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MANDEviLLE, Jehan de, or Sir John, writer of travels, xv. 473; xvii. 728.

MANDi-IAR, kingdom, Celebes, v. 290.

MANDI, state, Punjab, India, XV. 475.

MANDINGAN GROUP, of Negroes, xvii. 319.

MANDiNGOEs, African people, xv. 475; 1. 263; xxi. 662; xxii. 278.

MANDLA, district, India, xv. 476.

MANDOLA, Italian lute, xv. 7o.

MANDOLINE, Italian lute, xv. 7o.

MANDRAGOLA, Machiavelli’s comedy, xv. 151.

MANDRAGORA, genus of plants, XV. 476; use of, as an anzesthetìc, i. 789.

MANDRAKE, plant, xv. 476.

MAN-DRAM, pickle, v. 280.

MANDRiLi., baboon, xv. 476.

MANDURAH, town, Western Australia., xxiv. 508.

выкрики, town, Italy, xv. 477.

MANEGRS, Tungus tribe, Siberia, xxiii. 608.

MAN-ENGiNEs, in mines, xvi. 462.

MANI-ZS, in Roman mythology, XV. 477.

_, founder of Manicliaeism, XV. 482.

MANETHO, Egyptian priest and 111111211ist, xv. 478, 144; v. 710; on Egyptian chronology, I. 499; his History of Egypt, vii. 729.

MANETTA, Filippo, on Negro children, xvii. 317.

MANETTI, Giannozzo, Italian writer, xiii. 506.

MANFRED, king of the Two Sicilies, xv. 478; xiii. 475; xxii. 27; his contest with Pope Alexander IV., i. 487.

MANEREDONIA, town, Italy, xv. 479.

l\I.»\NGALiA, town, Roumanie., xv. 479.

MANGALORE, town, India, xv. 479.

l\IANGANATES, salts of manganese, XV. 480; spectra of, xxii. 377.

MANGANEisEN, metal, xiii. 350.

AMANGANESE, chemical clement, XV. 479; V. 533; in bleaching powder, v. 679; deposit of, in Pacific Ocean, XVIII. 125; production of, XVI. 467.

_, Red, mineral, XVI. 398.

MANGANITE, mineral, xv. 479; xvi. 388.

MANGANOCALCITE, mineral, xvi. 398.

MANGAREVA, island, South Pacific, xxiii. 602.

Выксы-“711122121, Culture of, 1. 368; Ъеег made from, IV. 271.

MANGERAAI (Flores), island, Indian Archipelago, ix. 337.

MANGER OF BUCEPi-IALUS, stone 11101111—

ment, near Philippi, Macedonia, xviii. 746. MANGHISHLAK, town, Transcaspian

Region, Russia., XXIII. 513. MANGLiNG, in bleaching, iii. 817. MANGO, tree and fruit, XV. 481. MANGORO, river, l\[adagascar, XV. 169. MANGOSTEEN, tree and fruit, xv. 481. MANGROVE, tree, xv. 481.

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“ANG-TSZE (Mencius), Chinese philosopher, XVI. 3; V. 661.

MANGU KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 741; xxi. 90.

MANGU TiMUR, 746.

MANO-YUL, region, Tibet, xxiii. 340.

MANHATTAN ISLAND, New York, U.S.A., xviii. 458.

MANiiOOD, Period of, xv. 778.

MANI, founder of Manichzeism, XV. 482.

МАША, form of insanity, xiii. 104.

MANIACES, Georgios, Byzantine general, xxii. 24.

MANICI-IA-IISM, religious system, XV. 481; х1. 737; St Augustine’s relations with, iii. 76; later developments of, in Middle Ages, xx. 321; xxiv. 322; i. 454 (Albigenses); III. 858 (Bogomili); XVIII. 433 (Paiilicians).

MANICORDO, musical instrument, XIX. 66.

MANIDIE, family of Метан: mammals, xv. 388.

MANiFOLDNEss, in mathematics, xv. 629, 661.

MANIHOT, india-rubber plant, XII. 837.

MANILA, town, Philippine Islands, XV. 487; xviii. 750.

_ НЕМР, vegetable fibre, XV. 488; I. 4; Xi. 647; culture of, xviii. 751.

MANILIUS, Roman poet, XV. 489.

MANILLA, or Manila, town, Philippine Islands, XV. 487.

_ I-IEMP, or Manila Hemp (q.v.), xv. 488.

_ NUT, х1.221.

МАМЫ, Daniele, president of Venetian republic, XV. 489.

_, Ludovico, doge of Venice, XXIV. 148.

MANiNDJi, lake, Sumatra, xxii. 638.

MANioc, plant, ii. 631; v. 182; ххш. 56.

MANIPLE, ecclesiastical vestinent, vi. 462.

MANIPUR, state, India, xv. 489.

1\IANIS, genus of edentate mammals, xv. 388; xviii. 211.

MANISA, or Manissa, town, Asia Minor, xv. 490.

MANisTEE, town, Michigan, U.S.A., xv. 490

MANiTOBA, province, Canada, xv. 490; xvii. 573; climate of, iv. 772.

