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99; European travellers in, x. 188; | INDO-ARABIC NUMERALS, XVII. 627. also article Army throughout); tactical trigonometrical survey of, xxII. 696; INDO-CHINESE LANGUAGES, Diction management of, xxiv. 353. X. 191 ; universities, XXIII. 856 ; aries of, vii. 191.

INFECTION, in diseases, xv. 796; XVIII. weights and measures, XXIV. 490. INDO-CHINESE RACE, 11. 697.

401; organisms causing, XXI. 407; INDIA, History of, James Mill's, XVI. 307. INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES, XVIII. XXII. 680; in the plague, XIX. 162. INDIANA, State, U.S.A., XII. 813; 778, 784; Semitic character of their | INFERNO, Dante's, Vi. 815. population, XXIII. 802. alphabets, 1. 608.

INFINITE, INFINITESIMAL, in mathe5 novel by George Sand, VII. 509. INDO-GERMANIC LANGUAGES, XVIII. matics, XIII. 13, 14. INDIANAPOLIS, town, Indiana, U.S.A., 778, 784

The, as an implicit condition of XII. 814.

INDO-HOMERIC GROUP, of alphabets, thought, XXIII. 246; as an object of INDIAN ARCHIPELAGO, XII. 815; dic Lenormant's, I. 608.

religious thought, XXIII. 246; idea of, tionaries of languages, VII. 191; rain- INDO-IRANIANS, of the Parthian empire, in Cousin's philosophy, VI. 526; in fall of, xvi. 151. XVIII. 606.

Descartes's, V. 144; in Hamilton's, XI. INDIAN BADGER, carnivorous mammal, INDONESIANS, Malay people, xv. 324. 418; in Locke's, xiv. 759; in MaleXX. 288. INDORE, state, India, XII. 845.

branche's, V. 150; in Spinoza's, V. 155. INDIAN CHRONOLOGY, V. 718. INDO-SCYTHIA, XVIII. 599.

INFINITESIMAL CALCULUS, XIII. 5; XV. INDIAN CORN, or Maize, xv. 309.. INDRA, ancient Hindu divinity, IV. 202; 630; XVI. 19; Kepler on, XIV. 47. INDIAN CREss, plant, XII. 285.

XV. 90; XyII. 153.

INFINITY, in Zeno's paradoxes, XXIV. INDIAN EMPIRE, Order of the, XIV. 124. INDRAGIRI, kingdom, Sumatra, XXII. 778. INDIAN INK, XIII. 80; XIX. 88.

639.

INFIRMARY, hospital, XII. 301. INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS, XIII. 118. INDRAMAYU, town, Java, Xill. 606. INFLAMMATION, diseases, XVIII. 398; INDIAN MILLET, cereal plant, VII. 564. INDRAPURA, mountain, Sumatra, XXII. bronchitis, iv. 362; cystitis, XXIV. 188; INDIAN MUTINY (1857), 11.591; XII. 809. 638.

erysipelas, VIII. 531; XVIII. 398; menINDIAN OCEAN, XII. 820.

INDRE, department, France, XII. 846. ingitis, XVI. II; ostitis, xxII. 685; INDIAN PINK, plant, xix. 107.

river, France, xiv. 806.

otitis, VII. 594; peritonitis, XVIII. 547; INDIAN QUEEN, Dryden and Howard's INDRE-ET-LOIRE, department, France, phlebitis, xxII. 684; pneumonia, XIX. tragedy, vil. 489. XII. 846.

249. See also XI. 554, and articles INDIANS, American, XII. 822, 830; I. INDRIS, genus of lemurs, XIV. 441. Ophthalmology and Throat Diseases. 685; displacement of, XXIII. 819; INDUCTION, in algebra, 1. 523.

INFLEXIBLE, British warship, XVII. 286. languages of, xvIII. 780; dictionaries in philosophy, l. 797; XIV. 785, INFLEXION, of Aryan words, XVIII. 789. of languages, vii. 192 ; mythology, 789; Aristotle on, 11. 516; Baconian INFLORESCENCE, in plants, IV. 121. XVII. 148; religions, XX. 364; totems, method of, 111. 215; Socratic use of, | INFLUENZA, disease, XIII. 73; in PolyXXIII. 467; Eliot's work among, VIII. XXII. 236.

nesia, xix. 422; of the horse, xxiv. 137; Penn's influence over, XVIII. 496; Magnetic, XV. 224, 243, 250.

203. of Costa Rica, VI. 450 ; of South | INDULGENCE, INDULGENCES, of Roman | INFORMATION, in law, XIII. 73. America, I. 89; of Colombia, VI. 155; Catholic Church, XII. 846; XVIII. 487; | INFUSORIA, or Protozoa, XIX. 830; of Peru, XVIII. 677.

decree respecting, in council of Trent, skeletal structures of, XXII. 106. INDIAN STEEL, XIII. 342.

XXIII. 550; Luther's opposition to, INGÆVONES, ancient Germanic tribe, x. INDIAN TERRITORY, United States, XII. XV. 72; sale of, xx. 326; Nicholas

473. 833; population, XXIII. 802.

