.

furnaces, XIII. 292; for gas-making, XXII. 317; his relations with Sicily, PEINE FORTE ET DURE, torture, XXIII. X. 101; in Ireland, XIII. 217; charred, XXII. 28.

465. as manure, I. 352.

II., of Aragon, XVIII. 450.

PEIPUS, Lake, Russia, XX. 35; XXI. 73. Sir Robert, lord prior of English III., of Aragon, XVIII. 450; XXII. PEIRCE, Benjamin, American matheKnights of St John, XXI. 175. 322.

matician, XVIII. 468. PEAT-CHARCOAL, V. 399.

IV., of Aragon, xvIII. 450; XXII. PEIRE VIDAL, Provençal poet, XIX. PEAUCELLIER CELL, in mechanics, xv. 323.

874. 698.

Dom, emperor of Brazil, iv. 233. PEKALONGAN, town, Java, XIII. 606. PEBA ARMADILLO, edentate mammal, I., king of Castile and Leon, XVIII. PEKAN, carnivorous mammal, xv. 577. xv. 388. 450; XXII. 320.

PEKEA BUTTER, XVII. 744. PEBBLE, Scotch, I. 277.

I., king of Portugal, XVIII. 451; PEKEA NUT, XVII. 664. PEBRINE, disease of silkworm, XXII.

XIX. 543.

PEKING, or Pekin, capital of China, II., of Portugal, XIX. 549.

XVIII. 469; founding of, by Kublai PECAN NUT, XVII. 664.

III., of Portugal, XIX. 550.

Khan, xiv. 151; formerly Cam baluc, PECAN-TREE, of United States, XXIII. IV., of Portugal, XIX. 552.

IV. 722; newspapers of, xvii. 432; ob808.

V., of Portugal, xix. 553.

servatory, XVII. 716; temple of heaven PECCARY, ungulate mammal, XVIII. 449; PEDUNCLES, Cerebral, xix. 37.

at, 11. 449. XV. 430; XXII. 775.

of plants, IV. 121.

PEKOE TEA, XXIII. 99. PECH, Henrietta, Bohemian poetess, | PEEBLES, county, Scotland, xvIII. 451; PE LA, Chinese insect wax, XXIV. 459. XXII. 152.

area and population, XXI. 528; re PELAGIA, St, of Antioch, xvIII. 470. PECHABURI, town, Siam, XXI. 853; presentation, XXIII. 727; town, xvIII. PELAGIANISM, theological doctrine, XI. river, xxi. 850. 452.

737; XIII. 567; XVIII. 472; xix. 669; PECHELL, John, vice-chancellor of Cam- | PEEKSKILL, town, New York, U.S.A., Augustine's attitude towards, III. 77. bridge university, XVII. 444.

XVIII. 452.

PELAGIUS, early Christian teacher, XVIII. PECHORSKY MONASTERY, Nijni, Russia, PEEL, town, Isle of Man, XV. 453.

471. XVII. 501.

Sir Robert, father of the states I., pope, XVIII. 473; XIX. 493. PECOCK, Reynold, bishop of Chichester, man, XVIII. 453.

II., pope, XVIII. 473. VIII. 411; writer against the Lollards, Sir Robert, British statesman, PELAGONIA (Monastir), plain, Macedonia, XIV. 812.

XVIII. 452 ; vill. 365 ; his financial XV. 136. PECORA, division of Mammalia, xv. 421, reforms, ix. 189; his Bank Act of PELAMIS, genus of snakes, XXII. 197. 430.

1844, III. 323; his Police Act, xix. PELARGOMORPHÆ, group of birds, III. PEcos, river, New Mexico and Texas, 338.

713. U.S.A., XVII. 400; XXIII. 203.

PEELE, George, English poet and drama PELARGONIC ACID, XVII. 731. PECQUET, Jean, French anatomist, I. tist, XVIII. 457; VII. 429; XXI. 762. PELARGONIUM, plant, X. 439; XII. 811. PEELERS, or Police, xix. 339.

263. PECS (Fünfkirchen), town, Hungary, ix. PEERAGE, British, xvIII. 458, 306; VIII. PELASGI, or Pelasgians, ancient people 827; XXIII. 840.

322; XVII. 524, 529; genealogy of, x. of Greece and Italy, VII. 366; XI. 90; PECTIN, gummy principle in fruit, XIII. 145; precedence in, xix. 661; robes

XIII. 444. 564. of, vi. 476.

PELASGIC, PELASGIAN, in archæology, PECTINARIA, genus of Annelida, II. French, xxi. 198.

II. 346. 68.

PEERESSES, English, xvIII. 467. PELASGIOTIS, district, Thessaly, xxIII. PECTOLITE, mineral, XVI. 420.

PEERS, House of, England, XVIII. 310. 299. PECTOSE, principle in fruit, XIII. 564.

