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LEAD, White, XIX. 86.

LEBEDYAN, town, Russia, xiv. 396; LEEAMBYE, river, Central Africa, xxiv. LEAD-Colic, disease, XVIII. 407.

XXIII. 41.

765. LEADENHALL MARKET, London, xiv. LEBEN JESU, Strauss's, XXII. 591. LEECH, annelid, xiv. 400; 11. 69; touch 829.

LEBERBERG, or Jura, mountain range, organs in, XXIII. 478.
LEADHILLITE, mineral, xvi. 399.
France, XIII. 782.

John, English caricaturist, xiv. LEAD, KINDLY LIGHT, Cardinal New LEBES, in ancient pottery, XIX. 614. 405; V. 105. man's hymn, XII. 595.

LEBRETON, André François, printer of LEECHDOMS, Anglo-Saxon, mediæval LEAD PALsy, disease, xvIII. 257.

the French Encyclopédie, VIII. 197. chronicle, xv. 806. LEAD PENCILS, XVIII. 490; XIX. 231. LEBRIJA, or Lebrixa, town, Spain, XIV. LEEDS, town, England, XIV. 406; LEAD-SPAR, mineral, xvi. 398.

396; XXI. 708.

libraries of, XIV. 521, 543; news. LEADVILLE, town, Colorado, U.S.A., LEBRON, French missionary in Para

papers, XVII. 421; representation, XIV. 379; XVI. 470; XXIII. 815. guay, XVIII. 245.

xxiv. 748; Yorkshire College at, LEAF BUDS, in plants, iv. 96.

LE BRUN, Charles, French painter, XXIII. 854. LEAGUE, measure of distance, xxiv. 485. XIV. 396.

CASTLE, Kent, England, xiv. 40. - the Catholic, of France, ix. 562; LEBRUN, Charles François,

François, third LEEK, vegetable, xiv. 409; XII. 284. XVIII. 745; the Holy, against the Turks consul, France, ix. 613; XVII. 203.

town, England, XIV. 409. (1571), XIII. 717; XIX. 154; XXIII. LE CATEAU, town, France, v. 219. LEELITE, mineral, XVI. 419. 644; the Swabian, XXII. 789; xxiv. LECCE, town, Italy, XIV. 396.

LEEM, Knud, Norse missionary and 702; Swiss leagues, XXII. 781, 783. LECCO, town, Italy, XIV. 397.

philologist, XVII. 590. LEAK, in a vessel, xxi. 601.

Lake of, vi. 220.

LEER, town, Germany, xiv. 410. LEAKE, William Martin, English anti- LECHER, E., on radiation, xx. 217. LEE'S OBSERVATORY, Hartwell, Eng

quarian topographer, XIV. 379. LECHLADE, town, England, xxIII. 220. land, xvII. 711. LEAMINGTON, town, England, xiv. 380. LECHMERE, Sir Edmund, restorer of LEEUWARDEN, town, Holland, XIV.410. LEANDER, of Greek legend, XI. 754. St John's Hospice, XXI. 175.

LEEUWENHOEK, Anthony van, Dutch (J. H. van Ess), German theologian, LECHS, or Lekhs, ancient people, Poland, microscopist, xiv. 410; his contribuVIII. 549. XIX. 285.

tions to microscopical anatomy, xxiv. LEANE, Lough, Killarney, Ireland, xiv. LECITHIN, fatty substance in nerves, 815; on crystals, VI. 672; his use of 76. XIX. 24.

the microscope, I. 812; his discovery LEAOU-TUNG, province, Manchuria, xv. LE CLERC, Jean, Swiss theologian and of Rotifera, XXI. 4. 466.

writer, XIV. 397.

LEEWARD ISLANDS, West Indies, XXIV. LEAOU-YANG, town, Manchuria, xiv. LE CONTE, Joseph, on the stereoscope, 510; III. 749. 504; XV. 466.

XXII. 539.

LEEWAY, in navigation, XVII. 264. LEAPING, in ancient games, x. 64; in LECOUVREUR, Adrienne, French actress, LEFÈVRE, Anne (Madame Dacier), modern gymnastics, XI. 350. XXI. 346.

French scholar, Vi. 759. LEAP YEAR, of the calendar, Iv. 666. LECTION, LECTIONARIUM, LECTION (Faber), Jacobus, theologian, viii. LEAR, Edward, illustrator of birds, ARY, XIV. 397; XVI. 508.

835. XVIII. 12.

LECTISTERNIA, Roman religious feast, (Faber), Johann, Malleus HæretiLEASE, in law, xiv, 273; agricultural,

XXI. 133.

corum, VIII. 835. I. 294, 407, 411.

LECTORS, minor order of Roman Catho Raoul, French romancist, XX. LEASEHOLD, in England, xiv. 264. lic Church, XIV. 397; XVII. 820.

