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John the Baptist, XIII. 709; his ministry, | JOHN V., of Portugal, XIII. 715; xix. JOHN BAR CURSUS, Syriac writer, XXII. XIII. 662. 549.

833 St, of Nepomuk, patron saint of VI., of Portugal, XIII. 715; XIX. - BAR ZOBI, Syriac writer, XXII. Bohemia, XIII. 718.

552; his regency in Brazil, iv. 231. 852. I., pope, XIII. 709.

king of Saxony, XIII. 715; XXI. BULL, History of, by Arbuthnot, II.-V., popes, XIII. 710. VI., pope, XIII. 710; XX. 783.

III., king of Sweden, XXII. 748. DE BRIENNE, king of Jerusalem, VII., pope, XIII. 710.

Don, of Austria, XIII. 716; XVIII. XXIII, 162. VIII., pope, XIII. 710; XVIII. 820; 745; XXII. 329, 332; his mother, xx. DE CELLA, abbot of St Albans, XIX. 497

291; his intrigue to marry Mary, England, xx. 620. IX., pope, XIII. 710. queen of Scots, xvIII. 525.

Dory, fish, VII. 374. X.-XI., popes, XIII. 710; XX.

the Eunuch, Byzantine officer, XVI. FREDERICK, the Magnanimous, 787. 226.

elector of Saxony, XXI. 353. XII., pope, XIII. 711; XIX. 497; Friar (Joannes de Plano Carpini), GEORGE, elector of Brandenburg, XX. 788.

his mission to China, V. 132, 628. XIII., pope, XIII. 711; XX. 789.

Prester, of mediæval writers, xix. GEORGE I., elector of Saxony, XXI. XIV., pope, XIII. 711. 714; 1. 65; XVI. 745.

354. XV., pope, XIII. 711; XX. 789.

of Antioch, at the council of SABHA, Syriac writer, XXII. 835. XVI.-XVIII., popes, XIII. 711. Ephesus (431), XVII. 356.

SIGISMUND, elector of BrandenXIX., pope, XIII. 711; XX. 790.

of Asia, Syriac writer, XXII. 835. burg, XX. 5. XXI., pope, XIII. 711; XIX. 556. of Beth Garmai, Syriac writer, SWERKERSON, Swedish king, XXII. XXII., pope, XIII. 712; XIX. 501; XXII. 843

745. XX. 799; his contest with the Francis of Damascus(Joannes Damascenus), JOHNNY LUDLow, tales by Mrs Henry cans, XVII. 717.

Byzantine theologian, VI. 789; XI. 147. Wood, xxiv. 644. XXIII., pope, XIII. 712; XIX. 502; of Dara, Syriac writer, XXII. 846. JOHNSHAVEN, village, Scotland, XIV. xx. 804.

of uay, Italian sculptor, XXI. 79. I. (Juan), king of Aragon, XIII. 715; 569.

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY XXII. 323

of Dunstable, English musician, HOSPITAL, Baltimore, U.S.A., xv. II., of Aragon, XIII. 716; XXII. XVII. 82.

604; XXIII. 857. 324.

of Ephesus, Syriac writer, XXII. | JOHNSON, Andrew, president of the (of Luxemburg), king of Bohemia, 835.

United States, XIII. 719 ; XXIII. III. 860; in Italy, XIII. 477.

of Florence (Giovanni de Marig 781. I., duke of Brabant, XII. 90.

nolli), Italian missionary, xv. 543; V. (Janssen), Cornelius, Dutch painter, elector of Brandenburg, XX. 4. 628.

XIII. 567. I., king of Castile and Leon, XIII. of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, viii. Esther, Dean Swift's Stella, XXII. 716; XXII. 321.

319, 327, 328; XIV. 255; XX. 541; 763 II., of Castile and Leon, XIII. 716; XXII. 320; his patronage of Wycliffe, Francis, English Independent, XII. XXII. 321. XXIV. 709.

724. king of England, xill. 713; VIII. of Giscala, Jewish party leader, Robert, English musician, XVII. 306; IX. 541; his proceedings in XIII. 427, 428.

87. Ireland, XIII. 259; his contest with the of Harran, Syriac writer, XXII. 851. Samuel, English essayist and pope, XIV. 286.

of Leyden (Bockhold), Dutch Ana lexicographer, XIII. 719; his interI., king of France, XIII. 714. baptist, 1. 787.

course with Boswell, his biographer, II., of France, XIII. 714; IX. 546.

of Maron, founder of the Maron IV. 77; his relations with Burke, iv. I., Greek emperor, XIII. 712.

ites, xv. 562; as Syriac writer, XXII. 542; his dispute with Lord ChesterII.-V., Greek emperors, 848.

field, v. 607; on epitaphs, viii. 495; 713.

of Montecorvino, archbishop of

on newspapers, XVII. 416; his influence Greek emperor,

XIII. 713;
Peking, v. 628; XVI. 742.

on English literature, VIII. 428; XVIII. 166.

of Mosul, Syriac writer, XXII. 855. Boswell's ana of, 1. 786. VII., Greek emperor, XIII. 713; of Nisibis, Syriac writer, XXII. 836. JOHNSTON, Albert Sidney, American XVIII. 165.

of Procida, Sicilian liberator, v. general, xIII. 730; XXIII. 776. (of Avennes), count of Holland, XII. 423.

