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I. 290.

431, 262.

HURTADO, Luis, Spanish poet, XX. 656. | Huy, town, Belgium, XII. 415.

HYDE, Edward, first earl of Clarendon, HURUL, Chronicleof, Roumania, XXI. 16. HUYGENS, Christiaan, Dutch mathe V. 804. Hus, or Huss (q.v.), John, XII. 404. matician and physicist, XII. 415; his Thomas, English Orientalist, XII. HUSAIN, shah of Persia, xvIII. 639. air-pump improvements, XIX. 246; as 426.

MIRZA, shah of Persia, xvIII. 632. astronomer, II. 755; his controversy PARK, London, XIV. 824. HUSBAND AND WIFE, Law relating to, with Hooke, XII. 149; on the law of HYDER, or Haidar, Sheikh, ruler of

XII. 400; XV. 565; divorce of, vil. 300; magnetic action, xv. 236; his micro Persia, xvIII. 634.

xxiv. 637; as witnesses, xxiv. 624. meter, XVI. 242; his telescopes, XXIII. HYDERABAD, territory, Central India, HUSBANDMEN, XIV. 166.

136; on the undulatory theory of light, XII. 428; town, XII. 429. HUSBANDRY, Book of, Fitzherbert's, I. XIV. 604, 610; on the plurality of district, Sind, India, XII. 429; 295. worlds, II. 740.

town, XII. 430. HUSCH, town, Moldavia, XII. 402.

Sir Constantijn, Dutch poet and | HYDER ALI, Mohammedan leader in HUSEIN, or Hosain (q.v.), hero of a diplomatist, XII. 417, 95.

India, XII. 427, 803; XVII. 124. Moslem passion play, XI. 508; XVIII. HUYSMANN ROELOF (Agricola), scholar, HYDRA, island and town, Greece, XII. 660.

430. HUSEYN PASHA, Turkish vizier, XXIII. HUYSMANS, family of Flemish painters, genus of Hydrozoa, XII. 547. 646.

XII. 417

HYDRACHNIDES, family of Arachnida, HUSHIARPUR, district, India, XII. 402; HUYSUM, Jan van, Dutch painter, XII. II. 276. XX. 109; town, XII. 403.

418.

HYDRACRYLIC ACID, XIV. 197. Husi (Husch), town, Moldavia, XII. 402. HUZARA, district, India, XI. 546; XX. HYDRADEPHAGA, group of beetles, Vi. HUSKISSON, William, English statesman

109.

130. and financier, XII. 403.

HUZAYA, Joseph, Syriac writer, XXII. HYDRANGEA, greenhouse plant, XII. HUSS, or Hus, John, Bohemian Reformer, 836. XII. 404; XX. 322; his association HVALÖER, islands, Norway, XVII. 576. HYDRARGILLITE, mineral, xvi. 388.

with Jerome of Prague, XIII. 631. HWANG-HO, or Hoang-ho, river, China, HYDRARGYRUM (Mercury), metal and HUSSARS, cavalry, V. 262.

V. 630; XVIII. 117; XXIII. 339.

chemical element, XVI. 31. HUSSEIN BOUSHREVIEH, Persian Bab HWEN T'SANG, Chinese traveller and HYDRATE OF CHLORAL, XVII. 232. ist, III. 180.

writer, XII. 418; XVIII. 101; in India, HYDRATES, in metallurgy, xvi. 61. HUSSEY, T. J., his observatory at XII. 785.

HYDRAULIC LIFT, XII. 520; XIV. Hayes, England, xvII. 711.

HWiccas, ancient tribe, England, xxiv. 574. HUSSHIEL, Rabbi, Talmudist, XXIII. 39. 666.

HYDRAULIC PRESS, XV. 753; invention HUSSINECZ, town, Bohemia, XII. 404. HYACINTH, garden plant, XII. 419, 256.

of, iv. 213. HUSSITES, religious Reformers, XII. , precious stone, XIII. 532.

HYDRAULIC RAM, Montgolfier's, Iv. 407; XX. 321.

HYACINTHE, Father (Hyacinthe Loy 173. HUSSITE WAR, III. 860; X. 495; XII. 407. son), theologian, XVII. 754.

HYDRAULICS, practical hydrodynamics, Husum, town, Schleswig-Holstein, XII. René Théophile, French physician, XII. 435, 459; Papin's inventions in, 408. XV. 816.

XVIII. 229; Torricelli's discoveries in, Huszt, town, Hungary, XII. 408. HYACINTHIA, festival, at Sparta, II. XXIII. 453. HUTCHESON, Francis, Irish philo 186.

HYDRAZINES, nitrogenous carbon comsopher, XII. 408; on the sense of HYACINTHUS, of Greek mythology, XII. pounds, XVII. 519. beauty, I. 221; his ethical system,

420; II. 186.

HYDRIA, ancient Greek vase, XIX. 614. VIII. 601; his place in English litera- HYADES, in mythology, XII. 420. HYDRIDES, in chemistry, V. 476, 544. ture, vill. 431.

HYÆNA, carnivorous mammal, XII. HYDROBORACITE, mineral, xvI. 396. HUTCHINSON, John, English physicist, 420; XV. 437.

