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FUSlNG-POINTS, of alloys, XX. 132.

FUSIYAMA, Fuji, or Fujisan, volcano, Japan, XIII. 571; XIX. 92.

FUsLEE ERA, Mohammedan, in India, V. 7I9.

FUST, Sir H. Jenner, his decision on church altars, I. 64I.

_, Johann, early German printer, IX. 853; ххш. 684, 687; his Psalter, III. 65 3.

Fusi-IAN, cloth, Ix. 85 5; ххш. 210.

FusTIc, dyestuff, IX. 85 5.

FUTA - JALLoN, district, Senegambia, West Africa, XXI. 661.

FU'I'AK, father of Mani, XV. 482.

FUTTEI-IPOOR (Fathipur), district and town, India, IX. 5o.

_ SIXRI, town, India, IX. 51.

FUTURE, Psychological presentation of the, XX. 64.

_ EVENTS, Mathematical probability of, XIX. 773.

_ STATE, 537~

FUX, Johann Joseph, Austrian musical composer, 1х. 855; XVII. 90.

FUXUM (Foix), ancient town, France, IX. 353

FUZE, or Fuse (gna), Percussion, XI. 305.

FÜzEs-GYARMAT, town, Hungary, XI. 346­

FUzULI, Ottoman poet, XXIII. 656.

FYLKI, Norwegian division of land, XVII. 584.

FYNE, Loch, Scotland, its herring fishery, IX. 260.

FYRD, early English militia, 11. 568.

FVT, Johannes, Flemish painter, IX. 8 56.

FVZABAD (Faizabad), division and district, India, vIII. 855; town, VIII. 855; XVIII. 72.

in eschatology, VIII.

G the seventh letter of the alphabet, ’ X. I.

GA, language and tribe, Gold Coast, Africa, X. 756.

САВ/Е (Ispahan), ancient town, Persia, XIII. 395.

GABAO, river, West Coast, Africa, X. 3.

GABELENTZ, Hans Conon von der, German philologist, X. 1.

GABELSBERGER, F. X., German stenographer, XXI. 841.

GABEs, town, Tunis, XXIII. 620.

(ЗАВЕТ, J., French traveller in Tibet, XIV. 503; XXIII. 338.

GABII, ancient town, Italy, X. 2; XIV. 344

GAaIoN, in fortification, 1X. 424.

GABLE, in architecture, II. 465.

GABLER, Georg Andreas, German philosopher, X. 2.

'_, J ohann Philipp, German theologian, X. 2.

GAsLoNz, town, Bohemia, X. 3.

[graphic]

GABOON, river, West Coast, Africa, X. 3; 1- 254

GABRIAS, or Babrius, Greek fabulist, III. 181.

GABRIEL, of Scripture, X. 3.

_, bishop of Hormizdshcr, Syriac writer, XXII. 837.

_ EAR Вокнт-15но, Syrian physician, XXII. 847.

_ KAMsA, Syriac writer, XXII. 855.

_ TAURETHA, Syriac writer, XXII. 843.

GABRIELLI, Pirro Maria, Italian man of science, XXII. 43.

GABRIG, river, Persia, XVIII. 620.

GAD, prophet, in Scripture, X. 4.

_, Tribe 0f, X. 4.

GADAMES, or Ghadames (аль), town, Sahara, Africa, X. 4.

GADARA, ancient town, Syria, X. 4.

GADDESDEN, John, English Writer on medicine, XV. 807.

GADDI, family of Italian painters, X. 5.

_, Agnolo, X. 5; his glass paintings X. 669.

GADES (Cadiz), ancient town, Spain, IV. 626; XVIII. 806; XXII. 305.

GAD-FLY, VII. 256.

GADIATCH, town, Russia, X. 6.

GADOLINITE, mineral, XIV. 292; XVI. 409—

GADsHILL PLACE, Kent, Dickenss residence, VII. 178.

GADUS, genus of fishes, XI. 363; хп. 691; XIX. 4oz, 650; XXIV. 554.

GADwALI., bird, X. 6.

GEA, Oracle of, at Olympia, XVII. 808.

GAEKWAR, or Gaikwar, Mahratta ruler, III. 381; XV. 290.

GAELIC LANGUAGE, X. 6; V. 298; XIV. 694; dictionaries of, VII. 188.

GAELIc LITERATURE, X. 6; of Scotland, V. 313, 327.

GAELs, V. 297; in Ireland, XIII. 244, 246; in Scotland, XXI. 473; in Wales, XVIII. 482.

GAETA, town, Italy, х. I3.

_, Giovanni da (Pope Gelasius 11.), X. 130.

GAETANO, Giovanni (Pope Nicholas IIL), XVII. 484.

GfETULIA, ancient district, North Africa, х. I4.

G/ETULIANS, people, Mauretania, Africa, Xv. 637; XVII. 628.

САП‘, kind of sail, XXI. 153.

GAGATEs, mineral, XIII. 672.

GAGE, Thomas, English governor of Massachusetts, X. 14; XXIII. 739.

GAGERN, Hans Christoph Ernst, Baron von, German statesman, X. I4.