Alexander Keith, Scottish geo72.

of Ravenna, his contest with Pope grapher, XIII. 730. - I., Albert, king of Poland, xix. Nicholas I., XVII. 483.

Cuthbert W., on goats, I. 399. 290.

of Rochelle, scholastic philosopher, John, naturalist, XX. 433; on II., Casimir, of Poland, xiii. 714; XXI. 427.

birds, XVIII. 4, 9. XIX. 294.

of Salisbury, early English writer, Joseph Eccleston, American ConIII., Sobieski, of Poland, XIII. 714; XIII. 718; XXI. 425.

federate general, XXIII. 777, 780. XIX. 295.

of the Sedras, Syriac writer, xxII. JOHNSTONE, river, Queensland, XX. (João) I., king of Portugal, XIII. 839.

172. 714; XIX. 544.

Apocalypse of, 11. 179; XVI. 315. town, Scotland, XIII. 730. II., of Portugal, xiii. 714; XIX. Epistles of, XIII. 707; relation of JOHNSTONUS, Johannes, on birds, XVIII. 545. First Epistle to the Gospel, X. 828.

4, 9. III., of Portugal, xil. 715; XIX. Gospel of, x. 818; III. 643; JOHNSTOWN, town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., 545. Bretschneider's views on, iv. 262.

XIII. 730. IV., of Portugal, xiii. 715; XIX. BAR APHTONYA, Syriac writer, JOHORE, state, Malay Peninsula, xiii. XXII. 833.

730; XV. 322.

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JOIGNY, town, France, XIII. 731; popu- JONES, William, English divine, XIII. | JOSEPHUS, Flavius, Jewish historian, lation, XXIV. 746. 740.

XIII. 751, 427; his allusions to JOINERY, in building, iv. 485.

JONGLEURS, mediæval minstrels, VII. Jesus Christ, XIII. 658; on Phænician Joint, in law, XIII. 731.

413; XIX. 873.

history, XVIII. 807; on the topography Joints, in anatomy, I. 832; diseases of, JONKÖPING, town, Sweden, XIII. 740; of Jerusalem, XXIII. 169. XXII. 685; injuries to, XXII. 682, 685. county, XXII. 741.

JOSHUA, of Scripture, XIII. 752. in building, iv. 462, 477, 479, 488. JONSON, Ben, English dramatist, XIII. Jewish high priest, XXIV. 773. in mechanics, XIII. 731. 741; VIII. 421; his relation to Beau

the Stylite, Syriac writer, XXII. in rocks, X. 297.

mont and Fletcher, III. 470; his influ 832. Joint STOCK BANKS, III. 322.

ence on English comedy, VII. 432; his Book of, XVIII. 505. JOINT STOCK COMPANIES, VI. 221. contention with Dekker, VII. 38; at JOSIAH, king of Judah, XIII. 753, JOINVILLE, Jean de, French historian, Hawthornden, VII. 480; the London of, 415. XIII, 733; IX. 646.

XIV. 848; as writer of masques, XXIII. JOSIKA, Miklos or Nicholas, Baron, Joists, in carpentry, IV. 482.

225; as pastoral poet, XVIII. 347; Hungarian novelist, XIII. 753; XII. JOKAI, Maurice, Hungarian novelist, on Shakespeare, XXI. 767.

379. XII. 379.

JONSSON, Bo, Swedish noble, XXII. 746. JOSSELIN, town, France, XVI. 813. JOKJOKARTA, town, Java, XIII. 606. JOPLIN, town, Missouri, U.S.A., xili. Jost, Isaak Markus, German historical JOKULL, mountains, Iceland, xii. 616. 746.

writer, XIII. 754. JOLIBA, river, Africa, I. 253 ; XVII. 496. | JOPPA, town, Palestine, XIII. 746.

VAN DYKE, island, West Indies, JOLIET, town, Illinois, U.S.A., XIII. JORDAENS, Jacob, Flemish painter, XIII. XXIV. 261. 735.

746.

JOUBERT, Joseph, French writer, ix. JOLLY'S PYROMETER, XX. 131. JORDAN, river, Palestine, XIII. 746;

672. JOLO ARCHIPELAGO, Philippine Islands,

XVIII. 171.

JOUFFROY, Théodore Simon, French XVIII. 752.