MANITOULIN, district, Ontario, Canada,

Mongol ruler, XVI.

xvii. 776.

MANiTOwOc, town, Wisconsin, U.S.A., xv. 491.

MANKATO, town, Minnesota., U.S.A., xv. 491

MANLEY, John, English postal contractor, XIX. 564.

_, Mary de la Rivier, English dramatist, xv. 491.

MANLiUs, Roman family, xv. 492.

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MANN, Horace, American educationist, xv. 492.

MANNA, xv. 493; Australian, viii. 650; from the ash, ii. 680; xiv. 3io; from the larch, xiv. 3io.

MANNA-LiciiEN, xiv. 560.

MANNAR PASSAGE, Ceylon, v. 359.

MANNHEIM, town, Baden, Germany, XV. 493; academy of sciences at, i. 71; observatory, XVII. 7i 3.

MANNING, river, New South Wales, xvii. 408.

_, Robert, English chronicler, XV. 494; viii. 410.

_, Thomas, English traveller in Tibet, xiv. 503; ххш. 338.

MANNITE, constituent of manna, xv.

493

_MANNUCCI, Tcobaldo, Venetian printer,

xv. 512.

MANOEI. l., king of Portugal, viii. 157.

MAN OF FEELING, Mackcnzie’s, xv. 158.

MAN OF MODE, Etheridge’s comedy, viii. 573.

MAN-OF-WAR, ship, xxi. 821.

___, bird, ix. 786.

MANOMETER, pressure gauge, xv. 494; х1х. 245.

MANOMETRIC GAS ­ THERMOMETER, xx. 131.

MANOMETRIC THERMOMETRY, xi. 561.

MANON LEscAUT, Prévost’s novel, xix. 720.

MANOOF, canal, Egypt, vii. 710.

MANOR, in English law, xv. 496; lordship of, XXI. 623; Origin of, viii. 298.

МАК-00110, island, Burmah, хш. 162.

1ИАЫ-Р0‘ЧЕК, in mechanics, xv. 772.

MANRESA, town, Spain, xv. 497.

MANROLITE, mineral, xvi. 408.

MANS, Le, town, France, XV. 497.

MANSA MUSA, West-African prince, xv. 47 5.

MANSART, Jules Hardouiii, French architect, xviii. 292; xxiv. 176.

MANSEL, Henry Longueville, English metaphysician, XV. 497; his logic, XIV. 800.

_, Sir Robert, his expedition against Algiers, I. 566.

MANSFELD, Count Emest of, Protestant general, XV. 498.

MANSFIELD, mountain, Vermont, U.S.A., xxiii. 792; xxiv. 166.

_, town, England, XV. 498.

_, town, Ohio, U.S.A., XV. 498.

_, Earl of, lawyer and politician, XV. 498

MANSIONS, English, Architecture of, Il. 443; Roman, ii. 420.

MANsLAUGiiTER, in law, xvii. 52.

MANSON, George, Scottish painter, Х“

oo. MrsiNsoOR, El-Hakim, Fatimite caliph and founder of the Druses, XI. 378; vu. 484, 751.

MANSUR, or Mansoor, surname of Moliammedan princes, XV. 500.

of Hallaj, Persian pantlieist, XI. 367.

-—‚ АЪ11 Jafar al­, caliph, XVI. 578.

-_, Abul Cassim (Firdousi), Persian poet, IX. 225.

.\lANSVELT, buccaneer, IV. 409.

MANT, Richard, bishop of Down, hymnwriter, х11. 595.

MANTEGNA, Andrea, Italian painter, architect, and engraver, XV. 501 ; VIII. 440, 441; XXL 436

.\I.-\NT1«;LL, Gideon Algernon, English geologist, xv. 502.

MANTIC UTTAIR, Persian poem, Ix. 89.

ШАХТНЫЕ, group of insects, XIII. 152.

MANTINEIA, ancient town, Greece, XV. 503.

MANTININO (Martinique), island, West Indies, xv. 586.

MANTIRs, tribe, Sumatra, ххп. 640.

MANTIS, insect, XV. 503; myth of the, XVII. 147.

MAN'rlssA, in logarithms, хш. 772.

MANTLING, in heraldry, x1. 711.

МмчтоА, town, Italy, xv. 504; Xx. 145; coins of, XVII. 657; Gonzaga family, X. 772; pictures in, XXI. 447; Mantegna’s works at, XV. 501; Rubens’s works in, XXI. 4I.

MANTUMBA, lake, Central Africa, ххш. 764.

MANU, Hindu lawgiver, XXI. 288 ; institutes of, IV. 203.

MANUALS, of organ, XVII. 830.

MANUCODE, bird, xv. 504.

MANUEL I., Comnenus, emperor of Constantinople, XV. 505.

Il., Palœologus, of Constantinople,

xv. 505; xvIII. 166. `

_ l.-lII., emperors of Trebizond, XV. 505.

__, Juan, Spanish writer, XXII. 354.

_ CI-IRVSOLORAS, Greek grammar-ian, XI. I49.

_- PI-IILES, Byzantine dramatist, XI. 145.