GAHLAH, гасите mammal, XVIII. 211.

GAHNITE, mineral, XVI. 386.

GAI-IN’s Вши/при, III. 8 37.

GAIA (Oporto), ancient town, Portugal, XVII. 796.

_, village, Paxo, Greece, XVIII. 439.

[graphic]

Смет, town, Russia, X. 16.

GAIKWAR, ruler of Baroda, India, III. 381; XV. 290.

GAILENREUTI-I CAVE, Germany, v. 267.

GAILLAC, town, France, X. I 5.

GAILLARD, Ferdinand, French engraver, VIII. 443.

_, Gabriel Henri, French historian, X. I 5.

GAINSBOROUGH, town, England, X. 15.

_, Thomas, English painter, X. I 5; XXI. 44I.

GAION, or Gaia, Village, Paxo, Greece, XVIII. 439.

CAIR-Fowl., or Gare-Fowl, x. 78; III. 85, 734

GAISERIC, or Genseric (аль), king of the Vandals, X. 159; хх. 781; XXIV. 58.

GAISSIN, town, Russia, X. 16.

GAIUs,Ro1nan jurist, X. 16; хш. 794; his diction and style, XIV. 338; Institutes of, discovered by Niebuhr, XVII. 492.

GAJ, Ljudevit, Croatian writer, XXI. 691.

GALA, river, Scotland, XXIII. 673.

GALAAD, or Galahad, hero of Arthurian romance, XX. 646, 647.

GALABAT, town, Upper Egypt, X. I7.

GALACTIN, constituent of Inilk, XVI. 303.

GALACTITE, mineral, XVI. 423.

GALACTOMETER, for indicating specific gravity of milk, I. 168.

GALACZ (Galatz), town, Roumania, X. 21.

GALAGINIE, subfamily of lemurs, XIV. 442

GALAHAD, or Galaad, hero of Arthurian

’ romance, XX. 646, 647.

GALAM, of Irish legend, XIII. 244.

GALANGAL, aromatic drug, X. I7.

GALANTHUS, genus of plants, XXII. 201.

GALAOR, brother of Amadis of Gaul, XX. 654.

GALAPAGOS ISLANDS, Pacific Ocean, х. 17; birds of, III. 747.

GALAsI-IIELs, town, Scotland, х. 18 ; XXI. 638.

GALATA, part of Constantinople, VI. 306.

GALATEA, of Greek legend, XVII. 346.

_, pastoral by Cervantes, V. 351.

GALATI, ancient Саше tribe, X. III.

GALATIA, division, Asia Minor, X. 18; coins of, XVII. 648; St Paul in, XVIII. 4I9.

GALATIANS, Epistle to the, X. 19.

GALATINA, town, Italy, X. 21.

GALATz, town, Roumania, X. 21; XXI. 16.

GALAUP, J ean François, French navigator, XIV. 298.

GALBA, Scrvius Sulpicius, Roman emperor, X. 21; XVII. 351; XX- 773; his contest with Otho, XVIII. 65.

GALBANUM, gum-resin, X- 22

GALBULA, genus of birds, XIII. 531.

GALcHAs, race of people, Asia, XXIII. 25, 636.

GALDAN, convent, Tibet, XIV. 501.

_, Kalmuk khan, XVI. 745.

GALE, Theophilus, English theologian, X. 23.

_, Thomas, English scholar, X. 23.

GALEAZZO, Gian, count of Pavia, XIII. 478.

GALELA, town, Jilolo, Indian Archipelago, XIII. 692.

GALEN, Christoph Bernhard van, princebishop of Münster, X. 23.

_, Claudius, ancient medical writer, X. 23; xv. 803; as anatomist, I. 803; on arteries and veins, XXIV. 95; on the brain as the seat of intellect, XVIII. 842; his surgery, XXII. 675.

GALENA, mineral, хш. 375; XVI. 391.

_, town, Illinois, U.S.A., X. 24.

GALENSTOCK, mountain, Switzerland, XXIV. 11.

GALEOCERDO, genus of sharks, XXI. 776.

GALEODES, genus of Araehnida, Il. 28o.

GALEOPITIIECIDIE, family of insectivorous mammals, XV. 401.

GALERIUS MAXIMIANUS, Roman empcror, XV. 644.

GALESBURG, town, Illinois, U.S.A., X. 24.

GALEUS, genus of sharks, XXI. 774.

GALGACUS, ancient British chief, IV. 353, 663; 1~ 290

GALGULUS, genus of birds.,î;11. 696.

GALIANI, Ferdinando, Italian political economist, X. 24; х1х. 362.

GALICIA, province, Austria, X. 25; insurrection in (1846), III. 136.

_, province, Spain, X. 26; ххп. 298; dialect of, XXII. 352.

GALIEN, Joseph, his aeronautic chimera, I. 187.

——- LE RIIETORÉ, romance, XX. 652.

GALILEE, province, Palestine, X. 27; XVIII. 171, 177.

_, Sea of, Palestine, X. 29.

GALILEI, Vincenzo, father of Galileo, X. 30; on Inusic, XVII. 86.

