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XX. 131.

MANDEVILLE, Jehan de, or Sir John, | MANG-TSZE (Mencius), Chinese philo MANN, Horace, American educationist, writer of travels, XV. 473; XVII. 728. sopher, XVI. 3; v. 661.

XV. 492. MANDHAR, kingdom, Celebes, V. 290. MANGU KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 741; MANNA, XV. 493; Australian, viii. 650; MANDI, state, Punjab, India, xv. 475.

XXI. 90.

from the ash, 11. 680; XIV. 310; from MANDINGAN GROUP, of Negroes, XVII. MANGU TIMUR, Mongol ruler, XVI. the larch, XIV. 310. 319.

746.

MANNA-LICHEN, XIV. 560. MANDINGOES, African people, xv. 475; MANG-YUL, region, Tibet, XXIII. 340. MANNAR PASSAGE, Ceylon, v. 359. 1. 263; XXI. 662; XXII. 278.

MANHATTAN ISLAND, New York, MANNHEIM, town, Baden, Germany, MANDLA, district, India, xv. 476.

U.S.A., XVIII. 458.

XV. 493; academy of sciences at, I. 71; MANDOLA, Italian lute, XV. 70. MANHOOD, Period of, xv. 778.

observatory, XVII. 713. MANDOLINE, Italian lute, xv. 70. MANI, founder of Manichæism, xv. MANNING, river, New South Wales, MANDRAGOLA, Machiavelli's comedy, 482.

XVII. 408.
XV. 151.
MANIA, form of insanity, XIII. 104.

Robert, English chronicler, xv.
MANDRAGORA, genus of plants, xv. MANIACES, Georgius, Byzantine general, 494; VIII. 410.
476; use of, as an anæsthetic, 1. 789.
XXII. 24.

Thomas, English traveller in Tibet, MANDRAKE, plant, XV. 476.

MANICHÆISM, religious system, XV. XIV. 503; XXIII. 338. MAN-DRAM, pickle, V. 280.

481; XI. 737; St Augustine's relations MANNITE, constituent of manna, xv. MANDRILL, baboon, xv. 476.

with, 1II. 76; later developments of, in 493. MANDURAH, town, Western Australia, Middle Ages, XX. 321; XXIV. 322; I.

MANNUCCI, Teobaldo, Venetian printer, XXIV. 508. 454 (Albigenses); 11. 858 (Bogomili);

XV. 512. MANDURIA, town, Italy, xv. 477. XVIII. 433 (Paulicians).

MANOEL I., king of Portugal, Vili. MANEGRS, Tungus tribe, Siberia, MANICORDO, musical instrument, xix. 157 XXIII, 608.

66.

MAN OF FEELING, Mackenzie's, xv. MAN-ENGINES, in mines, XVI. 462. MANIDÆ, family of edentate mammals, 158. MANES, in Roman mythology, XV. 477. XV. 388.

MAN OF MODE, Etheridge's comedy, founder of Manichæism, XV. 482. MANIFOLDNESS, in mathematics, xv.

VIII. 573. MANETHO, Egyptian priest and annal

629, 661.

MAN-OF-WAR, ship, XXI. 821. ist, XV. 478, 144; V. 710; on Egyptian MANIHOT, india-rubber plant, XII. 837. bird, ix. 786. chronology, I. 499; his History of MANILA, town, Philippine Islands, xv. MANOMETER, pressure gauge, XV. 494; Egypt, vii. 729. 487; XVIII. 750.

XIX. 245. MANETTA, Filippo, on Negro children, HEMP, vegetable fibre, xv. 488; I. MANOMETRIC GAS- THERMOMETER, XVII. 317

4; XI. 647; culture of, xvIII. 751. MANETTI, Giannozzo, Italian writer, MANILIUS, Roman poet, XV. 489. MANOMETRIC THERMOMETRY, XI. 561. XIII. 506.

MANILLA, or Manila, town, Philippine MANON LESCAUT, Prévost's novel, XIX. MANFRED, king of the Two Sicilies, xv. Islands, XV. 487.

720. 478; XIII. 475; XXII. 27; his contest HEMP, or Manila Hemp (q.v.), xv. MANOOF, canal, Egypt, VII. 710. with Pope Alexander IV., 1. 487.

488.

MANOR, in English law, xv. 496; MANFREDONIA, town, Italy, xv. 479.

NUT, XI. 221.

lordship of, xxi. 623; origin of, VIII. MANGALIA, town, Roumania, xv. 479. MANIN, Daniele, president of Venetian 298. MANGALORE, town, India, xv. 479. republic, xv. 489.

MAN-OUNG, island, Burmah, xiv. 162. MANGANATES, salts of manganese, xv.

Ludovico, doge of Venice, xxiv. MAN-POWER, in mechanics, xv. 772. 480; spectra of, XXII. 377.

148.