ItIANUFAc'rUREs, in relation to art, 11. 639; economic extension of, XIX. 35 5; tariff protection of, 1x. 7 5 5.

MANU-MEA, Samoan pigeon, х1х. 85.

МАыщпззюы, in Roman law, xx. 704.

MANURE, xv. 505; agricultural, I. 305, 342; artificial, I. 353; XIV. 568; for gardens, XII. 232; law relating to tenants’ use of, XIV. 275; quantities used on small farms, I. 412.

-_ DISTRIBUTORS, 1. 321.

MANUS, in Roman law, XX. 671.

—-—, of mammals, XV. 359.

MANUSCRIPTS, VII. 253; XVIII. 144; ххш. 682; paper of, xvIII. 217; illuminated, x11. 707; хш. 437.

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MANUs INJECTIO, in Roman law, xx. 684.

MANUSMRITI, Sanskrit law, xxI. 288. MANUTIUS, Aldus, or Aldo Manuzio, the Elder, Italian printer, XV. 512. _, Aldus, junior, Italian printer and

scholar, XV. 514.

aulus, Italian printer, XV. 513; his Latinity, XIV. 342.

MANX LANGUAGE, xv. 453; V. dictionaries of, VII. 188.

MANX PUFFIN, bird, xxi. 781.

MANVANGA, town, Congo river, Africa, XXIV. 765.

MANYEUMA COUNTRY, Central Africa, l. 248. ’

MANVOSIIIU, 587.

.\IANVTCII, affluent of the Don, Russia, XXI. 74; XXII. 472.

MANZANARES, river, Spain, xv. 190.

MANZANILLA, seaport, Mexico, v1. 141.

_- Уши, Spain, xxiv. 607.

MANZONI, Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio, Italian poet, XV. 514; v11.417; X111. 515; on the torture of accused persons, XXIII. 467.

MAoRIs, New Zealand race, xvII. 471; myths of, XVII. 149.

MAP, MAPS, xv. 515 (m'th list, 522); making of, x. 163; XXII. 709, 714; earliest forms of, XX. 91, 94; classes of, X. 19I; cleaning of, III. 821; construction of, X. 200; D’An\'ille’s inIprovements in, VI. 820; meteorological, XVI. 158; of early navigators, XVII. 2 53.

__, Mapes, or Mapus, Walter, English ecclesiastic, statesman, and writer, XV. 523; V111. 408; Ix. 639; Xx. 644.

MAPLE, tree, xv. 523; of United States, XXIII. 807.

_ CITY (Ogdensburg), New York, U.S.A., xvII. 733.

_ SUGAR, ххп. 628.

МАРОСНО, river, Chili, xxl. 298.

MAPUS (Walter Map, q.1:.), XV. 52 3.

MAR, district, Scotland, I. 43.

__, Earldom of, XV. 524.

__, Earl of, regent of Scotland, XIII. 5 58; xxI. 506.

MARA of Amid, Syriac writer, XXII. 833.

MAR-ABHA I., Syriac writer, XXII. 826, 836.

МАК-АННА 11., patriarch, Syriac writer, XXII. 844.

MARABou-STORR, bird, хш. 529.

MARABOUT, Moslem devotee, XV. 525.

MARACAIBO, town, Venezuela, South America, XV. 525; population, XXIV. 140.

MARACANDA (Samarkand), ancient town, Asia, XX. 246; Alexander at, I. 483.

MARAGIIA, town, Persia, xv. 525; xvIII.

Э

298;

Japanese poems, XIII.

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626; observatory at, XVI. 742; XVII.

MARAH, Sweetening the waters of, Sprengel on, XIV. 767.

MARALDI, James Philip, French astronomer, II. 755.

MARANHÃO, or Maranham, town, Brazil, XV. 526; capture of, by Lord Cochrane (1823), VII. 540.

MARAÑON (Amazon), river, South America, 1. 654, 674; xv111. 673.

MARÃO, Serra de, Portugal, XIX. 536.

MARAscIIINo, liqueur, v. 586; хш. 687; manufacture of, XXIV. 769.

MARAsMIUs, genus of Fungi, xvII. 76.

MARAT, Jean Paul, French Revolutionist, XV. 526; IX. 604; assassination of, VI. 388.

MARA-rm LANGUAGE, Dictionaries of, VII. 191.

MARATHON, Plain of, Greece, XV. 528; III. 60; battle of (490 B.C.), x1. 99; xvIII. 571; painting of battle, xvII. 41.

MARATHONIANS, early Christian sect, xv. 145.

MARATTIACE/E, group of ferns, IX. 105.

MARBLE, crystalline limestone, XV. 528; XVI. 397; structure of, X. 231; mosaics of, XVI. 851; sculptors’ work on, XXI. 571; earliest workers in statuary of, II. 349; veneer, XVII. 36; of Attica, III. 59; of Carrara, v. 133; of Maragha, XV. 526; Parian, XVIII. 319; Roman, XX. 808; of Tabriz, XXIV. 12; of Venice, XXIV. 149; of Verona, XXIV. 170.

MARBLEHEAD, town,
U.S.A., XV. 5 3o.