GALILEO (Galileo Galilei), Italian man of science, X. 30; anagram of one of his discoveries, I. 791 ; his astronomical discoveries, II. 753; on the rings of Saturn, II. 811; his telescopes, XXIII. 136; his thermometer, XXIII. 288; as а writer, XIII. 511.

GALINDIE, ancient tribes, Lithuania, XIV. 701.

GALINGALE, or Galangal, aromatic drug, X. I7.

GALIN-PARIs-CIIEVÉ, system of musical notation, XVII. Ioo.

GALITCH, town, Russia, X. 37.

GALL, Franz Joseph, Swiss anatomist and phrenologist, X. 37; XVIII. 842. _, Theodore, on the brain, XVIII.

843.

GALLA, race of people, Africa., X. 38; 1.

63, 263.

[graphic]

GALLABAT, or Galabat, town, Upper Egypt, X. I7.

GALLAND, Antoine, French Orientalist, X. 37; translator of Arabian Nights, XXIII. 318.

GALLARATE, town, Italy, X. 38.

GALLAS, or Galla, African race, X. 38; I. 63, 263.

GALLATIN, Albert, American politician, X. 38.

_ MOUNTAINS, Wyoming, U.S.A., XXIV. 737.

GALL-BLADDER, in anatomy, VII. 231; surgical removal of, XXII. 691.

GALLE, J. G., on parallax, XVIII. 249.

_, Point de, town, Ceylon, X. 40.

GALLEGO, dialect of Galicia., Spain, XXII. 352.

GALLEGOS, 353

_, Spanish people, X. 26.

GALLERY, in architecture, II. 465; in tunnelling, XXIII. 622.

GALLEYS, Egyptian and Pliœnician, XXI. 805.

GALL-FLY, XII. 576.

GALLIA, or Gaul (9.11), Х. 111; coins of, XVII. 635; libraries, XIV. 512.

_ NARBONENSIS, XIV. 287.

GALLIc ACID, X. 41; XIV. 381.

GALLICAN CHURCH, Liberties of the, 1x- 543, 550. 578; XIX 506, 507.

GALLICANUS, Vulcatius, Augustan histoi-ian, III. 74.

GALLIEN, Johanna, wife of Wyttenbacli, XXIV. 715.

GALLIENUS, P. Licinius, emperor, X. 42; XX. 776.

GALLINIE, group of birds, XVIII. 46.

GALLINAGO, genus of birds, XXII. zoo.

GALLINULA, genus 0f birds, XVI. 808.

GALLIO, Junius Annœus, Roman proconsul of Achaia, X. 42.

GALLIPOLI, town, Italy, x. 42.

_, town, Turkey, X. 42.

GALLIRALLUS, genus of birds, XVII. 722.

GALLIREX, genus of birds, XXIII. 487.

GALLIUM, chemical element, X. 43.

GALL NUTS, X. 45.

GALLO-GRECIA, or Gelatin, Asia Minor, X. 18.

GALLON, standard of measure, XXIV. 480.

GALLOTANNIC ACID, XXIII. 48.

GALLOWAV, district, Scotland, XIV. 98; XVII. 571; XXIV. 563.

_, Thomas, Scottish mathematician, X. 43.

_ HORSE, XII. 190.

GALLS, Animal and vegetable, X. 43; formation of, XIII. 143; use of, in tanning, XIV. 382.

GALL’S PROCESS,
XXIV. 603.

GALL STONES, use of silicylate of sodium in their treatment, XXI. 217.

river, Patagonia, XVIII.

Roman

in wine-making,

[graphic]

GALLUPPI, Pasquale, Italian philosopher, X. 46.

GALLUS, genus of birds, IX. 491; XIX. 644.

_, brother of the emperorJulian, XIII. 768.

_, C. Cornelius, Roman poet and orator, X. 47; reference to, in Virgi1’s Georgios, XXIV. 253.

, Martin, Polish chronicler, XIX. 299.

GALMEI, mineral, XVI. 410.

GALOIS, Évariste, French mathematician, X. 48.

GALOUBET, musical pipe, XIX. 110.

GALT, town, Ontario, Canada, XVII. 775.

_, John, Scottish novelist, X. 47.

GALTCHA, or Galchas, people, Turkeslan, XXIII. 25, 636.

GALTVIIIORE, mountain, Ireland, XIII. 215; XXIII. 405.

GALUPPI, Baldassare, Italian composer, X. 48.

GALVANI, Luigi, Italian physiologist, X. 48 ; his electrical discoveries, VIII.

[graphic]

9.

GALVANIC BATTERIES, VIII. 92.

GALVANISM, applied to blasting, III. 808 ; Nobili’s discoveries in, XVII. 524.

GALVANIZED IRON, XIII. 357.

GALVANOMETER, for measuring electric currents, X. 49; construction of, VIII. 13; differential, VIII. 43; its use in telegraphy, XXIII. 116.

GALVANOTROPISM, in vegetable physiology, XIX. 60.

GALVESTON, town, Texas, U.S.A., X. 53; XXIII. 205.

GALVEZ, Bernard, Spanish governor of New Orleans, XVII. 404.

