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XXI.

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PANNONIA, ancient Roman Danubian | PAPAGOES, American-Indian tribe, XII. PAPUA, or New Guinea, island, XVII. province, XVIII. 213. 833

386; 11. 687; birds of, III. 739. PANOPOLIS (Ekhmin), ancient town, PAPAK, Persian prince, XVIII. 607. PAPUAN LANGUAGES, XVIII. 231, 780. Egypt, VII. 794. PAPAL BULL, IV. 519.

PAPUANS, race of people, III. 112; XII. PANORAMA, pictorial representation, PAPAL DOCUMENTS, form of writing in, 817; XVII. 387; of Polynesia, XIX. XVIII. 213. XVIII. 156.

422. Pansy, flower, xviii. 214; XII. 258; PAPAL INFALLIBILITY, Declaration of PAPYROTYPE PROCESS, in photography, XXIV. 241.

the dogma of, XVII. 754; XIX. 158; XVIII. 833. PANTÆNUS, Alexandrian Christian Leo II. on, XIV. 449.

PAPYRUS, plant, XVIII. 231; 1. 258; VII. teacher, XVIII. 214. PAPAL STATES, Italy, XXII. 460.

711; use of, for writing, XVIII. 144, PANTAGRUEL, of Rabelais, 1X. 652; XX. PAPAR, river, North Borneo,

162. 123

ROLLS, IV. 37. PANTALEON, Jacques (Pope Urban IV.), PAPARESCI, Gregory (Pope Innocent PARA, town, Brazil, XVIII. 233. XXIV. 8.

II.), XIII. 82.

PARABLE, in literature, vili. 837. PANTALOON, of the pantomime, xvIII. PAPA-STOUR, island, Shetland, Scotland, PARABOLA, in geometry, vi. 273; X. 215. XVII. 846.

398; mensuration of, XVI. 19; ArchiPANTANAW, town, Burmah, XXIII. PAPAVER, genus of plants, XVII. 231, medes on the quadrature of, II. 381. 330.

787; XIX. 513.

PARABOLOID, Mensuration of the, XVI. PANTELLARIA, island, Mediterranean, PAPA-WESTRAY, island, Orkney, Scot

27. XVIII. 214.

land, xvII. 846.

PARACAIMA MOUNTAINS, British GuiPANTHEISM, XXIII. 234; of Brahmanism, PAPE, bird, xvII. 534.

ana, XI. 249. IV. 209; Persian, XVIII. 658; Spinoza's, PAPEETE, town, Tahiti, XXIII. 23. PARACELSUS, chemist and pathologist, XXII. 404.

PAPER, XVIII. 217; invention of, iv. 38; XVIII. 234; XV. 808; on alchemy and PANTHEON, at Rome, xx. 828; archi by the Chinese, v. 662; ancient use of, medicine, 1. 465; on chemistry, V. 459; tecture of, 11. 416.

XVIII. 144; made at Mecca (706 A.D.), his entia of disease, XVIII. 361; PANTHÉON, at Paris, XVIII. 276.

II. 265; folding of, xxII. 461; for mysticism of, XVII. 134; on surgery, PANTHER, carnivorous mammal, xiv. lithographic printing, XIV. 701; manu XXII. 676. 463; XV. 435; XX. 104.

facture of, xvil. 219; from esparto PARACHUTES, in aeronautics, 1. 200, 201. PANTICAPÆON (Kertch), ancient town, grass, VIII. 547; bleaching of materials, PARADISE, XVIII. 236; I. 135; VIII. 537; Russia, XIV. 52.

111. 821; ruling of, xx11. 461; sizes of, Tintoretto's painting of, at Venice, xx. PANTICOSA, spa, Pyrenees, XVI. 433. in book printing, XXIII. 700; for 610. PANTILES, for roofing, iv. 463.

walls, iv. 512; XIII. 591; XVII. 38; in architecture, 11. 469. PANTIN, town, France, XXI. 624. use of, in filtration, ix. 170.

Birds of, 111. 778; XV. 504.
PANTISOCRACY, of Coleridge and CURRENCY,

American (1862), LOST, Milton's, XVI. 336.
Southey, VI. 136; XXII. 290.
XXIII. 775.

REGAINED, Milton's, XVI. 339. PANTOGRAPH, copying instrument, HANGINGS, IV. 512; XVII. 38; | PARADISO, Dante's poem, vi. 815. XVIII. 214; XXII. 721.

Japanese, XIII. 591.

PARADOXURE, carnivorous mammal, PANTOMIME, spectacular representation, PAPER-MILDEW, XVI. 294.

XV. 436. XVIII. 215; III. 288; dances of, vi. PAPHLAGONIA, province, Asia Minor, | PARÆTACENI (Karategin), ancient 800; arrangements of theatre for, XVIII. 227; coins of, XVII. 645.

country, Central Asia, XIV. 4. XXIII. 226; Roman, vil. 412.

PAPHOS, towns, Cyprus, XVIII. 228; vi. PARAFFIN, mineral oil, XVIII. 237, 715, PANTUNS, Malay poems, xv. 326.

