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III. 100.

OTHMAN, caliph, XVI. 548, 549, 563. OSMOSIS, absorption process in plants, | OSTROG, town, Russia, XXIV. 282. XIX. 44.

OSTROGOTHS, or East Goths, x. 848; in or Osman, I., Turkish ruler, XXIII. OSNABRÜCK, town, Prussia, XVIII. 55.

time of Theodosius I., XXIII. 257; law 640. OSORIO, Geronymo, Portuguese writer, code of, XXI. 216.

II., Turkish sultan, XXIII. 644; XVIII. 56.

OSTROGOZHSK, town, Russia, XXIV. 298. XVIII. 55. OSPREY, bird, XVIII. 56.

OSTROLENKA, town, Russia, xiv. 817. BEN AFFAN, Mohammed's son-inOSRED, Northumbrian king, XVII. 570. OSTROW, town, Russia, xiv. 817.

law, XVI. 548, 563, 604. OSRHOENE, district, Mesopotamia, XVIII. OSTROWICE, town, Poland, xx. 218. OTIORHYNCHUS, genus of insects, XXIV. 57; XVI. 47. OSTSEE (Baltic, q.v.), III. 293.

238. Osric, Northumbrian king, XVII. 570.

OSTSWINE, town, Prussia, xxiv. 633. Otis, genus of birds, iv. 579. OSROES, Parthian ruler, XVIII. 603. OSTUNI, town, Italy, XVIII. 63.

James, American lawyer and poliOssa, mountain, Thessaly, Greece, Öst-VAAGö, island, Norway, xiv. 769. tician, XVIII. 67; 1. 721; XXIII. 736. XXIII. 298.

OSTYAKS, or Ostiaks, Finnish tribe, Otitis, or Ear-Ache, disease, VII. 594. OSSAU, mountain, France, xx. 126. XVIII, 61; XXI. 251.

OTLEY, town, England, xvIII. 68. OSSEINE, constituent of bone, XVIII. OSUNA, town, Spain, XVIII. 63; XXI. OTOBA BUTTER, vegetable fat, XVII. 744. 815.

708.

OTOCORYS, genus of birds, XIV. 316. OSSEOUS TISSUE, or Bone, I. 853.

Duke of, Quevedo's relations with, OTOCYON, genus of carnivorous mamOSSET-CUM-GAWTHORPE, town, Eng

XX. 178.

mals, XV. 439. land, XVIII. 57.

OSWALD, king of Northumbria, XVIII. OTOES, American-Indian tribe, XII. 832. OSSETES, Circassian race of people, v. 63; XVII. 569; XXI. 475.

OTORRHEA, disease of the ear, VII. 594. 257

OSWALDTWISTLE, town, England, xvIII. OTRANTO, town, Italy, XVIII. 68. OSSETIC LANGUAGE, Dictionary of, vii. 64.

- Duke of (Joseph Fouché), IX. 476. 190.

OSWEGO, town, New York, U.S.A., Orric of Saxony, mediæval teacher, OSSETR, fish, xxII. 612.

XVIII. 64.

XXII. 74. OSSIAN, Poems of, xv. 166; V. 331; IX.

FLOUR, XV. 310.

OTTAWA, town, Canada, XVIII. 68; 75; X. 13; Blair's dissertation on, III. OSWESTRY, town, England, XVIII. 64. XX. 165; XXI. 181.

803; Italian translation of, v. 366. OSWIECIM (Auschwitz), town, Austria, town, Illinois, U.S.A., XVIII. 69. OSSIFRAGE, bird, XIV. 244; XVIII. 56.

OTTAWAS, American-Indian tribe, XII. Ossoli, Marchioness, American author. Oswin, St, Priory of, Tynemouth, Eng 831. ess, XVIII. 57

land, xxIII. 675.

OTTENSEN, town, Prussia, xvIII. 69. OSTADE, Adrian, Dutch painter, XVIII. OSWULF, king of Northumbria, XVII. OTTER, carnivorous mammal, XVIII. 57. 570.

69; XV. 439; skins of, ix. 838; huntIsaac, Dutch painter, XVIII. 59.

Oswy, king of Northumbria, XVII. 569. ing, XII. 396. OSTASHKOFF, town, Russia, XVIII. 59; OSYUT (Asioot, q.v.), town, Upper OTTERBEIN, P. W., founder of United XXIII. 672. Egypt, XXII. 103.

Brethren in Christ, XXIII. 727. OSTEND, town, Belgium, XVIII. 60; OTAGO, town, New Zealand, XVII. 470; OTTERBURN, England, Battle of (1388), siege of (1601), XII. 78. university of, XVII. 470; XXIII. 856.

XXI. 490. OSTENSION, Fête d', at Limoges, Xiv. OTAHEITI (Tahiti), island, Pacific, OTTEREN, river, Norway, XVII. 575. 652.

XXIII. 22.

OTTER-HOUNDS, XII. 316. OSTEOID TUMOURS, XVIII. 371.

