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HEAD, Water in the, disease, XII. 431. globe, X. 224; of the human body, | HECATÆUS of Abdera, Greek historian

Sir Edmund Walker, English art XVIII. 393 ; source of plant energy, and philosopher, xi. 608. critic, XI. 551. XIX. 56.

of Miletus, Greek geographer, XI. Sir Francis Bond, English traveller | HEAT-ENGINES, 473 (index,

608. and author, XI. 551.

526).

HECATE, Greek goddess, XI. 608; worSir George, English writer, XI. HEATH, plant, XI. 589; XII. 263; in ship of, xv. 202. 551.

South Africa, I. 258.

HECHO (Cachao), town, Anam, iv. 624. HEADACHE, Sick, disease, XVII. 364. HEATHCOAT, John, inventor of lace- HECKLING, in flax manufacture, xiv. HEAD-Dress, in Middle Ages, VI. 469. making machines, XI. 590; XVII. 600. 664; of rope, xx, 844. HEADING, in tunnelling, XXIII. 622. HEATHER, plant, XI. 589.

HECKMONDWYKE, town, England, Xi. HEALFDENE, Danish leader, his con HEATHER-BLEATER, bird, xxII. 200. 609. quest of Northumbria, XVII. 570.

HEATING, Apparatus for, xi. 590; of HECLA, volcano, Iceland, xi1. 617. HEALING SPRINGS, spa, Virginia, hospitals, XII. 305; in relation to HECTOCOTYLIZED ARM, in reproduction U.S.A., XVI. 436. ventilation, xxiv. 161.

of molluscs, xvI. 675. HEALTH, its preservation, XII. 566; its HEATON'S PROCESS, of steel-making, HECTOR, Trojan hero, xi. 609. restoration, XV. 794; XVIII. 362; effects XIII. 335.

Dr, on the climate of New Zeaof baths on, III. 441; influence of diet | HEATSTROKE, XXII. 666.

land, xvII. 467. on, VII. 200; influence of weather on, HEAUTEFEUILLE, Jean, his suggestions HECUBA, wife of Priam of Troy, XI. 111. 35; Plutarch on, XIX. 234. for heat-engine, XXII. 474.

609. Public, its legal aspects, XX. 96. HEAUTON - TIMOROUMENOS, Terence's - Euripides's play, viii. 675. HEANOR, town, England, xvII. 598. play, xxIII. 187.

HECYRA, Terence's play, XXIII. 187. HEARING, Sense of, in man, vii. 591; HEAVEN, in eschatology, VIII. 537; HEDA, Willem Claasz, Dutch painter,

nerve of, in man, I. 895; sense of, in XVIII. 236; of Buddhism, IV. 433; of XI. 610. bees, III. 488; organs of, in birds, III. Zoroastrianism, xxiv. 823.

HEDAs, river, France, xvIII. 414. 725; in crustaceans, Vi. 638; in fishes, HEAVING TO, of a ship, xxi. 601. HEDDLE, weaving apparatus, XXIV. XII. 652; in mammals, xv. 367; in HEBBEL, Friedrich, German poet and 464. reptiles, XX. 461; Weber's law in re dramatist, XI. 593.

HEDENSTRÖM, Arctic explorer, XIX. lation to, XXIV. 471.

HEBDOMAD, Gnostic ethereal region, III. 319. TRUMPET, XXIII. 594. 421.

HEDERA, genus of plants, XIII. 526. HEARN, W. E., his Plutology, xix. HEBE, of Greek mythology, XI. 593. HEDGEHOG, insectivorous mammal, xi. 399.

HEBER, Reginald, bishop of Calcutta, 610; XV. 402; hibernation of, XI. 788. HEARNE, Samuel, English Arctic ex XI. 593; hymns by, XII. 595.

Sea, fish, x. 685. plorer, XI. 551; XIX. 318.

HEBERDEN, William, English physician, HEDGES, on farms, I. 310.
Thomas, English antiquary, XI. XI. 594; XV. 815.

HEDGE-SPARROW, bird, xxII. 369. 551.

HÉBERT, Jacques René, French Revolu- HEDGE TREES, Culture of, 11. 319. HEART, Diseases of the, XI. 552; ana tionist, XI. 594.

HEDGING, in betting, III. 619. tomy of, 1. 899; XXIV. 98; beating of, HEBERTISTS, French Revolutionary HEDJAZ, or Hejaz (q.v.), district, Arabia, XIX. 29; of birds, III. 726; of mam party, ix. 606; XX. 604.

II. 236, 253. mals, xv. 364; of reptiles, XX. 459. HEBON, in Italian mythology, VII. 249. HEDONISM, in ethics, viii. 582, 585. HEARTSEASE, plant, XXIV. 241. HEBREW ANCESTRY, asserted of the HÉDONVILLE, Sieur d' (Denis de Sallo), HEAT, XI. 554; theory of action of, xix. Afghans, I. 238

French journalist, XVIII. 539. 2; of coal as compared with that of HEBREW CALENDAR, IV. 677.