V.'s, early printed books, XXIII. 684. INGAUNI, Ligurian tribe, Italy, XIII. INDIA-RUBBER, XII. 835; elasticity of, INDULPH, or Indulf, king of Picts and 446; XIV. 640. VII. 801,813; trees, IX. 154; XVIII. 673. Scots, XVII. 570; XXI. 479.

INGE, Swedish king, XXII. 745. INDICATOR, genus of birds, XII. 140. INDUS, river, India, XII. 847, 732; IV. INGEBORG, wife of Philip II. of France, in steam-engine, XXII. 476, 487, 21; XX. 107; XXII. 90; Alexander's

IX. 541. 490, 495.

voyage down, I. 484.

INGELHEIM, Ober- and Nieder-, towns, INDICOLITE, mineral, XVI. 409.

INDUSTRIAL REFORMATORY SCHOOLS, Germany, XIII. 73. INDICOPLEUSTES (Cosmas),

XX. 338.

INGEMANN, Bernhard Severin, Danish grapher, Vi. 445; X. 177. INEDIA, or Starvation, VII. 208.

poet and novelist, XIII. 73; VII. 92. INDICTION, Cycle of, iv. 670; V. 716. INERMIA, suborder of sponges, XXXII. INGENA (Avranches), ancient town, INDICTMENT, in law, XII. 842.

423.

France, III. 157 INDIFFERENCE, Theory of, in scholastic INERTIA, of matter, xv. 676; moment INGFANGTHEOF, Cinque Port privilege, philosophy, XXI. 423.

of, iv. 288; XV. 732; in steam-engine, V. 787. INDIGES, epithet of Jupiter, XIII. 780. XXII. 510; Clerk Maxwell on, xv. 748. INGLEBOROUGH, mountain, England, INDIGESTION, VII. 586.

INFALLIBILITY, Papal, Dogma of (1870), XXIV. 746. INDIGO, dyeing material, XII. 843; VII. XXIV. 110; xix. 158; XVII. 754; Leo INGLEFIELD, Sir Edward A., Arctic 576; CO irs from, iv. 689; XIX. 87; II, on, XIV. 449.

explorer, xix. 322. cultivation of, in India, 111. 508, 568; INFANCY, Diet in, vii. 200; period of, INGOLDSBY LEGENDS, by Barham, III. XII. 749. XV. 778.

374. INDIGO-BIRD, XVII. 534.

INFANT, in law, XIII. 1; I. 279; guardian- INGOLSTADT, town, Bavaria, XIII. 74; INDIGOTIN, pure indigo blue, XII. 843, ship of, by the mother, XXIV. 641. university of, xxIII. 842. 844.

Condition of, in limbo, XIV. 646. INGRASSIAS, John Philip, Sicilian INDIUM, chemical element, XII. 844; V. of Spain, title, XIX. 738.

anatomist, I. 809. 533.

INFANTICIDE, XIII. 3; 1X. 481; xv. 780; INGRES, Jean Auguste Dominique, INDIVIDUALITY, in living organisms, in China, v. 670; in India, iv. 211; French painter, XIII. 74. III. 688.

XII. 745; XV. 303; in Madagascar, xv. INGULPHUS, or Ingulf, English abbot, INDIVIDUATION, Principle of, in scho 173.

XIII. 76. lasticism, XXI. 428.

INFANTRY, of British army, II. 580 (see | INGUR, river, Caucasus, V. 253.

cosmo

-

INHERITANCE, in law, XIII. 77; in | INOCULATION, of cowpos, XXIV. 23; of XXIV. 819; of ants, 11. 95; of bees, III. relation to intestacy, XIII. 197; to smallpox, XXII. 164.

488; Stoic doctrine of, XXII. 567. primogeniture, XIX. 733; Indian caste INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, V. 467. INSTINCTIVE APPETITES, in psycholaw of, v. 191; in Roman law, xx. INOWRAZLAW, town, Prussia, XIII. 91. logy, XX. 73. 674, 692, 706, 713; rules of, among INQUEST, by recognition, in Anglo- INSTITUTE OF FRANCE, XIII. 160; IX. aboriginal tribes, XXIII. 473.

Norman law, XIII. 784; coroner's, Vi. 514. in animal-breeding, iv. 245. See 431.

INSTITUTE OF THE LAW OF SCOTLAND, also Heredity.

INQUIRY, judicial writ, XXIV. 696. Erskine's, VIII. 529. novel by Miss Ferrier, IX. III. INQUISITION, of Roman Catholic Church, INSTITUTES, scientific and literary INIA, genus of cetacean mammals, xv. XIII. 91; XI. 736; XX. 629; establish societies, XXII. 221. 398.

ment of, XVIII. 430; establishment in of Gaius, X. 16. INISHMURRAY, islet, Sligo, Ireland, XXII. France, I. 487; relation of the Jesuits of Justinian, XIII. 794. 159.

to, XIII. 650; application of torture OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, INISHTURK, island, Ireland, xv. 650. by, XXIII. 463; in time of Philip II., Calvin's, iv. 716. INISPATRICK, island, Ireland, VII. XVIII. 744; under Pope Pius V., XIX. OF METAPHYSICS, Ferrier's, IX. 495.