MARBLE HILL, Twickenham, England, ххш. 674.

MARBLING, 512.

MARBURG, town, Austria, xv. 5 30; XXII. 614.

_, town, Prussia, XV. 5 3o ; university of, XXIII. 844; conference (1529) between Luther and Zwingli, XV. 82; Melanchthon's action at, XV. 8 34.

MARCABRUN, Provençal poet, XIX. 874.

MARCANDA (Samarkand), ancient tomi, Central Asia., XXI. 246; 1. 483.

МАнсАытошо RAIMONDI, engraver, XV. 530; VIII. 441.

MARCAsITE, mineral, xv. 5 32 ; xvI. 390

MARCEI., Étienne, provost of the merchants, Paris, 1х. 546; V. 409; XVIII. 289.

MARCELINE, mineral, xvI. 387.

MARCELLA, friend of Martial, xv. 579.

MARcELLINUs, St, bishop of Rome, xv. 531

MARcELLo, Benedetto, musical composer, XVII. 92.

MARcELLUs I.-Il., popes, xv. 533.

——, Marcus Claudius, Roman warrior

Massachusetts,

in painter-’s

work, IV.

Italian

Venetian (consul 222 and 208 B.C.), XV. 532 ; XXII. 817.

MARCELLUS, Marcus Claudius, Roman consid in Spain (152 в.с.), XXII. 306. _, Marcus Claudius, Roman ¿edile

(consul 5I B.C.), XV. 5 32.

_, Marcus Claudius, adopted son of Augustus, XV. 533.

_, Theatre of, at Rome, II. 418.

MARCH, month, XV. 533.

_, of an army, XXIV. 362.

_, river, Moravia, XVI. 810.

, Earl of (Roger Mortimer), VIII.

320. 327«

, Auzias, Catalan poet, XXII. 363.

MARCHAND, J. Louis, his musical contest with Bach, III. 195.

MARCHANTIA, genus of liverworts, XVII. 68.

MARCHASITE, mineral, XV. 5 32.

MARCHE, province, France, XV. 533.

MÄRCIIEN, German folk-tales, III. 283.

MARCHENA, town, Spain, XV. 533; XXI. 708.

MARCHES, district, Italy, II. 9; dialect of, XIII. 496.

MARCI-IFELD, Austria, Battle of the (1809) (Aspern), XVII. 214.

MARCIIIONEss, title, XV. 565.

MARCIAN, emperor of the East, XV. 533.

_ Шт, Вопит, хх. 681.

MARCIANUs, Codex, Old Testament MS., XVIII. 148.

MARCILLAC, Prince de (La Rochefoucauld), French statesman, XIV. 317. MARCION, heretical writer, XV. 5 33; X. 704; on the Epistle to the Ephesians, VIII. 458; Polycarp’s attitude to, XIX.

415.

MARCIONITE CIIURCIIEs, of 2d and 3d centuries, XV. 533; XIX. 415.

MARCK, Comte de la, Mirabeau’s letters to, XVI. 496.

——‚ Robert Ile la (Flein-anges), marshal of France, IX. 305.

MARCO DA RAVENNA, Italian engraver, XV. 531.

MARCOIIIANNI, Invasion of Rome by the, XX. 775.

MARCO POLO, medizeval traveller in Asia, XIX. 404; X. 178; хш. 501; his visit to China, V. 648; on Kublai Khan, XIV. 151.

MARCUS, pope, XV. 535.

_ AURELIUS, Roman emperor and philosopher, III. 86; Stoic teaching of, XXII. 573.

MARCY, Mount, New York, U.S.A., XVII. 45o; XXIII. 792.

_, William L., American politician, XXIII. 789.

MARDIN, town, Turkish Kurdistan, XV. 535

MARDONIUS, Persian general, XVIII. 571

MARE, island, South Pacific, XV. 30; its formation, XIX. 421.

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MARE, Milk of the, XVI. 303, 305.

MAREB, or Marib, Great dyke 0f, Arabia, 11.262; XXIV. 739.

MARECA, genus of birds, XXIV. 561.

MARECCIIIA, river, Italy, XIII. 437.

MAREE, Loch, Scotland, XX. 854.

MAREMMA, Tuscany, Богах jets in, IV. 5o.

MARENGO, Italy, Battle of (1800), III. 130; 1х. 613; XVII. 204.

MAREOTIS, Lake, Egypt, VII. 709.

MARFORIO, statue, at Rome, XVIII. 34‘—

MARGARET, St, wife of King Malcolm Canmore of Scotland, XV. 537; XXI. 481.

_, queen of Denmark and Norway, VII. 85; as regent of Sweden, XXII. 746.

_, Maid of Norway, XV. 537; I. 491; XVII. 588; XXI. 486.

_, countess of Salisbury, VIII. 335.

_of Anjou, wife of Henry VI. of England, XV. 536.

_ of Austria, duchess of Parma, XV. 537; as Spanish regent in Holland, XII. 74.

of Austria, duchess of Savoy, XV. 537

—-— TUDOR, wife of James IV. of Scotland, XXI. 496.