HEDYOTIS, genus of plants, xv. 177. oil, XVIII. 240; conduction of, xx. HEBREW CHRONOLOGY, V. 713. HEDYSARUM GYRANS, plant, its move212; convection of, xx. 212; in re HEBREW COINS, XVII. 650.

ments, xix. 61. lation to crystals, xvi. 377; develop. HEBREW INSCRIPTIONS, XIII. 117. HEELU, Jan van, Dutch writer, XII. 90. ment of, in blast furnaces, XIII. 293, HEBREW LANGUAGE, XI. 594; XXI. 645; HEEM, Cornelius, David, and Johannes, 311; diffusion of, VII. 217; in electric dictionaries of, vii. 189.

Dutch painters, XI. 611. circuit, VIII. 54; as energy, VIII. 207, HEBREW LITERATURE, XI. 597; XIII, HEEMSKERK, Johan van, Dutch poet, 208; as the equivalent of force, Mayer 408; the Midrash, XVI. 285; the Mish XI. 611; XII. 95; XVIII. 347. on, xv. 649; latent, law of, viII. 731; nah, XVI. 502; the Talmud, xxIII. -, Martin Jacobsz, Dutch painter, XI. latent, Black's theory of, ill. 795; 35.

611. latent, of steam, XXII. 484; its effect on HEBREW MSS., Kennicott's collection HEEREN, Arnold Hermann Ludwig, magnetism, xv. 272; mechanical equi of, xiv. 36.

German historian, xi. 612. valent of, vill. 209; in fusing metals, HEBREW PEOPLE, their history, xIII. HEERMANN, Johann H., German hymnXVI. 66; of oxyhydrogen flame, XVIII. 396; history as viewed by the Chroni writer, XII. 586. 105; power of, in mechanics, xv. 773; cler, V. 707; religion of, XX. 361. HEGEKOPF, mountain, Waldeck, Gerproduction of, by different fuels, ix. HEBREW POETRY, III. 638; Lowth's many, XXIV. 321. 807; radiant, Melloni's discoveries in, Prælectiones on, xv. 30.

HEGEL, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, XV. 840; radiation of, XX. 212; HEBREWS, Epistle to the, xi. 602. German philosopher, XI. 612; on the maximum resistance to, in living Gospel of the, x. 818.

beautiful, 1. 218; his ethical system, matter, 111. 680, 688; its effect on rocks, HEBRIDES, islands, Scotland, xi. 607; VIII. 610; on evolution, VIII. 762; on X. 258; specific, of a fluid, XXIII. 286; XIV. 492.

the fine arts, ix. 212; his testimony to its transformation into force, XXIII. Journey to the, Johnson's work, Jesus Christ, XIII. 669; on Kant's 283 ; waste, utilization of, in iron XIII. 727

system of the categories, V. 225; his smelting, XIII. 331 ; Siemens's re HEBRON, of Scripture, XI. 608.

logic, xiv. 798; his metaphysics, XVI. searches in, xxII. 37 ; in Africa, 1. Mount, Palestine, xvIII. 172. 86; his ideal optimism, XVIII. 687; on 256; death from, xv. 781 ; of the HEBRUS, river, Thrace, XXIII. 318. philosophy, xvIII. 794; his influence

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on German rationalism, xx. 290; his | HEJAZ, district, Arabia, 11. 236, 253; xv. | HELIOSTAT, signalling instrument, x. relations with Schelling, XXI. 390; 669; XXIII. 653; conquest of, by the 165; XI. 633; improved by Drummond, Schopenhauer's opposition to, XX1.452. Turks, XXIII. 643.

VII. 480. HEGELIANISM, in philosophy, XI. 618; HEKABE, or Hecuba, wife of Priam of HELIOTROPE, mineral, xi. 634; xvi. Vera's, xxiv. 162. Troy, XI. 609.

389. HEGEMANN, Captain, German Arctic HEKTOGRAPH METHOD, of writing, plant, XI. 633. explorer, XIX. 323. XXIV. 697.

HELIOTROPION, Syros, cave showing HEGESIAS, Cyrenaic philosopher, viii. HEKTOREVIC, Peter, Ragusan poet, XXI. turning-point of the sun, XVIII. 733. 586. 690.

HELIOTROPISM, turning to the light, of HEGIRA, or Hijra, Era of the, IV. 679; HELAGS FJELL, mountain, Sweden, plants, XIX. 58. V. 717; XVI. 545, 551.

XXII. 736.

HELIOTROPIUM, genus of plants, XI. HEIBERG, Johan Ludvig, Danish poet, HELDEN BUCH, collection of German 633; XII. 263. XI. 621; VII. 92.

tales, X. 525; XX. 657.

HELIOTYPE, method of photographic HEIDE, town, Prussia, XI. 622.