154; in Italy, XIII. 482; in Portugal, IIO. INITIALS, Book, XXIII. 686, 696.

XIX. 546; in Spain, ix. 82; XXII. 326, OF THEOLOGY, by Chalmers, V. INJECTIO, Vanus, in Roman law, xx. 329.

377 684.

INSANE, Conolly's treatment of the, vi. INSTITUTION OF A CHRISTIAN MAN, INJECTOR, for steam boilers, XXII. 289; treatment of, at Gheel, Belgium, II. 654. 500

X. 562; Tuke's treatment of, XXIII. INSTITUTION OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS, INJUNCTION, in law, X111.78; in Roman 50.4; weight of brain in the, 1. 879. London, XXI. 809. law, XX. 709.

INSANITY, XIII. 95; Warren's definition INSTITUTIONS, Divine, Lactantius's, INJURIES, Bodily, xxII. 680; physio of, xxiv. 373; law relating to, XIII. XIV. 195. logical repair of, XVIII. 363.

III; in medical jurisprudence, xv. OF THE LAW OF SCOTLAND, INK, XI. 79; lithographic, xiv, 698; 780; in relation to crime, vi. 584. Stair's, XXII. 446. printing, XXIII. 708.

INSAR, town, Russia, XVIII. 515. INSTITUTIO ORATORIA, of Quintilian, INKPEN BEACON, XXIV. 593.

INSCRIPTIONS, Ancient, XIII. 114; on XX. 187. IXK-SAC, of cuttletish, vi. 736.

coins XVII. 633; Indian (numerals). INSTITUZIONI ANALITICHE, by Madame INLAYING, method of ornamentation, XVII. 626; Javanese, XIII. 6o9; Latin, Agnesi, 1. 284 XIII. 81.

XIV. 328; Ogam, v. 306; at Behistun, INSTRUMENTATION, in music, XVII. 98. Inx, rirer, tributary of Danube, VIII. Persia, III. 509; XVIII. 367; at Pompeii, INSTRUMENTS, Musical, their origin, 213; XXII. 776

XIX. 450; on pottery, XIX. 610, 616, XVII. 77INNERLEITHEN, town, Scotland, xviii. 619; Roman, abbreviations in, I. 26; INSUBRES, Gallic tribe, Italy, XIII. 452.

Runic, XXI. 366, 370; Salean, xxiv. 446 INNER TEMPLE, legal society, London, ' 739; in Yucatan, Central America, INSULA BATAVORUM, ancient Holland, XIIL 87, 89 XXIV. 759

XII. 69. INXISFALLEX, island and monastery, Academy of, France, 1.6 INSULATOR, Telegraphic, XXIII. 113. Ireland, xiv. 52,76

INSECTA, or Insects (7.6.), XIII, 141. INSURANCE, XIII. 161; implied warranty INNKEEPERS Law relating to, XI. 81. INSECTIVORA, order of Mammalia, xv. in contract of, XXIV. 373; life, postINXKEEPERS` LIEN, in law, XIV. 570.

office, XIX. 574; life, in annuities, II. INNOCENT I., pope, XIII. 82; XIX.

INSECTIVOROUS PLANTS, XIII, 134. 72; marine, arerage, I. 145; marine, 491.

INSECTS, XIII. 141; effect of climate ca, first use of, III. 367; marine, Lloyd's, II, pope, xm. 82; XIX. 500; XX. 1. 86; hibernation of, XI. 189; mimicry XIV. 741. 792

in, XVI. 342; olfactory organs of, XXII. INTAGLIO, incised engraving, IV. 738; III., pope, XII. 82, 474; XIX. 500; 165; parasitic, XVIII. 35.3 250; wings X. 136; the grandest Roman extant, XX 795.

ef, ix. 314; of Himalayas XI. 834; in III. 614. IV., pope, XII. 84, 475; XX. 96 India, XII. 743; Bennet's oberrations INTEGRAL CALCULUS, XIII. II, 33. 1', pope, XIII. 84.

on, Iv. 35; Sirammendam's collection INTEGRIPALLIA, suborder of Mollusca, VI., poze, Xm. 84; XX. 801. of, XXII. ja

XVI. 685. VII., Pepe, XIII. &4; XX. 804. INSILAH, town, Tint casis Africa, tiiI. INTELLECTION, in psychology, XX. 75. VIII. Porre, XIII. 83; XX. 806.

| INTELLECTUAL FEELINGS, XX. 69. IX, pope, XIII. 85.

INSOLATION, or Sunstroke, XXII. 666. INTELLIGENCE, in military tactics, X. pore, xm. 85; XIX. 506 INSOMNIA, disis, XXII. 15.

XXIV. 363 XI. pope, XIII. 85; XIX. Soó INSPIRATION, Thelgial detrine e INTELLIGENCER, newspaper, XVII. 414. XII, pope, XIII. 85; XIX. 500 XIII. 154; 11. Ier; as hekl br Para INTEVELII, Ligurian tribe, Italy, XIII. XIII, pore, xin. 80.