Twelve, of France, xvIII. 468. PELAYO, Marcelino Menendez, Spanish PECULIUM CASTRENSE, in Roman law, PEETWEET, bird, XXI. 260.

writer, XXII. 362. xx. 706, 713. PEEwir, bird, xiv. 308.

PELECANUS, genus of birds, xvIII. 474. PEDAL, of organ, xvII. 833, 837. PEGANITE, mineral, XVI. 405.

PELÉE, Mont, Martinique, West Indies, PEDALION, genus of Rotifera, xxi. 5. PEGASUS, of Greek mythology, XVIII. XV. 585. PEDER PAARS, Holberg's epic poem, 468; III. 546.

PELEW ISLANDS, Western Pacific, XVIII. XII. 56.

PEGGY WHITETHROAT, bird, XXIV. 474; V. 125; XVI. 257.
PEDERSEN, Christian, Danish writer, 553

PELHAM, Lytton's novel, xv. 121.
PEGMATITE, rock, XI. 49.

Sir Henry, English statesman, PEDESTRIANISM, III. 12, 13; XXI. 61. PEGNITZSCHÄFER, German

literary XVIII. 474; VIII. 355. PEDETES, genus of rodent mammals, society, X. 530, 531.

Thomas, duke of Newcastle, XVII. XIII. 626.

PEGOLOTTI, Francesco Balducci, on 380. PEDICELLINA, genus of Polyzoa, xix. early trade with China, V. 629. PELIADES, daughters of Pelias, xvIII. 438.

PEGU, town, British Burmah, XVIII. 474. PEDICULUS, genus of animal parasites, 468; pagoda at, II. 397.

PELIAS, of Greek legend, XVIII. 474. XV. 24.

YOMAS, mountains, Burmah, XXIII. PELICAN, bird, xvIII. 474. PEDIEIS, Athenian political party, xix. 486.

ISLAND, Montgomery's poem, XVI. 130.

PEGWELL BAY, Kent, England, xx. 790. PEDILAVIUM, feet-washing by prelates, 268.

PELIGNI, ancient tribe, Italy, XIII. 444; XV. 635.

PEG WOFFINGTON, Reade's novel, XX. XXI. 128. PEDIMENT, in architecture, II. 469.

303.

PELIOM, mineral, xvI. 418.

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VII. 90.

Pelion, mountain, Thessaly, Greece, | PENAL LAWS, XXII. 469; in Ireland, PENNA, Monte, mountain, Italy, XIII.
XXIII. 298.
XIII. 269.

437 PÉLISSIER, Jean Jacques Amable, mar PEÑALOSA, American explorer, XIV. PENNAIR, river, India, XVII. 123, 320. shal of France, XVIII. 475; in Algeria, 319.

PENNANT, Thomas, Welsh naturalist 1. 568.

PENAL SERVITUDE, XIX. 752, 756. and antiquary, XVIII. 498; XXIV. 806; PELL, John, English mathematician, PENANCE, XVIII. 484.

on birds, XVIII. 7, 9. XVIII. 475.

PENANG, island and town, Malay Penin- PENNI, Gianfrancesco, Italian painter, PELLA, town, Macedonia, xv. 137. sula, xix. 741; XXII. 586.

XVIII. 498.
PELLAGRA, disease, XVIII. 476, 407. PEÑA PRIETA, mountain, Spain, XXII. PENNILLION SINGING, VII. 792.
PELLENC, Mirabeau's secretary, XVI. 294.

PENNINE, mineral, xvi. 414.
497.
PENARTH, town, Wales, XVIII. 488.

ALPS, 1. 625.
PELLEW, Edward, Viscount Exmouth, PEÑAS, Gulf of, Patagonia, xvIII. 352. PENNONS, Military, ix. 276.
VIII. 805.

PENATES, Roman household gods, XVIII. PENNSYLVANIA, State, U.S.A., XVIII. ISLANDS, Pacific Ocean, xvIII. 474; 488. See also XIV. 313.

498; founding of, by Quakers, XX. 152; V. 125; XVI. 257. PÉNAUD, on flying machines, ix. 320,

Penn's settlement of, XVIII. 495; PELLICANUS, Conrad, German theolo

321.

colony of, xxIII. 730; newspapers, gian and scholar, XVIII. 477. PENCIL, XVIII. 489; crayon, VI. 555.

XVII. 434; university, XVIII. 739; PELLICO, Silvio, Italian dramatist and BLUE, for calico-printing, iv. 690. XXIII. 857.

patriot, XVIII. 478; IV. 399; VII. 417; PENCILS, of rays of light, XVII. 779, 803. PENNY, English coin, XVII. 656. XIII. 486.

PENDA, king of Mercia, England, xvII. Captain, Arctic explorer, XIX. 321. PELLOUTIER, Simon, historian of the 569.