HELDER, township, Holland, XI. 629. printing, XVIII. 832. HEIDEGGER, John Henry, Swiss theo- | HELEN, of Greek legend, XI. 629. HELIOZOA, class of Protozoa, xix. 844. logian, XI. 622.

HELENA, of Greek legend, XI. 629; Helix, genus of Mollusca, xvi. 661; HEIDELBERG, town, Germany, XI. 622; XVIII. 295; Zeuxis's picture of, xxiv. XXII. 187. library, xiv. 527, 546; university, 783.

HELL, in eschatology, VIII. 536; Xiv. XXIII. 840.

companion of Simon Magus, XXII. 646; of Buddhism, IV.433; Mandæan, HEIDELOFF, Karl Alexander von, 8o.

XV. 469; Zoroastrian, XXIV. 823. German architect, XI. 624.

St, mother of Constantine the HELLANICUS, Greek logographer and HEIDENHAIN, Rudolf, on animal mag Great, XI. 630; legend of her inven historian, XI. 634. netism, XV. 278. tion of the cross, Vi. 610.

HELLAS, ancient Greece, XI. 80. HEILAND, or Heliand, old Saxon poem, Euripides's play, viii. 677. HELLEBORE, plant, XI. 635; as garden XI. 630; X. 522.

town, Montana, U.S.A., XVI. 774. perennial, XII. 251. HEILBRONN, town, Würtemberg, Ger Mount, California, XXIII. 801. HELLEBRAND, or

Hildebrand (Pope many, XI. 624; population, XXIV. 701. HELENSBURGH, town, Scotland, XI. 630. Gregory VII.), XI. 176. HEILIGENBLUT, town, Tyrol, Organ of HELGOLAND, or Heligoland, island, HELLENES, ancient Greeks, XI. 90, 93. church at, xvII. 836.

North Sea, XI. 630.

HELLENICA, Xenophon's work, xxiv. HEILIGENSTADT, town, Prussia, XI. 624. HELIÆA, body of Athenians acting as 721. HEILIGMANN, Andreas, German Re jurors, XXII. 254.

HELLENICUS, Greek chronologist, v. former, XVIII. 55.

HÊLIAND, old Saxon poem, XI. 630; X. 710. HEILSBERG, town, Prussia, XI. 624. 522.

HELLENISM, its influence at the ChrisHEILSBRONN, town, Bavaria, XI. 624. HELIANTHEMUM, garden perennial, tian era, III. 642; in Egypt, xv. HEIM, François Joseph, French painter,

144; among the Jews, XIII. 421 ; XI. 624.

HELIANTHUS, garden perennial, XII. XVIII. 760 ; literature of, XI. 143; HEIMBACH, Karl Wilhelm Ernst, his 251; XXII. 659.

spread of, in Asia, xv. 141; Isocrates edition of the Basilica, III. 420. HELICHRYSUM, genus of plants, xii. on, XIII. 390. HEIMDAL, Norse deity, I, 211.

716.

HELLENISTS, Greek-speaking people, HEINE, Heinrich, German poet and HELICOIDAL ASYMMETRY, in crystal XI. 636. journalist, XI. 625; X. 545. lography, XIX. 313.

English school of, 111. 580. HEINECCIUS, Johann Gottlieb, German Helicon, mountain, Greece, XI. 630; HELLESPONT, strait, Turkey, Xi. 636; jurist, XI. 628. as seat of the Muses, XVII. 74.

III. 797; VI. 823; XV. 820. HEINECKEN, Christian Heinrich, pre of Cyzicus, on eclipses, 11. 747.

HELLEVOETSLUIS, Helvoetsluys, cocious German child, xi. 628. HELICOPTÈRE, Pénaud's flying machine, town, Holland, xi. 643; XXI. 9. HEINHARDUS (Eginhard), biographer of

IX. 321.

Hellin, town, Spain, XI. 637. Charlemagne, VII. 697.

HELIGOLAND, island, North Sea, XI. HELLVILLE, town, Madagascar, XVII. HEINRICHSHALL, Reuss, Germany, its 630.

596. brine springs, XX. 494.

HELIODILUS, genus of owls, XVIII. 89. HELM, or Helmet, headpiece, XI. 637. HEINS, Daniel, Dutch scholar, XI. 628. HELIODORUS, Greek romance-writer, of ships, xxi. 602. HEINSE, Johann Jacob Wilhelm, Ger XI. 632; XX. 635.

HELMAND, river, Afghanistan and man romancist, XI. 628.

Roman surgeon, XXII. 675.

Persia, I. 229; XXII. 100. HEINSIUS, Daniel, Dutch scholar, Xi. HELIOGABALUS, Roman emperor, XI. HELMERS, Jan Frederik, Dutch poet, 628. 632.