748; temple of, xxIII. 167.

719; XVI. 429; ozocerite, XVIII. 112; PANURGE, of Rabelais, xx. 196. PAPI, Lazzaro, Italian historian, XIII. candles made from, iv. 803; chemistry PANURUS, genus of birds, XXIII. 419. 514.

of paraffins, v. 556. PANVEL, town, India, XXIII. 221. PAPIANUS, T. Annius (Milo), Roman PARAGONITE, mineral, xvi. 413. PANYASIS, Greek poet, XVIII. 216. partisan leader, XVI. 323.

PARAGUA, island, Philippines, XVIII. PANYPTILA, genus of birds, XXII. 761. PAPIAS, bishop of Phrygian Hierapolis, 752. PAOLETTI, Ferdinando, Italian econo XVIII. 228; on the Gospels, X. 815, PARAGUARI, town, Paraguay, XVIII. mist, XIX. 363.

820; his tradition as to Mark's Gospel, 244. PAOLI, Clemente, Corsican patriot, xvIII. III. 643.

PARAGUASU, river, Brazil, iv. 222. 217.

PAPIER MACHÉ, pressed paper pulp, PARAGUAY, country, South America, Pasquale de, Corsican patriot, XVIII. 228.

XVIII. 243; Indians of, 1. 702; Jesuit XVIII. 216; XVII. 193; Boswell's me PAPILLOMATA, warts, XVIII. 378.

mission in, XIII. 652; under Francia, moirs of, iv. 78. PAPILLOTOS, Jasmin's poems, XIII.

IX. 688. PAOLINO, Fra, Italian writer, XIII. 594.

-, river, South America, Iv. 222; 501.

PAPIN, Denis, French physicist, xvIII. XIX. 188. PAOLO SERVITA (Pietro Sarpi), Italian 228; inventor of a heat engine, XXII. TEA, or Maté, xv. 627; IV. 227. divine, XXI. 311.

474; his improvements on the air- PARAHYBA DO NORTE, or Paraiba, PAOU-TING Foo, town, China, v. 633.

pump, XIX. 246.

town, Brazil, xvIII. 245. PAPA, town, Hungary, xvIII. 217. PAPINIAN, Roman jurist, xvIII. 229; PARAKEET, bird, xvIII. 321. PAPACY, The, XIX. 487; XX. 783, 785,

XIII. 792.

PARALACTIC ACID, XIV. 197. 791, 805; origin of temporal power of, PAPPENHEIM, Gottfried Heinrich, count PARALLAX, in astronomy, xvIII. 245; IX. 531; increase of its power under of, imperialist general, xvIII. 229. lunar, Il. 775. Innocent III., XIII. 83; in relation to PAPPUS of Alexandria, Greek geometer, PARALLELEPIPEDS, in geometry, X. 387. the Jesuits, XIII. 648; at Avignon, XVIII. 229; on Euclid's porisms, xix. PARALLEL Lives, Plutarch's, XIX. 232. XIII. 476.

519; his theorems in mensuration, XVI. PARALLELOGRAMS, Mensuration of, XVI. PAPÆUS, Scythian deity, XXI. 576.

28.

15.

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House, XXIII. 225; sculptures, xxi. 564; the Sorbonne, XXII. 275; technical schools, XXIII. 108; photographic telescope, XXIII. 148 ; university, XXIII. 834, 846, 850; XVII. 205; water-supply, II. 228. Paris, Declaration of (1856), VII. 21.

king of Troy, XVIII. 295.

Gaston, on the Roland legend, xx. 626.

Matthew (or Matthew of Paris), English historian, xv. 633; VIII. 317, 409.

ET VIENNE, romance, XX. 658.
PARISH, administrative division, in
England, XVIII. 295; VI. 513; in
Scotland, xvIII. 297; XXI. 536; of
United States, XXIII. 731.
PARISIANS, Lytton's novel, xv. 123.
PARISINA, of Byron's poem, XX. 556.
PARIS SKETCH Book, Thackeray's,

XXIII. 214.
PARIUM, town, Mysia, Asia Minor, XVII.

122.

PARK, Mungo, African traveller, XVIII.

297; I. 246; X. 188; XVII. 498. PARKAR, Thar and, district, India,

XXIII. 221.

PARALLEL PROJECTION, XIX. 796. PARÉ, Ambroise, French surgeon, XVIII.
PARALLELS, Theory of, XVIII. 254. 272; XXII. 676.
Magnetic, XV. 235.

PAREJA, Juan de, Spanish painter, XVIII.
PARALOI, Athenian political party, XIX. 272.
130.

PARENCHYMA, plant tissue, IV. 85; XII.
PARALYSIS, disease, XVIII. 255, 392.

14.
PARAMAGNETIC BODIES, XV. 244, 262. PARENCHYMATOUS WORMS, XXIII. 50.
PARAMARIBO, town, Dutch Guiana, PARENTAL CARE, in animals, XX. 410.
XVIII. 257; XI. 251.