HYDROCARBONS, in chemistry, v. 556; XII. 411. HYÆNODON, fossil carnivorous mam

XVIII. 237 Colonel John, Puritan soldier, XII. mal, XV. 442.

HYDROCEPHALUS, disease, XII. 431; 411.

HYALINECIA TUBICOLA, species of XVI. 763 Thomas, governor of Massachusetts, Annelida, II. 67.

HYDROCHELIDON, genus of birds, XXIII. U.S.A., XII. 412. HYALITE, mineral, xvI. 390.

189. HUT DWELLINGS, Cornwall, England, HYALOPHANE, mineral, XVI. 420.

HYDROCHLORIC ACID, V. 678; as poison, HYALOSIDERITE, mineral, xvi. 410.

XIX. 279. HUTIA, rat-like animal, Cuba, Vi. 680. HYAMIA, town, Messenia, Greece, XVI. HYDROCORALLINÆ, order of Hydrozoa, HUTTEN, Ulrich von, German humanist, 53.

XII. 563. XII. 412; X. 498, 528; his visit to HYBERNATION, or Hibernation (q.v.), HYDROCYAMC ACID, XX. 22; from the Rome, xx. 325. XI. 787.

cherry laurel, xiv. 348; as poison, HUTTON, Charles, English mathema- HYBLA, ancient towns, Sicily, XII. 421. XIX. 278. tician, XII. 414; on the invention of HYBRID ANIMALS, XII. 425.

HYDRODYNAMICS, XII. 435, 445; XIX. logarithms, XVII. 181; his mathe- HYBRIDISM, XII. 422.

241; place of, among the sciences, xix. matical tables, XXIII. II. HYBRID PLANTS, XII. 216, 423.

2; D. Bernoulli's work on, ill. 606; James, geologist, XII. 414.

HYDAH, people, North America, XII. Pascal's discoveries in, XVIII. 338. HUXHAM, John, English physician, xv. 826.

HYDRODYNAMOMETER, for measuring 815

HYDASPES (Jhelum), river, India, xiv. velocity of liquids, XII. 508. HUXLEY, Thomas Henry, on birds, 10; reached by Alexander, 1. 484. HYDROGEN, chemical element, XII. 433; XVIII. 34; his types of mankind, II. HYDE, town, England, XII. 426.

V.478; used for balloons, 1. 188; deter113; on natural selection, XXIV.79; on Anne, wife of James, duke of York mination of, v. 544; in iron, xin. the classification of reptiles, XX. 437; (James II. of England), v. 806; XIII. 284; peroxide of, discovered by his zoological classification, xxiv. 8o9. 559.

Thénard, xxIII. 252 ; as plant food,

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VI. 427

XXIII. 12.

xix. 48; spectrum of, xxII. 375; HYMENIUM, in reproductive system of | HYPOCHONDRIASIS, disease, XII. 598. thermometric properties of, XI. 574. lichens, xiv. 554.

HYPODERMA, in vegetable histology, HYDROGENS, Phosphuretted, XVIII.817. HYMENOMYCETES, suborder of Fungi, XII. 18. HYDROGRAPHIC DEPARTMENT, of the IX. 832; XXIV. 127; as parasites, XVIII. HYPODERMIÆ, order of Fungi, ix. British Admiralty, XVII. 262. 267.

831. HYDROKINETER, for steam boilers, XXII. HYMENOPTERA, order of insects, XII. HYPOGENE ACTION, in geology, X. 500. 571; II. 94; XIII, 148.

240. HYDROMAGNESITE, mineral, xvi. 399. HYMETTUS, mountain, Greece, III. 58; HYPOGEOMYs, genus of rodent mamHYDROMECHANICS, Science of, XII. honey of, XII. 138.

mals, xvII. 6. 435.

HYMNS, XII. 577; musical history of, HYPOGEUSIA, disease, XXIII. 80. HYDROMEDUSÆ, subclass of Hydrozoa, XVII. 85; Assyrian, III. 191.

HYPOLAIS, genus of birds, xxiv. 553. XII. 559.

HY NEILL, early Irish dynasty, XIII. HYPOMESUS, genus of fishes, XXI. 221, HYDROMEL, fermented drink from 250.

224. honey, XII. 137

HYOID BONE, Anatomy of the, I. HYPONITROUS ACID, V. 514. HYDROMETER, for determining densi 825.

HYPOSTASIANISM, early Christian ties, XII. 536.

HYOSCYAMINE, vegetable alkaloid, XI. dögma, XVI. 719. HYDROPARASTATÆ, or Aquarians, early 651.

HYPOSTILBITE, mineral, xvi. 422. Christian sect, II. 217.

HYOSCYAMUS, genus of plants, XI. 650; HYPOTHEC, in law, XII. 598; xx. 403; HYDROPATHY, system of medical treat

XVII. 231.

its effects on agriculture, I. 407. ment, XII. 542; III. 438, 440.

HYPÆTHROS, in architecture, 11. 466. HYPOTHECIUM, in reproductive system HYDROPHANE, mineral, xvi. 390.

