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HURTADO, Luis, Spanish poet, XX. 656. HURUL, Chronicle of, Roumania, XXI. 16. HUS, or Huss (q.v.), John, XII. 404. HUSAIN, shah of Persia, XVIII. 639. _ Миша, shah of Persia, XVIII. 632.

HUsBAND AND WIFE, Law relating to, .

хп. 400; XV. 565; divorce of, VII. 300; XXIV. 637; as witnesses, XXIV. 624.

HUSIIANDMEN, XIV. 166.

HUsaANDRY, Book of, штатива, 1. 295.

HUsCII, town, Moldavia, XII. 402.

HUSEIN, or Hosain (q.v.), hero of a Moslem passion play, XI. 508; XVIII. 660.

HUsEYN PAsIIA, Turkish vizier, XXIII. 646.

HUSIIIARPUR, district, India, XII. 402 ; XX. 109; town, XII. 403. ~

HUSI (Husch), town, Moldavia, XII. 402.

HUSKISSON, lVilliam, English statesman and financier: XII. 403.

HUSS, or Hus, John, Bohemian Reformer, XII. 404; Xx. 322; his association With Jerome of Prague, XIII. 631.

HUSSARS, cavalry, V. 262.

HUSSEIN BOUSIIREVIEII, Persian Babist, III. 180.

HUSSEY, T. J., his observatory at Hayes, England, XVII. 711.

HUssIIIEL, Rabbi, Talmndist, XXIII. 39.

HUSSINECZ, town, Bohemia, XII. 404.

HUssITEs, religious Reformers, XII. 407 ; XX. 321. '

HUssIrE WAR, III. 860; x. 495; X11. 407.

низом, town, Schleswig-Holstein, XII. 408.

HUSZT, town, Hungary, XII. 408.

HUTCIIESON, Francis, Irish philosopher, XII. 408; on the sense of beauty, I. 221; his ethical system, VIII. 601; his place in English literaturc, VIII. 431.

HUTCHINSON, John, English physicist, XII. 411.

_, Colonel John, Puritan soldier, XII. 411.

_, Thomas, governor of Massachusetts, U.S.A., XII. 412.

HUT DwELLINCs, Cornwall, England, VI. 427.

HUTIA, rat-like animal, Cuba., VI. 680.

HUTTEN, Ulrich Von, German humanist, XII. 412; X. 498, 528; his visit to Rome, XX. 325.

HUTTON, Charles, English mathematician, XII. 414; on the invention of logarithme, XVII. 181 ; his mathematical tables, XXIII. II.

——, James, geologist, XII. 414.

HUXI-IAM, John, English physician, XV. 815.

HUXLEY, Thomas Henry, on bixds, XVIII. 34; his types of Inankind, 11. I I 3; on natural selection, XXIV. 79; on the classification of reptiles, хх. 437; his zoological classification, XXIV. 809.

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HUY, town, Belgium, XII. 415.

HUYGENS, Christiaan, Dutch mathematician and physicist, XII. 415; his air-pump improvements, XIX. 246; as astronomer, II. 755; his controversy with Hooke, XII. 149; 011 the law of magnetic action, XV. 236; his micrometer, XVI. 242; his telescopes, XXIII. 136; on the undulatory theory of light, XIV. 604, 610; on the plurality of worlds, II. 740.

--—, Sir Constantijn, Dutch poet and diplomatist, XII. 417, 95.

HUYSMANN Rosnor (Agricola), scholar, 1. 290.

HUYsMANs, family of Flemish painters, X11. 417.

HUYSUM, Jan van, Dutch paint-er, XII. 418.

Ними, district, India, XI. 546; XX. 109.

HUzAYA, Joseph, Syriac writer, XXII. 836.

HVALÖER, islands, Norway, XVII. 576.

НЮАНС-НО, or Hoang-ho, river, China, V. 630; XVIII. 117; ххш. 339.

HwnN T’sANG, Chinese traveller and writer, XII. 418; XVIII. 101; in India, XII. 78 5.

HWICCAs, ancient tribe, England, XXIV. 666.

HYACINTII, garden plant, XII. 419, 256.

_, precious stone, XIII. 532.

HYACINTHE, Father (Hyacinthe Loyson), theologian, XVII. 754.

———, René Théophile, French physician, XV. 816.

HYACINTIIIA, festival, at Sparta, II. 186.

HYACINTIIUS, of Greek mythology, XII. 420; II. 186.

HYADES, in mythology, XII. 420.

HYIENA, carnivorous mammal, XII. 420; XV. 437.

HYYENODON, fossil carnivorous mammal, XV. 442.

HYALINœCIA TUBICOLA,
Annelida, II. 67.

l-IVALITE, mineral, XVI. 390.

HYALOPIIANE, mineral, XVI. 420.

IIYALosIDsRITE, mineral, XVI. 410.

HYAIIIIA, town, метель, Greece, XVI. 53

HYBERNATION, or Hibernation (q.v.), XI. 787.

HYBIX, ancient towns, Sicily, XII. 421.

HYBRID ANIMALS, XII. 425.

HYBRIDISM, XII. 422.

HYBRID PLANTS, XII. 216, 423.

HYDAI-I, people, North America, XII. 826.