PARENT AND CHILD, in law, III. 426;
PARAMATTA, or Parramatta, town, New XIII. I; XXIV. 641; in Roman law,

South Wales, XVIII. 321; observatory XX. 671, 706, 713. at, xvII. 716.

PARENTIUM (Parenzo), ancient town, PARAMERAS, Spanish plateaus, XXII. Istria, XVIII. 273. 294, 296.

PARENTUCELLI,

Tommaso (Pope PARAMETER, of a conic section, VI. 274; Nicholas V.), XVII. 484. of crystals, XVI. 352.

PARENZO,

town, Austria-Hungary,
PARAMUSHIR, island, Kuriles, XIV. 160. XVIII. 272; basilica at, III. 418.
PARANÁ, river, South America, IV. 222; PARESIS, disease, xvIII. 256.
XVIII. 243; XIX. 188.

PAREUDIASTES, genus of birds, XVI.
PARANAHYBA, town, Brazil, XVIII. 258; 808.
river, iv. 222.

PARGA, town, Albania, Turkey, xvIII. PARANGI, disease, in Ceylon, XXIV. 273. 732.

PARGANAS, Twenty-four, district, India, PARANG LATOK, Malay weapon, XXII. XXIII. 673. 802.

PARGETTING, in architecture, II. 469. PARA-NUT OIL, XVII. 746.

PARHELIA, or Mock-Suns, XI. 399. PARAPET, in architecture, II. 469; in PARIA, Gulf of, Trinidad, West Indies, fortification, ix. 421, 425.

XXIII. 573. PARAPHERNALIA, Wife's, in law, XII. PARIAHs, or Out-castes, India, V. 189; 401.

XV. 185. PARAPHRASES, Scripture, Scottish, XII. PARIAN CEMENT, XI. 351. 593.

PARIAN CHRONICLE, XVIII. 273; II. PARAPLEGIA, disease, xvIII. 256.

671. PARASARA, Brahman laws, XXI. 288. PARIAN MARBLE, XV. 528. PARASIRA, genus of Mollusca, XVI. 670, PARIANS, Greek people, XVIII. 319. 675.

PARI BAZAAR, town, Persia, XX. 285. PARASITES, Animal, XVIII. 258; acari PARIGI, country, Celebes, Indian Archidian, II. 275; insect, XIII. 142, 148; pelago, V. 290. vegetable, XVIII. 264; Schizomycetes, PARIKIA, town, Paros, Greek ArchiXXI. 399; diseases caused by, xv. pelago, XVIII. 319. 796; XVIII. 407; XXII. 123; in man, PARILLIN, principle in sarsaparilla root, 538; in domestic animals,

XXI. 313
XXIII. 539; XXIV. 205.

PARINA-COCHAS, lake, Peru, XVIII.
PARASITIC DISEASES, XVIII. 269, 407. 673
PARASITIC MONSTERS, XVI. 766. PARINI, Giuseppe, Italian poet and
PARASITISM, XVIII. 258.

satirist, XVIII. 273; XIII. 512. PARASOL, or Sunshade, XXIII. 722. PARIS, capital of France, xvIII. 274; PARAUTOPTIC LOCK, XIV. 750.

capitulation of (1814), ix. 617; XVII. PARAY-LE-MONIAL, village, France, 221; congress of (1856), VI. 271; XXI. 302.

fortification of (1841), IX. 621; insurPARAZOA, or Sponges, XXII. 421.

rection of (1848), v. 259; peace of PARCÆ, the Fates, in Greek mythology, (1763), 1X. 591; peace of (1856), XXIII.

651; siege of (1870–71), 1X. 627; XVIII. PARCEL POST, XIX. 570.

294; under Colbert, ix. 575; under PARCHMENT, XVIII. 271; xiv. 390; iv. Louis XV., IX. 592; under Étienne

37; origin of the word, xv. 143; Marcel, ix. 546; abattoirs of, 1. 6; ancient use of, XVIII. 144.

artesian wells, II. 645; Bastille, III. PARD, carnivorous mammal, XIV. 463. 430; bourse, XXII. 557; cemeteries, PARDO, Negro or Indian half-breed, V. 331; conservatoire musicale, VI. XVII. 319.

292; institutions for the blind, iii. Felipe, Peruvian poet, XVIII. 676. 830 ; Institut National, XIII. 160; Manuel, president of Peru, xvIII. libraries, Xiv.

524, 546; Louvre 679.

picture gallery, xxi. 445; Rubens's PARDON, in law, xvIII. 271.

pictures in the Louvre, XXI. 43; PARDOVAN HOUSE, Linlithgowshire, newspapers, XVII. 424; Notre Dame, Scotland, xiv. 670.

sculptures in, XXI. 562 ; national PARDUBITZ, town, Bohemia, XVIII. 272. observatory, xvII. 712; Grand Opera

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XXIII.

PARKER, Sir Hyde, British admiral,
XX. 398.

John, Lollard preacher, xiv. 811.