OTAMISH, division of Turkomans, xvi. OTTER-HUNTING, XII. 396. OSTEOLOGY, 1. 820. See also XXII. 105. 43.

OTTER PEAK, mountain, Virginia, OSTEOMALACIA, disease, XVIII. 375. OTARIIDÆ, family of carnivorous mam U.S.A., XXIII. 794. OSTEOMATA, outgrowths of bone, XVIII. mals, XV. 442.

Otto, or Otho (q.v.), emperors, XVIII. 371. OTFRID, or Otfried, German poet, x.

66, 67. OSTER, town, Russia, XXIII. 96.

517, 522.

-Dr, his gas-engine, XXII. 523. OSTERGÖTLAND, county, Sweden, XXII. OTHELLO, Shakespeare's play, XXI. 764; OTTOBONI, Pietro (Pope Alexander 741. source of the plot, x. 620.

VIII.), I. 490. OSTERSTEIN, castle, Germany, X. 438. OTHER, or Ohthere, Norse navigator, OTTOCAR I.-II., kings of Bohemia, III. OSTERVALD, Jean Frédéric, Swiss XIX. 316; 1. 507.

860. theologian, XVIII. 60.

OTHGAR, Frankish margrave, XX. 651. OTTOMAN EMPIRE, XXIII. 640. OSTGAARD, N. R., Norwegian novelist, ОTHIYYOTH DE-RABBI AKIBAH, Mid OTTOMAN LITERATURE, XXIII. 640, XVII. 592. rash, XVI. 286.

656. OSTHEIM, district, Germany, XXI. 349. Otho I., emperor, XVIII. 66; X. 483 ; | OTTOMANS, or Ottoman Turks, XXIII. Ostia, ancient town, Italy, XVIII. 60. XIII. 469; XX. 788.

661; in Greece, XI. 120. OSTIAKS, Finnish tribe, Siberia, XVIII. II., emperor, XVIII. 66; X. 485. OTTOMAQUES, tribe of South-American 61; in Russia, XXI. 251.

III., emperor, XVIII. 66; X. 485; Indians, I. 703. OSTPREUSSEN, province, Prussia, xx. XX. 790; in Italy, XIX. 497 ; in OTTO (or ATTAR) OF ROSES, perfume, 19. Poland, xix. 286.

III. 52; XX. 851. OSTRACISM, Athenian political institu IV., emperor, XVIII. 67; X. 491. OTTOWALD, mountain, Germany, xxi. tion, xvIII. 61; XI. 97.

(of Nordheim), duke of Bavaria,

349. OSTREA, genus of Mollusca, xvI. 638, XI. 667.

OTTRELITE, mineral, XVI. 413. 685, 694; XVIII. 106.

king of Greece, XI. 125.

OTTUMWA, town, Iowa, U.S.A., XVIII. OSTRICH, bird, XVIII. 62; African, prince of Savoy, XXI. 339.

70. 1. 259; American, xx. 505; Arabian, of Freising, German historian, OTUMBA, Mexico, Battle of (1520), VI. II. 243; Patagonian, XVIII. 353; XVIII. 67; XIX. 714.

442. feathers of, ix. 60; XVIII. 63.

- Marcus Salvius, Roman emperor, OTWAY, Thomas, English dramatist, OSTROFF, town, Russia, xx. 36.

XVIII. 64.

XVIII. 70; VII. 435.

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OUACHITA, river, Louisiana, U.S:A., OVERBECK, Johann Friedrich, German OWEN STANLEY MOUNTAINS, New XV. 20. painter, XVIII. 76.

Guinea, XVII. 387. OUB, river, Namaqualand, South Africa, OVERBURY, Sir Thomas, his poisoning, OWEN TUDOR, his marriage to Catherine XVII. 168. XXII. 260.

of Valois, V. 237. OUDART, Paul Louis, illustrator of birds, OVER DARWEN, town, England, xviii. Owl, bird, XVIII. 88. XVIII. 12.

77.

OWL-PARROT, of New Zealand, XIII. OUDE, or Oudh, province, India, xvIII. OVERGNAGHI, political party of mediæ 825. 71; XII. 809.

val Italy, xiv. 768.

OWNERSHIP, in law, xix. 560. OUDENARDE, town, Belgium, XVIII. 71; OVERHAIR, in fur, 1x. 836.

OWYHEE, river, Nevada, U.S.A., XVII. battle of (1707), 111, 126; IX. 582; XV. OVERHEAD RAILWAYS, XX. 240.

367. 555. OVER-TIDES, XXIII. 362, 365.

Ox, XV. 432. See also Cattle. OUDH, province, India, XVIII. 71; | OVERTURE, in music, XVII. 87, 95. OXALIC ACID, XVIII. 91; as a poison, annexation of, by the British, XII. 809; OVERYSSEL, province, Holland, xvii.

XIX. 277. birds of, 111. 762.

77.

OXALIS, genus of plants, XII. 285. OUDINOT, Charles Nicolas, duke of Ovitos, musk-ox, XVII. 108.