XI. 637; XII. 97
- Nikolaes, Dutch scholar, XI. 628; HELIOGRAPHY, signalling by mirrors, HELMET, headpiece, XI. 637.
XII. 95.
XI. 632.

in heraldry, XI. 711. Nikolaes, Dutch romancist, XI. 629. HÉLIOGRAVURE, photographic engrav BEETLE, insect, VI. 134. HEINZERLING, C., his chromo-tanned ing, vill. 440.

HELMHOLTZ, Hermann L. F. von, on leather, xiv. 389.

HELIOMETER, astronomical instrument, acoustics, l. 118; xxiv, 273, 275; his HEIR-AT-LAW, XIII. 77, 197; in Roman XVI. 250, 252; at Oxford, xxIII. 149. theorem of vortex atoms, III. 44; on law, XX. 674, 692, 706, 713.

HELIOPOLIS, ancient town, Egypt, vii. resonant mechanism in the ear, VII. HEIRICUS, or Eric, scholastic philosopher, 769.

593; XVII. 103; experiments in optics, XXI. 420.

(Baalbec), ancient town, Syria, III. XVII. 802 ; on measurement of space, HEIRLOOM, XIX. 733; law relating to, 176.

xv. 664; his double syren, 1. 109, XVIII. 665.

HELIORNIS, genus of birds, XX. 223. 117. HEITSI-EIBIB, Hottentot deity, XII. 311; Helios, sun-god, tutelary deity of HELMINTHOLOGY, Rise of, as a special XVII. 147. Rhodes, XX. 526.

study, xvIII. 258.

XII. 251.

or

XIII. 153.

or

HELMOND, town, Holland, xi. 637. HEMIPTERA, order of insects, XI. 646; | HENNEPIN, Louis, early explorer of HELMONT, Jean Baptiste van, mystic

America, XIV. 318. and alchemist, XI. 638; V. 460; xv. HEMITELIA, genus of trec-ferns, XXIII. HENNEQUIN, Philippe Auguste, French 810; his influence on physical science, 534.

painter, XI. 654. 1. 467.

HEMITROPE CRYSTALS, XVI. 364. HENNERSDORF, town, Saxony, XI. 655. HELMSDALE, town, Scotland, XXII. HEMIURUS, subgenus of marsupial HENOTHEISM, form of religion, XX. 367; 727. mammals, XVII. 796.

XXIII. 235. HELMSLEY CASTLE, Yorkshire, Eng- HEMLOCK, plant, XI. 646; XVII. 232. HENOTICON, of Eastern Church, instruland, xxiv. 749.

SPRUCE, tree, 11. 320; IX. 224; in ment of union, ix. 66; XXIV. 778. HELMSTÄDT, Helmstedt, town, United States, XXIII. 809; the bark HENRIADE, Voltaire's poem, xxiv. 292. Germany, XI. 638; university, xxIII. used for tanning, XIV. 382.

HENRICIANS, religious sect of France, 845, 848.

HEMMINGFORD, Walter, English chroni XI. 674; XXIV. 323. HELODERMA, genus of lizarıls, xiv. cler, XI. 645.

HENRIETTA MARIA, wife of Charles 735; XVI. 218; XX. 451.

HEMONY, F., Dutch bell-founder, III. I. of England, xi. 655. HELODROMAS, genus of birds, XXI. 260. 538.

HENRY I., German king, XI. 666; X. HÉLOISE, Abelard's wife, 1. 34.

HEMP, XI. 647; drug made from, III. 482; XXI. 352. -La Nouvelle, Rousseau's novel, XXI. 627; XI. 648; factories, in England, II., emperor, xi. 666; X. 486; his 26.

VIII. 233; use of, in rope-making, xx. influence in Rome, xx. 790. HELOTS, Spartan bondmen, XI. 638; xv. 843; Indian, XVII. 231.

III., emperor, XI. 667; X. 487; his 96; XXII. 131, 370.

Manila, XV. 488.

influence in Rome, xx. 790. HELPs, Sir Arthur, English writer, XI. CAKE, XVII. 739.

- IV., emperor, XI. 667; X. 487; his 638. HEMP-SEED OIL, XVII. 744.

contest with the papacy, XIII. 471; HELSINGBORG, town, Sweden, XI. 640. HEMPSTEAD, town, Long Island, New XX. 791; his submission to Pope HELSINGFORS, town, Finland, Russia, York, U.S.A., XIV. 866.

Gregory VII., XI. 177. XI. 640; library of, xiv. 549; observa- | HEMS, town, Syria, XI. 649.

V., emperor, xi. 668; X. 489; his tory, XVII. 714; university, xxIII. HEMSTERHUIS, François, Dutch philo investiture dispute with the pope, 852.

sopher, XI. 649; on ästhetics, I. 221. XVIII. 339; XX. 792. HELSINGÖR (Elsinore), town, Denmark, Tiberius, Dutch philologist, XI. VI., emperor, xi. 669; X. 490; XX. VIII. 155.

650; his relations with Ruhnken, XXI. 794. Helst, Bartholomæus van der, Dutch 57

VII., emperor, XI. 669; X. 493; xx. painter, XI. 641.