John Henry, English archæologist, XVIII. 298; on the Catacombs, V. 211.

Matthew, archbishop of Canterbury, XVIII. 298.

Theodore, American preacher and social reformer, xvIII. 300; 1. 729; his influence on Unitarianism, XXIII. 726.

William Kitchen, on birds, XVIII. 33; on the biogenetic law of development, XX. 420. PARKERSBURG, town, West Virginia,

U.S.A., XVIII. 301. PARKES, E. A., on the physiological action of alcohol, I. 470; on the effects of tobacco, XXIII. 427.

Mr, his experiments in drain-
ing, 1. 330.
PARKS, of the Rocky Mountain region,

U.S.A., VI. 161; XXIII. 796.
PARKYNS, Mansfield, his account of

Abyssinia, I. 66.
PARLIAMENT, British, xvIII. 302; ori-

gin of, vill. 297, 314; development
of, XVI. 788; origin of prorogation of,
VIII. 336; Act of, 1. 122; bill in, iii.
673; law of elections, vill. 2; govern-
ment by, XI. 12; XIX. 141; Houses of,
VIII. 259; petition to, XVIII. 704;
powers of, viii. 322; precedence of
members, XIX. 663; procedure in,
XVIII. 311; registration of electors for,
XX. 344; reporting debates of, xx.
404; writs for summoning, xxiv. 697;
Prynne's views on, xx. 26; English,
its contention with Charles I., V.
405; English, of 1640, XX. 121; the

IX. 49.

Long, Cromwell in, VI. 598; of Oxford | PARRAMATTA, town, New South Wales, | Particles, Free, System of,in mechanics, (1258), XI. 659; in France, 1X. 567; of XVIII. 321; observatory at, XVII. 716. XV. 718. Paris (1788), 1X. 596; of Provence, XIX. PARRET, river, England, XXII. 257. PARTICULAR AVERAGE, in insurance, 878; the Irish, XIII. 266, 270; Italian, PARRHASIANA, ana of Jean le Clerc, 1. XIII. 187; III. 145. rise of, xiii. 470, 472; of Poland, xix. 785.

PARTINICO, town, Sicily, XVIII. 328. 290; Scottish, XXI. 484, 502; union of PARRHASIUS of Ephesus, Greek painter, PARTITION, in law, XVIII. 328. Scottish with English, XXI. 515.

XVIII. 321; II. 363; XXIV. 783. PARTNER, in law, XVIII. 329. PARLIAMENT, Houses of, London, Xiv. PARRIDÆ, family of birds, XIII. 531. PARTNERSHIP, in law, XVIII. 329; in 839.

PARROT, bird, xvIII. 321 ; XIII. 825; public companies, VI. 221. PARLIAMENTARY REFORM, English, XV. 7, 130; XVII. 354; naturalization PART PAYMENT, in law, XVIII. 440. VIII. 364, 365, 367; Pitt's proposals of, 1. 84.

PARTRIDGE, bird, xvIII. 332; American, for, vill. 359; XIX. 138; Act of 1832, PARROT-FISHES, XVIII. 324.

XX. 147.
XXI. 64; Acts of 1867–68, XVIII. 309; PARRUAH(Pandua), ancient town, India, PARTRIDGE'S ALMANAC, I. 591.
Redistribution Act of 1885, XXIII. X. 112, 115.

PARTRIDGE-SHOOTING, XXI. 834. 727.

PARRY, Sir William Edward, Arctic | PART-SONGS, XVII. 84. PARMA, town, Italy, XVIII. 314; Cor navigator, XVIII. 324; X. 192; XIX. PARUS, genus of birds, XXIII. 419. reggio's works at, VI. 437; library, 319.

PARVATI, Hindu deity, VIII. 126. XIV. 530, 548; its school of painting, SOUND, district, Ontario, Canada, PARVICE, in architecture, II. 469. XXI. 437, 443; pictures at, XXI. 447; XVII. 776.

PARYSATIS, wife of Darius II. of Persia, sculptures in cathedral, xxi. 567. PARSEES, Eastern race, XVIII. 325;

XVIII. 575. PARMENIDES of Elea, Greek philo their religion (Parsism), xx. 360; the PARZIVAL, Wolfram's poem, X. 524; sopher, xvIII. 315; VIII. I; Zeno's book of their religion, XXIV. 775.

XXIV. 632. discussion with, xxiv. 778.

PARSIFAL, Wagner's opera, XXIV. 316. PASAMAN, mountain, Sumatra, XXII. Plato's dialogue, XIX. 206. PARSIS, or Parsees (q.v.), Eastern race, 638. PARMENIO, Macedonian general, XVIII.

XVIII. 325.

PASARGADÆ, ancient town, Persia, XVIII. 317, 585; I. 482 ; conspiracy and PARSLEY, herb, XII. 289.

558; destruction of, by Alexander, I. assassination of, l. 483.