HYDASPES (Jhclum), river, India, XIV. Io; reached by Alexander, I. 484.

HYDE, town, England, XII. 426.

_, Anne, wife of James, duke of York (James II. of England), V. 806; XIII. 559

species of

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HYDE, Edward, first earl of Clarendon, V. 804.

——, Thomas, English Orientalist, XII. 426.

—- PARK, London, XIV. 824.

HVDER, or Haidar, Sheikh, ruler of Persia., XVIII. 634.

HYDERABAD, territory, Central India, XII. 428; town, XII. 429.

, district, Sind, India, XII. 429; town, XII. 430.

HVDER ALI, Mohammedan leader in India, XII. 427, 803; XVII. 124.

HYDRA, island and town, Greece, X11. 430

——‚ genus of Hydrozoa, XII. 547.

HYDRACHNIDES, family of Arachnida, 11. 276.

HYDRACRYLIC ACID, XIV. 197.

HYDRADEPIIAGA, group of beetles, VI. 130.

HYDRANGEA, greenhouse plant, XII. 431, 262.

HVDRARGILLITE., mineral, XVI. 388.

HYDRARCYRUM (Mercury), metal and chemical element, XVI. 31.

HYDRATE 0F CHLORAI, XVII. 232.

HYDRATES, in metallurgy, XVI. 61.

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HYDRAULIC LIFT, XII. 520; XIV. 574

HYDRAULIC PRESS, XV. 753; invention of, IV. 213.

HYDRAULIC RAM, Montgolfìeŕs, IV. 173.

HYDRAULICS, practical hydrodynamics, XII. 435, 459; Papin’s inventions in, XVIII. 229; топ-1411112 discoveries in, XXIII. 453.

HI'DRAZINES, nitrogenous carbon coinpounds, XVII. 519.

HYDRIA, ancient Greek vase, XIX. 614.

HYDRIDES, in chemistry, V. 476, 544.

HYDROBORACITE, mineral, XVI. 396.

I-IYDRoCARBoNs, in chemistry, v. 556; XVIII. 237.

HVDRocePIIALUs, disease, XII. 431; XVI. 763.

HYDRocnsLIDoN, genus of binls, XXIII. 189.

HYDRocHLoRIc ACID,V. 678; as poison, XIX. 279.

HVDROCORALLINAE, order of Hydrozoa, X11. 563.

HYDROCYAN­IC ACID, XX. 22; from the cherry laurel, XIV. 348; as poison, XIX. 278.

HYDRODYNAMICS, XII. 435, 445; XIX. 241; place of, among the sciences, XIX. 2; D. Bernoulli’s work on, III. 606; PascaPs discoveries in, XVIII. 338.

HVDRODVNAMOMETER, for measuring velocity of liquids, XII. 508.

HYDROGEN, chemical element, XII. 433; V. 478; used for balloons, I. 188; determination of, V. 544; 111 iron, XIII. 284; peroxide of, discovered by Thénard, XXIII. 252 ; as plant food, XIX. 48; spectrum of, XXII. 375 ; thermometric properties of, XI. 574. HYDROGENS, Phosphuretted, XVIII. 8 I 7. HVDROGRAPHIC DEPARTMENT, of the

British Admiralty, XVII. 262. HYDROXINETER, for steam boilers, XXII. 5оо. HYDROMAGNESITE, mineral, хш. 399. Ншкомнснмчюз, Science of, XII.

43 5Нувкомввпзлз, subclass of Hydrozoa,

XII. 559. HVDROMEL, fermented drink from honey, XII. 137.

_Ну1жомвт1ак, for determining densi

ties, XII. 536.

HYDROPARASTATIE, or Aquarians, early Christian sect, II. 217.

HYDROPATHY, system of medical treatment, XII. 542; III. 438, 44o.

HVDROPHANE, mineral, хш. 390.

Ншкогшшв, family of snakes, XXII. 193» I97

HVDROPHITE, mineral, XVI. 415.

HYDROPHOBIA, disease, XII. 545; XX. 199.

HYDROPHYTA, order of plants, I. 507.

HvDRoRHAcIIIs, bodily deformity, XVI. 763. .

HvDRosTATIc PARADOX, as basis for perpetual motion, XVIII. 5 54.

HYDRosTATIcs, XII. 435, 44o; place of, among the sciences, XIX. 2; figure of the earth as a problem in, vII. боо.

HYDROTALCITE, mineral, хш. 388.

HvDRoTRoPIsM, in plants, XIX. 60.

HvDRoXIDEs, in chemistry, v. 48 5.

HYDRozINcITE, mineral, хш. 399.

HVDRozoA, division of animal kingdom, XII. 547.

HVDRUNTUM, or Hydrus (Otranto), ancient Greek town, Italy, XVIII. 68. HYÈRES, town, France, XII. 565; popula

tion, XXIV. 69. HvEToMETER, rain gauge, xx. 256. HVETOMETROGRAPI-I, Hermanns, xx. 257. HVGIENE, XII. 566; naval, xvII. 297. HYGINUS, Caius Julius, Roman aut-hor,

XII. 569.

-— GROMATICUS, writer on surveying, XII. 569.