BANKS, XXI. 329.
Druids, VII. 478.
PENDENIS (St Ives), town, England, XXI. CYCLOPÆDIA, VIII. 204;

XIV. PELOMEDUSIDÆ, family of chelonian 172.

856. reptiles, XXIII. 457.

PENDENNIS, Thackeray's novel, xxIII. POSTAGE, First proposals of, xix. PELOPIDAS, Theban general, xvIII. 479. 215.

564; Rowland Hill's institution of, PELOPION, at Olympia, Greece, xvII. PENDENT, in architecture, 11. 469.

XI. 818. 768.

PENDJAKENT, town, Russian Turkestan, PENNYROYAL, herb, XII. 289. PELOPONNESIAN WAR, XI. 102; XVIII. XXIV. 782.

PENOBSCOT, river, Maine, U.S.A., xv. 533; Thucydides's history of, xxIII. PENDLEBURY, town, England, XXII. 298. 325.

775.

PENRITH, town, England, xvIII. 504. PELOPONNESUS, division of ancient PENDULUM, in mechanics, xv. 705, PENRYN, town, England, Vi. 427; IX. Greece, XI. 93.

711, 718, 734; II. 754, 755; revolving, 17. PELOPS, in Greek mythology, XVIII. XV. 768; used for determining figure PENSACOLA, town, Florida, U.S.A., 480; XVII. 731. of the earth, vii. 608; absolute unit

XVIII. 504 PELORITAN MOUNTAINS, Sicily, XXII. force determined by means of, xv. 699; PENSÉES, Pascal's work, xvIII. 335. 29.

of a clock, vi. 14.

PENSHURST CASTLE, Kent, England, PELOTONS, variety of mohair, XVI. 544. PENEIUS, river, Thessaly, Greece, xxIII. PELOUZE, Théophile Jules, French 298.

PENSIONARY, president of states-general chemist, xvIII. 480. PENELOPE, wife of Ulysses, XVIII. 490;

of Holland, XII. 73. PELTIER, Jean Charles Athanase, French

XVII. 729.

PENSIONS, Military, of British army, 11. scientist, xvIII. 480.

mother of Pan, in Greek mytho 578. Jean Gabriel, Mackintosh's defence logy, XVIII. 208.

PENTAGRAM, Use of, in magic, xv. of, xv. 160.

PENELOPINÆ, subfamily of birds, xi. 203. EFFECT, in electricity, viii. 57; 232.

PENTAIL, insectivorous mammal, xv. XVIII. 481.

PENGUIN, bird, XVIII. 491; III. 735. 402. PELTRY, furs, ix. 836.

PENGWERNE (Shrewsbury), ancient PENTAMERA, group of insects, Vi. 129; PELUSIUM, ancient town, Egypt, xvIII. town, England, xxi. 845.

XIII. 148. 481.

PENIBETICA, Sierra, mountains, Spain, PENTAMERIDÆ, family of Brachiopoda, Pelvic GIRDLE, of mammals, XV. 360.

XXII. 294.

IV. 195. Pelvis, in man, 1. 829; of birds, III. PENIKESE, marine zoology station, PENTAPOLIS, ancient district, North 722. U.S.A., I. 277

Africa, VI. 750; XIV. 552. PEMBA, island, East Africa, XXIV. 768. PENINSULAR War, between England

or Lesbos (q.v.), island, Ægean Sea, PEMBERTON, town, England, xvii. and France, viii. 364; IX. 616; XIX.

XIV. 474. 481.

551; Castlereagh's support of, Xiv. MARITIMA, ancient district, Italy, Captain, British envoy to Bhutan, 854; Napier's History of, XVII. 186. XVIII. 684. III. 632.

PENITENTIAL DISCIPLINE, in ancient PENTASTOMIDES, family of Arachnida, PEMBROKE, county, Wales, xvIII. 481; church, XII. 846. representation, XXIII. 727.

PENITENTIARIES, or Houses of Deten- PENTATEUCH, Books of Scripture, XVIII. - town, Wales, XVIII. 483; dockyard tion, xix. 748.

505; XIII. 418; composition of, iu. of, vii. 315, 318.

PENITENTS, in the Eastern Church, 637; Philo on, XVIII. 762; the Samari. COLLEGE, Cambridge, iv. 731. XVIII. 486.

tan, XXI. 245; Morin's edition of the COLLEGE, Oxford, xvill. 97. PENN, William, English admiral, XVIII.

Samaritan, XVI. 825; Targums of, PEMPHIGUS, skin disease, XXII. 123. 492.

XXIII. 62. Pen, for writing, XVIII. 483.

William, founder of Pennsylvania, PENTATHIONIC ACID, V. 507. PEÑA DE FRANCIA, Sierra de, Spain, XVIII. 492, 740; his relations to Mary- | PENTECOST, Jewish festival, xviii. 514,

land, xv. 605; his promotion of 511; XXIV. 555. PEÑALARA, mountain, Spain, XXI. 623. Quakerism, XX. 152.