PARSNIP, vegetable, I. 369; XII. 285. 483. PARMESAN CHEESE, V. 456; XIII. 452; PARSON, in English law, XVIII. 327. PASCAL, Blaise, French man of science XVI. 292. PARSON-BIRD, XII. 139.

and letters, XVIII. 333; as a Christian PARMIGIANO (G. F. M. Mazzuoli), Italian PARSONS, Robert, English Jesuit, XVIII. sceptic, XXI. 382; as satirist, XXI. 319; painter, xvIII. 317; XXI. 437, 443. 327.

on the Jesuits, XIII. 650; his influPARNASSUS, mountain, Greece, XVIII. William, third earl of Rosse, ence on French literature, ix. 661; on 318, 801; III. 58. astronomer, XX. 855.

the equilibrium of fluids, xii. 435; PARNELL, Henry Brook, Lord Congle- | PARSONSTOWN, town, Ireland, XVIII. on indivisibles in mathematics, xill. ton, VI. 265. 328.

6; on mathematical probability, xix. Thomas, Irish poet, xvIII. 318. PARTABGARH, district, Oudh, India, 769. PARNIANS, Parthian tribe, xvIII. 588. XVIII. 328.

Étienne, French lawyer, xvIII. PARNON, mountain, Greece, xiv. 193.

state, Rajputana, India, XVIII. 333. PARNY, Évariste D. de Forges, Vicomte 328; XX. 260.

Jacqueline, Port-Royalist, xviii. de, French poet, XVIII. 318. PARTANT POUR LA Syrie, French

333. PARO (Paros), island, Ægean Sea, XVIII. patriotic melody, XII. 210.

PASCAL'S THEOREM, in geometry, X. 319.

PARTHAMASPATES,
Parthian king,

397; XVIII. 338. PAROCHIAL RELIEF, XIX. 471.

XVIII. 604.

PASCHA, or Easter, church festival, vii. PARODY, XVIII. 319.

PARTHENIUS, Bithynian poet, XVIII. 614. PAROIKIA, town, Paros, Greek Archi 328.

PASCHAL I., pope, XVIII. 338. pelago, XVIII. 319.

-river, Paphlagonia, Asia Minor, II., pope, XVIII. 339; XIX. 499; PARONAXIA, islands, Ægean Sea, XVIII. XVIII. 227. 319.

PARTHENOGENESIS, of insects, XII. 574; CHRONICLES, Byzantine, iv. 614. PAROPAMISUS, or Paropanisus, range of XIII. 146; of plants, XX. 427.

CONTROVERSY, VII. 614. mountains, Persia, 11. 686; Greek PARTHENON, temple at Athens, II. 410; LAMB, XVIII. 343. colonies in the country of the, XVIII. III. 5; founded by Pericles, xvIII. PASCHASIUS (Radbertus), abbotof Corbie, 583.

529; architecture of, 11. 405; sculpPAROPANISADÆ, The, Parthian satrapy, tures of, 11. 356; XVIII. 734.

PASCO, or Cerro de Pasco, town, Peru, XVIII. 586, 592.

PARTHENOPE (Naples), ancient town, PARORIUS, district, Phrygia, Asia Italy, XVII. 190.

PAS DE CALAIS, department, France, Minor, xvIII. 852. PARTHENOPEAN REPUBLIC (1799), at

XVII. 339. PAROS, island, Ægean Sea, xviii. 319. Naples, IX. 79.

PASEK, John Chrysostom, Polish writer, PAROTITIS, disease, XVII. 22. PARTHIA, Kingdom of, Asia, XVIII. 587,

XIX. 302. PARQUETRY, mosaic flooring, XVIII. 320. 592; capital of, vi. 677; Roman wars PASENG, Persian wild goat, x. 708. PARR, fish, XVIII. 320; XXI. 224.

with, XX. 766, 774, 777; coins of, PASHUPATI, town, Nepal, xvII. 342. Catherine, wife of Henry VIII. of XVII. 659.

PASIG, river, Philippines, XV. 487. England, viii. 337; XI. 665.

PARTHIAN LANGUAGE, XVIII. 135. PASIS, aboriginal tribe, India, xvIII. Samuel, English scholar, XVIII. PARTHOLAN, in Irish legend, XIII. 243. 72. 320.

PARTHYENE, Parthian kingdom, xviII. PASIPHAE, wife of Minos, XVI. 478. - Thomas (Old Parr), his longevity, 592.

PASITELES, Roman sculptor, II. 365. XIV. 858.

PARTICLE, Physical, in mechanics, xv. PASKEWITCH, Ivan Fedorovitch, RusPARRA, genus of birds, XIII. 531.

698, 702, 704.

sian general, XVIII. 340; XXI. 101.

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XX. 791.

XX. 210.

V. 347

338.

603.

PASO ROBLES, spa, California, U.S.A., | PASTOR FIDO, Guarini's drama, VII. 418; | PATIALA, state, India, XVIII. 408. XVI. 436.