1. 4; VII. 700; Plato's doctrine of 446; XIV, 640 IXXOCENTS, Massacre of the, br Hend, XIX. 107

INTENPERANCE, VII. 481; laws relating XIII. 661.

of the braih, rx. 4.

Item xiv. 688 Ixxs Law relating to XII. SI.

INSTADT, saturb of Best Bararia. INTENSITY, in music, XVII. 106. -King's legal school, Dillin, xii.

TIL 344.

INTERANNA (Terni), ancient town, INSTANTIS Sal::sh the gan, xí. Italy, XXIII. 190 INXSBRUCK, or Innspruck, town, Tyml, :46

INTERCESSIONS in the litany, XIV. Austria, Xul. So; its captures XXI. INSTAURATIO MAGXA, Ron's work, 600 560; university of, xxi. Sua

III. 219

INTERDICT, Paral, XIII. 188. INXS OF COURT, English legal scieties INSTERBURG, town, Prusia XIII, 15 in Roman law, XX. 709; in Scots XI. $;; III. 304.

IXSTINCT, XIII. 157; transmission of,, law, xin. 188

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XXIII. 222.

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XVII. 557

INTERDICTION, in Scots law, XIII. | INVERLOCHY, Scotland, Battle of | IPHIGENIA, Euripides's plays, viii. 676, 188. (1645), xvi. 796.

677. INTEREST, in law, XIII. 188; calculation INVERNESS, county, Scotland, XIII. 199; IPHIGÉNIE, Gluck's opera, x. 694. of, 11. 536; in economics, xxiv. 49; in area and population, XXI. 528; re Racine's drama, xx. 207. relation to usury, XXIV. 18; rate of, presentation, XXIII. 727; town, XIII. I POM@A BATATAS, vegetable, XIX. 596. charged by Bank of England, 111. 330;

IPSAMBUL (Abu-Simbel), town, Nubia, on bills of exchange, VIII. 791.

INVERTEBRATA, their nervous system, II. 388; 1. 61. INTERIMISTIC CONTROVERSY, of council XIX. 30; skeleton of, xxII. 106. IPSARIO, mountain, Thasos, Greece, of Trent, XXIII. 546.

INVESTITURE, in feudal law, XIII. 201; INTERLAKEN, or Interlachen, town, question of, between emperors and IPSWICH, town, England, XIII.212; XXII. Switzerland, XIII. 188.

popes, XVIII. 339; XIX. 499; XX. 791; 622. INTERLUDES, Dramatic, VII. 415; in war of investitures, X. 488; XIII. -, town, Queensland, Australia, XIII. time of Shakespeare, XXI. 750.

471. INTERMENT, Rites of, ix. 824.

INVESTMENTS, under trust, XXIII. 598. IQUIQUE, town, South America, XIII. INTERMEZZO, in music, XVII. 94. INVOCATION, of saints, XXI. 155.

213; XVIII. 674. INTERMITTENT FEVER, IX. 126. INVOCATIONS, in the litany, xiv. 696. IRAK ADJEMI, province, Persia, XIII. INTERNATIONAL, working men's associ- INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES, 1. 856.

213. ation, XIII. 189; XXII. 214.

INVOLUTION, in algebra, I. 526; in

algebra, I. 526; in IRAK ARABI, district, Syria, XIII. 213; CONTRACTS, or Treaties, XXIII. projective geometry, X. 401; XIX. 795.

XVI. 50. 530.

Io, in Greek mythology, XIII. 202. IRAN, or Persia (q.v.), XVIII. 561. COPYRIGHT, VI. 363.

dialogue of Plato, XIX. 197. IRANIAN LANGUAGES, XVIII. 134, 653, EXHIBITIONS, VIII. 803; London | IODIDES, V. 496; of mercury, xvi. 34; 784. (1851), origination of, I. 452.

of methyl, XVI. 196; of potassium, IRANIAN LITERATURE, XVIII. 653. INTERNATIONALISM, European, VIII. XIX. 592; of silver, XXII. 72.

IRAWADI, river, Burmah, XIII. 213. 719.

IODINE, chemical element, XIII. 202; IRBIT, town, Russia, XIII. 214; XVIII. INTERNATIONAL LAW, XIII. 190; XXII. V.490, 496; made from kelp, XIV. 30; 550.

471; under the church, v. 20; in temperature of vapour, XX. 131; Gay- IRCHESTER, Roman station, England, relation to marriage, xv. 568; Gen Lussac's observations on, X. 123. tili's contributions to, X. 161. See IODITE, mineral, xvi. 384.

IREC ET ÉNIDE, by Chrestien de Troyes, also article Treaties.

Iol, town, Mauretania, Africa, xv. 637. V. 687. INTERNATIONAL POSTAL CONGRESS, Iolcus, Vale of, Thessaly, xxIII. 299. IRELAND,

XIII. 214 (index, 272); XIX. 583. IOLITE, mineral, xvi. 418.

history of, XIII. 243; invasion of, by INTERNATIONAL REGISTER, of tonnage, Iolo MORGANWG (Edward Williams), Edward Bruce, XX. 594; Cromwell's XXIII. 442. Welsh writer, V. 314.

settlement of, vi. 600; Fenians in, IX. INTERNATIONAL TRADE, Cairnes's | Ion, of Chios, Greek poet, XIII. 203; 74; in time of Grattan, XI. 61; Norman theory of, xix. 382. XXI. 466.

settlement in, XVII. 551; in time of INTEROCREA (Antrodoco), Sabine town, - Euripides's play, VIII. 676.