GALWAV, county, Ireland, X. 55; population and representation, XXIII. 727; town, X. 56; Qucen’s College at, XXIII. 85 5.

GAMA, Vasco da, Portuguese navigator, X. 57 ; his discoveries, X. 181; doubling of Cape of Good Hope by, V. 44; his expedition to India, XII. 796

GAMALIEL, Jewish rabbis, X. 58.

GAMARRA, General, ruler in Peru, XVIII. 678.

GAMASIDES, family of acarids, II. 276.

GAMBA, organ pipe, XVII. 83o.

GAMBASSI, or Ghambasso, F. D. L., his glass paintings, X. 670.

GAMBE'I'TA, Leon, French politician, IX. 626.

GAMBIA, colony and river, West Africa, X. 59; 1.253; XXI. 661; birds of, 111. 759

GAMBIER, Lord, English admiral, X. 60.

_ ISLANDS, South Pacific, XXIII. 602.

GAMBIR, dyestufï, v. 220; XIV. 382.

GAMsIT, in chess, v. 593.

GAMBLING, Law in relation to, X. 67.

GAMBOA, Sarmiento de, Patagonian explorer, XVIII. 353.

GAsIBoGE, gum-resin, X. 60; IV. 725; XIX. 87.

GAME, Preservation of, its influence оп agriculture, I. 410; on land tenure, XIV. 27o, 276.

_ FowLs, XIX. 644.

_ LAws, х. 61; in relation to Sabbath observance, XXII. 655; in Switzerland, XXII. 777.

GAMES, Ancient, X. 63; gladiatorial, X. 632; Olympic, XVII. 766; secular, at Rome, XXI. 618.

_, Modern, their legal aspects, X. 66; XXIV. 305.

GAMETES, reproductive cells of plants, XX. 42 5.

GA.\IING, its legal aspects, X. 66; XXIV. 3o5.

GAMLIEL, or Gamaliel, Jewish rabbis, X. 58.

GAMMA FUNCrIoN, Tables of, XXIII. I4.

GAMMER GURToN’s NEEDLE, Still's comedy, VII. 428; XXII. 55o; Skelton’s song in, XXII. 120.

GAIIIoGENEsIs, sexual generation, III. 686.

CAMPO, Srong Tsan, Tibetan king, XIV. 228.

GAMUT, in music, XVII. 80.

GAND (Ghent, илл), town, Belgium, X. 562.

GANDAK, river, Nepal, XVII. 34o.

GANDER, river, Newfoundland, XVII. 382.

GANDERSIIEIM, town and abbey, Germany, X. 67; the nun of (HrosVitha), writer, XII. 326.

GANDIA, town, Spain, X. 67.

_, Duke of (Francis Borgia), IX. 694.

САМБО, kingdom, Soudan, Africa, X. 67; XXII. 279.

CANDY, William, English painter, XX. 5oz.

GANELON, of the Roland legends, XX. 626.

GANGANELLI, Giovanni V. A. (Pope Clement ХИЛ), V. 823.

GANGES, river, India, X. 68; XII. 732; XVII. 572; canal, II. 222; valley, III. 562.

GANGI, town, Italy, х. 68.

GANGLIA, nerve centres, I. 858; XIX. 37; in sympathetic nervous system, I. 883; in Mollusca, XVI. 637, 643.

GANGOII, town, India, XXI. I 52.

GANGOTRI, place of pilgrimage, India, X. 69.

GANGPUR, state, India, X. 69; v. 768.

GANGRA, town, Asia Minor, XVIII. 228.

GANGRENE, disease, XVI. 849; treatment of, XXII. 683.

GANG-SAws, XXI. 344.

GANGUE, matrix of ores, XVI. 59.

[graphic]

GAN-HwUV, province, China, V. 635.

(БАШ, islands, Ladrones, South Pacific, XIV. 199.

GANILH, Charles, French economist, X. 69.

САША, or Bhang, plant, III. 627; XI. 648.

GAN JAM, district, India, X. 69.

GAN-KING, town, China, v. 635.

GANNAL, Jean Nicolas, French chemist, X. 7o.

GANNAT, town, France, X. 7o.

сшит, bird, X. 7o.

GANOIDEI, or Ganoids, group of fishes, I. 275; XII. 686; in Lankesteŕs classi» fication, XXIV. 812.

GANS, Edward, German jurist, X. 71.

GANSBACHER, Johann Baptist, Tyrolese musical composer, X. 72.

GANSIIA, town, Russia, VIII. 146.

GANVMEDE, in Greek mythology, X. 72.

_, Rape of, sculpture by Lcochares, XIV. 4 54.

GAOLS, prisons, XIX. 747; discipline of, XIX. 747; Mrs Fry’s reforms, IX. 805; HowaId's, XII. 320.

GAP, town, France, X. 72.

GARA, Lough, Ireland, XX. 850; XXII. I 59.

GARAMA (Germa), ancient town, Africa, Ix. I3o.

GARASSE, François, French Jesuit, IX. 661.

GARAT, Dominique writer, X. 73.

_, Pierre Jean, French composer and singer, X. 73.