640. LEASING-MAKING, in Scots law, XXIII. LECTURES, Copyright in, VI. 360. LEFKOSIA, town, Cyprus, VI. 748; XVII. 529.

LECYTHUS, in ancient pottery, xix. 614. 491. LEASOWE CASTLE, Cheshire, England, LECZINSKI, or Leszeynski, Stanislas, LEFORT, French astronomer, xiv. 776; XXIV. 328.

prince of Lorraine and king of Poland, XXIII. Io. LEATHER, XIV. 380; stamped, for wall IX. 585; XVII. 171; XIX. 297; XXII. 450. LEFUKA, island, South Pacific, 1x. 779. decoration, XVII. 37. LEDA, in Greek legend, v. 199.

LEG, of birds, III. 720; of mammals, xv. Artificial, xiv. 391.

LEDERMÜLLER, Martin F., German 360. LEAVEN, ferment in dough, III. 254. zoologist, xxiv. 806.

LEGACY DUTIES, IX. 186; XXII. 616. LEAVENWORTH, town, Kansas, U.S.A., LEDGER, in book-keeping, IV. 46. LEGAL FICTIONS, IX. 140. XIV. 391.

LEDRU-ROLLIN, Alexandre Auguste, LEGARÉ, H. Swinton, American critic, LEAVES, of plants, iv. 108.

French politician, XIV. 398.
LEBANON, mountains, Syria, XIV. 392. LEDYARD, John, American traveller, LEGATE, Papal, xiv. 412.
province, Asiatic Turkey, XXII.
XIV. 399.

LEGAZPI, Miguel Lopez de, Spanish 821; XXIII. 653. LEE, river, Ireland, vi. 403.

navigator, xvIII. 753. - town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., xiv. Ann, foundress of Shaker sect, LEGENDA, church service book, XIV. 710. 395.

XXI. 736.

LEGENDRE, Adrien Marie, French Cedar of, tree, V. 285.

Charles, American general, xxIII. mathematician, Xiv. 413; on the calSPRINGS, New York, U.S.A., XVI. 741, 742.

culus, XIII. 62; his mathematical 436.

- Nathaniel, English dramatist, xiv. tables, XXIII. 14. LEBAR GABHALA, Irish legends, XIII. 399; VII. 435.

LEGENDS, in folklore, ix. 358; their 243.

Richard Henry, American states place in ethnology, VIII. 623; Irish, LEBBIN, town, Prussia, xxiv. 633. man, XIV. 399; XXIII. 743.

XIII. 243. LEBDA (ancient Leptis), town, Tripoli, Robert, Scottish divine, xxi. 539. OF SAINTS, Barbour's poem, III. Africa, XIV. 470.

Robert Edward, American Confed 365. LE BEAU, Charles, French historian, erate general, xiv. 399; XXIII. 777,780. LÉGER, Jean, Waldensian pastor, XXIV. XIV. 395.

William, inventor of the stocking 32 LEBEDIN, town, Russia, XIV. 396.

frame, XII. 299.

LEGER BURNER, for lamp, xiv. 245.

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LEGERDEMAIN, sleight of hand, xiv. LEINSTER, early Irish kingdom, XIII. | LEMPA, river, San Salvador, Central 414; XV. 207. 245.

America, XXI. 268. LEGHORN, town, Italy, XIV. 416; under province, Ireland, XII. 215. LEMUR, LEMURS, group of mammals,

the Medici, xv. 791; hat trade of, Book of, Irish MS., V. 307, 326. XIV. 440; XV. 444. XXII. 593.

LEIPSIC, or Leipzig, town, Germany, Flying, insectivorous mammal, xv. LEGION, division of Roman army, II. XIV. 429; XXI. 358; book trade at, iv. 401. 562; XX. 735.

40; conservatorium of music at, VI. LEMURALIA, in Roman festival, XIV. LEGIONARIES, Roman soldiers, XIX. 292; library, Xiv. 527, 546; news 313. 656.

papers, xvII. 428; observatory, xvii. LEMURES, in Roman legend, xiv. 313. LEGION OF HONOUR, Order of the, 713; university, XXIII. 841, 843, 849; LEMURIDÆ, family of mammals, xiv. XIV. 417; IX. 517, 615.

battle of (1813), III. 135, 444 ; IX. 440; XV. 170. LEGISLATION, xiv. 354, 359, 366; in 617; XVII. 221; disputation between LEMURINE NIGHT APE, 11. 154. relation to government, XI. 16; British Luther and Eck at, XV. 73.

LENA, river, Siberia, XXII. 5; XXIII. parliamentary, XVIII. 311; Ronan, xx. LEISLER, Jacob, insurgent leader, New

510; XXIV. 726. 697; of United States, XXIII. 749. York, XVII. 455.

LE NAIN, Antoine, Louis, and Mathieu, Science of, Filangieri's work, ix. LEITH, town, Scotland, xiv. 431; popu French painters, XVII. 166. 159.

lation, XXI. 528.

LENAU (Nicholas Strehlenau), Austrian LEGITIM, in Scots law, XII. 402.

HILL, Surrey, England, xxII. 693. poet, X. 546. LEGITIMACY, in law, III. 426.

