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socialist, XIII. 189; XXII. 210; on MASBATE, island, Philippines, xviii. MASON, Monck, on balloon ascents, I. communism, Vi. 215. 752.

194. MARY, The Virgin, xv. 589; XIII. 749; MASCAGNI, Paolo, Sienese anatomist, William, English poet, xv. 610. genealogy of, XIII. 660; immaculate 1. 815; XXII. 43.

William, stenographer, XXI. 837. conception of, XII. 715; discussions as MASCAGNINE, mineral, XVI. 400.

Dixon's LINE, United to her epithet Mother of God, xvII. MASCARA, town, Algeria, xv. 608. States, xv. 605, 611; XVIII. 504. 355.

MASCARENE ISLANDS, or Mascarenhas, MASONITE, mineral, xvi. 413. others of the name in New Testa Indian Ocean, xv. 608.

MASONS MARKS, in Roman buildings, ment, xv. 589.

MASCARON, Jules, bishop of Agen, XX. 814.
Apocalypse of, 11. 179.
French preacher, xv. 608.

MASON WORK, IV. 468. duchess of Burgundy, XII. 73. MASCHERONI, Lorenzo, Italian mathe- MASQUE, or Mask, dramatic compoI., queen of England, xv. 592; VIII. matician, xv. 608.

sition, vii. 431. 338, 339; her treatment of Elizabeth, MASCLE, in heraldry, Xi. 697.

MASR-AL-KAHIRA (Cairo, q.v.), town, VIII. 142; her marriage with Philip MASHAL, similitude, or proverbial dis Egypt, iv. 645. II., XVIII. 743; her relations with tich, in Hebrew literature, 11. 639; Mass, in mechanics, xv. 698. Cardinal Pole, XIX. 331. XIX. 880.

Sacrifice of the, XVI. 508; VIII. II., of England, xv. 594; VII. MASHAM, Sir Francis, friend of Locke, 652; XXI. 140; music for celebration 351. XIV. 754.

of, xvIII. 180; decree respecting in -queen of Scots, XV. 594; XXI. 499; Mrs (Abigail Hill), favourite of council of Trent, XXIII. 550. her connexion with Babington con Queen Anne, 11. 63; XVIII. 100. MASSA, or Massa Carrara, town, Italy, spiracy, xxiv. 339; Chastelard's in- MASHHAD, or Meshed, town, Persia, XV. 611. fatuation for, V. 436; her relations XVI. 46; XVIII. 618, 626, 628; XIX. -, town, Morocco, XVI. 831; river, with Elizabeth of England, vill. 144, 93.

XVI. 832. 341; in France, ix. 558, 559; Don MASHIR, fish, XII. 743.

MASSACHUSETTS, State, U.S.A., XV. John of Austria's intrigue regarding, MASHITA, Moab, Sculptures in palace 611; in relation to Maine, xv. 301; XVIII. 525; her relations with Knox, at, XVII. 35.

colony of, xxIII. 729; newspapers, XIV. 132; Bishop Lesley's devotion to, MASIH DAJJAL, Mohammedan

XVII. 433. XIV. 475; her relations with the regent antichrist, II. 126.

MASSÆSYLI, Numidian tribe, XVII. Murray, xvII. 62.

MASINISSA, Numidian king, xv. 608; 627. of Guelders, wife of James II. of XIII. 766; XVII. 627; XX. 750. MASSALIA (Marseilles), ancient Greek Scotland, XXI. 493.

MASINO, spa, North Italy, XXIV. 45. town, France, xv. 573. of Guise, wife of James V. of MASISTES, brother of Xerxes I. of MASSALIANS, sect of Greek Church, XI. Scotland, XXI. 499. Persia, XVIII. 573.

782. of Medici, wife of Henry IV. of MASJID JAMI, or Mosque, xvi. 863. MASSAVIELLE, Grotto of, at Lourdes, France, IX. 566.

MASK, dramatic composition, vii. 431. France, XV. 24. BARTON, Mrs Gaskell's novel, x. Lough, Ireland, XIII. 216; xv. MASSEKHETH HEKHALOTH, Midrash, 104. 650.

XVI. 286. PENEARIS, news-letter correspond Man in the Iron, XIII. 360. MASSÉNA, André, French marshal, xv. ence, XVII. 428.

MASKAT, or Muscat, town, Arabia, xvII. 616. STUART, Schiller's drama, XXI. 64.

MASSES, deposits of mineral, xvi. 441. 397.

MASKED COMEDY, of Italy, VII. 418. MASSICOT, mineral, xiv. 377; XVI. 385. MARYBOROUGH, town, Ireland, xx. MASKELYNE, John Nevil, deviser of MASSICYTUS, Mount, Asia Minor, xv. 171. conjuring tricks, XV. 207, 211.