XI. 237; XVIII. 345.

PATIENT GRIZEL, romance, XX. 659. PASQUIER, Étienne, French lawyer and PASTOR OF HERMAS, early Christian PATIMOKKHA, Buddhist book, iv. 434. littérateur, XVIII. 340.

work, II. 197

PATINO (Patmos), island, Ægean Sea, PASQUINADE, or Pasquil, lampoon, PASTURAGE, grazing, I. 370.

XVIII. 408. XVIII. 341.

PASTURE, under irrigation, XIII. 368; Joseph, Spanish minister, XXII. PASQUIN STATUE, at Rome, XVIII. 341. hill, improvement of, I. 402. PASSAGNO, Italy, Tomb of Canova at, v. Common of, in law, VI. 209. PATKUL, John Reginald, executed by 26.

PASUMAHS, tribe, Sumatra, XXII. 640. Charles XII., V. 420. PASSAIC, river, New Jersey, U.S.A., PASUPATAS, Hindu sect, XXI. 291. PATMOS, island, Ægean Sea, XVIII. 408. XVII. 396.

PASURUAN, town, Java, XIII. 606. PATNA, district, Bengal, India, xvIII. PASSAMAQUODDY BAY, New Bruns PASVIK ELV, river, Norway, XVII. 576. 408. wick, XVII. 373.

PATAGONIA, region, South America, -, town, Bengal, India, XVIII. 409; PASSAROWITZ, Servia, Peace of (1718), XVIII. 352; exploration of, by Magel massacre of (1763), XII. 802. XXIII. 646.

lan, XV. 198; birds of, III. 745; state, Central Provinces, India, PASSAU, town, Bavaria, XVIII. 341. Indian tribes, I. 702; XII. 829.

XVIII. 409. PASSAVANTI, Jacopo, Italian writer, PATAGONIANS, of Chili, v. 619.

PATOS, island, West Indies, XXIII. 573. XIII. 505.

PATAH-HOTEP, Egyptian prince, XXIII. PATRAS, or Patræ, town, Greece, XVIII. PASSENGER-PIGEON, bird, xix. 85. 238.

409. PASSER, genus of birds, XXII. 369. PATAN, town, Nepal, XVII. 342.

-Lambert, French sculptor, XXI. PASSERAT, Jean, French poet, XVIII. PATANI, district, Malay Peninsula, xv. 564. 342.

322.

PATRIA POTESTAS, in Roman law, XX. PASSERES, group of birds, XVIII. 41, 47. PATAÑJALI, Sanskrit commentator, XXI. 671. PASSERITA, genus of snakes, XXII. 195. 292.

PATRIARCH, XVIII.

410; of Greek PASS EXAMINATIONS, VIII. 781. PATAPSCO, river, Maryland, U.S.A., XV. Church, III. 788; XI. 154. PASSIFLORA, genus of plants, XVIII.

PATRIARCHA, Filmer's work, ix. 166. 342; XI. 46.

PATARA, town, Asia Minor, xv. 93. PATRIARCHS, Testaments of the Twelve, PASSIONATE SHEPHERD, Marlowe's PATARENES, or Patareni, Italian sect, II. 18o. lyric, xv. 558.

XVIII. 354, 434; IX. 333; XXIV. 323. PATRICIAN, Roman, XVIII. 411; XVII. PASSIONFLOWER, plant, XVIII. 342; XI. PATAVIUM (Padua), ancient town, Italy, 525; XX. 732, 736; in Roman law, 46; XVI. 844. XVIII. 131.

XX. 669. PASSION-PLAYS, VII. 412; of Oberam- | PÂTÉ DE FOIE GRAS, XXII. 589. PATRICK, St, apostle of Ireland, xvIII. mergau, XVII. 703. PATELLA, Anatomy of the, 1. 829.

411; XIII. 248; in Scotland, XXI. 474. PASSIONS, Stoic doctrine of the, vili. -, genus of Mollusca, XVI. 645.

St, Order of, xiy. 124. 583; XXII. 567.

PATENTS, XVIII. 354; their origin in Simon, bishop of Ely, XVIII. 412; PASSION WEEK, XVIII. 343; XII. 106. monopolies, XVI. 757; laws relating to, hymns by, XII. 592. PASSOVER, Jewish festival, xvIII. 343, XVIII. 356.

PATRIK PEALE (G. A. Seckendorf), 511; institution of the Eucharist at, | PATERA, ancient dish, xix. 181.

German writer, XXI. 616. XIII. 668.

PATERCULUS, Marcus Velleius, Roman PATRIPASSIANISM, early Christian docPASSPORT, or Safe Conduct, XVIII. 344. historian, xvIII. 358.

trine, xiii. 671; XVI. 719; XXI. 127. PAST, Psychological presentation of the, PATERFAMILIAS, in Roman law, XX. PATROCLUS, Greek hero, 1. 95. XX. 64. 671, 713

PATRONAGE, Church, I. 179; III. 559; PASTASSA, river, South America, VII. PATERINES, or Patarenes (q.v.), Italian in Scottish Church, ix. 743; XIX. 685; 646. sect, XVIII. 354.

XXI. 519, 536, 539. PASTE, or Strass, in glass manufacture, PATERNITY, in medical jurisprudence, PATRON AND CLIENT, in Roman law, X. 664. XV. 779.