LEITMERITZ, town, Bohemia, XIV. 432. LENCLOS, Ninon de, Frenchwoman of LEGNAGO, town, Italy, xx. 145. LEITRIM, county, Ireland, XIV. 432; society, XIV. 445. LEGUAN, lizard, XIV. 735.

population and representation, XXIII. LENDERMENN, Norse rulers, XVII. 585, LEGUME, or Pod, form of fruit, IV. 151. 727.

589. LEGUMINOUS CROPS, Culture of, 1. 360. LEK, river, Holland, XII. 63; XX. 519. LENFANT, Jacques, French ecclesiastical LEHIGH, river, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., LEKAH TOB, Midrash, XVI. 287.

historian, XIV. 445. XVIII. 500.

LEKHS, ancient people, Poland, xix. 285. LENGTH, Mensuration of, XVI. 13; standUNIVERSITY, U.S.A., XXIII. 857. LEKI, Ca sian tribes, XIV. 474.

ards of, xxiv. 483. LEIAH, town, India, XIV. 417.

L.E.L. (Letitia Elisabeth Landon), LENKORAN, town, Transcaucasia, Russia, LEIBNITZ, Gottfried Wilhelm, German English poetess, XIV. 278.

XIV. 446. mathematician and philosopher, xiv. LELAND, John (c. 1506-1552), English LENNEP, town, Germany, xiv. 446. 417; on axioms, III. 160; on evolu antiquary, xiv. 433.

Jacob van, Dutch poet and noveltion, viII. 748, 760; on infinitesimal John (1691-1766), English theo ist, XIV. 446; XII. 98. calculus, XIII. 8; his influence on logian, XIV. 433.

LENNGREN, Anna Maria, Swedish German writers, X. 532; his logic, LELEGES, Greek race of people, XIV. 434; poetess, XXII. 756. XIV. 794; his metaphysics, XVI. 91; his

XVI. 53.

LENNOACEÆ, parasitic plants, XVIII. optimism, xvIII. 686; his influence on LELEWEL, Joachim, Polish historian, 264. Kant, XIII. 848; re ions with XIV. 434; XIX. 304.

LENNOX, Earls of, regents of Scotland, Newton, XVII. 445; his criticism of LÉLIE, George Sand's novel, vii. 509. XIII. 558; XXI. 506, 507. Pufendorf, xx. 100.

LELLI, Camillo de', founder of monastic HILLS, Scotland, XXII. 553. LEIBZOLL, German tax on Jews, XIII. order, XVI. 712, 716.

LENNOXTOWN, town, Scotland, XXII. 682.

LE LOCLE, town, Neuchâtel, Switzer 554. LEICESTER, county, England, XIV. 423; land, xiv. 764; XVII. 361.

LENNOXVILLE, Canada, University at, population and representation, XXIII. LELY, Sir Peter, English painter, xiv. XXIII. 857 727; coalfield, vi. 50; sheep, I. 391. 434.

LENO, textile fabric, X. 118. -, town, England, xiv. 424. LEMAN, Lake (Geneva, q.v.), Switzer- LENOIR GAS-ENGINE, XXII. 523. Robert Dudley, earl of, xiv. 425; land, X. 151.

LENORE, Bürger's poem, X. 540; IV. in Holland, XII. 77.

LEMANIC REPUBLIC, The, XXII. 793. 533. Simon de Montfort, earl of, xvi. LE MANS, town, France, XV. 497.

LE NORMANT D'ÉTOILES, French fin787; XI. 658; XVIII. 304.

LEMBERG, town, Austria, XIV. 435; ancier, XIX. 443. LEICESTER'S COMMONWEALTH, pam libraries of, XIV. 547; university, LENOX GLOBE, X. 680. phlet by Parsons, XIV. 426.

XXIII. 851.

LENOX LIBRARY, New York, xiv. 536. LEICESTER SHEEP, I. 391 ; improved mountain, Würtemberg, xxiv. 699. LENS, town, France, xvIII. 340; battle by Bakewell, 1. 302.

LE MERCIER, Jean, French Hebraist, of (1648), 1X. 571. LEICHARDT, Ludwig, Australian ex

XI. 601.

LENSES, in optics, xiv. 593; XVII. 802; plorer, III. 105.

LEMMING, rodent mammal, xiv. 435; XXIV. 436; convex and concave, XXIII. LEIDEN (Leyden, 4.v.), town, Holland,

XV. 419.

139; microscopic, XVI. 258; spectacles, XIV. 494. LEMNOS, island, Ægean Sea, Turkey,

XXII. 372. LEIF, or Lief, early Greenland voyager, XIV. 436; fire festival of, iv. 621. LENT, church festival, xiv. 446; ob1. 706; XI. 171. LEMON, tree and fruit, XIV. 437.

servance of, ix. 47. LEIGH, town, England, xiv. 426. LEMONADE, aerated water, I. 184. LENTICELS, structures in plants, XII. 18.

Edward, Puritan Biblical critic, LEMONNIER, Pierre Charles, French LENTIL, seed and plant, XIV. 447. XIV. 426.

astronomer, XIV. 439.