93. - town, Queensland, Australia, xv. Nevil, English astronomer, xv. MASSILIA (Marseilles), ancient Greek 602. 609; 11. 757; XVII. 260.

colony, France, X. III; XV. 573; coins MARYLAND, State, U.S.A., xv. 602; MASKINONGE, fish, xix. 89.

of, xvII. 636. colony of, xxIII. 729; newspapers, MASK OF PANDORA, Longfellow's poem, MASSILIANS, or Semipelagians, religious XVII. 434. XIV. 862.

sect, XVIII. 472. MARYLEBONE, district, London, xiv. MASKS AND FACES, Reade's drama, xx. MASSILLON, town, Ohio, U.S.A., xv. 821. 303.

617. MARYOOT, lake, Egypt, vil. 709. MASLAMA, Moslem general, xvi. 574, Jean Baptiste, French preacher, MARYPORT, town, England, xv. 605. 576.

xv. 617; IX. 662; compared with MASACCIO (Tommaso Guidi), Italian MASOLINO DA PANICALE, Italian pain Bourdaloue, iv. 175. painter, xv. 605; IX. 772.

ter, xv. 610, 606.

MASSINA, country, Soudan, Africa, XXII. MASADA, fortress, on Dead Sea, VII. 2. MASON, origin of word, ix. 752.

279. MAS-A-FUERA, island, South Pacific, Charles, English astronomer, xv.

kv. | MASSINGER, Philip, English dramatist, XIII. 757 611.

xv. 618; VII. 432; in relation to MASANIELLO (Tommaso Aniello), Francis, American missionary, Beaumont and Fletcher, III. 470. Neapolitan revolutionist, xv. 606; xv. 610.

MASSIVE MOUNTAIN, Colorado, U.S.A., XIII. 484; XVII. 191.

George, American politician, VI. 161. MASARIDÆ, family of wasps, XXIV. 393. XXIII. 789.

MASSORAH, or Massora, of Jewish ScripMAS-A-TIERRA (Juan Fernandez), George Hemming, English pain tures, xv. 619; XI. 600; XIII. 429. island, South Pacific, XIII. 757.

ter, xv. 610.

MASSORETIC TEXT, of Old Testament, MASAUD, Tower of, at Ghazni, Afghanis Captain John, settler, New Hamp III. 641; XXII. 826. tan, X. 560.

shire, U.S.A., XVII. 393.

MASSOWAH, town, on Red Sea, xv. 619; MASAYA, town, Nicaragua, Central -, John, English clergyman, hymn XX. 316. America, xv. 608.

writer, XII. 592.

MASSYLI, Numidian tribe, XVII. 627.

XXV. – 36

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MASSYS, Jan, Flemish painter, xv. 620. MATERIALISM, in evolution, viII. 753; MATITANANA, Falls of, Madagascar, xv. - or Matsys, Quintin, Flemish painter, Lamettrie's, XIV. 243; Lotze's view of,

169. xv. 620; XXI. 439.

XV. 13; Lucretius's, xv. 54; Stoic MATLOCK, town, England, xv. 632. MAST, of a ship, iv. 477; XXI. 153, 563. doctrine of, XXII. 563.

MATLOCKITE, mineral, xvi. 384. fruit of the beech, III. 503. MATERIALISTIC THEORY, of man's MATONGAS, South-African tribe, xv. MASTABA, Egyptian stone monument, nature, Il. 109.

588. XX. 122.

MATERIALS, Strength of, xxII. 594. MATOTCHKIN SHAR, sea channel, Nova MASTACOMYS, genus of rodent mammals, MATESE, Monti del, mountains, Italy, Zembla, XVII. 604. XVII. 6.

XIII. 438, 439.

MATRAH, town, Arabia, XVII. 64. MASTAI-FERRETTI, Giovanni Maria MATHA, John de, general of Trinitarian MATRONALIA, Roman festival, XIII. (Pope Pius IX.), XIX. 156. Order, XXIII. 574.

779; XV. 570. MASTER AND SERVANT, Law of, xv. MATHEMATICAL DRAWING AND MOD-MATRONS, Jury of, in law, XIII. 786. 620; VI. 294; XIV. 165; in Roman law, ELLING, XV. 628.

MATSYS, or Massys, Quintin, Flemish xx. 688, 704.

MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY, X. 197; painter, xv. 620; XXI. 439. MASTER HUMPHREY'S CLOCK,Dickens's Ptolemy on, XX. 92.