MARGARITA, St, martyr, XV. 538.

, island, Caribbean Sea, Venezuela, XV. 537; pearl fishery of, XVIII. 447.

MARGARITE, mineral, XVI. 413.

MARGARITONE, Italian painter, XXI. 436, 442

MARGARODITE, mineral, XVI. 413.

MARGARY, Augustus Raymond, murdered by Chinese, IV. 559.

MARGAT, Syria, establishment of Knights Hospitallers at, XXI. 174.

MARGATE, town, England, XV. 5 38.

MARGERIDE, La, mountains, Lozère, France, XV. 31.

MARGGRAFF, Andreas S., discoverer of sugar in beetroot, XXII. 625; his experiments on alum, I. 643.

MARGI-IILAN, or Marghinan,
Russia in Asia, XV. 538.

MARGIANA, Parthian kingdom, XVIII. 592

MARGRAVES, of Brandenburg, Xx. 3.

MARGUERITE D’ ANGOULEME, princess, XV. 538.

_ DE VALOIS, three princesses, XV.

538. MARCUS, river, Merv, Asia., XVI. 4I,

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town,

44. MARHATTAS (Mahrattas, q.v.), Indian people, XV. 288. MARI, Syriac writer, XXII. 830. MARIA I., queen of Portugal, XIX. 550_ l., of Portugal, XIX. 553. _ ANNA, regent of Spain, XXII. 3 32.

_ LOUISA, of Austria, wife of

[graphic]

Napoleon I., III. 134; IX. 616; хш. 215.

MARIA LoUIsA of Parma, wife of Charles IV. of Spain, XXII. 342.

MARIA LOUISA of Savoy, ñrst wife of Philip V. of Spain, XXII. 336.

MARIA STUART, Schillers drama, XXI. 397

MARIA THERESA, empress, XV. 539; 111, 127; IX. 586, 691; X. 503; XII. 37o; XIII. 750; her connexion with the pragmatic sanction, XIX. 657; Spanish opposition to, XXII. 339.

MARIA TIIEREsA of Spain, wife oi Louis XIV., IX. 573.

MARIAGE FORCE, Molière's play, XVI. 628.

MARIANNE, wife of Herod the Great, XI. 7 54.

MARIAMPOI., town, Russian Poland, XXII. 728.

MARIANA, Juan de, Spanish historian, XV. 539; XXII. 359;A` his treatise on Jesuitism, XIII. 65o.

_ ISLANDS (Ladrones), North Pacific,

XIV. 199. MARIANNE, Marivaux’s novel, XV. 551. MARIANO, F1a, his opposition to

Savonarola, XXI. 334.

MARIAS, race of people, Central India, III. 426.

MARIATEGUI, Francisco Xavier, Peruvian statesman, XVIII. 676.

MARIAzELI., village, Austria, XV. 5 39.

MARIBIOS, mountains, Nicaragua,
XVII. 477.
MARICOPAS, American-Indian tribe,
XII. 833.

MARIE ANGÉLIQUE DE STE MAGDELEINE (Marie Arnauld), abbess 0f Port Royal, II. 621; XIX. 533.

MARIE ANTOINETTE, Josephs Jeanne, wife of Louis XVI. of France, XV. 540i III. 130; IX. 593; her connexion “ith the diamond necklace affair, хх. 623

MARIE DE FRANCE, French рощей: XV. 541.

MARIENBAD, town, Bohemia, XV. 541; mineral water of, XVI. 435.

MARIENBURG, town, Prussia, XV. 542.

Ьцшвттд, town, Ohio, U.S.A., XV. 542.

MARIETIE, Auguste Ferdinand François, French Egyptologist, XV. 542.

MARIGNAC ACID, XXII. 637.

MARIGNANO, Italy, Battle of (1515), ‘х689; XIV. 451.

MARIGNOLLI, Giovanni traveller, XV. 543.

MARIGOLD, plant, х1х. 544.

MARIGOT, town, St Martin, West Indies» XXI. 186.

MARI IBN Зимник, Arabic writer, XXII. 852.

MARIINA, wood, near Moscow, Russia, XVI. 8 59.

MARIINsIc, town, Siberia, XXIII. 439

MARINA, St, martyr, XV. 5 38.

de’, Italian

MARINDUQUE,
XVIII. 752.
MARINE ANIMALS, Distribution of, VII.

276.

MARINE ENGINES, XXI. 824; XXII. 499, 509» 519

MARINE HOSPITALS, XII. 306.

MARINE INSURANCE, XIII. 184; Lloyd’s, XIV. 741.

MARINER’S COMPASS, VI. 225; XV. 518.

MARINES, naval corps, xv. 544.

MARINE STATIONS, Use of, in zoological study, XXIV. 814.

MARINI, or Marino, Giambattista, Italian poet, XV. 546; XIII. 511.

MARINONI PRINTING MACHINE, XXIII. 707.

MARINUS I.-II., popes, Xv. 546.

_, ancient anatomist, I. 802.

_ of Tyre, ancient geographer, XV. 517; хх. 9I.

ItIARIoLATRv, worship of the Virgin Mary, xv. 591.