HYPATIA of Alexandria, Pagan martyr, of lichens, XIV. 554. HYDROPHIDÆ, family of snakes, XXII. XII. 596; XVII. 337; her scientific HYPOTRICHA, order of Protozoa, xix. 193, 197 treatises, I. 511; her death attributed

863. HYDROPHITE, mineral, xvi. 415.

to Cyril, vi. 751.

HYPOTYPOSES, Clement of Alexandria's HYDROPHOBIA, disease, XII. 545; XX. C. Kingsley's novel, xiv. 89.

work, v. 820. 199. HYPERÆMIA, disease, XIII. 100.

HYPOXANTHITE, mineral, XVI. 425. HYDROPHYTA, order of plants, I. 507. HYPERBOLA, in geometry, VI. 278; X. HYPOZOA, or Protozoa (q.v.), Skeletal HYDRORHACHIS, bodily deformity, xvI. 398; mensuration of, XVI. 20.

structures of, xxII. 106. 763.

HYPERBOLIC ANTILOGARITHMS, Tables HYPSILANTES, or Hypsilanti, Alexander, HYDROSTATIC PARADOX, as basis for of, XXIII. 14.

modern Greek leader, XI. 125; XXIII. perpetual motion, xvill. 554.

HYPERBOLIC LOGARITHMS, Tables of, 649. HYDROSTATICS, XII. 435, 440; place

HYPSIPRYMNODON, genus of marsupial of, among the sciences, XIX. 2; HYPERBOLIC TRIGONOMETRY,

mammals, XIII. 841. figure of the earth as a problem in, 570.

HYPSIPRYMNUS, genus of marsupial VII. 600.

HYPERBOLOID, Mensuration of the, XVI. mammals, XIII. 840. HYDROTALCITE, mineral, xvI. 388.

27.

HYPSIPYLE, of Greek legend, XIV. HYDROTROPISM, in plants, xix. 60. HYPERGEUSIA, disease, xxIII. 80.

437. HYDROXIDES, in chemistry, V. 485. HYPERIDES, Attic orator, XII. 596; HYPSOMETER, boiling-point thermoHYDROZINCITE, mineral, xvi. 399.

ancient MS. of, xvIII. 146.

meter, XXIII. 292. HYDROZOA, division of animal kingdom, HYPERIDROSIS, skin disease, XXII. HYPSOMETRY, determinations of height, XII. 547

in surveying, xxII. 713. HYDRUNTUM, or Hydrus (Otranto), HYPERION, Hölderlin's work, XII. 58. HYRACODON, extinct ungulate mammal, ancient Greek town, Italy, XVIII. 68. Keats's poem, XIV. 23.

XV. 428; XX. 523. HYÈRES, town, France, XII. 565; popula Longfellow's work, xiv. 860. HYRACOIDEA, suborder of ungulate tion, xxiv. 69.

HYPERMETROPIA, defect of the eye, mammals, XV. 422. HYETOMETER, rain gauge, XX. 256. VIII. 820; XVII. 785; spectacles for, HYRAX, genus of ungulate mammals, HYETOMETROGRAPH, Hermann's, xx. XXII. 372.

XII. 598; XV. 423. 257.

HYPEROODON, genus of Cetacea, xv. HYRCANIA, province, Western Asia, HYGIENE, XII. 566; naval, XVII. 297. 396; XXIV. 525.

XII. 599; XVIII. 586, 588, 592, 603. HYGINUS, Caius Julius, Roman author, HYPERPARASITISM, XVIII. 261.

HYRCANUS, John, I.-II., Jewish high XII. 569. HYPERPYREXIA, disease, XX. 517.

priests, XII. 599; XIII. 423. GROMATICUS, writer on surveying, HYPERSTHENE, mineral, XVI. 415. HYSMINE

HYSMINIAS, Greek XII. 569. HYPERTROPHY, abnormal increase of

romance, XX. 636. HYGROMETER, Amonton's, 746; bodily organs, XII. 597; XXII. 687. HYSON, variety of tea, XXIII. 99.

Deluc's, vii. 54; Saussure's, vii. 54; HYPHÆ, cells of Fungi, ix. 827. HYSSOP, plant, XII. 599, 289.
XXI. 324.
HYPHÆNE, genus of palms, III. HYSTERECTOMY,

in surgery, XXII. HYGROMETRY, measurement of humi 190.

691. dity, XII. 569; of atmosphere, III. 32. HYPHASIS (Sutlej), eastern limit HYSTERIA, disease, XII. 600; XIII. 101, HYGROPHILITE, mineral, XVI. 425. reached by Alexander, I. 484.

108. HYKSOs, shepherd kings, Egypt, VII. HYPHEAR, parasitic plant, XVI. 527. HYSTERO-EPILEPSY, disease, XII. 601. 735. HYPNOSIA, disease, XXII. 157.

HYSTRICOMORPHA, HYSTRICIDÆ, secHYLACTES, genus of birds, XXIII. 49. HYPNOTICS, narcotic drugs, XVII. 230. tion and family of rodent mammals, HYLOBATES, genus of apes, II. 150. HYPNOTISM, II. 205; XV. 277; among

XV. 420. HÝLOZOISM, Stoic doctrine of, XXII. the Greeks, II. 505.

Hystrix, genus of rodent mammals, 563.