LENTINI (Leontini), ancient town, Sicily, LEIGHTON, Sir Frederick, as sculptor, LEMON PEEL, Candied, xiv. 438. XIV. 463. XXI. 561.

LEMOSI, Provençal and Catalan lan- LENTISK, tree, xv. 621. Robert, bishop of Dunblane, xiv. guage, XXII. 347, 363.

LENTIUM(Linz), Roman station, Austria, 427.

LEMOYNE DE BIENVILLE, Jean Bap XIV. 679. LEIGHTON-BUZZARD, town, England, tiste, founder of New Orleans, xvII. | LENZ, Heinrich F. E., his theory of XIV. 429. 403.

oceanic circulation, III. 22; his law of

XXV.

33

XX. 321.

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electric induction, viii. 11, 76; his LEONISTS, Reformers of 12th century, | LEPOLITE, mineral, xvi. 420. magnetic experiments, XV. 253.

LEPONTII, Rhætian people, XX. 505. LENZINITE, mineral, XVI. 424.

LEONORA, regent of Portugal, xix. LEPONTINE ALPS, I. 626. LEO I., pope, XIV. 448; XIX. 491.

543.

LEPORIDÆ, family of rodent mammals, II., pope, XIV. 448.

D'ESTE, friend of Tasso, XXIII. 76.

XV. 421. III., pope, XIV. 449; XIX. 496; XX. LEONORE, Bürger's poem, iv. 533; X. LE PRESE, spa, North Italy, XXIV. 45. 786.

540.

LEPROSY, disease, XIV. 468; XVIII. 406; IV.-VII., popes, XIV. 449.

LEONTINI, town, Sicily, XIV. 463; XXII. XXII. 122. VIII., pope, XIV. 449; XX. 789. 15, 17

LEPTINES, Demosthenes's oration against, IX., pope, XIV. 449; XIX. 498. LEONTIUS, emperor of the East, xiii. VII. 69; Wolf's commentary on it, X., pope, XIV. 450; XIII, 481; XV. 798.

XXIV. 630. 787; XX. 324; Michelangelo's works LEONTODONIUM, principle in taraxa LEPTIS (Lebda), ancient town, Tripolis, for, XVI. 233. cum, XXIII. 61.

Africa, XIV. 470. XI., pope, XIV. 452; XIX. 505. LEOPARD, carnivorous mammal, xiv. LEPTOCARDII, subclass of fishes, XII. XII., pope, XIV. 452; XIX. 508. 463; XV. 435; of India, XII, 741; of 695. I., the Great, emperor of the East, Java, XIII. 603.

LEPTOPTILUS, genus of birds, XIII. 529. XIV. 452.

Hunting, or Cheetah, V. 456. LEPTOSOMUS, genus of birds, xx. 627. II., emperor, XIV. 452.

LEOPARDI, Alessandro, Italian sculptor, LEPTOTHRIX, genus of Schizomycetes, III., the Isaurian, emperor, xiv. XXI. 568; XXIV. 176.

XXI. 399. 452; XI. 114; as iconoclast, XII. 712. Giacomo, Italian poet, xiv. 464; LEPUS, genus of rodent mammals, XI.

V., the Armenian, emperor, xiv. XIII. 515; his pessimisın, xvII. 689. 476; XX. 192. 453.

LEOPOLD I., emperor, XIV. 466; X. 502. Le Puy, town, France, xx. 118. VI., the Philosopher, emperor, XIV. II., emperor, XIV. 467.

LERBACHITE, mineral, XVI. 393. 453; III. 419.

I., duke of Anhalt-Dessau, xiv. LÉRIDA, province, Spain, XIV. 470. Johannes (Leo Africanus), Moorish 467.

town, Spain, xiv. 470; university writer, XIV. 453.

III., duke of Austria, his war with of, xxIII, 839. Leonardo, Italian musician, XVII. Switzerland, XXII. 783, 784.

LERINS, islands, France, iv. 807. 93.

I., king of the Belgians, xiv. 467; LERMA, Duke of, Spanish statesman, DIACONUS, Byzantine historian, III. 528, 530.

XVIII. 746; XXII. 330. IV. 613.

Prince, of Hohenzollern, ix. 626; LERMONTOFF, Mikhail Yurevitch, RusLEOBEN, Austria, Preliminaries of XXII. 346.

sian poet and novelist, XIV. 471; XXI. (1797), IX. 610; XVII. 198.

Karl Gustaf, Swedish poet, XXII. 96, 107. LEOBSCHÜTZ, town, Prussia, XIV. 453. 756.

LE ROMAIN, Pierre Mignard, French LEOCHARES, Greek sculptor, XIV. 453. LEOPOLDINE ACADEMY, Vienna, 1. 77. painter, XVI. 289. LEOCORIUM, sacred shrine, Athens, III. 2. LEOPOLDSTADT, part of Pesth, Hun- LEROUX, Pierre, French philosopher LEODIUM (Liége), ancient town, Belgium, gary, XVIII. 691.

and politician, XIV. 471. XIV. 568.

suburb of Vienna, XXIV. 219. LE Roy, Julien David, on the monuLEOMINSTER, town, England, xiv. 454. LEOPOLDVILLE, town, on Congo river, ments of Athens, ll. 444. LEON, Kingdom of, Spain, XXII. 311. Africa, XXIV. 765.