HYGROMETER, Amonton’s, I. 746;

Deluc’s, VII. 54; Saussure’s, VII. 54; XXI. 324. HYGROMETRV, measurement of humidity, XII. 569; of atmosphere, III. 32. HVGROPIIILITE, mineral, хш. 425. HvXsos, shepherd kings, Egypt, VII. 735» HVLACTES, genus of birds, XXIII. 49.

H YLOBATES, genus of apes, 11. 150. HvLozoIsM, Stoic doctrine of, XXII. 563. n

HYMEN, in Greek legend, XII. 57I. HYMENzeUs, in Greek legend, XII. 571.

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HVMENIUM, in reproductive system of lichens, хш. 554.

HVMENOMVCETES, suborder of Fungi, IX. 832; XXIV. 127; as parasites, XVIII. 267.

HYMENOPTERA, order of insects, XII. 571; 11.94; XIII. 148.

HYMETTUS, mountain, Greece, III. 58; honey of, XII. 138.

HVIINs, XII. 577; musical history of, XVII. 85; Assyrian, III. 191.

HY NEILL, early Irish dynasty, XIII. 25o.

HvoID BONE, Anatomy of the, I. 825.

HVoscvAIIIINE, vegetable alkaloid, XI. 651.

Нуозсумшз, genus of plants, XI. 650; XVII. 231. .

Нурщтнкоз, in architecture, II. 466.

Н YPATIA of Alexandria, Pagan martyr, XII. 596; XVII. 337; her scientific treatiscs, I. 511; her death attributed to Cyril, VI. 751.

—-—-, C. Kingsley’s novel, XIV. 89.

HVPERIEMIA, disease, XIII. Ioo.

HVPERIIOLA, in geometry, 111. 278; X. 398 ; тенты-1111011 of, XVI. 20.

HVPERBOLIC ANTILoGARITHIIs,Tables of, XXIII. I4.

HvPERIIoLIc LOGARITHIIS, Tables of, XXIII. 12.

HvrERßoLIc TRIGONOMETRV, XXIII. 570

HVPERBOLOID, Mensuration of the, хш. 27.

HvrERGEUsIA, disease, XXIII. 80.

HVPERIDES, Attic orator, XII. 596;

ancient MS. of, XVIII. I46.

HvPEIIIDRosIs, skin disease, XXII. 120.

HvPERIoN, наметив work, XII. 58.

——, Keats’s poem, XIV. 23.

__, Longfellow’s work, XIV. 860. '

HYPERIIIETROPIA, defect of the eye, VIII. 82o; XvII. 785; spectacles for, XXII. 372.

HVPEROODON, genus of Cetacea, Xv. 396; XXIV. 525.

HYPERPARasITIsM, XVIII. 261.

HYPERPVREXIA, disease, XX. 517.

HVPERSTIIENE, mineral, XVI. 415.

HVPERTROPIIY, abnormal increase of bodily organs, XII. 597; XXII. 687.

HYPH/E, cells of Fungi, IX. 827.

HvPIIrENE, genus of palms, XVIII. 190. HVrIIAsIs (Sutlej), eastern limit

reached by Alexander, I. 484. HVPHEAR, parasitic plant, хш. 527. Нурыозм, disease, XXII. 157. HVPNOTICS, narcotic drugs, XvII. 23o. HYrNoTIsM, II. 205; Xv. 277; among

the Greeks, II. 505.

HVPOBLAST, in animal development, II.

5I; vIII. 746; XXII. Ioó. HVPocAUsT, Roman stove, XXII. 579.

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HVrocIIoNDRIAsIs, disease, XII. 598.

HVPODERMA, in vegetable histology, XII. 18.

HVPoDERMI/E, order of Fungi, IX. 83I.

HVPOGENE ACTION, in geology, X. 240.

HVPoGEoMvs, genus of rodent mammals, XVII. 6.

HVPoGEUsIA, disease, XXIII. 80.

HYPoLAIs, genus of birds, XXIV. 553.

HVPoMEsUs, genus of fishes, XXI. 221, 224.

HVPONITROUS ACID, v. 514.

HYPosTAsIANIsM, early Christian dógma, XVI. 719.

HYPOSTILBITE, mineral, хш. 422.

HVPOTHEC, in law, XII. 598; Xx. 403; its effects on agriculture, I. 407.

HYPOTHECIUM, in reproductive system of lichens, XIV. 5 54.

HVPOTRICHA, order of Protozoa, XIX. 863.

HvPoTYrosEs, Clement of A1exandria’s work, V. 820.

HVPOXANTHITE, mineral, хш. 425.

HVPOZOA, or Protozoa (gna), Skeletal structures of, XXII. Io6.

HVPSILANTES, or Hypsilanti, Alexander, modern Greek leader, XI. 125; ххш. 649.

HYPSIPRYMNODON, genus of marsupial mammals, XIII. 84I.

HYPSIPRYMNUS, genus of marsupial mammals, XIII. 840.

HYPSIPYLE, of Greek legend, хш. 437

HYPSOMETER, boiling-point thermometer, XXIII. 292.

HVrsoMETRY, determinations of height, In surveying, XXII. 713.

HVRACODON, extinct ungulate mammal, Xv. 428; XX. 523.