HYPOBLAST, in animal development, II. XII. 416; XIX. 518. HYMEN, in Greek legend, xii. 571. 51; VIII. 746; XXII. 106.

HYTHE, town, England, xii. 601; Xiv. HYMENÆUS, in Greek legend, XII. 571. HYPOCAUST, Roman stove, XXII. 579. 39; school of musketry at, II. 586.

XXIII.

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the ninth letter of the alphabet, XII. IBN JUNIS (Ibn Yunus), Arabian astro church, vill. 491; geysers, X. 557 ; 602. nomer, 11. 751.

language, XII. 627; XXI. 368; libraries, IALYSUS, hero of Rhodes, Protogenes's IBN JUZAI, Mohammed, editor of Ibn XIV. 549; literature, XII. 621; VII. picture of, xix. 828.

Batuta's travels, XII. 608.

649; XXII. 201; newspapers, XVII. town, Rhodes, xx. 526.

IBN KEMAL, Turkish writer, XXIII. 656. 430; periodical literature, xvIII. 543. IAMBIC VERSE, Greek, XI. 139.

IBN KHALDOUN, Arab historian and ICELANDIC LANGUAGE, XII. 627; XXI. IAMBLICHUS, Syrian Neoplatonist, XII. poet, XII. 609; XXIII. 5.

368; dictionaries of, vii. 186. 602; XVII. 337

IBN KHALLIKAN, Arab writer, XII. 609; ICELANDIC LITERATURE, XII. 621; VII. Greek novelist, XX. 634. XXIII. 5.

649; XXII. 201. IAPYGIAN LANGUAGE, XIV. 327.

IBN KHIDASH, Arab historian, XXIII. 3. ICELAND Moss, lichen, XII. 628; XIV. IAPYGIANS, early Italian race, XIII. 443. IBN KHORDADHBEH, author of Arabic 560. IASITHEUS (Raphael Fabretti), Italian itinerary, xvi. 596.

ICELAND SPAR, mineral, iv. 653; xv. antiquary, viii. 840. IBN KOTAIBA, Arab historian, XVI. 596;

217; XVI. 397, 419; refraction of light IATRO-PHYSICAL SCHOOLS, of medi XXIII. 3.

by, xiv. 609. cine, xv. 810.

IBN MASUD, editor of the Koran, xvi. 1-CHANG, town, China, XII. 628. IAVOHAIKA, mountain, Madagascar, 605.

Ich DIEN, motto, its origin, VI. 557. XV. 168.

IBN MOKAFFA, translator of Kalilah ICHNEUMON, carnivorous mammal, XII. IBADAN, town, West Africa, XII. 604; and Dimnah, 111. 666; XVIII. 134. 629; XV. 436. XXIV. 754.

IBN NISHATI, Urdu writer, XI. 848. ICHNEUMON-FLY, parasitic insect, XII. IBARRA, town, Ecuador, XII. 604. IBN ROSHD (Averroes, q.v.), Arab philo 629, 576. IBAS, Syriac writer, XXII. 829.

sopher and physician, III. 149. ICHTHYOLOGY, XII. 630; palæontologiIBERIA, ancient Spain, XXII. 304. IBN SAUD, Wahhabite prince of Arabia, cal, Agassiz's researches in, I. 275. IBERIANS, race of people, Spain, XII. XVII. 774.

ICHTHYOPTERYGIA,

order of fossil 604; IX. 527

IBN SHIHNA, Arab historian, XXIII. 5. reptiles, XX. 442. I BERUS (Ebro), river, Spain, VII. 619. IBN SINA (Avicenna, q.v.), Arab philo- ICHTHYOSAURUS, extinct reptile, XII. IBEX, ungulate mammal, XII. 605; I. sopher and physician, III. 152.

695. 633; XV. 432.

IBN SJEDDAD (Bohaddin), Arabian ICHTHYOSIS, skin disease, XXII. 121. IBIRIPITANGA, Brazil wood, iv. 226. writer and statesman, 111. 859.

ICILIUS, Karl G. G. von Quintus, his IBIS, bird, XII. 606.

IBN TOFAIL(Abubacer), Spanish Moslem magnetic experiments, XV. 254.
IBN ABDALHAKAM,
Arab historian, philosopher, II. 269.

ICKNIELD STREET (Via Iceniana), XXIII. 3, 5.

IBN WADIH, or Yakubi, Arab historian, Roman road, England, vii. 372; Roman IBN ABDALLAH, founder of the Almo XXIII. 3.

remains on, XVIII. 94. hades, 1. 593.

IBN ZOBAIR, Abdallah, pseudo-caliph, ICOD DE LOS Vinos, town, Canary IBN ABD RABBIHI, Arab historical XVI. 568, 570.

Islands, 1v. 799. writer, XXIII. 4.

IBN ZOHR (Avenzoar), Arab physician, ICOLMKILL (Iona), island, Scotland, IBN ABI AMIR (Almanzor), sovereign of 15; XV. 805.