OXALITE, mineral, XVI. 428. Reggio, French marshal, xvIII. 73. OviD (Publius Ovidius Naso), Roman Ox-BIRD, XXI. 260. OUDNEY, Dr, African traveller, v. 801. poet, XVIII. 78; XX. 723; language OXENSTIERNA, Axel, count of, Swedish OUGHTRED, William, English mathe and style of, xiv. 335; representative statesman, XVIII. 92; V. 702; XXII. 748. matician, XVIII. 74; 1. 514. of the Augustan age, III. 83.

Johan Gabriel, Swedish poet, XXII. OULLINS, town, France, XX. 529. OVIEDO, Kingdom of, Spain, XXII. 756. OUNALASKA, island, Aleutian group, 311.

OXEYE, bird, XXIII. 419. North Pacific, I. 480.

province, Spain, 11. 824; XVIII. 84. OXFORD, county, England, xviii. 93; OUNCE, carnivorous mammal, xv. 435. , town, Spain, XVIII. 84; church of representation, XXIII. 727. OUNDLE, town, England, xvII. 556. Sta Maria de Naranco near, 11. 432.

town, England, xvIII. 94; boatOUPLYTZ, fortress, Georgia, Russia, x. Y VALDEZ, Gonzalo Fernandez de, racing at, XXI. 31; colleges, viii. 317; 785. Spanish historian, xvIII. 84.

libraries, xiv. 519, 544; Arundelian OURCQ CANAL, Paris, XVIII. 285. OVIFAK, Greenland, Nickel iron found marbles, 11. 671; observatories, xvII. OURGA, or Urga, town, Mongolia, XXIV. at, XVI. 113.

710; heliometer in observatory, xxIII. Ovists, versus Animalculists, xxiv. 149; newspapers, XVII. 422; university, OURIQUE, or Orik, Spain, Battle of 815.

XXIII. 837, 838, 852; 1. 69; Provisions (1139), XIX. 540.

Ovo, Castel dell’, Naples, XVII. 189. of (1258), VIII. 311; XVI. 788; Anthony OURO PRETO, town, Brazil, XVIII. 74. Ovoca, vale, Wicklow, Ireland, xxiv. Wood's History of, xxiv. 643. OUSE, river, Sussex, England, XXII. 723. 557.

First Earl of, English statesman, river, Yorkshire, England, xxiv. OVRUTCH, town, Russia, XXIV. 282. XVIII. 99; his relations with Dean 747.

OVULE, rudimentary seed, in plants, iv. Swift, XXII. 764. Great, river, England, 111. 483; IV. 145.

METHODISM, XVI. 185. 727; XII. 397; XVII. 536.

OVULUM, genus of Mollusca, XVI. 651. OXHAVEERITE, mineral, xvi. 421. OUSEL, bird, xvIII. 74.

OVUM, in animals, l. 844; XX. 413; Ox Hides, for tanning, xiv. 380, 383. OUSELEY, Sir F. A. G., his experiments fertilization of, XXI. 721; of mammals, OXIDATION COLOURS, for calico-printon resultant tones, XVII. 93.

XV. 368; works on its structure and ing, iv. 689. Sir William, English Orientalist, morphology, viii. 168.

OXIDATIONS, in plants, XIX. 51. XVIII. 75.

OWASCO, Lake, New York, U.S.A., XVII. OXIDES, oxygen compounds, in chemistry, OUSTItis, or Marmosets, group of apes, 451.

V.477, 544; XVI. 61; group of minerals, OWEGO, town, New York, U.S.A., XVI. 385; of carbon, v. 87; of iron, OUTCROP, of rocks, in geology, x. 298. XVIII. 85.

XIII. 279; of mercury, xvi. 33; of OUTFANGTHEOF, Cinque Port privilege, OWEN,John(1560-1622), Latin epigram platinum, XIX. 192; of potassium, xix. V. 787 matist, xvIII. 85.

591; of silver, XXII. 71. OUTLAW, in English law, XVIII. 75.

John (1616-1683), Puritan theo-Oxley, John, Australian explorer, III. OUTPOSTS, of an army, XXIV. 363.

logian, XVIII. 85; XII. 728; on Preshy 104. OUTRAM, Sir James, English general, terianism, XIX. 689.

OXLIP, plant, XIX. 737. XVIII. 76.

Sir Richard, on birds, XVIII. 24; on

Oxon, or Oxford, county, England, OUTRIGGER, racing boat, XXI. 31, 805.

the classification of reptiles, XX. 438; XVIII. 93; XXIII. 727. OVA, of fishes, IX. 244; XII. 660.

his zoological classification, xxiv. 807. Ox-Power, in mechanics, XV. 772. OVA-HERERO, African tribes, XVII. 319. Robert, English philanthropist OXTON, town, England, XVII. 599. OVAR, town, Portugal, xvIII. 76; XIX. and socialist, xvii. 86; XXII. 207, Oxus, river, Central Asia, xvIII. 101; 537. 209; on communism, VI. 211.

XI. 822; XXIII. 511, 512; at Khiva, OVARIOTOMY, in surgery, XXII. 690.

GLENDOWER, Welsh prince, X. XIV. 63. OVARY, of mammals, xv. 368; function 678; VIII. 320; XI. 660.