MARION, Francis, American general, Xv. 546.

MARIONETTES, ­performing figures, XV. 546

MARIOTTE, Edme, French physicist, XV. 547; his experiments on atmospheric pressure, XIX. 242; his law of dilatation of gases, III. 35; on the motion of fluids, XII. 436. " `

MARIPOSA, California, U.S.A., its large trees, XXIII. 810.

MARISCHAL, title, xv. 574.

_, Earls, in Scotland, XIV. 28; XXII. 460.

_ COLLEGE, Aberdeen, XXIII. 84 3.

I\IARISI, people, Nubia, XVII. 612.

MARITIME ALPS, I. 623.

MARITIIIE LAW, XXI. 583; points defined by Declaration of Paris (1856), VII. 21.

MARITIME PROVINCE, Eastern Siberia, XV. 547; XIII. 831; XXII. 2, II.

MARITIMES, Alpes, department, France, I. 599.

MARIUPOL, town, Russia, xv. 549.

.\IARIUS, bishop of Lausanne, XIV. 35o.

_, Саша, Roman general and consul, XV. 549; xX. 758; in Jugurthine War, XIII. 767; his rivalry with Sulla, XXII. 632.

MARIVAUX, Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de, French novelist and dramatist, xv. 550; VII. 426; IX. 666.

MARJORAM, herb, XII. 289; XXIII. 333.

MARK, St, the Evangelist, XV. 551.

_, Gospel of, X. 789.

_, territorial division, early English, VIII. 273; German, XX. 2.

ANTONY (Antonius, Marcus, q.v.),

Roman triumvir, II. 140.

BAR Кии, Syriac writer, XXII. 848.

.\IARKET, or Fair, VIII. 847.

_ CRossEs, VI. 612.

island, Philippines,

Scotland,

MARKET DEEPING, village, England, Cultivation of mint at, XVIII. 518.

MARKET-GARDENING, I. 384. See also article Horticulture.

MARKHAM, Albert H., English Arctic explorer, X. 196; XIX. 324.

_, Colonel William, deputy governor, Pennsylvania, XVIII. 495.

_ ARABIAN, horse, XII. 182.

MARKING NUT, XVII. 665.

MARKIRCH, town, Germany, XV. 5 52.

MARI., for brickmaking, IV. 281; as manure, l. 351.

MARLBOROUGII, town, England, XV. 552; parliamentary representation, XXIV. 594.

_, town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., XV.

_, Arms of dukes of, XI. 712.

_, Duke of, English general, XV. 553; III. 445; VIII. 35 3; British army under, II. 571; his campaigns, IX. 58I; in the Netherlands, XII. 81; in War of Succession, III. 126; his relations with Harley, XVIII. 99; Blenheim House erected for him, III. 825.

_ COLLEGE, Marlborough, England, XV. 553.

MARLIOZ, spa, France, XXI. 332.

MARLOW, Great, town, England, XV. 556

MARLOWE, Christopher, English dramatist, XV. 556; v11.429; VIII.4I8; XXI. 762; his pastoral poems, XVIII. 347.

MARLV-LE-ROI, town, France, Xv. 558.

MARMALADE, conserve, XIII. 564.

MARMAROSIS, kind of rock metamorphosis, XV. 528.

MAR MENOR, lagoon, Spain, 293.

MARMION, Scott’s poem, XXI. 548.

MARMOLITE, mineral, XVI. 414.

MARMONT, Auguste Frédéric Louis ‘Иже de, marshal Of France, XV. 5 58.

MARMONTEL, Jean François, French writer, XV. 559; XVII. 424.

MARMORA, Sea. of, III. 797; XV. 820.

MARMOR CIIRONICON, one of the Arundel Marbles, II. 671.

MARMOSET, ape, II. 154.

MARMOT, rodent mammal, XV. 559, 417, 418.

MARNA, Phoenician god, XVIII. 756.

MARNE, department, France, xv. 561.

_, river, France, XXI. 624.

_, Haute, department, France, XV. 561.

MARNIX, Filips van, Dutch Reformer, XII. 92.

MAROBODUUS, German chief, X. 475.

MAROCCO, or Morocco (ум), country, North Africa, XvI. 830.

MARON, John of, founder of the Maronites, XV. 562.

MARONI, town, Comoro Island, West Africa, VI. 220.

_, river, Dutch Guiana, XI. 2 51.

XXII.

MARONITES, Oriental Christian sect, xv. 562; XIV. 395; XX. 631; their war with the Druses, VII. 486.

MAROONS, class of Negroes, XV. 562; хш. 550.

MAROs, river, Hungary, XXIII. 522.

MAROS-VÁSÁRHELV, tomi, Hungary, XV. 562.

MAROT, Clément, French poet, xv. 563; IX. 65o; psalms and hymns by, X11. 589.

_, Jean, French poet, XV. 563.

MAROTIQUE, École, French school of poetry, XX. 841.

MAROZIA, mother of Pope John XI., XIII. 710; XX. 787.

MARPRELATE, Martin, controversy and pamphlets, XVIII. 204; V11. 429; XXIV. 554

MARQUE, Letters of, XIII. 194.