LE ROY'S ELECTRICAL MACHINE, VIII. province, Spain, xiv. 454; XXII. LEOPOLIS (Lemberg), ancient town, IOI. 298; dialect of, xxII. 351.

Austria, XIV. 435.

LERWICK, town, Shetland, Scotland, town, Spain, XIV. 454.

LE PALAIS, town, France, xvI. 813. XVII. 848. town, Mexico, XIV. 455.

LEPANTO, town, Greece, XIV. 467; LE SAGE, Alain René, French novelist town, Nicaragua, Xiv. 455; XVII. battle of (1571), V. 348; XI, 121; XIII.

and dramatist, XIV. 472; IX. 666. 477.

717; XXIII. 644; XXIV. 145.

LE SAGE, Georges Louis, on the cause Luis Ponce de, or Fray Luis de, Gulf of, Greece, XI. 82.

of gravitation, III. 46. Spanish poet and religious writer, LEPCHAS, Nepalese race, XVI. 341. LES ANDELYS, town, France, II. 13. XIV. 455; XXII. 357, 360.

L’ÉPÉE, Abbé de, on teaching deaf- LESBIA, of Catullus, V. 248. Moses de, writer of Book of Zohar, mutes, VII. 7.

LESBIO-ÆOLIC DIALECT, of Greek, XI. XIII. 814. LEPEL, town, Russia, XXIV. 262.

132. LEONARDO of Pisa, Italian mathe- | LEPER-HOUSES, XIV. 469.

LESBOS, island, Ægean Sea, Asia Minor, matician, XIX. 124 ; XVII. 626; LEPERS, Order for the Succour of, xiv. XIV. 474; coins of, xvII. 646. introducer of algebra into Europe, I. 374.

LESGHIANS, or Lesghis, Caucasian tribes, 512.

LEPIDOLITE, mineral, xiv. 697; XVI. XIV. 474; V. 258. DA VINCI, Italian artist and man 413.

LESHKOFF, Russian historian, XXI. 108, of science and letters, XIV. 455; XIII. LEPIDOMELANE, mineral, xvi. 413. LESLEY, or Leslie, Charles, Irish non508; XXI. 437, 569.

LEPIDOPTERA, order of insects, IV, 592; juror, XIV. 476. LEONHARDITE, mineral, xvi. 422. XIII. 150; mimicry in, xvi. 343. -John, bishop of Ross, Scottish hisLEONIDAION, building at Olympia, | LEPIDOSIREN, genus of fishes, xiv. torian and statesman, XIV. 475; XXI. Greece, XVII. 768. 468.

542. LEONIDAS, king of Sparta, XIV. 462. LEPIDOSTOIDEI, suborder of fishes, XII. LESLIE, Alexander, earl of Leven, Scotof Alexandria, Greek poet, xiv. 687.

tish general, XIV. 485; XXI. 512. 462.

LEPIDUS, M. Æmilius, Roman trium Charles, Irish non-juror, XIV. 476. of Tarentum, Greek poet, XIV. vir, xiv. 468; XX. 768.

Charles Robert, English painter, 462.

M. Æmilius, Roman consuls, xiv, XIV. 476. LEONIDES, Roman surgeon, XXII. 675. 468; XIX. 451.

David, Lord Newark, Scottish LEONIDS, November meteors, XVI. 110. LEPILEMUR, genus of lemurs, XIV. 442. general, xvii. 371; XXI. 514.

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263.

XII. 35.

LESLIE, Sir John, Scottish scientist, xiv. | LETTS, tribes, Lithuania, XIV. 701, 724; | LEVENTINA, valley, Switzerland, XXII. 476; on radiation of heat, xx. 213; XXII. 148.

785; XXIII. 351. his explanation of capillary action, v. LETTSOMITE, mineral, XVI. 402. LÉVÊQUE, Charles, on the beautiful, 1. 57. LETTUCE, garden vegetable, XII. 284.

213, 220. Thomas Edward Cliffe, political LEUCADIA, one of the Ionian Islands, LEVER, Charles, Irish novelist, Xiv. economist, XIV. 477; XIX. 397. Greece, XIV. 205; XXI. 297.

485. L'ESPAGNOLS-SUR-MER, Battle of LEUCATE, lagoon, France, XX. 128.

BALANCE, III. 262. (1350), xvII. 280.

LEUCHTENBERGITE, mineral, XVI. 414. ESCAPEMENT, of watch, xxiv. L’ESPINASSE, Claire Françoise de, friend LEUCIPPE AND CLEITOPHON, Greek 396. of D'Alembert, vi. 775; IX. 668.

romance, XX. 636.