XIII. 203 Cordova, xv. 500; XXII. 314.

I BO, district, West Africa, XII. 610. ICONIUM (Konieh), ancient town, Asia IBN ABI OSAIBIYA, XVI. 596; XXIII. 5. town, Mozambique, Africa, XVII. 7. Minor, xv. 12. IBN ADHARI, Arab historian, XXIII. 5. GROUP, of Negroes, Africa, XVII. ICONOCLASM, ICONOCLASTS, XII. 711; IBN AL-ARABI, Arab philologist and 319.

XI. 114; XIV. 453. historian, XXIII. 3. IBRAHIM, caliph, XVI. 576.

ICONOGRAPHY, classification of engraved IBN AL-ASHATH, pretender to the cali Turkish sultan, XXIII. 645.

prints, VIII. 445. phate, XVI. 572.

NIYAL, Seljuk ruler, XXI. 634. . ICOSAHEDRON, in geometry, x. 388. IBN AL-ATHIR, Arab historian, XXIII. 4. PASHA, viceroy of Egypt, XII. 610; Icosium (Algiers), ancient town, North IBN AL-JAUZI, Arab historical writer, VII. 764; XXIII. 650; his conquest of Africa, xv. 637. XXIII. 4.

the Arabs, II. 261.

ICTERUS, genus of birds, XII. 696. IBN AL-WARDI, Arab historian, XXIII. I BRAILA, town, Roumania, xii. 610.

disease, XIII. 598. 5.

IBSEN, Henrik, Norwegian dramatist ICTINUS, Greek architect, II. 359. IBN AMID (Elmacin), Egyptian historian, and poet, XVII. 591.

ICULISMA (Angoulême), ancient town, VIII. 152; XXIII. 5.

I BU (Ibo), district, West Africa, XII. 610. France, II. 46. IBN ARABSHAH, Arab historian, xxIII. IBYCUS, Greek poet, XII. 611.

IDA, king of Bernicia, England, xvII. 5. ICA, town, Peru, XII. 611.

569. IBN ASAKIR, Arab historian, XXIII. 4. IçA, river, South America, Vi. 153.

mountain, Crete, VI. 569. IBN BADJA (Avempace, q.v.), Spanish ICARIA, genus of insects, XXIV. 392.

, mountains, Asia Minor, XXIII. Moslem philosopher, II. 269.

ICCIODURUM (Issoire), ancient town, IBN BATUTA, Moorish traveller and France, XIII. 432.

IDAHO, Territory, U.S.A., XII. 697 ; writer, XII. 607; X. 179.

ICE, XII. 611; geological action of, x. population, xxIII. 802. IBN EZRA (Abenezra), 1. 36.

280, 281, 366; strength of, vil. 816; IDALIUM, Cyprus, Antiquities at, VI. IBN GEBIROL (Avicebron, q.v.), Jewish formation of, in Baltic Sea, III. 295; 750. mystic, III. 152.

in Polar Regions, XIX. 328, 330; used IDANTHYRSUS, Scythian king, XXI. IBN HABIB, Arab historian, XXIII. 3, 5. for preserving provisions, IX. 244;

576, 577. IBN HAJAR, Arab writer, XXIII. 5.

XIX. 709.

IDDAH, town, West Africa, XVII. 497. IBN HISHAM, editor of Ibn Ishak, XXIII. ICEBERG, XII. 614; in Polar Regions, IDEA, The World as Will and, Scho

XIX. 328, 330.

penhauer's work, XXI. 450. IBN ISHAK, biographer of Mohammed, ICE-HOUSE, XII. 615.

IDEALISM, Berkeley's, III. 591; Hegel's, XVI. 596; XXIII. 2.

ICELAND, XII. 616; VII. 83; discovery XI. 618; Kant's, XIII. 850; SchopenIBN IYAS, Arab historian, XXIII. 5. of, XXIII. 328; birds of, XVIII. 17; hauer's, XXI. 457; Spinoza's, V. 152.

III.

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578.

2.

210.

XX. 442.

14, 22.

XI. 243.

IDEALITY, in phrenology, xvIII. 845. IGNATIUS, patriarch of Constantinople, ILIYATS, Turcoman tribes in Persia, IDEALIZATION, in the fine arts, ix. XVIII. 819; supported by Pope XVIII. 627; XXIII. 661.

Nicholas I., XVII. 483.

ILKESTON, town, England, XII. 703; IDEAS, Plato's doctrine of, xiv. 785; IGNEOUS Rocks, in geology, X. 307. XVII. 598.

XIX. 205; Philo's, xvIII. 761; Xeno- IGNIS PATUUS, or Will-o'-the-Wisp, ILKHANS, Mongol empire of the, xvi. crates's, XXIV. 718. XVIII. 813

742. Association of, 11. 730; VII. 458;

IGNORANTINES,

French religious ILKHANY, Tables of the Mongol astroVIII. 607; XX. 60; Thomas Brown on, brotherhood, XII. 700.

nomical work, x. 178. IV. 388; Hartley on, XI. 498.