MARQUEE, tent, XXIII. 183.

MARQUENTERRE, district.,
France, XXII. 261.

MARQUESAS ISLANDS, South Pacific,
XV. 564; taboo system in, XXIII. 16.

MARQUESITE, mineral, XV. 5 32.

MARQUESS, or Marquis, title, XV. 565; XVIII. 464; XXIII. 418.

MARQUETRV, inlaid wood-work, 1x. 849; XIII. 81.

MARQUETTE, town, Michigan, U.S.A., XV. 565.

-­, Jacques, French missionary and explorer, XV. 565.

MARQUEZ, Arnaldo, Peruvian poet, XVIII. 676.

MARQUIS, title, XV. 565; XXIII. 418; in the British реек-аде, XVIII. 464.

MARQUOIS SCALE AND TRIANGLE, surveying instruments, XXII. 720.

MARRAII MOUNTAINS, Soudan, Africa, XXII. 277.

MARRAM, grass, XX. 319. .

MARRI, sanatorium, Punjab, India, XVII. 63.

MARRIAGE, in law, XV. 565; XII. 400; law of settlement, XXI. 694; in relation to woman’s rights, XXIV. 641; breach of promise of, XXIV. 643; under Brehon law, IV. 252; XIII. 256; ceremonies among the Druses, VII. 485 ; among tlIe Parsees, XVIII. 325; totemistie ceremonies, XXIII. 47o; between different classes and castes, V. 187, 191; in relation to concubinage, v1. 244; custom in Cardigan, V. 95; Chinese customs, V. 670; Tibetan customs, XXIII. 344 ; forbidden degrees in totem clans, XXIII. 472; dissolution of, VII. 300; in feudal times, XIV. 114; among the early Israelites, X111. 408; in medical jurisprudence, XV. 778; special licences, VII. 259; ancient Mexican, XVI. 213; myths of, XVII. 158 ; status of Nonconformists in regard to, XVII. 5 3 3; among primitive races, VIII.618;1X. 18; rank conferred

Somme, by, XIX. 665; registration of, XX. 343; in Roman law, хх. 671, 674, 677, 688, 704, 712 ; socialistic views of, XXII. 219 ; of widows among Jews, XXI. III. See also Adultery, Divorce, Family.

MARRIAGE, novel by Miss Ferrier, 1х. IIo.

_ À LA MODE, Hogan-tifs engravings, XII. 49.

MARRocK, bird, XI. 262.

MARROON, in pyrotechny, XX. 136.

MARROT, bird, XX. 302.

1\1АККО\У, Anatomy of, I. 854.

_ TUMOURS, XVIII. 371.

MARRUBIUM, genus of plants, XII. 166.

MARRYAT, Frederick, English novelist, xv. 569.

MARS, Roman god (the Greek Arcs), XV. 569: 11.484

_, planet, II. 776, 782, 804; parallax of, II. 796; solar parallax found by, XVIII. 246, 250; as affected by tidal friction, XXIII. 379; KepleI-’s investi» gations of, XIV. 46.

_, Hill of, at Athens, II. 481.

MARSALA, town, Sicily, xv. 570; ххп. 31; wine of, XXIV. 610.

MARSA ScIRocco, harbour, Malta, xv. 340

MARSDEN, Samuel, missionary, New Zealand, XVII. 47I.

_, \Villiam, English Orientalist, XV. 571

MARsEILLAIsE, French song, by Rouget (le Lisle, IX. 603; XXI. I3.

MARsEILLEs, town, France, xv. 571; libraries of, XIV. 526, 546; observatory, XVII. 712; plague at, XIX. 166; “тег— works, II. 222.

MARSH, George Perkins, American diplomatist and philologist, XV. 574.

_, Othniel Charles, on fossil birds, XVIII. 36.

MARsHAI., title, XV. 574.

_, Earl, of England, XV. 574; XXI. 36; XXII. 459.

_ oF THE ADMIRALTV, I. 162.

MARSHALL, John, American chiefjustice, XV. 574; I. 721; XXII. 578.

_, Mount, Virginia, U.S.A., XXIII. 794.

MARSHALLING ARMs, in heraldry, XI. 705.

MARSHALL ISLANDS,
XVI. 256; XVIII. 128.

MARsHALLTowN, town, Iowa, U.S.A.,
XV. 574.

MARSH FEVER, XV. 316.

MARSH-GAS, XVI. 194; XVIII. 237.

MAR SHIMUN, patriarch of Kurdish Nestorians, XVII. 357.

MARSH LAND, Reclaiming of, I. 405.

MARSH MALLow, plant, xv. 335. '

MARSHMAN, Joshua, English missionary and Orientalist, XV. 574.

MARSH OTTER, carnivorous mammal,

XVI. 474.

Pacific Ocean,

[graphic]

MARSIGLI, Luigi Ferdinand (Marsilius), Italian soldier and savant, XV. 575 ; on birds, XVIII. 8.

MARSILIUS of Padua, his influence on Occam, XVII. 718.

_ FICINUS, Platonic philosopher, I.