XVIII. 412; XX. 669. in pottery, xix. 601.

PATERNO, town, Sicily, XVIII. 359. PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY, political PASTES, of wheat flour, Italian, XV. 125. PATERNOSTER, island, Russia, XIV. society, U.S.A., XXIII. 786. PASTEUR, Louis, his experiments in 723.

PATRONYMICS, family names, XVII. cattle inoculation, XVII. 59; on fer- PATERSON, town, New Jersey, U.S.A., 169. mentation, ix. 95; on minute organ XVIII. 359.

PATTEN, Margaret, her longevity, xiv. isms, xxl. 400; his experiments on James, inventor of machine netting, 858. rabies, xx. 202; on diseases of silk

XVII. 359.

PATTESON, John Coleridge, missionary worm, XXII. 59.

William, English financier, XVIII. bishop of Melanesia, XVIII. 414; XXII. PASTIL, or Crayon, for drawing, vi. 555. 359; projector of Bank of England, 143. PASTILE, in pyrotechny, xx. 136.

III. 316.

PATTIDARI, land tenure, India, xvII. PASTILLE, perfume, XVIII. 526.

PATHAN DYNASTY, in Bengal, India, 573. PASTON LETTERS (1424-1506), xvIII. III. 569.

PATTINSON'S PROCESS, of lead-smelting, 344. PATHANS, tribe, India, XII. 746; XV.

XIV. 377. PASTOR, genus of birds, XXII. 457. 185; XVIII. 684; in Afghanistan, I. PATUXENT, river, Maryland, U.S.A., ÆTERNUS, Vatican decree, xxiv. 234.

xv. 603. PATHOLOGY, XVIII. 361 (index, 407); in PAU, town, France, XVIII. 414. PASTORAL, in literature, XVIII. 345. relation to medicine, xv. 794; com PAUCHONTEE, resinous substance, XI.

EPISTLES, of the New Testament, parative, xxiv. 200; Cullen's classifi 339. XVIII. 348.

cation of, vi. 695; Morgagni's contri- PAUL, St, the apostle, XVIII. 415; his LETTER, of a bishop, XVIII. 351. butions to, XVI. 822; Rokitansky's, Epistles, III. 642; XVIII. 348; his LIFE, I. 414. XX. 624.

Christology, XVIII. 747; his testimony

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to Jesus Christ, XIII. 659; his relations | PAULUS, Heinrich Eberhard Gottlob, | PAYNE, John Howard, American poet, with the Jewish Church at Rome, xx. German theologian, XVIII. 435; XX.

1. 722. 728.

290; on the life of Jesus, XIII. 672. - Roger, on bookbinding, IV. 42. PAUL, Apocalypse of, 11. 179.

, Julius, Roman jurist, XIII. 793; PAYSANDU, town, Uruguay, XVIII. 441; I., pope, XVIII. 430. XX. 711.

XXIV. 15. II., pope, XVIII. 430; XX. 559, - Lucius Æmilius, Roman general, Pays-Bas, or Holland (q.v.), XII. 59. 806.

XVIII. 435.

PAYS D'ÉTATS, outlying districts of III., pope, xvIII. 430; XIII. 482; ÆGINETA, Byzantine physician, France, ix. 567. XIX. 504; summons the council of XV. 804; on surgery, XXII. 675. PAYS DE VAUD, district, Switzerland, Trent, XXIII. 545; favours the Jesuits, DIACONUS, historian of the Lom

XXIV. 115 XIII. 652.

bards, xvIII. 436; his Homiliarium, PAYTA, town, Peru, XVIII. 441, 674. IV., pope, XVIII. 431; XIII. 482; XII. 125.

PAZAND, Persian form of writing, XVIII. XIX. 504; his relation to council of PAUMBEN PASSAGE, channel, Ceylon, 135. Trent, XXIII. 547.

V. 359; proposed canal at, iv. 792. PAZZI, Florentine family, xv. 785. V., pope, xvIII. 431; XIII. 483; PAUPERISM, xix. 462; Robert Owen Pea, plant, XVIII. 441; XII. 285; EgypXIX. 505; lays Venice under interdict, on, XVIII. 88; Rodbertus on,

tian pea, or chickpea, XI. 36. XXIV. 146; his opposition to Father 616.

PEABODY, town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., Sarpi, XXI. 311. PAUROPUS, genus of Myriapoda, xvII.

XVIII. 441. czar of Russia, XVIII. 431; XXI. 119.

George, American philanthropist, PAUSANIAS, Greek writer, XVIII. 437; XVIII. 442. Prince Eszterhazy de Galanta, his description of Athens, III. 9; on ACADEMY, Salem, Massachusetts, Austrian field-marshal, viii. 564. the Mysteries, XVII. 128.