HENAN-ISHO, Syriac writer, XXII. 843. 798; in Italy, XIII. 477. HELSTON, town, England, XI. 641. HÉNAULT, Charles

Jean François, I., emperor of the East, vi. 630. HELVELLYN, mountain, England, Vi. French historian, XI. 650.

I., king of Castile, XI. 671. 697; XXIV. 513. HENBANE, plant, XI. 650; XVII. 231.

II., of Castile, XI. 671; XXII. 320. HELVETIC REPUBLIC, The, XXII. 793. HENDERSON, Alexander, Scottish eccle III.-IV., of Castile, XI. 672; XXII. HELVÉTIUS, Claude Adrien, French siastic, XI. 651; XXI. 512.

321. philosopher, XI. 642; 1x. 670; ethics Ebenezer, Scottish missionary and I., king of England, XI. 655; VIII. of, viii. 608. writer, XI. 652.

301, 303. HELVIDIUS PRISCUS, Roman senator,

Norman M., his shale retorts, II., of England, XI. 657; VIII. 302, XI. 643. XVIII. 241.

307; IX. 540; XIX. 175; his struggle HELVINE, mineral, xvi. 411.

HENDRICKS, Thomas A., vice-president with Becket, 1. 32; his invasion of HELVOETSLUYS, town, Holland, xi. 643. of the United States, XXIII. 789.

Ireland, XIII. 259; his submission to HELYOT, Pierre, French monastic liis- HENEQUEN, plant fibre, its production Pope Alexander III., I. 487; his relatorian, XI. 643. in Yucatan, XXIV. 758.

tions with Fair Rosamond, xx. 848. HEMANS, Felicia Dorothea, English HENGELO, town, Holland, XVIII. 78.

III., of England, XI. 658; VIII. poetess, XI. 643.

HENGEST AND HORSA, Invasion of 306, 310; his rule in Ireland, XIII. HEMEL-HEMPSTEAD, town, England, England by, VIII. 269.

259; his relations with Simon de XI. 645.

HENGSTENBERG, Ernst Wilhelm, Ger Montfort, XVI. 787. HEMEROBAPTISTS, ancient Jewish sect, man theologian, XI. 652.

IV., of England, xi. 659; VIII. 320; XI. 645.

HENGWRT COLLECTION, Welsh litera his claim to the throne, xiv. 256; his HEMESA (Hems), ancient town, Syria, ture, V. 314.

coronation, vi. 429. XI. 649. HEN-HARRIER, bird, XI. 491.

V., of England, XI. 660; VIII. 320; HEMIANOPSIA, eye disease, XVII. 785. HENKE, Heinrich Philipp Konrad, Ger

in France, ix. 549. HEMIASTER CAVERNOSUS, sea-urchin, man theologian, XI. 653; XX. 290.

VI., of England, XI. 660; VII. 684; HENLE, Friedrich G. J., writer on

VIII. 320; XV. 536; XXIV. 381. HEMICHORDA, branch of Vertebrata, anatomy, 1. 816, 817.

VII., of England, XI. 662; viii. XXIV. 187.

HENLEY, John (Orator Henley), English HEMICRANIA, disease, xvII. 364. writer, XI. 653.

VIII., of England, XI. 662; VIII. HEMIHEDRAL CRYSTALS, XVI. 354.

IN ARDEN, town, England, xxiv. 331; XV. 593; his Six Articles, 11. 654; HEMIMORPHISM, in polarity of crystals, 379.

his pillage of Becket's shrine, 1. 32; HENLEY-ON-THAMES, town, England, Ireland in time of, xiii. 262; his HEMIMYARIA, suborder of Tunicata, XI. 653.

treatment of Thomas More, XVI. 817; XXIII. 615.

HENLEY'S ELECTROMETER, VIII. 118. his attitude towards the Reformation, HEMINGFORD, Walter, English chroni- | HENNA, plant, XI. 654.

xx. 328; his relations with Cranmer, cler, XI. 645.

HENNE, J. A., Swiss writer, XXII. 799. VI. 548; with Thomas Cromwell, vi. HEMIPLEGIA, disease, XVIII. 255. HENNEBONT, town, France, XI. 654; 606; with Cardinal Pole, XIX. 331 : HEMIPODE, Andalucian, bird, xx. 147. XVI. 813.

with Wolsey, XXIV. 635.

XX. 411.

328.

XIX. 312.

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HENRY I., king of France, xi. 669; 18. | HEPATICA, garden perennial, XII. 249. HERACLES, or Hercules, of Greek legend,

537; his wars with William of Nor- HEPATICÆ, group of plants, XIV. 718; XI. 725; XVII. 346; XX. 639.
mandy, XXIV. 575.
XVII. 66.

MAINOMENOS, Euripides's play,
II., of France, XI. 670; IX. 558. HEPATIC Colic, passing of gall-stone, VIII. 676.
III., of France, XI. 670; 1X. 561,
VI. 140.