LEVERRIER,

Urbain Jean Joseph, LES ROCHERS, Madame de Sévigné's LEUCIPPUS, Greek philosopher, Xiv. French astronomer, XIV. 486; his country seat, France, XXI. 705; XXIV. 484.

share in the discovery of the planet LEUCISCUS, genus of fishes, xx. 582; Nepture, 11. 813; on the solar parallax, LES ROUSSES, fort, France, XIII. 782. XXI. 49; XXIV. 552.

XVIII. 246. LESSEPS, Ferdinand, promoter of Syez LEUCITE, mineral, x. 228; XVI. 412. LEVI, of Scripture, son of Jacob, xiv. Canal, iv. 790.

LEUCKART, Karl G. F. Rudolf, on 487; tribe of, xill. 400. LESSING, Gotthold Ephraim, German classification of parasites, xvIII. 261; LEVIATHAN, Hobbes's work, vill. 422;

philosopher, XIV. 478; X. 536; on the on the tapeworm, XXIII. 50; his theory of art, 1. 219; his influence on zoological classification, xxiv. 809. LEVIN, Rahel Antonie, wife of Varnthe German drama, VII. 441; his LEUCOCYTHÆMIA, disease, xvIII. 376. hagen von Ense, XXIV. 91.

fables, viII. 839; as satirist, XXI. 320. LEUCOCYTOSIS, disease, XVIII. 376. LEVIS, town, Canada, XIV. 487; XX. LESSON, René Primevère, on birds, LEUCODERMA, skin disease, XXII. 122. 167. XVIII. 13.

LEUCONARIA, tribe of sponges, XXII. LEVITES, of Scripture, XIV. 487; XIII. LESSONIA, genus of Algæ, 1. 509.

422.

418; XIX. 728. L'ESTRANGE, Louis Henri, abbot of LEUCOPATHIA, or Albinism, skin affec- LEVITICAL CITIES, of Israel, xiv. 489. La Trappe, XXIII. 524.

tion, I. 455.

LEVITICUS, Book of, XVIII. 505. —Sir Roger, English pamphleteer, LEUCOPHANE, mineral, XVI. 418. LEVULOSE, or Lævulose, in chemistry, XIV. 482; XVIII. 205; surveyor of the LEUCOPYRITE, mineral, xvi. 390.

IX. 96; XII. 136; XXII. 624.. English press, XVII. 414.

LEUCOSTICTE, genus of birds, xiv. LÉVY, Armand, on crystallographic LE SUEUR, Eustache, French painter, 675.

symbols, Vi. 675. XXII. 619.

LEUCTRA, Greece, Battle of (371), VIII. LEVYNE, mineral, XVI. 422. LESUEUR, Jean François, French

456; XI. 103.

LEW-CHEW ISLANDS, North Pacific musical composer, XIV. 483.

LEUK, village, Switzerland, xiv. 484; Ocean, XIV. 489; XIII. 570. LESZCZYNSKI, or Leczynski, Stanislaw, mineral water of, XVI. 433, 435.

LEWES, town, England, xiv. 490; XXII. king of Poland, ix. 585; xvii. 171; | LEUKÆMIA, disease, xvIII. 376.

725. XIX. 297; XXII. 450.

LEUKOPHIBIA (Whithorn), Roman sta George Henry, English writer, LE TAI-PIH, Chinese poet, v. 666.

tion, Scotland, xvIII. 411; XXIV. 563. XIV. 491; on evolution, VIII. 765. LE TELLIER, Michel, French minister LEUPICHIS, ancestor of Paulus Diaconus, LEWIN, Harriet, wife of George Grote, under Louis XIV., IX. 574. XVIII. 436.

XI. 213, 216. LETHE, in Greek mythology, XIV. LEUPOLD, Jacob, inventor of non-con LEWIS, kings of France. See Louis. 483. densing steam-engine, XXII. 476.

or The Lews, part of island, LETHENDY CASE, in Church of Scotland, | LEUTHAR, leader of the Alemanni, XVII. Hebrides, Scotland, XIV. 492; XX. 854. V. 377. 233.

Sir George Cornewall, English LETHINGTON, Lord, Scottish lawyer LEUTHEN, Prussian Silesia, Battle of writer and statesman, XIV. 492. and poet, xv. 308. (1757), III. 128.

Matthew Gregory, English writer, LETITCHEFF, town, Russia, XIX. 254. LEUTHOLF, or Ludolf, Hiob, German

XIV. 493. LETO, in Greek mythology (the Roman Orientalist, XV. 59.

Meriwether, American explorer, Latona), 11. 185; XIV. 345. LEUTSCHAU, town, Hungary, xiv. 485.

XIV. 494. Pomponio, Roman scholar, xx. LEUWARDEN, or Leeuwarden, town, William, English chess-player, v. 806. Holland, xiv. 410.