Camille, French politician, XIII. philosopher, XIII. 754. JOLOF, state, Senegambia, West Africa,

747.

JOULE, James Prescott, his experiments XXI. 663.

Mrs, mistress of duke of Clarence on heat, XI. 557; in magnetism, xv. JOMELLI, Niccold, Italian musician, XII. (William IV.), xxiv. 581.

253; on the molecules of gases, III. 39; 736; XVII. 93.

JORDANES, historian of the Goths, XIII. his law of the connexion of heat and JOMFRULAND, island, Norway, XVII. 747; X. 847.

work, VIII. 14, 56, 208; XXII. 478, 480. 576. JORDANITE, mineral, xvi. 395.

JOURDAIN, Alfonse, count of Toulouse, JOMINI, Baron, French military tactician, JORDANS, English organ builders, XVII. XIII. 755. XIII. 736. 837.

DE BLAVES, romance, XX. 652. JOMMELLI, Niccold, Italian musical JORIS, David, French Anabaptist, vi. JOURNAL, in book-keeping, 1v. 46. composer, XIII. 736; XVII. 93. 844.

DE PARIS, newspaper, XVII. 425. JON, François du (Junius), Huguenot | JORNANDES (Jordanes), historian of the DES DÉBATS, Paris newspaper, divine, XIII. 778. Goths, XIII. 747; X. 847.

XVII. 425. JONAH, Book of, XIII. 736; III. 639; | JORTIN, John, English theological writer, DES SAVANTS, French periodical, Greek allusions to Jonah's story, XVIII. XIII. 749.

XVIII. 539. 560. JORULLO, volcano, Mexico, I. 674.

DES TRÉVOUX, French journal, Rabbi, of Cordova, Jewish philo- | JOSAPHAT AND BARLAAM, Sts, Legen XVIII. 539. logist, XIII. 737

dary history of, III. 375; XX. 636. JOURNALISM, XVII. 412. JONAS, Justus, German Reformer, xII. JOSCELINE, duke of Louvain, xviii. JOURNAL TO STELLA, by Dean Swift,

522.

XXII. 763. Runolphus, Icelandic grammarian, | JOSEITE, mineral, xvi. 381.

JOURNEYMAN HANDICRAFTS, XIV. 172, XXI. 368.

JOSEPH, tribe of Israel, XIII. 749. JOURNEY TO THE HEBRIDES, by JohnJONATHAN, Targum of, xxIII. 64.

husband of the Virgin Mary, XIII. son, XIII. 727. Brother, nickname for people of 749; XV. 590; genealogy of, XIII. 660. JOURT, Kirghiz tent, XXIII. 183. United States, VI. 289; XXIII. 592.

I., emperor, XIII. 750.

JOUSTS, single combats, XXIII. 489. APPHUS (Maccabæus), Jewish high II., emperor, XIII. 750; X. 504; JOUVENET, Jean, French painter, XIII. priest, XIII. 422. his reforms in Austria, III. 129..

755. WILD, novel by Fielding, 1X. 145. king of Portugal, xix. 550. Joux, Fort de, in the Jura, France, XIII. JONES, Inigo, English architect, XIII. of Arimathea, in mediæval romance,

782. 738; II. 442.

XI. 34; XX. 644.

JOVE (Jupiter, q.v.), Roman god, XIII. Sir John, on sapping and mining, of Exeter, romancist, xx. 638.

779. IX. 456.

of Hazza, Syriac writer, xx11.838. JOVELLANOS, or Jove Llanos, Gaspar John Paul (Paul Jones), naval ad of Seleucia, Syriac writer, xxII. Melchor de, Spanish statesman and venturer, XIII. 738; XXIII. 744. 837

writer, XIII. 755; XIX. 387; XXII. Owen (1741-1814), Welsh anti ANDREWS, novel by Fielding, ix. 343, 361. quary, XIII. 739; as patron of Welsh

145.

-Salvador, president of Paraguay, literature, v. 314.

BONAPARTE, king of Spain, xxII.

XVIII. 245. Owen (1809-1874), English art 344.

JOVIANUS (Jovinianus), Roman monk decorator, XIII. 739; on carpet-designs, DELORME (Sainte-Beuve, q.v.), and heretic, XIII. 756; XVI. 703. V. 131. French critic, xxi. 162.

Flavius Claudius, or Jovian, Roman Richard, English economist, xix. JOSÉPHINE, wife of Napoleon I., XIII. emperor, XIII. 755; XX. 779; in Persia, 377 751; her divorce, xv11. 215.

XVIII. 609. Sir William, English Orientalist, JOSEPHSTADT, part of Pesth, Hungary, JOVINIACUM (Joigny), ancient ww.nl, XIII. 739. XVIII. 691.

France, XIII. 731.