HERACLIDÆ, Dorian race, Greece, VIII. 562; his flight from Poland, xix. TIC VEIN, XXIV. 108.

477; XI. 92. 292. HEPATITE, mineral, xvi. 400.

HERACLIDES PONTICUS, Greek miscel. · IV., of France (III. of Navarre), HEPATIZATION, Red and grey, diseases, laneous writer, XI. 681. XI. 671; ix. 562; his relation to the

XIX. 249, 250.

HERACLIDS, in the Peloponnesus, vil. popedom, xix. 505; toleration of the HEPBURN, James, earl of Bothwell, iv. 477; XI. 92. Huguenots by, XII. 338.

164; XV. 595; XXI. 504.

HERACLITUS of Ephesus, Greek metaI.-II., kings of Navarre, XI. 672. HEPHÆSTIA, town, Lemnos, XIV. 437. physician, XI. 681; on evolution, VIII.

III., of Navarre (Henry IV. of HEPHÆSTIADES (Lipari Islands), Medi 755; his logic, xiv. 784; on scepticism, France, q.v.), XI. 671. terranean Sea, XIV, 682.

XXI. 379; his influence on Stoicism, (of Burgundy), count of Portugal, HEPHÆSTION, friend of Alexander the XXII. 564. XIX. 539.

Great, XI. 678; 1. 484; XVIII. 585. HERACLIUS, emperor of the East, XI. I., king of Portugal, XI. 671; XIX. -, grammarian of Alexandria, XI. 682; originator of monothelite con546. 678.

troversy, XVI. 758; his expedition into Prince, the Navigator, of Portugal, HEPHÆSTUS, Greek god (the Latin Persia, xvIII. 614. XI. 672; XIII. 714; XIX. 544; his dis Vulcan), XI. 679; XXIV. 301.

czar of Georgia, XVIII. 646. coveries, X. 179.

(Ptah), Egyptian divinity, VII. HERAD, Norwegian land division, XVII. the Lion, duke of Saxony and 717.

584. Bavaria, XI. 673; X. 490; XXI. 352. HEPHTHALITES, or White Huns, xiv. HERAEUS of Hanau, his platinum produke of Guise (d. 1588), XI. 267; 59; XVIII. 610, 613; XXIII. 639.

cess, XIX. 190. IX. 562.

HEPPINGEN, spa, Prussia, XVI. 436. HERAION, temple of Hera, at Olympia, duke of Guise (d. 1664), XI. 267. HEPTAGLOTT LEXICON, XIX. 417.

Greece, XVII. 769. Wryneck, duke of Lancaster, xiv. HEPTAMERON, tales by Queen Margaret HERALD, messenger between sovereigns 255. of Navarre, ix. 653; XV. 539.

or armies, xi. 687; in feudal times, - of Castile, senator of Rome, xx. HEPTANESIAN ISLANDS, Greece, XIII. XIV. 117. 797

205.

HERALDRY, XI. 683; its value in the Deacon, monk of Cluny, xi. HEPTAPLUS, Pico's work, xix. 81. archæology, 11. 343; crosses in, vi. 613; 674; XIV. 288.

HEPTARCHY, in England, vill. 269. connexion of fiags with, ix. 278; its of Ghent, scholastic writer, XI. HEPTATEUCH, Ælfric's, vill. 382.

influence on mediæval dress, XI. 464. HERA, Greek goddess (the Latin Juno), HERAPATHITE, quinine compound, xx. - of Huntingdon, English chronicler, XI. 679; XIII. 778; XVIII. 295; temple 185. XI. 674.

of, at Olympia, 11. 347; XVII. 766, 769; HERAT, town, Afghanistan, XI. 713; its Fort, United States, taking of temple of, at Samos, XXI. 250.

relations with Persia, xvIII. 649, 650. (1862), XXIII. 776.

HERACLAS, bishop of Alexandria, his HÉRAULT, department, France, XI. 715. Joseph, American physicist, XI. relations with Origen, XVII. 840. HERBACEOUS PLANTS, IV. 95. 675.

HERACLEA, town, Caria, Asia Minor, XI. HERBAGE CROPS, Culture of, 1. 370. Matthew, English Biblical com 681.

HERBALL, Gerard's work, X. 441. mentator, XI. 676.

(Trachis), ancient town, Greece, HERBALS, Early, xv. 805. Patrick, American statesman, XI. XXIII. 494.

HERBARIUM, XI. 715; Hooker's, XII. 676; 1. 721.

(Policoro), ancient town, South 152. Paul and Prosper, their telescope Italy, XI. 681; XV. 37.

HERBART, Johann Friedrich, German at Paris, xxIII. 148, 153.

(Platani), ancient town, Sicily, XI. philosopher, XI. 718; his logic, xiv. Robert, Scottish historian, X1. 677. 681.