601. LETRONNE, Jean Antoine, French LEUWENHOEK, or Leeuwenhoek (q.v.), LEWISTON, town, Maine, U.S.A., XIV. archæologist, XIV. 483. Anthony van, Dutch microscopist,

494. LETTER-COPYING PRESS, XXIV. 414. XIV. 410.

LEX, in Roman law, xx. 670. LETTERKENNY, town, Ireland, vii. 362. LEVADIAS, diseade, in Cape Verd Islands, LEXELL'S COMET, 11. 814. LETTERS, Conveyance of, xix. 562;

V. 51.

LEXIAS, variety of Spanish raisins, xx. copyright in, VI. 360.

LE VAILLANT, François, on birds, XVIII. 258. OF JUNIUS, XIII. 775. 8, 11.

LEXICON, LEXICOGRAPHY, VII. 180. TO His Son, Chesterfield's, V. LEVANT, countries bordering on Eastern TECHNICUM, Harris's, XI. 493. 607.

Mediterranean, II. 703.

LEXINGTON, town, Kentucky, U.S.A., LETTISH LANGUAGE, Dictionaries of, COMPANY, XXI. 827.

XIV. 494; battle of (1775), XXIII. VII. 188.

SPONGE, XXII. 423.

740. LETTRES CACHET, XIV. 484; LEVEES, of Mississippi river, xvi. 520. town, Missouri, U.S.A., XIV. 494. Mirabeau's, XVI. 493.

LEVELLING, in surveying, XXII. 707; town, Virginia, U.S.A., XIV. 494. LETTRES MONTAGNE, by instrument for, XXII. 720.

LEXIPHANES, Lucian's dialogue, xv. 43. Rousseau, XXI. 16. LEVELS, in mining, xvi. 448.

LEXOVII, tribe, ancient Gaul, xiv. 693. PERSANES, Montesquieu's, LEVEN, Earl of (Alexander Leslie), Scot LEX REX, Rutherfurd's work, xxi. 112. XVI. 782.

tish general, xiv. 485.

LEYDEN, town, Holland, xiv. 494; in

DE

DE

LA

XVIII. 21.

IX. 373.

318.

time of Scaliger, xxi. 364; libraries, | LIBERUM VETO, Polish statute, xix. | LIDDESDALE, district, Scotland, XXI. 34. XIV. 531; medical school, xv. 812; 290, 294.

LIDNER, Bengt, Swedish writer, XXII. observatory, XVII. 715; university, LIBETHENITE, mineral, XVI. 405.

757 XXIII. 850.

LIBICI, Ligurian tribe, Italy, xiv. 639. Lidy, or Lida, town, Russia, XXIV. 234. LEYDEN, John, Scottish poet, XIV. 495. LIBOURNE, town, France, xiv. 509. Lie, Sophistical problem of the, XVIII.

JAR, electrical apparatus, viII. 5, 6, LIBRA, ancient Roman coin, XVII. 655. 742. 7, 34; explained by Allamand, 1. 579. Roman weight, xxiv. 488.

Jonas, Norwegian novelist, xvII. LEYLAND, John, English antiquary, LIBRARIAN, Office and duties of, xiv. 592. XIV. 433.

536, 540.

LIEBENERITE, mineral, XVI. 425. LEYTE, island, Philippines, XVIII. 752. LIBRARIES, Xiv. 509 (with lists, 542); LIEBENSTEIN, spa, Germany, XVI. 434. LHASA, town, Tibet, XIV. 496; popula classification of books in, III. 661; LIEBER, Francis, American publicist, tion, XXIII. 344.

garrison, of British army, II. 586. XIV. 564. L'HERMINIER, Félix Louis, on birds, LIBRARY MANAGEMENT, XIV. 536.

LIEBERKÜHN, Glands or crypts of, in LIBRATION, Lunar, 11. 800.

anatomy, VII. 227; XVII. 669. LHERZOLITE, mineral, xvi. 416. LIBRI, on artistic bookbinding, IV. 41. LIEBERKÜHNIA, genus of Foraminifera, LHOBRA, district, Tibet, XXIII. 341. LIBURNIANS, ancient people, on Adriatic L'HÔPITAL, or L'Hospital, Michel de, coasts, XIV. 551.

LIEPIG, Justus, German chemist, XIV. chancellor of France, Xiv. 503; IX. LIBYA, ancient territory, North Africa, 565; his condenser, vil. 261; his ex560. XIV. 551.

tract of meat, XIX. 707; XXIV, 15; on LHOTA, Bohemia, Synod of (1467), xvi. LIBYAN DESERT, North Africa, XXI. fermentation, ix. 94; on fossil manures, 81.

150; XXIII. 575; oases of, xvii. 695. I. 348. LHOYUL, district, Tibet, XXIII. 340. LIBYAN LANGUAGE, XVIII. 778.

LIEBIGITE, mineral, xvI. 399. LHUYD, Edward, on Celtic philology, v. LICATA, or Alicata, seaport, Sicily, 1. LIECHTENSTEIN, principality, Germany, 299. 574; XXII. 31.

XIV. 568. LI, Chinese books of rites and cere- Lice, human parasites, xv. 24; XXII. LIEF, or Leif, early Greenland voyager, monies, VI. 263. 123.