GARAY, J anos, Hungarian poet and historian, X. 73; XII. 378.

GARAVE, La, chateau at Dinan, France, VII 242.

GARBO, Ratïaellino del, Italian painter, X. 73.

GARçAO, Pedro Antonio Correa, Portuguese poet, X. 74.

GARCIA, town, Mexico, XXIV. 761.

_, king of Galicia, Spain, I, 615.

_, Adolfo, Peruvian poet, XVIII. 676.

_, Andres de Cespedes, Spanish geographer, XVII. 253.

_, Manoel, Spanish composer and singer, X. 74.

_, Vicens, Catalan writer, XXII. 364.

_ DE SILVA, Don, Spanish envoy to Persia, XVIII. 638.

GARcILAso DE LA VEGA, Spanish soldier and poet, X. 74. See Vega. GARcILAso INCA DE LA VEGA, Spanish

historian, X. 74.

GARCINIA, genus of trees, X. 60; XV. 481.

GARczVNsXI, Stephen, poet of the Ukraine, XIX. 305.

GARD, department, France, X. 75.

GARDA, Lake of, Italy, X. 75; XIII. 440

GARDAIA, town, North Africa, X. 76.

political

Joseph, French

[graphic]

GARDELEGEN, or Gardeleben, town, Prussia, X. 76.

GARDEN CALENDAR, XII. 290.

GARDEN CITY, Long Island, .New York, U.S.A., XIV. 866.

GARDENING, Science and practice of, XII. 211.

GARDIE, Count de la, Swedish general and chancellor, XXII. 748.

GARDINER, town, Maine, U.S.A., X. 76.

_, Colonel James, Scottish soldier, X. 76.

_, Stephen, bishop of Winchester, lord chancellor, X. 76; VIII. 333, 339.

GARE-Fowl., or Great Auk, X. 78; III. 85. 734

GARESSIO, Garesso, or Garezzo, town, Italy, X. 80.

GARFIELD, James Abram, president of United States, XXIII. 785, 788.

GAR-FISH, X. 80.

GAR-FOWL, or Gare-Fowl (ум), X. 78.

GARGANEY, bird, X. 80.

GARGANO, Monte, mountain,`ltaly, XIII. 439

GARGANTUA, Rabelaiss work, IX. 652; XX. 194, 196.

GARGARUs, Mount, Asia Minor, 11. 706.

GARGOYLE, in architecture, II. 465.

GARGUNNOCX HILLS, Scotland, XXII. 553

GARIIAXOTA, town, India, XXI. 146.

GARI-IwAL, district, India, x. 80; XVII. 572

GARIBALDI, Giuseppe, Italian lìberator, XIII. 487, 489; his defence of Rome, XX. 807; his expedition to Sicily and Naples, IX. 625.

GARIN DE MONTGLANE, romance, XX. 651.

GARIOCH, district of Scotland, I. 44.

GARIoPoNTUs, шииты writer on medicine, XV. 806.

GARLANDE, Mathilde de, founder of Port Royal abbey, XIX. 5 3 3.

GARLIC, plant, X. SI; XII. 283.

GARLIEsTowN, town, Scotland, XXIV. 562.

GARMEN'I-s, VI. 453.

GARNERIN, Jacques, French aeronaut, I. zoo.

CARNET, precious stone, X. 8 I, 228: XVI. 411.

GARNIER, Germain, French political economist, X. 82; XIX. 395.

_, J. J., his method of working nickel, XVII. 487.

_, Marie Joseph François, French ofiicer and explorer, X. 82; IV. 624; XXIV. 44I.

_, Robert, French draniatist, VII. 42 3 ; IX. 652.

GARNIERITE, mineral, XVII. 487.

GARNIsIIEE, in law, III. 5I.

GAROFALO, Il (Benvenuto
Italian painter, XXIII. 409.

Tisio), GARONNE, river, France, X. 8 3 ; IX. 506; at Toulouse, XXIII. 484.

_, Haute, department, France, X. 8 3.

GAR-PIKE, fish, XII. 687.

GARRETT, J. B. de Almeida, Portuguese poet, XIX. 557.

GARRICK, David, English actor, X. 83; his influence on English drama, VII. 437

GARRISON, “шпат Lloyd, American abolitionist, x. 85; XVII. 433; XXII. 142; XXIII. 767.

_ ARTILLERV, II. 664, 668.

_ LIBRARIES, of British army, II. 586.

GARROD, Alfred Henry, on birds, XVIII. 39

GARRULUS, genus of birds, XIII. 610.

GARSAURITIS, region, Asia Minor, V. 75.

CARTER, principal king at arms, XI. 687.

_, Order of the, XIV. 122.

GARTH, Sir Samuel, English poet, X. 87.

GARUA, mists, Peru, XVIII. 670.

GARUDA, fabulous Indian bird, XX. 611.

GARUMNA (Garonne),
France, X. 83.

GARVIE, fish, XXII. 432; fisheries, IX. 262.

GARVOGUE, river, Ireland, XXII. 159.

GARVOLIN, town, Russian Poland, XXII. 37

GARz, town, Rügen, Prussia, XXI. 57.