MARsILLAT, Guglielmo di, his glass paintings, X. 670.

MARSLAND, Peter, his improvements on power-looms, VI. 501.

MARSTON, salt-mine, Cheshire, England, XXI. 231.

_, J ohn,English satiristanddramatist, XV. 575; VII. 433.

_ MOOR, England, Battle of (1643), VI. 599; VIII. 347; XVII. 380.

MARSTRAND, island, Sweden, XXII.

737

_, Wilhelm, Danish painter, VII. 94.

выхватила, order of mammals, XIII. 838; XV. 378; III. 111.

M AR’S WORK, ruins, Stirling, Scotland, XXII. 55 5.

MARSYAS, Phrygian god, XV. 575; representation of, in relief, XVII. 120. MARTEL, Charles, king of the Fmnks, IX. 531 ; X. 477; his victory over the

Moslems, XVI. 576.

MARTEN, carnivorous mammal, XV. 575, 439, 44o; skins of, IX. 838.

MARTENS, Frederick, Dutch Arctic explorer, XIX. 318.

MARTES, genus of carnivorous mammals, XV. 576.

MARTHA'S V шишки, island, 11105311chusetts, U.S.A., XV. 612.

MARTI, F. de Paula., Spanish stenographer, XXI. 842.

MARTIAL, St, Festival of, at Limoges, France, XIV. 652.

_ (M. Valerius Martialis), Roman poet, XV. 577; XXI. 319; language and style of, XIV. 337; his place in Roman Лишние, хх. 725.

_ AcHIEvEMI-:NTs 0F THE ScoTs NATION, by Abercromby, I. 37.

_ LAW, VI. 517; XVI. 295.

MARTIANUS CAPELLA, his encyclopzedia, VIII. 191.

MARTIGUES, town, France, xv. 580.

MARTIN, bird, XV. 581.

_, St, bishop of Tours, XV. 581; XVI. 702; XXIII. 491; Life of, Ъу Sulpicius Severus, XXI. 702.

_1., pope, Xv. 582; XIX. 494; хх. 783.

_ I.­Ill. (Marinus I.-II.), popes, XV. 546.

_ IV., pope, XV. 582 ; хх. 798.

_ V., pope, XV. 582; XIX. 502; хх. 805.

_, king of Aragon, XXII. 323.

­_, David, Scottish painter, XX. 218.

_, Henri, French historian, IX. 680.

_, John, English painter, XV. 582.

_- of Mainz, heretic, XVII. 486.

[graphic]

MARTINA FRANCA, town, Italy, xv. 583.

MARTIN CIIUzzLEwIT, Dickens’s novel, VII. 176.

MARTINEAU, Harriet, English authoress, XV. 583; on political economy, XIX. 377

MARTINI-zz, Niccolo, patron of Metastasio, XVI. 104.

_ DE LA КОЗА, Francisco, Spanish poet, XXII. 361. -— DE TOLEDO,

writer, XXII. 355.

MARTINI, or Martino, Francesco di Giorgio, Sienese painter and sculptor, XXII. 44; XXIV. 1о.

_, Giovanni Battista, Italian musical composer, xv. 584; XVII. 92.

_, Simone (or Simone di Martino), Italian painter, XV. 58 5.

MARTINI-HENRY RIFLE, XI. 282.

MARTINIQUE, island, West Indies, xv. 485; IX. 526.

MARTINMAS, feast of St Martin, xv. 582.

MARTINO, Francisco and Simone.
Martini.

_- DA CANALE, Italian writer, XIII. 501.

MARTIN’S ANCHOR, II. 7.

MARTINSIIURG, tomi, West Virginia, U.S.A., xv. 586.

MARTIUS, Carl Friedrich Philipp von, German naturalist, XV. 586.

MARTLET, in heraldry, XI. 7о2.

1\1АКТОКЕЬЬ‚ Joannot, Spanish romanвы, хх. 658; XXII. 364.

MARTOS, town, Spain, XV. 586.

MARTTAND, or Martund, Temple of, at Kashmir, II. 396; XIV. II.

MARTYN, Henry, English missionary, xv. 586; 111 Persia, XVIII. 649.

MARTVNIA, plant, Peru, XVIII. 670.

MARTYR, Peter, Italian Reformer, XXIV. 166.

MARTYRoLoGv, catalogue of martyrs, Xv. 587; Syriac, XXII. 828.

MARTVRs, Era of, v. 716.

MARUDU, river, North Borneo, XXI. 123.

MARULLUS, и Michael ç Tarchaniota, Florentine scholar, XV. 588.

MARUM, or Магии, Martin van, Dutch scientist, XV. 588.

MARUTHA of Maiperkat, Syriac writer, XXII. 828.

_ of Tghrith, Syriac Writer, XXII. 838.

ItIARUTsE-MABUNDA, kingdom, South Africa, XV. 588.

никоим-15110, Syriac writer, XXII. 847.

MARVELL, Andrew, English poet, XV. 588.

M ARwAR, or Jodhpur, state, India, XIII. 703; XX. 260.

MARX, Karl, German economist und

Alonzo, Spanish

See

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