HYRACQIDEA, suborder of “пешие mammals, XV. 422.

HVRAX, genus of ungulate mammals,

XII. 598; Xv. 423.

HYRCANIA, province, “festem Asia, XII. 599; XvIII. 586, 588, 592, 603. HYRCANUS, John, I.-lI., Jewish high

priests, XII. 599; XIII. 423.

HVsMINE AND HvsMINIAs, Greek romance, хх. 636.

HYsoN, variety of tea, XXIII. 99.

Hvssor, plant, XII. 599, 289.

HVSTERECTOMV, in surgery, XXII.

691.

HVSTERIA, disease, XII. óoo; XIII. IoI, 108.

HvsTERo-EPILEPSV, disease, XII. 601.

HvsTRIcoMoRPIIA, HYSTRICIDE, section and family of rodent mammals, Xv. 420.

HvsTRIX, genus of rodent mammals, XII. 416; XIX. 5I8.

HYTIIE, town, England, XII. 601; XIv. 39; school of musketry at, II. 586.

I the ninth letter of the alphabet, XII. ? 602.

IALYSUS, hero of Rhodes, Protogenes’s picture of, XIX. 828.

_, town, Rhodes, XX. 526.

IAMBIC VERsE, Greek, х1. 139.

IAMBLICHUS, Syrian Neoplatonist, X11. 602; xvii. 337.

_, Greek novelist, xx. 634.

IAPYGIAN LANGUAGE, xiv. 327.

IAPvGiANs, early Italian race, xiii. 443.

IASITIIEUS (Raphael Fabretti), Italian antiquary, VIII. 840.

IATRo-PHYSICAL SCHOOLS, of medicine, xv. 810.

IAvOiiAiXA, mountain, Madagascar, xv. 168.

IBADAN, town, West Africa, xii. 604; xxiv. 754.

IBARRA, town, Ecuador, xii. 604.

IBAs, Syriac writer, xxii. 829.

IBERiA, ancient Spain, xxii. 304.

IBERiANs, race of people, Spain, xii. 604; 1х. 527.

IBERUS (Ebro), river, Spain, vii. 619.

IBEX, ungulate mammal, XII. 605; I. 633; XV. 432.

IBIRIPITANGA, Brazil wood, iv. 226.

IBis, bird, xii. 606.

IBN ABDALHAKAM, xxiii. 3, 5.

IBN ABDALLAI-I, founder of the Almohades, I. 593. IBN ABD RABBiiii, writer, XXIII. 4. IBN ABI AMIR (Almanzor), sovereign of Cordova, xv. 500; xxii. 314.

IBN ABi OsAiBivA, xvi. 596; xxiii. 5.

IBN ADHARI, Arab historian, XXIII. 5.

IBN AL-ARAB1, Arab philologist and historian, XXIII. 3.

IBN AL-A5HATH, pretender to the caliphate, XVI. 572.

IBN AL-ATmR, Arab historian, xxiii. 4.

IBN AL-JAUZI, Arab historical writer, xxiii. 4.

IBN AL-WARDi, Arab historian, xxiii.

Arab historian,

Arab historical

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IBN JUNIS (Ibn Yunus), Arabian astronomer, 11. 751.

IBN juzAi, Mohammed, editor of Ibn Batuta’s travels, xii. 608.

IBN KEMAL, Turkish writer, xxiii. 656.

IBN KHALDOUN, Arab historian and poet, XII. 609; XXIII. 5.

IBN KHALLixAN, Arab writer, xii. 609; ххш. 5.

IBN KiiiDAsii, Arab historian, xxiii. 3.

IBN KiioRDADi-IBEH, author of Arabic itinerary, XVI. 596.

IBN KoTAiBA, Arab historian, xvi. 596; ххш. 3.

IBN MAsUD, editor of the Koran, xvi. 605.

IBN MOKAFFA, translator of Kalilali and Dimnah, iii. 666; xviii. 134.

IBN NisHATi, Urdu writer, xi. 848.

IBN ROSHD (Averroes, q.v.), Arab philosopher and physician, III. 149.

IBN SAUD, Wahhabite prince of Arabia, xvii. 774.

IBN SniriNA, Arab historian, xxiii. 5.

IBN SINA (Avicenna, 11.11.), Arab philosophei' and physician, III. 152.

IBN SJEDDAD (Bohaddin), writer and statesman, 111. 859.

IBN T01­`A1L(Abubacer), Spanish Moslem philosopher, II. 269.

IBN VVADIII, or Yakubi. Arab historian, ххш. 3.

IBN ZOBAIR, Abdallah, pseudo-Caliph, xvi. 568, 570.

IBN ZOHR (Avenzoar), Arab physician, iii. 145; xv. 805.

IBO, district, West Africa, xii. 610.

_, town, Mozambique, Africa, xvii. 7.

_ GROUP, of Negroes, Africa, xvii. 319.

IBRAiiiM, caliph, xvi. 576.

_, Turkish sultan, xxiii. 645.

Нить, seijuk ruler, xxi. 634. ‚

_ PASI-IA, Viceroy of Egypt, XII. 610; VII. 764; XXIII. 650; his conquest of thc Arabs, II. 261.

IBRAiLA, town, Roumanie, xii. 610.