IGOLOTES, or Igorrotes, race, Philippine Ill, river, Germany, XX. 519.
Innate, xvi. 91; Descartes on, v.
Islands, XVIII. 753.

ILLAWARRA, lake, New South Wales, 146; Leibnitz on, XIV. 422; Locke on, IGOR, Russian chief, xxi. 87, 104.

XVII. 408. XIV. 758.

IGORROTES, or Igolotes, race, Philip- ILLE-ET-VILAINE, department, France, IDEATION, in psychology, XX. 58, 69, 76.

pine Islands, XVIII. 753.

XII. 703 IDÉES NAPOLÉONIENNES, treatise by IGUALADA, town, Spain, XII. 700. ILLEGITIMACY, in law, III. 426; staLouis Napoleon, XVII. 227. IGUANA, lizard, XII. 700; XIV. 735.

tistics of, III. 427. IDENSALMI, town, Finland, xxiv. 209.

IGUANODON, fossil reptile, XII. 701; ILLIGER, Johann K. W., on birds, xvIII. IDENTITY, Mental perception of, xx.

80; idea of, in metaphysic, xvi. 83; IGUVINE (or EUGUBINE) TABLES, VIII. ILLINOIS, State, U.S.A., XII. 703; popuprinciple of, Condillac on the, VI. 250 663.

lation, xxIII. 802. IDEOGRAMS, or Ideographs, hiero- IGUVIUM (Gubbio), ancient town, Italy, ILLORICATA, division of Rotifera, xxi. glyphics, 1. 603; XIII. 114. XI. 243; XXIII. 724.

8. IDEOLOGY, De Tracy's, XXIII. 497. IHIBHA, or Denha, Syriac writer, XXII. ILLUMINANTS, for lighthouses, xiv. IDERO (Hydra), island, Greece, XII. 848.

626. IHRE, Johan, Swedish philologist, XI. ILLUMINATED BORDERS, of 430.

books, IDEs, in Roman calendar, Iv. 665.

200; XXII. 755.

XXIII. 696. IDIOCY, form of insanity, XIII. 97. IKAN PRUT, fish, Java, xiii. 606. ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPTS, VI. 451; IDIOT BOY, The, Wordsworth's ballad, IKI, island, Japan, XIII. 569.

XII. 707. XXIV. 670.

IKIRUN, town, West Africa, XXIV. ILLUMINATI, mystic sects, XII. 706. IDIOTS, Weights of brain of, 1. 880. 754.

ILLUMINATION, by flame, IX. 282; IDLE, town, England, XII. 698.

IKUVIO (Gubbio), ancient town, Italy, intensity of, xiv. 582; of lighthouses, - river, England, xvII. 598.

XIV. 618. IDLER, The, by Johnson, XIII. 724. ILA (New Kuldja), town, Central Asia, of written or printed texts, XII. IDOCRASE, mineral, XVI. 410.

XIV. 154.

707; XVI. 437; XXIII. 682. IDOLA, or Classes of Error, enumerated | Ilats, or Iliyats, Turcoman tribes in The, or Aufklärung, in Germany, by Bacon, III. 212. Persia, xvIII. 627; XXIII. 661.

XX. 289. IDOLATRY, XII. 698, 710; condemned ILCHESTER, town, England, XII. 702. ILLUMINATOR, St Gregory, XI. 179. in the Koran, XVI. 599.

ÎLE-DE-FRANCE, district, France, XII. ILLUMINÉS, French mystic sect, xil IDOMENEO, RE DI CRETA, opera by 702.

706. Mozart, xvii. 10.

ILERDA (Lerida), Roman town, Spain, ILLUNUM (Hellin), ancient town, Spain, IDRIA, town, Austria, XII. 699; quick

XIV. 470.

XI. 637. silver mines of, 111. 120.

ILESHA, town, West Africa, xxiv. ILLUSIONS, in magic, xv. 207; optical, IDRIALINE, mineral wax, XVIII. 113. 754.

II. 205. IDRIALITE, mineral, XVI. 429.

ILEUM, or Small Intestine, Anatomy of ILLUSTRATED NEWSPAPERS, XVII. 419. IDRISI (Edrisi), Arabian geographer, VII. the, vii. 226; xvII. 668.

ILLYRIA, or Illyricum, country, Eastern 669; X. 177.

ILEX, genus of trees, XII. 101; XV. 627; Europe, XII. 709; invasion of, by IDUMEA, district, south of Palestine, XII. XVII. 694.

Rome, XX. 748; coins of, XVII. 699.

ILFRACOMBE, town, England, XII. 702. 641. IDUTWYA RESERVE, South Africa, XIII. ILHAVO, town, Portugal, XII. 702. ILLYRICUM, country, Eastern Europe, 817. ILI, river, Central Asia, XII. 702; XXI.

XII. 709. IDYL, in literature, XVIII. 345.

640.

ILMEN, Lake, Russia, xvii. 606; XX. IERAPETRA, town, Crete, VI. 572. ILIAD, Homeric poem, XI. 137; XII. 117; 35; XXI. 73. IFFLAND, August Wilhelm, German Quintus Smyrnæus's continuation, ILMENAU, town, Germany, XXI. 349. dramatist, XII. 699.