MANRESA, town, Spain, xv. 497. MANGANEISEN, metal, XIII. 350. MANINDJI, lake, Sumatra, XXII. 638. MANROLITE, mineral, XVI. 408. MANGANESE, chemical element, xv. | MANIOC, plant, II. 631; V. 182; XXIII. MANS, Le, town, France, XV. 497. 479; V. 533; in bleaching powder, v. 56.

MANSA MUSA, West-African prince, 679; deposit of, in Pacific Ocean, MANIPLE, ecclesiastical vestment, VI.

XV. 475. XVIII. 125; production of, xvi. 467. 462.

MANSART, Jules Hardouin, French Red, mineral, xvi. 398. MANIPUR, state, India, XV. 489.

architect, XVIII. 292; XXIV. 176. MANGANITE, mineral, xv. 479; XVI. MANIS, genus of edentate mammals, MANSEL, Henry Longueville, English 388. XV. 388; XVIII, 211.

metaphysician, xv. 497; his logic, xiv. MANGANOCALCITE, mineral, xvi. 398. MANISA, or Manissa, town, Asia Minor, 800. MANGAREVA, island, South Pacific,

—Sir Robert, his expedition against XXIII. 602.

MANISTEE, town, Michigan, U.S.A., XV. Algiers, 1. 566. MANGEL-WURZEL, Culture of, I. 368; 490.

MANSFELD, Count Ernest of, Protestant beer made from, IV. 271.

MANITOBA, province, Canada, XV. 490; general, xv. 498. MANGERAAI (Flores), island, Indian XVII. 573; climate of, iv. 772.

MANSFIELD, mountain, Vermont, Archipelago, IX. 337.

MANITOULIN, district, Ontario, Canada, U.S.A., XXIII. 792; XXIV. 166. MANGER OF BUCEPHALUS, stone monu XVII. 776.

town, England, xv. 498. ment, near Philippi, Macedonia, XVIII. MANITOWOC, town, Wisconsin, U.S.A., town, Ohio, U.S.A., XV. 498. 746. XV. 491.

Earl of, lawyer and politician, xv. MANGHISHLAK, town, Transcaspian MANKATO, town, Minnesota, U.S.A., xv. Region, Russia, xxIII. 513.

491.

MANSIONS, English, Architecture of, 11. MANGLING, in bleaching, III. 817. MANLEY, John, English postal con 443; Roman, II. 420. MANGO, tree and fruit, xv. 481.

tractor, xix. 564.

MANSLAUGHTER, in law, xvII. 52. MANGORO, river, Madagascar, xv. 169. Mary de la Rivier, English drama- | MANSON, George, Scottish painter, xv. MANGOSTEEN, tree and fruit, XV. 481. tist, XV. 491.

500. MANGROVE, tree, xv. 481.

MANLIUS, Roman family, xv. 492. MANSOOR, El-Hakim, Fatimite caliph

XV. 490.

498.

367.

VI.

and founder of the Druses, XI. 378; | MANUS INJECTIO, in Roman law, xx. 626; observatory at, xvi. 742; XVII. VII. 484, 751. 684.

709. MANSUR, or Mansoor, surname of MANUSMRITI, Sanskrit law, XXI. 288. MARAH, Sweetening the waters of, Mohammedan princes, XV. 500. MANUTIUS, Aldus, or Aldo Manuzio, Sprengel on, xiv. 767. of Hallaj, Persian pantheist, XI. the Elder, Italian printer, xv. 512. MARALDI, James Philip, French astro

Aldus, junior, Italian printer and nomer, II. 755. Abu Jafar al-, caliph, XVI. 578. scholar, xv. 514.

MARANHÃO, or Maranham, town, Brazil, Abul Cassim (Firdousi), Persian Paulus, Italian printer, xv. 513; XV. 526; capture of, by Lord Cochrane poet, ix. 225. his Latinity, XIV. 342.

(1823), vii. 540. MANSVELT, buccaneer, iv. 409. MANX LANGUAGE, XV. 453; V. 298; MARAÑON (Amazon), river, South MANT, Richard, bishop of Down, hymn dictionaries of, vii. 188.

America, 1. 654, 674; XVIII. 673. writer, XII. 595.

MANX PUFFin, bird, xxl. 781. MARÃO, Serra de, Portugal, xix. 536. MANTEGNA, Andrea, Italian painter, MANYANGA, town, Congo river, Africa, MARASCHINO, liqueur, v. 586; Xiv. architect, and engraver, XV. 501; VIII. XXIV. 765.

687; manufacture of, xxiv. 769. 440, 441; XXI. 436.

MANYEUMA COUNTRY, Central Africa, MARASMIUS, genus of Fungi, xvII. 76. MANTELL, Gideon Algernon, English 1. 248.

MARAT,Jean Paul, French Revolutionist, geologist, xv. 502.