MATTATHIAS, father of Judas Macwork, vii. 176. MATHEMATICAL TABL XXIII. 7.

cabæus, XIII. 421; XV. 130. MASTER OF ARTS, origin of the degree, MATHEMATICS, xv. 629; analysis and MATTEO DI GIOVANNI, Italian painter, XXIII. 835. synthesis in, 1. 793; application of, to

XXI. 434, 442. MASTER OF THE BUCKHOUNDS, Eng physical astronomy, 11. 759; to econo MATTER, Properties of, xv. 633; diffuland, xxi. 38.

mic questions, XIX. 386; to geography, sion of, vii. 217; divisibility of, ini. MASTER OF THE HORSE, England, XXI. X. 197; to magnetism, xv. 226; 37 ; action of force on, xv. 676; 37.

Hindu, xxi. 294; Pythagorean, xx. Berkeley's theories of, III. 591; Des MASTERS, Unions of, XXIII. 499.

140; reasoning in, XIV. 787; contribu Cartes on, V. 145; Hume's theory of, MASTIC, or Mastich, resin, xv. 621. tions to, by Lagrange, xiv. 209; by in relation to mind, XII. 352; Locke's MASTICATION, of food, XVII. 669.

Laplace, xiv. 301; by Leonardo of views on, XIV. 759, 761; Spinoza on, MASTIFF, dog, vii. 330.

Pisa, XIX. 125; by Newton, XVII. V. 156. MASTING, of a ship, XXI. 563.

438, 446; by Pascal, xvIII. 338; by MATTEUCCI, Carlo, Italian physicist, MASTODON, extinct ungulate mammal, Peacock, XVIII. 444; by Plücker, xix. xv. 633. xv. 622, 425.

228; by Poisson, XIX. 281; by Ptolemy, MATTHESON, Johann, German musical MASTUJ, town, Hindu Kush, Asia, xi. xx. 87; Montucla's History of, xvi. composer, XI. 434. 838.

798; mathematical societies, XXII. MATTHEW, St, the Evangelist, XV. MASUD BAR BETH KASHSHA, Syriac 224.

633 hymn-writer, xxII. 855.

MATHER, Cotton, New England divine, Gospel of, x. 789. MASUDY, Arab traveller, xv. 623; X. XV. 631.

of Paris, English mediæval his177.

Increase, president, Harvard Col. torian, xv. 633. MASULIPATAM, town, India, xv. 624. lege, U.S.A., xv. 631.

Thomas, his version of the English MASUPIAS, South-African tribe, xv. Richard, New England pastor, xv. Bible, VIII. 386. 588. 631.

DE GRADIBUS, on anatomy, 1. 806. MAT, for floor, xv. 634; XIV. 648.

AND PLATT, their calico-printing MATTHIAS, emperor, xv. 634; X. 499; of metal, xvII. 487. machines, iv. 685.

as king of Hungary, XII. 369. MA-T, Egyptian divinity, vii. 718. MATHEW, Theobald, Irish temperance BASSARABA, voivode of Walachia, MATABELE, state, South Africa, XXIII. reformer, xv. 631; XXIII. 159.

XXI. 17. 518.

DA BASSI, founder of Capuchin CORVINUS, king of Hungary, XV. MATAGALPA, town, Nicaragua, XVII. friars, V. 79.

634; XII. 367, 368. 477.

MATHEWS, Charles, English comedian, MATTHIESEN, Johann, Anabaptist MATAKONG, island, West Africa, xxi. xv. 632.

leader, 1. 786. 661; XXII. 45.

Charles James, English comedian, MATTHISON, Friedrich von, German MATALONUM (Maddaloni), ancient town, xv. 632.

poet, X. 541. Italy, xv. 176.

MATHNITHO, in Jewish literature, xvI. MATTING, XV. 634. MATAMATA, turtle, XXIII. 459.

506.

MATTIOLI, Ercolo, alleged to be the MATAMOROS, town, Mexico, xv. 624. MATHURIN, Port, Rodriguez island, Man in the Iron Mask, XIII. 361. MATAN, or Marttand, Kashmir, Temple Indian Ocean, xx. 619.

Pier Antonio, Sienese botanist, at, II. 396; XIV. 11. MATHURINS, religious order, XXIII.

XXII. 43. MATANZAS, town, Cuba, xv. 624.

574.

MATTOKKI, people, Nubia, XVII. 612. MATARAM, town, Lombok, xiv. 817. MATIA, island, South Pacific, XXIII. 22. MATTOON, town, Illinois, U.S.A., xv. MATARO, town, Spain, xv. 624.

MATICO, edentate mammal, xv. 387. MATCHES, xv. 624; proposed tax on, MATI DHWAJA, Tibetan Lama, xiv. MATUA, island, Kuriles, Asia, XIV. 160.

151.

MATURA DIAMOND, variety of jacinth, MATÉ, Paraguayan tea, xv. 627; IV. MATIES, class of cured herrings, IX. 259.