O'Connell, XVII. 720; under Peel's Italy, XXI. 129. IONA, island, Scotland, XIII. 203;

administration, XVIII. 453; Petty's INTERPLEADER, in English law, XIII. monastery of, vi. 167; XVI. 706; XXI. survey of, xvIII. 724; Pitt's policy to197 474.

wards, xix. 145; Raleigh's policy, INTERPRETATION, Biblical, xl. 741. IONIA, district, Asia Minor, xiii. 204; XX. 262; Reformation in, xx. 337; INTERVALS, Musical, xvII. 78, 103. XI, 98; cities of, XIII. 204; revolts Spenser's view of the state of, xxII. INTERVENTION, Political, XIII. 192. against Persia, XVIII. 570, 573, 579; 393; under Lord Strafford, xxII. 585; INTESTACY, in law, XIII. 197; in Roman coins of, xvII. 634, 646.

union with England (1801), VIII. 362; law, XX. 691, 702, 714.

IONIAN ISLANDS, Greece, XIII. 205. XIV. 854; XVIII. 308; Gothic architecINTESTINES, Anatomy of the, VII. 225; IONIANS, Greek people, XI. 90.

ture in, II. 429; banking, III. 336; XVII. 668; of birds, III. 726; of fishes, Ionic ARCHITECTURE, 11. 405; Roman, Brehon law, iv. 252; ancient church, XII. 655; of mammals, xv. 362; of

V. 303; Episcopal Church, viii. 490; reptiles, XX. 457.

IONIC DIALECT, of Greek, xi. 134; in Presbyterian Church, xix. 691; coal INTILENE, ancient district, Asia, xiv. Homer, XII. 113.

measures, VI. 54; coins, xvII. 656; 159. Ions, in electrolysis, viii. 108.

fisheries, ix. 262; forests, ix. 399; INTIMIDATION, in law, XXIII. 500. Iowa, State, U.S.A., XIII. 207; popula land laws in, xiv. 269; law of landINTOXICANTS, VII. 482.

tion, XXIII. 802.

lord and tenant (1881), XIV. 276; INTOXICATION, or Drunkenness (q.v.), City, town, Iowa, U.S.A., XIII. statute law, XXII. 470; libraries, xiv. VII. 481. 209.

513, 523, 542; mines, XVI. 467; ancient INTRA, town, Italy, xv. 198.

IOXIDs, of Greek legend, xxIII. 294. mythology, v. 300; newspapers, xvII. INTUITION, in psychology, xx. 55. IPALNEMOAN, Mexican deity, xvi. 211. 423; observatories, XVII. 710; peerage, INTUITIONAL ETHICS, VIII. 603. I PECACUANHA, plant and drug, XIII. XVIII. 466; police system, xix. 341; INUUS LUPERCUS, Roman god, xv.

population and representation, XXIII. IPEK, town, Albania, Turkey, XIII. 211. 727; early schools, V. 304; school INVALIDE RUSSE, St Petersburg news IPETUMODU, town, West Africa, xxiv. system, VII. 681; universities and paper, XVII. 430. 754.

colleges, XXIII. 855. INVENTIONS, Remarkable, in chrono IPHIANASSA, of Greek legend, XIII. 211. Samuel, English writer, XIII. 272.

logical table, v. 720; patents for, IPHICRATES, Athenian general, XIII. Samuel William Henry, ShakeXVIII. 354.

spearean forger, XIII. 272. INVERARAY, town, Scotland, XIII. 198. IPHIGENEIA, of Greek legend, XIII. 211; IRELAND'S EYE, islet, Ireland, vii. 494; INVERGORDON, town, Scotland, xx. 854. XVII. 827.

XIII. 216.

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IREMEL, mountain, Russia, XXIII. 717; 377; strength of, xxII. 603; thera- | ISABELLA, the Catholic, queen of CasXXIV. 4. peutic uses of, xiii. 359.

tile, XIII. 375; IX. 81; XXII. 325. IRENÆUS, bishop of Lyons, XIII. 273; IRON AGE, II. 122.

II., of Spain, XXII. 345. on the canon of Scripture, v. 8; creed BRIDGES, IV. 334.

ISABEY, Jean Baptiste, French painter, of, vi. 559; letters of, xix. 489; on IRON-CLADS, ships of war, XVII. 284.

XIII. 375. the heresies of Cerinthus, V. 346; his IRONDALE SPRINGS, West Virginia, ISACIDES (Rashi), Jewish rabbi, xx. connexion with Polycarp, XIX. 414. U.S.A., XXIV. 518.

284. IRENE, empress of the East, XIII. 274. IRON GATE, pass, Central Asia, XII. 3. ISÆUS, Attic orator, XIII. 375. IRENICUM, Stillingfleet's work, XXII. IRON GATES, on Danube, Roumania, ISAIAH, Old Testament prophet, XIII. 551. XXI. 14.