MANYOSHIU, Japanese poems, XIII. XV. 526; 1X. 604; assassination of, vi. MANTIC UTTAIR, Persian poem, IX. 587.

388. 89.

MANYTCH, affluent of the Don, Russia, MARATHI LANGUAGE, Dictionaries of, MANTIDÆ, group of insects, XIII. 152. XXI. 74; XXII. 472.

VII. 191. MANTINEIA, ancient town, Greece, xv. MANZANARES, river, Spain, xv. 190. MARATHON, Plain of, Greece, xv. 528; 503.

MANZANILLA, seaport, Mexico, III. 60; battle of (490 B.C.), XI. 99; MANTININO (Martinique), island, West 141.

XVIII. 571; painting of battle, XVII. Indies, XV. 586.

WINE, Spain, xxiv. 607.

41. MANTIRS, tribe, Sumatra, XXII. 640. MANZONI, Alessandro Francesco Tom- MARATHONIANS, early Christian sect, MANTIS, insect, xv. 503; myth of the, maso Antonio, Italian poet, XV. 514; XV. 145. XVII. 147

VII. 417; XIII. 515; on the torture of MARATTIACEÆ, group of ferns, 1X. 105. MANTISSA, in logarithms, XIV. 772. accused persons, XXIII. 467.

MARBLE, crystalline limestone, xv. MANTLING, in heraldry, XI. 711. MAORIS, New Zealand race, XVII. 471; 528; XVI. 397; structure of, X. 231; MANTUA, town, Italy, XV. 504; XX. 145; myths of, xvii. 149.

mosaics of, xvi. 851; sculptors' work coins of, xvii. 657; Gonzaga family, MAP, MAP, xv. 515 (with list, 522); on, XXI. 571; earliest workers in X. 772; pictures in, xxi. 447; Man making of, X. 163; XXII. 709, 714; statuary of, 11. 349; veneer, XVII. 36; tegna's works at, xv. 501; Rubens's carliest forms of, xx. 91, 94; classes of Attica, III. 59; of Carrara, V. 133; works in, XXI. 41.

of, X. 191; cleaning of, III. 821; con of Maragha, xv. 526; Parian, xvIII. MANTUMBA, lake, Central Africa, XXIV. struction of, x. 200; D'Anville's im 319; Roman, xx. 808; of Tabriz, xxiv. 764.

provements in, VI. 820; meteorological, 12; of Venice, XXIV, 149; of Verona, MANU, Hindu lawgiver, XXI. 288 ; XVI. 158; of early navigators, xvII. XXIV. 170. institutes of, iv. 203.

253.

MARBLEHEAD, town, Massachusetts, MANUALS, of organ, xvII. 830.

Mapes, or Mapus, Walter, English U.S.A., XV. 530. MANUCODE, bird, xv. 504.

ecclesiastic, statesman, and writer, xv. MARBLE HILL, Twickenham, England, MANUEL I., Comnenus, emperor of Con 523; vill. 408; IX. 639; XX. 644. XXIII. 674. stantinople, xv. 505.

MAPLE, tree, xv. 523; of United States, MARBLING, in painter's work, Iv. II., Palæologus, of Constantinople, XXIII. 807.

512. XV. 505; XVIII. 166.

City (Ogdensburg), New York, MARBURG, town, Austria, XV. 530; XXII. I.-III., emperors of Trebizond, U.S.A., XVII. 733.

614. XV. 505.

SUGAR, XXII. 628.

town, Prussia, xv. 530; university Juan, Spanish writer, XXII. 354. MAPOCHO, river, Chili, XXI. 298.

of, XXIII. 844; conference (1529) CHRYSOLORAS, Greek grammarian, MAPUS (Walter Map, q.v.), xv. 523. between Luther and Zwingli, xv. 82; XI. 149. MAR, district, Scotland, 1. 43.

Melanchthon's action at, xv. 834. PHILES, Byzantine dramatist, XI. Earldom of, xv. 524.

MARCABRUN, Provençal poet, XIX. 874. 145.

Earl of, regent of Scotland, xiii. MARCANDA (Samarkand), ancient town, MANUFACTURES, in relation to art, 11. 558; XXI. 506.

Central Asia, XXI. 246; I. 483. 639; economic extension of, xix. 355; MARA of Amid, Syriac writer, xxII. MARCANTONIO RAIMONDI,

Italian tariff protection of, ix. 755. 833

engraver, XV. 530; VIII. 441. MANU-MEA, Samoan pigeon, XIX. 85. MAR-ABHA I., Syriac writer, xxII. 826, MARCASITE, mineral, xv. 532; XVI. MANUMISSION, in Roman law, xx. 704. 836.