XIII. 532. 227.

MATILDA, lady of England and Nor- MATURATION, of the sexes, XX. 407. MATELOTAS, islands, Oceania, v. 126. mandy, viII. 302; XVII. 544; XXII. MATURIN, town, Venezuela, XXIV. 140. MATEO, Mastei, Spanish sculptor, XXI. 534.

Charles Robert, Irish novelist and 566.

countess of Tuscany, xv. 632; dramatist, xv. 635. MATERA, town, Italy, xv. 628.

XIII. 471.

MATY, Matthew, librarian of British MATERFAMILIAS, in Roman law, xx. MATINS, canonical hour, iv. 263.

Museum, XVIII. 539. 672.

MATISCO (Mácon), Roman town, France, MATZUA, town, Abyssinia, xv. 619. MATERIAL, The, in psychology, XX. 55.

XV. 166.

MAUBEUGE, town, France, xv. 635.

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IX. 190.

IX. 594.

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MAUCHBERG, mountain, South Africa, | MAURY, Alfred, on magic and astrology, | MAXIMUS TYRANNUS, Roman emperor,
XXIII. 517.
II. 739.

XV. 645.
MAUDUYT, R. J. E., on birds, xvIII. 7. -Jean Siffrein, cardinal, archbishop MAXITE, mineral, xvi. 399.
MAUGIS D'AIGREMONT, romance, xx. of Paris, xv. 642.

MAXWELL, James Clerk, English physi653

Matthew Fontaine, American cist, xv. 646 ; his experiments on MAUI, island, Hawaiian group, XI. 532. hydrographer, xv. 642; his Physical compound colours, XVII. 802 ; his MAULAWI, dancing dervishes, XXI. 59. Geography of the Sea, X. 197.

theory of magnetic molecules, xv. MAULE, province, Chili, v. 617. MAUSOLEUM, origin of the name, II. 276; on viscosity, XIX. 248; his work MAULÉON, town, France, XX. 127. 413, 644; XI. 383; XV. 643; of Hali on electricity and magnetism, viII. MAULMAIN, town, British Burmah, xv. carnassus, Asia Minor, XI. 384; of 15. 635.

Bijapur, India, III. 669; Roman, II. Robert, on the husbandry of ScotMAUMEE BAY, Lake Erie, North

419; XX. 831.

land, 1. 302. America, XXIII. 436.

MAUSOLUS, king of Caria, xv. 643; XI. Sir William Stirling-, Scottish man MAUNA (Tutuila), island, South Pacific, 383; XVIII. 579; tomb of, 11. 413, 644. of letters, xv. 647. XVII. 279.

MAUVAISES TERRES, Colorado plateau, MAXWELLTOWN, town, Scotland, xiv. KILAUEA, volcano, Hawaii, XI. 531. U.S.A., XXIII. 799.

98. MAUNCH, in heraldry, XI. 703. MAUVE, colour, II. 48.

MAY, month, xv. 647. MAUNDY THURSDAY, xv. 635; peni- MAUVISSIÈRE, Michel de Castelnau, Cornelis Jacobsen, director, New tential office of, XVIII. 487.

Sieur de la, French soldier and Netherland, America, XVII. 454. MAUPERTUIS, Peter Louis Moreau de, diplomatist, V. 194.

MAYAGUANA, island, West Indies, III. French mathematician, xv. 636; 1x. Mavis, bird, xxIII. 321.

236. 671; measures arc of meridian, vii. MAVOR, William, stenographer, XXI.834. MAYANS Y SISCAR, Gregorio, Spanish 598; Voltaire's dispute with, xxiv. MAVROCORDATO,

Constantine and writer, xxII. 360. 289.

Nicholas, hospodars of Walachia, XXI. MAYAPAN, ancient town, Central MAU RANIPUR, town, India, xv. 636. 18.

America, XXIV. 758. MAUREPAS, Comte de, French statesman, MAVROCORDATOS, Alexander, Greek MAYAS, people, Central America, XII.

leader, XI. 125.

828; xxiv. 758; ancient traditions of, Lake, Louisiana, U.S.A., XV. 20. MAVROMMATI, village, Greece, XVI. 52. XVI. 208. MAURER, Georg Ludwig von, German Maw, river, Wales, XVI. 38.

MAYAVARAM, town, India, XXIII. 47. jurist, xv. 636.

MAWACA, river, South America, xvII. MAYBOLE, town, Scotland, xv. 648. Maures, mountains, France, xxiv. 68. 843.

MAYBOROUGH, or Maybrough, England, MAURETANIA, ancient country, North | MAXENTIUS, Marcus Aurelius Valerius, Cromlech at, XXI. 52; XXIV. 516. Africa, xv. 636.

Roman emperor, xv. 643; basilica of, MAY-DAY, XV. 648; in England, in time TINGITANA, ancient country, Africa,

of Shakespeare, XXI. 750. XVI. 834.