377, 413; XIX. 818; contrasted with IRETON, Henry, Parliamentary general, IRON MASK, Man in the, XIII. 360. Zephaniah, xxiv. 780. XIII. 275. IRON PERIOD, Remains of, 11. 340.

Ascension and Visions of, apocaIRGHIZ, town, Central Asia, XXIII. IRON PYRITES, XX. 128.

lyptic book, II. 180. 627.

IRONSANDS, iron ore, XIII, 285, 287. ISAK, Somali tribes, Central Africa, IRIARTE, Tomas de, Spanish poet, XIII. IRON SHIPS, XXI. 817.

XXII. 256. 275.

IRONSIDES, Cromwell's soldiers, Vi. 599. ISATIN, chemical derivative of indigo, IRIDIUM, chemical element, XIII. 275; IRONSTONE, mineral, X. 232.

XII. 844. V. 537; XVI. 383; XIX. 189, 191. IRONTON, town, Ohio, U.S.A., XIII. 361. ISAtis, genus of plants, VII. 576. IRIDOSMIUM, mineral, xvi. 383. IRON VIRGIN, of Nuremberg, XVII. 662. ISAURIA, district, Asia Minor, XIII. 384. Iris, in Greek mythology, XIII. 276. IRON WATERS, XVI. 434.

ISBARTA, town, Turkey in Asia, xix. 5 of the human eye, I. 887; VIII. IRON-WOOD, timber, XIII. 361.

130. 821.

IRON-WORK, in architecture, II. 466; ISCANDERUN (Scanderoon), town, Asia plant, XIII. 276; IX. 279; XII. 256; XVI. 71.

Minor, XXI. 366. XVIII. 52.

IRON-WORKS, at Barrow-in-Furness, ISCARIOT, Judas, apostle, XIII. 760. river, Asia Minor, II. 707; XIX. England,

395; at Stafford, Isca SILURUM (Caerleon), Roman sta459.

England, XXII. 442; at Neviansk, tion, Monmouth, England, XVI. 754. IRISH CHURCH, Early, V. 303 ; XIII. Russia, xvII. 369.

Ischia, island, Italy, XIII. 385, 440; 248; in time of Henry VIII. of Eng- IROQUOIS, American Indians, 1. 690; XVII. 187, 188; mineral water of, xvI. land, XIII. 262. XII. 827, 831; XVII. 454.

435. IRISH HISTORY, XIII. 243.

IRRADIATION, Phenomena of, in vision, Ischi, spa, Austria, XIII. 385; XVI. IRISH LANGUAGE, V. 298; dictionaries VIII. 822.

434. of, vii. 188.

IRRAWADDY (Irawadi), river, Burmah, ISCHNOGALTER, genus of wasps, XXIV. IRISH MANUSCRIPTS, V. 305; XVIII. XIII. 213.

392. 157.

IRRIGATION, XIII. 362; by sewage, ISÉ, Japan, place of pilgrimage, XIII. IRISH MELODIES, Moore's, XVI. 806. XXI. 712; in Ceylon, V. 368; in Egypt, 581; XIX. 92. IRISH Moss, sea-weed, XIII. 276; I. VII. 707; on the Euphrates, viii. 669; ISEGHEM, town, Belgium, XIII. 385. 508.

in India, XII. 754; in Madeira, xv. ISELIN, Jakob C., Swiss historical writer, IRISH SOCIETY, of Londonderry, xiv. 178; of meadow land, in Scotland, I. XXII. 798. 852.

345, 349; in Spain, XXII. 299; works, ISENBURG, Counts of, German family, IRITIS, eye disease, xvII. 781.

on the Cauvery, India, XIV. 19.

XVII. 732.
IRKUTSK, government, Asiatic Russia, IRRITATION, Broussais's medical theory ISER, river, Germany, VII. 825.
XIII. 276; XXI. 69; town, XIII. 277; of, iv. 383; XV. 814.

ISÈRE, department, France, XII. 385; XXII. II.

IRTHING, river, England, xvII. 565. river, xx. 528.
IRMINSUL, Saxon idol, v. 402; X. 478. IRTISH, river, Siberia, XXII. 5; XXI. ISERINE, mineral, xvi. 386.
IRNERIUS, Italian jurist, XIII. 277. 639; XXIII. 429.

ISERLOHN, town, Prussia, xiii. 385; IRON, metal, XIII. 278; XVI. 381; as IRULAS, hill tribe, India, xvII. 509; XXIV. 517 chemical element, v. 534; as building XXIII. 42.

ISERNIA, town, Italy, XIII. 386. material, iv. 447; electro-deposited, IRUN, town, Spain, XIII. 370.

ISEUM, Egypt, Temple of, vii. 768. VIII. 117; enamelling of, viii. 185; IRVINE, town, Scotland, xiii. 370. ISFAHAN (Ispahan, q.v.), town, Persia, used in filtration, ix. 169; fracture of, IRVING, Edward, Scottish theologian

XIII. 393. XXII. 600; industry, in United States, and preacher, XIII. 370; V. 237. ISHAK, Mohammed b., Arab historian, XXIII. 813; magnetization of, viii. 75; Washington, American writer, XVI. 596; XXIII. 2. XV. 223, 256, 260; statistics of XIII. 372; 1. 723, 724.