GAS, or Coal Gas, for lighting, X. 87; Murdock’s discovery of the application of, XVII. 53; as fuel, XXII. 182; fuel for iron smelting, XIII. 293; for lighthouses, XIV. 627; Vitiation of air by the burning of, XXIV. 158; natural, in United States, XXIII. 813.

GASALAND, Africa, Languages of, XXIV. 828.

GAS-BURNERS, X. 97.

GAS-CARBON, V. 399.

GASCOIGNE, George, English poet, X. 103.

_, Sir William, English chief justice, X. 103.

_, William, inventor of the micrometer, XVI. 242; XXIII. 136.

GASCONV, province, France, X. 103.

GAS-ENGINES, XXII. 523.

GASES, defined, VI. 310; absorption of, in plants, XIX. 45; in coal-mines, VI. 72; XVI. 459; density of, XII. 460; diffusion of, VII. 215; diffusion rate of, XI. 33; dilatation of, III. 35; Gay-Lussac on dilatation of, X. 122; elasticity of, VII. 801; Regnault on expansibility of, XX. 347; expansion of, by heat, XI. 574; laws of, V. 468; XXII. 479; Iiquefaction of, VIII. 732; magnetism of, XV. 263; molecular laws of, XVI. 611; molecular theory, III. 38; physical properties of, XIX. 24o; poisonous, XIX. 279; volcanic, X. 241; waste, from furnaces, XIII. 307.

ancient river,

[graphic]
[graphic]

GASFITTING, Iv. 510.

GAS FURNACE, IX. 844.

GAS HARMONICON, I. 115.

GASKELL, Mrs, English novelist, X. 103.

GAS-LIGHTING, x. 87; introduced by Accum, I. 92.

GASOLENE, or Gasoline, paraflin and petroleum product, XVIII. 242, 719. GASPARIN, Count Agenor de, FIench

spiritualist, XXII. 407.

GASPARINO, of Ванна, Italian Latin writer, XIV. 342.

GAS~POISONING, XV. 781.

GAS-PI'ROMETRV, Xx. 129.

GASSENDI, Pierre, French philosopher, X.8105; IX. 660; on evolution, VIII. 75 ~

GASSNER, Joseph, German magnetizer, XV. 277.

GAST, Luc de, trouvere of English birth, хх. 644.

GASTEIN, Valley, Salzburg, Austria, X. 107; mineral springs of, XVI. 433; convention of (1865), X. 5II.

GASTEROMYCETES, suborder of Fungi, IX. 833.

GASTEROPODS, group of Mollusca, XXII. 187.

GASTEROSTOMID/E, family of trematode worms, XXIII. 5 39.

GAS-THERMOMETER, XX. 130.

GASTON I.-lV., counts of Foix, IX. 354.

_, Jean Baptiste, duke of Orleans, XVII. 852.

GASTRIC CATARRH, disease, XXII. 574.

GASTRIC FEVER, XXIII. 678; in the horse, XXIV. 203.

GASTRIC JUICE, XVII. 673, 675.

GASTROPODA, class of l\Iollusca, XVI. 641; in Lankester’s classification, XXIV. 813.

GASTROSTEUS, genus of fishes, XXII. 548

GASTRULA, stage of animal embryo, II. 5I; VIII. 747.

GASTRUS EQUI, animal parasite, XXIV. 205.

GASzVNSKI, C., Polish poet, XIX. 304.

GATAKER, Thomas, English divine, X. 107.

GATCI-IINA, town, Russia, X. 108; XXI. 190.

GATE-HOUSE, in architecture, II. 465.

GATEI-IOUSE, town, Scotland, XIV. 98.

GATES, Horatio, American general, X. 108; XXIII. 744.

GATESHEAD, town, England, х. 108.

GATES OF LIGHT, Kabbalistic work, XIII. 813.

GATH, town of the Philistines, X. 108; XVIII. 75 5.

GATIIAS, Zoroastrian hymns, XXIV. 775, 777

GATINAIS, district, France, XIV. 809.

GÀTINE, part of Deux-Sèvres, France, XXI. 710.

[graphic]

GATLING GUN, X1. 285; XVII. 286.

GATTV, Mrs Alfred (Aunt Judy), English tale-writer, X. 109.

GAUCI-IOS, class of people, Argentine Republic, 11. 493.

GAUDEN, John, bishop of Exeter, X. 109.

GAUDICIIAUD - BEAUPRÉ,
French botanist, X. 109.

GAUDUS (Gozo), island, Mediterranean,
XV. 341.

GAUERMANN, Friedrich, Austrian paint~ er, X. 109.

GAUGAIN, J. M., his electrical researches, VIII. 37; his discharging electroscope, VIII. 118.

GAUGAMELA, Mesopotamia, Battle of (331 B.C.), I. 482; XV. 140; XVIII. 582.

GAUGE, for comparative measurement, X. 110.

_, Pressure, XV. 494.

_, Railway, XX. 241, 25 3.

GAUGES, Battle of the, for English railways, IV. 397.

GAUGING, of casks, XVI. 28.

GAUHATI, tomi, Assam, India., x. III.