PENTELIC MARBLE, XV. 528.

XXV. 43

XIV. 40.

II. 275.

XXI. 203.

212.

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PENTELICUS, Mount, Greece, 111. 59, PERCEPTION, Visual, Psychical relations PEREZ, Albino, governer of New Mexico, 60. of, vill. 826.

U.S.A., XVII. 402. PENTHEUS, king of Thebes, VII. 249. PERCEVAL, romance, xx. 646.

Antonio, Spanish diplomatist and PENTLAND FIRTH, Scotland, iv. 647; Amand Pierre Caussin de, French minister, XVIII. 525; XXII. 329, 359. XXIV. 541. Orientalist, XVIII. 521.

DE GUZMAN, Fernan, Spanish PENTLAND Hills, Scotland, vii. 656. Spencer, English statesman, XVIII. chronicler, XXII. 354. PENTLANDITE, mineral, xvi. 392. 521; VIII. 364.

DE HITA, Gines, Spanish romanPENTRI, Samnite tribe, Italy, XXI. 248. PERCH, fish, XVIII. 521; XII. 688; cist, XX. 659; XXII. 358. PENTSTEMON, plant, XII. 258.

angling for, II. 44.

PERFECTIBILISTS, German mystics, XII. PENUMBRA, in optics, XIV. 581. PERCHE, district, France, xiv. 809. 706. PENYGHENT, mountain, England, xxiv. PERCHLORATE OF POTASSIUM, XIX. PERFECTIONISTS, of Oneida, U.S.A., VI. 746. 591.

See also XVII. 772. PENZA, government, Russia, XVIII. 514; PERCIVAL, James Gates, American poet, PERFORATING, of paper, XXII. 461. XXI. 69; town, XVIII. 515.

XVIII. 522.

PERFUME, incense, XII. 718. PENZANCE, town, England, XVIII. 515. PERCUSSION, in medicine, xv. 815. PERFUMERY, XVIII. 525; XVII. 748 ; PENZHINA, Bay of, Eastern Siberia, xv. PERCY, English noble family, XVIII. XXII. 168. 547

522.

PERGA, town, Asia Minor, XVIII. 207. PEONY, or Pæony, plant, XVIII. 132; Henry, first earl of Northumber- PERGAMUM, Pergamon, or Pergamus, XII. 257 land, xvIII. 522; XVII. 571.

ancient town, Asia Minor, XVIII. 527; PEOPLE'S CHARTER, The, V. 434.

Serlo, English abbot, XVIII. 552. XV. 143; its relations with Rome, PEORIA, town, Illinois, U.S.A., XVIII. - Thomas, bishop of Dromore, editor XX. 751; coins of, xvII. 646; library, 515.

of the Percy Reliques, XVIII. 524; III. XIV. 511; school of sculpture at, II. PEPI, Pyramid of, Egypt, XX. 123.

283.

365. PEPIN, or Pippin (q.v.), Carlovingian Thomas, Gunpowder Plot con PERGOLESI, Giovanni Battista, Italian kings, xix. 114; IX. 530, 531. spirator, ix. 58.

musical composer, xvIII. 528; XVII. PEPLOS, or Peplum, Greek article of PERCYLITE, mineral, xvi. 385.

93. dress, Vi. 453; for statues of deities, PERDICCAS I.-III., kings of Macedon, PERGUNNAHS, or Parganahs, TwentyXXIII, 207 XV. 138; XVIII. 524.

four, district, India, XXIII. 673. PEPPER, spice, XVIII. 516; adulteraticn - Macedonian general, XVIII. 524; I. PERI, Jacopo, Italian musician, XVII. 86; of, 1. 172; cayenne, v. 280. 485; XV. 142; regent of Macedonian

XXIV. 315. AND TOBIN, their spectral illusions, empire, XVIII. 585.

PERIANDER, tyrant of Ambracia, XVIII. XV. 207.

PERDIX, genus of birds, XVIII. 332. 528. PEPPERMINT, plant, xvIII. 517; XVI. PERDU, Mont, Pyrenees, ix. 505; XII. despot of Corinth, XVIII. 528. 491.

334; XX. 125.

PERIBLEM, layer in plant development, PEPPER TREE, XVIII. 519. PERDUELLIO, in Roman law, XXIII.

XII. 15. PEPSIN, or Pepsine, alimentary juice,

525.

PERICARDIUM, Anatomy of the, 1. 899. IX. 96; XVII. 671.

PERECOP, or Perekop, isthmus, Crimea, PERICARDITIS, disease, XI. 554; XX. PEPYS, Samuel, English diarist, XVIII. Russia, VI. 585.