OXYBII, Ligurian tribe, xiv. 639. of, in reproduction, XX. 407.

OWENSBOROUGH, town, Kentucky, Oxy-CALCIUM LAMP, XV. 212. OVATION, honour to Roman conquerors, U.S.A., xvIII. 88.

OXYGEN, chemical element, V. 479; its XVIII. 76.

OWENS COLLEGE, Manchester, England, action in iron and steel, XIII. 284; in OVEN, heating chamber, xvIII. 76; III. XV. 462; XXIII. 854.

ocean water, XXI. 612; as plant-food, 257; VI. 118; IX. 840.

OWEN'S LAKE, California, U.S.A., IV. XIX. 48; spectrum of, XXII. 375; OVENUS (John Owen), Latin epigram 698.

thermometric properties of, xi. 574; matist, XVIH. 85.

OWENSON, Sydney (Lady Morgan), Lavoisier's theory of, XIV. 353. OVERBECK, Baron von, settler, North English novelist, xvi. 823.

OXYHÆMOGLOBIN, constituent of red Borneo, XXI. 124.

Owen's RIVER, California, Iv. 698. blood-corpuscles, XX. 483.

II. 154.

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OXYHYDROGEN FLAME, XVIII. 105. PACIOLI, Fra Luca, Italian painter, xix. | PAGANIS, Hugh de, founder of Knights OXYNOTUS, genus of birds, xviii. 106. 82.

Templars, XXIII. 160. OXYSULPHURETS, minerals, XVI. 396. PACK, Hydropathic, XII. 544.

PAGANISM, in relation to Christianity, OXYURIS, genus of nematode worms, PACKET-SERVICES, Postal, xix. 567. V. 694; VIII. 623. XVII. 324; XXIV. 205.

PACKFONG, German silver, X. 446. PAGASÆUS SINUS, Greece, xxIII. 299; OYER AND TERMINER, in English law, PACOCHA, town, Peru, xvIII. 674.

XXIV. 282. XVIII. 106.

PACORUS I., Parthian king, xvIII. 597. PAGE, valet or damoiseau, in chivalry, OYKEL, river, Scotland, xx. 854.

II., Parthian king, xvIII. 603. XIV. 117; royal, of England, XXI. 38. Ovo, town, West Africa, XXIV. 754. PACTA CONVENTA, articles signed by .C. G., his discovery of electroOYSTER, edible mollusc, xvIII. 106; Polish kings, XIX. 292.

magnetic sounds, XXIII. 127. XVI. 638, 694; artificial propagation PACTOLUS, river, Asia Minor, xv. 99; | PAGEANTS, Dramatic, VII. 416. of, xix. 128; dredge for, vii. 460; the golden stream of Sardis, XXI. 310. PAGET, Henry Williain, marquis of destruction of beds, xix. 126; fisheries PACUVIUS, Marcus, Roman tragic poet, Anglesey, II. 30. for, ix. 265, 523; at Sables d'Olonne, XVIII. 129; language of, xiv. 332. PAGING Books, Machinery for, XXII. France, XXI. 129; of Chesapeake Bay, PADAMO, river, South America, xvII. 461. U.S.A., III. 299.

843

PAGLIORBA, Mont, Corsica, Vi. 439. BAY, town, Long Island, New PADANG, residency and town, Sumatra, PAGODAS, of Burmah, 11. 397; Chinese, York, U.S.A., XIV. 866. XXII. 639.

II. 449; of India, 11. 396; porcelain, CATCHER, bird, xvIII. III. PADAS, river, North Borneo, XXI. 123. at Nanking, xvII. 172; ruins of the OZAKA, town, Japan, XVIII. III; XI11.578. PADDINGTON, district of London, xiv. Thousand Pagodas, Java, IV. 214. OZANAM, Antoine Frédéric, French Neo 822.

PAGUS, hill near Smyrna, Asia Minor, Catholic critic, XVIII. 112.

PADDLE-WHEEL STEAM SHIPS, XXI. XXII. 186. OZARK MOUNTAINS, U.S.A., I. 678. 824.

PAHANG, district, Malay Peninsula, xv. OZEROFF, Vladislaff A., Russian drama- PADDY-BIRD, XXI. 782.

322; river, XV. 321. tist, XXI. 106.

PADERBORN, town, Prussia, XVIII. PAHLAVI, language of the Zoroastrian OZOCERITE, or Ozokerite, mineral wax, 130.

sacred books, xvIII. 134, 655; dicXVIII. 112; XVI. 429.

PADIHAM, town, England, xvIII. 130. tionary of, vii. 190. OZOLÆ, Locri, ancient Greek people, PADILLA, Juan Lopez de, Spanish insur- PAI FANG, monuments, China, II. 449. XIV. 764.

rectionary leader, XVIII. 130; V. 414; | PAI-HOI, mountains, Russia, xxiv. 3. OZONE, form of oxygen, XVIII. 113; V. XXII. 328.