GAUL, ancient сопли-у from Rhine to Pyrenees, X. III; Cœsaŕs invasion of, 1V. 636; under Rome, XX. 774, 776, 778, 781; coins of, XVII. 635; inhabitants, IX. 527; language, V. 297; libiaries, XIV. 512.

GAULONITIS, province, Bashan, III. 410.

GAULS, their attacks on Rome, XX. 74o, 743; of Northern Italy, XIII. 446; under Brennus, IV. 257; in Asia Minor, X. 19.

GAULUS (Gozo), island, Mediterranean Sea, XV. 341.

GAUMATA, the False Smerdis, Persian usurper, XVIII. 568.

GAUNT, John of, duke of Lancaster, VIII. 319, 327, 328; XIV. 255; his patronage of Wycliffe, XXIV. 709.

GAUNTLET, armoured glove, X. 692.

GAUR, mediaeval town, Bengal, India, X. 112.

GAUSS, Carl Friedrich, German mathematician, X. 116; OII determinants, I. 516; his force function, V. 57; on the distribution of magnetism, XV. 228, 237, 249; on map projection, X. 207; on the theory of parallels, XVIII. 2 55.

GAUSSEN, F. S. R. Louis, Swiss theologian, X. 116.

GAUSSIAN LOGARITHMS, tables of, XXIII. 12.

GAUTAMA, Siddhartha, the Buddha, IV. 426.

GAUTIER, Théophile, French writer, X. 117; 1х. 677.

GAUZE, woven fabric, X. 118.

GAVARNI (S. G. Chevalier), French caricaturist, X. 118; v. 105.

GAVARNIE, district, France, XX. 125, 127.

Charles,

XIV. 777;

GAVE DE PAU, river, France, XVIII. 414; XX. 126.

GAVELKIND, system of land tenure, England, X. 119; V. 800; XIX. 733; XX. 3o5, 3o7; in Ireland, XIII. 218.

GAVESTON, Piers, earl of Cornwall, VII. 683; VIII. 313.

CAVI/E, group of birds, XVIII. 45.

GAVIAI., Indian crocodile, VI. 593.

GAVRE, Prince of (Lamoral Egmont), VII. 699.

GAVRILOVSK, town, Russia, XXIV. 271.

GAWLER, town, South Australia, XXII. 284.

GAY, Delphine (Madame de (Люпин), French writer, X. 621.

_, John., English poet, X. 119; XVIII.

7.

Е, Narie Françoise, French authoress, X. 120.

GAYA, district and town, India, X. 120.

_ HARBOUR, British North Borneo, XXI. 123.

GAV- LUssAc, Joseph Louis, French physicist and chemist, X. 121; his balloon experiments, I. 194; 0n fermentation, IX. 93; on the combinations of gases, V. 465; his experiments on prussic acid, XX. 22; his process of silver assaying, II. 727.

GAYLUssI'I-E, mineral, XVI. 399; XXII. 24o.

GAVsIN, town, Russia, XIX. 254.

GAZA, town of the Philistines, Palestine, X. 124; XVIII. 755; battle of (1244), XXIII. 161.

-­­­, Theodorus, Greek scholar, X. 125.

GAZELLE, antelope, 11. 101.

GAZETTE, London, oflicial newspaper, X. 125; establishment of, XVII. 415. `

-— DE FRANCE, newspaper, XVII. 42 3.

GAZUL, Clara, her alleged dramatic works (Mérimóe’s), XVI. 37.

GCALEKALAND, district of Kaffraria, South Africa, XIII. 817.

Сноп‘, шит, Russia, XXI. 190.

GEAN TREE, wild cherry, V. 586.

GEARXSUTITE, mineral, XVI. 384.

GEBAL (Jebeil), ancient town, Syria, XIII. 613.

­­­­ BARKAL, Ethiopia, Pyramids of, XX. 124.

GEBER (Abu Musa Dschabir), early chemist, X. 125; his discoveries, I. 464.

AL-BATANI (Al-Banani, qm), Arabian astronomer, II. 7 51.

­­­­­ B. AFLAH, Arabian astronomer, XXIII. 562.

GEIIIR, Landers poem, XIV. 278. GEBIROL, Ibn (Avicebron, q.v.), Jewish writer, III. 152; XIII. 814; XXI. 426. GEBwEILER, town, Alsace, Germany, X.

126.

GEcINUs, genus of birds, ххш. 651.

GEcXos, GEcKoTID/E, family of lizards, X. 126; XIV. 734, 737.

GED, William, print/er, X. 127.

[graphic]
[graphic]

GEDDES, Alexander, Scottish Biblical critic, X. 127.

_, Jenny, originator of uproar against Scottish liturgy, XXI. 512.

GEDRosIA, Parthian вытру, XVIII. 586.

GEDYMIN, king of Lithuania, XIV. 702. '

GEEL, or Gheel, town, Belgium, X. 562.

GEELONG, town, Victoria, Australia, X. 128.

GEELVINK BAV, New Guinea, XVII. 386.

GEEsE, poultry, X. 777; XIX. 647.