794. William, English chemist, XI. PERINTHUS, town, Thrace, xvIII. HERBELOT, Barthélemy d', French 677. 535.

Orientalist, XI. 720. IV., V. and VI., Shakespeare's PONTICA (Bender Eregli), ancient HERBERAY, Nicolas de, French transplays, XXI. 761, 763, 764.

town, Phrygia, Asia Minor, lator of Amadis, xx. 654. GRÂCE DE DIEU, warship, XVII. 681.

HERBERT, bishop of Glasgow, XIV. 41. 281.

SINTICA (Zervokhori), ancient Lord, of Cherbury, English philoGUN BARREL, XI. 283. town, Macedonia, XI. 681.

sopher, XI. 722; on deism, VII. 34. RASPE, landgrave of Thuringia, HERACLEAN STONE, magnetic iron ore, George, English religious poet, XI. XV. 219.

721. HENRYSON, Robert, early Scottish poet, HERACLEIA, or Heraclea (q.v.), ancient Henry William, English novelist XI. 677.

towns of Greece, Italy, and Sicily, XI. and writer on sports, XI. 721. HENSLOW, Prof., on fossil animal re 681.

Sir Thomas, English traveller and mains as manure, 1. 348; VI. 353. HERACLEIDÆ, Euripides's play, VIII. writer, XI. 721. HENSLOWE, Philip, English dramatist, 676.

HERBS, Kitchen, XII. 289. XI. 678.

HERACLEION (Candia), ancient town, HERCULANEUM, ancient town, Italy, HENSON PAVEMENT, XX. 586.

Crete, iv. 802.

XI. 723; XIX. 444; XXIV. 196; street HENSON'S FLYING MACHINE, I. 202; HERACLEON, Italian Gnostic, xi. 681; architecture of, 11. 421; ancient MSS.

XXIV. 38.

found in, XVIII. 145. HENZADA, district, British Burmah, xi. HERACLEOTIC CHERSONESE, Crimea, HERCULANO, Alexandre, Portuguese 678; XXIII. 330. XXI. 616.

novelist, XIX. 557.

674.

XI.

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X. 491.

IX. 322.

XX. 514.

HERCULES, of Greek mythology, xi. | HERISAU, town, Switzerland, XI. 739; HERMITE, Charles, on squaring the 725; XVII. 346; romances relating to, XXII. 778.

circle, XXII. 436. XX. 639.

HERITABLE JURISDICTIONS, in Scots HERMITS, Monastic, XVI. 698. I.-II., princes of Este, VIII. 559. law, XI. 739.

HERMOCRATES, of Plato, XIX. 209. BATHS, Banat, Hungary, xv. 830; HERITABLE PROPERTY, in Scots law, Syracusan ruler, XXII. 814. XVI. 435.

XVIII, 665.

HERMOGENES,

of Tarsus, Greek HERCULIUS, surname of Maximianus, HERITAGE, in Scots law, XIII, 77. rhetorician, XI. 751; his rhetoric, xx. Roman emperor, xv. 644.

HERLEN, Fritz, German painter, XI. 514. HERCYNIAN MOUNTAINS, Austria, III. 739.

HERMOGENIAN CODE, in Roman law, 116. HERLEVA, mother of William the Con

XX. 711. HERCYNITE, mineral, xvi. 386.

queror, XVII, 542.

HERMON, mountain, Syria, XI. 751. HERDER, Johann Gottfried von, Ger- HERMAGORAS, of Temnos, rhetorician, HERMONTHIS (Arment), ancient town, man writer, XI. 727; X. 537; his

Egypt, VII. 782. estimate of Kant, XIII. 846; on the HERMANDAD, Santa, Spanish confedera- HERMOPOLIS, town, Syra, Greece, XXII. Song of Solomon, v. 33. tion, XXII. 326.

813. HERDERITE, mineral, xvi. 408. HERMANFRIED, Frankish king, X. 476. MAGNA (El-Ashmooneyn), ancient HEREDITAMENTS, Corporeal and in- | HERMANN, German chronicler, XI. 739. town, Egypt, VII. 775. corporeal, xx. 306.

Friedrich Benedict Wilhelm von, HERMOSILLO, town, Mexico, XI. 752. HEREDITY, in biology, 1. 87; 111. 687; German political economist, XI. 739; HERMOTIMUS, Lucian's dialogue, xv. IV. 245 ; XX. 421 ; XXIV. 818 ; deaf XIX. 388.

45. muteism arising from, vii. 5; its bear Johann Gottfried Jakob, German | HERMSDORF, town, Prussia, XI. 752. ing upon ethics, viii. 608; its ethno philologist, XI. 741; on the Homeric HERMUNDURI, ancient Germanic tribe, logical aspects, viii. 615; of instinct, poems, XII. 117.

XXIII. 331. XIII. 159; of mental diseases, XIII. 96; Karl Friedrich, German scholar, HERMUS (Gedisz Tchai), river, Asia in plants, I. 87; IV. 245. XI. 741.