517. 519; as secretary to British Admiralty, PÈRE DUCHESNE (J. R. Hébert), French PERICHÆTA, genus of worms, xxiv. XVII, 282. Revolutionist, XI. 594.

678. PEQUODS, American-Indian tribe, XII. PEREGRINE FALCON, IX. 2.

PERICLASE, mineral, xvi. 385. 831.

PEREGRINE PICKLE, Smollett's novel, PERICLES, Athenian statesman, XVIII. PERA, quarter of Constantinople, Vi. 306. XXII. 184.

529; XI, 101. PERÆA, or Gilead, district of Syria, X. PEREGRIN PRÆTORSHIP, in Roman PERICLINE, mineral, xvi. 419. 595.

law, xx. 696.

PERIDERM, layer in plant development, PERAK, district, Malay Peninsula, xxil. PEREIRA DE MELLO, Antonio de Fontes, XII. 17 587; XV. 322; river, XV. 321.

Portuguese statesman, XIX. 554. PERIDOTE, precious stone, XVIII. 534; PERAKIM, divisions of the Mishnah, | PEREKOP, town, Crimea, Russia, XVIII. XVI. 410. XVI. 505.

524; XXIII. 83; isthmus of, vi. 585. PERIEGETES, Dionysius, Greek writer, PERALTA Y BARNUEVO, P. de, Spanish PÈRE LA CHAISE, cemetery, Paris, v. VII. 248. Peruvian writer, xvIII. 675.

331; XVIII. 284.

PÉRIER, Casimir, French politician, IX. PERAMBUR, suburb of Madras, India, PERELLE, dye, xiv. 559.

620. XV. 188. PERENNIALS, Garden, XII. 249.

Madame, sister of Blaise Pascal, PERAMELIDÆ, family of marsupial PERESKIA, genus of Cactacea, Iv.

XVIII. 333. mammals, xv. 381. 626.

PÉRIGORD, ancient province, France, PERATÆ, Gnostic sect, X. 703.

PERESLAVL, or Pereyaslavl, town, XVIII. 534; caves of, v. 567. PERATHERIUM, fossil opossum, XVII. Russia, xvill. 524.

PERIGUEUX, town, France, XVIII. 534; 796.

PERETTI, Felice (Pope Sixtus V.), XXII. church of St Front at, II. 429. PERCA, genus of fishes, XVIII. 521.

104.

PERIHELION OF THE EARTH'S ORBIT, PERCEFOREST, romance, XX. 648. PEREYASLAFF, town, Russia, XVIII. 524; Change of, 11. 795. PERCEPTION, in psychology, XX. 51;

XIX. 410.

PERIM, island, in Red Sea, II. 235; III. faculties of, xvIII. 845; Collier's theory PEREYASLAVL, or Pereyaslavl Zalyess 179; XX. 316. of, vi. 144; Democritus's, VII. 60; kiy, town, Russia, XVIII. 524; XXIV. island, in Gulf of Cambay, India, Hamilton's, XI. 418; Jacobi's, XIII. 271.

X. 738. 537; Kant on, XIII. 851; Leibnitz on, Lake of, Russia, XXIV. 271. PERING, Mr, on anchors, II. 3. XIV. 421; Locke on, XIV. 758; Stoic PEREYRA, or Pereyre, J. R., Jewish PERINO BUONACCORSI, Vaga, Italian theory of, XXII. 565. philanthropist, XIII. 682.

painter, XXIV. 30.

192; coins

IIO.

PERINTHUS, town, Thrace, xvIII. 635. PERNOFF (Pernau), town, Russia, XVIII. 809; relations with Sparta, XXII. 370; PERIODICALS, XVIII. 635.

552.

wars with Greece, XI. 98, 112; under PERIODS, or Eras, of time, iv. 681. PERODICTICUS, genus of lemurs, xiv. Cyrus, vi. 752; under Darius I.-III., PERICI, or Perioikoi, Spartan freemen, 443.

VI. 825, 827 ; architecture, II. 399; XI. 94; XV. 96; XXII. 370.

PEROMEDUSÆ, order of Hydrozoa, XII. armies, II. 559; coins, XVII. 659. PERIOSTEUM, fibrous animal membrane, 559.

PERSIA, Modern, xvIII. 616 (index, 660); 1. 854; XXII. 684.

PEROMELA, order of Amphibia, 1. 751. highlands of, 11: 685; European PERIPATETICS, school of Greek philo- PERONIA, genus of Mollusca, xvi. 661. travellers in, X. 186, 188; carpet sophers, XVIII. 545; II. 511.