390. MANURE, XV. 505; agricultural, 1. 305, MAR-ABHA II., patriarch, Syriac writer, MARCEL, Étienne, provost of the mer342; artificial, 1. 353; xiv. 568; for XXII. 844.

chants, Paris, IX. 546; V. 409; XVIII. gardens, XII. 232; law relating to MARABOU-Stork, bird, XIII. 529. 289. tenants use of, xiv. 275; quantities MARABOUT, Moslem devotee, xv. 525. MARCELINE, mineral, xvi. 387. used on small farms, I. 412.

MARACAIBO, town, Venezuela, South MARCELLA, friend of Martial, xv. 579. DISTRIBUTORS, I. 321.

America, xv. 525; population, xxiv. MARCELLINUS, St, bishop of Rome, xv. MANUS, in Roman law, xx. 671.

140.

532. of mammals, xv. 359. MARACANDA (Samarkand), ancient MARCELLO,

Benedetto, Venetian MANUSCRIPTS, VII. 253; XVIII. 144; town, Asia, XX. 246; Alexander at, I. musical composer, xvII. 92. XXIII. 682; paper of, xviii. 217; illu 483.

MARCELLUS I.-II., popes, XV. 533. minated, XII. 707; XVI. 437.

MARAGHA, town, Persia, XV. 525; XVIII. Marcus Claudius, Roman warrior

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XI. 754.

I.

XII. 74.

(consul 222 and 208 B.C.), xv. 532; MARE, Milk of the, XVI. 303, 305. XXII. 817.

MAREB, or Marib, Great dyke of, Arabia, 215. MARCELLUS, Marcus Claudius, Roman 11. 262; XXIV. 739.

MARIA LOUISA of Parma, wife of Charles consul in Spain (152 B.C.), XXII. 306. MARECA, genus of birds, xxiv. 561. IV. of Spain, XXII. 342.

Marcus Claudius, Roman ædile MARECCHIA, river, Italy, XIII. 437. MARIA LOUISA of Savoy, first wife of (consul 51 B.C.), xv. 532. MAREE, Loch, Scotland, xx. 854.

Philip V. of Spain, XXII. 336. Marcus Claudius, adopted son of MAREMMA, Tuscany, Borax jets in, iv. MARIA STUART, Schiller's drama, XXI. Augustus, xv. 533. 50.

397 Theatre of, at Rome, II. 418. MARENGO, Italy, Battle of (1800), III. MARIA THERESA, empress, XV. 539; III. MARCH, month, xv. 533.

130; IX. 613; XVII. 204.

127; IX. 586, 691; X. 503; XII. 370; of an army, XXIV. 362.

MAREOTIS, Lake, Egypt, vil. 709. XIII. 750; her connexion with the river, Moravia, xvi. 810.

MARFORIO, statue, at Rome, XVIII. pragmatic sanction, xix. 657; Spanish Earl of (Roger Mortimer), VIII. 341.

opposition to, XXII. 339. 320, 327.

MARGARET, St, wife of King Malcolm MARIA THERESA of Spain, wife of Louis Auzias, Catalan poet, XXII. 363. Canmore of Scotland, xv. 537; XXI.

XIV., IX. 573. MARCHAND, J. Louis, his musical con 481.

MARIAGE FORCÉ, Molière's play, XVI. test with Bach, III. 195.

; queen of Denmark and Norway, 628. MARCHANTIA, genus of liverworts, VII. 85; as regent of Sweden, XXII. MARIAMNE, wife of Herod the Great, XVII. 68.

746. MARCHASITE, mineral, xv. 532.

Maid of Norway, XV. 537;

MARIAMPOL, town, Russian Poland, MARCHE, province, France, xv. 533. 491; XVII. 588; XXI. 486.

XXII. 728. MÄRCHEN, German folk-tales, 111. 283. countess of Salisbury, VIII. 335. MARIANA, Juan de, Spanish historian, MARCHENA, town, Spain, xv. 533; XXI. of Anjou, wife of Henry VI. XV. 539; XXII. 359; his treatise on 708. of England, xv. 536.

Jesuitism, XIII. 650. MARCHES, district, Italy, 11. 9; dialect of Austria, duchess of Parma, xv. ISLANDS (Ladrones), North Pacific, of, xiii. 496. 537; as Spanish regent in Holland,

XIV. 199. MARCHFELD, Austria, Battle of the

MARIANNE, Marivaux's novel, xv. 551. (1809) (Aspern), xvII. 214.

of Austria, duchess of Savoy, xv. MARIANO, Fra, his opposition to MARCHIONESS, title, xv. 565.

537

Savonarola, XXI. 334. MARCIAN, emperor of the East, xv. 533. Tudor, wife of James IV. of Scot- MARIAS, race of people, Central India, LAW, Roman, xx. 681. land, xxi. 496.