MAXIMA AND Minima, in mathematics, MAYDOOM, Egypt, Picture of birds from, MAURI, people of Mauretania, Africa, xv. 643; XIII. 22; XXIV. 85.

XVIII. 2. XV. 637.

MAXIMIANUS, Bishop, his sculptured MAYENCE (Mainz, q.v.), town, HesseMAURICE Mauricius), St, martyr, xv. ivory throne, XXI. 556.

Darmstadt, Germany, xv. 305. 637

Galerius Valerius, Roman emperor, MAYENNE, department and town, France, (Mauricius Flavius Tiberius), xv. 644; XX. 777; martyrdom of XV. 648. emperor of the East, xv. 637. Theban legion by, xv. 637.

Duke of, French prince, ix. 563. (of Nassau), prince of Orange, Marcus Aurelius Valerius, Roman MAYER, Johann Tobias, German astrostadtholder of Holland, xv. 638; XII. emperor, xv. 644.

nomer, xv. 649; his tables, II. 760; 77; his antagonism to Barneveldt, III. MAXIMILIAN I., emperor, xv. 644; X.

on lunar observations, xvII. 260; on 379. 496.

magnetism, xv. 236; his formula for elector of Saxony, xv. 638; XXI. -II., emperor, xv. 645; X. 499. meridian transits, XXIII. 516. 354; his influence on France, ix. 559; , emperor of Mexico, xv. 645; XIII. Julius Robert, German physicist, his policy towards Charles V., V. 416. 758; his death, ix. 625.

xv. 649; on the mechanical equivalent John Frederic Denison, English | MAXIMILIANEUM, at Munich, xvII. 26. of heat, viii. 208. divine, xv. 638; as Christian socialist, MAXIMILLA, Montanist prophetess, XVI. Mademoiselle, French painter, xx.

775. MAURIENNE, district, France, XXI. 332. MAXIMINUS, Caius Julius Verus, MAYFLOWER, Landing of the, at PlyMAURITANIA (Mauretania) ancient Roman emperor, xv. 645.

mouth, U.S.A., XV. 615; XXIII. 729. country, North Africa, xv. 636.

Galerius Valerius, Roman emperor, May-Fly, insect, viii. 458. MAURITIA, genus of palms, XVIII. 190. xv. 645.

MAYHEM, in law, xv. 649. MAURITIUS, island, Indian Ocean, xv. MAXIMS, La Rochefoucauld's, ix. 663; MAYKOP, town, Russia, xv. 650. 639; 1. 272; remains of dodo found XIV. 318.

MAYNOOTH, village and college, Ireland, in, VII. 321; forests, IX. 408; railways, MAXIMUS, St, abbot of Chrysopolis, xv. XV. 650. XX. 253; thunderstorms, xvi. 129; 646.

MAYO, county, Ireland, xv. 650; repreweights and measures, XXIV. 490.

Magnus Clemens, Roman emperor, sentation, XXIII. 727. MAURO, Fra, Italian geographer, X. 180. xv. 645; XXIII. 258.

river, Africa, XVII. 496. MAURUS, St, Benedictine monk, xv. Marcus Clodius Pupienus, Roman Earl of, governor-general of India, 642. emperor, xv. 645.

XII. 811. Hrabanus (q.v.), mediæval scholar, Petronius, Roman emperor, xv. | MAYO-KEBBI, valley, Soudan, Africa, XII. 326. 646.

XXII. 277. MAURUSIA (Mauretania), country, Terentius, pretender in Parthia, MAYON, mountain, Philippine Islands, North Africa, xv. 636. XVIII. 603.

XVIII. 748.

III. 414.

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MAYOR, head of a municipality, XVII. 27. MEAL WORM, VI. 133.

MECKLENBURG, territory, Germany, MAYOTTA, island, Comores, Africa, vi. MEALY MOUNTAINS, Canada, xx. 165. XV. 774.

MEANEE, India, Battle of (1843), XVII. MECKLENBURG - SCHWERIN, grandMAYOW, John, his investigations on air, 176.

duchy, Germany, xv. 774. V. 461. MEAN TIME, XXIII. 392.

MECKLENBURG - STRELITZ, grandMAY-POLE, XV. 648.

MEAQU-TSZE (Miautse), Chinese tribe, duchy, Germany, xv. 774. MAYPURES, cataracts, Orinoco river, XVI. 223; V. 642.

MECONIUM, or Opium, xvII. 787. South America, XVII. 844.

MEARNS, or Kincardine, county, Scot- MEDALLIONS, in Japanese art, XIII. MAYSVILLE, town, Kentucky, U.S.A., land, xiv. 78.