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JOVINIANUS, Roman monk and heretic, | JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, of British | JULIÃO, Portuguese chancellor, XIX. XIII. 756; his warning against mona army, II. 587.

541. chism, XVI. 703.

JUDGES, Book of, XIII. 763; its narrative, JÜLICH, town, Prussia, XIII. 770. Jovius, Paulus, Italian historian, XIII.

XIII. 400.

JÜLICH-BERG, German duchies of, xx. 756. JUDGMENT, in law, XIII. 764.

9. JOWARI (Sorghum), Indian grain, xvi. in logic, XIV. 788; analytic, 1. 797; JULIEN, Noel (Stanislas Aignen Julien), 321.

Kant on, XIII. 854; Locke on, xiv. French Orientalist, xill. 770. JowF, or Jauf, district, Arabia, II. 239, 760.

JULIERS (Jülich), town, Prussia, XIII. 254; XXIV. 740.

JUDGMENTS OF THE SEA, XXI. 583. 770. JOYCE'S COUNTRY, district, Galway, JUDICATURE, XI. 15.

JULIOBONA (Lillebonne), ancient town, Ireland, X. 55.

ACTS, XIII. 764; of 1873, II. 209. France, XIV. 642. JUAN (John) I., king of Aragon, XIII. JUDICES DATIVI, Roman, xx. 789. JULISCO, state, Mexico, XVI. 214. 715.

JUDICES DE CLERO, Roman, XX. 785. JULIUS I., pope, XIII. 771; XIX. 490. II., of Aragon, XIII. 716. JUDICIAL COSTUME, VI. 476.

II., pope, XIII. 771, 481; XX. 323; I.-II., kings of Castile and Leon, JUDICIAL NOTICE, XVII. 597.

his patronage of Michelangelo, xvi. XIII. 716.

JUDICIAL PROCEDURE, in Roman law, 231.
Jorge, his Compendio de Nave-
XX. 707, 711.

III., pope, XIII. 772; xix. 504; his gacion, XVII. 258. JUDICIAL TRIBUNALS, VI. 516.

relation to the council of Trent, XXIII. JUANES, Vicente, Spanish painter, XIII. JUDICIARY, of United States, XXIII. 751. 547. 757

JUDITH, wife of the emperor Louis I., duke of Brunswick, X. 529. JUAN FERNANDEZ, island, South Pacific, XV, 16.

CÆSAR, Roman dictator, iv. 633. XIII. 757; V. 617; 1X. 99; humming Book of, in Apocrypha, XIII. 765; See Cæsar. birds of, ill. 745. II. 181.

CAPITOLINUS, Augustan historian, JUAREZ, Benito Pablo, president of JUDSON, Adoniram, American missionMexico, XIII. 758. ary, XIII. 766.

CÉSAR, romance, xx. 639. JUBA, river, Africa, I. 255.

JUEL, Jens, Danish painter, VII. 93. JULLUNDUR (Jalandhar), district, India, I.-II., kings of Numidia, XIII. 759; JUF, valley, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 150. XIII. 545; town, XIII. 546. XVII. 627.

JUGGERNAUT, or Jugannath, Indian god JULPIGOREE (Jalpaiguri), district and JUBAL, of Scripture, XIV. 238.

and temple, xvII. 845; II. 397; XX. town, India, XIII. 548. JUBBULPORE, district, India, XIII. 528; 115.

JULUS, genus of Myriapoda, XVII. 118. town, XIII. 529. JUGGLERY, conjuring, XIV. 414.

JULY, month, XIII. 772.
JUBE, in architecture, II. 466.
JUGLANS, genus of trees, XXIV. 333.

Revolution of (1830), France, ix.
JUBEIL (Jebeil), ancient town, Syria, JUGRA, town, Straits Settlements, Asia, 619.
XIII. 613.

XXII. 587.

JUME, plant, Patagonia, XVIII. 353. JUBILATE, Purcell's, xx. 113.

JUGURTHA, Numidian prince, XIII. 766; JUMET, town, Belgium, XIII. 772. JUBILEE, or Jubile, Year of, in Israel, XVII. 627; his contest with Rome, xx. JUMIÈGES, town, France, XIII. 772. XIII. 759.

758.

JUMILLA, town, Spain, XIII. 772. JUBILEES, Book of the, apocalyptic work, JUJUBE, tree and fruit, XIII. 767; xv. JUMMOO (Jamu), town, India, XIII. II. 176.

564. JUBILEE YEAR, in Roman Catholic JUKES, Joseph Beete, English geologist, JUMNA, river, India, XIII. 773; XVII. Church, XIII. 760. XIII. 768.

572. JUCAR, river, Spain, XXIV. 33.

FAMILY, example of atavism, VIII. JUMPER, mining implement, XVI. 444. JUDAH, tribe of Israel, XIII. 760, 400, 615.