PÉRONNE, town, France, XVIII. 552. weaving, V. 128; caste in, v. PERIPATUS, genus of Myriapoda, XVII. PERONOSPORA INFESTANS, fungus of of, xvII. 660 ; Jews in, XIII. 687; 116. potato disease, XIX. 596.

literature, IX. 225; XVII. 238; influence PERIPHETES, of Greek legend, xxIII. PERONOSPORA VITICOLA, vine fungus, of Persian on Ottoman literature, 294. XXIV. 240.

XXIII. 656; opium cultivation, xvII. PERIPLUS, of the Erythræan Sea, XVIII. PERONOSPOREÆ, suborder of Fungi, ix. 791; plague in, XIX. 167; pottery, XIX. 569; XX. 94.

830; parasitic forms, XVIII. 266. 619; weights and measures, XXIV. 490; =of Hanno, book of Carthaginian PÉROUSE, La, Jean François, French history, xvIII. 631; Shiite dynasties, exploration, I. 245; X. 175; XI. navigator, XIV. 298; X. 190.

XXII. 663; war with Russia, XXI. 101; 445.

PEROVSK, town, Syr-Daria, Russia, XXII. wars with Turkey (1514, 1638), XXIII. of the Mediterranean, ancient 819, 821.

643, 645. geographical work, XXI. 573, 578. PEROVSKITE, mineral, xvi. 426. PERSIAN LANGUAGE, XVIII. 653; dicPERIPTEROS, in architecture, Il. 469. Peroz, Sasanian king of Persia, xvIII. tionaries of, vii. 190. PERIPYLÆA, order of Protozoa, xix. 611.

PERSIAN LETTERS, Montesquieu's, XVI. 849.

PERPETUAL EDICTS, in Roman law, 782. PERISCOPIC LENS, XVI. 260.

XIII. 793; XIX. 655.

PERSIAN LITERATURE, XVIII. 655. PERISSODACTYLA, suborder of ungulate PERPETUAL MOTION, XVIII. 553. PERSIGNY, Duc de, French politician, mammals, xv. 427 PERPETUITIES, in law, II. 72.

XVIII. 661. PERISTYLE, in architecture, II. 469. PERPIGNAN, town, France, xvIII. 555; | PERSIMMON, fruit, XVIII. 661. PERITONEUM, serous membrane, in the XX. 128; XXI. 28; organ at, XVII. 837; PERSIS, ancient Persia, xvIII. 561, 565, abdomen, VII. 224; surgical treatment university of, XXIII. 839.

605. of, xxII. 690.

PERRACHE, part of Lyons, France, xv. PERSIUS (A. Persius Flaccus), Roman PERITONITIS, disease, xvIII. 547.

satirist, XVIII. 661; XX. 726; XXI. 319; PERITRICHA, order of Protozoa, XIX. PERRAULT, Charles, French tale-writer,

his language and style, XIV. 337. 861.

XVIII. 556; XXIII. 27.

PERSONAL ESTATE, in law, xvIII. 664; PERIWIG, or Wig, XXIV. 560.

Claude, French architect, II. 441; disposition of, by will, xxiv. 571, 573; PERIWINKLE, mollusc, XVI. 651; fishery, XVIII. 556.

sale of, XXI. 207. IX. 265.

PERRENOT, Antony, Cardinal Granvella, PERSONAL IDENTITY, Locke on, xiv. PERIYAR, river, India, XXIII. 525.

XI. 52; XII. 74.

760; in medical jurisprudence, xv.778. PERIZONIUS, Anton, Dutch theologian, PERRON, in architecture, II. 469. PERSONALITY, in psychology, xx. 83. XVIII. 547

PERRONE, Giovanni, Italian theologian, | PERSONNE, Gilles (Roberval), French Jacob, Dutch scholar, xvIII. 547. XVIII. 557

mathematician, xx. 601. PERJURY, in law, xviII. 548; XVII. PERRONIANA, ana of Cardinal Duperron, PERSONS, or Parsons, Robert, English 698. I. 784.

Jesuit, XVIII. 377.
PERKIN, W. H., his experiments on dye- PERROTT, Sir John, Irish lord-deputy, PERSPECTIVE, XIX. 804.
stuffs, II. 48.
XIII. 265.

PROJECTIONS, in maps, X. 202. PERKINS, Jacob, American inventor | PERRY, beverage, XVIII. 557.

PERSPIRATION, XVII. 685; glands of, 1. and physicist, XVIII. 549.

Oliver H., American naval officer, 899; excessive, XXII. 120; diaphoretics, PERLIDÆ, group of insects, XIII. 152. XXIII. 760.

VII. 167. PERLITE, rock, X. 234.

PERSAN, Madame Doublet de, French PERSSON, Göran, Swedish courtier, XXII. PERM, government, Russia, xvIII. 549; journalist, XVII. 425.

748. XXI. 69; town, XVIII. 551. PERSEIDS, meteors, XVI. III.

PERTABGURH (Partabgarh), district, PERMANENT WAY, of railways, XX. PERSEPHONE, Greek goddess (the Oudh, India, xvIII. 328. 232, 240.