591. XV. 651.

MEASLES, disease, xv. 657; XVIII. 404; MEDALS, in numismatics, xvII. 630; MAYUD-UD-Din, Tomb of, at Ajmir, in Polynesia, XIX. 422.

Italian, xvII. 657. India, 1. 434.

Beef and Pork, XXIII. 52; XXIV. MEDANOS, sandhills, Peru, XVIII. 670. MAZACA, town, Cappadocia, Asia Minor, 206.

MEDEA, in Greek legend, xv. 776; II. V. 75. MEASURE, in arithmetic, II. 528.

497; XXIII. 294; myth of, xv. 202. MAZAGAN, town, Morocco, XVI. 831.

Musical, xvII. 81.

play by Euripides, viii. 675. MAZAMET, town, France, xv. 651 ; FOR MEASURE, Shakespeare's , opera by Cherubini, v. 587. XXIII. 65.

play, XXI. 764; source of, x. 620. MÉDECIN MALGRÉ LUI, Molière's play, MAZANDARAN, province, Persia, XV. MEASUREMENT, Geometrical, xv. 659, XVI. 629. 651; XVIII. 627.

630; X. 388.

MÉDÉE, Corneille's play, VI. 420. MAZARIN, Jules, cardinal and French MEASUREMENTS, Magnetic, XV. 237. MEDEENET-HABOO, Egypt, Temples at,

statesman, xv. 651; 1x. 569, 573; his MEASURES AND WEIGHTS, XXIV. 478; VII. 780. relations with Colbert, VI. 121; his

abbreviations of, 1. 29.

MEDELLIN, town, Colombia, South contentions with Condé, vi. 246; his MEASURING, Art of, or Mensuration, America, XV. 777 Spanish policy, XXII. 332.

XVI. 13.

MEDES, ancient Asiatic nation, XVIII. BIBLE, III. 653.

MEAT, Poisonous, tainted, or diseased, 561. MAZATLAN, town, Mexico, xv. 653. XV. 782.

MEDFORD, town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., MAZDAISM, or Zoroastrianism (q.v.), Preserved, XIX. 707.

XV. 777 religion of ancient Persia, xx. 360. MEATH, county, Ireland, xv. 668; re MEDHURST, Walter Henry, English MAZE, in gardening, xiv. 180.

presentation, XXIII. 727.

missionary, xv. 777. MAZEPPA, Ivan Stephanovitch, Cossack kingdom of, Ireland, xxiv. 513. MEDIA, ancient country, Western Asia, chief, xv. 653; VI. 448; XXI. 97. MEAUX, town, France, xv. 669.

III. 185; XVIII. 561, 586, 592; under MAZER-WOOD, XI. 338.

MÉCANIQUE ANALYTIQUE, Lagrange's Cyrus, Vi. 752. MAZORAH, town, Morocco, XVI. 834. work, xiv. 208.

MEDIAN APPLE, fruit, xvII. 810. MAZOVIA, territory, Poland, xxiv. 375. MÉCANIQUE CÉLESTE, Laplace's work, MEDICAL ACTS, XV. 798. MAZURANIC, Ivan, Servian poet, XXI. XIV. 301.

MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE, XV. 778; in 691.

MECARINO (Domenico Beccafumi), relation to poisons, XIX. 275. MAZURS, race, Russian Poland, xix. 309. Italian painter, III. 476.

MEDICAL RELIEF, Poor Law, XIX. MAZZARA DEL VALLO, town, Sicily, MECCA, town, Arabia, xv. 669; XVI. 477.

LIBRARY, xv. 654.

545, 559, 569, 571; pilgrimage to, MEDICEO - LAURENZIANA MAZZINI, Giuseppe, Italian patriot,

XIX. 93.

Florence, Italy, xiv. 530, 548. XV. 654; XIII. 486; xx. 806.

PILGRIMS, Quarantine of, xx. 155. MEDICI, House of, Italian noble family, MAZZOLA, Mazzuoli, Francesco MECHABBEROTH, poems by Emanuel XV. 783, 794; XIII. 479; genealogical Maria (Il Parmigiano), Italian painter, b. Salomon, VIII. 157.

table of, xv. 794 ; Michelangelo's XVIII. 317; XXI. 437, 443.

MECHANICAL Arts, 11. 639; their rela statues of the, XVI. 233. MAZZUCHELLI, Count, Italian writer, tion to the fine arts, ix. 198.

Alessandro dei (Pope Leo XI.), XIII. 512. M HANICAL LABOUR, XIV. 166.

XIV. 452. MEACHAM, Joseph, Shaker leader, xxi. MECHANICAL School, of medicine, Alessandro dei, ruler of Florence, 737 XV. 810.

XV. 788. MEAD, beverage, XII. 137.

MECHANICS, xv. 676 (contents, 749); Bicci dei, Florentine noble, xv. -Edward, English physician, xv. applied, xv. 750.