JUMPING HARE, of South Africa, XIII. 404; kingdom of, XIII. 412; territory JULAVER, Persian usurper, xvIII. 633. 626; XV. 415, 420. of, XVIII. 175.

JULÉ, son of Jenghiz Khan, XIII. 622. JUMPING MOUSE, of Labrador, XIII. JUDAISM, religion of the Jews, XX. 361; JULEK, town, Syr-Daria, Central Asia, 626. its influence on Christianity, V. 693; XXII. 819.

JUNAGARH, state and town, India, xii. Hellenistic, xviii. 760; theism of, JULFA, suburb of Ispahan, Persia, XIII. 773. XXIII. 243; in Abyssinia, 1. 262.

394.

JUNE, month, XIII. 773. JUDAS, or Jude, St, XIII. 761.

JULIA, wife of Pompey, XIX. 451. JUNG, Joachim, German naturalist, xx. ISCARIOT, apostle, XIII. 760; DOMNA, wife of emperor Severus, 301. legend of, XIII. 674. XXI. 699.

Johann Heinrich (Heinrich StillMACCABÆUS, Jewish leader, xv. JULIAN, the Apostate, Roman emperor, ing), German mystic, XIII. 774. 130; XIII. 421.

XIII. 768; XX. 779; as Neoplatonist, | JUNGARS, or Sungars, tribe of Kalmuk MACCABÆUS, Handel's oratorio, XVII. 337; in Persia, xviii. 609; his Tartars, Iv. 710; XVI. 746. XI. 436.

works at Paris, XVIII. 287.

JUNG-BRESLAU (Inowrazlaw), town, TREE, plant, XIII. 761.

Cardinal, crusader, XXIII. 642. Prussia, XIII. 91. JUDD, Sylvester, American writer, 1. 727. ALPS, 1. 630.

JUNGERMANNIEÆ, class of Liverworts, JUDDAH (Jiddah), town, Arabia, XI11.691. CALENDAR, IV. 667, 670.

XVII. 68, 69. JUDE, St, of Scripture, XIII. 761. JULIANEHAAB, district, Greenland, xi. JUNGLACHE, town, Tibet, XXIII. 340. , Epistle of, XIII. 761; its corre 170.

JUNG-LAM, road, Tibet, XXIII. 342. spondence with 2 Peter, xvIII. 698. JULIANI, Pedro (Pope John XXI.), XIII. JUNGLE-ALMOND OIL, XVII. 744. JUDGE, JUDGES, XIII. 762; position and

711.

JUNGLE-FOWL, bird, 1x. 492. functions of, xiv. 365; XV. 216; Eng. JULIANITE, mineral, XVI. 395.

JUNGMANN, Joseph, Bohemian writer, lish, as peers; xvIII. 460, 467; pre- JULIAN PERIQD, in chronology, V. 71.

XXII. 152. tedence of, XIX. 662; prerogatives of, JULIAN's Edict, in Roman law, xx. JUNIPER, tree, XIII. 774; in U.S.A., XIX. 673. 704.

XXIII. 810.

12.

XX. 490.

XX. I2.

XIII. 790.

JUNIUS, Franciscus (1545-1602), Hugue- JUSSIEU, Antoine Laurent de, French | KABALAKI, mountain, Timor, Indian not divine, XIII. 778.

botanist, XIII. 788; his classification, Archipelago, XXIII. 397. Franciscus (1589-1677), philologist, IV. 80; XVI. 838.

KABARA, town, West Africa, XVII. 497. XIII. 778.

JUSTI, Johann H. G., German economist, KABARDANS, race of people, Caucasus, Hadrianus, on the invention of XIX. 363.

V. 257 printing, XXIII. 689.

JUSTICE, its administration in primitive KABARDINE, perfume, XVII. 107. Letters of, XIII. 775; IX. 697; XVII. communities, VIII. 624; the king the KABBALAH, Jewish theosophy, XIII. 810; 417.

fountain of, xix. 673; Plato on, XIX. JUNKERTHUM, Prussian squirearchy, 203.

KABINDA, or Cabenda, town, Loango, judicial title, XIII. 788.

Africa, iv. 618; XIV. 743. JUNNAR, town, India, XIX. 461.

OF THE PEACE, magistrate, XIII. KABIR, Hindi writer, XI. 844. JUNO, Roman goddess (the Greek Hera), 789; court of, xxII. 641.

KABIS, town, Tunis, xxIII. 620. XIII. 778; XI. 679.

JUSTICIARY, High Court of, in Scotland, KABUL, or Cabul, town and province, asteroid, 11. 807.

Afghanistan, iv. 623. JUNOT, Andoche, duke of Abrantes, JUSTIFICATION, Doctrine of, at the KABUSHAN (Kuchan), town and district, French general, XIII. 779; XIX. 551. council of Trent, XXIII. 546.