Roman Proserpine), xix. 824; XXIII. state, Rajputana, India, xvill. 328. PERMANGANATES, manganese salts, xv. 296; mysteries of, viii. 126.

PERTE DU RHÔNE, XX. 528. 480.

PERSEPOLIS, ancient town, Persia, xvII. PERTH, county, Scotland, xvIII. 665; PERMIAN LANGUAGE, Dictionary of, 557; destruction of, by Alexander the representation, XXIII. 727. VII. 188.

Great, xvIII. 582 ; buildings at, 11. town, Scotland, xvIII. 667; the PERMIAN ROcks, in geology, X. 351. 400.

Five Articles of (1618), XXI. 510. PERMISSIVE BILL for prohibiting PERSEUS, of Greek fable, xvIII. 560; VI. -, town, Western Australia, xvil. liquor traffic, xiv. 688. 797

668. PERMUTATIONS, in algebra, I. 560. - king of Macedonia, xv. 142; his PERTHES, family of German publishers, PERNAHYBA, or Paranahyba, town, contests with Rome, xx. 753.

XVIII. 669. Brazil, xvIII. 258.

PERSIA, Ancient, XVIII. 561 (index, - Friedrich Christoph, German pubPERNAMBUCO,

town, Brazil, XVIII. 660); conquest of, by Alexander, 1. lisher and editor, xviii. 669. 551.

482; XV. 140; by the Arabs, 11. 257; PERTICARI, Count Giulio, Italian writer, PERNAU, town, Russia, XVIII. 552. conquest of Phrygia by, xvIII. 851;

XIII. 515. PERNE, Andrew, English divine, xvIII. its influence in Asia, 11. 699; religion, PERTINAX, Helvius, Roman emperor,

XXIII. 238; rule over Sidon, xvIII. XVIII. 669; XXI. 699.

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VII. 93.

II2.

PERTURBATIONS, in solar system, XI. PETALISM, Syracusan institution, XXII. | PETERHEAD, town, Scotland, XVIII. 701. 72.

814.

PETERHOF, town, Russia, XVIII. 702 ; PERTZ, Georg Heinrich, German archæo- | PETALITE, mineral, xiv. 697; XVI. 416. XXI. 190, 194. logist, XVIII. 669. PETALS, of plants, IV. 132.

PETERLOO RIOT (1819), Manchester, PERU, country, South America, xviii. PETAU, Denys, French theologian, XVIII. England, xv. 464. 669; 1. 713; its revolt from Spain, I. 693.

PETERMANN, A., German geographer, 709; liberation of, by Bolivar, Iv. 9; PETAURISTA, genus of marsupial mam XVIII. 669. forests, IX. 406; guano, XI. 233; mals, XVIII. 728.

PETERS, Christian A. F., on stellar paralIndian tribes, XII. 828; libraries, XIV. PETAURUS, genus of marsupial mam lax, XVIII. 252. 536, 551; newspapers, XVII. 437; mals, XVIII. 729.

Hugh, adherent of Cromwell, observatory at Lima, XVII. 716; rail- | PETAVIUS, Dionysius (Petau), French

XVIII. 702. ways, XX. 252.

theologian, xvIII. 693.

PETERSBURG, town, Virginia, U.S.A., Ancient, 1. 696; XVIII. 677; agri- PETCHARY, bird, xiv. 81.

XVIII. 702. culture in, I. 293; monuments, 11. 451; PETCHENEGs, race of people, xiv. 60; PETERSEN, Hallgrim, Icelandic poet, mythology, XVII. 150; pottery, XIX. XXI. 16, 88; XXIII. 660.

XII. 623. 633; races, I. 691.

PETCHERSK, monastery, at Kieff, Russia, Niels Matthias, Danish historian, town, Illinois, U.S.A., XVIII.

XIV. 70. 679.

PETCHORA, river, Russia, xvIII. 549; | PETER'S LETTERS TO HIS KINSFOLK, island, Gilbert group, Polynesia, XXI. 73.

Lockhart's work, XIV. 763. XIX. 426.

PETEN, Lake of, Guatemala, XI. 239. PETERS'S COMET, VI. 193. Balsam of, III. 293.

PETER, St, the Apostle, XVIII. 693; XIX. PETERSTHAL, spa, Germany, XVI. PERUGIA, town, Italy, xviu. 680; VIII. 487; his relations with St Paul, xvIII. 434. 635; church of S. Domenico, XIX. 418.

PETERWARDEIN, town, Hungary, XVIII. 123; pictures, xxi. 446; university, Apocalypse of, 11. 179.

702. XXIII. 837

Epistles of, xvIII. 697.

PETHION, Syriac writer, XXII. 845. Lake of, Italy, XIII. 440.