784. 811.

MECHANICS INSTITUTES, Founders of, Catherine dei, wife of Henry II. Richard, English physician, xv. III. 779.

of France, xi, 670; her influence on 656.

MECHANICS' LIEN, in law, XIV. 570. France, ix. 556. William, English preacher, XVIII MECHANISM, Lotze's use of the word, Cosimo dei, the Elder, ruler of 493. XV. 13.

Florence, xv. 784. MEADE, George G., American general, MECHITHAR DA PIETRO, founder of Cosimo dei, grand-duke of TusXXIII. 790, 778. Mechitharists, XV. 774.

cany, XV. 789. MEADOW-GRASS, Culture of, 1. 374. MECHITHARISTS, Armenian monks, Francesco dei, grand-duke of TusMEADOWS, Irrigation of, 1. 345, 349;

XV. 774.

cany, XV. 791. XIII. 364, 367.

MECHLIN, town, Belgium, xv. 774; lace Giovanni Angelo (Pope Pius IV.), MEADOW SAFFRON, VI. 124.

of, xiv. 188; Van Dyck's Crucifixion

XIX. 153. MEADOW VALLEY MINES, Nevada, in cathedral, xxiv. 62.

Giovanni dei (Pope Leo X.), XIV. U.S.A., XXII. 815.

MECHTHILD, of Magdeburg, mediaval 450; XV. 787. MEADVILLE, town, Pennsylvania, mystic, XVII. 132.

Giovanni dei, Florentine banker, U.S.A., xv. 656.

MECKEL, Johann Friedrich, German XV. 784. MEAGRE, fish, xxiv. 738.

anatomist, 1. 814, 816; XXIV. 808; on Giovanni dei (Delle Bande Nere), MEALS, in dietetics, Vil. 209. evolution, vill. 750.

Italian soldier, xv. 787.

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MEDICI, Giuliano dei, Florentine noble, , MEDITATIONS, of Marcus Aurelius, III. MEGAMASTICTORA, division of sponges, XV. 785. 88.

XXII. 421. Giuliano dei, duke of Nemours, ON PHILOSOPHY, Descartes's work, MEGAPODE, family of birds, xv. 827. XV. 787.

VII. 119.

MEGAPTERA, genus of cetacean mamGiulio dei (Pope Clement VII.), v. MEDITERRANEAN SEA,

XV.

819; mals, xv. 395; XXIV. 524. 822; XV. 787.

Ptolemy's geography of, XX. 94; birds MEGARA, town, Greece, xv. 828; plain, Ippolito dei, cardinal, xv. 788. of, 111. 755; fishes, XII. 679.

Lorenzino dei, Florentine noble, MEDIUMS, Spiritualistic, vii. 63; XXII. MEGASCLERES, group of sponges, XXII. XV. 788. 405.

416. Lorenzo dei, ruler of Florence, xv. MEDJIDIA, town, Roumania, VII. 309. MEGASCOLIDES, genus of worins, XXIV. 785; XIII. 480; his influence on Italian MEDLAR, tree and fruit, xv. 824; XII. 678. literature, XIII. 507; in relation to the

271.

MEGASTHENES, Greek traveller in Renaissance, XX. 388; his relations MÉDOC, district, France, xv. 824; wine India, XII. 786, 787. with Savonarola, xxi. 334; Roscoe's of, xxiv. 604.

MEGATHERIIDÆ,

family of fossil Life of, xx. 849. MEDO-PERSIAN EMPIRE, XVIII. 561.

edentate mammals, xv. 384. Mary dei, wife of Henry IV. of MEDRICEN, mausoleum in Algeria, II. MEGATHERIUM, extinct edentate mamFrance, ix. 566. 419.

mal, xv. 829, 385. Piero dei, ruler of Florence, xv. MEDULLA OBLONGATA, XIX. 35;

MÈGE-MOURIES, his

process of making 785. anatomy of, 1. 870.

butter, iv. 592. Pietro dei, ruler of Florence, xv. MEDULLARY Rays, in plants, iv. 102. MEGERLIN (Abraham a Sancta Clara), 786; his relations with Savonarola, MEDUM, or Meydoom, Egypt, Pyramids German satirist, 1. 55; X. 531. XXI. 335.

of, vil. 773; II. 386; XX. 122, 124. MEGHADUTA, Sanskrit poem, XIII. 829. Salvestro dei, Florentine noble, MEDUSA, of Greek legend, x. 785; XVIII. | MEGHNA, river, India, xv. 830; XVII. XV. 783 560.