U.S.A., XXI. 210. early Christian ascetic, xvi. 699. Spartan general, xvIII. 436; XI. INSTITUTE, Baltimore, U.S.A., III. Father (Sarpi), Italian divine,

298; xv. 604. XXI. 311; XVIII. 431; XIX. 505. PAUSILYPUS (Posillipo), near Naples, PEACE, The, Aristophanes's play, II. the Abbot, Syriac writer, XXII. burial-place of Virgil, XVII. 188.

509. 838.

PAVEMENT, XX. 584; of asphalt, 11. 716; International, xiii. 197. of Callinicus, Syriac writer, XXII. of encaustic tiles, VIII. 187; Minton's, Justice of the, XIII. 789. 834.

IV. 283; mosaic, xvi. 850; Assyrian, Quarter Sessions of the, law court, the Deacon, or Paulus Diaconus, II. 398. See also Paving.

XX. 159. historian, xvIII. 436; XII. 125. PAVIA, town, Italy, XVIII. 438; as Lom OF MÜNSTER, Helst's picture, XI.

of the Holy Faith (Han-Siro), a bard capital of Italy, XIII. 467; anti 641. Japanese exile, XXIV. 717.

pathy of, to Milan, XIII. 469; battle of PEACH, tree and fruit, xvIII. 442; XII. the Persian, Syriac writer, xxII. (1525), ix. 556; XIII. 482; bridge at, 272; peach-house, XII. 224. 837.

IV. 331; Certosa of, xxi. 569; XXIII. PEACHAM, Edmund, his trial for of Samosata, bishop of Antioch, 194; church of San Michele, 11. 435; treason, III. 205. XVIII. 429; XVI. 719.

sculpture in, XXI. 568 ; university, PEACH-KERNEL OIL, XVII. 744. of Tella, Syriac writer, XXII. 825. XXIII. 836.

PEACOCK, bird, xviii. 443. ANTHONY, Prince Eszterhazy de PAVILLIARD, Gibbon's tutor, x. 575.

George, English mathematician, Galanta, Austrian diplomatist, VIII. PAVING, in bricks and tiles, iv. 466; XVIII. 443. 564. XXIII. 389; in stone, Iv. 473.

Thomas Love, English novelist, AND VIRGINIA, Saint-Pierre's tale, TILES, XXIII. 389; IV. 466.

XVIII. 444. XXI. 196.

PAVLODAR, town, Russia in Asia, XXI. PEA-Fowl, XVIII. 443; XIX. 647. PAULDING, James Kirke, American 639.

PEA NUT, XI. 221. politician and writer, XVIII. 432; I. PAVLOGRAD, town, Russia, xvIII. 439. PEAR, tree and fruit, xvIII. 445; XII. 725. PAVLOVSK, town, Russia, XXI. 190, 194;

274; manufacture of

perry from, PAULET, Sir Amyas, keeper of Mary, XXIV. 298.

XVIII. 557 queen of Scots, xv. 600; his relations Pavo, genus of birds, XVIII. 443. PEARL, XVIII. 446; in mussels, xvII. with Wolsey, xxiv. 634. Pawn, in law, xix. 220.

110; fisheries, in Arabia, Il. 245; III. PAULGAUT, town, India, XVIII. 182. PAWNBROKING, XIII. 188; XIX. 220. 240; Ceylon fisheries, V. 364. PAULI, Reinhold, German historian, PAWNEES, American Indians, XII. 827, river, Louisiana, U.S.A., XV. 20. XVIII. 432.

ISLANDS, South Pacific, XXIII. 602. Simon, German anatomist, I. 811. PAWTUCKET, town, Rhode Island, MOSQUE, Agra, India, I. 286. PAULICIANS, religious sect, xvIII. 433;

OYSTERS, of Ceylon, V. 364. 1. 454; XX. 321.

Paxo, or Paxos, Ionian Island, Greece, PEARLSTONE, mineral, x. 234. PAULINISM, versus Petrinism, Baur's XVIII. 439; XIII. 205.

PEARSALL, Robert Lucas, English views on, III. 449, 644. PAX ROMANA, XXIII. 591.

musical composer, XV. 192. PAULINUS, St, bishop of Nola, xvIII. PAXTON, Sir Joseph, English architect, PEARSON, John, his experiments in 434. XVIII. 440.

vaccination, XIII. 623. early Christian missionary in Pay, in British army, 11. 576; in navy, John, bishop of Chester, xvIII. Northumbria, vii. 691; XVII. 569. XVII. 297 Syriac writer, XXII. 828.

PAYÉ, South-American sorcerer, xv. PEASANT PROPRIETORS, I. 414. PAULITE, mineral, XVI. 415.

PEASANTS' REVOLT, in England (1381), PAULLUS, or Paulus, Lucius Æmilius, PAYER, Julius, Austrian Arctic explorer,

XX. 541. Roman general, xvIII. 435.

XIX. 323.

PEASANTS' WAR, in Germany (1525), 1. PAULONUS, or Paulinus, Syriac writer, PAYMASTER, Naval, XVII. 294.

786; XV. 78; Münzer's connexion with, XXII. 828. PAYMENT, in law, xvIII. 440.

XVII. 32.

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