I., the Great, czar of Russia, xvil. PETIOLE, or Leaf-Stalk, of plants, iv. PERUGINO, Pietro, Italian painter, 698; XXI. 97; his contests with Charles

XVIII. 680; IX. 773; XXI. 436; XII. of Sweden, v. 421; defeat and PÉTION, Alexandre, president of Hayti, Raphael's connexion with, XX. 274. capture of, by the Turks, XXIII. 646;

XI. 545 PERUKE, wig, XXIV. 560.

statue of, at St Petersburg, XXI. 191; DE VILLENEUVE, Jérôme, French PERUSIA, Etruscan town, Italy, VIII. Voltaire's History of, XXIV. 292.

Revolutionist, XVIII. 703. 635.

II., of Russia, xvIII. 699; XXI. 98. PETIS DE LA CROIX, François, French PERUVIAN BARK, V. 781; XX. 184.

III., of Russia, XVIII. 699; V. 233; Orientalist, XVIII. 703. PERUZZI, Baldassare, Italian architect

XXI. 99.

PETIT, John, his justification of murder and painter, XVIII. 682; XX. 836; prince of Savoy, XXI. 339.

of duke of Orleans, X. 550. XXII. 44.

king of Sicily, XXII. 28.

AND DULONG, on radiation, xx. PERVIGILIUM VENERIS, Latin poem, of Blois, mediæval theologian and 216. XVIII. 683.

moralist, xviii. 698.

PETITCODIAC, river, New Brunswick, PESARO, town, Italy, xvIII. 683.

of Bruis, founder of Petrobrusians, XVII. 373 PESCARA, river, Italy, XIII. 439.

XI. 674; XXIV. 323.

PETITION, in law, XVIII. 703. PESCHIERA, town, Italy, XX. 145.

of Callinicus, Syriac writer, XXII. to parliament, in England, xvIII. PESCIUM (Ipek), ancient town, Albania, 836.

313. XIII. 211.

of Castlenau, Inquisitor, I. 454.

OF RIGHT, V. 405; VIII. 345; PESHAWAR, or Peshawur, division, dis of Covara (Nicholas V., antipope), XVIII. 705. trict, and town, India, xvIII. 684.

XIII. 712.

PETIT JOURNAL, Le, Paris newspaper, PESHITTA, or Peshito, Syriac version of the Hermit, Crusade preacher,

XVII. 427. the Bible, xxII. 824; 111. 647.

XVIII. 698; VI. 623.

PETIT NORD, peninsula, Newfoundland, PESHWA, Mahratta title, India, XV. of Morone, founder of the Celes XVII. 382. 291.

tines, V. 291.

PETITOT, Jean, French artist, VIII. PESIKOTHO, Midrash, XVI. 286.

of Poitiers, scholastic philosopher, 184. PESIKTO RABBATHI, Midrash, XVI.

XXI. 425.

PETIT-THOUARS, Admiral du, his seizure 287.

DES ROCHES, bishop of Winchester, of Tahiti, XXIII. 24. PESINUS, or Pessinus, ancient town, XI. 658.

PETIT TREASON, XXIII. 527. Asia Minor, xvIII. 691.

LEOPOLD, grand-duke of Tuscany, PETŐFI, Alexander, Hungarian poet, PESSIMISM, in philosophy, xvIII. 684; XIII. 485.

XII. 378. Schopenhauer's, XXI. 455.

MARTYR, Italian Reformer, xxiv. PETRA, ancient town, North Arabia, PESSINUS, ancient town, Asia Minor,

166.

XVIII. 705. XVIII. 691; X. 19.

PARLEY (S. G. Goodrich), American PETRACCO, Italian jurist, father of PESTALOZZI, Johann Heinrich, Swiss writer, X. 774.

Petrarch, xviii. 706. educationist, vii. 677; XIV. 79; XXII. PINDAR (John Walcot), English PETRÆA, desert, Arabia, II. 239. 798.

painter and satirist, xxiv. 628. PETRARCH, Petrarca, Francesco, PESTH, town, Hungary, XVIII. 691; SCHLEMIHL, by Chamisso, V. 384. Italian poet, XVIII. 706; XIII. 503;

libraries, xiv. 547; picture gallery, PETERBOROUGH, town, England, XVIII. his relation to the Renaissance, xx. XXI. 446. See also Budapest. 699.

385; his sonnets, XXII. 262; his PESTILENCE, or Plague, XIX. 159.

town, Ontario, Canada, XVII. 775. friendship for Boccaccio, III. 845; his Pesto, town, Italy, XVIII. 132.

AND MONMOUTH, Earl of, xvIII. Latinity, xiv. 341. PET, Arthur, Arctic explorer, XIX. 316. 700.

PETREL, bird, XVIII. 711; IX. 817.

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