ISHim, town, Siberia, XXIII. 430; river, manufacture, XIII. 358; meteoric, xvi. IRVINGITES, religious sect, V. 237.

XXIII. 429. 113; mines in Australia, III. 109; in IRWAN (Erivan), town, Armenia, VIII. ISHMAEL, of Scripture, XIII. 386. Brazil, iv. 225; in France, ix. 522; 524.

ISHO BAR NON, Syriac writer, xxII in Germany, x. 453; in India, XII. IRWELL, river, England, xv. 459.

847 764; in Ireland, XIII. 217; in Prussia, Is (Hit), ancient town, Syria, vill. 670; ISHO-DADH, Syriac writer, xx11. 848. XX. 15; in Russia, XXI. 85; in Silesia, XII. 24; XVI. 48.

ISHO-DENAH, Syriac writer, XXII. 845. XXII. 53; in Missouri, U.S.A., XVI. 525; | ISAAC, of Scripture, XIII. 374.

ISHO-YABH of Arzon, Syriac writer, in Pennsylvania, U.S.A., XVIII. 502; I., Comnenus, Byzantine emperor, XXII. 838. mining in United States, xxIII. 811; XIII. 374.

of Gedhala, Syriac writer, XXII. ores of, xvI. 58; as plant food, xix. - II., Angelus, Byzantine emperor, 842. 49; production of, XVI. 467; producXIII. 374.

of Hedhaiyabh, Syriac writer, XXII. tion in China, v. 634; production in of Antioch, Syriac writer, XXII. 829. 842. England and Wales, VIII. 227; velocity of Nineveh, Syriac writer, XXII. BAR MALKON, Syriac writer, XXII. of sound in, 1. 104; spectrum of, XXII. 836.

852.

XVI.

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220.

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VIII. 547

ISHO-ZEKHA, Syriac writer, XXII. 838. ISLE OF PINES, New Caledonia, Pacific, ISPALIS (Seville), Roman town, Spain, ISHPEMING, town, Michigan, U.S.A., XVII. 376.

XXI. 708. XIII. 386.

ISLE OF PORTLAND, Dorset, England, ISRAEL, People of, their history, XIII. ISHTIB, or Istib, town, European Turkey,

XIX. 530.

396 ; V. 707; connexion with BabyXIII. 433.

Isle of Wight, England, xxiv. 561. lon, XIII. 379; in relation to Moab, ISIACORUM PORTUS (Odessa), ancient ISLINGTON, district, London, xiv. 820.

535 ;

their connexion with town, Russia, XVII. 726.

ISMAELITES, or Assassins, Mohammedan Phænicia, xviii. 807; in time of the ISIDORUS HISPALENSIS, or Isidore of sect, II. 722; XVI. 593; XVII. 771. prophets, xix. 815; priesthood in,

Seville, Spanish mediæval writer, XIII. ISMAIL, town, Roumania, XIII. 387. XIX. 727; monotheism of, XXIII. 239; 386; XV. 517; false decretals of, v. khedive of Egypt, VII. 766.

religion of, 111. 634. 17; XIX. 496; his Etymologies, Vili. I., shah of Persia, xvIII. 634.

IN EGYPT, Handel's oratorio, XI. 191.

II., of Persia, XVIII. 637.

435. ISIDORUS MERCATOR, compiler of col- | ISMAILIA, town, on Suez Canal, Egypt, ISSA (Lissa), island, Adriatic Sea, xiv. lection of decretals, V. 17. XIII. 388.

695. ISINGLASS, or Fish Glue, X. 134 ; from , town, Upper Egypt, XIII. 388. ISSACHAR, of Scripture, XIII. 432.

the sturgeon, XXII. 612; adulterations ISMAILIANS, Ismailis, or Assassins, Issik-Kul, lake, Central Asia, XIII. of, 1. 171.

Mohammedan sect, 11. 722; XVI. 587, 432; XXI. 640; XXIII. 633. Isis, Egyptian divinity, VII. 717; festival 593; XVII. 771.

ISSIODURUM (Issoire), ancient town, of, at Busiris, xix. 91.

ISMID, town, Asiatic Turkey, XIII. 388; France, XIII. 432. river, England, XVIII. 93; XXIII. XVII. 490; province, XXIII. 653. ISSOIRE, town, France, XIII. 432; XX.

ISNE (Esneh), town, Egypt, VII. 782; ISKANDARNAMA, or Book of Alexander

ISSOUDUN, town, France, XIII. 433. the Great, Nizami’s poem, XVII. 522; Isnik, town, Asiatic Turkey, XVII. Issus, Asia Minor, Battle of (333 B.C.), XVIII. 657 476,

1. 482; XV. 140; XVIII. 582. ISKANDER, ancient fortress, Merv, Asia, ISNIKMID (Ismid), town, Asiatic Turkey, Issy, Articles of, XI. 343. XVI. 42.