III. 426. MARCIANUS, Codex, Old Testament MARGARITA, St, martyr, xv. 538. MARIATEGUI, Francisco Xavier, PeruMS., XVIII. 148.

island, Caribbean Sea, Venezuela, vian statesman, XVIII. 676. MARCILLAC, Prince de (La Rochefou xv. 537; pearl fishery of, xvIII. 447. MARIAZELL, village, Austria, xv. 539. cauld), French statesman, XIV. 317. MARGARITE, mineral, xvi. 413.

MARIBIOS, mountains, Nicaragua, MARCION, heretical writer, xv. 533 ; X. MARGARITONE, Italian painter, XXI.

XVII. 477 704; on the Epistle to the Ephesians, 436, 442.

MARICOPAS, American-Indian tribe, VIII. 458; Polycarp's attitude to, xix. MARGARODITE, mineral, XVI. 413.

XII. 833. 415.

MARGARY, Augustus Raymond, mur MARIE ANGÉLIQUE DE STE MAGDEMARCIONITE CHURCHES, of 2d and 3d dered by Chinese, iv. 559.

LEINE (Marie Arnauld), abbess of Port centuries, XV. 533; XIX. 415.

MARGAT, Syria, establishment of Royal, 11. 621; XIX. 533. MARCK, Comte de la, Mirabeau's letters Knights Hospitallers at, XXI. 174. MARIE ANTOINETTE, Josephe Jeanne, to, XVI. 496.

MARGATE, town, England, xv. 538. wife of Louis XVI. of France, xv. 540; - Robert de la (Fleuranges), marshal MARGERIDE, La, mountains, Lozère, III. 130; ix. 593; her connexion with of France, IX. 305. France, xv. 31.

the diamond necklace affair, XX. 623. MARCO DA RAVENNA, Italian engraver, MARGGRAFF, Andreas S., discoverer of MARIE DE FRANCE, French poetess, XV. 531. sugar in beetroot, XXII. 625; his

XV. 541. MARCOMANNI, Invasion of Rome by experiments on alum, 1. 643.

MARIENBAD, town, Bohemia, XV. 541; the, XX. 775.

MARGHILAN, or Marghinan, town, mineral water of, XVI. 435. MARCO Polo, mediæval traveller in Russia in Asia, xv. 538.

MARIENBURG, town, Prussia, XV. 542. Asia, xix. 404; X. 178; XIII. 501; his MARGIANA, Parthian kingdom, xviii. MARIETTA, town, Ohio, U.S.A., XV. 542. visit to China, V. 648; on Kublai 592.

MARIETTE, Auguste Ferdinand FranKhan, XIV. 151.

MARGRAVES, of Brandenburg, xx. 3. çois, French Egyptologist, XV. 542. MARCUS, pope, XV. 535.

MARGUÉRITE D'ANGOULÊME, princess, | MARIGNAC ACID, XXII. 637. AURELIUS, Roman emperor and xv. 538.

MARIGNANO, Italy, Battle of (1515), IX. philosopher, III. 86; Stoic teaching of, DE VALOis, three princesses, xv. 689; XIV. 451. XXII. 573

538.

MARIGNOLLI, Giovanni de', Italian MARCY, Mount, New York, U.S.A., MARGUS, river, Merv, Asia, xvi. 41, traveller, XV. 543. XVII. 450; XXIII. 792.

44.

MARIGOLD, plant, xv. 544. William L., American politician, MARHATTAS (Mahrattas, q.v.), Indian MARIGOT, town, St Martin, West Indies, XXIII. 789. people, xv. 288.

XXI. 186. MARDIN, town, Turkish Kurdistan, xv. MARI, Syriac writer, XXII. 830. MARI IBN SULAIMAN, Arabic writer, 535.

MARIA I., queen of Portugal, xix. XXII. 852. MARDONIUS, Persian general, xviii. 550.

MARIINA, wood, near Moscow, Russia, 571.

II., of Portugal, xix. 553.

XVI. 859. MARE, island, South Pacific, xv. 30; ANNA, regent of Spain, XXII. 332. MARIINSK, town, Siberia, XXIII. 439. its formation, XIX. 421.

LOUISA, of Austria, wife of MARINA, St, martyr, xv. 538.

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MARINDUQUE, island, Philippines, | MARKET DEEPING, village, England, | MARONITES, Oriental Christian sect, xv. XVIII. 752.

Cultivation of mint at, xvIII. 518. 562; XIV. 395; XX. 631; their war MARINE ANIMALS, Distribution of, vii. MARKET-GARDENING, I. 384. See also with the Druses, VII. 486. 276.

article Horticulture.

MAROONS, class of Negroes, xv. 562; MARINE ENGINES, XXI. 824; XXII. 499, MARKHAM, Albert H., English Arctic

XIII. 550. 509, 519.

explorer, X. 196; XIX. 324.

MAROS, river, Hungary, XXIII. 522. MARINE HOSPITALS, XII. 306.

Colonel William, deputy governor, MAROS-VÁSÁRHELY, town, Hungary, MARINE INSURANCE, XIII. 184; Lloyd's, Pennsylvania, XVIII. 495.