XX. 188; ancient MSS. of, xviii. 146; | ILMENITE, mineral, xvi. 386; polarity IFFLEY, Oxfordshire, England, Church Earl Derby's translation of, vii. 112.

of, XIX. 313. at, XVIII. 94.

ILICI (Elche), ancient town, Spain, vii. ILOBU, town, West Africa, xxiv. 754. IGBO (Ibo), district, West Africa, XII.

827.

ILOILO, town, Philippine Islands, XVIII. 610. ILIGH, town, Morocco, XVI. 834.

752. IGIDI, plateau, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 149. ILINIZA, mountain, Ecuador, VII. 645. ILOPANGO, lake, Central America, XXI. IGLAU, town, Moravia, XII. 700.

ILION, or Troy, ancient town, Asia 268. IGLESIAS, town, Sardinia, XII. 700; Minor, XXIII. 579.

ILORI, or Ilorin, town, West Africa, XII. XXI. 309.

ILIPULA (Loja), ancient town, Spain, XIV. 710; XXIV. 754. IGLO, town, Hungary, XII. 700.

810.

ILOVLA, river, Russia, XXI. 304. IGNATIUS, early Christian writer, li. ILISSUS, river, Greece, ill. 60; XI. 82. IlTchi, town, Turkestan, XXIII. 639.

196; on the Gospels, X. 815, 822; his ILIUM, or Troy, ancient town, Asia ILURO (Oloron), ancient town, France, letters, XIX. 489; Cureton's edition Minor, XXIII. 579; coins of, XVII. 646. XVII. 765. of them, vi. 710; his relations with or Haunch-Bone, Anatomy of the, ILZSTADT, suburb of Passau, Bavaria, Polycarp, XIX. 414. 1. 828.

XVIII. 344.

IMAGE, on the retina, VIII. 817. IMOLA, town, Italy, XII. 717.

INCREMENT, The Unearned, in econoBooks, or Block Books, III. 652; IMPACT, in mechanics, xv. 719.

mics, xiv. 267. XXIII. 682.

IMPASTING, in painting, xvIII. 138. INCUBATION, of birds, III. 775; variaIMAGES, Mental, xx. 58.

IMPEACHMENT, in law, xII. 717; by bility of instinct illustrated from, IMAGE WORSHIP, XII. 710.

English parliament, VIII. 319; of XIII. 158. IMAGINARIES, Theory of, in equations, peers, XVIII. 313.

INCUBUS, dream demon, vil. 62. VIII. 501.

IMPENETRABILITY, Perception of, in INCUNABULA, early specimens of typoIMAGINATION, in psychology, xx. 57; psychology, xx. 56.

graphy, III. 653. in the fine arts, ix. 210; poetic, XIX. IMPENNES, group of birds, XVIII. 45. INDEMNITY, Acts of, XVIII. 272. 263; productive, Kant on, xiii. 852; IMPERATOR, Roman title, 111. 80; VIII. INDEPENDENCY, Milton's relation to, Gassendi's theory of, X. 106; Spinoza 179; XX. 769.

XVI. 330. on, V. 153; Wordsworth's theory, xxiv. IMPERFORATA, subclass of Protozoa, INDEPENDENTS, religious denomination, 672. XIX. 845.

XII. 722; VI. 268; rise of the, VIII. 347; IMAGINES, work by Philostratus, XVIII. IMPERIAL,

IMPERIAL, Francisco, Spanish poet, English, their relation to Presbyterian797 XXII. 355.

ism, xix. 686. work by Varro, XXIV. 93.

CITIES, of Germany, ix. 747. INDEX, XII. 729. IMAGO, fully developed butterfly, iv. IMPETIGO, skin disease, xxII. 123.

EXPURGATORIUS, of Roman Catho594.

IMPLEMENTS, of husbandry, 1. 311. lic Church, XII. 730; of the Inquisition, IMAM, Mohammedan priest, XII. 714; IMPORTS, National, Table of, per head,

XIX. 714.
XVI. 592; XIX. 730; XXII. 662.
XVII. 247; taxes on, XXIII. 89.

LIBRORUM PROHIBITORUM, of IMAMBA, snake, in Natal, xvII. 241. IMPOST, in architecture, II. 466.

Roman Catholic Church, XII. 730; III. IMANDRA, lake, Russian Lapland, XIV. IMPOTENCE, in man, xv. 778; XXI. 576. 659; XX. 630. 305. IMPREGNATION, of ovum, XX. 417.

NUMBERS, in statistics, XXII. IMAUS, Northern, of Ptolemy, Pamir | IMPRESSIONS, Mental, xx. 57 ; Hume

466. plateau, XVIII. 102.

on, XII. 352.

INDIA, country, Asia, xii. 731 (index, IMBABURA, mountain, Ecuador, VII. 644. IMPRESSMENT, of English labourers, 812); 11. 685; antiquity and persistIMBECILITY, modification of idiocy, XIII. XIV. 167; for the navy, XVII. 295; ency of its civilization, II. 700; under 97. XXI. 605.