Persia, XIV. 152. Laure Permon, duchess of JUSTIN (Justin Martyr), apologist and KABYLES, North-African tribes, XIII. Abrantes, XIII. 779.

martyr, XIII. 790; his canon of Scrip 814; 1. 564; XVII. 628; XXIII. 620. JUNTA, The Holy, of Avila, Spain, XXII. ture, V. 7; on the Gospels, X. 816, 821, KACHH (Cutch), state, India, VI. 730. 328. 822; on Neoplatonism, XVII. 335.

Lake (Rann or Runn) of, iv. 22. JUPITER, Roman god (the Greek Zeus), Latin historian, XIII. 791.

KACHO (Cachao), town, Anam, iv. 624. XIII. 779.

Gnostic leader, X. 702.

KACZKOWSKI, Polish novelist, xix. 305. planet, 11. 776, 782, 808; measure I., emperor of the East, XIII. 791. KADAMAT, island, Laccadives, Indian ments of, XVI. 250 ; parallax of, II., emperor of the East, XIII. 792. Ocean, Xiv. 183. XVIII. 246; eclipses of the satellites JUSTINA, mother of Theodosius, I. 663. KADAMBA, dynasty, Mysore, India, XVII. of, x. 35; XIV. 584; as affected by JUSTINIAN I. (Flavius Anicius Justini 123. tidal friction, XXIII. 379.

anus), emperor of the East, XIII. 792; KADAPA (Cuddapah), district, India, vi. CAPITOLINUS, Temple of, at Rome, XI. 112; legislation of, vi. 105; XIII. 689. XX. 824.

792; XX. 712; Theophilus's Life of, KADESH, Hittite town, Syria, xxII. 821. PANHELLENIUS, Temple of, in XXIII. 253, 276.

KADI (Cadi), Moslem magistrate, XVI. Ægina, I. 181.

II., emperor of the East, xiii. 591; XXII. 624. STATOR, Temple of, at Rome, II. 798.

KADIN, wife of the Turkish sultan, XI. 416; XX. 821.

Aqueduct of, Turkey, 11. 221. 478. JURA, department, France, XIII. 783.

Code of, vi. 105; XX. 712.

KADIR BILLAH, caliph, XVI. 588. mountain

range,

France and Switz- | JUSTINIANUS, Laurentius, St, x. 625. KADISIYA, Persia, Battle of (637), XVI. erland, xill. 781; IX. 506.

JUTE, vegetable fibre, XIII. 798; cultiva 562; XVIII. 616. island, Scotland, XIII. 783.

tion of, III. 568; in India, XII. 749; KADLUBEK, Vincent, Polish chronicler, JURASSIC Rocks, geological system, X. factories in England, VIII. 233; manu354.

facture in India, XII. 763.

KADMEES, Parsee sect, India, XVIII. JURIEU, Pierre, French Protestant JÜTER BOGK, town, Prussia, XIII. 803. 326. theologian, XIII. 783.

JUTES, ancient Teutonic people, 11. 30; KADNIKOFF, town, Russia, XXIV. 283. JURISDICTIONS, Heritable, in Scots law, in England, viII. 268.

KADOM, town, Russia, XIII. 815.
XI. 739.
JUTIA, animal, Cuba, vi. 680.

KADUR, district, India, XIII. 815. JURISPRUDENCE, XIV. 354 ; in Roman JUTLAND, peninsula, Denmark, Vii. KAE-FUNG Foo, town, China, XIII. 823. law, xx. 698, 703; contributions to, 8o.

KAEMPFER, Engelbrecht, German traby Savigny, xxi. 326; by Thibaut, JUVENAL (Decimus Junius Juvenalis), veller, XIII. 816; on Japan, XIII. 584. XXIII. 301 ; by Zachariae, xxiv. 762; Latin poet and satirist, XIII. 804; XXI. KAFFA, district, Abyssinia, XIII. 816. Grotius's works on, XI. 220.

319; language and style of, xiv. 337; , town, Crimea, Russia, XXIII. 257. Medical, xv. 778.

his place in Roman literature, XX. KAFFRARIA, South Africa, XIII. 816. JURJANI, Fakhr-uddin Asad, Persian 725.

KAFFRES, race of people, South Africa, poet, xvIII. 657

JUXON, William, archbishop of Canter XIII. 818; 1. 263; V. 47; suicidal deluJury, Trial by, XIII. 783; XXIII. 555; bury, XIII. 809.

sion among (1857), v. 46; wars of, XIII. origin of, vill. 298; in cases of libel,

817; V. 45; languages of, xxiv. 828. XIV. 507; venue of, xxiv. 162.