GEEST, district, Oldenburg, Germany, XVII. 757.

GEEsTEMÜNDE, town, Germany, X. 128.

GEEZ, language of Abyssinia, I. 64; VIII. 612; XXI. 654.

GEEZEH, Ghizeh, or Gizeh, Egypt, Pyramids of, II. 385; V11. 771; xX. 123.

GEFLE, town, Sweden, X. 128; XXII. 742

GEFLEBORG, county, Sweden, XXII. 741.

GEGEN KHAN, Mongol ruler, XVI. 742.

GEI-IENNA, in eschatology, VIII. 5 36.

GEHLENITE, mineral, XVI. 412.

GEIB, John, pianoforte maker, XIX. 74.

GEIBEL, Emmanuel, German lyrist, X. 546

GEIGE, musical instrument, XXIV. 242.

GEIGER, Abraham, Jewish scholar and theologian, X. 128.

GEIJER, Erik Gustav, Swedish historian, X. 129; XXII. 757.

GEIKIE, Walter, Scottish subject painter, X. 129.

GEILER, or Geyler, Johann, of Kaisersberg, German preacher, X. 129.

GEIsERs (Geysers, q.v.), X. 556.

GEISSHÄUSLER, Oswald, Swiss Reformer, XX. 331.

GEISSLER, Heinrich, German physicist, X. 130; his mercurial air-pump, XVI. 3o.

—— TUEE, VIII. 64; XIX. 229.

GEIs'I` DER ZEIT, by Arndt, II. 622.

GELA (Termnuova), ancient town, Sicily, X. 13o; XXII. 16; coins of, XVII. 639.

GELAsIUs l., pope, x. 13o; XIX. 492; as hynIn-writer, XII. 582.

_ Il., pope, X. 13o.

GELATIN, X. 13o; v. 579; use of, in photography', XVIII. 828.

_­~, Blasting, or Nitroglycerin, XVII. 520.

GELATINIGERA, order of Protozoa, XIX. 859.

GELIIEISENERZ, mineral, XVI. 402.

GELDERLAND, ancient duchy, Germany, XI. 24 3.

GELDERN, or Guelders, town, Rhenish Prussia, XI. 244.

GELÉE, Claude (Claude of Lorraine, 11.11.), French painter, V. 814.

GELELÉ, chief of Dahomey, V1. 766.

GELIMER, Vandal king, XXIV. 59.

[graphic]

CELL, Sir William, English scholar and antiquary, X. 134.

GELLERT, Christian Fürchtegott, German writer, х. 134, 533; as hymnwriter, XII. 588.

GELLIUS, Aulus, author of the Noctes
Atticœ, X. 135; his diction and style,
XIV. 338.

GELON, tyrant of Syracuse, X.
XXII. 16, 814; coins of, XVII. 638.

GELONUS, Grecian settlement, Russia,
XXI. 575.

GELsEMIUM, plant and drug, X. 135; XIII. 596.

GEM, х. 136.

GEMATRIA, in Mishnah and Kabbalah, XVII. 626.

GEMIsLoURs, Belgium, Battle of (1578), IX. 37; XIII. 718.

GEMEINDE, Prussian administrative division, XX. I8.

GEMEI. RINGS, XX. 561.

GEMEN, Godfrey de, on Gothland sea laws, XXI. 585.

GEMETICUM (J umièges), France, Abbey of, XIII. 772.

GEMINIANI, Francesco, Italian violinist, X. 136.

GEMISTUS, or Pletho, Georgius, Byzantine scholar, X. 136.

GEMMIE, of plants, XX. 423.

GEMMA FRIsIUs, on navigation, XVII. 251.

I35;

GEMMATION, Reproduction by, in ascidians, XXIII. 617; in corals, VI. 373

GEMOT, assembly of the township, in early England, Iv. 62.

GEMS, Engraved, X. 136; engraving of, XIV. 298; in rings, XX. 560; Etruscan, VIII. 640; Greek, Il. 353, 358, 363; Roman, II. 366.

GEMsBoK, antelope, X. 141.

GENAUNI, пьяницы people, Xx. 505.

GENDARMERIE, French police, X. 142.

GENEALOGY, x. 142.

GENELLI, Giovanni Buonaventura, German artist, X. 145.

GENERAL AVERAGE, XIII. maritime insurance, III. 145.

GENERAL BOUNCE, Whyte Melville’s novel, XV. 844.

GENERATION, in biology, x. 146; III. 687; XX. 407; of Iuolluscs, XVI. 637, 682; of Inosses, XVII. 7o; of tapeworms, XXIII. 52; Harvey’s work on, XI. 505; Okexŕs theory of, XVII. 750.

_, Spontaneous, I. 49; [шиш-ей on, XIV. 232; Leeuwenhoek’s refutation of, XIV. 411.

GENES (Genoa, ум), town, Italy, X. 154.

GENESEE, river, New York, U.S.A., XVII. 451; XX. 614; Portage bridge across, IV. 328.

GENESIS, Book of, XVIII. 505; the idea of God in, XXIII. 236; Philds commentary on, XVIII. 762.

XXV. — 23

187; 111

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