IBSEN, Henrik, Norwegian dramatist and poet, XVII. 591.

[во (Ibo), district, West Africa, XII. 610.

IBvcUs, Greek poet, x11. 611.

ICA, town, Peru, X11. 61 i.

IçA, river, South America, VI. 153.

ICARiA, genus of insects, ххш. 392.

ICCIODURUM (Issoire), ancient town, France, хш. 432.

ICE, X11. 611; geological action of, X. 280, 281, 366; strength of, vii. 816; formation of, in Baltic Sea, III. 295; in Polar Regions, XIX. 328, 330; used for preserving provisions, 1х. 244; х1х. 709.

ICEBERG, xii. 614; in Polar Regions, xix. 328, 330.

ICE-HOUSE, xii. 615.

ICELAND, xii. 616; vii. 83; discovery of, xxiii. 328; birds of, xviii. 17;

Arabian

church, VIII. 491; geysers, X. 557; language, XII. 627; XXI. 368; libraries, xiv. 549; literature, xii. 621; vii. 649; XXII. 201; newspapers, XVII. 43o; periodical literature, xviii. 543.

ICELANDIC LANGUAGE, x11. 627; XXI. 368; dictionaries of, VII. 186.

ICELANDiC LITERATURE, xii. 621; vii. 649; ххп. 201.

ICELAND Moss, lichen, xii. 628; xiv. 560.

ICELAND SPAR, mineral, iv. 653; xv. 217; xvi. 397, 419; refraction of light by, xiv. 609.

I-CiiANG, town, China, xii. 628.

ICH Швы, motto, its origin, vi. 557.

ICHNEUMON, carnivorous mammal, xii. 629; xv. 436.

IcHNEUMON-FLY, parasitic insect, xii. 629, 576­

ICHTHYOLOGY, xii. 630; palœontological, Agassiz’s researches in, I. 275.

ICHTHYOPTERYGIA, order of fossil reptiles, XX. 442.

ICHTHYosAURUs, extinct reptile, xii.

5.

IciiTi-ivosis, skin disease, xxii. 121.

ICILIUS, Karl G. G. von Quintus, his magnetic experiments, xv. 254.

ICKNIELD STREET (Via Iceniana), Roman road, England, VII. 372 ; Roman remains on, XVIII. 94.

ICOD DE Los ViNos, town, Canary Islands, iv. 799.

ICOLMKILL (Iona), island, Scotland, xiii. 203.

ICONIUM (Konieh), ancient town, Asia Minor, XV. 12.

ICONOCLASM, ICONOCLASTS, x11. 711; X1. 114; XIV. 453.

ICONOGRAPHY, classification of engraved prints, V111. 445.

ICosAiiEDRoN, in geometry, x. 388.

ICOSIUM (Algiers), ancient town, North Africa, xv. 637.

ICTERUs, genus of birds, xii. 696.

_, disease, xiii. 598.

ICTINUS, Greek architect, II. 359.

ICULISMA (Angoulême), ancient town, France, II. 46.

IDA, king of Bernicia, England, XVII. 569

—‚ mountain, Crete, VI. 569.

_, mountains, Asia Minor, XXIII. 578

IDAHO, Territory, U.S.A., XII. 697 ; population, XXIII. 802.

IDALIUM, Cyprus, Antiquities at, v1. 750'

IDANTiivRsUs, Scythian king, xxi. 576’ 577

IDDAH, town, West Africa, xvii. 497.

IDEA, The World as Will and, Schopenhauens work, XXI. 450.

IDEALisM, Berkeley’s, 111. 591; HegePs, х1. 618; Кащ’з, хш. 850; Schopenhaueŕs, XXI. 457; Spinoza’s, v. 152.

IDEALITY, in phrcnology, XVIII. 84 5.

IDEALIzATIoN, in the fine arts, IX. 210.

IDEAS, Platds doctrine of, XIV. 785; XIX. 205; Philds, XVIII. 761; Xenocratesŕs, XXIV. 7I8.

——, Association of, II. 730; VII. 458; VIII. 607; XX. 60; Thomas Brown on, 1V. 388; Hartley on, х1. 498.

_, Innate, XVI. 91; Descartes on, V. 146; Leibnitz on, XIV. 422; Locke on, XIV. 758.

IDEATION, in psychology, XX. 58, 69, 76.

IDEES NAPOLEONIENNES, treatise by Louis Napoleon, XVII. 227.

IDENSALMI, town, Finland, XXIV. 209.

IDENTITY, Mental perception of, XX. 80; idea of, in metaphysic, XVI. 83; principle of, Condillac on the, VI. 250

IDEOGRAMS, or Ideographs, hieroglyphics, I. 603; XIII. II4.

IDEoLoGV, De Tracy’s, XXIII. 497.

IDERO (Hydra), island, Greece, XII. 430

IDES, in Roman calendar, IV. 665.

IDIocV, form of insanity, XIII. 97.

IDIOT BOY, The, тол-(150011185 ballad, XXIV. 670.

IDIoTs, Weights of brain of, I. 880.

IDLE, tomi, England, XII. 698.

——, river, England, XVII. 598.

1DLER, The, by Johnson, XIII. 724.