524. MEDICINAL EARTH, of Lemnos, xiv. MEDUSÆ, group of Hydrozoa, XII. 547, MEGIDDO, plain, Palestine, XVIII. 171. 436.

550; cellular tissue of, XII. 9; organs MEGILLATH ANTIOKHOS, Midrash, xvi. MEDICINE, XV. 794 (embracing syn of touch in, xxIII. 478; phosphor 286. optical view, 794, and history, 799); escence of, xvIII. 814.

MEGILLATH TAANITH, Midrash, xvi. academies of, 1. 77; faculty of, in uni- MEDVYEDITSA, river, Russia, XXI. 74.

286. versities, XXIII. 833; forensic, XV. MEDWAY, river, England, xiv. 37.

MEGISTANES, order of birds, XVIII. 44. 778; homeopathic theory of, XII. MEDWIN, Captain, friend of Shelley, MEHADIA, town, Hungary, xv. 830. 126; parasitism in, XVIII. 269; Hindu

XXI. 792.

MEHEDIA, town, Tunis, xxIII. 620. works on, xxi. 294; Hippocrates's MEDYN, town, Russia, XV. 824.

MEHEMET ALI, ruler of Egypt, VII. 760; works on, XI. 853; Paracelsus's teach- MEECHING (Newhaven), ancient town, IX. 621; XXIII. 649; his expedition ings, XVIII. 235; medical societies, England, XVII. 393.

against the Arabs, 11. 260. XXII. 226. MEER, Jan van der, Dutch painter, Xv.

MEHLSACK TOWER, Ravensburg, GerMEDICINE-MAN, of North-American 824.

many, XX. 297. Indians, xv. 200. MEERANE, town, Saxony, xv. 825.

MÉHUL, Étienne Henri, French musical MEDICINES, of the pharmacopoeia, XVIII. MEERMAN, Gerardus, on type-making, composer, xv. 831; as symphonist, 730. XXIII. 692.

XVII. 97. MEDINA, town, Arabia, xv. 817; XVI. MEERSCHAUM, mineral, xv. 825, 217; MEIBOM, Heinrich, German historian,

552, 588; pilgrimages to, xix. 93. XVI. 414; pipes made of, xix. 111. XV. 831. - river, Isle of Wight, England, MEERUT, division and district, India, MEIKLE, Andrew, inventor of thrashing XXIV. 562.

XV. 825; XVII. 572; town, xv. 826. machine, I. 325; XX. 402. Pedro de, writer on navigation, MEESTER CORNELIS, town, Java, xiii.

MEINBERG, spa, Germany, XVI. 435. XVII. 252.

606.

MEINHARD, prince of Tyrol, XXIII. CELI, Duke of, Spanish minister, MEGABASITE, mineral, XVI. 403.

712. XXII. 333. MEGABYZUS, Persian general, XVIII.

MEININGEN, town, Germany, xv. 831; DEL CAMPO, town, Spain, xxiv. 574.

XXI. 348. 43.

MEGACEPHALON, genus of birds, xv. MEIONITE, mineral, xvi. 412. -DE RIOSECO, town, Spain, xxiv. 828.

MEIRUN, town, Palestine, X. 28. 43.

MEGACHIROPTERA, suborder of mam MEISSEN, town, Saxony, xv. 831. SIDONIA, town, Spain, xv. 819. mals, XV. 409.

Mark of, Saxony, XXI. 352. SIDONIA, Duke of, commander of MEGACLES, Athenian ruler, XIX. 130.

Heinrich von, German poet, ix. Spanish Armada, 11. 543.

MEGADERMA, genus of bats, XV. 411. 727.
MÉDINE, town, Senegal, Africa, XXI. MEGÆRA, one of the Furies, viii. 524. PORCELAIN, XIX. 639.
660.
MEGALITHIC AGE, II. 338.

MEISTERSÄNGER, German, x. 526; MEDINET-EL-FEIYOOM, town, Egypt, MEGALITHIC REMAINS, XXI. 50; in guilds of, xvII. 83.

Morocco, XVI. 834.

MEISTERSINGER

NÜRNBERG, MEDINET-HABU, Egypt, Temples at, vii. MEGALOPOLIS, ancient town, Greece, Wagner's opera, XXIV. 316. 780.

XV. 826.

MEJERDA, river, Tunis, XXIII. 619. MEDIOLANUM (Saintes), ancient town, MEGALOPOLITANS, Demosthenes's ora MEKHILTO, piece of Mishnic literature, France, xxi. 167. tion against the, vii. 69.

XVI. 507 (Milan), anciena town, Italy, xvi. MEGALOPTERA, group of insects, XIII. ME-KLONG, or Maykaloung, town, Siam, 290. 151.

XXI. 853; river, XXI. 850. MEDIOMATRICA (Metz), ancient town, MEGALOSAURUS, genus of reptiles, xx. MEKNES, or Mequinez, town, Morocco, France, xvi. 204. 443

XVI. 29, 830.

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