XV. 562. XIV. 741.

ARABIAN, horse, XII. 182.

MAROT, Clément, French poet, xv. 563; MARINER'S COMPASS, VI. 225; XV. 518. MARKING NUT, XVII. 665.

IX. 650; psalms and hymns by, xii. MARINES, naval corps, xv. 544.

MARKIRCH, town, Germany, xv. 552. 589. MARINE STATIONS, Use of, in zoologi- Marl, for brickmaking, iv. 281; as Jean, French poet, xv. 563. cal study, XXIV. 814.

manure, l. 351.

MAROTIQUE, École, French school of MARINI, or Marino, Giambattista, Italian MARLBOROUGH, town, England, xv. poetry, XX. 841. poet, xv. 546; XIII. 511.

552; parliamentary representation, MAROZIA, mother of Pope John XI., MARINONI PRINTING MACHINE, XXIII. XXIV. 594.

XIII. 710; XX. 787. 707.

town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., xv. MARPRELATE, Martin, controversy and MARINUS I.-II., popes, XV. 546.

553

pamphlets, XVIII. 204; VII. 429; XXIV. ancient anatomist, I. 802.

Arms of dukes of, XI. 712.

554. of Tyre, ancient geographer, xv. Duke of, English general, xv. 553; MARQUE, Letters of, xIII. 194. 517; XX. 91.

III. 445;

VIII. 353; British army | MARQUEE, tent, XXIII. 183. MARIOLATRY, worship of the Virgin under, 11. 571; his campaigns, IX. 581; MARQUENTERRE, district, Somme, Mary, xv. 591.

in the Netherlands, XII. 81; in War of France, XXII. 261. MARION, Francis, American general, Succession, III. 126; his relations with MARQUESAS ISLANDS, South Pacific, XV. 546.

Harley, xviii. 99; Blenheim House XV. 564; taboo system in, XXIII, 16. MARIONETTES, performing figures, xv. erected for him, III. 825.

MARQUESITE, mineral, xv. 532. 546.

COLLEGE, Marlborough, England, MARQUESS, or Marquis, title, xv. 565; MARIOTTE, Edme, French physicist, xv.

XV. 553

XVIII. 464; XXIII. 418. 547; his experiments on atmospheric MARLIOZ, spa, France, XXI. 332. MARQUETRY, inlaid wood-work, IX. pressure, XIX. 242; his law of dilata- MARLOW, Great, town, England, xv. 849; XIII. 81. tion of gases, III. 35; on the motion of 556.

MARQUETTE, town, Michigan, U.S.A., fluids, XII. 436.

MARLOWE, Christopher, English drama XV. 565. MARIPOSA, California, U.S.A., its large tist, XV. 556; VII. 429; VIII. 418; XXI. Jacques, French missionary and trees, XXIII. 810.

762; his pastoral poems, XVIII. 347. explorer, xv. 565. MARISCHAL, title, xv. 574.

MARLY-LE-Roi, town, France, xv. 558. MARQUEZ, Arnaldo, Peruvian poet, Earls, in Scotland, xiv. 28; XXII. MARMALADE, conserve, XIII. 564.

XVIII. 676. 460.

MARMAROSIS, kind of rock metamor- MARQUIS, title, xv. 565; XXIII. 418; in COLLEGE, Aberdeen, Scotland, phosis, xv. 528.

the British peerage, XVIII. 464. XXIII. 843.

MAR MENOR, lagoon, Spain, XXII. MARQUOIS SCALE AND TRIANGLE, MARISI, people, Nubia, xvII. 612.

293.

surveying instruments, XXII. 720. MARITIME ALPS, 1. 623. MARMION, Scott's poem, XXI. 548.

MARRAH MOUNTAINS, Soudan, Africa, MARITIME LAW, XXI. 583; points de- | MARMOLITE, mineral, XVI. 414.

XXII. 277. fined by Declaration of Paris (1856), MARMONT, Auguste Frédéric Louis MARRAM, grass, XX. 319. VII. 21.

Viesse de, marshal of France, xv. 558. MARRI, sanatorium, Punjab, India, XVII. MARITIME PROVINCE, Eastern Siberia, MARMONTEL, Jean François, French 63. XV. 547; XIII. 831; XXII. 2, II.

writer, xv. 559; XVII. 424.

MARRIAGE, in law, xv. 565; XII. 400; MARITIMES, Alpes, department, France, MARMORA, Sea of, 111. 797; xv. 820. law of settlement, XXI. 694; in relation 1. 599.

MARMOR CHRONICON, one of the to woman's rights, xxiv. 641; breach MARIUPOL, town, Russia, xv. 549. Arundel Marbles, 11. 671.

of promise of, XXIV. 643; under MARIUS, bishop of Lausanne, xiv. 350. MARMOSET, ape, ll. 154.