PAI KULI, Fire temple of, Kurdistan, 481.

Maria de, mistress of Pedro I. of

XIV. 159.
Castile, XVIII. 450; XXII. 320.

PAILLE-MAILLE, game, vi. 608.
PADLOCK, lock, XIV. 744.

Pai Loo, or Pai Fang, monuments, P,

the sixteenth letter of the alphabet, PADUA, town, Italy, XVIII. 131; Arena China, II. 449. XVIII. 114.

chapel at, II. 455; school of medicine, PAIN, Sensations of, XXIII. 482; psychoPABAK, Persian prince, xvIII. 607. XV. 809; observatory, XVII. 713; logical analysis of, xx. 40, 67, 71; PACASMAYO, town, Peru, XVIII. 674. school of painting, XXI. 436, 442; mesmeric insensibility to, XV. 281. PACATIANA, Phrygian province, xvIII. pictures, XXI. 447; sculpture, xxi. PAINE, Thomas, social and political 852. 569; university, xxIII. 833, 836.

writer, xvIII. 136; his influence on PACCHERI, Antonio, encaustic painter, PADUCAH, town, Kentucky, U.S.A., the American revolution, XXIII. 742; VIII. 186. XVIII. 132.

Erskine's defence of, vill. 530. PACCHIA, Girolamo del, Italian painter, PADUS (Po), river, Italy, XIX. 251. Paint, Luminous, xiv. 603. XVIII. 114.

PÆDAGOGICS, science of education, VII. PAINTED BUNTING, bird, XVII. 534. PACCHIAROTTO, Jacopo, Italian painter, 677

PAINTERS, List of the chief, XXI. 442. XVIII. 114.

PÆDAGOGUE, The, by Clement of PAINTERS' Colic, disease, Vi. 140. PACCHIONIAN BODIES, in the brain, I. Alexandria, v. 819.

PAINTERS-WORK, in building, iv. 510. 865.

PÆONIA, district, north of Macedonia, PAINTING, XXI. 433; XVIII. 137; as a PACHECO, Francisco, Spanish painter, xv. 136.

fine art, ix. 206; in relation to poetry, XVIII. 114; his relations with Velaz

> genus
of plants, XVIII. 132.

XIX. 262; encaustic, viII. 185; fresco, quez, XXIV. 131.

PÆONY, plant, XVIII. 132; XII. 257. IX. 769; on glass, X. 667; mural, xvI. Juan V. G., Spanish governor of Paesi, Il Giovane de' (Girolamo Muzi 39; ancient classical, 11. 353, 358, 363, Mexico, XVI. 219. ano), Italian painter, XVII. 114.

366; academies of, I. 78; Leonardo's PACHNOLITE, mineral, XVI. 384. PAESIELLO, Paisiello, Giovanni, treatise on, XIV. 462. PACHOMIUS, founder of the monastic Italian musical composer, XVIII. 140;

Schools of, XXI. 433. life, l. 10; XVI. 699.

PAINTS, or Pigments, XIX. 85. PACHUCA, town, Mexico, XVI. 214. PÆSTUM, Greek town, Italy, XVIII. 132; PAISANO, bird, vi. 687. PACHYDERMATA, division of ungulate temple at, II. 410.

Paisi, Bulgarian monk, XXII. 150. Mammalia, XV. 421.

PÆTUS, Thrasea, Roman Stoic, xvIII. PAISIELLO, Giovanni, Italian musical PACHYMERES, Georgius, Byzantine his 663

composer, XVIII. 140; XVIII. 99. torian, iv. 613.

PAEZ, José Antonio, president of PAISLEY, town, Scotland, xvIII. 140. PACHYTYLUS, genus of locusts, XIV. 765. Venezuela, XVIII. 133.

PAITA, or Payta, town, Peru, XVIII. 441. PACIFIC OCEAN, XVIII. 114; first seen Pedro, Jesuit missionary to PÁJARES, pass, Spain, XXII. 293. by Balbao, III. 274; explorations of, Abyssinia, XVIII. 133.

PAJOU, Augustin, French sculptor, XVIII. X. 193, 195; marine fishes of, XII. 679; PAGAN, Comte de, on fortification, ix. 141. islands, XIX. 418. 441.

PAKHOI, town, China, XVIII. 141. PACINIAN CORPUSCLES, attached to PAGANINI, Nicolo, Italian violinist, PAKHT, Egyptian divinity, VII. 718. nerves, 1. 862.

XVIII. 134.

PAKLAT LANG, town, Siam, XXI. 853.

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XVII. 99.

II. 23.

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PAKNAM, town, Siam, xxi. 853. PALANPUR, native state, India, xvIII. PALINGENESIS, Ballanché's work on, III. Pho, river, Siam, XXI. 850. 166.

286. PAK PATTAN, town, India, XVI. 789. PALATE, 1. 825, 895; VII. 223; XXIII. PALIO DELLE CONTRADE, Sienese PALACKY, Frantisek, Bohemian his 79; of mammals, xv. 361.

festival, xxII. 38. torian, XVIII. 142.