IDOCRASE, mineral, XVI. 410.

IDOLA, or Classes of Error, enumerated hy Bacon, III. 212.

IDOLATRV, XII. 698, 71о; condemned in the Koran, XVI. 599.

IDoMENEo, RE DI CRETA, opera by Mozart, XVII. Io.

IDRIA, town, Austria, XII. 699; quicksilver mines of, III. 120.

IDRIALINE, mineral wax, XVIII. II 3.

IDRIALITE, mineral, XVI. 429.

IDRISI (Edrisi), Arabian geographer, VII. 669; х. 177

IDUMEA, district, south of Palestine, XII.

IDUTWI'A RESERVE, South Africa, XIII. 817.

IDVI., in literature, XVIII. 345.

IERAPETRA, town, Crete, VI. 572.

[FFL/IND, August Wilhelm, German dramatist, XII. 699.

IFFLEY, Oxfordshire, England, Church at, XVIII. 94.

IGBO (Ibo), district, West Africa, XII. 610.

IGIDI, plateau, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 149.

IGLAU, town, Moravia, XII. 7оо.

IGLESIAS, town, Sardinia, XII. 700; XXI. 309.

IGLO, town, Hungary, XII. 7оо.

IGNATIUS, early Christian writer, II. 196; on the Gospels, X. 815, 822; his letters, XIX. 489; Cureton’s edition of them, VI. 710; his relations with

Polycarp, XIX. 414.

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IGNATIUS, patriarch of Constantinople, XVIII. 819 ; supported by Pope Nicholas I., XVII. 483.

lGNEoUs ROCKS, in geology, X. 307.

IGNIS FATUUS, or Will-o’­tlIe-Wisp, XVIII. 813.

IGNORANTINES, French brotherhood, XII. 700.

IGOLOTES, or Igorrotes, race, Philippine Islands, XVIII. 753.

IGOR, Russian chief, XXI. 87, 104.

IGORROTES, 0r Igolotes, race, Philippine Islands, XVIII. 753.

IGUALADA, town, Spain, XII. 700.

IGUANA, lizard, xII. 700; XIV. 735.

IGUANODON, fossil reptile, XII. 701 ; XX. 442.

IGUVINE (or EUGUBINE) TABLES, VIII. 663.

IGUVIUM (Gubbio), ancient town, Italy, XI. 243; ххш. 724.

1Н1ВНА, or Denha, Syriac Writer, XXII. 848.

IHRE, Johan, Swedish philologist, XI. zoo; XXII. 755.

IRAN PRUT, fish, Java, XIII. 606.

IKI, island, Japan, XIII. 569.

IKIRUN, town, West Africa, XXIV.

religious

754.

IKUVIO (Gubbio), ancient town, Italy, XI. 243.

111А(1Че\1г Kuldja.), town, Central Asia, XIV. I 54.

ILATS, or Iliyats, Turcoman tribes in Persia, XVIII. 627; XXIII. 661.

ILCIIESTER, town, England, XII. 702.

ÍLE-DE-FRANCE, district, France, XII. 702.

ILERDA (Lerida), Roman town, Spain, XIV. 47o.

ILESIIA, town, West Africa, XXIV. 754

ILEUM, or Small Intestine, Anatomy of the, VII. 226; XVII. 668.

ILEX, genus of trees, XII. 101; XV. 627; XVII. 694.

ILrRAcoMsE, town, England, XII. 702.

lLI-IAVO, town, Portugal, XII. 702.

ILI, river, Central Asia, XII. 702; XXI. 640.

ILIAD, Homeric poem, X1. 137; XII. 117; Quintus Smyrnœuss continuation, XX. 188; ancient MSS. of, XVIII. 146; Earl Derby’s translation of, VII. II2.

ILIcI (Elche), ancient town, Spain, VII. 827.

ILIGI-I, town, Morocco, XVI. 8 34.

ILINIZA, Inountain, Ecuador, VII. 64 5.

ILION, or Troy, ancient town, Asia Minor, XXIII. 579.

ILIPULA (Loja),a.ncient town,Spain, XIV. 810.

ILIssUs, river, Greece, III. 60; XI. 82.

ILIUM, or Troy, ancient town, Asia Minor, XXIII. 579; coins of, XVII. 646.

_, or Haunch-Bone, Anatomy of the, 1. 828.

[graphic]

ILIYATS, Turcoman tribes in Persia, XVIII. 627; XXIII. 661.

ILXEsToN, town, England, XII. 703; XVII. 598.

ILXHANS, Mongol empire of the, XVI. 742.

ILXI-IANV, Tables of the, Mongol astronomical work, X. 178.

ILL, river, Germany, XX. 519.

lLLAwARRA, lake, New South Wales, XVII. 408.

ILLE-ET-VILAINE, department, France, XII. 703.

ILLEGITIMACY, in law, III. 426; statistics of, III. 427.

ILLIGER,Johann K. W., on birds, XVIII. 14, 22.

ILLINOIS, State, U.S.A., XII. 703; population, XXIII. 802.

ILLORICATA, division of Rotifera, XXI. 8.

ILLUIIINANTS, for lighthouses, XIV. 626.

ILLUMINATED BORDERS,
XXIII. 696.

ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPTS, V1. 451;
XII. 7о7.

ILLUMINATI, mystic sects, X11. 706.

ILLUMINATION, by flame, IX. 282; intensity of, XIV. 582 ; of lighthouses, XIV. 618.

—-, of written or printed texts, XII. 707; XVI. 437; ххш. 682.

_, The, or Aufklärung, in Germany, XX. 289.

ILLUMINATOR, St Gregory, X1. 179.

ILLUMINÉS, French mystic sect, XII. 706.

ILLUNUM (Hellín), ancient town, Spain, XI. 637.

ILLUSIONS, in magic, XV. 207; optical, II. 205.

ILLUSTRATED NEWSPAPERS, XVII. 419.

ILLVRIA, or Illyricurn, country, Eastern Europe, XII. 709; invasion of, by Rome, XX. 748; coins of, XVII. 641.

ILLYRICUM, country, Eastern Europe, XII. 709.

ILMEN, Lake, Russia, XVII. 606; хх. 35; XXI- 73—

ILMENAU, town, Germany, XXI. 349.

ILMENITE, mineral, XVI. 386; polarity of, XIX. 313.

ILOBU, town, West Africa, XXIV. 754.

ILoILo, town, Philippine Islands, XVIII. 752

ILOPANGO, lake, Central America, XXI. 268.

ILORI, or Ilorin, town, West Africa, XII. 710; XXIV. 754.

ILoVLA, river, Russia, XXI. 304.

ILTCHI, town, Turkestan, XXIII. 639.

ILURO (Oloron), ancient town, France, XVII. 765.

lLzsTADT, suburb of Passau, Bavaria, XVIII. 344.

of books, IMAGE, on the retina, V111. 817.

_ BOOKS, or Block Books, III. 652; XXIII. 682.

IMAGES, Mental, XX. 58.

IMAGE WORSHIP, XII. 710.

IMAGINARIES, Theory of, in equations, VIII. 501.

IMAGINATION, in psychology, хх. 57; in the Iine arts, IX. 210; poetic, XIX. 263; productive, Kant on, XIII. 852; Gassendïs theory of, X. 106; Spinoza on, V. I 53 ; Wordsworth’s theory, XXIV. 672.

IMAGINES, work by Philostratus, XVIII. 797

_, work by Varro, XXIV. 93.

IMAGO, fully developed butterfly, IV.

94

IMAM, Mohammedan priest, XII. 714; XVI. 592; XIX. 730; ххп. 662.

1мАмвА‚ snake, in Natal, XVII. 241.

IMANDRA, lake, Russian Lapland, XIV. 305.

IMAUS, Northern, of Ptolemy, Pamìr plateau, XVIII. 102.

IMBABURA, mountain, Ecuador, V11. 644.

IMBECILITY, modification of idiocy, хш. 97

IMBRA, deity of Afghan Kaûrs, XIII. 822.

lMBRos, island, ¿Egean Sea, XII. 714.

IMERINA, district, Madagascar, XV. 168.

IMERITIA, district, Transcaucasia, Russia, X11. 715; XXIII. 513.

IMERITIANS, race of people, Caucasus, V. 2 57.

IMHOTEP, Egyptian divinity, VII. 718.

IMITATIO CIIRISTI, the question of its authorship, XIV. 32.

IMITATION, in line art, IX. 2oz.

_, a basis 0f language, XVIII. 767.

IMI'rA'rIVENEss, in phrenology, XVIII. 845.

IMLAY, Captain Gilbert, his relations with Mary Wollstonecraft, X. 716.

IMMA, wife of Eginhard, VII. 698.

IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF B. V. MARY, Roman Catholic dogma., XII. 715; XV. 590; XVII. 754; at the council of Trent, XXIII. 546; declaration of, as article of faith, XIX. 159; Duns Scotus’s defence of, VII. 545.

IMMANES, order of birds, XVIII. 44.

IMMERMANN, Karl Leberecht, German dramatist, XII. 716; x. 543.

IMMERsIONs, Long, by
XXII. 771.

IMMIGRATION, at New York, XVII. 460.

1ММОКТАЫТУ OF TI-IE SOUL, VIII. 535; Aristotle on, II. 522; Butler on, IV. 584; Plato on, XIX. 199; Augustine’s work on, III. 77.

IMMORTELLE, plant, XII. 716.

IMMRAMS, class of Irish legends, V. 310.

IMMUNITIEs, Ecclesiastical, Church of Rome, XX. 63o.

IMMUNITY, in law, XIX. 764.

swimmers,

IMOLA, town, Italy, XII. 717.

IMPACT, in mechanics, XV. 719.

IMPASTING, in painting, XVIII. 138.

IMPEACIIMENT, in law, XII. 717; by English parliament, VIII. 319; of peers, XVIII. 313.

IMPENETRABILITV, psychology, XX. 56.

IMPENNES, group of birds, XVIII. 45.

IMPERATOR, Roman title, 111. 80; VIII. I79; XX. 769.

IMPERFORATA, subclass of Protozoa, XIX. 845.

IMPERIAL, Francisco, Spanish poet, XXII. 355.

_ CITIES, of Germany, IX. 747.