Brehon law, IV. 252; XIII. 256; cereCaius, Roman general and consul, MARMOT, rodent mammal, xv. 559, 417, monies among the Druses, vii. 485; XV. 549; XX. 758; in Jugurthine War, 418.

among the Parsees, XVIII. 325; totemXIII. 767; his rivalry with Sulla, MARNA, Phænician god, xviii. 756. istic ceremonies, xxIII. 470; between XXII. 632.

MARNE, department, France, xv. 561. different classes and castes, V. 187, 191; MARIVAUX, Pierre Carlet de Chamblain river, France, XXI. 624.

in relation to concubinage, VI. 244; de, French novelist and dramatist, Haute, department, France, xv. custom in Cardigan, v. 95; Chinese XV. 550; VII. 426; IX. 666. 561.

customs, V. 670; Tibetan customs, MARJORAM, herb, XII. 289; XXIII. 333. MARNIX, Filips van, Dutch Reformer, XXIII. 344 ; forbidden degrees in MARK, St, the Evangelist, xv. 551.

totem clans, xxIII. 472; dissolution Gospel of, x. 789.

MAROBODUUS, German chief, X. 475. of, vii. 300; in feudal times, XIV. 114; territorial division, early English, Marocco, or Morocco (q.v.), country, among the early Israelites, XIII. 408; VIII. 273; German, XX. 2. North Africa, xvi. 830.

in medical jurisprudence, xv. 778; ANTONY (Antonius, Marcus, q.v.), MARON, John of, founder of the Maro special licences, VII. 259; ancient Roman triumvir, 11. 140. nites, XV. 562.

Mexican, xvi. 213; myths of, xvII. BAR KIKI, Syriac writer, XXII. 848. MARONI, town, Comoro Island, West 158; status of Nonconformists in MARKET, or Fair, vill. 847.

Africa, VI. 220.

regard to, XVII. 533; among primitive CROSSES, VI. 612.

river, Dutch Guiana, XI. 251. races, VIII. 618; IX. 18; rank conferred

XII. 92.

IIO.

XII. 49.

by, xix. 665; registration of, xx. 343; | MARSIGLI, Luigi Ferdinand (Marsilius), | MARTINA FRANCA, town, Italy, xv. in Roman law, XX. 671, 674, 677, 688, Italian soldier and savant, xv. 575;

583. 704, 712; socialistic views of, xxII. on birds, XVIII. 8.

MARTIN CHUZZLEWIT, Dickens's novel, 219; of widows among Jews, XXI. MARSILIUS of Padua, his influence on VII. 176. 11. See also Adultery, Divorce, Occam, XVII. 718.

MARTINEAU, Harriet, English authoress, Family.

FICINUS, Platonic philosopher, I. XV. 583; on political economy, XIX. MARRIAGE, novel by Miss Ferrier, ix. 69.

377. MARSILLAT, Guglielmo di, his glass MARTINEZ, Niccolo, patron of MetaÀ LA MODE, Hogarth's engravings, paintings, X. 670.

stasio, XVI. 104. MARSLAND, Peter, his improvements on DE LA ROSA, Francisco, Spanish MARROCK, bird, XI. 262.

power-looms, VI. 501.

poet, XXII. 361. MARROON, in pyrotechny, xx. 136. MARSTON, salt-mine, Cheshire, England, DE TOLEDO, Alonzo, Spanish MARROT, bird, xx. 302.

XXI. 231.

writer, XXII. 355. MARROW, Anatomy of, 1. 854.

John, English satirist and dramatist, MARTINI, or Martino, Francesco di TUMOURS, XVIII. 371. XV. 575; VII. 433.

Giorgio, Sienese painter and sculptor, MARRUBIUM, genus of plants, XII. 166. MOOR, England, Battle of (1643), XXII. 44; XXIV. 10. MARRYAT, Frederick, English novelist, VI. 599; VIII. 347; XVII. 380.

Giovanni Battista, Italian musical XV. 569.

MARSTRAND, island, Sweden, XXII. composer, xv. 584; XVII. 92. MARS, Roman god (the Greek Ares), xv. 737

-, Simone (or Simone di Martino), 569; II. 484.

Wilhelm, Danish painter, vil. 94. Italian painter, xv. 585. planet, 11. 776, 782, 804; parallax MARSUPIALIA, order of mammals, XIII. MARTINI-HENRY RIFLE, XI. 282. of, Il. 796; solar parallax found by, 838; xv. 378; III. III.

MARTINIQUE, island, West Indies, xv. XVIII. 246, 250; as affected by tidal | MAR's WORK, ruins, Stirling, Scotland, 485; IX. 526. friction, xxIII. 379; Kepler's investi

XXII. 555.

MARTINMAS, feast of St Martin, xv. gations of, xiv. 46.