PALATINATE, The, province, Bavaria, PALISADE, in fortification, IX. 422. PALADIN, knight, XVIII. 142.

XVIII. 166; III. 453.

PALISADES, The, New York, U.S.A., PALA D'ORO, altarpiece, St Mark's, PALATINE, Counties, in England, vi.

XXIII. 795. Venice, XXIV. 152; VIII. 183.

513

Palissy, Bernard, French potter, xvIII. PALÆARCTIC REGION, in zoology, VII. Hill, Rome, xx. 822.

186; XIX. 629. 269.

PALATINES, Polish senators, xix. 288. PALITANA, state, India, XVIII. 187. PALÆICHTHYES, subclass of fishes, XII. PALATINE SALII, Roman priests, xv. PALLA, or Pallium, the pall, an ecclesi685. 570.

astical dress, XVIII. 189; VI. 461, 463. PALÆMON, genus of crustaceans, XXI. PALAWAN, island, Philippines, XVIII. or Pallium, Roman dress, Vi. 453, 847. 752.

456; XXIII. 207. PALÆOCRYSTIC SEA, XIX. 320, 328. PALAZZOLO, town, Italy, XVIII. 167.

Giuoco della, Italian tennis, XXIII. PALÆOGRAPHY, XVIII. 143; Egyptian, PALE, in heraldry, XI. 694.

179. XI. 794; Greek, XIX. 610; Hebrew, PALEARIO, Aonio, Italian humanist and PALLADIA, wife of Salvian, XXI. 238. XI. 597; Mexican, XVI. 212; Madden's Reformer, xvIII. 167.

PALLADIO, Andrea, Italian architect, work on, xv. 176. See also Alphabet PALEMBANG, residency and town, Suma XVIII. 187; II. 438, 440. and Inscriptions.

tra, XXII. 639.

PALLADIUM, or Palladion, image of PALÆOLITHIC PERIOD, in archæology, PALENCIA, province, Spain, XVIII. 168. Pallas, XVIII. 188; 11. 831; XXIII. II. 336.

į town, Spain, XVIII. 168; uni 583. PALÆOLOGUS, Byzantine family name, versity, xxIII. 839.

metal, xix. 189, 193; XVI. 383; as XVIII. 165.

PALENQUE, Ruins of, Mexico, XVIII. chemical element, v. 538; discovery Andronicus II., Byzantine emperor, 168; 1. 693; II. 450.

of, xxiv. 633. PALEOPREVESA, town, Greece, XVII. PALLADIUS, St, early missionary to John V., Byzantine emperor, V. 27. 490.

Ireland, XIII. 247. John VI. and VII., Byzantine em PALERMO, town, Sicily, XVIII. 160; Rutilius Taurus Æmilianus, Roman perors, XIII. 713.

XXII. 23, 31; libraries, XIV. 530, 548; writer, XVIII. 188. Manuel II., Byzantine emperor, observatory, xvII. 714; ancient silk PATRICK, bishop in Ireland, xvIII. XV. 505. weaving industry, XXIII. 208.

412. Michael VIII., Byzantine emperor,

PALES, Italian deity, XVIII. 170. PALLANTIA (Palencia), ancient town, XI. 120; XVI. 227.

PALESTINE, country, Western Asia, Spain, xvIII. 168. PALÆONEMERTEA, suborder of worms, XVIII. 170; XXII. 821; XXIII. 653; PALLANZA, town, Italy, xv. 198. XVII. 326, 330.

conquest of, by the Arabs, 11. 257 ; | PALLAS, asteroid, 11. 806. PALÆONTOLOGY, in geology, X. 319; in settlement of Israelites in, XIII. 400; Peter Simon, German naturalist

relation to archæology, 11. 333; of in time of the crusades, VI. 627 ; and traveller, xvIII. 188; on birds, animals, VII. 281; of birds, III. 728; ancient agriculture of, I. 292; coins of, XVIII. 8. of fishes, XII. 666; mammalian, xv. XVII. 650; modern, Jews in, XIII. ATHENE, II. 830; owl of, XVIII. 374; of American mammals, l. 682; 686.

91. Agassiz's researches in, I. 275; Lyell's PALESTRINA (Præneste), town, Italy, PALLAS'S SAND-GROUSE, Irruptions of, contributions to, XV. 102. XIX. 654.

III. 770.

See also XXI. 259. PALÆORNIS, genus of birds, XVIII. 321. Giovanni Pierluigi da, Italian PALLAVAS, dynasty, Mysore, India, XVII. PALÆOTHERIUM, genus of fossil ungu musical composer, xvIII. 178; XVII. 123. late mammals, XV. 429.

84.

PALLAVICINO, Ferrante, Italian satirist, PALÆOTYPE, system of writing speech PALETTE, Painter's, XVIII. 137.

XVIII. 188. sounds, A. J. Ellis's, l. 608; list of PALEY, William, English theologian and Sforza, cardinal, xvIII. 189. symbols, XXII. 385.

philosopher, XVIII. 181; ethics of, PALLENE, Mount, Macedonia, XV. 138. PALÆOZOIC Rocks, X. 328.