IMPETIGO, skin disease, XXII. 123.

lMrLEMENTs, of husbandry, I. 311.

IMPORTS, National, Table of, per head, XVII. 247; taxes on, XXIII. 89.

IMPOST, in architecture, 11. 466.

IMPOTENCE, in man, Xv. 778; XXI. 576.

IMPREGNATION, of отит, хх. 417.

IMPRESSIONS, Mental, XX. 57; Hume on, XII. 352.

IMPREssMEN'r, of English labourers, XIV. 167; for the navy, XVII. 295; XXI. 605.

IMrRIsONMENT, XIX. 747.

IMPROVEIIIENTS OF LAND, Law relating to, XIV. 275, 277.

IMvRo (Imbros), island, ¿Egean Sea, XII. 714.

INACCI-:ssIaLE ISLAND, South Atlantic, XXIII. 576.

INARA, lake, Russian Lapland, XIV. 305.

INARIME (Ischia), island, Italy, XIII. 38 5.

INARUs, Egyptian prince, XVIII. 574.

ШсАммшАп, Italian academy of painting, V. 81.

INCANDESCENCE, as a source of light, XIV. 579.

INCANDESCENT ELECTRIC LAMP, XIV. 632.

INCXNTATIONS, ltlagioil, XV. 199; VII. 63.

INCA REMAINS, Ecuador, VII. 648.

INCARNATION, Doctrine of the, XIII. 670; Athanasius on, II. 828; Nestorius on, XVII. 356; Theodore on, XXIII. 255.

INCAS, or Yncas, Empire of the, Peru, I. 697,698; Iv. 17; XVIII. 677.

INCENSE, burnt perfume, XII.,718; IX. 709

_* Urs, so-called, XIX. 602.

lNCEST, XII. 722.

INCI-IBALD, Elizabeth, English dramatist, XII. 722.

INCIDENCE Or TAXATION, XXIII. 87.

INCIDENT, The, in Scottish history (1641), XXI. 513.

INCLOSURE COMMISSION,
XIV. 266.

Perception of, in

England,

` INCLOSURE or COMMONS, VI. 210.

INCOME, National, XVII. 247.

_ TAX, XXIII. 88; Pitts, IX. 187.

INCOPRESENTABILI'I'Y, in psychology, XX. 46.

[graphic]

INCREMENT, The Unearned, in economics, XIV. 267.

INCUBATION, of birds, III. 775; variability of instinct illustrated from, XIII. 158.

INCUBUS, dream demon, VII. 62.

INCUNABULA, early specimens of typography, III. 653.

INDEMNITV, Acts of, XVIII. 272.

INDEPENDENCY, Mi1ton’s relation to, XVI. 33o.

INDEPENDEN'IS, religious denomination, XII. 722; V1.268; riseoI the, VIII. 347; English, their relation to Presbyterianism, XIX. 686.

INDEX, XII. 729.

_- EXPURGATOR1Us,of Roman Catholic Church, XII. 7 3o; 01‘ the Inquisition, XIX. 714.

LIBRORUM PROHIBITORUM, of Roman Catholic Church, X11. 730; Ill. 659; XX. 63o.

—- NUMBERS, in 466.

INDIA, country, Asia, XII. 731 (index, 812); II. 685; antiquity and persistency of its civilization, II. 7oo; under Clive, VI. 9; under the marquis of Dalhousie, V1. 777; English measures for, VIII. 342, 356, 359, 367; Fox’s policy for (1783), XIX. 139; invasion of, by Alexander, XII. 786; XVIII. 583; by Darius I., XVIII. 569; by Nadir Shah, XVIII. 642; by Timur, XXIII. 399; Mahrattas in, XV. 288; as a Parthian satrapy, XVIII. 586, 592; Sikh war(1846), XIV. 371; Wellesley’s policy in, XXIV. 492; Wellington's operations in, XXIV. 494; architecture of, II. 394; army, II. 589; ancient astronomy, II. 746; XXI. 294; birds, III. 761; XVIII. 16; carpet manufacture, V. 129; caste, V. 187; coalfields, VI. 58; coins, XVII. 660; cotton supply and manufacture, VI. 483, 487; debt, XVII. 247; diamond mines, V11. 164; freshwater fishes, XII. 671 ; forests, IX. 404; glassmaking, X. 651; infanticide in, XIII. 3; irrigation works, XIII. 369; jute culture, XIII. 800; land laws and customs, XIV. 262; languages, XVIII. 784; libraries, XIV- 533, 549; mines, хш. 469; Christian missions, XVI. 513, 517; Jesuit missions, XIII. 651; mosques, XVI. 866 ; mythology, XVII. 152; newspapers, XVII. 432; Observatories, XVII. 716; official rank in, XIX. 667; opium cultivation, XVII. 789; pearl fisheries, XVIII. 447; periodical literature, XVIII. 539 ; pilgrimages, XIX. 92; plague in, XIX. 168; police system, XIX. 341; post oñice, XIX. 578; prison system, XIX. 757; railways, хх. 252; rainfall, XVI. 151; гадая, хх. 259; early religion, XXIV. 821; reptiles, XX. 467; routes to, affecting commerce, VI. 201; tea culture, XXIII.

[graphic]

statistics,

XXII. '

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