Minor, 11. 708. HEREFORD, county, England, XI. 729; - JOSEPH, his contributions to the HERNIA, disease, XI. 752. population and representation, XXIII. Ursula legend, XXIV. 13.

HERNICANS, or Hernici, ancient Italian 727 HERMANNITE, mineral, XVI. 418.

race, XIII. 445; XIV. 344; XX. 739. town, England, XI. 730; news HERMANNS, James (Arminius), Dutch HERNÖSAND, town, Sweden, XI. 754. papers of, xvII. 421.

theologian, II. 551; XII. 78.

HERNSER, bird, XI. 760. Henry, Duke of, xiv. 256. HERMANNSTADT, town, Hungary, XI. HERO, or Heron, mathematician of Nicolas, English Lollard, xiv. 811; 741.

Alexandria, XI. 760; inventor of heathis translation of the Bible, VIII. 383; | HERMANN UND DOROTHEA, Goethe's engine, XXII. 473. XXIV. 710. idyl, X. 732.

AND LEANDER, of Greek legend, HEREFORDS, breed of cattle, 1. 388. HERMANNUS CONTRACTUS, German

XI. 754. HERENCIA, town, Spain, XI. 731. chronicler, XI. 739.

AND LEANDER, Marlowe's lyric, HERENY, Hungary, Observatory at, HERMANRIC, Gothic king, x. 848. XV. 558. XVII. 713.

HERMANSEN, James (Arminius), Dutch HEROD, the Great, king of the Jews, XI. HERER, or Harar, town, North-East theologian, II. 551; XII. 78.

754; XIII. 425; Jerusalem in time of, Africa, XI. 454.

HERMANUBIS, Roman diety, II. 146. XII. 641; temple of, at Jerusalem, II. HERERO, African race, XI. 732. HERMAPHRODITISM, XV. 779; XVI. 764;

393; XXIII. 168. HEREROLAND, district, South - West XXI. 720.

AGRIPPA, tetrarch, XIII. 426. Africa, XI. 731.

HERMAS, Pastor or Shepherd of, early ANTIPAS, tetrarch of Galilee, XI. HERESIES, Hippolytus's refutation of, Christian work, II. 180, 197; the

755; XIII. 426. XI. 854; Irenæus's treatise on, XIII. Gospels not quoted in, X. 815.

PHILIP, tetrarch of Ituræa, XI. 273.

HERMENEUTICS, Biblical, XI. 741; 755. HERESY, XI. 732; first English statute Ernesti's works on, viii. 527.

HERODES ATTICUS, benefactor of against, VIII. 325; treatment of, by HERMES, Greek god (the Roman Mer Athens, III. 9, 61; exedra of, at the Roman Church, xiii. 91; applica cury), XI. 749; XVI. 31; statue of, at Olympia, XVII. 769. tion of torture in trials for, xxIII. Pharæ, XIV. 248; statuette group in- HERODIAN NUMERALS, XVII. 625. 463; witchcraft as, xxiv. 620.

cluding, XXIII. 192.

HERODIANS, Jewish sect, XI. 755. HEREWARD, English chief, vill. 292.

Harris's work on grammar, XI. 493. HERODIANUS, Greek historian, XI. 756. HERFORD, town, Prussia, XI. 738.

Georg, German Catholic theologian, Ælius, Roman grammarian, XI. HERIBERT, archbishop of Milan, XIII.

756; Greek notation of numerals 470.

HERMESIANAX, Greek poet, XI. 751. named after him, XVII. 625. HÉRICART, Marie, wife of La Fontaine, HERMES TRISMEGISTUS, of Egyptian HERODIAS, wife of Herod Antipas, XI. XIV. 204. mythology, XI. 750; I. 462.

755. HERING, Ewald, his speculations in HERMETICS, or Alchemy, I. 459. HERODIONES, group of birds, xvIII. 47. physiology, XIX. 22.

HERMIAS, Tomb of, at Cyprus, X. 648. HERODOTUS, Greek historian, XI. 756, HERIOT, obligation attaching to copy- | HERMINONES, ancient Germans, X. 473. 141 ; on the Medo-Persian empire, hold tenure, VI. 356.

HERMIT, The, poem by Thomas Parnell, XVIII. 561 ; on the topography of George, founder of Heriot's Hospital, XVIII. 318.

Babylon, III. 182. Edinburgh, XI. 738.

HERMITAGE CASTLE, Roxburgh, Scot Rennell's Geographical System of, HERIOT'S HOSPITAL, Edinburgh, vii. land, XXI. 34.

XX. 400. 666. HERMITAGE WINE, XXIV. 606.

HEROES, Mythical, XVII. 158. HERI-RUD, river, Transcaspian region, HERMIT CRAB, VI. 642, 656; parasite HEROICON, Philostratus's rk, xvIII. Russia, XVI. 41; XXIII. 512. of, XVIII. 260, 261.

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XI. 750.

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