VIII. 605.

PALLIATA, section of Mollusca, XVI. PALÆPHATUS, Greek writer, XVIII. 166. PALFYN, Jean, on surgical anatomy, I. 655. PALÆPOLIS, ancient town, Italy, XVII. 815.

Roman comedy, VII. 41 1. 190.

PALGHAT, town, India, xvIII. 182. PALLISER SHELL AND SHOT, 1. 745. PALÆSTRA, or Wrestling School, X. 64; PALGRAVE, Sir Francis, English his PALLIUM, ecclesiastical dress, XVIII. Olympian, XVII. 767.

torian, XVIII. 182; on English state 189; VI. 461, 463. PALÆTYRUS, part of ancient Tyre, XXIII. papers, XX. 313.

ancient cloak, VI. 453, 456; 711.

PALHANPOOR (Palanpur), native state, XXIII. 207. PALAFOX Y MELZI, José de, duke of India, xvIII. 166.

PALM, tree, XVIII. 189; as garden tree, Saragossa, Spanish general, xvIII. 166. PALI, Buddhist language, xvIII. 183; XII. 267; stem of, iv. 104; cocoa-nut, PALAGONITE, rock, X. 235.

literature in, xvIII. 184; of Ceylon, of Ceylon, V. 363; sugar, XXII. 628; PALAMAU, division, India, Xiv. 806. V. 366; dictionaries of, vii. 191. Indian palms, XII. 748. PALAMCOTTA, town, India, XXIII. 405. PALICE OF HONOUR, Gawain Douglas's Johann, German bookseller shot PALAMEDEA, genus of birds, XXI. 552. poem, vil. 377.

by Napoleon, xvII. 663. PALAMEDES, romance, xx. 648. PALILIA, Roman festival, xviii. 170.

Johannes Henricus van der, Dutch PALAMIDHI, fortress, Nauplia, Greece, PALIMPSESTS, manuscripts, XVIII. 185, historian, XII. 97. XVII. 249.

162; IV. 38; of brass, IV. 219.

PALMA, island, Canaries, IV. 799. PALAMITES (Hesychasts), sect of Greek PALINDROME, reversible sentence, xvIII. town, Majorca, Spain, xviii. 191; Church, XI. 782. 186.

church at, II. 433.

XXV. 42

XIX. 492.

210.

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PALMA, Giovane, Italian painter, XVIII. PALWAL, town, India, XVIII. 203. PANCRATIUM, Roman athletic sport, III. 192.

PAMAKASAN, town, Madura, Indian 12; X. 63. Jacopo, Italian painter, XVIII. 191. Archipelago, XV. 193.

PANCREAS, Anatomy of the, VII. 232; Ricardo, Peruvian writer, xvIII. PAMALANG, town, Java, xiii. 606.

its function, xvII. 674. 676.

PAMALI, Javanese taboo, XXIII. 17. PANCREATIC JUICE, XVII. 676.
CAMPANIA, town, Italy, XVIII. PAMBAI, river, India, XXIII. 525. PANCREATINE, ferment, IX. 96.
191.
PAMBAM, town, India, xx. 266.

PANCSOVA, town, Hungary, XVIII. 210. DI MONTECHIARO, town, Sicily, PAMELA, wife of Lord Edward Fitz- PANDA, carnivorous mammal, xv. 441. XVIII. 191.

gerald, ix. 271.

PANDALUS, genus of crustaceans, XXI. PALMAROLA, ancient Palmaria, island, Richardson's novel, xx. 543.

846. Italy, xix. 460.

PAMIERS, town, France, XVIII. 203. PANDAREUS, of Greek mythology, PALMARY SYNOD, at Rome, 6th century, PAMIR, plateau, Central Asia, 11. 686; XXIII. 48.

XVIII. 103; XXIII. 633; lake, XVIII. PANDARUS, of Greek legend, XVIII. PALMBLAD, Vilhelm Frederik, Swedish 103. writer, XXII. 757.

state, Asia, XI. 823.

PAN DE AZUCAR, copper-mines, Uru. PALMELLA, Count of, Portuguese politi- | PAMISUS, river, Greece, XVI. 52.

guay, XXIV. 15. cian, XIX. 552.

PAMPAS, of the Argentine Republic, II. PANDECTS, of Justinian, XIII. 793; XX. PALMER, Edward Henry, Henry, English 487.

712. Orientalist, XVIII. 192.

GRASS, XX. 319.

PANDEGLANG, town, Java, XIII. 606. John, inventor of mail-coaches, PAMPELUNA, or Pamplona, town, Spain, PANDER, Christian, his investigations XIX. 566. XVIII. 207

in embryology, VIII. 165. -Ray, American hymn-writer, XII. PAMPERO, wind, South America, xvI. PANDERPUR, or Pandharpur, town, 596. 149.

India, XVIII. 210; XXI. 832. Samuel, English painter, XVIII. PAMPhili, Giovanni Battista (Pope PANDION, genus of birds, XVIII. 56. 192.