XIII. 388.

ISTÆVONES, ancient Germanic race, X. BEY (Scanderbeg), Albanian ISOBARIC MAPS, showing atmospheric 473 prince, xxi. 365; I. 225, 447; XXIII. pressures, XVI. 139.

ISTAKHR, ancient town, Persia, xvIII. 642.

ISOCRATES, Attic orator, XIII. 388; 560, 607. ISKELIB, town, Asiatic Turkey, XIII. XX. 509; XXII. 265.

ISTALIF, town, Afghanistan, I. 230. 387.

ISOCYANIDES, in chemistry, v. 575. ISTANCHIO, or Stanchio, island, Asia ISKENDER BEG (Scanderbeg), Albanian IsoDULCITE, variety of sugar, xx. 175. Minor, Vi. 444. chief, xxi. 365; XXIII. 642.

ISOETEÆ, group of plants, ix. 107. ISTHMIAN GAMES, XIII. 433; X. 65. ISKIMID (Ismid), town, Asiatic Turkey, Isola, Emma, friend of Charles Lamb, ISTIB, town, European Turkey, XIII. XIII. 388. XIV. 235.

433. ISKURIAH, town, Mingrelia, Russia, XVI. FARNESE, town, Italy, VIII. 634. ISTRIA, district, Austria, XIII. 433. 437

ISOMASTIGODA, order of Protozoa, XIX. ISTRIANORUM PORTUS (Odessa), ancient ISLA, José Francisco de, Spanish satirist, 857

town, Russia, XVII. 726. XIII. 387; XXII. 360.

ISOMERISM, in chemistry, v. 550; xxiv. ISTRIONES, in Roman drama, VII. DE LEON (San Fernando), town, 626.

409. Spain, xxi. 262; longitude reckoned ISOMORPHISM, in minerals, vi. 675; ISTULA (Vistula), river, Russian Poland, from observatory at, XVII. 262. XVI. 379; Mitscherlich's discovery of,

XIX. 307 ISLAM, or Mohammedanism (q.v.), XVI.

ITA, town, Paraguay, XVIII. 244. 553; XXII. 659; sacred banner of, ISOMYA, order of Mollusca, xvi. 685. ITALIA, ancient Italy, XIII. 434, 443. XXIII. 643.

Isonzo, river, Austria and Italy, III. ITALIAN DRAMA, VII. 416. ISLAMABAD, town, Punjab, India, XIII. 117; XIII. 436.

ITALIAN LANGUAGE, XIII. 491; XIV. 387.

ISOPERIMETRICAL FIGURES, of the 340; XVIII. 784; XX. 668; dictionaries Port, or Chittagong, town, Bengal, Bernoulli controversy, III. 605.

of, vii. 186. India, v. 675.

ISOPERIMETRY, Theorems

on,

XV. ITALIAN LITERATURE, XIII. 498. Islay, island, Scotland, XIII. 387.

643.

ITALIAN MOUNTAIN, Colorado, U.S.A., town, Peru, XVIII. 674. ISOPHTHALIC ACID, XVIII. 855.

VI. 161. ISLEBIA (Eisleben), ancient town, Ger- ISOPLEURA, subclass of Mollusca, XVI. ITALIOTES, Greek settlers in ancient many, VII. 791. 641.

Italy, XI. 30. ISLE-DE-FRANCE, old district of France, ISOPODA, group of crustaceans, Vi. 658. ITALY, XIII. 434 (including topography, XII. 702.

ISOPRENE, hydrocarbon oil, xii. 840. 434; statistics, 448; history, 467; ISLEMNIYE (Sliven), town, East ISOTHERMAL EXPANSION, of gases, language, 491; literature, 498; with Roumelia, XXII. 160. XXII. 481, 485.

index, 516); the Carbonari in, v. 88; ISLENDINGA, Sturla's work, XII. 625. ISOTHERMAL LINES, in meteorology, French expedition to, under Charles ISLE OF FRANCE (Mauritius), Indian XVI. 133, 135; XIX. 244; Humboldt's VIII., 1X. 554; Guelfs and Ghibellines Ocean, xv. 639. delineation of, XII. 344.

in, XI. 244; Metternich's policy toISLE OF MAN, England, xv. 450; early ISOTROPY, VII. 804; magnetic, xv. wards, XVI. 200; Napoleon's camIrish invasion of, XIII. 247; newspapers 243.

paigns in (1795-7), 1x. 609; XVII. 196; of, xvII. 423.

ISOTTA DEGLIA ATTI, mistress of invaded by Napoleon III., IX. 624; ISLE OF PALMS, Wilson's poem, xxiv. Sigismondo of Rimini, xx. 557. revival of learning in, xx. 384; con592.

ISPAHAN, town, Persia, XIII. 393; XVIII. quest of, by Rome, xx. 739; connexion ISLE OF PINES, Cuba, Atlantic, VI. 627, 628; bridge at, IV. 332; mosques, of Spain with, XXII. 322, 327; struggles 679. XVI. 866.

for unity, V. 276; academies in, 1. 70;

XVI. 531.

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