Clive, vi. 9; under the marquis of IMBRA, deity of Afghan Kafirs, XIII. 822. | IMPRISONMENT, XIX. 747

Dalhousie, vi. 777; English measures IMBROS, island, Ægean Sea, XII. 714. IMPROVEMENTS OF LAND, Law relating for, vil. 342, 356, 359, 367; Fox's IMERINA, district, Madagascar, xv. 168. to, XIV. 275, 277.

policy for (1783), XIX. 139; invasion IMERITIA, district, Transcaucasia, Russia, IMVRO (Imbros), island, Ægean Sea, XII. of, by Alexander, xii. 786 ; XVIII. XII. 715; XXIII. 513. 714.

583; by Darius I., XVIII. 569; by IMERITIANS, race of people, Caucasus, INACCESSIBLE ISLAND, South Atlantic, Nadir Shah, xvIII. 642; by Timur, V. 257 XXIII. 576.

XXIII. 399; Mahrattas in, xv. 288; as IMHOTEP, Egyptian divinity, VII. 718. INARA, lake, Russian Lapland, xiv. 305. a Parthian satrapy, xvIII. 586, 592; IMITATIO CHRISTI, the question of its | INARIME (Ischia), island, Italy, XIII. 385. Sikh war (1846), xiv. 371; Wellesley's authorship, XIV. 32.

INARUS, Egyptian prince, XVIII. 574. policy in, xxiv. 492 ; Wellington's IMITATION, in fine art, IX. 202. INCAMMINATI, Italian academy of operations in, XXIV. 494; architecture a basis of language, XVIII. 767. painting, v. 81.

of, 11. 394; army, II. 589; ancient astroIMITATIVENESS, in phrenology, xvii. INCANDESCENCE, as a source of light, nomy, 11. 746; XXI. 294; birds, III. 761; 845. XIV. 579.

XVIII. 16; carpet manufacture, v. 129; IMLAY, Captain Gilbert, his relations INCANDESCENT ELECTRIC LAMP, XIV. caste, V. 187; coalfields, VI. 58; coins, with Mary Wollstonecraft, x. 716. 632.

XVII. 660; cotton supply and manuIMMA, wife of Eginhard, vii. 698. INCANTATIONS, Magical, xv. 199; VII. 63. facture, VI. 483, 487; debt, XVII. 247; IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF B. V. INCA REMAINS, Ecuador, VII. 648. diamond mines, vii. 164; freshwater MARY, Roman Catholic dogma, XII. | INCARNATION, Doctrine of the, XIII. fishes, XII. 671; forests, IX. 404; glass715; XV. 590; XVII. 754; at the council 670; Athanasius on, 11. 828; Nestorius making, X. 651; infanticide in, XIII. 3; of Trent, XXIII. 546; declaration of, on, XVII. 356; Theodore on, XXIII. 255. irrigation works, XIII. 369; jute culture, as article of faith, xix. 159; Duns | INCAS, or Yncas, Empire of the, Peru, I. XIII. 800; land laws and customs, XIV. Scotus's defence of, vii. 545. 697, 698; IV. 17; XVIII. 677.

262; languages, XVIII. 784; libraries, IMMANES, order of birds, xvIII. 44. INCENSE, burnt perfume, XII. 718; IX. XIV. 533, 549; mines, XVI. 469; IMMERMANN, Karl Leberecht, German 709.

Christian missions, XVI. 513, 517; dramatist, XII. 716; X. 543.

CUPS, so-called, xix. 602.

Jesuit missions, XIII. 651; mosques, IMMERSIONS, Long, by swimmers, INCEST, XII. 722.

XVI. 866; mythology, XVII. 152; XXII. 771.

INCHBALD, Elizabeth, English drama newspapers, XVII. 432; observatories, IMMIGRATION, at New York, XVII. tist, XII. 722.

XVII. 716; official rank in, XIX. 460.

INCIDENCE OF TAXATION, XXIII. 87. 667 ; opium cultivation, XVII. 789; IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL, VIII. 535; | INCIDENT, The, in Scottish history pearl fisheries, xvIII. 447; periodical Aristotle on, II. 522; Butler on, iv. (1641), XXI. 513.

literature, xvIII. 539 ; pilgrimages, 584; Plato on, xix. 199; Augustine's INCLOSURE COMMISSION, England, xix. 92 ; plague in, xix. 168; police work on, Ill. 77. XIV. 266.

system, xix. 341 ; post office, XIX. IMMORTELLE, plant, XII. 716.

INCLOSURE OF COMMONS, VI. 210. 578; prison system, XIX. 757; railways, IMMRAMS, class of Irish legends, V. 310. INCOME, National, XVII. 247.

XX. 252; rainfall, XVI. 151; rajas, IMMUNITIES, Ecclesiastical, Church of TAX, XXIII. 88; Pitt's, IX. 187. XX. 259; early religion, XXIV. 821; Rome, xx. 630.

INCOPRESENTABILITY, in psychology, reptiles, xx. 467; routes to, affecting IMMUNITY, in law, xix. 764.

XX. 46.

commerce, VI. 201; tea culture, XXIII.

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