Innocent X.), XIII. 85.

PANDORA, of Greek mythology, XXIV. PALMERIN ROMANCES, XX. 656. PAMPHILUS, early Christian scholar, 782. PALMERSTON, town, South Australia,

XVIII. 203.

PANDRETHAN, India, Temple at, II. XXII. 284.

Greek painter, II. 363.

397. Viscount, English statesman, xviii. PAMPHLETS, XVIII. 204 ; xvII. 413; PANDUA, ancient town, India, X. 112, 193; VIII. 367.

arrangement of, in libraries, XIV. 115. PALMETTO STATE (South Carolina),

538.

PANEL, in architecture, II. 468. U.S.A., XXII. 286.

PAMPHYLIA, region, Asia Minor, XVIII. PAINTING, XXIII. 158. PALMISTRY, method of divination, vii. 206; coins of, xvII. 648.

PANE WORK, in architecture, II. 470. 293; punishment for, xxiv. 622. PAMPLONA, town, Spain, XVIII. 207. PANGENESIS, Darwin's hypothesis, III. PALMITIN, fatty substance, xvII. 740; PAN, Greek god, XVIII. 207.

690. XXII. 202; XXIII. 35.

Egyptian divinity, vil. 718. PANGOLIN, edentate mammal, XVIII. PALM-KERNEL CAKE, XVII. 739.

or Betel-Leaf, Indian spice, XII. 210; XV. 388. PALM NUT, XVII. 664.

748.

PANHANDLE, district, West Virginia, PALM OIL, XVII. 744.

PANÆTIUS, Stoic philosopher, XVIII. U.S.A., XXIV. 517. PALM-OIL TREE, I. 269.

208; XXII. 571.

PANHORMUS (Palermo), ancient town, PALM SUNDAY, XVIII. 198.

PANAMÁ, town, Central America, XVIII. Sicily, XVIII. 160. PALM-TREE WAX, XXIV. 459.

208; isthmus, VI. 825.

PANICACEÆ, group of grasses, Xl. 58. PALMYRA, ancient town, Syria, xvIII. CANAL, IV. 794; XVIII. 209; Pater- PANICUM, genus of plants, XVI. 321. 198; commerce of, vi. 199.

son's project of, XVIII. 360.

PANIEFUL, Lake, on the Senegal, PALMYRENE NUMERALS, XVII. 625.

HATS, XXII. 594.

Africa, xxi. 660. PALNI, town, India, XV. 192.

PEARL FISHERY, XVIII. 447. PANINI, Sanskrit grammarian, XXI. HILLS, India, xv. 184, 192. PANARIA, one of the Lipari Islands, 292. PALOLO, edible annelid, 11. 71; XIX. Mediterranean Sea, xiv. 683.

PANIONIUM, PANIONIA, sanctuary and 420.

PANATHENÆA, Athenian festival, XVIII. festival, Asia Minor, XIII. 205. PALOMINO DE CASTRO Y VELASCO, 209; XXIII. 294.

PANIPAT, town, India, XVIII. 211; Acisclo Antonio, Spanish painter and PANAX GINSENG, plant, X. 605.

battle of (1526), I. 239; battles of writer, XVIII. 203.

PANAY, island, Philippines, XVIII. 752. (1526, 1556, 1761), xiv. 5. Palos, district, Celebes, Indian Archi PANCA TANTRA, or Panchatantra, San- | PANIZZI, Sir Anthony, librarian, xvIII. pelago, V. 290.

skrit fables, vill. 837; XXI. 287. 211; his correspondence with Prosper PALOUSE COUNTRY, Washington Ter- PANCHARATAS, heretical sect of Brah Mérimée, XVI. 38. ritory, U.S.A., XXIV. 386.

mans, XXI. 291.

PANJAB, or Punjab (q.v.), province, PALPA, town, Peru, XVIII. 674.

PANCHATANTRA, or Five Books, San India, xx. 106. PALPITATION, of the heart, XI. 554. skrit fables, XXI. 287.

PANJAH, river, Central Asia, XVIII. PALSGRAVES, of the Rhine, XVIII. 166. PANCHAYAT, Indian village council, XII. 103. Palsy, disease, XVIII. 255.

772.

PANJHIR, valley, Hindu Kush, XI. PALUDAN-MÜLLER, Frederik, Danish PANCH MAHALS, district, India, xvIII. 839. poet, XVIII. 203; VII. 93.

PANJIM (New Goa), town, India, X. PALUDICELLA, genus of Polyzoa, XIX. PANCHPIRI (Bazigars), tribe, India, III. 707. 430. 459.

PANKÁS, Hindu sect, III. 671. PALUDINA, genus of snails, XXII. 188. PANCKOUCKE, Charles Joseph, French PANNA, state, India, XVIII. 213. PALUS MEOTIS, or Sea of Azoff, Russia, journalist, xvII. 424; his Encyclo- PANNEMAKER, Stéphane, Belgian wood III. 169. pédie, VIII. 202.

engraver, VIII. 438.

210.

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