KAFIRISTAN, country, Asia, X111. 820. Jus, in Roman law, xx. 670. Civile, in Roman law, xx. 678.

XIII. 810. DEVOLUTIONIS, old feudal custom, KAABA, or Kaba, sacred shrine, at Mecca, people of Kafiristan, Asia, XIII. in the Netherlands, ix. 575. XIII. 810; II. 262; xv. 672; XVI. 545,

821. GENTIUM, in Roman law, XX. 695. 559, 580; pilgrimage to, xix. 93. KAFTU, district, ancient Syria, XXII.

HONORARIUM, in Roman law, xx. KAADEN, town, Bohemia, XIII. 810. 822. 695.

KAAH, district, Sinai, Arabia, XXII. KAGERA, river, Africa, XVII. 505.
INTER GENTES, or International 88.

KAGHAA, bird, xvII. 354.
Law, XIII. 190.
KAAT, shrub, in Arabia, II. 238.

KACHYZMAN, town, Transcaucasia, NATURALE, in Roman law, xx. Kaba, or Kaaba (q.v.), sacred shrine at

XXIII. 515. 703.

Mecca, XIII. 810.

KAGU, bird, xvII. 376; XX. 223; XXII. JUSSIEU, De, family of French botanists KABAH, ancient town, Central America, 653. and naturalists, XIII. 788.

XXIV. 759.

KAHIR BILLAH, caliph, XVI. 587.

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XIX. 299.

K, the eleventh letter of the alphabet, | KAFIRS, or Kaffres, race of people, South

IOI.

1. 404.

Kahla, town, Germany, XXI. 347. KALATCH, town, Russia, XIII. 826; | KAMACHIA (Shemaha), ancient town, KAHLUR, or Bilaspur, hill state, Punjab, XXIV. 298.

Persia, XXI. 794. India, XIII. 823; III. 670.

KALAT-I-GHILZAI, fortress, Afghanistan, KAMAKHYA, Temple of, at Now-gong, KAHULAWI, island, Hawaiian group, XI. I. 230.

India, XVII. 609. 532.

KALBE, town, Prussia, XIII. 826. KAMAL, town, Madura, Indian ArchiKAIBALS, people, Russia, XXI. 251. KALCKER, John de (Calcar), German pelago, XV. 193. KAID BAY MOSQUE, Cairo, II. 446. painter, iv. 653.

KAMALA, drug, XIII. 831. KAIETEUR, waterfall, Guiana, X1. 250. KALDA, district, Mesopotamia, XVI. KAMALIA, town, India, XVI. 789. K’AI-FUNG Foo, town, China, XIII. 823. 51.

KAMASINS, people, Russia, XXI. 251. KAIKAVUS, Seljuk ruler, XXI. 637. KALE, Scotch, vegetable, iv. 617; XII. KAMBANGAN, Nusa, island, Java, xili. KAIKHOSRAU I., Seljuk ruler, XXI. 636. 279.

600. II., Seljuk ruler, XXI. 637. KALEEGE, Indian pheasant, XVIII. KAMBAY (Cambay), town and gulf, KAIKOBAD, Seljuk prince, XXI. 637. 733.

India, IV. 723. KAILASA, or Kylas, Cave-chambers of, KALEIDOSCOPE, optical instrument, KAMBOJA (Cambodia), kingdom, IndoEllora, India, II. 395.

XIII. 826; XIV. 587; Brewster's in Chinese Peninsula, IV. 723; XXI. KAILAS GANGRI, mountain, Tibet, XXIII. vention of, iv. 276.

854. 340.

KALENBERG (Calenberg), principality, KAMBURG, town, Germany, XXI. 348. KAIM BI-AMR-ILLAH, caliph, XVI. 588. Hanover, iv. 664.

KAMCHADALES, people of Kamchatka, KAINITE, mineral, xv. 217; XVI. 402; KALENDS, first day of Roman month, XIII. 832. XIX. 588.

IV. 665.

KAMCHATKA, peninsula, Siberia, xili. KAINSK, town, Asiatic Russia, XXII. II; KALEWALA, Finnish epic poem, 1X. 219; 831. XXIII. 439. XVII. 158.

Sea of, xvIII. 116. KAIRA, district and town, India, XIII. KALGAN, town, China, XIII. 828. KAMEEL, or Kamil, sovereign of Egypt, 824.

KALHAT, coast region, Arabia, II. 255. VI. 630; VII. 754. KAIRANA, town, India, xvII. 114. KALHORA DYNASTY, Sind, India, XXII. KAMENETS, town, Podolia, Russia, xiii. KAIRWAN, or Kairawan, town, Tunis,

92.

832; XIX. 254. XIII. 824; XXIII. 620; mosque at, xvi. KALIDASA, Sanskrit writer, XIII. 828; KAMENZ, town, Saxony, XIII. 832. 865.