I. 706; XI. 171. LIABILITY, Limited and Unlimited, vi. LICENSING ACT (1872), on adulterations, LIÉGE, town, Belgium, xiv. 568; de222; in partnership, xvIII. 330. 1. 167.

struction of, by Burgundians, V. 424; LIA Fail, coronation stone, Scotland, LICENSING LAWS, XIV. 688; XXIII. 159; sculptures in cathedral, XXI. 564; XXI. 51:

in relation to Sabbath observance, library, XIV. 531; university, III. 519; LIAKHOFF, Russian Arctic explorer, xix. XXII. 656.

XXIII. 850. LICHE (Latakia), town, Syria, XIV. 323. LIEGNITZ, town, Prussia, XIV. 569; LIARD, Canadian tree, XIX. 512. LICHEN, XIV. 552. See Lichens.

XXII. 53; battle of (1241), XXII. 52. LIAS, geological system, X. 354.

skin disease, XXII. 122.

LIEMBA, lake, Africa, I. 248. LIAU-YANG, town, China, XIV. 504. LICHENES, or Lichens (q.v.), suborder of LIEN, in law, XIV. 569. LIBANIUS, Greek sophist, XIV. 504. Fungi, IX. 834.

LIERRE, or Lier, town, Belgium, xiv. LIBANUS, Libanos, or Lebanon, moun- LICHENINE, gelatin in lichens, xiv. 558. 570; normal school at, III. 520. tains, Syria, xiv. 392; XXII. 821; LICHENS, group of plants, xiv. 552; | LIESTHAL, town, Switzerland, in. 409; XXIII. 654.

XXIV. 128; vegetative organs of, iv. XXII. 778. LIBATIONS, Religious, XXI. 133.

107; parasitic forms, xvIII. 266; re- LIEUTAUD, Joseph, anatomist, 1. 814. LIBAU, town, Russia, xiv. 504.

production in, iv. 162; XX. 423; her. LIEUTENANT, Naval, his duties, XVII. LIBAVIUS, Andreas, on chemistry, V. 460. barium for, XI. 718.

293. LIBEL, in law, XIV. 505.

LICHFIELD, town, England, xiv. 563. LIEVIN, town, France, xvIII. 340. LIBELLULIDÆ, family of insects, VII. LICH-GATE, in architecture, II. 467. LIEVRITE, mineral, XVI. 410. 386.

LICHTENBERG, principality, Germany, Life, its distinctive properties, III. 679; LIBER, Roman deity, Xiv. 507.

XIV. 563.

protoplasmic, XIX. 828; of man, i. LIBERA, Roman deity, XIV. 507.

Georg Christoph, German physicist 843; human, legal divisions of, 1. 279; LIBER ALBUS, of Edward I., I. 167. and satirist, XIV. 563; his dust figures, human, expectation of, xiv. 859; of LIBERALIA, Roman festival, xiv. 508. in electricity, VIII. 66.

animals, xix. 10; distribution of, vii. LIBERALISM, in relation to the Renais- LICHTENSTEIN, Ulrich von, early Ger 267; X. 212; duration of, xiv. 857; sance, XX. 394. man writer, X. 525.

theories of, xvIII. 843; evolution of the LIBERAL PARTY, English political party, LICHTERFELDE, Prussia, Electric tram sum of, viii. 747; geological action of, XXIV. 540. way at, XXIII. 495.

X. 289; vegetable, distribution of, vii. LIBER DE WINTONIA, or Domesday LICINIAN LAW, Roman, XX. 738.

286; X. 212; attributed to fire, IX. 231; Book, vil. 349.

LICINIO, Giovanni Antonio, Italian pleasures and pains of, in philosophy, LIBERIA, republic, West Africa, XIV.508; painter, XIX. 519.

XVIII. 690. 1. 269.

LICINIUS, Roman emperor, XIV. 564; VI. ANNUITIES, II. 72. LIBERIAN GROUP, of Negroes, XVII. 319. 299.

ASSURANCE, XIII. 168; post-office, LIBERIUS, pope, XIV. 509; XIX. 490.

MACER, Roman annalist, xiv. 729. XIX. 574; tontine system, XXIII. 444. LIBER REGALIS, English book, Vl. 430. LICK OBSERVATORY, Mount Hamilton, LIFEBELT, Xiv. 571. LIBER STUDIORUM, Turner's work, California, U.S.A., XVII. 715; telescope | LIFEBOAT, XIV. 570; XXI. 803; conXXIII. 664. in, xxIII. 151.

struction of, xxi. 825. LIBERTAD, town, Nicaragua, Central LicZcOWICE, town, Russian Poland, xv. LIFE INSURANCE, XIII. 168. America, XVII. 477, 479.

30.

LIFE-PRESERVING DRESS, for diving, LIBERTY, Natural, doctrine of the physio- | LIDA, town, Russia, xxiv. 234.

VII. 297 crats, XIX. 360.

LIDDELL, Duncan, Scottish writer on LIFE-SAVING APPARATUS, on water, OF THE PRESS, XIX. 710. medicine, XXI. 543.

XIV. 570.

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