MARSYAS, Phrygian god, xv. 575; re 582. Hill of, at Athens, Il. 481.

presentation of, in relief, xvII. 120. MARTINO, Francisco and Simone. See MARSALA, town, Sicily, xv. 570; XXII. MARTEL, Charles, king of the Franks, Martini. 31; wine of, xxiv. 610.

IX. 531 ; X. 477; his victory over the DA CANALE, Italian writer, XIII. MARSA SCIROCCO, harbour, Malta, xv. Moslems, XVI. 576.

501. 340.

MARTEN, carnivorous mammal, XV. MARTIN'S ANCHOR, 11. 7. MARSDEN, Samuel, missionary, New

575, 439, 440; skins of, ix. 838. MARTINSBURG, town, West Virginia, Zealand, XVII. 471.

MARTENS, Frederick, Dutch Arctic ex U.S.A., xv. 586. - William, English Orientalist, xv. plorer, xix. 318.

MARTIUS, Carl Friedrich Philipp von, 571.

MARTES, genus of carnivorous mammals, German naturalist, xv. 586. MARSEILLAISE, French song, by Rouget xv. 576.

MARTLET, in heraldry, XI. 702. de Lisle, ix. 603; XXI. 13.

MARTHA'S VINEYARD, island, Massa MARTORELL, Joannot, Spanish romanMARSEILLES, town, France, xv. 571; chusetts, U.S.A., xv. 612.

cist, xx. 658; XXII. 364. libraries of, xiv. 526, 546; observatory, MARTI, F. de Paula, Spanish steno- MARTOS, town, Spain, xv. 586. XVII. 712; plague at, xix. 166; water grapher, XXI. 842.

MARTTAND, or Martund, Temple of, at works, II. 222.

MARTIAL, St, Festival of, at Limoges, Kashmir, II. 396; XIV. II. MARSH, George Perkins, American dip France, xiv. 652.

MARTYN, Henry, English missionary, lomatist and philologist, XV. 574.

(M. Valerius Martialis), Roman XV. 586; in Persia, xvIII. 649. Othniel Charles, on fossil birds, poet, xv. 577; XXI. 319; language and MARTYNIA, plant, Peru, XVIII. 670. XVIII. 36.

style of, xiv. 337; his place in Roman MARTYR, Peter, Italian Reformer, xxiv. MARSHAL, title, xv. 574.

literature, XX. 725.

166. Earl, of England, xv. 574; XXI. ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE SCOTS MARTYROLOGY, catalogue of martyrs, 36; XXII. 459.

NATION, by Abercromby, 1. 37. XV. 587; Syriac, XXII. 828. OF THE ADMIRALTY, I. 162.

LAW, VI. 517; XVI. 295.

MARTYRS, Era of, v. 716. MARSHALL, John, American chief- MARTIANUS CAPELLA, his encyclo- MARUDU, river, North Borneo, XXI. justice, XV. 574; 1. 721; XXII. 578. pædia, VIII. 191.

123. -Mount, Virginia, U.S.A., XXIII. 794. MARTIGUES, town, France, xv. 580. MARULLUS, Michael Tarchaniota, MARSHALLING ARMS, in heraldry, XI. MARTIN, bird, xv. 581.

Florentine scholar, xv. 588. 705.

St, bishop of Tours, xv. 581; Xvi. MARUM, or Marwm, Martin van, Dutch MARSHALL ISLANDS, Pacific Ocean, 702; XXIII. 491; Life of, by Sulpicius scientist, xv. 588. XVI. 256; XVIII. 128.

Severus, XXI. 702.

MARUTHA of Maiperkat, Syriac writer, MARSHALLTOWN, town, Iowa, U.S.A., I., pope, xv. 582; XIX. 494; XX. XXII. 828. XV. 574. 783.

of Taghrith, Syriac writer, xxII. MARSH FEVER, XV. 316.

II.-III. (Marinus I.-II.), popes,

838. MARSH-GAS, XVI. 194; XVIII. 237. xv. 546.

MARUTSE-MABUNDA, kingdom, South MAR SHIMUN, patriarch of Kurdish IV., pope, xv. 582; XX. 798.

Africa, xv. 588. Nestorians, XVII. 357.

V., pope, xv. 582; XIX. 502; XX. MARUZAYA-ISHO, Syriac writer, xxII. MARSH LAND, Reclaiming of, 1. 405. 805.

847. MARSH MALLOW, plant, XV. 335.

king of Aragon, XXII. 323. MARVELL, Andrew, English poet, xv. MARSHMAN, Joshua, English missionary David, Scottish painter, XX. 218. 588. and Orientalist, XV. 574.

Henri, French historian, ix. 680. MARWAR, or Jodhpur, state, India, XIII. MARSH OTTER, carnivorous mammal, John, English painter, xv. 582.

703; XX, 260. of Mainz, heretic, XVII. 486. MARX, Karl, German economist and

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XVI. 474.

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