VII. 397; XXI. 285.

KAMES, Lord, Scottish philosopher and KAIS (Kish), island, Persian Gulf, xiv. KALILAH AND DIMNAH, Book of, III. judge, XIII. 833; on beauty, I. 222;

666; ancient Syriac version, XXII. his method of improving moss land, KAISARIEH (Cæsarea), town, Asia Minor, 850. IV. 640; V. 75.

KALINGA, ancient kingdom, India, XIII. KAMICHI, bird, xxi. 552. KAISARYAH (Cæsarea Palestina), town, 829.

KAMIL (Hami), town, Central Asia, XI. Palestine, IV. 639.

KALINGAPATAM, town, India, XIII. 829. 409. Kaiser, title, XXIII. 418.

KALISH, town, Russian Poland, XIII. El, sovereign of Egypt, vi. 630; FRANZENSBAD, watering-place, Bo 829; treaty of (1813), XXII. 531; hemia, IX. 724.

government, XIX. 309.

KAMMERALISTS, German economists, KARLSBAD (Carlsbad), town, Bo- KALITVENSKAYA, Don Cossack village, XIX. 363. hemia, v. 112; XVI. 435.

Russia, XIII. 829.

KÄMMERERITE, mineral, xvi. 414. KAISERSLAUTERN, town, Bavaria, XIII. KALI-YUG, Hindu chronology, V. 719. KAMMERSEE, lake, Austria, XXI. 241. 825.

KALLADAKURCHI, town, India, XXIII. KAMMIN, town, Prussia, XIII. 833. KAISERSWERTH, town, Prussia, XIII. 405.

KAMOZ, tribe, Kafiristan, XIII. 822. 825; deaconesses of, XVI. 715; dea- KALLIGENEIA, Greek festival, xxIII. 295. KAMPEN, town, Holland, XIII. 833; conesses' home at, ix. 307.

KALMAR (Calmar, q.v.), town, Sweden, XVIII, 78. KAISOW TEAS, V. 635.

IV. 710.

KAMPONGS, village groups, Sumatra, I. KAITHAL, town, India, XIII. 825. KALMUKS, Kalmucks, or Calmucks, 96. KAIYAN, town, Persia, XVIII. 627, Mongol tribes, IV. 710; XVI. 745, 749; KAMPOT, seaport, Cambodia, IV. 725. KAJAR DYNASTY, of Persia, xvIII. 645.

XXIII. 70.

KAMPTEE (Kamthi), town, India, XIII. KAJARS, Turkish tribe, XXIII. 661. KAL MURA, river, Persia, xvIII. 626. 834; XVII. 164. KAKA, New Zealand bird, xvII. 354. KALMYKOFF, town, Russia, VI. 24. KAMPTULICON, floor-cloth, Vi. 402; XIV. KAKAPO, New Zealand bird, XIII. 825. KALNA, town, India, XIII. 829.

676. KAKARS, Afghan clan, I. 235.

KALOCSA, or Kalocza, town, Hungary, KAMRUP, district, India, XIII. 833. KAKODYLE COMPOUNDS, in chemistry, XIII. 829; observatory at, XVII. 713. KAMSA, Gabriel, Syriac hymn-writer, XVI. 197 KALONG, bat, in Java, ix. 352.

XXII. 855. KAKONGO, district, West Africa, xiv. KALPENI, island, Laccadives, Indian KAMTCHATKA, or Kamchatka, penin742. See also IV. 625. Ocean, Xiv. 183.

sula, Siberia, XIII. 831. KALABAGH, town, India, XIII. 826. KALPI, town, India, XIII. 830.

KAMTHI, town, India, XIII. 834; XVII. KALAHARI DESERT, South Africa, XVII. KALUGA, government, Russia, XIII. 830; 164. 168.

XXI. 69; town, XIII. 830.

KAMUISHIN, town, Russia, XIII. 834; KALAH SHERGHAT, town, Mesopotamia, KALVARIYA, town, Russia, XIII. 830.

XXI. 305. III. 183.

Kalw, town, Würtemberg, xiii. 830. KAMURGI, Ali, Ottoman general, XI. KALAMATA, town, Greece, XIII. 826; KALWARYA, town, Russian Poland, xxii.

728.

KAMYSHIN (Kamuishin), town, Russia, KALAMAZOO, town, Michigan, U.S.A., KALYAN, town, India, XXIII. 221.

XIII. 834; XXI. 305. XIII. 826.

KALYAZIN, town, Russia, xxIII. 672. KANADA, Hindu philosopher, his cateKALANG, district, Malay Peninsula, xv. KAMA, river, Russia, xiv. 20; XVIII. gories, V. 222. 322.

549; XXIV. 279.

KANAGAWA, town, Japan, XXIV. 745.

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VII. 754.

121.

XVI. 53.

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